Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.112
Filtrar
1.
Ren Fail ; 43(1): 781-795, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33941037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tremendous scientific researches have been conducted in the field of diabetic kidney disease (DKD), while few bibliometric analyses have been performed. We aim to identify 100 top-cited published articles about DKD and analyze their main characteristics quantitatively. METHODS: Web of Science was searched with the term 'diabetic kidney disease' OR 'diabetic nephropathy' to identify the top 100 most cited articles. For articles meeting the predefined criteria, the following data were extracted and analyzed: citation ranking, publication year, publication journal, journal impact factor, country and institution, authors, study type, and keywords. RESULTS: The highest number of citations was 4753 times. The median average citations per year was 21.8 (IQR, 16.6-33.0). Most articles focused on the pathogenesis and treatment. These articles were published in 25 different journals and the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology published the greatest number (20%). Forty-three articles (43%) originated from the United States. The University of Groningen was the leading institute, contributing five top-cited articles. The most frequent first author was de Zeeuw (n = 4), followed by Parving (n = 3). There was no correlation between the average citations and the number of authors, the number of institutes, or the number of funds, respectively. Experimental animal study was the research type most frequently conducted (n = 30), followed by observational study (n = 24). Keyword analysis revealed transforming growth factor-ß, oxidative stress, proteinuria, and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system interruption are classic research topics. Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors, glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists, and anti-inflammatory agents are the emerging trends of DKD. CONCLUSIONS: This bibliometric analysis helps in identifying the milestones, inadequacies, classic hotspots, and emerging trends of DKD. Pathogenesis and treatment are core themes in DKD research, while high-quality articles on the prediction and biomarker are insufficient. New analyzing metrics are needed to assess the actual impact of these top-cited articles on clinical practice.

2.
Perfusion ; : 2676591211012216, 2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33926331

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The superiority of pulsatile perfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass remains controversial. We analyzed the frequency-domain characteristics and organ protection of pulsatile and nonpulsatile flow in adult patients with valvular disease. METHODS: EEP and SHE were used to calculate blood flow energy in 60 patients. The Fast Fourier Transform was employed to analyze the power spectral density and power density ratio (Rvpd) of flow energy. Changes in endothelin-1, nitric oxide, interleukin-6,10, tumor necrotic factor, S100ß, NSE, blood and urinary ß2-microglobulin levels were investigated to assess the endothelial function, inflammatory reaction, kidney and brain injury during CPB. RESULTS: EEP and SHE in PP group at each time point were 1.52-1.62 times and 2.03-2.22 times higher respectively compared with NP group. Power spectral density analysis demonstrated that the blood flow energy frequencies in each group were all within 40 Hz and the low frequency energy (0-5 Hz) was dominant in physiological perfusion (>90%). The energy ratio of 0-5 Hz at radial artery was significantly decreased compared with that of post arterial filter in PP (81% vs 64%) and NP (63% vs 37%) group. The power density ratio (Rvpd) was higher than that of NP in all frequency ranges at the radial artery (9.51 vs 4.68 vs 3.59) and arterial filter (3.87 vs 2.69 vs 2.38). The S100ß, NSE Urinary and plasma ß2-microglobulin level were significantly increased at 6 and 24 hours after surgery in two group, and significantly higher in group NP. CONCLUSION: PP provided more energy than NP. The proportion of low frequency energy in the pulsatile or nonpulsatile flow is significantly reduced. The low-frequency energy is significantly attenuated during conduction to peripheral tissues in nonpulsatile flow. The surplus pulsatile energy influences the secretion of endothelial and inflammatory factors, and demonstrate better cerebral and kidney protective effect at the biological marker level.

3.
Ann Med ; 53(1): 587-595, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825605

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Oxford classification of IgA nephropathy (IgAN) was revised in 2016 which lacked sufficient evidence for prognostic value of subclassification of focal segmental glomerular sclerosis (S lesion), and the proper proportion of S lesion for subclassification remains undetermined. AIM: This study aimed to explore the predictive value of the new subclassification of S score on renal outcomes of IgAN patients. METHODS: 348 patients with IgAN-associated S lesion were enrolled. According to the optimal cut-off of 25% established by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, we divided S1 patients into two groups: S1a group (S lesion < 25%) and S1b group (S lesion ≥ 25%). IgAN patients with mild lesion (M0E0S0T0C0) were set as the control group. The clinical features at renal biopsy, pathological findings, and follow-up parameters (follow-up time ranged from 1 to 5 years) were collected. We used univariate and multivariate analyses to assess whether the subclassification of S score could refine risk prediction and clinical utility. RESULTS: We demonstrated that S lesion ≥ 25% was associated with a more rapid GFR loss and a lower rate of complete remission of proteinuria even adjusted for multiple clinic pathological variables, compared to S1a group (All p values <.05). And the ratio of glomeruli with T lesion and crescents were higher in patients with S lesion ≥ 25%. Data showed that IgAN patients with S lesion ≥ 25% were at an increased risk of poor renal outcomes even with immunosuppression. CONCLUSION: This study might recommend new subclassification of S scores (S0 (no S lesion), S1 (S lesion <25% of glomeruli), and S2 (S lesion ≥ 25% of glomeruli)) for the Oxford classification. This model may also help to evaluate pros and cons of immunosuppressive therapy in IgAN patients with different level of S lesion.KEY MESSAGESS lesion ≥ 25% is an independent risk factor for poor renal outcome in IgAN patients.This new subclassification of S scores may help to evaluate pros and cons of immunotherapy in IgAN patients with different level of S lesion.

4.
J Appl Microbiol ; 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33905586

RESUMO

AIMS: To effectively use woody plant resources to prepare silage for ruminants, Pacific Biosciences (PacBio) single-molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing was applied to study the microbial network and fermentation characteristics of paper mulberry (PM) silage prepared with corn meal (CM) and rice bran (RB) as exogenous additives. METHODS AND RESULTS: PM is rich in nutrients and contains more than 26% crude protein in dry matter. After ensiling, the microbial diversity and abundance in PM, CM, and RB decreased due to the anaerobic environment and acidic conditions. The CM-treated PM silage accelerated the conversion of the dominant microbial community from harmful bacteria to lactic acid bacteria and promoted lactic acid fermentation. When RB was used to treat PM silage, Enterobacter and Clostridium species became the main bacterial community during ensiling, leading to butyric acid fermentation and protein decomposition. Compared with RB, CM increased the amount of fermentation substrates, changed the microbial community structure, and affected metabolic pathways (global metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, and amino acid metabolism), which improved the flavour and quality of the PM silage. CONCLUSIONS: The CM addition of improved the fermentation quality of PM silage, with PM + CM being the ideal combination. The SMRT sequencing technology could accurately obtain specific details of the microbial networks and fermentation characteristics. Our results indicate that PM can be used as a potential high-protein silage in animal production. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: In tropics, the effective use of abundant natural biomass resources such as woody plants to prepare silage for feed preservation can solve the problem of restricting livestock production due to the shortage of feed in the dry season. SMRT sequencing technology was used to accurately analyze the microbial network and fermentation characteristics of woody silage prepared with CM as an exogenous additive to improve the fermentation quality of silage.

5.
Front Immunol ; 12: 648182, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33841431

RESUMO

Proteins in the signaling lymphocytic activating molecule (SLAM) family play crucial roles in regulating the immune system. CD244 (SLAMF4) is a protein in this family, and is also a member of the CD2 subset of the immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily. CD244 is a cell surface protein expressed by NK cells, T cells, monocytes, eosinophils, myeloid-derived suppressor cells, and dendritic cells. CD244 binds to the ligand CD48 on adjacent cells and transmits stimulatory or inhibitory signals that regulate immune function. In-depth studies reported that CD244 functions in many immune-related diseases, such as autoimmune diseases, infectious diseases, and cancers, and its action is essential for the onset and progression of these diseases. The discovery of these essential roles of CD244 suggests it has potential as a prognostic indicator or therapeutic target. This review describes the molecular structure and function of CD244 and its roles in various immune cells and immune-related diseases.

6.
Cell Signal ; 84: 110008, 2021 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33848581

RESUMO

Innate immune response contributes significantly to ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury. Targeting innate immunity seems to be a promising method for protecting the microvascular injury in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients following myocardial I/R injury (MI/R). NLRP3 inflammasome is a central part of the innate immune system involved in the pathophysiological process of MI/R. However, the mechanisms regulating NLRP3 activation are yet to be clarified. Recently, autophagy has been related to the regulation of NLRP3 activation. Thus, how Beclin-1/Becn1 overexpression influences NLRP3 activation in microvascular endothelial cells (CMECs) after MI/R is yet to be investigated. The present study showed that Becn1 overexpression exhibits a significant increase in NLRP3 and IL-1ß in CMEC responses to MI/R. Interestingly, Becn1 overexpression promoted TNFAIP3 expression, which restricted NLRP3 activation in vitro and in vivo. The current study also showed that inflammatory cells (CD68) and B (CDB220) lymphocytes were decreased in transgenic mice with overexpression of Beclin-1 (BECN1-Tg) in the spleen and heart. These findings highlighted Becn1 as a prospective target for treating NLRP3 mediated microvascular injury following MI/R.

7.
Electrophoresis ; 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33905543

RESUMO

Mixing a small amount of magnetic beads and regents with large volume samples evenly in microcavities of a microfluidic chip is always the key step for the application of microfluidic technology in the field of magnetophoresis analysis. This article proposes a microfluidic chip for DNA extraction by magnetophoresis, which relies on bubble rising to generate turbulence and microvortices of various sizes to mix magnetic beads with samples uniformly. The construction and working principle of the microfluidic chip are introduced. CFD simulations are conducted when magnetic beads and samples are irritated by the generation of gas bubbles with the variation of supply pressures. The whole mixing process in the microfluidic chip is observed through a high-speed camera and a microfluidic system when the gas bubbles are generated continuously. The influence of supply pressure on the mixing characteristics of the microfluidic chip is investigated and discussed with both simulation and experiments. Compared with magnetic mixing, bubble mixing can avoid the magnetic beads gather phenomenon caused by magnetic forces and provide a rapid and high efficient solution to realize mixing small amount of regents in large volume samples in a certain order without complex moving structures and operations in a chip. Two applications of mixing with the proposed microfluidic chip are also carried out and discussed.

8.
Carbohydr Polym ; 262: 117925, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838804

RESUMO

Two pectic polysaccharides (WRSP-A2b and WRSP-A3a) have been obtained from Radix Sophorae Tonkinensis and comparatively investigated in terms of their physical properties and antioxidant activities. Monosaccharide composition, FT-IR, NMR and enzymatic analyses indicate that both WRSP-A2b (13.6 kDa) and WRSP-A3a (44.6 kDa) consist of homogalacturonan (HG), rhamnogalacturonan I (RG-I) and rhamnogalacturonan II (RG-II) domains, with mass ratios of 0.9:1.8:1 and 2.3:2.9:1, respectively. The RG-I domains were further purified and characterized. Results show that WRSP-A2b contains a highly branched RG-I domain, primarily substituted with α-(1→5)-linked arabinans, whereas WRSP-A3a contains a small branched RG-I domain mainly composed of ß-(1→4)-linked galactan side chains. WRSP-A3a exhibits stronger antioxidant activity in scavenging different radicals than WRSP-A2b, a finding that may be due to its higher content of GalA residues and HG domains. Our results provide useful information for screening natural polysaccharide-based antioxidants from Radix Sophorae Tonkinensis.

9.
Nano Lett ; 2021 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33843244

RESUMO

Recently synthesized hexagonal group IV materials are a promising platform to realize efficient light emission that is closely integrated with electronics. A high crystal quality is essential to assess the intrinsic electronic and optical properties of these materials unaffected by structural defects. Here, we identify a previously unknown partial planar defect in materials with a type I3 basal stacking fault and investigate its structural and electronic properties. Electron microscopy and atomistic modeling are used to reconstruct and visualize this stacking fault and its terminating dislocations in the crystal. From band structure calculations coupled to photoluminescence measurements, we conclude that the I3 defect does not create states within the hex-Ge and hex-Si band gap. Therefore, the defect is not detrimental to the optoelectronic properties of the hex-SiGe materials family. Finally, highlighting the properties of this defect can be of great interest to the community of hex-III-Ns, where this defect is also present.

10.
Inorg Chem ; 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33872509

RESUMO

To date, some attempts have been made to synthesize hierarchically porous metal-organic frameworks (HPMOFs), and in most cases, mesopores are formed in microporous frameworks. However, mass transfer and diffusion are still limited in such HPMOFs since micropores connect mesopores and mesopores are noncontinuous. Here, we fabricate a new hierarchical structure through the formation of microporous MOFs within continuous mesoporous channels. Confined space in the as-prepared mesoporous silica-containing template was used to prepare well-dispersed metal precursor of ZnO. The strategy of ligand vapor-induced crystallization was then designed to construct MOFs inside mesoporous channels, in which vapored ligand at elevated temperature diffuses and reacts with metal precursor. Our results indicate that framework isomerism is controllable by adjusting the crystallization conditions. In comparison to their microporous and mesoporous counterparts, the hierarchically porous materials show obviously enhanced adsorption performance on a series of bulky molecules including dye, enzyme, and metal-organic polyhedron.

11.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 330, 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832459

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the drug susceptibility of levofloxacin (LFX), moxifloxacin (MFX), bedaquiline (BDQ), linezolid (LZD), clofazimine (CFZ) and delamanid (DLM) against multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) isolates from drug resistance survey of southwest China, and to illustrate the genetic characteristics of MDR-TB isolates with acquired drug resistance. METHODS: A total of 339 strains were collected from smear-positive TB patients in the drug resistance survey of southwest China between January 2014 and December 2016. The MICs for the above mentioned drugs were determined for MDR-TB by conventional drug susceptibility testing. Genes related to drug resistance were amplified with their corresponding pairs of primers. RESULTS: MDR was observed in 88 (26.0%; 88/339) isolates. LFX had the highest resistance rate (50.0%; 44/88), followed by MFX (38.6%; 34/88). The resistance rate to LZD, CFZ, and DLM was 4.5% (4/88), 3.4% (3/88), and 4.5% (4/88), respectively, and the lowest resistance rate was observed in BDQ (2.3%; 2/88). Of the 45 isolates resistant to LFX and MFX, the most prevalent resistance mutation was found in gyrA with the substitution of codon 94 (34/45, 75.6%). Two strains with CFZ - BDQ cross resistance had a mutation in the Rv0678 gene. Of the four LZD resistant isolates, two carried mutations in rplC gene. For the four isolates resistant to DLM, one isolate had mutations in codon 318 of fbiC gene, and two isolates were with mutations in codon 81 of ddn gene. CONCLUSION: This study provided evidence of the usefulness of new anti-TB drugs in the treatment of MDR-TB in China.


Assuntos
Antituberculosos/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/genética , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/efeitos dos fármacos , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genética , Tuberculose Resistente a Múltiplos Medicamentos/microbiologia , China , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Mutação , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/isolamento & purificação
12.
J Affect Disord ; 286: 248-258, 2021 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33752039

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating mental disease with high morbidity and major social and economic relevance. No efficient treatment for PTSD has thus far been identified. Clinical research has shown that ketamine can rapidly alleviate symptoms in patients with chronic PTSD; however, its pharmacological mechanism has yet to be determined. METHODS: This study aimed to identify a model of single prolonged stress (SPS), which induced PTSD-like features in adult mice. Once the model was established, stress-related behavioral changes in the mouse model were evaluated after intraperitoneal injection of ketamine (10 mg/kg). Alterations in certain proteins (HCN1, BDNF, and PSD95) and synaptic ultrastructure in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and hippocampus (HIP) were measured. RESULTS: The mice under the SPS model exhibited anxiety- and depression-like behaviors and induced spatial cognitive deficits, accompanied by elevated HCN1 protein expression in the PFC and HIP, reduced brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and PSD95 proteins, and alterations in synaptic morphology. After ketamine administration, the SPS-treated mice restored their protein levels and synaptic ultrastructure in the PFC, and their PTSD-like behaviors improved. However, learning and memory in the SPS-treated mice did not improve in the water maze test, and no significant changes in protein level and synaptic ultrastructure in the HIP were shown. LIMITATIONS: The electrophysiological mechanism of the HCN1 ion channel after ketamine administration was not explored. CONCLUSION: Ketamine could generally improve SPS-induced mood dysfunction in mice but exerted no effect on the spatial cognitive function, which could be related to the alterations in synaptic morphology and function mediated by HCN1-related BDNF signaling in the PFC and HIP.


Assuntos
Ketamina , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Animais , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/metabolismo , Cognição , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Humanos , Canais Disparados por Nucleotídeos Cíclicos Ativados por Hiperpolarização , Ketamina/farmacologia , Camundongos , Canais de Potássio , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/tratamento farmacológico
13.
Eur J Med Chem ; 217: 113380, 2021 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33751981

RESUMO

A capsid is the protein shell of a virus, encircling its genetic material. The HIV capsid is erected from a single protein, known as capsid protein. The capsid of HIV-1 significantly involved in many processes of the virus life cycle, which makes it as a novel target for the new inhibitors. Recently many novel HIV-1 inhibitors binding to capsid proteins have been reported successfully. Most of these inhibitors can inhibit or accelerate the disassembly or assembly of the capsid, and some of them can inhibit reverse transcription. Unfortunately, none of them are currently approved by U.S. FDA. However, GS-6207, an inhibitor binds to the NTD-CTD interface with potent antiviral activity and the long metabolic cycle, is expected to be the first approved drug targeting HIV-1 capsid. Herein, we provide a concise report focusing on the recent prospective of HIV-1 capsid inhibitors in medicinal chemistry in order to enlighten drug design.

14.
Gastroenterol Nurs ; 44(2): 92-97, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33675596

RESUMO

Bowel preparation is the basis of colonoscopy, and adequate bowel preparation is essential to the success of colonoscopy. Studies have been reported that telephone intervention can improve the quality of bowel preparation, while it remains unclear regarding effectiveness with the elderly. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of telephone intervention on the quality of bowel preparation for colonoscopy in elderly outpatients. In total, 162 outpatients older than 65 years were enrolled and randomly divided into a control group and a study group. Patients in the study group were re-educated through telephone by a specific nurse 2 days before colonoscopy, whereas participants in the control group received education only on the day of appointment. The Ottawa score was used to evaluate the quality of bowel preparation between the two groups. In this study, no significant differences were observed in age, gender, body mass index, educational level, smoking and/or alcohol drinking, waiting time to colonoscopy, reasons for colonoscopy, and colonoscopic findings between the control group and the study group. Participants in the study group had higher adequate bowel preparation and compliance than the control group (83.1% vs. 59.5%, p = .03; 96.4% vs. 74.7%, p < .001). Univariate analysis showed that only noncompliance with start time was significantly associated with satisfactory bowel preparation in elderly patients. In conclusion, telephone intervention 2 days before colonoscopy can improve the quality of bowel preparation in the elderly.

15.
J Med Chem ; 64(7): 4239-4256, 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33734714

RESUMO

There is an urgent unmet medical need for novel human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) inhibitors that are effective against a variety of NNRTI-resistance mutations. We report our research efforts aimed at discovering a novel chemotype of anti-HIV-1 agents with improved potency against a variety of NNRTI-resistance mutations in this paper. Structural modifications of the lead K-5a2 led to the identification of a potent inhibitor 16c. 16c yielded highly potent anti-HIV-1 activities and improved resistance profiles compared with the approved drug etravirine. The co-crystal structure revealed the key role of the water networks surrounding the NNIBP for binding and for resilience against resistance mutations, while suggesting further extension of 16c toward the NNRTI-adjacent site as a lead development strategy. Furthermore, 16c demonstrated favorable pharmacokinetic and safety properties, suggesting the potential of 16c as a promising anti-HIV-1 drug candidate.

16.
Biomed Chromatogr ; : e5120, 2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33749888

RESUMO

Knoxiae Radix (HDJ, usually used after being processed into CHDJ) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine that has been recorded in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia for many years. It is said that Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (GC) is incompatible with HDJ, but this is unproven. In this work, nontargeted metabolomics experiments were performed on rats to evaluate the effect of the combination of the two herbals. For this, we conducted a 28-day administration in rats. The plasma, urine and kidney tissues were collected for a metabolomics study based on 1 H NMR and LC-MS. The OPLS-DA method was used to screen biomarkers. In addition, the KEGG Pathway database and MetaboAnalyst were used to find metabolic pathways. Twenty-two significant metabolites were identified. These metabolites were related to many metabolic pathways such as amino acid metabolism, synthesis and degradation of ketone bodies. Significant changes in urine creatinine levels revealed that CHDJ is nephrotoxic. When the GC-CHDJ mass ratio was 1, the toxicity was strengthened; when the GC-CHDJ' mass ratio was 3, the toxicity was alleviated. This is the first time that a metabolomics approach has been used to investigate the incompatibility of GC-CHDJ.

17.
Diagn Pathol ; 16(1): 22, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712056

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sialadenoma papilliferum (SP) is an extremely rare benign neoplasm of salivary glands. To explore and define the clinicopathological features of SP, we retrospectively analyzed 89 cases previously reported and five new cases. METHODS: The clinical features, histopathology, immunohistochemistry and molecular analysis of our cases were further performed and the related literatures were reviewed and analyzed. RESULTS: Combining 89 cases from the literature with our cases, the hard palate was the most common locations for SP. However, two of our cases were rarely located in the esophageal mucosa. Among all cases, the male gender was more affected, with the average age and median age of 61.8 and 62 years, respectively. Conventional histomorphologically, SP was characterized by complex papillary structures with a biphasic growth pattern of exophytic squamous component and endophytic glandular component. The glandular structures were lined by a double layer of epithelium composed of flattened or cuboidal basal cells and a cuboidal or columnar luminal cells formed papillary infoldings into the ductal lumina. Immunohistochemically, the luminal epithelial configurations showed strong expression of CK7 along the luminal cell membrane, while the basal myoepithelia displayed strong nuclear p63 expression. In both the glandular and squamous tumour components showed BRAF V600E-positive immunostaining and BRAF V600E mutation. CONCLUSION: For the first time, we have comprehensively aggregated and analyzed 90 cases sialadenoma papilliferum from almost all previous publications, and further explored the clinicopathological features of SP; concordantly, this study demonstrated that SP shows a papillomatous growth pattern with exophytic and endophytic proliferation of ductal epithelium composed of double-layered cells harboring BRAF V600E mutation. Additionly, adequate treatment for SP is surgical excision, with a favorable prognosis in patients.

18.
Food Funct ; 12(6): 2741-2749, 2021 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33681872

RESUMO

Panax ginseng is a traditional medicine used in China to treat many diseases. Polysaccharides are primary active components and have many pharmacological effects. Gastric ulcer is a serious gastrointestinal disease. However, whether polysaccharides influence gastric ulcers is unclear. In this study, the effective gastroprotective impacts and potential mechanisms of Panax ginseng polysaccharides (GPS) on gastric damage induced by ethanol in rats were investigated by macroscopically evaluating gastric mucosal injuries (improved ulcer index (UI)), histopathological staining (H&E and PAS), increased NO and PGE2 levels, and suppression of oxidative stress (increased superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) and decreased malondialdehyde (MDA)) and inflammation (reduced tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), and myeloperoxidase (MPO)). Pretreatment with GPS ameliorated the expression of I-κB/NF-κB and JAK/STAT proteins in the rat stomach exposed to ethanol. The results indicated that GPS prevent ethanol-induced gastric injuries in rats by predominantly suppressing gastric inflammation and oxidative stress through NF-κB and STAT inhibition.

19.
J Biol Chem ; : 100515, 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33676890

RESUMO

Heat-modified citrus pectin, a water-soluble indigestible polysaccharide fiber derived from citrus fruits and modified by temperature treatment, has been reported to exhibit anticancer effects. However, the bioactive fractions and their mechanisms remain unclear. In this current study, we isolated an active compound, trans-4,5-dihydroxy-2-cyclopentene-l-one (DHCP), from heat-treated citrus pectin, and found that is induces cell death in colon cancer cells via induction of mitochondrial ROS. On the molecular level, DHCP triggers ROS production by inhibiting the activity of succinate ubiquinone reductase (SQR) in mitochondrial complex II. Furthermore, cytotoxicity, apoptotic activity, and activation of caspase cascades were determined in HCT116 and HT-29 cell-based systems, the results indicated that DHCP enhances the sensitivity of cancer cells to tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), with DHCP-induced ROS accounting for the synergistic effect between DHCP and TRAIL. Furthermore, the combination of DHCP and TRAIL inhibits the growth of HCT116 and HT-29 xenografts synergistically. ROS significantly increase the expression of TRAIL death receptor 5 (DR5) via the p53 and C/EBP homologous protein pathways. Collectively, our findings indicate that DHCP has a favorable toxicity profile and is a new TRAIL sensitizer that shows promise in the development of pectin-based pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, and dietary agents aimed at combating human colon cancer.

20.
Food Res Int ; 140: 109859, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33648177

RESUMO

A neutral polysaccharide fraction (WGFPN) was isolated from Panax ginseng flowers. Monosaccharide composition and HPSEC-MALLS-RI (high-performance size exclusion chromatography coupled with multi-angle laser light scattering detector and refractive index detector) analyses showed WGFPN was a heterogalactan with a molecular weight of 11.0 kDa. Methylation, 1D/2D NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) spectra and enzymatic hydrolysis methods were used to characterize the structure of WGFPN. It possessed a less branched (1 â†’ 4)-ß-D-galactan and a significantly branched (1 â†’ 6)-ß-D-galactan. The side chains of (1 â†’ 6)-ß-D-galactan were branched with α-L-1,5-Araf and t-α-L-Araf residues at O-3. Trace amount of 1,4-linked Glcp, terminal Galp, terminal Glcp and terminal Manp residues might attached to the 1,6-linked galactan through O-3 or 1,4-linked galactan through O-6 as side chains. WGFPN could activate RAW264.7 macrophages through increasing macrophage phagocytosis, releasing NO and secreting TNF-α, IL-6, IFN-γ and IL-1ß in vitro. Moreover, WGFPN could enhance the immunity of cyclophosphamide (CTX)-induced immunosuppressed mice in vivo. Hence, WGFPN might be a potential natural immunomodulatory agent.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...