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1.
Integr Med Res ; 11(1): 100748, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34189032

RESUMO

Background: Warm acupuncture, a combination of the mechanical stimulation of acupuncture and thermal stimulation of moxibustion, is commonly used in treating acute low back pain (LBP). This trial aimed to compare the efficacy of stronger (above 43°C) and weaker (above 40°C) heat stimulation in warm acupuncture on the function and pain in patients with acute LBP due to lumbosacral disc degeneration (LDD). Methods: One hundred and fifty-nine adults were randomly assigned to receive warm acupuncture treatment with silver needle (SvN) or with stainless steel needle (SSN) (1:1). Both groups received a 3-week therapy with 3 sessions per week. The primary outcome was the modified Oswestry Disability Index at week 4. The secondary outcomes included average pain, three physical sign tests and adverse events. Participants were followed up at week 16 and week 28 after randomization. Results: The LBP related disability and pain intensity significantly relieved more in the SvN warm acupuncture group than in the SSN group, in both the short and long term (p<0.001). The between-groups difference in physical signs showed statistical significance only in the short term (p = 0.024), but not in long term (p = 0.081; p = 0.069). Conclusion: Compared with warm acupuncture with stainless-steel needle at above 40°C, warm acupuncture with silver needle at above 43°C relieved more disability and pain in patients with acute LBP due to LDD. Study registration: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR1800019051).

2.
Chem Biodivers ; 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626068

RESUMO

In order to find novel potential antifungal agrochemicals, a series of new 4-(1,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)- N -(4-phenoxyphenyl)benzamide derivatives 3a-j were designed, synthesized and characterized by their 1 H - , 13 C - NMR and HRMS spectra. The preliminary antifungal assay in vitro revealed that compounds 3a-j exhibited moderate to good antifungal activity against five plant pathogenic fungi. Especially, compound 3e presented significant antifungal activity against Alternaria solani , Botrytis cinerea and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum , superior to positive control boscalid. In the in vivo antifungal assay on tomato plants and cucumber leaves, compound 3e presented good inhibition rate against B. cinerea at 200 mg/L. Molecular dynamics simulation revealed that compound 3e could bind with the active site of class II histone deacetylase (HDAC).

3.
Curr Zool ; 67(4): 361-370, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616935

RESUMO

Climate fluctuations in the past and in the future are likely to result in population expansions, shifts, or the contraction of the ecological niche of many species, and potentially leading to the changes in their geographical distributions. Prediction of suitable habitats has been developed as a useful tool for the assessment of habitat suitability and resource conservation to protect wildlife. Here, we model the ancestral demographic history of the extant modern Chinese Muntjac Muntiacus reevesi populations using approximate Bayesian computation (ABC) and used the maximum entropy model to simulate the past and predict the future spatial dynamics of the species under climate oscillations. Our results indicated that the suitable habitats for the M. reevesi shifted to the Southeast and contracted during the Last Glacial Maximum, whereas they covered a broader and more northern position in the Middle Holocene. The ABC analyses revealed that the modern M. reevesi populations diverged in the Middle Holocene coinciding with the significant contraction of the highly suitable habitat areas. Furthermore, our predictions suggest that the potentially suitable environment distribution for the species will expand under all future climate scenarios. These results indicated that the M. reevesi diverged in the recent time after the glacial period and simultaneously as its habitat's expanded in the Middle Holocene. Furthermore, the past and future climate fluctuation triggered the change of Chinese muntjac spatial distribution, which has great influence on the Chinese muntjac's population demographic history.

4.
Antimicrob Agents Chemother ; : AAC0129521, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34662187

RESUMO

The emergence of daptomycin-resistant (DAP-R) Staphylococcus aureus strains has become a global problem. Point mutations in mprF are the main cause of daptomycin (DAP) treatment failure. However, the impact of these specific point-mutations in methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) strains associated with DAP resistance and the "see-saw effect" of distinct beta-lactams remains unclear. In this study, we used three series of clinical MRSA strains with three distinct mutated mprF alleles from clone complexes (CC) 5 and 59 to explore the "see-saw effect" and the combination effect of DAP plus beta-lactams. Through construction of mprF deletion and complementation strains of SA268, we determined that mprF-S295A, mprF-S337L and one novel mutation of mprF-I348del within the bifunctional domain lead to DAP resistance. Compared with wild-type mprF cloned from a DAP-susceptible (DAP-S) strain, these three mprF mutations conferred the "see-saw effect" to distinct beta-lactams in the SA268ΔmprF strains and mutated-mprF (I348del and S337L) did not alter the cell surface positive charge (P > 0.05). The susceptibility to beta-lactams increased significantly in DAP-R CC59 strains and the "see-saw effect" was found to be associated with distinct mutated mprF alleles and the category of beta-lactams. The synergistic activity of DAP plus oxacillin was detected in all DAP-R MRSA strains. Continued progress in understanding the mechanism of restoring susceptibility to beta-lactam antibiotics mediated by the mprF mutation and its impact on beta-lactam combination therapy will provide fundamental insights into treatment of MRSA infections.

5.
Mol Divers ; 2021 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655403

RESUMO

Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) acts as a therapeutic target for type 2 diabetes. However, the major challenges of PTP1B drug discovery are the poor selectivity and the weak oral bioavailability. In this study, we performed a combined virtual screening approach including multicomplex pharmacophore, molecular docking-based screening, van der Waals energy normalization, pose scaling factor, ADMET evaluation, and molecular dynamics simulation to select PTP1B inhibitors from three databases (PubChem, ChEMBL, and ZINC). We identified three potential PTP1B inhibitors, compounds 1, 4, and 5, with favorable binding energy and good oral bioavailability. The energetic and geometrical analyses show that the three compounds are stably bound to PTP1B, via occupying both the catalytic site (site A) and the proximal noncatalytic site (site B or C). Such occupancy may improve the selectivity. This work not only provided a feasible virtual screening protocol, but also suggested three potential PTP1B inhibitors for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

6.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(39): 22647-22660, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596658

RESUMO

Protein-peptide interactions are crucial for various important cellular regulations, and are also a basis for understanding protein-protein interactions, protein folding and peptide drug design. Due to the limited structural data obtained using experimental methods, it is necessary to predict protein-peptide interaction modes using computational methods. In the present work, we designed a fragment-based docking protocol, Divide-and-Link Peptide Docking (DLPepDock), to predict protein-peptide binding modes. This protocol contains the following steps: dividing the peptide into fragments and separately docking the fragments using a third-party small molecular docking tool, linking the docked fragmental poses to form the whole peptide conformations via fragmental coordinate transformation using our in-house program, removing unreasonable poses according to several geometrical filters, extracting representative conformations after clustering for further minimization using the steepest descent and conjugation gradient methods based on a full-atom molecular force field and finally scoring using the MM/PBSA binding energy calculation implemented in Amber. When tested on the LEADS-PEP benchmark data set of 26 diverse complexes with peptides of 6-12 residues, FlexPepDock ab initio and AutoDock CrankPep achieved superior results. DLPepDock performed better than the other 15 docking protocols implemented in nine docking programs (HPepDock, DockThor, rDock, Glide, LeDock, AutoDock, AutoDock Vina, Surflex, and GOLD). The Linux scripts to call the third-party tools and run all the calculations.


Assuntos
Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Peptídeos/química
7.
Food Chem ; 372: 131241, 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627085

RESUMO

In order to explore the mechanism of mulberry polyphenols inhibiting the oxidation of myofibrillar protein (MP), the effect of mulberry polyphenols on the structure and physicochemical properties of MP in the oxidation system was investigated. The results revealed that the content of carbonyl group and sulfhydryl group of MP was notably reduced, while the Zeta potential, storage modulus G' and surface hydrophobicity were improved when the addition of mulberry polyphenol was 0.5%. SDS-PAGE showed an irreducible aggregation of mulberry polyphenols with proteins. Fluorescence spectroscopy and FT-IR analysis manifested that mulberry polyphenols promoted the unfolding of protein structure and the transformation of α-helix to ß-turn structure. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observed that oxidation with polyphenols facilitated the cross-linking and aggregation of MP more tightly. Nevertheless, excessive addition (≥1.0%) weakened its gel properties. Thus, to maintain the good quality of meat products, both polyphenols addition and oxidation intensity should be controlled simultaneously.

8.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt B): 127443, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653867

RESUMO

With the increasing application of nanomaterials, evaluation of the phytotoxicity of nanoparticles has attracted considerable interest. Buckwheat is an economically pseudocereal crop, which is a potential model for investigating the response of plants to hazardous materials. In this study, the response of buckwheat to graphene oxide (GO) was investigated by integrating physiological and transcriptome analysis. GO can penetrate into buckwheat root and stem, and high concentrations of GO inhibited seedlings growth. High concentration of GO improved ROS production and regulated the activities and gene expression of oxidative enzymes, which implying GO may affect plant growth via regulating ROS detoxification. Root and stem exhibit distinct transcriptomic responses to GO, and the GO-responsive genes in stem are more enriched in cell cycle and epigenetic regulation. GO inhibited plant hormone biosynthesis and signaling by analyzing the expression data. Additionally, 97 small secreted peptides (SSPs) encoding genes were found to be involved in GO response. The gene expression of 111 transcription factor (TFs) and 43 receptor-like protein kinases (RLKs) were regulated by GO, and their expression showed high correlation with SSPs. Finally, the TFs-SSPs-RLKs signaling networks in regulating GO response were proposed. This study provides insights into the molecular responses of plants to GO.

9.
Curr Opin Neurol ; 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34608074

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we summarized recent findings that highlight the progress for checkpoint blockade immunotherapy in glioblastoma (GBM) patients. RECENT FINDINGS: We reviewed new data from our group and others that suggest that the timing of when immunotherapy is applied can impact the antitumor immune response and, potentially, the ultimate clinical benefit of patients. SUMMARY: The neoadjuvant priming and expansion of exhausted T cells within the GBM microenvironment, followed by the removal of an immune suppressive tumor microenvironment through surgical resection, may lead to enhanced antitumor immune responses that beneficial clinically. As such, neoadjuvant immunotherapeutic approaches and rational combinations may be helpful scientifically to understand how immunotherapeutic interventions influence the tumor microenvironment, as well benefit the patients.

10.
Mol Cancer Res ; 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610962

RESUMO

Although the sonic hedgehog (SHH) signaling pathway has been implicated in promoting malignant phenotypes of prostate cancer, details on how it is activated and exerts its oncogenic role during prostate cancer development and progression is less clear. Here, we show that GLI3, a key SHH pathway effector, is transcriptionally upregulated during androgen deprivation and posttranslationally stabilized in prostate cancer cells by mutation of speckle-type POZ protein (SPOP). GLI3 is a substrate of SPOP-mediated proteasomal degradation in prostate cancer cells and prostate cancer driver mutations in SPOP abrogate GLI3 degradation. Functionally, GLI3 is necessary and sufficient for the growth and migration of AR positive prostate cancer cells, particularly under androgen-depleted conditions. Importantly, we demonstrate that GLI3 physically interacts and functionally cooperates with AR to enrich an AR-dependent gene expression program leading to castration resistant growth of xenografted prostate tumors. Finally, we identify an AR/GLI3 co-regulated gene signature that is highly correlated with castration resistant metastatic prostate cancer and predictive of disease recurrence. Together, these findings reveal that hyperactivated GLI3 promotes castration-resistant growth of prostate cancer and provide a rationale for therapeutic targeting of GLI3 in CRPC patients. Implications: We describe two clinically relevant mechanisms leading to hyperactivated GLI3 signaling and enhanced AR/GLI3 crosstalk, suggesting that GLI3-specific inhibitors might prove effective to block prostate cancer development or delay CRPC.

11.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 5594718, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34604385

RESUMO

Objectives: Undernutrition early in life may increase the incidence of adverse effects on adult health. The relations between undernutrition and obesity parameters (body mass index (BMI) and WC (waist circle)) and hypertension were often contradictory. Our study is aimed at identifying the combined effects of famine exposure and obesity parameters on hypertension in middle-aged and older Chinese. Design: A population-based cross-sectional study. Setting. Data were selected from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study Wave2011 (CHARLS Wave2011). Participants. The sample included 12945 individuals aged 45 to 96. Main Outcome Measurements. The study analyzed data from 12945 middle-aged and older Chinese selected from CHARLS Wave2011. Differences between baseline characteristics and famine exposure/BMI levels/WC levels were evaluated using the t-, Chi-square- (χ 2-), and F-test. Then, the difference in the prevalence of hypertension between baseline characteristics was estimated by the t- and χ 2-test. Finally, multivariable-adjusted logistic regression models were used to explore the associations of famine exposure and obesity parameters with odds of prevalence of hypertension. Results: Among the 12945 participants, 1548 (11.96%) participants had been exposed to the Chinese famine during the fetal group, whereas 5101 (39.41%) participants and 4362 (33.70%) participants had been exposed to the famine during childhood and adolescence/adult group, respectively. Regarding the participants with BMI levels, 3746 (28.94%) were overweight, and 1465 (11.32%) were obese, whereas 5345 (41.29%) of the participants with WC levels were obese, respectively. Furthermore, 1920 (31.17%) had hypertension in males and 2233 (32.91%) in females. In multivariable-adjusted models, famine exposure and obesity parameters were related with prevalence of hypertension independently in total populations ((1) model threec, famine exposure with prevalence of hypertension: the fatal-exposed vs. no-exposed group (OR1.27; 95% CI 1.08, 1.49); childhood-exposed vs. no-exposed group (OR1.64; 95% CI 1.44, 1.87); the adolescence/adult-exposed vs. no-exposed group (OR3.06; 95% CI 2.68, 3.50); P for trend < 0.001; (2) model threee, famine exposure with prevalence of hypertension: the fatal-exposed vs. no-exposed group (OR1.25; 95% CI 1.06, 1.47); childhood-exposed vs. no-exposed group (OR1.52; 95% CI 1.34, 1.73); the adolescence/adult-exposed vs. no-exposed group (OR2.66; 95% CI 2.33, 3.03); P for trend < 0.001; (3) model threeg, BMI levels with prevalence of hypertension: overweight vs. normal (OR1.75; 95% CI 1.60, 1.91); obesity vs. normal (OR2.79; 95% CI 2.48, 3.15); P for trend < 0.001; (4) WC levels with prevalence of hypertension: overweight vs. normal (OR1.42; 95% CI 1.36, 1.48)). When stratified by sex, results in both males and females were mostly similar to those in the total population. In general, interaction analysis in the multivariable-adjusted model, compared with the combination of normal BMI/WC levels and no-exposed famine group, all groups trended towards higher odds of prevalence of hypertension (the greatest increase in odds, adolescence/adult-exposed group with obesity in BMI levels: (OR8.13; 95% CI 6.18, 10.71); adolescence/adult-exposed group with obesity in WC levels: (OR6.36; 95% CI 5.22, 7.75); P for interaction < 0.001). When stratified by sex, the results in both males and females were also similar to those in the total population. Conclusion: Our data support a strongly positive combined effect of famine exposure and obesity parameters on hypertension in middle-aged and elderly Chinese.

12.
Psychophysiology ; : e13949, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587299

RESUMO

The incidence of depression is increasing, especially in the young adult population. Impaired cognitive function is one of the characteristics of depression, which may be related to impaired cerebral autoregulation (CA). We investigated the characteristics of CA in young adults with mild depression, as well as its validity for identifying patients with depression. Patients (aged 18-35 years) with Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD) scores ranging from 8 to 17 and a first episode of mild depression were enrolled in this study. Healthy volunteers were recruited as controls. Noninvasive continuous arterial blood pressure and bilateral middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity were simultaneously recorded from each subject. Transfer function analysis was applied to derive phase difference, gain, coherence and rate of recovery for the assessment of CA. Forty-three patients and 43 healthy controls were enrolled. Phase difference values were significantly compromised in young adults with mild depression and were negatively correlated with HAMD scores. Rate of recovery values estimated from depressed patients was significantly lower. The validity in identifying patients with depression was favorable for the phase difference. The cutoff phase difference value was 29.66. Our findings suggest that dynamic CA was impaired in young patients with mild depression and negatively correlated with HAMD scores. CA represented by phase difference can be used as an objective auxiliary examination of depression, and has clinical diagnostic value for the early identification of patients with depression.

13.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0131221, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34585949

RESUMO

The large (L) polymerase proteins of most nonsegmented, negative-stranded (NNS) RNA viruses have conserved methyltransferase motifs, (G)-G-G-D and K-D-K-E, which are important for the stabilization and translation of mRNA. However, the function of the (G)-G-G-D and K-D-K-E motifs in the NNS RNA virus Newcastle disease virus (NDV) remains unclear. We observed G-G-D and K-D-K-E motifs in all NDV genotypes. By using the infection cloning system of NDV rSG10 strain, recombinant NDVs with a single amino acid mutated to alanine in one motif (G-G-D or K-D-K-E) were rescued. The intracerebral pathogenicity index and mean death time assay results revealed that the G-G-D motif and K-D-K-E motif attenuate the virulence of NDV to various degrees. The replication, transcription, and translation levels of the K-D-K-E motif-mutant strains were significantly higher than those of wild-type virus owing to their altered regulation of the affinity between nucleocapsid protein and eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E. When the infection dose was changed from a multiplicity of infection (MOI) of 10 to an MOI of 0.01, the cell-to-cell spread abilities of G-G-D- and K-D-K-E-mutant strains were reduced, according to plaque assay and dynamic indirect immunofluorescence assay results. Finally, we found that NDV strains with G-G-D or K-D-K-E motif mutations had less pathogenicity in 3-week-old specific-pathogen-free chickens than wild-type NDV. Therefore, these methyltransferase motifs can affect virulence by regulating the translation and cell-to-cell spread abilities of NDV. This work provides a feasible approach for generating vaccine candidates for viruses with methyltransferase motifs. IMPORTANCE Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is an important pathogen that is widespread globally. Research on its pathogenic mechanism is an important means of improving prevention and control efforts. Our study found that a deficiency in its methyltransferase motifs (G-G-D and K-D-K-E motifs) can attenuate NDV and revealed the molecular mechanism by which these motifs affect pathogenicity, which provides a new direction for the development of NDV vaccines. In addition to the (G)-G-G-D and K-D-K-E motifs of many nonsegmented, negative-stranded RNA viruses, similar motifs have been found in dengue virus, Zika virus, Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). This suggests that such motifs may be present in more viruses. Our finding also provides a molecular basis for the discovery and functional study of (G)-G-G-D and K-D-K-E motifs of other viruses.

14.
PLoS Pathog ; 17(9): e1009960, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34591933

RESUMO

HAV-infected Ifnar1-/- mice recapitulate many of the cardinal features of hepatitis A in humans, including serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) elevation, hepatocellular apoptosis, and liver inflammation. Previous studies implicate MAVS-IRF3 signaling in pathogenesis, but leave unresolved the role of IRF3-mediated transcription versus the non-transcriptional, pro-apoptotic activity of ubiquitylated IRF3. Here, we compare the intrahepatic transcriptomes of infected versus naïve Mavs-/- and Ifnar1-/- mice using high-throughput sequencing, and identify IRF3-mediated transcriptional responses associated with hepatocyte apoptosis and liver inflammation. Infection was transcriptionally silent in Mavs-/- mice, in which HAV replicates robustly within the liver without inducing inflammation or hepatocellular apoptosis. By contrast, infection resulted in the upregulation of hundreds of genes in Ifnar1-/- mice that develop acute hepatitis closely modeling human disease. Upregulated genes included pattern recognition receptors, interferons, chemokines, cytokines and other interferon-stimulated genes. Compared with Ifnar1-/- mice, HAV-induced inflammation was markedly attenuated and there were few apoptotic hepatocytes in livers of infected Irf3S1/S1Ifnar1-/- mice in which IRF3 is transcriptionally-inactive due to alanine substitutions at Ser-388 and Ser-390. Although transcriptome profiling revealed remarkably similar sets of genes induced in Irf3S1/S1Ifnar1-/- and Ifnar1-/- mice, a subset of genes was differentially expressed in relation to the severity of the liver injury. Prominent among these were both type 1 and type III interferons and interferon-responsive genes associated previously with apoptosis, including multiple members of the ISG12 and 2'-5' oligoadenylate synthetase families. Ifnl3 and Ifnl2 transcript abundance correlated strongly with disease severity, but mice with dual type 1 and type III interferon receptor deficiency remained fully susceptible to liver injury. Collectively, our data show that IRF3-mediated transcription is required for HAV-induced liver injury in mice and identify key IRF3-responsive genes associated with pathogenicity, providing a clear distinction from the transcription-independent role of IRF3 in liver injury following binge exposure to alcohol.

15.
Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol ; 35(3): 369-376, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511225

RESUMO

Hospitals face catastrophic financial challenges in light of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Acute shortages in materials such as masks, ventilators, intensive care unit capacity, and personal protective equipment (PPE) are a significant concern. The future success of supply chain management involves increasing the transparency of where our raw materials are sourced, diversifying of our product resources, and improving our technology that is able to predict potential shortages. It is also important to develop a proactive budgeting strategy to meet supply demands through early designation of dependable roles to support organizations and through the education of healthcare staff. In this paper, we discuss supply chain management, governance and financing, emergency protocols, including emergency procurement and supply chain, supply chain gaps and how to address them, and the importance of communication in the times of crisis.


Assuntos
COVID-19/terapia , Gestão de Recursos da Equipe de Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Equipamentos e Provisões Hospitalares/provisão & distribuição , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/provisão & distribuição , COVID-19/economia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Defesa Civil/economia , Defesa Civil/métodos , Gestão de Recursos da Equipe de Assistência à Saúde/economia , Equipamentos e Provisões Hospitalares/economia , Humanos , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/economia
16.
Microb Genom ; 7(9)2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34554083

RESUMO

Treatment failure of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections remains problematic in clinical practice because therapeutic options are limited. Penicillin plus potassium clavulanate combination (PENC) was shown to have potential for treating some MRSA infections. We investigated the susceptibility of MRSA isolates and constructed a drug susceptibility prediction model for the phenotype of the PENC. We determined the minimum inhibitory concentration of PENC for MRSA (n=284) in a teaching hospital (SRRSH-MRSA). PENC susceptibility genotypes were analysed using a published genotyping scheme based on the mecA sequence. mecA expression in MRSA isolates was analysed by qPCR. We established a random forest model for predicting PENC-susceptible phenotypes using core genome allelic profiles from cgMLST analysis. We identified S2-R isolates with susceptible mecA genotypes but PENC-resistant phenotypes; these isolates expressed mecA at higher levels than did S2 MRSA (2.61 vs 0.98, P<0.05), indicating the limitation of using a single factor for predicting drug susceptibility. Using the data of selected UK-sourced MRSA (n=74) and MRSA collected in a previous national survey (NA-MRSA, n=471) as a training set, we built a model with accuracies of 0.94 and 0.93 for SRRSH-MRSA and UK-sourced MRSA (n=287, NAM-MRSA) validation sets. The AUROC of this model for SRRSH-MRSA and NAM-MRSA was 0.96 and 0.97. Although the source of the training set data affects the scope of application of the prediction model, our data demonstrated the power of the machine learning approach in predicting susceptibility from cgMLST results.

17.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 420, 2021 09 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488649

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malnutrition in early life may affect health in later life. The associations between malnutrition and serum uric acid (SUA) and hypertension were inconsistent. The present study aimed to investigate the individual and combined association between famine exposure and serum uric acid and hypertension in middle-aged and older Chinese. METHODS: Data were selected from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) Wave2011. The analytic sample included 9368 individuals aged 45 to 90. Differences between baseline characteristics and famine exposure/SUA level were evaluated using the Chi-square test, t-test, and F-test. Then, the differences in the prevalence of hypertension between characteristic groups was also estimated by the Chi-square and t-test. Finally, multivariable-adjusted logistic regression models examined association of famine exposure and serum uric acid with odds of prevalence of hypertension. RESULTS: A total of 9368 individuals were enrolled in the study, 4366 (46.61%) and 5002 (53.39%) were male and female, respectively. Among males, 459 (10.51%) had been exposed to the Chinese famine during the fetal stage, whereas 1760 (40.31%) and 1645 (37.68%) had been exposed to the famine during childhood and adolescence/adult stage, respectively. Among females, 635 (12.69%) had been exposed to the Chinese famine during the fetal stage, whereas 1988 (39.74%) and 1569 (31.37%) had been exposed to the famine during childhood and adolescence/adult stage, respectively. Regarding the participants with SUA level measurements, 290 (6.64%) reported having Hyperuricemia (HUA) in males and 234 (4.68%) in the females. Furthermore, 1357 (31.08%) reported having hypertension in male and 1619 (32.37%) in the female. In multivariable-adjusted model, famine exposure and serum uric acid were associated with prevalence of hypertension independently in total populations [(1) Model fourd, fatal exposed group vs non-exposed group: 1.25 (95% CI 1.03, 1.52); childhood-exposed group vs non-exposed group:1.60 (95% CI 1.37, 1.87); adolescence/adult exposed group vs non-exposed group: 2.87 (95% CI 2.44, 3.37), P for trend < 0.001; (2) Model four e, high vs normal:1.73 (95% CI 1.44, 2.08)]. When stratified by sex, the results in both males and females were similar to those in the total population. In general, interaction analysis in the multivariable-adjusted model, compared with the combination of normal SUA level and no-exposed famine stage, all groups trended towards higher odds of prevalence of hypertension [the greatest increase in odds, adolescence/adult exposed stage and high SUA level in total participants: OR4.34; 95%CI 3.24, 5.81; P for interaction < 0.001]. When stratified by sex, the results in both males and females were also similar to those in the total population. CONCLUSION: Our data support a strongly positive individual and combined association of famine exposure and serum uric acid with hypertension in middle-aged and elderly Chinese.

18.
Phytochemistry ; 191: 112906, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34390889

RESUMO

Twenty-five steroidal glycosides including eight undescribed compounds which were named as polygonatumosides H-O, were isolated from the 70 % EtOH extract of rhizomes of Polygonatum odoratum (Mill.) Druce (Asparagaceae). Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analyses and chemical methods. The isolated compounds were evaluated cytotoxicity against three human cancer cell lines: human non-small cell lung cancer (A549), human epithelial colorectal adenocarcinoma (Caco2), and human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cells. Five compounds showed cytotoxicity against these cell lines with IC50 values in the range of 1.7-30.8 µM.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Polygonatum , Células CACO-2 , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular
19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(70): 8802-8805, 2021 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382627

RESUMO

Thiolysis of 7-cyanobenzoxadiazole (CBD) arylether was investigated for development of GSH-selective fluorescent probes for the first time. The results demonstrate that CBD-based probes have tunable reactivities and appropriate dissociation constants for GSH, and are highly GSH-selective and suitable for bioimaging.

20.
J Infect Public Health ; 14(9): 1127-1132, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343962

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Currently, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread worldwide and become a global health concern. Here, we report a familial cluster of six patients infected with severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in a northern Chinese region and share our local experience with regard the control of COVID-19. METHODS: The demographic data, clinical features, laboratory examinations, and epidemiological characteristics of enrolled cases were collected and analyzed. Two family members (Cases 1 and 2) had Hubei exposure history and were admitted to the hospital with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19; eight familial members who had contact with them during the incubation period underwent quarantine in a hospital. We closely followed up all the family members and analyzed their clinical outcome. RESULTS: Case 3 had negative SARS-CoV-2 reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) results but was suspected to have COVID-19 because of radiographic abnormalities. Cases 4 and 5 developed symptomatic COVID-19. Case 6 was considered an asymptomatic carrier as his SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR result was positive. The other four family members with close contacts to COVID-19 patients had no evidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that COVID-19 has infectivity during the incubation period and preventive quarantine is effective for controlling an outbreak of COVID-19 infection.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , China/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Quarentena , SARS-CoV-2
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