Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 965
Filtrar
1.
Ann Coloproctol ; 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32054252

RESUMO

Purpose: Few studies have analyzed the effects of preoperative pain education on the postoperative decision to discharge. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of pain education and management on the decision to discharge patients after single-incision laparoscopic appendectomy (SILA). Methods: We included 135 patients who had undergone SILA for acute appendicitis between March 2017 and April 2018 in a single medical center. Of these, 72 (53.3%) patients had received preoperative pain education (group I) and 63 (46.7%) patients had not (group 2). We compared perioperative outcomes and complications between the groups. Results: Baseline characteristics such as sex, age, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists.

2.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; : 108080, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061638

RESUMO

AIMS: Cholecystectomy is a risk factor for insulin resistance and diabetes, but the association between cholecystectomy and insulin release/sensitivity remains obscure. We investigated the association between cholecystectomy and the factors related to glycemia and glucose tolerance. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2011 with 10,027 participants aged ≥40 in Nanjing, China. After applying exclusion criteria, 8,030 participants were divided into three groups: 1, without gallbladder disease (n=6783); 2, with gallbladder disease but without cholecystectomy (n=857); and 3, with cholecystectomy (n=390). RESULTS: Various indexes of blood glucose and insulin level after the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) were assessed. The association between gallbladder disease or cholecystectomy and diabetes was evaluated with logistic regression models. Group 3 had a higher prevalence of newly diagnosed diabetes by OGTT criteria compared with groups 2 and 1, respectively (20.5% vs. 12.4% vs. 10.6%, P<0.001). The adjusted odds ratio and 95% confidence interval of diabetes associated with cholecystectomy were 1.546 (1.168, 2.046) (P=0.002). Pattern 2, which was characterized by a lasting late insulin response, was more frequent in group 3 compared with groups 2 and 1, respectively (61.0% vs. 54.3% vs.48.3%, P<0.001). After adjusting for confounding factors, a higher total insulin release and lower Matsuda insulin sensitivity index (P<0.001) were found in group 3 compared with the other two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Cholecystectomized subjects demonstrated a higher prevalence of diabetes characterized by lower peripheral insulin sensitivity and higher total insulin release.

3.
J Chromatogr A ; : 460884, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31973930

RESUMO

The facile preparation and characterization of a cationic polyelectrolyte (polydiallyldimethylammonium chloride, PDDA) fabricated graphene oxide-grafted silica microsphere (PDDA@GO@Sil) with high positive charge density as the sorbent for the high selective capture of acidic herbicides were reported. The theoretical calculation showed that there were strong adsorption energies between the PDDA and analytes, and the main interaction was the hydrogen bonding from OH…Cl and CO…HC. Static- and dynamic- state adsorption results indicated that acidic herbicides were the monolayer coverage onto the PDDA@GO@Sil due to the electrostatic attraction between the sorbent and analytes, and electrostatic repulsion among analytes. Under the optimized conditions obtained with the single-factor experiment and response surface methodology, this established method was used for the enrichment and determination of herbicides in two vegetables. Method detection limits were in the range of 0.75-1.50 µg L-1 indicating that the introduction of PDDA provided the excellent extraction capacity toward acidic herbicides. The obtained results exhibited that the developed method was feasible, reliable, selective and accurate for the determination of acidic herbicides in real samples.

4.
Psychol Health Med ; : 1-9, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967487

RESUMO

Few studies have concentrated on the prevalence and related factors of depression and falls among the elderly living in rural communities of Guangzhou. A total of 335 participants aged ≥60 years were recruited by simple random sampling method. A structural equation model was applied to determine interrelationships between depression, falls and other variables. As high as 27.5% and 23.3% participants had reported depressive symptoms and falls, respectively. The path analysis showed the total effect (ß = -0.58) of depression on quality of life (QOL) consisted of a direct effect (ß = -0.51) and an indirect effect (ß = -0.07), which was mediated by family function and number of falls, and the R2 was 0.36. The model fit indices were χ2/df = 1.096, P > 0.05, Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA) = 0.017, Tucker-Lewis Index (TLI) = 0.998 and Comparative Fit Index (CFI) = 0.999. Depression and falls were prevalent among the elderly living in rural communities of Guangzhou city. Pay attention to strengthen family function and prevent falls may prevent depression and improve the QOL among the elderly.

5.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(1): 44, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969558

RESUMO

Tissue nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP) is expressed widely in different tissues, modulating functions of metabolism and inflammation. However, the effect of TNAP on cardiac fibrosis remains controversial and needs to be further studied. The present study aims to investigate the role of TNAP on myocardial infarction (MI)-induced fibrosis and its mechanism. TNAP was upregulated in patients with MI, both in serum and injured hearts, and predicted in-hospital mortality. TNAP was also significantly upregulated after MI in rats, mostly in the border zone of the infarcted hearts combined with collagen synthesis. Administration of TNAP inhibitor, tetramisole, markedly improved cardiac function and fibrosis after MI. In the primary cultures of neonatal rat cardiac fibroblasts (CFs), TNAP inhibition significantly attenuated migration, differentiation, and expression of collagen-related genes. The TGF-ß1/Smads signaling suppression, and p-AMPK and p53 upregulation were involved in the process. When p53 inhibitor was administered, the antifibrotic effect of TNAP inhibition can be blocked. This study provides a direct evidence that inhibition of TNAP might be a novel regulator in cardiac fibrosis and exert an antifibrotic effect mainly through AMPK-TGF-ß1/Smads and p53 signals.

6.
Vet Microbiol ; 241: 108573, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31928705

RESUMO

Caprine parainfluenza virus type 3 (CPIV3) is the one of most common causative agents of caprine respiratory infection, resulting in significant economic losses in the goat and sheep industries. However, the molecular mechanisms and host genes involved in the pathogenesis of and immunity against CPIV3 infection remain poorly understood. In this study, we used RNA-Seq to understand the responses of madin-darby bovine kidney (MDBK) cells to CPIV3 infection. A total of 261 differentially-expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in CPIV3-infected compared with mock-infected MDBK cells at 24 h post-infection (hpi). The DEGs were mainly involved in immune system processes, metabolic processes, and signal transduction. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis demonstrated that the most significantly enriched signaling pathways were MAPK, Wnt, PI3K-Akt, tumor necrosis factor, Toll-like receptor and ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis. STRING analysis revealed that seven interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs) were upregulated (IFI6, ISG15, OAS1Y, OAS1Z, MX1, MX2 and RSAD2) and may play a pivotal role during CPIV3 infection. Moreover, overexpression of these ISGs significantly reduced CPIV3 replication in vitro, while siRNA silencing markedly improved CPIV3 replication 24 and 48 hpi. Ours is the first study to profile the gene expression of CPIV3-infected MDBK cells. We identified seven ISGs that could be targeted in novel antiviral strategies against CPIV3.

7.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 643, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31959763

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint blockade is promising for treating non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We used multipanel markers to predict the response to immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) by characterizing gene expression signatures or individual genes in patients who showed durable clinical benefit to ICIs. Twenty-one patients with NSCLC treated with single-agent anti-programmed cell death protein (PD)-1 antibody were analyzed and their clinicopathological characteristics and response to ICIs were characterized. Nine (43%) showed a durable clinical benefit (DCB), while the remaining 12 (57%) patients showed non-durable benefit (NDB). The M1 and peripheral T cell signatures showed the best performance for discriminating DCB from NDB (sensitivity, specificity, accuracy = 0.89, 1.0, 0.95, respectively). Progression-free survival (PFS) was significantly longer in patients with high M1 signature or high peripheral T cell signature scores. CD137 and PSMB9 mRNA expression was higher in the DCB group than in the NDB group. Patients with high PSMB9 expression showed longer PFS. M1 signature, peripheral T cell signature and high mRNA expression level of CD137 and PSMB9 showed better predictive performance than known biomarkers, such as PD-L1 immunohistochemistry, tumor mutation burden, or tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes.

8.
J Sep Sci ; 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31944581

RESUMO

Resorcinol-formaldehyde aerogel coating was in situ prepared on the surface of basalt fibers. The aerogel coating is uniformly modified onto basalt fibers, and it is very porous according to the characterization by using scanning electron microscopy. An extraction tube was prepared for in-tube solid-phase microextraction by placing the aerogel-coated basalt fibers into a polyetheretherketone tube. To evaluate the extraction performance toward five estrogenic compounds, the tube was connected with high performance liquid chromatography, the important extraction and desorption conditions were investigated. An online analytical method for detection of estrogens was developed and presented low limits of detection (0.005-0.030 µg/L), wide linear ranges (0.017-20, 0.033-20, and 0.099-20 µg/L), good linearity (r > 0.9990), and satisfactory repeatability (relative standard deviation < 2.7%). The method was successfully applied to detect trace estrogens in real water samples (bottled pure water and bottled mineral water), satisfactory recoveries were ranged from 80 to 125% with two spiking levels of 2 and 6 µg/L.

9.
J Physiol ; 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951019

RESUMO

KEY POINTS: Current views suggest γ2 subunit-containing GABAA receptors mediate phasic IPSCs while extrasynaptic δ subunits mediate diffusional IPSCs and tonic current. We have re-examined the roles of the two receptor populations using mice with picrotoxin resistance engineered into receptors containing the δ subunit. Using pharmacological separation, we find that in general δ and γ IPSCs are modulated in parallel by manipulations of transmitter output and diffusion, with evidence favoring modestly more diffusional contribution to δ IPSCs. Our findings also reveal that spontaneous δ IPSCs are mainly driven by channel deactivation, rather than by diffusion of GABA. Understanding the functional contributions of the two receptor classes may help understand the actions of drug therapies with selective effects on one population over the other. ABSTRACT: GABAA receptors mediate transmission throughout the central nervous system and typically contain a δ subunit (δ receptors) or a γ2 subunit (γ2 receptors). δ IPSCs decay slower than γ2 IPSCs, but the reasons are unclear. Transmitter diffusion, rebinding, or slow deactivation kinetics of channels are candidates. We used gene editing to confer picrotoxin resistance on δ receptors in mice, then pharmacologically isolated δ receptors in mouse dentate granule cells to explore IPSCs. γ2 and δ components of IPSCs were modulated similarly by presynaptic manipulations and manipulations of transmitter lifetime, suggesting that GABA release recruits δ receptors proportionally to γ2 receptors. δ IPSCs showed more sensitivity to altered transmitter release and to a rapidly dissociating antagonist, suggesting an additional spillover contribution. Reducing GABA diffusion with 5% dextran increased the peak amplitude and decreased the decay of evoked δ IPSCs but had no effect on δ or dual-component (mainly γ2-driven) spontaneous IPSCs, suggesting that GABA actions can be local for both receptor types. Rapid application of varied [GABA] onto nucleated patches from dentate granule cells demonstrated a deactivation rate of δ receptors similar to that of δ spontaneous IPSCs, consistent with the idea that deactivation and local GABA actions drive δ spontaneous IPSCs. Overall, our results indicate that δ IPSCs are activated by both synaptic and diffusional GABA. Our results are consistent with a functional relationship between δ and γ2 GABAA receptors akin to that of slow NMDA and fast AMPA EPSCs at glutamate synapses. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

10.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 35(1): 147-155, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802190

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Our previous study reported that carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels in peritoneal fluid were significantly correlated with the prevalence of peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) in colorectal cancer (CRC). The purpose of this study was a long-term follow up of the author's previous study, as well as the identification of correlations with the known risk factors of PC and the comparison of the predictive power of PC in CRC. METHODS: A total of 495 patients without PC who underwent CRC operations at St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, from January 2006 to November 2014 were included in this study. Tumor markers of peritoneal fluid sampled at the beginning of each operation were prospectively analyzed and compared with the known risk factors for PC in CRC. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis of PC revealed that T4 cancer (OR 5.143, 95% CI 1.400-18.897, p = 0.014), T3 mucinous cancer (OR 17.480, 95% CI 1.577-193.714, p = 0.020), obstructed tumors (OR 6.030, 95% CI 1.627-22.343, p = 0.007), and peritoneal fluid CEA above 5 ng/dl (OR 4.073, 95% CI 1.315-12.615, p = 0.015) were significant risk factors. T4 cancer, obstructed tumors, and peritoneal fluid CEA above 5 ng/dl showed correlations with cancer-free survival. Generally, higher CEA levels in peritoneal fluid were correlated with previously known risk factors for PC in CRC. CONCLUSION: Peritoneal fluid CEA has predictive value for PC and prognostic value in CRC. Therefore, we recommend routinely performing ascites CEA analysis in colorectal cancer surgery.

11.
Diabetes ; 69(1): 121-126, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31658956

RESUMO

It is estimated that ∼1% of European ancestry patients clinically diagnosed with type 1 diabetes (T1D) actually have monogenic forms of the disease. Because of the much lower incidence of true T1D in East Asians, we hypothesized that the percentage would be much higher. To test this, we sequenced the exome of 82 Chinese Han patients clinically diagnosed with T1D but negative for three autoantibodies. Analysis focused on established or proposed monogenic diabetes genes. We found credible mutations in 18 of the 82 autoantibody-negative patients (22%). All mutations had consensus pathogenicity support by five algorithms. As in Europeans, the most common gene was HNF1A (MODY3), in 6 of 18 cases. Surprisingly, almost as frequent were diallelic mutations in WFS1, known to cause Wolfram syndrome but also described in nonsyndromic cases. Fasting C-peptide varied widely and was not predictive. Given the 27.4% autoantibody negativity in Chinese and 22% mutation rate, we estimate that ∼6% of Chinese with a clinical T1D diagnosis have monogenic diabetes. Our findings support universal sequencing of autoantibody-negative cases as standard of care in East Asian patients with a clinical T1D diagnosis. Nonsyndromic diabetes with WSF1 mutations is not rare in Chinese. Its response to alternative treatments should be investigated.

12.
J Neurogastroenterol Motil ; 26(1): 106-116, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623029

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Emerging evidence shows that the mechanism of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is associated with neurotrophic factors and tight junction proteins (TJPs). It is known that there are sex differences in the pathophysiology of IBS. The aim of the present study is to determine expression levels of neurotrophic factors, TJPs, and cytokines according to IBS subtype and sex. Methods: From 59 IBS (33 IBS-constipation, 21 IBS-diarrhea, and 5 IBS-mixed) and 36 control patients, colonic mucosa mRNA expression levels of transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1), nerve growth factor (NGF), glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), and various TJPs were assessed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Western blot was performed to determine levels of zonular occludens-1 (ZO-1). Serum levels of cytokines were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: TRPV1, GDNF, and NGF mRNA levels were significantly increased in those with IBS-constipation compared to those in controls (all P < 0.05). However, they showed no significant difference between those with IBS-diarrhea and controls. Expression level of TRPV1 correlated with that of GDNF (r = 0.741, P < 0.001) and NGF (r = 0.935, P < 0.001). ZO-1 RNA expression levels were lower (P = 0.021) in female IBS-diarrhea than those in controls, although they showed no significant differences between male IBS-diarrhea and controls. Serum IL-1ß levels in female IBS were significantly higher than those of male IBS, especially in IBS-constipation (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Our results suggest that neurotrophic factors and IL-1ß are closely related to IBS-constipation and that decrease of ZO-1 is an important factor in female with IBS-diarrhea.

13.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 44(1): 80-86, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535170

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to introduce a novel approach to study the facial mimetic muscles (FMMs) in relation to the nasolabial fold (NLF) and realize the visualization of complex three-dimensional (3D) structures and spatial relationships of the FMMs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nano-computed tomography (nano-CT) and iodine staining techniques were used to obtain the two-dimensional (2D) radiographs of the FMMs. Materialise Mimics software was then used to reconstruct the 3D model of the FMMs. RESULTS: The zygomaticus major muscle (ZMM) was divided into trunk fibers and branch fibers. The trunk fibers of the ZMM were subdivided into branch fibers layer-by-layer. Adipose tissue in the cheek was not a mass of unorganized fat. It was separated and fixed by branch fibers. Moreover, the trunk fibers of the ZMM were directly connected to the levator anguli oris (LAO), not the skin. On the contrary, the ZMM was connected to the skin by its subdivided branch fibers indirectly. The muscle fibers in the modiolus were organized, rather than disorganized. In other words, the terminal of the trunk fibers of the ZMM was located in the LAO. Moreover, the terminal of the trunk fibers of the LAO was located at the terminal of the trunk fibers of the musculus depressor anguli oris at the corner of the mouth. Furthermore, the levator labii superioris alaeque nasi was not directly connected to the orbicularis oris muscle. It was connected to the combination of the LLS and the rhinaeus. CONCLUSIONS: Although nano-CT has many disadvantages, it enabled the 3D anatomical study of the FMMs in relation to the NLF when combined with iodine staining. We imported the 2D images obtained by nano-CT scanning into the Mimics software, successfully reconstructed the FMMs, and finally obtained images of complex 3D structures of the FMMs. The shapes, positions, and 3D spatial relationships of the FMMs were clearly visualized. The novel insights into the 3D anatomy of the FMMs may help understand the formation of the NLF. Finally, the results of this study may help improve the rejuvenation surgery of the NLF soon. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266.

14.
Korean J Intern Med ; 35(1): 88-98, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30791681

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Both hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) and liver stiffness (LS) are useful tools for predicting mortality in patients with cirrhosis. We investigated the combined effect of HVPG and LS on long-term mortality in patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data from 103 patients with cirrhosis, whose HVPG and LS were measured between November 2009 and September 2013. The patients were divided into four groups according to the results of the HVPG and LS measurements. Long-term mortality and the risk factors for mortality were analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 103 patients, 35 were in group 1 (low HVPG and low LS), 16 in group 2 (high HVPG and low LS), 24 in group 3 (low HVPG and high LS), and 28 in group 4 (high HVPG and high LS). Over a median follow-up of 47.3 months, 18 patients died. The mortality rate of patients in group 4 was significantly higher than in the other three groups (vs. group 1, p = 0.005; vs. group 2, p = 0.049; vs. group 3, p = 0.004), but there were no significant differences in survival between groups 1, 2, and 3. In multivariable analyses, both HVPG and LS were identified as independent risk factors for mortality (hazard ratio [HR], 1.127, p = 0.018; and HR, 1.062, p = 0.009, respectively). CONCLUSION: In patients with cirrhosis, those with concurrent elevation of HVPG and LS had the highest long-term mortality rates. However, when either HVPG or LS alone was elevated, mortality did not increase significantly.

15.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124602, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545211

RESUMO

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have been known to exhibit neurotoxicity in rats; however, the underlying mechanism remains unknown and there is no available intervention. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of oxidative and nitrosative stress in the neurotoxicity in the cerebral cortex and primary neurons in rats following the BDE-153 treatment. Compared to the untreated group, BDE-153 treatment significantly induced the neurotoxic effects in rats, as manifested by the increased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activities and cell apoptosis rates, and the decreased neurotrophic factor contents and cholinergic enzyme activities in rats' cerebral cortices and primary neurons. When compared to the untreated group, the oxidative and nitrosative stress had occurred in the cerebral cortex or primary neurons in rats following the BDE-153 treatment, as manifested by the increments in levels of reactive oxygenspecies (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO), and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) mRNA and protein expressions, along with the decline in levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, glutathione (GSH) content, and peroxiredoxin I (Prx I) and Prx II mRNA and protein expressions. In addition, the ROS scavenger N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) or NO scavenger NG-Nitro-l-arginine (L-NNA) significantly rescued the LDH leakage and cell survival, reversed the neurotrophin contents and cholinergic enzymes, mainly via regaining balance between oxidation/nitrosation and antioxidation. Overall, our findings suggested that oxidative and nitrosative stresses are involved in the neurotoxicity induced by BDE-153, and that the antioxidation is a potential targeted intervention.


Assuntos
Córtex Cerebral/patologia , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/toxicidade , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/patologia , Estresse Nitrosativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Bifenil Polibromatos/toxicidade , Acetilcisteína/farmacologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Córtex Cerebral/efeitos dos fármacos , Glutationa/metabolismo , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/metabolismo , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Fatores de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurotrofina 3/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo I/metabolismo , Estresse Nitrosativo/fisiologia , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
16.
Molecules ; 24(24)2019 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31817955

RESUMO

A capillary column coated with nanostructured silver coating was fabricated for gas chromatography. The nanostructured silver coating, about 80-120 nm in thickness, was prepared as the stationary phase via silver mirror reaction, and was characterized by SEM and EDS. The column was evaluated using different types of model analytes, including n-alkanes, n-alcohols, benzenes, and Grob mixture. A baseline separation of ten n-alkanes on the silver column (15 m × 0.20 mm i.d.) was achieved within 3.5 min through the main hydrophobic mechanism. A mixture of six n-alcohols, or another mixture containing three butanol isomers and two octanol isomers, was separated well on the column. The column separated some benzenes containing benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, p-xylene, o-xylene, styrene, benzaldehyde, and benzyl alcohol. A Grob mixture containing seven analytes was also separated successfully. Based on a multiple retention mechanism such as hydrophobic, dipole-dipole, and dipole-induced dipole interactions, the silver column achieved a good separation of twelve different types of compounds within 2.5 min. The column presented satisfactory separation repeatability with relative standard deviation of retention time between 0.073% and 0.591%. The results indicate that the silver column is promising for gas chromatographic separation.

18.
J Neurotrauma ; 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774030

RESUMO

The lack of effective therapies for moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injures (TBIs) leaves patients with lifelong disabilities. Neural stem cells (NSCs) have demonstrated great promise for neural repair and regeneration. However, direct evidence to support their use as a cell-replacement therapy for neural injuries is currently lacking. We hypothesized that NSC-derived extracellular vesicles (NSC EVs) mediate repair indirectly after TBI by enhancing neuroprotection and therapeutic efficacy of endogenous NSCs. We evaluated the short-term effects of acute intravenous injections of NSC EVs immediately following a rat TBI. Male NSC EV-treated rats demonstrated significantly reduced lesion sizes, enhanced presence of endogenous NSCs, and attenuated motor function impairments four weeks post-TBI, when compared to vehicle- and TBI-only male controls. Although statistically not significant, we observed a therapeutic effect of NSC EVs on brain lesion volume, nestin expression and behavioral recovery in female subjects. Our study demonstrates the neuroprotective and functional benefits of NSC EVs for treating TBI and points to gender-dependent effects on treatment outcomes, which requires further investigation.

19.
J Hematol Oncol ; 12(1): 122, 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31757211

RESUMO

In the original article [1], the terms 'osISET' and 'ISET' within the 'CTC capture' sub-section of the Materials and Methods section have both been replaced with 'CTCBIOPSY®'.

20.
Ann Plast Surg ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31688114

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to introduce a novel approach to study the facial mimetic muscles (FMMs) related to the nasolabial fold (NLF) and realize the visualization of complex 3-dimensional (3D) structures of the FMM. METHODS: Micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) and iodine staining technique were used to obtain the 2-dimensional radiographs of the FMM. Materialise Mimics software was then used to reconstruct the 3D model of the FMM. RESULTS: The zygomaticus major muscle was not directly connected to the orbicularis oris muscle (OOM). The terminal fibers of the zygomaticus major muscle were located in the levator anguli oris. The surface of the FMM was covered with some unknown muscle fibers in the NLF. The terminal fibers of the zygolabialis ended in the middle of the ipsilateral OOM rather than the edge of the OOM. At the same anatomical level, the FMM fibers were so closely connected to each other that they were not separated by adipose tissue. A detailed 3D sequence of the muscle fibers in the modiolus at the corner of the mouth was determined. The muscle fibers in the modiolus were organized rather than disorganized. The terminal fibers of the levator anguli oris were located at the terminal fibers of the musculus depressor anguli oris at the corner of mouth. CONCLUSIONS: Although the micro-CT had many disadvantages, the micro-CT combined with iodine staining technique enabled the 3D anatomical study of the FMM related to NLF. We imported the 2-dimensional images obtained by micro-CT scanning into Mimics software, successfully reconstructed the FMM related to the NLF, and finally obtained images of complex 3D structures of the FMM related to the NLF. The shapes, positions, and 3D spatial relationships between the FMM related to the NLF were clearly visualized. The novel insights into the 3D anatomy of the FMM related to NLF may help understand the formation of the NLF. Finally, the results of this study may help improve rejuvenation surgery of the NLF in the near future.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA