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1.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 101(Pt A): 108177, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626872

RESUMO

Osteoporosis, characterized by bone loss and microstructure damage, occurs when osteoclast activity outstrips osteoblast activity. Natural compounds with inhibitory effect on osteoclast differentiation and function have been evidenced to protect from osteoporosis. After multiple compounds screening, 12-deoxyphorbol 13-acetate (DPA) was found to decline RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis dose-dependently by attenuating activities of NFATc1 and c-Fos, followed by decreasing the level of osteoclast function-associated genes and proteins including Acp5, V-ATPase-d2 and CTSK. Mechanistically, we found that DPA suppressing RANKL-induced downstream signaling pathways, including MAPK signaling pathway and calcium oscillations. Furthermore, the in vivo efficacy of DPA was further confirmed in an OVX-induced osteoporosis mice model. Collectively, the results in our presentation reveal that DPA might be a promising compound to manage osteoporosis.

2.
mSystems ; : e0010021, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636671

RESUMO

Little is known regarding how community assembly and species association vary with habitat and depth. Here, we examined the assembly and association of protistan and bacterial communities across a coast-shelf-slope-basin gradient of the South China Sea using high-throughput sequencing of the V3 and V4 regions of the rRNA gene transcript. Our study revealed that homogenizing dispersal and drift exerted an influence on protistan communities comparable to that on bacterial communities. In contrast, selection and dispersal limitation exerted contrasting effects on the two microbial communities. Community assembly was governed to a greater degree by selection than by dispersal limitation in the bacterial community, and this was much lower in the protistan community. Moreover, this organismal assembly pattern was robust with habitat and depth. However, the relative importance of selection to dispersal limitation varied with habitat and depth in both communities, where horizontally it was higher offshore than nearshore and vertically it was lower in the bottom or deep chlorophyll maximum (DCM) than on the surface. The offshore possessed more microbial network complexity and more associations among microbial taxa than the nearshore, and vertically, the bottom possessed more complexity than the surface and the DCM. Moreover, temperature is strongly associated with the composition and co-occurrence of microbial communities, implying that temperature plays a dominant role in the selection of the protistan-bacterial microbiome across a coast-to-basin continuum. This study contributes to our understanding of the assembly mechanism and species association of protistan-bacterial microbiota across multiple habitats and depths. IMPORTANCE Microbial organisms play a crucial role in global nutrient cycling. Few studies have attempted to simultaneously investigate the community assembly of microeukaryotes and prokaryotes and their association patterns in oceanic waters. This is especially true regarding how they vary with habitats and depths despite the fact that they are essential for developing a more holistic understanding of marine ecosystems. This study revealed the differential actions of selection and dispersal limitation and species association across a coast-to-basin continuum on the marine protistan-bacterial microbiome. Moreover, temperature was identified as a crucial factor driving the structure and co-occurrence of protistan and bacterial communities. The results emphasize that the differences in community assembly and association patterns between nearshore and offshore of the main constituents of the ocean microbiota should be considered to understand their current and future configurations. This is especially crucial in the context of climate change, as the response of ocean microbiota to nearshore and offshore temperature changes remains unknown.

3.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(10): 4687-4697, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581111

RESUMO

To explore the influence of human activities on the Yangtze River water chemistry, water samples were obtained from a representative section the main river stem/branch in wet and normal seasons in 2016. Ion ratio analysis, principal component analysis(PCA), and chemical ion balance calculations were performed, and carbonate rock dissolution rates were determined based on carbonate and exogenous acids. The result show that HCO3-Ca is the dominant hydrochemistry type, indicating that the dissolution of carbonate rocks in the basin is the main process affecting hydrochemistry, and carbonate acid is significant in the weathering of carbonate rocks. In addition, the proportion of carbonate acid dissolution in the wet and normal seasons accounted for 60.33% and 59.14% of the total dissolution, respectively. The dissolution ratio among the different sampling points was notable, which indicates that the carbon sink effect of exogenous acid cannot be ignored. In addition, cation exchange some influence on hydrochemistry but was not the main reaction process. Compared with hydrological monitoring data for the last few years, the weathering of rocks by sulfuric and nitrate acids has strengthened, and the negative effects of anthropogenic pollution in the Yangtze River have increased.


Assuntos
Rios , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Carbonatos/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Hidrologia , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Tempo (Meteorologia)
4.
Crit Rev Eukaryot Gene Expr ; 31(4): 21-33, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587433

RESUMO

We aimed to explore the clinicopathologic and histologic characteristics, as well as the (differential) diagnosis of retroperitoneal malignant solitary fibrous tumors (RMSFTs) in this study. Nine cases of RMSFTs were recruited and identified by an experienced pathologist from the Pathology Department of Beijing Shijitan Hospital. Clinical information was extracted from medical records and obtained by phone calls. A systematic review of published literature on RMSFTs was conducted using PubMed. A pre-specified search strategy was adopted using the key words "solitary fibrous tumor" and "retroperitoneum." Case reports and literature published in the China Academic Journals (CNKI) and WAN FANG databases were also included. In total, 58 patients (33 males and 25 females) were included; their age ranged from 17 to 83 years, with a median age of 52 years. The tumor size ranged from 4 to 36 cm, and most patients had abdominal masses and pain. Of these patients, 56 underwent surgical resection, and two patients died and underwent an autopsy. All patients were followed up for up to 288 months (with a median follow-up of 36 months). RMSFTs are extremely rare. Their diagnosis mainly relies on the histological morphology and the expression profiles of a panel of pathologic molecules measured by immunohistochemistry. Diagnosis of RMSFTs is usually based on the expression of biomarkers such as vimentin, CD34, Bcl-2, CD99, and STAT6. Differential diagnosis includes spindle-shaped cell tumors, such as schwannoma, gastrointestinal stromal tumors, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, synovial sarcoma, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors, and fibrosarcoma. RMSFTs are prone to recur and even metastasize. Complete resection remains a major treatment, and close follow-up is highly recommended.

5.
Talanta ; 235: 122747, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517615

RESUMO

Microchip capillary electrophoresis (MCE) is a powerful technique for rapid separation; however, its acceptance in routine laboratories is still limited. Compromises caused by the efforts for solving different problems, such as reducing its cost of fabrication and ensuring high separation efficiency, undermine the competitiveness of this technology compared to other separation techniques. Contrary to the conventional pursuit of narrow microchannels, this study investigated the suitability of microchips with channels at the sub-millimeter level, targeting the simplification of the overall operation, cost reduction, and robustness improvement. To this effect, we considered the influence of pressurized flow and Joule heating on the separation. The suppression of pressurized flow with viscous solutions was confirmed through a combination of simulations and experimental results, indicating that the buffer viscosity was enough for successful separation. We fabricated channels of 200 µm × 230 µm using computer numerical controlled (CNC) machining and obtained theoretical plate numbers of 4.8 × 105 m-1 and 5.3 × 105 m-1 for fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) labeled small molecules and DNA fragments, respectively, with a buffer viscosity of 168 mPa s (0.5 % hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, HPMC). These values are comparable with that of narrow-bore microchips. Furthermore, we did not observe any deleterious effects with low-conductivity buffers. We investigated the rapid and highly sensitive detection of mycoplasma contamination and the real samples of circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA), which gave a limit of detection (LOD) as low as 2.3 ng mL-1. Owing to the significant reduction in cost, ease of operation, and fast separation capabilities demonstrated in this work, MCE can be a viable alternative to the usual slab gel electrophoresis running in most biological laboratories.


Assuntos
Eletroforese em Microchip , DNA , Eletroforese Capilar , Derivados da Hipromelose , Limite de Detecção
6.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 278, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530849

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We conducted a study to explore the relationship between pathological cytomorphologic features and the percentage of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive cells to better predict pulmonary adenocarcinoma prognosis with crizotinib treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We investigated 60 cases of patients with ALK-positive advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Immunohistochemistry was performed to screen for ALK rearrangement. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to detect the percentage of ALK-positive cells. The primary objectives of the study were the progression-free survival (PFS), the 3-year overall survival, and the 3-year overall survival (OS) rates. The secondary objectives of the study were the disease control rate (DCR) and the overall response rate (ORR). RESULTS: We compared the pathological cytomorphologic features of 60 cases of ALK-positive pulmonary adenocarcinoma, of which 21 cases were ALK-positive with signet ring cell cytomorphologic characteristics. There were statistical differences in the ORR (p = 0.019), DCR (p = 0.032), and PFS (p = 0.047) between the signet ring cell group and group without signet ring cells. Of these, 37 cases were ALK-positive with EML4 (echinoderm microtubule associated protein like 4)-ALK high percentage of positivity group. These cases benefited more from crizotinib treatment in the ORR (p = 0.046) and achieved a longer PFS (p = 0.036) compared to those with EML4-ALK low percentage of positivity group. CONCLUSIONS: Signet ring cell cytomorphologic characteristics of pulmonary adenocarcinoma are associated with the percentage of ALK-positive cells. Signet ring cell cytomorphologic characteristics and the percentage of ALK-positive cells might predict the prognosis of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with crizotinib treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board (Medical Ethics Committee of Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital). The registration number is NO.2016[193].


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases
7.
Brain Stimul ; 14(5): 1356-1372, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482000

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Visual cortical prostheses (VCPs) have the potential to restore visual function to patients with acquired blindness. Successful implementation of VCPs requires the ability to reliably map the location of the phosphene produced by stimulation of each implanted electrode. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of different approaches to phosphene mapping and propose simple improvements to mapping strategy. METHODS: We stimulated electrodes implanted in the visual cortex of five blind and fifteen sighted patients. We tested two fixation strategies, unimanual fixation, where subjects placed a single index finger on a tactile fixation point and bimanual fixation, where subjects overlaid their right index finger over their left on the tactile point. In addition, we compared absolute mapping in which a single electrode was stimulated on each trial, and relative mapping with sequences containing stimulation of three to five phosphenes on each trial. Trial-to-trial variability present in relative mapping sequences was quantified. RESULTS: Phosphene mapping was less precise in blind subjects than in sighted subjects (2DRMS, 16 ± 2.9° vs. 1.9 ± 0.93°; t (18) = 18, p = <0.001). Within blind subjects, bimanual fixation resulted in more consistent phosphene localization than unimanual fixation (BS1: 4.0 ± 2.6° vs. 19 ± 4.7°, t (79) = 24, p < 0.001; BS2 4.1 ± 2.0° vs. 12 ± 2.7°, t (65) = 19, p < 0.001). Multi-point relative mapping had similar baseline precision to absolute mapping (BS1: 4.7 ± 2.6° vs. 3.9 ± 2.0°; BS2: 4.1 ± 2.0° vs. 3.2 ± 1.1°) but improved significantly when trial-to-trial translational variability was removed. Although multi-point mapping methods did reveal more of the functional organization expected in early visual cortex, subjects tended to artificially regularize the spacing between phosphenes. We attempt to address this issue by fitting a standard logarithmic map to relative multi-point sequences. CONCLUSIONS: Relative mapping methods, combined with bimanual fixation, resulted in the most precise estimates of phosphene organization. These techniques, combined with use of a standard logarithmic model of visual cortex, may provide a practical way to improve the implementation of a VCP.

8.
Exp Neurol ; 346: 113861, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499902

RESUMO

Nitro-oleic acid (OA-NO2), a nitroalkene formed in nitric oxide-dependent oxidative reactions, has been found in human plasma and is thought to regulate pathophysiological functions. Recently, accumulating evidence suggests that OA-NO2 may function as an anti-inflammatory mediator, and ameliorate the progression of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. However, the role of OA-NO2 in ischemic brain injury remains unexplored. In this study, C57BL/6 mice were subjected to 1 h transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and followed by 1- 7 days of reperfusion. These mice were treated with vehicle, OA, or OA-NO2 (10 mg/kg) via tail vein injection at 2 h after the onset of MCAO. Our results show that intravenous administration of OA-NO2 led to reduced BBB leakage in ischemic brains, reduced brain infarct, and improved sensorimotor functions in response to ischemic insults when compared to OA and vehicle controls. Also, OA-NO2 significantly reduced BBB leakage-triggered infiltration of neutrophils and macrophages in the ischemic brains. Moreover, OA-NO2 treatment reduced the M1-type microglia and increased M2-type microglia. Mechanistically, OA-NO2 alleviated the decline of mRNA and protein level of major endothelial TJs including ZO-1 in stroke mice. Treatment of OA-NO2 also significantly inhibited stroke-induced inflammatory mediators, iNOS, E-selectin, P-selectin, and ICAM1, in mouse brains. In conclusion, OA-NO2 preserves BBB integrity and confers neurovascular protection in ischemic brain damage. OA-NO2-mediated brain protection may help us to develop a novel therapeutic strategy for the treatment of ischemic stroke.

9.
Psychiatry Res ; 305: 114205, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551381

RESUMO

The relationship between thyroid function and depression has long been recognized, but little is known about the effect of thyroid function on the risk of readmission after hospitalization for major depressive disorder (MDD). This retrospective cohort study was aimed to explore the effect of thyroid function on psychiatric readmission after hospitalization for MDD. Data was derived from electronic medical records (EMR) of the Shanghai Mental Health Center (SMHC), Shanghai, China. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted in subjects aged ≥ 18 years who had been hospitalized for MDD between January 1, 2007, and May 31, 2019. Of the 1803 eligible patients, 85 and 132 patients experienced psychiatric readmission within 90 days and 180 days after discharge respectively. Multivariate analyses showed that serum FT3 level (aOR=1.271; 95%CI=1.051-1.537) and comorbidity of thyroid disease (aOR=2,179; 95%CI=1.136-4.179) was independently associated with the risk of 90-day and 180-day readmission respectively. These findings indicated that high serum FT3 levels and comorbidity of thyroid disease could increase the risk of readmission after hospitalization for MDD. It is warranted to provide routine assessment and intervention of the thyroid function during the treatment of depression so as to prevent re-hospitalization.

10.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 47(11): 3101-3110, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362583

RESUMO

Axillary strategy decisions have become more complex and controversial in considering minimally traumatic therapy instead of sentinel lymph node biopsy, axillary lymph node dissection or regional nodal irradiation for people with breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to noninvasively predict sentinel lymph node (SLN) and non-sentinel lymph node (NSLN) status based on pre-operative sonographic and clinicopathologic features to determine optimal decisions regarding axillary therapy. In total, 701 patients with breast cancer from two independent centers were retrospectively analyzed. The SLN model (SLNM) for predicting SLN status and the NSLN model (NSLNM) for predicting NSLN status were trained based on a training set using the random-forest algorithm, and their performance was validated using an independent external test set. A receiver operating characteristic curve was drawn to obtain the area under the curve, which was used to assess performance. The area under the curve for the SLNM in the training and test, respectively, was 94.2% and 83.0%, and for the NSLNM, 99.5% and 92.7%. The SLNM and NSLNM accurately predicted that 61.46% (319/519) and 17.53% (91/519), respectively, of our participants were non-metastatic. The overall benefit of the three models was 78.99% in our participants. The two models for predicting SLN and NSLN status showed excellent application potential in optimizing axillary strategies.

11.
Environ Pollut ; 287: 117641, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426384

RESUMO

Salinity is a limiting factor in the growth of plants in coastal wetlands. The interaction of halophytes with salt-tolerant endophytes has been one of the major concerns in this area. However, the mechanism by which endophytes promote halophyte growth remains unclear. The growth and physiological responses of Suaeda salsa inoculated with endophytic bacteria (Sphingomonas prati and Sphingomonas zeicaulis) at 0 ‰ and 20 ‰ NaCl were studied. The results showed that Sphingomonas zeicaulis had stronger positive effects on the growth of Suaeda salsa under 0 ‰ NaCl, and Sphingomonas prati performed better under 20 ‰ NaCl. Sphingomonas prati inoculation increased the mean height, root length, fresh weight and dry weight by 45.43%, 9.91%, 82.00% and 102.25%, respectively, compared with the uninoculated treatment at 20 ‰ NaCl. Sphingomonas prati inoculation decreased MDA content by 23.78%, while the soluble sugar and soluble protein contents increased by 15.08% and 12.57%, respectively, compared to the control, at 20 ‰ NaCl. Increases in SOD and CAT in the Sphingomonas prati inoculation were 1.03 and 1.47-fold greater, respectively, than in the Sphingomonas zeicaulis inoculation, under 20 ‰ NaCl. Moreover, Sphingomonas prati and Sphingomonas zeicaulis had antagonistic interactions in Suaeda salsa according to the results of the "interaction equation" (most G values were negative). PCA, clustering analysis and the PLS model revealed two mechanisms for regulating plant salt tolerance by which Sphingomonas prati enhanced Suaeda salsa growth: (1) Sphingomonas prati improved intracellular osmotic metabolism and (2) Sphingomonas prati promoted the production of CAT in the antioxidant enzyme system and retained permeability. This study provides new insight into the comprehensive understanding and evaluation of endophytic bacteria as biological inoculants in plants under salt stress.


Assuntos
Chenopodiaceae , Tolerância ao Sal , Bactérias , Plantas Tolerantes a Sal , Sphingomonas , Áreas Alagadas
12.
Pharmacol Res ; 172: 105814, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34450313

RESUMO

Cervical cancer is one of the common malignancies in women, which is characterized with high invasion and metastatic tendency in its advanced stage. Increasing evidence indicates that methyltransferase-like (METTL) gene family is involved in the progression of various cancers. However, the functional role of methyltransferase-like gene family in cervical cancer remains unclear. In the present study, we found that METTL11A, a member of the methyltransferase-like gene family, was significantly over-expressed in cervical carcinoma by analyzing TCGA database. This finding was further validated in clinical tissue samples. Moreover, ectopic expression of METTL11A in cervical cancer cell lines promoted cell proliferation and migration both in vitro and in vivo. Differential gene expression analysis in the transcriptomic sequencing data indicated that ELK3 was down-regulated in METTL11A-silenced cervical cancer cells, which was further verified at both protein and mRNA levels. Functional experiments identified that METTL11A promoted migration of cervical cancer cells in an ELK3-dependent manner. This study will promote understanding the mechanism of cervical cancer progression and the functional role of methyltransferase-like gene families in cancers.

13.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0255948, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34411147

RESUMO

Image segmentation is a fundamental task in image processing and is still a challenging problem when processing images with high noise, low resolution and intensity inhomogeneity. In this paper, a weighted region-based level set method, which is based on the techniques of local statistical theory, level set theory and curve evolution, is proposed. Specifically, a new weighted pressure force function (WPF) is first presented to flexibly drive the closed contour to shrink or expand outside and inside of the object. Second, a faster and smoother regularization term is added to ensure the stability of the curve evolution and that there is no need for initialization in curve evolution. Third, the WPF is integrated into the region-based level set framework to accelerate the speed of the curve evolution and improve the accuracy of image segmentation. Experimental results on medical and natural images demonstrate that the proposed segmentation model is more efficient and robust to noise than other state-of-the-art models.

14.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 913, 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380457

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although spread through air spaces (STAS) is a robust biomarker in surgically resected lung cancer, its application to biopsies is challenging. Moreover, limited resection is not an effective treatment for STAS-positive lung adenocarcinoma. This study aimed to identify histologic features from preoperative percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsies (PTNBs) to predict STAS status in the subsequently resected specimens, and thus help in selecting the surgical extent. METHODS: Between January 2014 and December 2015, 111 PTNB specimens and subsequent resection specimens from consecutive lung adenocarcinoma patients were retrospectively examined. Histopathologic features of PTNB specimens and presence of STAS in subsequent resection specimens were evaluated and correlations between them were analyzed statistically. RESULTS: The study participants had a mean age of 59 years (range, 35-81) and included 50 men and 61 women. Thirty-six patients were positive for STAS whereas 75 were negative. The micropapillary/solid histologic subtypes of lung adenocarcinoma (26 of 39; 66.7%; P <  0.001), necrotic/tumor debris (31 of 42; 73.8%; P <  0.001), intratumoral budding (ITB) (20 of 33; 60.6%; P <  0.001), desmoplasia (35 of 41; 85.4%; P <  0.001), and grade 3 nuclei (12 of 14; 85.7%; P <  0.001) were more common in STAS-positive tumors. Micropapillary/solid histologic subtype (OR, 1.35; 95% CI: 1.06, 1.67), ITB (OR, 1.64; 95% CI: 1.09, 2.83), desmoplasia (OR, 1.83; 95% CI: 1.36, 3.12), and N stage (N1 stage: OR, 1.37; 95% CI: 1.19, 1.87) (N2 stage: OR, 1.29; 95% CI: 1.07, 1.73) were independent predictors of STAS. CONCLUSIONS: Micropapillary/solid histologic subtype, ITB, and desmoplasia in preoperative PTNB specimens were independently associated with STAS in the subsequent resection specimens. Therefore, these can predict STAS and may help to optimize therapeutic planning.

15.
Ophthalmic Genet ; : 1-6, 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445920

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) is a rare retinal disorder characterised by incomplete retinal vascular development. Symptoms vary widely from none to blindness even within the same family. Multiple genes related to the Wnt pathway have been found to be associated with FEVR. Recent studies identified tetraspanin 12 (TSPAN12) as a cause of the autosomal dominant inheritance form of FEVR. Here, we describe a novel TSPAN12 mutation in a Chinese family with FEVR. METHODS: Targeted next-generation sequencing was performed on the proband to define the TSPAN12 mutation. Sanger sequencing was used to confirm the mutation in five family members (I-1, II-2, II-3, II-4, and III-3) in a three-generation FEVR pedigree. Ophthalmologic examinations and diagnostic imaging related to FEVR were performed. RESULTS: The proband (II-3) was a 32-year-old man with early-stage peripheral retinal vascular anomalies, but no visual acuity problems. DNA sequencing identified a heterozygous missense mutation (c.241 G > A: p.Gly81Arg) in TSPAN12 in the proband. The mutation was in a highly conserved region and was predicted to affect the normal protein structure. The patient's father and daughter were also diagnosed with FEVR and carried the same mutation, with varying degrees of manifestations. Other family members had good vision and normal eye examinations with negative genetic testing. CONCLUSIONS: We identified a novel missense mutation in TSPAN12 associated with autosomal dominant FEVR. These results will facilitate the diagnosis, prognosis, and genetic counselling for this disease. Further studies are needed to identify the mechanisms underlying clinical variations among individuals in the family.

16.
J Clin Periodontol ; 48(10): 1293-1301, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219259

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the outcomes of an apically repositioned flap (ARF) plus xenogeneic collagen matrix (XCM) in augmenting keratinized mucosa width (KMW) around dental implants when compared with ARF plus free gingival grafts (FGG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six participants with at least one site with KMW ≤2 mm were randomized into FGG or XCM group. Clinical examinations were performed at baseline and at 2 and 6 months after surgery, including KMW, keratinized mucosa thickness, gingival index (GI), and probing depth (PD). Post-operative pain and patient satisfaction were also evaluated. RESULTS: At 6 months, FGG attained a greater increase of KMW and thicker mucosa than XCM (4.1 ± 1.6 mm vs. 1.8 ± 1.0 mm, p < .001; 1.7 ± 0.6 mm vs. 1.2 ± 0.3 mm, p < .01). Regarding GI, PD, post-operative pain, aesthetic outcomes, and patient satisfaction, no significant difference could be detected. Moreover, the operation time of XCM group was shorter (60 ± 9 min vs. 39 ± 8 min, p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: FGG could result in greater increase of KMW than XCM, though both could increase KMW, maintain peri-implant health, and attain comparable aesthetic outcomes. The use of XCM was associated with reduced operation time.

17.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 15(7): e0009520, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264939

RESUMO

Q fever is a worldwide zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetii (Cb). From January 2018 to November 2019, plasma samples from 2,382 patients with acute fever of unknown cause at a hospital in Zhuhai city of China were tested using metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS). Of those tested, 138 patients (5.8%) were diagnosed with Q fever based on the presence of Cb genomic DNA detected by mNGS. Among these, 78 cases (56.5%) presented from Nov 2018 to Mar 2019, suggesting an outbreak of Q fever. 55 cases with detailed clinical information that occurred during the outbreak period were used for further analysis. The vast majority of plasma samples from those Cb-mNGS-positive patients were positive in a Cb-specific quantitative polymerase chain reaction (n = 38) and/or indirect immunofluorescence assay (n = 26). Mobile phone tracing data was used to define the area of infection during the outbreak. This suggested the probable infection source was Cb-infected goats and cattle at the only official authorized slaughterhouse in Zhuhai city. Phylogenic analysis based on genomic sequences indicated Cb strains identified in the patients, goat and cattle were formed a single branch, most closely related to the genomic group of Cb dominated by strains isolated from goats. Our study demonstrates Q fever was epidemic in 2018-2019 in Zhuhai city, and this is the first confirmed epidemic of Q fever in a contemporary city in China.

18.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 193, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34193155

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is a highly malignant sarcoma that occurs in the abdominopelvic cavities of adolescents. The accurate diagnosis of DSRCT is challenging owing to limited literatures. Our study aimed to investigate the relationship between clinicopathological features and prognosis in patients with DSRCTs. METHODS: Data of 8 patients with DSRCT originating from the abdominal cavity were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical manifestations, pathological characteristics, treatment approaches, and prognosis were analyzed. The histopathological (identified using hematoxylin-eosin staining), immunohistochemical, and molecular diagnostic (using fluorescence in situ hybridization) features were also reviewed. RESULTS: All patients were male aged between 24 and 45 years (median age, 30 years). The main clinical symptoms included abdominal distension, abdominal pain, and constipation. Seven of the 8 patients developed metastases to either distant organs or lymph nodes. Multiple gray nodules with diameters of 1-10 cm and poorly defined boundaries were scattered throughout the omentum and mesentery. Histopathological examination demonstrated well-defined nests composed of small round blue cells separated by markedly desmoplastic stroma. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed positive expressions of desmin, vimentin and C-terminal of Wilm's tumor suppressor (WT-1). The Ewing sarcoma breakpoint region 1 gene fused with WT1 (EWSR1-WT1) gene fusion was detected in all patients. Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) was performed in 6 patients. Follow-up period ranged from 7.5 to 28.5 months with a median of 17.2 months. Three patients died during follow-up. CONCLUSION: DSRCT is highly aggressive and presents distinctive morphological features. CRS is the essential therapy for DSRCT. A test for the combined expression of desmin, cytokeratins, and C-terminal of WT-1, as well as the analysis of morphologic features, might be helpful during DSRCT diagnosis, and the EWSR1-WT1 gene fusion is the gold standard for definitive diagnosis. Our work will provide new insights into the diagnosis and treatment of DSRCTs.


Assuntos
Tumor Desmoplásico de Pequenas Células Redondas , Neoplasias Renais , Adolescente , Adulto , Tumor Desmoplásico de Pequenas Células Redondas/diagnóstico , Tumor Desmoplásico de Pequenas Células Redondas/genética , Tumor Desmoplásico de Pequenas Células Redondas/terapia , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 138: 111543, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34311538

RESUMO

Acute lung injury (ALI) is a severe lung disease with limited therapeutic strategies. Munronoid I, a limonoid, which is extracted and purified from Munronia sinica, exhibits effective anti-neoplastic activities. In this study, we attempted to determine the anti-inflammatory effects of Munronoid I using both the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced in vivo murine ALI models and in vitro assays. Our results demonstrated that Munronoid I treatment ameliorated LPS-induced ALI and inflammation in mice. Moreover, it also significantly inhibited LPS-induced pathological injuries, infiltration of inflammatory cells, and production of IL-1ß and IL-6. Furthermore, the in vitro assay showed that Munronoid I could inhibit the LPS-induced expression of inflammatory mediators such as iNOS, COX2, and production of pro-inflammatory cytokines by suppressing the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway in mouse peritoneal macrophages. Munronoid I reduced the LPS-, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α)- or interleukin 1 beta (IL-1ß)-induced transforming growth factor beta-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) phosphorylation and protein expression. Furthermore, the Munronoid I also promoted K48-linked ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of TAK1. Taken together, these results demonstrated that Munronoid I exhibited anti-inflammatory activities both in vitro and in vivo, which might be a potential therapeutic candidate for the treatment of ALI and pulmonary inflammation.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/prevenção & controle , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Limoninas/farmacologia , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinases/metabolismo , Macrófagos Peritoneais/efeitos dos fármacos , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/enzimologia , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/patologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Limoninas/isolamento & purificação , Lipopolissacarídeos , Pulmão/enzimologia , Pulmão/patologia , Macrófagos Peritoneais/enzimologia , Macrófagos Peritoneais/patologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Proteólise , Ubiquitinação
20.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 12636, 2021 06 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34135395

RESUMO

Extrinsic factors, endocrine mechanisms, and behavioral indicators of migratory restlessness were studied in wintering whooper swans (Cygnus cygnus) in the Sanmenxia Swan National Wetland Park in western Henan Province, central China. First, the fecal glucocorticoid metabolite (FGM) concentration was established and related to mean air temperature or photo period (day length) using simple linear or non-linear regression models. After a model selection procedure, the best fitted model revealed that an increase of FGM concentration was associated with an increase in the squared mean air temperature (R2 = 0.88). Other models showed an increasing FGM concentration to correspond with increasing values of day length, squared day length, and mean air temperature-however without statistical support. In a second step, behavioral frequencies of seven behaviors were condensed into three behavioral principal components (PCs) using principal components analysis. Behavioral PCs largely corresponded to three activity phases described for wintering whooper swans in central China and were correlated with the FGM concentration using Spearman's rank-order correlations. Results revealed a significant correlation between FGM and behavioral PC2 (positive factor loadings from vigilance and preening, negative loading from foraging). Finally, we tested for an effect of behavioral PCs on changes in winter home range size using a set of multiple linear regression models. Results of averaged model parameter estimates showed only the behavioral PC3 (positive factor loadings from fighting and calling, negative loading from locomotion) had a marginal significant effect on home range size. Results confirmed findings of previous studies on migratory restlessness in whooper swans. However, due to the small sample size (N = 15 weeks) the effect of PC3 on home range size was weak and should be viewed with caution.

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