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1.
Small ; : e2001377, 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33140550

RESUMO

In this work, an L-shaped silver complex, AgLClO4 (L = 2,3-bis[3-(pyridin-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl·methyl]quinoxaline), M, is found to be adaptable enough to host a range of medium and large aromatic hydrocarbons including several polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The transformation of M from as-synthesized closed (nonporous) crystalline to at least three types of open phase structures in the presence of different aromatic hydrocarbons enables the adaptable binding of M to these aromatics. In essence, M can rearrange its cavities to fit the different sizes and shapes of the guest molecules in the manner that is infeasible with cage compounds or coordination networks. Single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction confirm the adaptable structures of the resulting host-guest complexes, M·nG (G = guest, n = 0.5 or 0.75). Detailed 1D and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance spectra, along with the fluorescence spectroscopy, reveal that the host-guest complexes feature similar chemical compositions in the solution, but are in the states of rapid exchange in and outside the cages. Such an adaptability of M provides insights into the strength of host-guest interactions and enables a new class of adsorptive molecular materials that can bind a large number of aromatics, specifically PAHs.

2.
Clin Psychol Rev ; 83: 101932, 2020 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33176244

RESUMO

To evaluate the global prevalence of antenatal depression and clarify its potential associated factors, we conducted two systematic reviews and meta-analyses, where appropriate. PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase were used to identify studies published up to Feb 28, 2019. The pooled prevalence of any antenatal depression across 173 studies with 182 reports was 20.7% (95% CI 19.4-21.9%, P = 0.000, I2 = 98.4%), and the pooled prevalence of major antenatal depression across 72 studies with 79 reports was 15.0% (95% CI 13.6-16.3%, P = 0.000, I2 = 97.8%). The prevalence of antenatal depression was higher in low- or lower-middle-income countries, and in studies using self-report instruments or conducted after the year 2010. History of depression, lack of social support, single/separated/divorced status, unplanned pregnancy, unemployment, experience of violence, and smoking before or during pregnancy were significantly associated with antenatal depression. The results of our study indicated that a significant number of pregnant women experience depression and verified some factors that are related to this disorder. As countermeasures, it is important to develop effective risk assessment strategies as well as prevention and intervention strategies for antenatal depression based on its associated factors.

3.
Animals (Basel) ; 10(11)2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33158008

RESUMO

Osthole (Ost) is an active constituent of Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cusson which possesses anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative properties. It also has estrogen-like activity and can stimulate corticosterone secretion. The present study was aimed to check the role of Ost on progesterone (P4) secretion in cultured granulosa cells obtained from hen preovulatory follicles. Different concentrations (5, 2.5, and 1.25 µg/mL) of Ost was added to granulosa cells for 6, 12, 18, and 24 h to investigate the level of progesterone secretions using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The results showed that progesterone secretion was significantly increased in cells treated with Ost at 2.5 µg/mL. Also, qRT-PCR showed that mRNA expression of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) was significantly up-regulated by Ost at 2.5 µg/mL concentration. Cytochrome P450 side-chain cleavage (P450scc) and 3ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3ß-HSD) was significantly up-regulated by Ost. However, no significant differences were observed for the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). The protein expression of StAR, P450scc and 3ß-HSD were significantly up-regulated by Ost treatment. The concentration of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and protein kinase A (PKA) in cell lysates showed no change with Ost treatment at 2.5 µg/mL by ELISA. An ROS kit showed non-significant difference in the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In conclusion, Ost treatment at a concentration of 2.5 µg/mL for 24 h had significantly up-regulated P4 secretion by elevating P450scc, 3ß-HSD and StAR at both gene and protein level in granulosa cells obtained from hen preovulatory follicles.

4.
Sci Adv ; 6(43)2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33097539

RESUMO

Leveraging the endogenous homology-directed repair (HDR) pathway, the CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing system can be applied to knock in a therapeutic gene at a designated site in the genome, offering a general therapeutic solution for treating genetic diseases such as hemoglobinopathies. Here, a combined supramolecular nanoparticle (SMNP)/supramolecular nanosubstrate-mediated delivery (SNSMD) strategy is used to facilitate CRISPR-Cas9 knockin of the hemoglobin beta (HBB) gene into the adeno-associated virus integration site 1 (AAVS1) safe-harbor site of an engineered K562 3.21 cell line harboring the sickle cell disease mutation. Through stepwise treatments of the two SMNP vectors encapsulating a Cas9•single-guide RNA (sgRNA) complex and an HBB/green fluorescent protein (GFP)-encoding plasmid, CRISPR-Cas9 knockin was successfully achieved via HDR. Last, the HBB/GFP-knockin K562 3.21 cells were introduced into mice via intraperitoneal injection to show their in vivo proliferative potential. This proof-of-concept demonstration paves the way for general gene therapeutic solutions for treating hemoglobinopathies.

5.
Hypertension ; 76(6): 1769-1777, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070662

RESUMO

Primary aldosteronism is a frequent form of endocrine hypertension caused by aldosterone overproduction from the adrenal cortex. Regulation of aldosterone biosynthesis has been studied in rodents despite differences in adrenal physiology with humans. We, therefore, investigated pig adrenal steroidogenesis, morphology, and transcriptome profiles of the zona glomerulosa (zG) and zona fasciculata in response to activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system by dietary sodium restriction. Six-week-old pigs were fed a low- or high-sodium diet for 14 days (3 pigs per group, 0.4 g sodium/kg feed versus 6.8 g sodium/kg). Plasma aldosterone concentrations displayed a 43-fold increase (P=0.011) after 14 days of sodium restriction (day 14 versus day 0). Low dietary sodium caused a 2-fold increase in thickness of the zG (P<0.001) and an almost 3-fold upregulation of CYP11B (P<0.05) compared with high dietary sodium. Strong immunostaining of the KCNJ5 (G protein-activated inward rectifier potassium channel 4), which is frequently mutated in primary aldosteronism, was demonstrated in the zG. mRNA sequencing transcriptome analysis identified significantly altered expression of genes modulated by the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in the zG (n=1172) and zona fasciculata (n=280). These genes included many with a known role in the regulation of aldosterone synthesis and adrenal function. The most highly enriched biological pathways in the zG were related to cholesterol biosynthesis, steroid metabolism, cell cycle, and potassium channels. This study provides mechanistic insights into the physiology and pathophysiology of aldosterone production in a species closely related to humans and shows the suitability of pigs as a translational animal model for human adrenal steroidogenesis.

6.
Br J Pharmacol ; 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33125704

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Retinal photodamage is a high-risk factor for age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. However, both the pathogenesis and effective therapies for retinal photodamage remain unclear and controversial. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACHES: The anti-inflammatory effects of thrombospondin-1 (THBS-1) on blue-light-induced ARPE-19 cellular inflammation and retinal inflammation were evaluated. Furthermore, the anti-angiogenic effects of THBS-1 on human microvascular endothelium cell line (hMEC-1 cells) and a laser-induced choroidal neovascularization (CNV) mouse model were evaluated. In vitro experiments, including western blotting, immunocytochemistry, migration assays, and tube formation assays, as well as in vivo experiments, including immunofluorescence, visual electrophysiology, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, and fluorescein angiography, were employed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic effects of THBS-1. KEY RESULTS: The specific effects of blue-light-induced retinal inflammation and pathological angiogenesis were reflected by an upregulation of pro-inflammatory factors and an activation of angiogenic responses, which were dominantly regulated by the NF-κB and VEGFR2 pathways, respectively. During the blue-light-induced pathological progress, RPE-derived THBS-1 was found to be significantly downregulated in proteomics and biological analyses. Interestingly, THBS-1 treatment effectively suppressed inflammatory infiltration and neovascular leakage, and the superior protective effect of THBS-1 was additionally demonstrated by a substantial rescue of visual function. Mechanically, THBS-1 was found to be capable of reversing blue-light-induced retinal inflammation and angiogenesis by blocking the activated NF-κB and VEGFR2 pathways, respectively. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: This study revealed that THBS-1, with dual anti-inflammatory and anti-neovascularization properties, is a promising agent for protection against blue-light-induced retinal damage and retinal degenerative disorders that are pathologically associated with inflammatory and angiogenic progress.

7.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 132: 110933, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33128943

RESUMO

Diabetic foot is one of the main causes of non-traumatic amputation. However, there is still lack of effective drugs to treat diabetic foot in clinical practice. Kanglexin (KLX) is a new anthraquinone compound with cardiovascular protective effects. Here we report that KLX accelerates diabetic wound healing by promoting angiogenesis via FGFR1/ERK signaling. Firstly, KM mice were injected (ip) with streptozocin to establish type 1 diabetic model. The full thickness wound with the diameter of 5 mm was prepared on the back of each mice. The wounds were treated with KLX once a day for 14 consecutive days. Results showed that KLX significantly accelerated the closure of diabetic wounds. Pathological studies of skin tissues around the wounds showed that KLX promoted the formation of granulation tissue and new blood vessels, increased collagen deposition and reduced inflammatory cell infiltration. Besides, KLX significantly alleviated advanced glycation end products (AGEs) - induced abnormal proliferation, migration and tubule formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), and up-regulated phospho-ERK1/2 both in the diabetic wound tissue and AGEs - treated HUVECs. Moreover, molecular docking results indicated that KLX had the potential to bind with FGF receptor 1 (FGFR1), and subsequent experiments confirmed that FGFR1 inhibitor PD173074 reversed the effect of KLX on promoting the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and angiogenesis, suggesting that KLX promoted angiogenesis through FGFR1/ERK signaling. In conclusion, our study provides a new effective compound for treating diabetic wounds. More importantly, KLX has the potential to be developed as a topical drug to promote diabetic wound healing.

8.
BMC Microbiol ; 20(1): 303, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33046006

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is an important and common DNA virus that infect pig and can cause immunosuppression and induce apoptosis in the infected cells. To escape the host immune system, PCV2 constantly builds up complex mechanisms or mutates genes, and that is why it is difficult to eradicate complex PCV2 infection by relying on vaccines and single compound. At present, there is few literature reports on the effective prevention and treatment of PCV2 infection by a combination of two or more compounds. Previously, we have demonstrated the anti-PCV2 effect of Matrine in vitro, but its mechanism has not been further evaluated. Literatures have proven that Osthole has a variety of pharmacological activities, and we tested the ability of Osthole to inhibit PCV2 replication in cell culture. Therefore, this study explored the synergistic antiviral effect of Matrine combined with Osthole and their synergistic anti-apoptotic mechanism. RESULTS: Osthole alone had an anti-PCV2 effect, and then its synergistic anti-PCV2 effect of Osthole and Matrine was better than that of Matrine or Osthole alone as demonstrated by qRT-PCR, IFA and Western blotting results. The anti-apoptotic mechanism of these two compounds by inducing the PERK pathway by PCV2 was elucidated through Annexin V-FITC/PI, JC-1 and Western blotting. Matrine and Osthole combination could inhibit the expression of Cap in Cap-transfected PK-15 cells, thus inhibiting Cap-induced PERK apoptosis. Ribavirin was used as a positive control. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of Osthole and Matrine had the synergistic effect of anti-PCV2 infection by directly inhibiting the expression of PCV2 Cap protein. The combination of these two compounds also inhibited PERK apoptosis induced by PCV2 Cap protein, possibly by regulating the level of GRP78. The results formed a base for further studies on the mechanism of anti-PCV2 in vivo using Matrine and Osthole combination and developing new anti-PCV2 compounds with Cap and GRP78 as therapeutic targets.

9.
Prev Med ; 141: 106262, 2020 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022320

RESUMO

Misconceptions about antibiotics among the public can potentially lead to their inappropriate use. Currently, there is no antibiotic knowledge assessment tool to address this issue. This study aimed to develop and validate an antibiotic knowledge scale (AKS) and apply this scale to assess public knowledge about antibiotics in China. An initial 18-item AKS was designed and validated among 1180 people recruited in June 2017. After removing redundant items, the reliability and validity of the AKS were examined. Subsequently, a nationwide survey was conducted, and 12,772 people were recruited using multistage sampling and surveyed using the developed AKS. A logistic regression model was used to identify the factors associated with poor knowledge about antibiotics. The final AKS included two screening items and fifteen knowledge evaluation items. Cronbach's alpha, test-retest reliability, and split-half reliability were 0.91, 0.88, and 0.89, respectively. These knowledge evaluation items were loaded in four distinct factors that explained 70.72% of cumulative variance among respondents. Using the developed AKS to assess public knowledge about antibiotics among 12,772 participants, the mean score on the AKS was 7.25 and 67% of participants had poor antibiotic knowledge, which was associated with male gender, rural residence, lower educational level, poor economic status, living in western China, and lacking education on antibiotics. The AKS demonstrated satisfactory reliability and validity in identifying the population with poor antibiotic knowledge. Importantly, the majority of participants had inadequate knowledge about antibiotics. Thus, it is necessary to conduct interventions focusing on improving public knowledge about antibiotics.

10.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 154: 538-546, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912487

RESUMO

The sulfite reductase gene in Medicago sativa L. (MsSiR) encodes sulfite reductase (SiR) and catalyses the conversion of sulfite to sulfate in the sulfite assimilation pathway. In this study, we investigated the role of MsSiR in alfalfa by generating transgenic alfalfa that ectopically expressed MsSiR under the control of the CaMV35S promoter. The differences in alkali tolerance between the MsSiR-overexpressing and wild-type (WT) plants were analyzed, and the MsSiR-overexpressing plants exhibited an improved phenotype under alkali stress. Compared to WT plants, these plants demonstrated improved antioxidant activity as well as decreased H2O2 and O2- contents and increased glutathione reduced (GSH), Cysteine (Cys) and glutathione oxidized (GSSG) contents. MsSiR-overexpressing plants also exhibited high levels of adenosyl phosphosulfate reductases (APR), sulfite oxidase (SO) and MsSiR expression under alkali stress. It was speculated that MsSiR is involved in sulfur metabolism pathways, including the stabilization of sulfate and sulfite levels and the synthesis of GSH. These two processes achieve alkali tolerance by positively regulating the detoxification and antioxidant activities of alfalfa.


Assuntos
Álcalis/efeitos adversos , Glutationa/análise , Medicago sativa , Oxirredutases atuantes sobre Doadores de Grupo Enxofre/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Antioxidantes/análise , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Medicago sativa/enzimologia , Medicago sativa/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/enzimologia , Estresse Fisiológico
11.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 14461, 2020 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879402

RESUMO

Light sheet fluorescence microscopy (LSFM) of optically cleared biological samples represents a powerful tool to analyze the 3-dimensional morphology of tissues and organs. Multimodal combinations of LSFM with additional analyses of the identical sample help to limit the consumption of restricted specimen and reduce inter-sample variation. Here, we demonstrate the proof-of-concept that LSFM of cleared brain tissue samples can be combined with Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization-Mass Spectrometry Imaging (MALDI-MSI) for detection and quantification of proteins. Samples of freshly dissected murine brain and of archived formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) human brain tissue were cleared (3DISCO). Tissue regions of interest were defined by LSFM and excised, (re)-embedded in paraffin, and sectioned. Mouse sections were coated with sinapinic acid matrix. Human brain sections were pre-digested with trypsin and coated with α-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic acid matrix. Subsequently, sections were subjected to MALDI-time-of-flight (TOF)-MSI in mass ranges between 0.8 to 4 kDa (human tissue sections), or 2.5-25 kDa (mouse tissue sections) with a lateral resolution of 50 µm. Protein- and peptide-identities corresponding to acquired MALDI-MSI spectra were confirmed by parallel liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis. The spatial abundance- and intensity-patterns of established marker proteins detected by MALDI-MSI were also confirmed by immunohistochemistry.

12.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(40): 11290-11300, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32914618

RESUMO

A novel nonapeptide DTDSEEEIR identified from Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) iron-binding peptides was used in this study to analyze its iron-binding sites and structural changes after iron coordination. The enzymatic resistance and transport of DTDSEEEIR-iron during gastrointestinal digestion and absorption as well as the relationship between the DTDSEEEIR stability and the enhancement of iron absorption were further explored. Results revealed that iron ions spontaneously bound to the carboxyl, hydroxyl, and amino groups of the DTDSEEEIR peptide, which induced the folding of DTDSEEEIR to form a more orderly structure. The DTDSEEEIR peptide remained stable to a certain extent (79.60 ± 0.19%) after gastrointestinal digestion and the coordination of iron improved the digestive stability of the DTDSEEEIR peptide (93.89 ± 1.37%). Moreover, the stability of DTDSEEEIR across intestinal epithelium had a positive effect on iron absorption, which implied that DTDSEEEIR might carry iron ions through intestinal epithelial cells.

13.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 886: 173539, 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32918874

RESUMO

Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II δ (CaMKIIδ) has been shown to play a vital role in pathological events in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury. Dysregulation of autophagy in cardiomyocytes is implicated in myocardial IR injury. Here, we examined whether CaMKIIδ inhibition could protect against myocardial IR injury through alleviating autophagy dysfunction and evaluated the potential role of CaMKIIδ in Beclin-1-dependent autophagy in ischemia/reperfused hearts. This study was performed using isolated perfused rat hearts and H9c2 cardiac myoblasts. KN-93, but not KN-92, inhibited the phosphorylation of CaMKIIδ at Thr286 and its substrate phospholamban at Thr17 besides the CaMKIIδ activity in myocardial IR. KN-93, but not KN-92 significantly improved post-ischemic cardiac function and reduced cell death. In cultured H9c2 cardiac myoblasts, KN-93 or CaMKIIδ siRNA, but not KN-92, attenuated simulated IR (SIR)-induced cell death. Moreover, CaMKIIδ inhibition could alleviate IR-induced autophagic dysfunction as evidenced in reduced levels of Atg5, p62, and LC3BII in isolated rat hearts and H9c2 cardiac myoblasts. Furthermore, co-treatment with bafilomycin A1, a lysosomal inhibitor, in CaMKII inhibition-treated cells suggested that CaMKII inhibition alleviated autophagic flux. CaMKIIδ inhibition mitigated the phosphorylation of Beclin-1 at Ser90. As expected, Beclin-1 siRNA significantly decreased the levels of Beclin-1 and Beclin-1 phosphorylation accompanied by partial reductions in Atg5, LC3BII, p62, cleaved caspase-3 and cytochrome c. However, Beclin-1 siRNA had little effect on CaMKIIδ phosphorylation. Taken together, these results demonstrated that CaMKIIδ inhibition reduced myocardial IR injury by improving autophagy dysfunction, and that CaMKIIδ-induced autophagy dysfunction partially depended on the phosphorylation of Beclin-1.

14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(15): 3603-3607, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893549

RESUMO

Osteoporosis fracture with high disability and mortality is a difficult problem that seriously affects the life quality of individuals. At present, there is still a lack of anti-osteoporosis drugs with clear target and significant efficacy in the clinical practice. Rehmanniae Radix and its prescriptions have significant clinical effects. In this regard, more and more studies have reported the effects and mechanisms of Rehmanniae Radix and its active components, and the certain research outputs have been achieved. In this article, the PubMed, Web of science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang database were searched to collect and organize the latest research progress of Rehmanniae Radix treatment of osteoporosis in the recent 10 years. We summarized the research dynamics as well as the function indexes and mechanisms of the raw and processed Rehmanniae Radix, active ingredients such as catalpol, aucubin, acteoside and Rehmanniae Radix polysaccharide, and their formulating prescriptions, and then excavated the potential active ingredients, targets and signaling pathways, including the effect on bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, promoting the osteoblast proliferation and promoting osteogenesis differentiation(increasing alkaline phosphatase, typeⅠ collagen, osteoprotegerin, and osteocalcin and promoting calcium deposits), increasing the bone density, inhibiting the osteoclast quantity and differentiation, promoting the osteoclast apoptosis, and reducing tartrate resistant acid phosphatase and bone resorption pit area to provide the reference and develop new ideas for developing Rehmanniae Radix prescriptions for treatment of osteoporosis and exploring its mechanism.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Osteoporose , Rehmannia , China , Humanos , Osteogênese
15.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e925386, 2020 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980854

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Depression is the main problem of psycho-nephrology. We aimed to investigate clinical risk factors for depression in patients with non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD). MATERIAL AND METHODS A non-dialysis CKD cohort study was conducted with 223 patients. Information on demographic and clinical parameters was collected at baseline. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaires were used to estimate depression and sleep quality in the patients. The questionnaires were repeated in 158 patients after 6 months. Logistic regression was performed to identify independent factors associated with depression and any longitudinal changes in BDI scores. RESULTS At baseline, 17 patients (7.72%) in the CKD cohort presented with depression. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that being female (odds ratio [OR] 0.319, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.108 to 0.944, P=0.039) and having lower levels of serum uric acid (SUA) (OR 0.675, 95% CI 0.469 to 0.970, P=0.034) were independent risk factors for depression. A decrease in PSQI score (OR 0.873, 95% CI 0.777 to 0.981, P=0.022) and an increase in SUA level (OR 1.383, 95% CI 1.115 to 1.715, P=0.003) were independently associated with decline in BDI scores in the patients in the 6-month follow-up group. CONCLUSIONS Lower SUA levels and being female were independent risk factors for depression in non-dialysis CKD patients. Improving sleep quality and increasing SUA levels may relieve depression to some extent.

16.
BMC Vet Res ; 16(1): 345, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32948186

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is an immunosuppressive pathogen with high prevalence rate in pig farms. It has caused serious economic losses to the global pig industry. Due to the rapid mutation of PCV2 strain and co-infection of different genotypes, vaccination could not eradicate the infection of PCV2. It is necessary to screen and develop effective new compounds and explore their anti-apoptotic mechanism. The 13 natural compounds were purchased, with a clear plant origin, chemical structure and content and specific biological activities. RESULTS: The maximum no-cytotoxic concentration (MNTC) and 50% cytotoxic concentration (CC50) of 13 tested compounds were obtained by the cytopathologic effect (CPE) assay and (3-(4,5-dimethyithiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) method in PK-15 cells. The results of qPCR and Western blot showed that, compared with the PCV2 infected group, the expression of Cap in Paeonol (0.4 mg/mL and 0.2 mg/mL), Cepharanthine (0.003 mg/mL, 0.0015 mg/mL and 0.00075 mg/mL) and Curcumin (0.02 mg/mL, 0.001 mg/mL and 0.005 mg/mL) treated groups were significantly lowered in a dose-dependent manner. The results of Annexin V-FITC/PI, JC-1, Western blot and ROS analysis showed that the expression of cleaved caspase-3 and Bax were up-regulated Bcl-2 was down-regulated in Cepharanthine or Curcumin treated groups, while ROS and MMP value were decreased at different degrees and the apoptosis rate was reduced. In this study, Ribavirin was used as a positive control. CONCLUSIONS: Paeonol, Cepharanthine and Curcumin have significant antiviral effect. And the PCV2-induced Mitochondrial apoptosis was mainly remitted by Cepharanthine and Curcumin.

17.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(7): 958-964, 2020 Jul 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895155

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effect of melatonin against myocardial ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury in isolated rat hearts and explore the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: The isolated hearts from 40 male SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=10): the control group, where the hearts were perfused with KH solution for 175 min; IR group, where the hearts were subjected to global ischemia for 45 min followed by reperfusion for 120 min; IR+melatonin (Mel+IR) group, where melatonin (5 µmol/L) was administered to the hearts 1 min before ischemia and during the first 5 min of reperfusion, followed by 115 min of reperfusion; and IR+2, 3-butanedione monoxime (IR+BDM) group, where the hearts were treated with BDM (20 mmol/L) in the same manner as melatonin treatment. Myocardial injury in the isolated hearts was assessed based on myocardial injury area, caspase-3 activity, and expressions of cytochrome C and cleaved caspase-3 proteins. Cardiac contracture was assessed using HE staining and by detecting lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity and the content of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in the coronary outflow, measurement of left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) and electron microscopy. The content of ATP in the cardiac tissue was also determined. RESULTS: Compared with those in the control group, the isolated hearts in IR group showed significantly larger myocardial injury area and higher caspase-3 activity and the protein expressions of cytochrome C and cleaved caspase-3 with significantly increased LDH activity and cTnI content in the coronary outflow and elevated LVEDP at the end of reperfusion; HE staining showed obvious fractures of the myocardial fibers and the content of ATP was significantly decreased in the cardiac tissue; electron microscopy revealed the development of contraction bands. In the isolated hearts with IR, treatment with Mel or BDM significantly reduced the myocardial injury area, caspase-3 activity, and protein expressions of cytochrome C and cleaved caspase-3, obviously inhibited LDH activity, lowered the content of cTnI and LVEDP, reduced myocardial fiber fracture, and increased ATP content in the cardiac tissue. Both Mel and BDM inhibited the formation of contraction bands in the isolated hearts with IR injury. CONCLUSIONS: Mel can alleviate myocardial IR injury in isolated rat hearts by inhibiting cardiac contracture, the mechanism of which may involve the upregulation of ATP in the cardiac myocytes to lessen the tear of membrane and reduce cell content leakage.


Assuntos
Contratura , Isquemia Miocárdica , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica , Animais , Masculino , Melatonina , Miocárdio , Miócitos Cardíacos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
18.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4489, 2020 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895384

RESUMO

We report a covalent chemistry-based hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)-specific extracellular vesicle (EV) purification system for early detection of HCC by performing digital scoring on the purified EVs. Earlier detection of HCC creates more opportunities for curative therapeutic interventions. EVs are present in circulation at relatively early stages of disease, providing potential opportunities for HCC early detection. We develop an HCC EV purification system (i.e., EV Click Chips) by synergistically integrating covalent chemistry-mediated EV capture/release, multimarker antibody cocktails, nanostructured substrates, and microfluidic chaotic mixers. We then explore the translational potential of EV Click Chips using 158 plasma samples of HCC patients and control cohorts. The purified HCC EVs are subjected to reverse-transcription droplet digital PCR for quantification of 10 HCC-specific mRNA markers and computation of digital scoring. The HCC EV-derived molecular signatures exhibit great potential for noninvasive early detection of HCC from at-risk cirrhotic patients with an area under receiver operator characteristic curve of 0.93 (95% CI, 0.86 to 1.00; sensitivity = 94.4%, specificity = 88.5%).


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/isolamento & purificação , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Vesículas Extracelulares/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Química Click/instrumentação , Química Click/métodos , Química Computacional , Simulação por Computador , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Dimetilpolisiloxanos/química , Progressão da Doença , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/instrumentação , Feminino , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Biópsia Líquida/instrumentação , Biópsia Líquida/métodos , Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas/instrumentação , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nanoestruturas/química , Nanofios/química , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/isolamento & purificação , Curva ROC , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/instrumentação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/métodos
19.
Cell Death Differ ; 2020 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32814879

RESUMO

Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) are promising candidate for regenerative medicine to repair non-healing bone defects due to their high and easy availability. However, the limited osteogenic differentiation potential greatly hinders the clinical application of ADSCs in bone repair. Accumulating evidences demonstrate that circular RNAs (circRNAs) are involved in stem/progenitor cell fate determination, but their specific role in stem/progenitor cell osteogenesis, remains mostly undescribed. Here, we show that circRNA-vgll3 originating from the vgll3 locus markedly enhances osteogenic differentiation of ADSCs; nevertheless, silencing of circRNA-vgll3 dramatically attenuates ADSC osteogenesis. Furthermore, we validate that circRNA-vgll3 functions in ADSC osteogenesis through a circRNA-vgll3/miR-326-5p/integrin α5 (Itga5) pathway. Itga5 promotes ADSC osteogenic differentiation and miR-326-5p suppresses Itga5 translation. CircRNA-vgll3 directly sequesters miR-326-5p in the cytoplasm and inhibits its activity to promote osteogenic differentiation. Moreover, the therapeutic potential of circRNA-vgll3-modified ADSCs with calcium phosphate cement (CPC) scaffolds was systematically evaluated in a critical-sized defect model in rats. Our results demonstrate that circRNA-vgll3 markedly enhances new bone formation with upregulated bone mineral density, bone volume/tissue volume, trabeculae number, and increased new bone generation. This study reveals the important role of circRNA-vgll3 during new bone biogenesis. Thus, circRNA-vgll3 engineered ADSCs may be effective potential therapeutic targets for bone regenerative medicine.

20.
Intern Emerg Med ; 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32797373

RESUMO

Irisin has been considered to reflect oxidative stress. This study aimed to show whether plasma irisin levels are correlated with hemodynamic dysfunction and predict the clinical outcome of patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). A total of 68 adult IPAH patients were prospectively recruited in the present study. Plasma irisin levels were measured by the ELISA method in enrolled IPAH patients. Baseline clinical characteristics, and hemodynamic and clinical outcome were compared according to different plasma irisin levels. IPAH patients were divided into high irisin group (irisin ≥ 7.3 µg/ml) and low irisin group (irisin < 7.3 µg/ml) according to median values of irisin levels. Total plasma cholesterol levels (P = 0.027) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels (P = 0.042) were higher in high irisin group and were positively correlated with plasma irisin levels. IPAH patients in low irisin group had a significantly higher mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP, P = 0.047), systolic pulmonary artery pressure (sPAP, P = 0.022), systolic right-ventricular pressure (sRVP, P = 0.007), mean right atrial pressure (mRAP, P = 0.043), and systolic right atrial pressure (sRAP, P = 0.020). mRAP, sRAP, and diastolic right atrial pressure (dRAP) were negatively correlated with plasma irisin levels. Low irisin group predicts adverse hemodynamic status and poor free of event survival rate (P = 0.030, log-rank test). Multivariate analysis indicates plasma irisin levels to be an independent predictor of prognosis in IPAH patients after adjusting for related covariates (HR 0.786; 95% CI 0.584, 0.957; P = 0.038). Plasma irisin levels may serve as a novel biomarker in IPAH patients for hemodynamic severity assessment and clinical outcome evaluation.

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