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1.
Inflammation ; 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31950322

RESUMO

In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of the spirocyclopiperazinium salt compound LXM-15 on rheumatoid arthritis induced by complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) in rats and investigate the underlying mechanism. The results showed that LXM-15 significantly inhibited the paw edema and ankle swelling, and alleviated the mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia responses in the CFA rats. The histopathological results revealed that LXM-15 ameliorated the infiltration of inflammatory cells and joint destruction. The micro-CT scan showed that LXM-15 alleviated bone erosion and increased BMD in the ankle joints of the CFA rats. Western blot analyses showed that LXM-15 significantly reduced the upregulation of phospho-JAK2, phospho-STAT3, phospho-IκBα, and phospho-NF-κBp65, and the overexpression of BDNF in the dorsal root ganglions. ELISA result showed that the protein level of TNF-α in the paw tissue was decreased upon LXM-15 treatment. RT-PCR analysis showed that the mRNA expression levels of c-fos and BDNF were reduced in the dorsal root ganglions by LXM-15 treatment. The LXM-15-mediated anti-arthritic effects were abolished by treatment with hexamethonium (a peripheral nicotinic receptor antagonist), atropine methylnitrate (a peripheral muscarinic receptor antagonist), methyllycaconitine citrate (a selective α7 nicotinic receptor antagonist), and tropicamide (a selective M4 muscarinic receptor antagonist). Collectively, our results demonstrate that LXM-15 exerts anti-arthritic effects in CFA rats. The underlying mechanism may be related to the activation of the peripheral α7 nicotinic receptor and M4 muscarinic receptor by LXM-15, further suppressing the activation of the JAK2/STAT3 and IκBα/NF-κBp65 signaling pathways and, eventually, inhibiting the expression levels of TNF-α, BDNF, and c-fos.

2.
BMJ ; 368: l6669, 2020 01 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915124

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine how a healthy lifestyle is related to life expectancy that is free from major chronic diseases. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The Nurses' Health Study (1980-2014; n=73 196) and the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (1986-2014; n=38 366). MAIN EXPOSURES: Five low risk lifestyle factors: never smoking, body mass index 18.5-24.9, moderate to vigorous physical activity (≥30 minutes/day), moderate alcohol intake (women: 5-15 g/day; men 5-30 g/day), and a higher diet quality score (upper 40%). MAIN OUTCOME: Life expectancy free of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. RESULTS: The life expectancy free of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer at age 50 was 23.7 years (95% confidence interval 22.6 to 24.7) for women who adopted no low risk lifestyle factors, in contrast to 34.4 years (33.1 to 35.5) for women who adopted four or five low risk factors. At age 50, the life expectancy free of any of these chronic diseases was 23.5 (22.3 to 24.7) years among men who adopted no low risk lifestyle factors and 31.1 (29.5 to 32.5) years in men who adopted four or five low risk lifestyle factors. For current male smokers who smoked heavily (≥15 cigarettes/day) or obese men and women (body mass index ≥30), their disease-free life expectancies accounted for the lowest proportion (≤75%) of total life expectancy at age 50. CONCLUSION: Adherence to a healthy lifestyle at mid-life is associated with a longer life expectancy free of major chronic diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Estilo de Vida Saudável/fisiologia , Expectativa de Vida , Neoplasias , Comportamento de Redução do Risco , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Índice de Massa Corporal , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Doenças Cardiovasculares/psicologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/prevenção & controle , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/psicologia , Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias/psicologia , Pesquisa em Enfermagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Fumar
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31924561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To reduce their overall substantially increased risk of cardiovascular disease and premature mortality, smoking cessation is especially important for people with diabetes. However, the effect of weight change after quitting smoking on the long-term health consequences of smoking cessation is unclear. We aimed to examine smoking cessation and subsequent weight change in relation to incident cardiovascular disease events and mortality among adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: In this population-based cohort study, we analysed data from people with type 2 diabetes from two prospective cohorts in the USA: the Nurses' Health Study (1976-2014) and the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (1986-2014). We included participants from both cohorts who either had prevalent type 2 diabetes or were diagnosed during the study, and who were either current smokers or never smokers without cardiovascular disease or cancer at diagnosis of diabetes. Information on demographics, newly diagnosed diseases, medical history, and lifestyle factors, including smoking status and weight change, was updated every 2 years through validated questionnaires. We assessed the incidence of cardiovascular disease and all-cause and cause-specific mortality among recent quitters (within 6 years of stopping) and long-term quitters (>6 years) associated with weight change within 6 years of smoking cessation among people with type 2 diabetes. We did a multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazard models to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for the associations of smoking cessation and weight change on the outcomes. FINDINGS: Of 173 229 total cohort participants (121 700 from the Nurses' Health Study and 51 529 from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study), 10 809 people with type 2 diabetes were included in the incident cardiovascular disease analysis and 9688 were included in the mortality analysis. 2580 incident cases of cardiovascular disease occurred during 153 166 person-years of follow-up, and 3827 deaths occurred during 152 811 person-years of follow-up. Recent quitters (2-6 consecutive years since smoking cessation) without weight gain within the first 6 years of quitting had a significantly lower risk of cardiovascular disease than people who continued to smoke (multivariable-adjusted HR 0·83 [95% CI 0·70-0·99] among all recent quitters, 0·77 [0·62-0·95] among recent quitters without weight gain, 0·99 [0·70-1·41] among recent quitters with weight gain of 0·1-5·0 kg, 0·89 [0·65-1·23] among recent quitters with weight gain of >5·0 kg, and 0·72 [0·61-0·84] among longer-term quitters [>6 consecutive years since smoking cessation]). Weight gain within 6 years after smoking cessation did not attenuate the inverse relation between long-term cessation and all-cause mortality (multivariable-adjusted HR 0·69 [95% CI 0·58-0·82] among long-term quitters without weight gain, 0·57 [0·45-0·71] among long-term quitters with weight gain of 0·1-5·0 kg, and 0·51 [0·42-0·62] among long-term quitters with weight gain of >5·0 kg), with similar results observed for cardiovascular disease and cancer mortality. INTERPRETATION: Smoking cessation without subsequent weight gain is associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality among smokers with type 2 diabetes. Weight gain after smoking cessation attenuates the reduction in risk of developing cardiovascular disease, but does not attenuate the beneficial effect of smoking cessation with respect to mortality. These findings confirm the overall health benefits of quitting smoking among people with type 2 diabetes, but also emphasise the importance of weight management after smoking cessation to maximise its health benefits. FUNDING: US National Institutes of Health.

4.
Environ Health ; 19(1): 5, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931806

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The associations of perfluoroalkyl substance (PFAS) exposure with blood lipids and lipoproteins are inconsistent, and existing studies did not account for metabolic heterogeneity of lipoprotein subspecies. This study aimed to examine the associations between plasma PFAS concentrations and lipoprotein and apolipoprotein subspecies. METHODS: The study included 326 men and women from the 2-year Prevention of Obesity Using Novel Dietary Strategies (POUNDS) Lost randomized trial. Five PFASs, including perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorohexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), and perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA), were measured in plasma at baseline. For lipoprotein and apolipoprotein subspecies, total plasma was fractionated first by apolipoprotein (apo) C-III content and then by density. Each subfraction was then measured for apoB, apoC-III, and apoE concentrations, as well as triglyceride and cholesterol contents, both at baseline and at 2 years. RESULTS: For lipids and apolipoproteins in total plasma at baseline, elevated plasma PFAS concentrations were significantly associated with higher apoB and apoC-III concentrations, but not with total cholesterol or triglycerides. After multivariate adjustment of lifestyle factors, lipid-lowering medication use, and dietary intervention groups, PFAS concentrations were primarily associated with lipids or apolipoprotein concentrations in intermediate-to-low density lipoprotein (IDL + LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) that contain apoC-III. Comparing the highest and lowest tertiles of PFOA, the least-square means (SE) (mg/dl) were 4.16 (0.4) vs 3.47 (0.4) for apoB (P trend = 0.04), 2.03 (0.2) vs 1.66 (0.2) for apoC-III (P trend = 0.04), and 8.4 (0.8) vs 6.8 (0.8) for triglycerides (P trend = 0.03) in IDL + LDL fraction that contains apoC-III. For HDL that contains apoC-III, comparing the highest and lowest tertiles of PFOA, the least-square means (SE) (mg/dl) of apoC-III were 11.9 (0.7) vs 10.4 (0.7) (P trend = 0.01). In addition, elevated PFNA and PFDA concentrations were also significantly associated with higher concentrations of apoE in HDL that contains apoC-III (P trend< 0.01). Similar patterns of associations were demonstrated between baseline PFAS concentrations and lipoprotein subspecies measured at 2 years. Baseline PFAS levels were not associated with changes in lipoprotein subspecies during the intervention. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that plasma PFAS concentrations are primarily associated with blood lipids and apolipoproteins in subspecies of IDL, LDL, and HDL that contain apoC-III, which are associated with elevated cardiovascular risk in epidemiological studies. Future studies of PFAS-associated cardiovascular risk should focus on lipid subfractions.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31913559

RESUMO

Corroles have garnered enormous attention due to their outstanding properties and promising potential in various applications. However, the construction of corrole-functionalized porous crystalline materials such as covalent organic frameworks (COFs), which provide a versatile platform for assembling organic units into robust networks with atomic precision and long-range order, remains lacking. Herein, for the first time, we present the successful synthesis of a novel two-dimensional corrole-based COF (TPAPC-COF) by reacting the unusual approximately T-shaped 5,10,15-Tris(p-aminophenyl)corrole H3TPAPC with terephthalaldehyde, which adopts desymmetric hcb topology and consists of staggered AB stacking structure with elliptical pores. The resultant corrole-based COF exhibits high crystallinity and excellent chemical stability. Integration of extended π-conjugated backbone and interlayer noncovalent π-π interaction endows TPAPC-COF with excellent absorption capability in the entirely visible-light and even near-infrared regions. Moreover, this work suggests the promise of TPAPC-COF as a new class of photoactive material for efficient singlet oxygen generation with potential photodynamic therapy application as demonstrated by in vitro anticancer studies.

6.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(1): 26, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31932578

RESUMO

Mitochondrial dysfunction leads to loss of renal function and structure; however, the precise mechanisms by which mitochondrial function can regulate renal fibrosis remain unclear. Proximal tubular cells (PTCs) prefer fatty acid oxidation as their energy source and dysregulation of lipid metabolism has been linked to tubulointerstitial fibrosis (TIF). Here, we demonstrated that mitochondrial uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) regulates TIF through the stimulation of lipid deposition and extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation. We show that UCP2 expression was increased in human biopsy sample and mouse kidney tissues with TIF. Moreover, UCP2-deficient mice displayed mitigated renal fibrosis in I/R-induced mouse model of TIF. Consistent with these results, UCP2 deficiency displayed reduced lipid deposition and ECM accumulation in vivo and in vitro. In UCP2-deficient PTCs, inhibition of TIF resulted from downregulation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), a key regulator of lipid metabolism and ECM accumulation. Furthermore, we describe a molecular mechanism by which UCP2 regulates HIF-1α stabilization through regulation of mitochondrial respiration and tissue hypoxia during TIF. HIF-1α inhibition by siRNA suppressed lipid and ECM accumulation by restoration of PPARα and CPT1α, as well as suppression of fibronectin and collagen I expression in PTCs. In conclusion, our results suggest that UCP2 regulates TIF by inducing the HIF-1α stabilization pathway in tubular cells. These results identify UCP2 as a potential therapeutic target in treating chronic renal fibrosis.

7.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124694, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524628

RESUMO

Techniques for reutilization of the discarded bischofite are limited while efficient recovery of the Mg(OH)2 nanoparticles from water during the synthesis and reuse processes is a challenge. In this study, the Fe3O4@Mg(OH)2 core-shell magnetic nanoparticles were firstly prepared from discarded bischofite and used as catalyst for improving the ozonation of metronidazole (MNZ). The removal rate constant of MNZ increased by 694.7% using Fe3O4@Mg(OH)2. Compared with the Mg(OH)2 control, the MNZ removal rate constant of Fe3O4@Mg(OH)2 treatment was almost tripled. The persistent high catalytic activity of the Fe3O4@Mg(OH)2 catalyst was observed since the MNZ removal rate constant decreased by just 13.2% in the third reuse run. The Fe3O4@Mg(OH)2 primarily enhanced ozone decomposition through producing hydroxyl radicals. The MNZ removal rate constant increased from 0.075 min-1 to 0.643 min-1 as catalyst dose increased from 0 to 0.6 g L-1 while it decreased by 96.0% when its initial concentration increased from 10 to 200 mg L-1. The maximum removal rate constant was observed at 25 °C when temperature increased from 15 °C to 35 °C. The Cl-, HCO3-, SO42-, Ca2+, Mg2+ ions could jeopardize MNZ degradation. The antibacterial activity of MNZ was eliminated after catalytic ozonation while the mineralization efficiency was almost doubled. The nitro group reduction and the cleavage of hydroxyethyl bond were two main transformation pathways of MNZ. These findings suggest that Fe3O4@Mg(OH)2 nanoparticle made from discarded bischofite is the promising catalyst for the ozonation of antibiotics in the terms of water purification practice and reutilization of the bischofite.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/análise , Hidróxido de Magnésio/química , Ozônio/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Purificação da Água/métodos , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Catálise , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo
8.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31808612

RESUMO

Suboptimal health status (SHS), a physical state between health and disease, is a subclinical and reversible stage of chronic disease. Previous studies have shown alterations in the intestinal microbiota in patients with some chronic diseases. This study aimed to investigate the association between SHS and intestinal microbiota in a case-control study with 50 SHS individuals and 50 matched healthy controls. Intestinal microbiota was analysed by MiSeq 250PE. Alpha diversity of intestinal microbiota in SHS individuals was higher compared with that of healthy controls (Simpson index, W = 2238, P = .048). Beta diversity was different between SHS and healthy controls (P = .018). At the phylum level, the relative abundance of Verrucomicrobia was higher in the SHS group than that in the controls (W = 2201, P = .049). Compared with that of the control group, nine genera were significantly higher and five genera were lower in abundance in the SHS group (all P < .05). The intestinal microbiota, analysed by a random forest model, was able to distinguish individuals with SHS from the controls, with an area under the curve of 0.79 (95% confidence interval: 0.77-0.81). We demonstrated that the alteration of intestinal microbiota occurs with SHS, an early stage of disease, which might shed light on the importance of intestinal microbiota in the primary prevention of noncommunicable chronic diseases.

9.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 4935237, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814879

RESUMO

Background: Given that the dysregulation of iron homeostasis leads to genomic instability, iron has been linked to cellular aging. However, epidemiological research on dietary iron intake and cellular aging markers is scarce. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between dietary iron intake and cellular aging markers and to investigate whether tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) mediated this relationship. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis with a total of 467 subjects. Detailed dietary data were obtained using 24 h food recalls. Peripheral blood leukocyte telomere length (LTL) and mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn) were assessed using real-time PCR assay. The association between dietary iron intake and cellular aging markers and TNFα and superoxide dismutase (SOD) was analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis and regression models adjusted by covariates. Simple mediation models were generated to examine whether TNFα mediated the association between iron intake and cellular aging markers using PROCESS macro Version 3.3. Results: The study population contained more women than men, but their basic demographic and metabolic characteristics did not differ. After adjusting for age, LTL was the same for men and women, while mtDNAcn was lower in men. Multiple linear regression adjusted for confounding factors found that iron intake was negatively associated with LTL only in women and negatively associated with mtDNAcn only in men. Moreover, iron intake was positively associated with TNFα in both women and men but positively associated with SOD only in men. Path modeling showed that TNFα significantly mediated the indirect detrimental effect of iron intake on LTL only in women; in men, mediation of the indirect effect of iron intake on mtDNAcn by TNFα did not reach significance. Conclusions: The study found sex-specific negative associations between dietary iron intake and cellular aging markers in that iron intake had deleterious effects on LTL attrition in women and mtDNAcn in men; only the former was partly mediated by TNFα. Consequently, when dietary iron intake and iron supplementation is recommended, the effects of iron imbalance on genomic stability and cellular aging markers must be considered.

10.
Exp Gerontol ; : 110798, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31816424

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence and associated factors of sarcopenia defined by the revised European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP2) criteria with the initial European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP1) criteria, the Asia Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS), the International Working Group on Sarcopenia (IWGS), and the National Institutes of Health (FNIH) Sarcopenia Project criteria among Chinese community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: Two community health centers in Urumqi, China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 483 participants aged 60 years and older from the community. MEASUREMENT: Anthropometry, skeletal muscle mass, handgrip strength, 4-m walking speed, and biochemical markers. Questionnaire collected information included demographics, lifestyle, and quality of life. RESULTS: The prevalence of EWGSOP2-defined sarcopenia (men: 6.5%; women: 3.3%) was lower than that defined by the EWGSOP1 (men: 22.3%; women 11.7%), AWGS (men: 10.9%; women: 8.0%), and IWGS (men: 24.5%; women: 11.0%) criteria, but higher than FNIH criteria (men: 6.0%; women: 1.7%). The positive percent agreement was lower (men: 15.6%-63.6%; women: 15.2%-40.0%), while negative percent agreement was higher (men: 96.4%-100.0%; women: 97.3%-99.6%). Sex (OR 0.31, 95% CI 0.12-0.81), education level (OR 0.49, 95% CI 0.29-0.83), and body mass index (BMI, OR 0.73, 95% CI 0.62-0.86) were associated with sarcopenia defined by the EWGSOP2 criteria. No consistent pattern of risk factors associated with sarcopenia in EWGSOP2 and four other diagnostic criteria was present. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: The EWGSOP2 criteria did not agree with the EWGSOP1, AWGS, IWGA, and FNIH criteria defining sarcopenia. Risk factors associated with the EWGSOP2-defined sarcopenia have no consistent patterns with the EWGSOP1, AWGS, IWGA, and FNIH criteria. Therefore, the validity of the EWGSOP2 consensus needs to be confirmed in further prospective studies.

11.
Brain ; 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31819945

RESUMO

Essential tremor is one of the most common movement disorders. Despite its high prevalence and heritability, the genetic aetiology of essential tremor remains elusive. Up to now, only a few genes/loci have been identified, but these genes have not been replicated in other essential tremor families or cohorts. Here we report a genetic study in a cohort of 197 Chinese pedigrees clinically diagnosed with essential tremor. Using a comprehensive strategy combining linkage analysis, whole-exome sequencing, long-read whole-genome sequencing, repeat-primed polymerase chain reaction and GC-rich polymerase chain reaction, we identified an abnormal GGC repeat expansion in the 5' region of the NOTCH2NLC gene that co-segregated with disease in 11 essential tremor families (5.58%) from our cohort. Clinically, probands that had an abnormal GGC repeat expansion were found to have more severe tremor phenotypes, lower activities of daily living ability. Obvious genetic anticipation was also detected in these 11 essential tremor-positive families. These results indicate that abnormal GGC repeat expansion in the 5' region of NOTCH2NLC gene is associated with essential tremor, and provide strong evidence that essential tremor is a family of diseases with high clinical and genetic heterogeneities.

12.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791123

RESUMO

Divalent manganese cation (Mn2+) doped perovskite materials are of great interest for their unique optical, magnetic, and electric properties. Herein, we report an excitation-dependent emission color tuning from an individual Mn-doped CsPbCl3 microcrystal (MC) with a wide color tuning range, reversible and continuous color change, and high photostability. We demonstrate that the Mn-doped CsPbCl3 MCs exhibit dual-color emission from both host excitons (blue) and Mn-dopants (orange) through an internal energy transfer (IET) process. By simple change of the laser excitation repetition rate or pulse intensity, the relative emission intensity between exciton (Iexciton) and Mn-dopant (IMn) can be continuously and reversibly tuned from IMn/Itotal (Itotal = IMn + Iexciton) = 0.9-0.8 to 0.1-0.2, corresponding to a color change from orange to blue. Such emission color tuning is enabled by the saturation of Mn-dopant emission at high excitation intensity and a linear dependence of exciton emission with excitation intensity. Transient spectroscopy and temperature-dependent photoluminescence (PL) measurements confirm that the exciton-to-dopant IET in Mn-doped CsPbCl3 MCs is mediated by some shallow trap states, rather than through a direct transfer pathway. Therefore, the saturation of Mn-dopant emission is caused by a bottlenecked energy transfer effect by saturating the mediating trap states at high excitation intensities. The Mn-doped MCs also exhibit a high photostability on the reversible switch of emission color between orange and blue for more than 300 cycles within a continuous operation time of 14 h. In view of the stable and color-switchable emission properties, Mn-doped perovskite MCs may find application in nanophotonic devices using a single MC.

13.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(23): 4119-4129, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31832417

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic mixed serous-neuroendocrine neoplasms (MSNNs) are mixed tumors containing two components with different pathologies, namely, pancreatic serous cystic neoplasm (PSCN) and pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PanNET). For MSNNs, diffuse PSCN involving the whole pancreas is extremely rare, with only eight previous case reports. CASE SUMMARY: A 45-year-old Chinese woman, with a free previous medical history and no obvious symptoms, was found to have a pancreatic neoplasm and admitted to our hospital for further diagnosis in March 2018. Abdominal palpation revealed a painless, mobile mass in the epigastrium, and no abnormalities were observed in an examination of the nervous system and ocular system. A computed tomography scan showed multiple cystic lesions involving the whole pancreas ranging in diameter from 0.4 to 2 cm and also revealed an enhanced mass, 2.2 cm in diameter, in the head of the pancreas. Moreover, multiple cysts were found in the kidneys bilaterally, and the right lobe of the liver contained a small cyst. A Whipple operation with total pancreatectomy and splenectomy was performed. A diagnosis of pancreatic MSNN was established, consisting of diffuse serous microcystic cystadenoma with a concomitant grade 2 PanNET. Of note, the patient had no personal or family history of Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome or other disease. CONCLUSION: We report the first case of MSNN with a diffuse PSCN component involving the entire pancreas in a Chinese woman. It is important to be aware of its relationship with VHL syndrome, and close clinical follow-up is recommended.

14.
Healthc Technol Lett ; 6(5): 147-152, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31839971

RESUMO

Venous leg ulcerations are a common problem, with high prevalence in the middle-aged and elderly population, and more attention on research of their physical activities has been paid, as they have great effects on the blood circulation of the lower limb. With enough, appropriate training, the chronic venous ulcerations in the lower limb can be avoided and alleviated, and venous hypertension can be reduced effectively. The study deals with a physical activity tracking system for the patients based on a three-axis accelerometer. The system uses a three-axis accelerometer, a microcontroller, and a wireless Bluetooth module to form a data acquisition platform to acquire accelerations of the lower limb movement, and sends it to a smart mobile phone via the wireless Bluetooth module. The system takes advantages of the smart mobile phone to guide the chronic venous leg ulcers to do prescribed rehabilitation exercises for the lower limb muscles, perform acceleration data preprocessing, wavelet transform and reconstruction, denoising and feature extraction, obtain the results of the rehabilitation exercises, and then give reasonable evaluation and judgment. It is helpful to treat underlying venous reflux, create such an environment that allows skin to grow across an ulcer, and accelerate ulcer healing process consequently.

15.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 145: 484-491, 2019 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31883891

RESUMO

This work aimed to determine the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of an anti-diabetic polysaccharide (GPP) extracted from Gynostemma pentaphyllum herb on diabetic mice. In vitro antioxidant assays showed that the DPPH radical, hydroxyl radical, superoxide anion, and ABTS radical scavenging activities of GPP increased in a dose-dependent manner. Animal experiments demonstrated that GPP could efficiently reduce the body weight and fasting blood sugar of diabetic mice and decrease the blood parameters of ALP, ALT, AST, and BUN. Furthermore, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory results indicated that GPP might exert its hypoglycemic effect by enhancing the SOD, CAT, and GSH-Px activities, decreasing the MDA activity, improving the levels of the anti-inflammatory factors IL-4 and IL-10, and decreasing the levels of the pro-inflammatory factors TNF-α and IL-6. This work provided a good basis for further revealing the prevention and treatment mechanisms of diabetes.

16.
New Phytol ; 2019 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854111

RESUMO

•Plant immune responses need to be tightly controlled for growth-defense balance. The mechanism underlying this tight control is not fully understood. Here we identify epigenetic regulation of nucleotide-binding leucine rich repeat or Nod-Like Receptor (NLR) genes as an important mechanism for immune responses. •Through a sensitized genetic screen and molecular studies, we identified and characterized HOS15 and its associated protein HDA9 as negative regulators of immunity and NLR gene expression. •The loss-function of HOS15 or HDA9 confers enhanced resistance to pathogen infection accompanied with increased expression of one-third of the 207 NLR genes in Arabidopsis thaliana. HOS15 and HDA9 are physically associated with some of these NLR genes and repress their expression likely through reducing the acetylation of H3K9 at these loci. In addition, these NLR genes are repressed by HOS15 under both pathogenic and non-pathogenic conditions but by HDA9 only under infection condition. •Together, this study uncovers a previously uncharacterized histone deacetylase complex in plant immunity and highlights the importance of epigenetic regulation of NLR genes in modulating growth-defense balance.

17.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872277

RESUMO

The detection of heavy metals such as Hg2+ and Ag+ is important and urgent. In this work, - NO2/- NH2/C=S boron dipyrromethene small molecular derivatives were synthesized at first. Then they were incorporated into polymer chains. The macromolecular fluorescent probes were obtained via Sonogashira reaction using the small molecular probes as building blocks. The as-prepared small-molecule fluorescent probe BO3 exhibits high sensing performance for Hg2+. By introducing it into macromolecules, the sensing ability still remains, and even more, the recognition performance is improved. The macromolecular fluorescent probes P1, P2, and P3 also have high recognition ability for Ag+ with a binding ratio of 2:1 (metal ion to probe ratio). Through the study of the sensing mechanism and the recycling experiments, it is found that the probes responded by the photo-induced electron transfer mechanism and can be recycled and reused. At the same time, BO3, P2, and P3 show excellent recognition performance for Hg2+ in living cells and zebrafish. Living cell imaging experiments indicated that these fluorescent probes had good cell membrane permeability and low cytotoxicity, and could realize bioimaging of Hg2+. Therefore, the application value of these fluorescent probes could be enlarged. Graphical abstract.

18.
Plant J ; 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872463

RESUMO

Plasma membrane intrinsic proteins (PIPs) are known to be major facilitators of movement of a number of substrates across cell membranes. Here, from a drought-resistant rice cultivar, we isolated an OsPIP1;3 gene SNP which is mostly expressed in rice roots, and is strongly responsive to drought stress. Immunocytochemistry showed that OsPIP1;3 majorly accumulated on the proximal end of the endodermis and the cell surface around xylem. Expression of GFP-OsPIP1;3 alone in Xenopus oocytes or rice protoplasts showed OsPIP1;3 mislocalization in ER-like neighborhood, whereas co-expression of OsPIP2;2 recruited OsPIP1;3 to the plasma membrane and led to a significant enhancement of water permeability in oocytes. Moreover, reconstitution of 10×His-OsPIP1;3 in liposomes demonstrated water channel activity as revealed by stopped-flow light scattering. Intriguingly, by patch clamp technique, we detected significant NO3 - conductance of OsPIP1;3 in mammalian cells. To investigate its physiological functions, we ectopically expressed OsPIP1;3 gene in tobacco. The transgenic tobacco plants exhibited higher photosynthesis rates, root hydraulic conductivity (Lpr ) and water use efficiency, resulting in greater biomass and higher resistance to water deficit than the wild type plants. Further experiment suggested that heterologous expression of OsPIP1;3 in cyanobacterium promoted bacterial growth in the condition with different CO2 gas supply. Overall, besides shedding light on the multiple functions played by OsPIP1;3, this work provides insights into the translational value of plant AQPs.

19.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 19(1): 119, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690291

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The shape of the glucose response curve during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) can predict ß-cell function and insulin resistance. However, there have been few studies conducted on Chinese people. Thus, we aimed to verify the usefulness of the glucose response curve in a large Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 9059 OGTT (3-h tests) were categorized into either a monophasic or a multiphasic group based on the shape of the glucose response. Homeostasis model assessments of fasting insulin resistance, the Matsuda Index, the insulinogenic index, and the disposition index were assessed by plasma glucose and serum insulin concentration obtained at fasting or during an OGTT. RESULTS: The shape of the OGTT glucose response curve was monophasic in 87.3% and multiphasic in 12.7% of participants. Individuals in the multiphasic group were younger compared to those in the monophasic group (38.6 ± 13.6 vs. 35.4 ± 13.5, P < 0.001). Individuals in the monophasic group had significantly higher fasting plasma glucose (FPG 5.6 ± 13.5 vs. 5.2 ± 0.6, P < 0.001), fasting insulin (FINS 14.8 ± 8.7 vs. 13.5 ± 7.9, P < 0.01), and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR 3.8 ± 2.6 vs. 3.1 ± 2.0, P < 0.001) and impaired ß-cell function (disposition index 12.7 ± 14.1 vs. 16.6 ± 17.8, P < 0.001) compared to those in the multiphasic group. CONCLUSION: The monophasic OGTT glucose response curve could reflect impaired ß-cell function in a large Chinese population.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718969

RESUMO

It's of vital importance to detect heavy metals in environment and living cells. In this work, four near-infrared regions boron dipyrromethene (BODIPY) probes (QBPH, PBPH, QBP and PBP) are constructed based on two BODIPY precursors (QB, PB) for sensing of Fe3+. As expected, these four probes exhibit obvious colorimetric and ratiometric response to Fe3+. In addition, QBP and PBP display highly sensitive and selective performance for detection of Fe3+. More importantly, QBP and PBP are successfully applied to near infrared imaging and detection of Fe3+ in living A549 cells; it indicates that these novel designed probes could be a useful tool for the studies of Fe3+ in living cells.

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