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1.
Gene ; 764: 145082, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32858176

RESUMO

Melatonin functions as a plant growth regulator in a concentration-dependent manner. In this study, we investigated the effects of melatonin on root growth and dissected underlined mechanisms. The results showed that melatonin up to 1000 µM inhibited primary root growth, but promoted lateral root development. Through RNA sequencing analysis, functions of differentially expressed genes were mainly involved in stress response, signaling transduction, transport, hormone metabolism and amino acid metabolism. Genes involving in jasmonate (JA), brassinosteroid (BR) and cytokinin (CK) biosynthesis were inhibited, but these in ethylene (ET), strigolactone (SL) and gibberellins (GA) biosynthetic pathways were activated after melatonin treatment. The majority of zinc finger proteins (ZFPs), Calmodulin-like (CMLs), NAM, ATAF1/2, and CUC2 (NACs) and ubiquitination related genes (RING/U-box and F-box) were upregulated, which possibly acted downstream of integrated hormone signals to mediate root growth. This study characterized melatonin modulated networks in regulating root growth.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Melatonina/metabolismo , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Vias Biossintéticas/genética , RNA-Seq , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Transcriptoma/genética
3.
Poult Sci ; 99(11): 5378-5388, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142454

RESUMO

Ammonia (NH3), a toxic gas, has deleterious effects on chicken health in intensive poultry houses. MicroRNA can mediate inflammation. The complex molecular mechanisms underlying NH3 inhalation-caused inflammation in animal kidneys are still unknown. To explore the mechanisms, a broiler model of NH3 exposure was established. Kidney samples were collected on day 14, 28, and 42, and meat yield was evaluated on day 42. We performed histopathological examination, detected miR-6615-5p and mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 7 (Smad7), and determined inflammatory factors and cytokines in kidneys. The results showed that excess NH3 reduced breast weight and thigh weight, which indicated that excess NH3 impaired meat yield of broilers. Besides, kidney tissues displayed histopathological changes after NH3 exposure. Meanwhile, the increases of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) activity and nitric oxide content were obtained. The mRNA and protein expression of inflammatory factors, including nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), cyclooxygenase-2, prostaglandin E synthases, and iNOS increased, indicating that NF-κB pathway was activated. T-helper (Th) 1 and regulatory T (Treg) cytokines were downregulated, whereas Th2 and Th17 cytokines were upregulated, suggesting the occurrence of Th1/Th2 and Treg/Th17 imbalances. In addition, we found that Smad7 was a target gene of miR-6615-5p in chickens. After NH3 exposure, miR-6615-5p expression was elevated, and Smad7 mRNA and protein expression were reduced. In summary, our results suggest that NH3 exposure negatively affected meat yield; and miR-6615/Smad7 axis and immune imbalance participated in NH3-induced inflammatory injury via the NF-κB pathway in broiler kidneys. This study is helpful to understand the mechanism of NH3-induced kidney injury and is meaningful to poultry health and breed aquatics.

4.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184760

RESUMO

We developed a fluorescent aptamer/graphene oxide (GO)-based biosensor to detect sulfamethazine (SMZ) residues in animal-derived foods. The SMZ-bound aptamers were identified and screened with an improved GO-SELEX technique using non-immobilizing ssDNA library. After seven rounds of selection, six SMZ aptamers were sequenced and analyzed for secondary structure, and their affinity and specificity were assessed by binding assays. The truncated aptamer (SMZ1S: 5'-CGTTAGACG-3') with a unique stem-loop structure showed the highest affinity (Kd = 24.6 nM) to SMZ and was used to develop a GO-based fluorescent aptasensor. The binding mechanism between SMZ1S and SMZ was further analyzed by molecular docking. Under optimal conditions, the fluorescent aptasensor showed low detection limits (0.35 ng/mL) and a wide dynamic linear range (from 2 to 100 ng/mL). The aptasensor was also validated against real samples spiked with SMZ, which showed a fluorescence recovery from 93.9 to 108.8% and a coefficient of variation of < 12.7%. Taken together, these results suggest that this novel aptasensor can be used to sensitively, selectively, and accurately detect SMZ residues in foods. Schematic illustration of fluorescent aptasensor based on aptamer/graphene oxide complex detection of of SMZ.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33171853

RESUMO

Most studies focus on the empirical investigation of the relationship between environment and trade, but they lack a systematic theoretical framework. To fill this gap, this study constructs an analytical framework of export competitiveness from the perspective of product quality, and reveals the theoretical mechanism of environmental regulation affecting export quality. We empirically examine the impact of environmental regulation on the export quality of China's manufacturing industry, as well as its possible mechanism. Our findings show that environmental regulation can significantly promote the export quality upgrading of the manufacturing industry and that process and product productivity are two possible channels through which such regulation affects export quality, although their mediating effects are in opposite directions. The mediating effect of product productivity is greater than that of process productivity, indicating that environmental regulation mainly has an innovation offset effect on China's manufacturing industry. For pollution-intensive industries, environmental regulation plays a significant promoting role through the channel of product productivity, but, for clean industries, environmental regulation has an inhibitory effect through the channel of process productivity. These findings provide important enlightenment for the coordinated development of China's ecological civilization and trade power.

6.
Chemosphere ; : 128837, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33187652

RESUMO

In previous studies we found that bisphenol A (BPA) aggravated OVA-induced lung inflammation. The aim of this research was to determine whether BPA exposure alone also induced inflammatory response in the lungs, which mechanism was associated with TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway and the activation of mTOR-mediated autophagy. Female C57BL/6 mice aged 4 weeks were randomly divided into three groups (10/group): control group, 0.1 and 0.2 µg mL-1 BPA groups. BPA induced the pathological changes in the lung and increased the levels of cytokines and inflammatory cells, as well as affected autophagy related proteins expression. In addition, the RAW264.7 cell culture experiment was conducted in order to confirm the role of autophagy. We found that BPA can enhance autophagy flux by enhancing autophagosome formation. It was further confirmed the details of the mechanism of action with chloroquine (CQ, a compound that inhibits the fusion of autophagosomes and lysosomes) intervention. The inhibition of autophagy led to down-regulation of expression levels associated with inflammation. This research results indicated that BPA induced inflammatory response in vitro and in vivo, and its mechanism may be related to TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway and the activation of mTOR-mediated autophagy. After autophagy was suppressed, the inflammatory response also weakened. Our findings provide a new perspective into the mechanisms underlying inflammatory responses induced by the environmental exposure. These findings indicate that therapeutic strategies targeting autophagy may provide a new method for the treatment of inflammatory diseases.

7.
Gene ; : 145287, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic respiratory diseases have become a non-negligible cause of death globally. Although smoking and environmental exposures are primary risk factors for chronic respiratory diseases, genetic factors also play an important role in determining individual's susceptibility to diseases. Here we performed integrated gene-based and pathway analyses to systematically illuminate the heritable characteristics of chronic respiratory diseases. METHODS: UK (United Kingdom) Biobank is a very large, population-based prospective study with over 500,000 participants, established to allow detailed investigations of the genetic and nongenetic determinants of the diseases. Utilizing the GWAS-summarized data downloaded from UK Biobank, we conducted gene-based analysis to obtain associations of susceptibility genes with asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD) and pneumonia using FUSION and MAGMA software. Across the identified susceptibility regions, functional annotation integrating multiple functional data sources was performed to explore potential regulatory mechanisms with INQUISIT algorithm. To further detect the biological process involved in the development of chronic respiratory diseases, we undertook pathway enrichment analysis with the R package (clusterProfiler). RESULTS: A total of 195 susceptibility genes were identified significantly associated with chronic respiratory diseases (Pbonferroni < 0.05), and 24/195 located out of known susceptibility regions (e.g. WDPCP in 2p15). Within the identified susceptibility regions, functional annotation revealed an aggregation of credible variants in promoter-like and enhancer-like histone modification regions and such regulatory mechanisms were specific to lung tissues. Furthermore, 110 genes with INQUISIT score ≥1 may influence diseases susceptibility through exerting effects on coding sequences, proximal promoter and distal enhancer regulations. Pathway enrichment results showed that these genes were enriched in immune-related processes and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors pathways. CONCLUSIONS: This study implemented an integrated gene-based and pathway strategy to explore the underlying biological mechanisms and our findings may serve as promising targets for future clinical treatments of chronic respiratory diseases.

8.
Biochem Genet ; 2020 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33221976

RESUMO

The aim of the article was to study the mechanism of Lipoxin A4 (LXA4)-mediated p38 MAPK pathway protecting mice against collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). The impact of LXA4 (0, 5, 10, 15 nM) on synoviocytes proliferation of CIA mice was detected using 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. CIA mice were treated with LXA4, SB203580 (a p38 inhibitor), and/or anisomycin (a p38 agonist), and the arthritis severity score in each mouse was determined. The gene or protein expressions were detected with Western Blotting, ELISA, or qRT-PCR. LXA4 inhibited the synoviocytes proliferation of CIA mice with decreased levels of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß, and IFN-γ and reduced p-p38/total p38 expression in synoviocytes in a dose-dependent manner. LXA4 levels were decreased in synovial tissues and plasma of CIA mice, but p-p38/total p38 expression was increased in synovial tissues. LXA4 could downregulate p-p38/total p38 expression in synovial tissues of CIA mice. Both LXA4 and SB203580 reduced arthritis severity score of CIA mice with the reduction of synovial tissue hyperplasia and inflammatory cell infiltration. CIA mice treated with LXA4 and SB203580 had lower levels of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß, and IFN-γ, accompanying decreased MDA as well as increased SOD, CAT,and GPx. However, anisomycin could reverse the protect effects of LXA4 on CIA mice regarding the abovementioned inflammatory factors and oxidative stress indexes. LXA4 protected mice against collagen-induced arthritis via inhibiting p38 MAPK signaling pathway, which may be a potential new therapeutic target for rheumatoid arthritis.

9.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 247: 119105, 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33161265

RESUMO

Hydrogen polysulfides (H2Sn, n ≥ 2) is recently regarded as a potential signaling molecule which shows a higher efficiency than hydrogen sulfides (H2S) in regulating enzymes and ion channels. However, the development of specific fluorescent probes for H2Sn with long-wavelength emission (>600 nm) are still rare. In this work, a semi-naphthorhodafluor-based red-emitting fluorescent probe SNARF-H2Sn containing a phenyl 2-(benzoylthio) benzoate responsive unit was constructed. SNARF-H2Sn was capable of selectively detecting H2Sn over other reactive sulfur species. Treatment with H2Sn would result in a > 1000-fold fluorescence enhancement within 10 min. SNARF-H2Sn showed a low limit of detection down to 6.7 nM, and further enabled to visualize exogenous/endogenous H2Sn in living A549 cells and zebrafish.

10.
JAMA Netw Open ; 3(11): e2025466, 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33211107

RESUMO

Importance: Higher Mediterranean diet (MED) intake has been associated with reduced risk of type 2 diabetes, but underlying biological mechanisms are unclear. Objective: To characterize the relative contribution of conventional and novel biomarkers in MED-associated type 2 diabetes risk reduction in a US population. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study was conducted among 25 317 apparently healthy women. The participants with missing information regarding all traditional and novel metabolic biomarkers or those with baseline diabetes were excluded. Participants were invited for baseline assessment between September 1992 and May 1995. Data were collected from November 1992 to December 2017 and analyzed from December 2018 to December 2019. Exposures: MED intake score (range, 0 to 9) was computed from self-reported dietary intake, representing adherence to Mediterranean diet intake. Main Outcomes and Measures: Incident cases of type 2 diabetes, identified through annual questionnaires; reported cases were confirmed by either telephone interview or supplemental questionnaire. Proportion of reduced risk of type 2 diabetes explained by clinical risk factors and a panel of 40 biomarkers that represent different physiological pathways was estimated. Results: The mean (SD) age of the 25 317 female participants was 52.9 (9.9) years, and they were followed up for a mean (SD) of 19.8 (5.8) years. Higher baseline MED intake (score ≥6 vs ≤3) was associated with as much as a 30% lower type 2 diabetes risk (age-adjusted and energy-adjusted hazard ratio, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.62-0.79; when regression models were additionally adjusted with body mass index [BMI]: hazard ratio, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.76-0.96). Biomarkers of insulin resistance made the largest contribution to lower risk (accounting for 65.5% of the MED-type 2 diabetes association), followed by BMI (55.5%), high-density lipoprotein measures (53.0%), and inflammation (52.5%), with lesser contributions from branched-chain amino acids (34.5%), very low-density lipoprotein measures (32.0%), low-density lipoprotein measures (31.0%), blood pressure (29.0%), and apolipoproteins (23.5%), and minimal contribution (≤2%) from hemoglobin A1c. In post hoc subgroup analyses, the inverse association of MED diet with type 2 diabetes was seen only among women who had BMI of at least 25 at baseline but not those who had BMI of less than 25 (eg, women with BMI <25, age- and energy-adjusted HR for MED score ≥6 vs ≤3, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.77-1.33; P for trend = .92; women with BMI ≥25: HR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.67-0.87; P for trend < .001). Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study, higher MED intake scores were associated with a 30% relative risk reduction in type 2 diabetes during a 20-year period, which could be explained in large part by biomarkers of insulin resistance, BMI, lipoprotein metabolism, and inflammation.

11.
Neurosci Lett ; 740: 135441, 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A recent study on early onset Parkinson's disease (PD) revealed that NUS1 is a risk gene for PD. Clinically, essential tremor (ET) is closely related to PD. In this study, we aimed to detect NUS1 variants and assess the effect of those variants on patients with ET. METHODS: The 5 coding regions and the exon-intron boundaries of NUS1 were directly sequenced in 395 patients with ET and an equal number of healthy controls, matched for age and sex. The function of variants was assessed by pathogenic predictive software programs. Genetic analysis of variants was used to evaluate susceptibility to ET. RESULTS: A total of 6 exonic variants were identified, including 3 synonymous and 3 missense variants. The non-synonymous variants were predicted to be tolerable. No variants had significant association with ET (none of the p-values were less than 0.05, using Fisher's exact test). CONCLUSION: Our study suggested that NUS1 variants may not contribute to the risk of ET.

12.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151352

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to establish a neonatal rat model of decreased pulmonary blood flow (PBF) for studying pulmonary pathophysiological changes in newborn lung development with reduced PBF. Horizontal thoracotomy surgery with banding of the main pulmonary artery (PA) was performed on 30 rats in the PA banding (PAB) group and without banding on another 30 rats in the sham group within 6 h after birth. The body growth and mortality were recorded. Constriction of PA was checked by echocardiography on postnatal day 7 (P7). Lung morphology was assessed with computed tomography scanning and three-dimensional reconstruction. Histological differences of two groups were evaluated using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, Masson's trichrome staining, TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling assay, and CD31 labeling with microscopic examination. PA ultrasound confirmed the establishment of constriction on P7. Relative to the sham group, the neonates' physical growth, survival fraction, and lung geometry volume were decreased in the PAB group over time (p < 0.05). Histologic appearance with reduced PBF characterized a markedly simplified alveolarization with noted lower radial alveolar count and alveolar septal thickness in the PAB group (p < 0.0001), pulmonary arteries with thinner/uneven membranous layers and smaller lumina. The deficient alveolar capillary bed, enhanced pulmonary collagen deposition, and increased apoptotic alveolar epithelium were significant in the PAB group compared to the sham group (p < 0.0001). A neonatal rat PAB model demonstrated that PBF reduction during early infancy impairs alveolarization and pulmonary microvasculature.

14.
Prev Med ; 141: 106261, 2020 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022323

RESUMO

This study examined the association between measures of acculturation to the US environment including place of birth, and language spoken at home and proportion of life in the US among foreign-born, in relation to the dietary contribution of ultra-processed foods. Ultra-processed foods, as defined by the NOVA food classification system, are formulations of macronutrients (starches, sugars, fats and protein isolates) with little, if any, whole food and often with added flavors, colors, emulsifiers and other cosmetic additives. We studied 14,663 participants from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2016, aged 20+ years, who completed a 1-day 24-h dietary recall. Food items were classified using NOVA into ultra-processed or non-ultra-processed foods. Linear regression models adjusted for age, sex, family income, education and race/ ethnicity, showed significant associations between general acculturation measures and dietary contribution of ultra-processed foods. Foreign-born adults consumed less ultra-processed foods than US-born adults (45 vs. 58%, p < 0.001). Within foreign-born adults, ultra-processed food consumption increased with English permeation at home from 40% among individuals speaking non-English languages only to 50% among those speaking English only (p for linear trend <0.001). In addition, ultra-processed food consumption increased from 41% among foreign-born adults who spent less than 30% of their life in the US to 48% among those who lived in the US for more than 50% of their lives (p for linear trend <0.001). Race/ethnicity emerged as an important effect modifier for the observed associations.

15.
Orthop Surg ; 12(5): 1456-1463, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073535

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical outcomes of plate fixation and arthroscopic-assisted plate fixation in patients with displaced isolated medium-sized fractures of the greater tuberosity. METHODS: From July 2013 to October 2017, patients with displaced isolated medium-sized fractures of the greater tuberosity who underwent arthroscopic-assisted plate fixation (ASPF group) or open reduction and internal plate fixation (ORIF group) were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. There were 19 patients in the ASPF group and 27 patients in the ORIF group, with comparable demographic characteristics. The average age of patients was 49.4 ± 12.1 years in the ASPF group and 46.9 ± 11.4 years in the ORIF group. The shoulder function reflected by the Constant-Murley (CS) scores, the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) scores, and the range of motion (ROM) in the both groups at the last follow-up were analyzed in the study. Surgery time, postoperative pain, and postoperative complications were also reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 46 eligible patients were included in this study. The mean follow-up was similar for the ASPF (19.4 ± 3.7 months) and the ORIF (18.2 ± 3.2 months) groups (P = 0.372). All patients had achieved primary incision healing in both groups at the last follow-up. The surgery time was 96.8 ± 11.7 min and 64.2 ± 8.3 min in the ASPF group and the ORIF group, respectively (P < 0.01). All the CS scores (P = 0.278), ASES scores (P = 0.426), and ROM were slightly better in the ASPF group than in the ORIF group, but they did not attain significant differences. In addition, there was no significant difference in the postoperative complication rate between the ASPF group (10.5%) and the ORIF group (18.5%) (P = 0.522). In the ASPF group, there was only one patient with postoperative shoulder stiffness and one case of fracture malunion. In the ORIF group, there were two cases of postoperative shoulder stiffness, two cases of fracture malunoin, and one case of subacromial impingement. Other major postoperative complications, such as fracture nonunion, pullout of the suture anchor, and screw penetration, were not observed in either group. CONCLUSION: Arthroscopic-assisted plate fixation is effective and may be an alternative in the treatment of displaced isolated medium-sized fractures of the greater tuberosity.

16.
Hypertens Res ; 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33122822

RESUMO

Gestational hypertension is a high-risk disease for women, and the current treatments have limited efficacies. Here, we aimed to evaluate troxerutin, which is a natural monomer of flavone, in the treatment of gestational hypertension. Pregnant mice with or without pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) were treated with troxerutin (20 and 40 mg/kg) or vehicle. Blood pressure and proteinuria were monitored during treatment. The expression of vasodilation converting enzyme (VCE), angiotensin, TNFα, IL-6, IL-1ß and IL-10 was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Oxidative stress was assessed by measuring the reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and antioxidant enzyme concentrations. Western blot analysis was used to assess the expression of p-STAT3, STAT3, SHP-1, and RNF6. Troxerutin reduced blood pressure and the expression of VCE, angiotensin, urinary protein and pro-inflammatory cytokines in a dose-dependent manner while increasing the expression of anti-inflammatory cytokines. The levels of ROS were decreased, and the levels of antioxidant enzymes were increased. Troxerutin treatment significantly suppressed STAT3/RNF6 signaling. Overexpression of RNF6 attenuated the effects of troxerutin in ameliorating inflammation and oxidative stress. Our data support the use of troxerutin for reducing gestational hypertension due to the role of troxerutin in reducing inflammation and oxidative stress.

17.
Environ Res ; 192: 110287, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038367

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are persistent organic pollutants with pervasive exposure and suspected associations with metabolic abnormalities and adverse pregnancy outcomes. The goal of the present study was to examine the relationship between serum-PFAS concentrations measured in late pregnancy with relevant outcomes. METHODS: The study sample included 433 pregnant women enrolled in the Vanguard Pilot Study of the National Children's Study. Six PFAS were measured in primarily third trimester serum, as well as fasting insulin, total cholesterol, and triglycerides. The PFAS were examined in quartiles in relation to serum biomarkers, gestational age at birth and birth weight standardized for gestational age using multivariable-adjusted regression models. RESULTS: Over 98% of the study population had detectable concentrations of four of the PFAS, and concentrations varied by race/ethnicity. Total cholesterol was positively associated with PFDA, PFNA, and PFOS, and triglycerides with PFDA, PFNA, PFOS, and PFOA, but PFAS were not associated with fasting insulin in adjusted models. Only PFNA was associated with an increased odds of birth at <37 weeks gestation. PFAS were generally not associated with birth weight, though PFHxS was associated with the first quartile of birth weight among males only. CONCLUSIONS: This study of pregnant U.S. women supports the ubiquitous exposure to PFAS and positive associations between PFAS exposure with serum-lipid concentrations. PFAS were largely unassociated with gestational age at birth and birth weight, though PFNA was associated with preterm birth. The results support the vulnerability to PFAS exposure of pregnancy.

18.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 53(11): e9551, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053115

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of Mycobacterium vaccae on Jagged 1 and gamma delta T17 (γδT17) cells in asthmatic mice. An asthma mouse model was established through immunization with ovalbumin (OVA). Gamma-secretase inhibitor (DAPT) was used to block the Notch signaling pathway. M. vaccae was used to treat asthma, and related indicators were measured. Blocking Notch signaling inhibited the production of γδT17 cells and secretion of cytokine interleukin (IL)-17, which was accompanied by a decrease in Jagged1 mRNA and protein expression in the treated asthma group compared with the untreated asthma group. Similarly, treatment with M. vaccae inhibited Jagged1 expression and γδT17 cell production, which was associated with decreased airway inflammation and reactivity. The Notch signaling pathway may play a role in the pathogenesis of asthma through the induction of Jagged1 receptor. On the other hand, the inhibitory effect of M. vaccae on Jagged1 receptor in γδT17 cells could be used for the prevention and treatment of asthma.

19.
Nanotechnology ; 31(50): 505603, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021226

RESUMO

There is keen interest for designing promising tungsten oxide (VI, WO3) films or coatings due to their wide applications in fields of energy, engineering, etc. Thus, this paper firstly introduce a novel convenient method of electrophoretic assembly technique (EAT) in an optimal stable suspension of isopropyl alcohol, PEG-1000 and polyethyleneimine for designing the promising anti-wetting functional WO3 (VI) films with relative rough structures and uniform distribution in mild conditions. The product possess a high crystallinity and pureness by x-ray powder diffraction analysis. The EAT dynamic behaviours of WO3 (VI) nanoparticles are investigated in detail. Moreover, obtained films shows excellent anti-wetting properties after suface modification, and the hydrophobic studies results demonstrate that product have a high static water CA of approximate 169° and keep nearly stable even after ultralong exposure time (360 d), and show outstanding properties of anti-soaking, impacting-proof, and moisture resistance even in high relative humidity (90%). These breakthroughs will substantially push forward the convenient processing of other anti-wetting functional coatings with wide potential applications.

20.
Lipids Health Dis ; 19(1): 222, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050938

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung cancer has high morbidity and mortality across the globe, and lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is the most common histologic subtype. Disordered lipid metabolism is related to the development of cancer. Analysis of lipid-related transcriptome helps shed light on the diagnosis and prognostic biomarkers of LUAD. METHODS: In this study, expression analysis of 1045 lipid metabolism-related genes was performed between LUAD tumors and normal tissues derived from the Cancer Genome Atlas Lung Adenocarcinoma (TCGA-LUAD) cohort. The interaction network of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) was constructed to identify the hub genes. The association between hub genes and overall survival (OS) was evaluated and formed a model to predict the prognosis of LUAD using a nomogram. The model was validated by another cohort, GSE13213. RESULTS: A total of 217 lipid metabolism-related DEGs were detected in LUAD. Genes were significantly enriched in glycerophospholipid metabolism, fatty acid metabolic process, and eicosanoid signaling. Through network analysis and cytoHubba, 6 hub genes were identified, including INS, LPL, HPGDS, DGAT1, UGT1A6, and CYP2C9. High expression of CYP2C9, UGT1A6, and INS, and low expressions of DGAT1, HPGDS, and LPL, were associated with worse overall survival for 1925 LUAD patients. The model showed that the high-risk score group had a worse OS, and the validated cohort showed the same result. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, a signature of 6 lipid metabolism genes was constructed, which was significantly associated with the diagnosis and prognosis of LUAD patients. Thus, the gene signature can be used as a biomarker for LUAD.

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