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1.
J Mol Recognit ; : e2947, 2021 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34964176

RESUMO

Human Yes-associated protein (YAP) is involved in the Hippo signaling pathway and serves as a coactivator to modulate gene expression, which contains a transactivation domain (TD) responsible for binding to the downstream TEA domain family (TEAD) of transcription factors and two WW1/2 domains that recognize the proline-rich motifs (PRMs) present in a variety of upstream protein partners through peptide-mediated interactions (PMIs). The downstream YAP TD-TEAD interactions are closely associated with gastric cancer, and a number of therapeutic agents have been developed to target the interactions. In contrast, the upstream YAP WW1/2-partner interactions are thought to be involved in esophageal cancer but still remain largely unexplored. Here, we attempted to elucidate the complicated PMIs between the YAP WW1/2 domains and various PRMs of YAP-interacting proteins. A total of 106 peptide segments carrying the class I WW-binding motif [P/L]Px[Y/P] were extracted from 22 partner candidates, which are potential recognition sites of YAP WW1/2 domains. Structural and energetic analyses of the intermolecular interactions between the domains and peptides created a systematic domain-peptide binding profile, from which a number of biologically functional PMIs were identified and then substantiated in vitro using fluorescence spectroscopy assays. It is revealed that: (a) The sequence requirement for the partner recognition site binding to YAP WW1/2 domains is a decapeptide segment that contains a core PRM motif as well as two three-residue extensions from each side of the motif; the core motif and extended sections are responsible for the binding stability and recognition specificity of domain-peptide interaction, respectively. (b) There is an exquisite difference in the recognition specificity of the two domains; the LPxP and PPxP appear to more prefer WW1 than WW2, whereas the WW2 can bind more effectively to LPxY and PPxY than WW1. (c) WW2 generally exhibits a higher affinity to the panel of recognition site candidates than WW1. In addition, a number of partner peptides were found as promising recognition sites of the two domains and/or to have a good selectivity between the two domains. For example, the DVL1 peptide was determined to have moderate affinity to WW2 and strong selectivity for WW2 over WW1. Hydrogen bonds play a central role in selectivity.

2.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(46): 55307-55318, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34762410

RESUMO

Currently, the exploration of wearable strain sensors that can work under subzero temperatures while simultaneously possessing anti-interference capability toward temperature is still a grand challenge. Herein, we present a low-temperature wearable strain sensor that is constructed via the incorporation of a Ag nanowires/graphene (Ag NWs/G) composite into the polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) polymer. The Ag NWs/G/PDMS strain sensor exhibits promising flexibility at a very low temperature (-40 °C), outstanding fatigue resistance with low hysteresis energy, and near-zero temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR). The Ag NWs/G/PDMS strain sensor shows excellent sensing performance under subzero temperatures with a very high gauge factor of 9156 under a strain of >36%, accompanied by a noninterference characteristic to temperature (-40 to 20 °C). The Ag NWs/G/PDMS strain sensor also demonstrates the feasibility of monitoring various human movements such as finger bending, arm waving, wrist rotation, and knee bending under both room temperature and low-temperature conditions. This work initiates a new promising strategy to construct next-generation wearable strain sensors that can work stably and effectively under very low temperatures.

3.
Front Neurol ; 12: 752164, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34712200

RESUMO

Objective: Whether partial embolization could facilitate the post-stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) obliteration for brain arteriovenous malformations (bAVMs) remains controversial. We performed this study to compare the outcomes of SRS with and without prior embolization for bAVMs. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the Beijing Tiantan AVMs prospective registration research database from September 2011 to October 2014. Patients were categorized into two groups, combined upfront embolization and SRS (Em+SRS group) and SRS alone (SRS group), and we performed a propensity score matching analysis based on pre-embolization baseline characteristics; the matched groups each comprised 76 patients. Results: The obliteration rate was similar between SRS and Em+SRS (44.7 vs. 31.6%; OR, 1.754; 95% CI, 0.905-3.401; p = 0.096). However, the SRS group was superior to the Em+SRS group in terms of cumulative obliteration rate at a follow-up of 5 years (HR,1.778; 95% CI, 1.017-3.110; p = 0.033). The secondary outcomes, including functional state, post-SRS hemorrhage, all-cause mortality, and edema or cyst formation were similar between the matched cohorts. In the ruptured subgroup, the SRS group could achieve higher obliteration rate than Em+SRS group (56.5 vs. 31.9%; OR, 2.773; 95% CI, 1.190-6.464; p = 0.018). The cumulative obliteration rate at 5 years was also higher in the SRS group (64.5 vs. 41.3%; HR, 2.012; 95% CI, 1.037-3.903; p = 0.038), and the secondary outcomes were also similar between the matched cohorts. Conclusion: Although there was no significant difference in the overall obliteration rate between the two strategies, this study suggested that pre-SRS embolization may have a negative effect on post-SRS obliteration. Furthermore, the obliteration rates of the SRS only strategy was significantly higher than that of the Em+SRS strategy in the ruptured cohort, while no such phenomenon was found in the unruptured cohort.

4.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 5579359, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34373835

RESUMO

Background: Glioma is the most common malignant tumor of the brain in adult patients. The standardized treatment protocol is based on surgical therapy, supplemented with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. However, the prognosis is still unsatisfied. Chemoresistance is one of the most important reason for the poor prognosis of glioma patients. It has confirmed that glioma stem cell (GSC) is one of the reasons for chemoresistance. Methods: In this study, three datasets (GSE23806, COSMIC, and TCGA) were used to perform the analysis to search for the key genes related to GSC, temozolomide (TMZ) resistance, and prognosis. The key gene for further research was selected by reviewing the previous studies. The selected gene investigated the relation between expression levels and clinical characteristics in both TCGA and CGGA dataset. The bioinformatics analysis was performed by Gene Ontology (GO) analysis. The survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Results: AE binding protein 1 (AEBP1) was selected for further analysis. AEBP1 was overexpressed in GSCs and TMZ resistance cells. In both TCGA and CGGA dataset, the results showed that the expression level of AEBP1 was increased in glioblastoma (GBM) samples, IDH wild-type samples, and MGMT promoter unmethylated samples. Meanwhile, AEBP1 expression was positively related to several GSC markers. GO analysis showed that AEBP1 was related to immune response, cell adhesion, apoptotic process, inflammatory response, positive regulation of cell proliferation, angiogenesis, response to drug, and response to hypoxia. The survival analysis showed that the overexpressed level of AEBP1 was correlated with short survival time in both glioma and GBM patients. Conclusion: In summary, AEBP1 was related with GSC-induced TMZ resistance. Our study showed that AEBP1 might be an oncogene and a new effective therapeutic target for the treatment of glioma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/mortalidade , Carboxipeptidases/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Glioma/mortalidade , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Regulação para Cima , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Metilação de DNA , Metilases de Modificação do DNA/genética , Enzimas Reparadoras do DNA/genética , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Epigênese Genética , Feminino , Glioma/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Transplante de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Análise de Sobrevida , Temozolomida , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética
5.
Front Neurol ; 12: 647167, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33859610

RESUMO

Background and purpose: To evaluate whether a radiosurgery-based arteriovenous malformation (AVM) scale (RBAS) could be used to predict obliteration of brain arteriovenous malformations (bAVMs) supposed for combined endovascular embolization (EMB) and gamma knife surgery (GKS) treatment. Methods: bAVM patients who underwent GKS with or without previous EMB from January 2011 to December 2016 at our institution were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were categorized into a combined treatment group and a GKS group. A 1:1 propensity score matching (PSM) was used to match the two groups. Pre-EMB and pre-GKS RBAS were assessed for every patient. Multivariate analysis was performed to find factors associated with complete obliteration in the combined treatment group. Survival analysis based on sub-groups according to RBAS was performed to compare obliteration rate and find cutoffs for appropriate treatment modalities. Results: A total of 96 patients were involved, and each group comprised 48 patients. There was no difference between the two groups in terms of obliteration rate (75.0 vs. 83.3%, p = 0.174). Pre-EMB RBAS (p = 0.010) and the number of feeding arteries (p = 0.014) were independent factors associated with obliteration rate in the combined treatment group. For the combined treatment patients, sub-group analysis according to pre-EMB RBAS (score <1.0, 1.0-1.5, and >1.5) showed statistical difference in obliteration rate (p = 0.002). Sub-group analysis according to RBAS between the two groups showed that the obliteration rate of the GKS group is significantly higher than the combined group when RBAS >1.5 (47.4 vs. 66.7%, p = 0.036). Conclusions: The RBAS is proposed to be efficient in predicting obliteration of bAVMs supposed to receive combined EMB and GKS treatment. Patients with RBAS >1.5 are inclined to be more suitable for GKS instead of the combined treatment.

6.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 609588, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33679374

RESUMO

Background: More and more elderly patients are being diagnosed with arteriovenous malformation (AVM) in this global aging society, while the treatment strategy remains controversial among these aging population. This study aimed to clarify the long-term outcomes of elderly AVMs after different management modalities. Methods: The authors retrospectively reviewed 71 elderly AVMs (>60 years) in two tertiary neurosurgery centers between 2011 and 2019. Patients were divided into four groups: conservation, microsurgery, embolization, and stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). The perioperative complications, short-term and long-term neurological outcomes, obliteration rates, annualized rupture risk, and mortality rates were compared among different management modalities in the ruptured and unruptured subgroups. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was employed to compare the death-free survival rates among different management modalities. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to calculate the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for predictors of long-term unfavorable outcomes (mRS > 2). Results: A total of 71 elderly AVMs were followed up for an average of 4.2 ± 2.3 years. Fifty-four (76.1%) presented with hemorrhage, and the preoperative annualized rupture risk was 9.4%. Among these patients, 21 cases (29.6%) received conservative treatment, 30 (42.3%) underwent microsurgical resection, 13 (18.3%) received embolization, and 7 (9.9%) underwent SRS. In the prognostic comparison, the short-term and long-term neurological outcomes were similar between conservation and intervention both in the ruptured and unruptured subgroups (ruptured: p = 0.096, p = 0.904, respectively; unruptured: p = 0.568, p = 0.306, respectively). In the ruptured subgroup, the intervention cannot reduce long-term mortality (p = 0.654) despite the significant reduction of subsequent hemorrhage than conservation (p = 0.014), and the main cause of death in the intervention group was treatment-related complications (five of seven, 71.4%). In the logistic regression analysis, higher admission mRS score (OR 3.070, 95% CI 1.559-6.043, p = 0.001) was the independent predictor of long-term unfavorable outcomes (mRS>2) in the intervention group, while complete obliteration (OR 0.146, 95% CI 0.026-0.828, p = 0.030) was the protective factor. Conclusions: The long-term outcomes of elderly AVMs after different management modalities were similar. Intervention for unruptured elderly AVMs was not recommended. For those ruptured, we should carefully weigh the risk of subsequent hemorrhage and treatment-related complications. Besides, complete obliteration should be pursued once the intervention was initiated. Clinical Trial Registration: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT04136860.

7.
J Mol Graph Model ; 105: 107898, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33784524

RESUMO

Oncogenic protein farnesyltransferase (FTase) is a key enzyme responsible for the lipid modification of a large and important number of proteins including Ras, which has been recognized as a druggable target of diverse cancers. Here, we report a systematic scaffold-based analysis to investigate the affinity, selectivity and cross-reactivity of nonpeptide inhibitors across ontology-enriched, disease-associated FTase mutants, by integrating multiple similarity matching, binding affinity scoring and enzyme inhibition assay. It is revealed that nonpeptide inhibitors are generally insensitive to FTase mutations; many of them cannot definitely select for wild-type target over mutant enzymes. Therefore, off-target is observed as a common phenomenon for the untargeted consequence of targeted therapies with FTase inhibition. This is not unexpected if considering that the enzyme active site is highly conserved in composition, configuration and function. The off-target, on the one hand, causes nonpeptide inhibitors with adverse drug reactions and, on the other hand, makes the inhibitors as promising candidates for the new use of old drugs. To practice the latter, a number of unexpected mutant-inhibitor interactions involved in cancer signaling pathways are uncovered in the created profile, from which several nonpeptide inhibitors are identified as insensitive to a drug-resistant mutation. Structural analysis suggests that the inhibitor ligands can bind to the mutant active site in a similar manner with wild-type target, although their nonbonded interactions appear to be impaired moderately upon the mutation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Domínio Catalítico , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Farnesiltranstransferase/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/genética
8.
Stroke Vasc Neurol ; 6(1): 65-73, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928999

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study are to clarify the long-term outcomes of brainstem arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) after different management modalities. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed 61 brainstem AVMs in their institution between 2011 and 2017. The rupture risk was represented by annualised haemorrhagic rate. Patients were divided into five groups: conservation, microsurgery, embolisation, stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and embolisation+SRS. Neurofunctional outcomes were evaluated by the modified Rankin Scale (mRS). Subgroup analysis was conducted between different management modalities to compare the long-term outcomes in rupture or unruptured cohorts. RESULTS: All of 61 brainstem AVMs (12 unruptured and 49 ruptured) were followed up for an average of 4.5 years. The natural annualised rupture risk was 7.3%, and the natural annualised reruptured risk in the ruptured cohort was 8.9%. 13 cases were conservative managed and 48 cases underwent intervention (including 6 microsurgery, 12 embolisation, 21 SRS and 9 embolisation+SRS). In the selection of interventional indication, diffuse nidus were often suggested conservative management (p=0.004) and nidus involving the midbrain were more likely to be recommended for intervention (p=0.034). The risk of subsequent haemorrhage was significantly increased in partial occlusion compared with complete occlusion and conservative management (p<0.001, p=0.036, respectively). In the subgroup analysis, the follow-up mRS scores of different management modalities were similar whether in the rupture cohort (p=0.064) or the unruptured cohort (p=0.391), as well as the haemorrhage-free survival (p=0.145). In the adjusted Bonferroni correction analysis of the ruptured cohort, microsurgery and SRS could significantly improve the obliteration rate compared with conservation (p<0.001, p=0.001, respectively) and SRS may have positive effect on avoiding new-onset neurofunctional deficit compared with microsurgery and embolisation (p=0.003, p=0.003, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Intervention has similar neurofunctional outcomes as conservation in these brainstem AVM cohorts. If intervention is adopted, partial obliteration should be avoided because of the high subsequent rupture risk. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04136860.

9.
Front Oncol ; 11: 769533, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34988014

RESUMO

Background and Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify morphologic and dosimetric features associated with volume reduction velocity for arteriovenous malformation (AVM) after dose-stage stereotactic radiosurgery (DS-SRS). Methods: Thirty patients with intracranial AVM were treated with DS fractionated SRS at Beijing Tiantan Hospital from 2011 to 2019. The AVM nidus was automatically segmented from DICOMRT files using the 3D Slicer software. The change in lesion volume was obtained from the decrease in the planning target volume (PTV) between the two treatment sessions. The volume reduction velocity was measured by the change in volume divided by the time interval between treatments. Fourteen morphologic features of AVM prior to treatment were extracted from the PTV using 'Pyradiomics' implemented in Python. Along with other dosimetric features, univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to explore predictors of the volume reduction velocity. Results: Among the 15 male (50.0%) and 15 female (50.0%) patients enrolled in this study, 17 patients (56.7%) initially presented with hemorrhage. The mean treatment interval between the initial and second SRS was 35.73 months. In multivariate analysis, the SurfaceVolumeRatio was the only independent factor associated with the volume reduction velocity (p=0.010, odds ratio=0.720, 95% confidence interval: 0.560-0.925). The area under the curve of this feature for predicting the volume reduction velocity after the initial treatment of DS-SRS was 0.83. (p=0.0018). Conclusions: The morphologic features correlated well with the volume reduction velocity in patients with intracranial AVM who underwent DS-SRS treatment. The SurfaceVolumeRatio could predict the rate of volume reduction of AVMs after DS-SRS.

10.
Chin Neurosurg J ; 6: 26, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32922955

RESUMO

Background: In the benefit of the large population and rapid economic growth, the interventional techniques and equipment for brain arteriovenous malformations (bAVMs) in mainland China have been rapidly improved. Chinese neurosurgical cerebrovascular physicians have accumulated rich experience and made pioneering explorations. This study aims to summarize the experience and treatment progress of bAVMs in mainland China. Methods: We performed a web-based nationwide questionnaire survey among 67 tertiary neurosurgical institutions that had acknowledged treating bAVMs in the primary survey. Our questionnaire included clinical characteristics, radiological findings, intervention indications/contraindications, intervention timing, and intraoperative management of different treatment modalities. Results: A total of 63 participants from 49 (73.1%) tertiary neurosurgical institutions responded to our questionnaire. Forty-two (66.7%) were neurosurgeons, 13 (20.6%) were neurointerventionists, and 8 (12.7%) were radiosurgeons. Approximately 3500 to 4000 cases of bAVMs were treated annually in these 49 departments. All participants agreed that the conclusions of ARUBA are debatable. Flow-related aneurysms, deep venous drainage, and arteriovenous fistula were considered as common hemorrhagic risk factors. Unruptured SM IV-V bAVMs, giant bAVMs, pediatric bAVMs, elderly bAVMs, and eloquent bAVMs were not absolute contraindications to intervention. Maximum lesion occlusion and minimal functional impairment were the principles of intervention management. Most of the neurosurgeons and neurointerventionists recommended early intervention (< 30 days) for ruptured bAVMs, and the radiosurgeons suggested intervention in the chronic phase or recovery phase (P < 0.01) and preferably 3 months after bleeding. Multi-modality strategies were thought effective for complex bAVMs, and more exploration of individualized intraoperative management was necessary. Conclusions: Intervention was acceptable for specific selected unruptured bAVMs in mainland China, especially in patients with hemorrhagic risk factors. The application of multidisciplinary cerebrovascular team and multicenter large-sample international registry study might be the next work for Chinese neurosurgical cerebrovascular physicians.

11.
Cell Cycle ; 19(10): 1158-1171, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32308102

RESUMO

Objective: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have already been proposed to function in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the role of lncRNA BACE1-AS in PD has never been discussed. This study aims to examine the mechanism of BACE1-AS on oxidative stress injury of dopaminergic neurons in PD rats.Methods: Rat models of PD were established through the injection of 6-hydroxydopamine. The rotation of rats was induced by intraperitoneal injection of apomorphine, and number of rotations per minute was detected. The levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), glutamic acid (Glu), dopamine (DA), tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), α-synuclein and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the substantia nigra of rats in each group were detected. Apoptosis and pathological changes in the substantia nigra were also observed. BACE1-AS, miR-34b-5p, BACE1, Bax and Bcl-2 expression in the substantia nigra were detected. The binding of BACE1-AS and miR-34b-5p and the targeting relationship of miR-34b-5p and BACE1 were further determined.Results: Downregulated BACE1-AS reduced iNOS, α-synuclein and Glu levels and elevated DA and TH levels in the substantia nigra of PD rats. Downregulated BACE1-AS repressed apoptosis and oxidative stress injury in the substantia nigra neurons of PD rats. BACE1-AS specifically bound to miR-34b-5p. BACE1 was a direct target gene of miR-34b-5p.Conclusion: Collectively, our study reveals that downregulation of lncRNA BACE1-AS inhibits iNOS activation in the substantial nigra and improve oxidative stress injury in PD rats by upregulating miR-34b-5p and downregulating BACE1.


Assuntos
Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/genética , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/genética , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Hidroxidopaminas/administração & dosagem , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença de Parkinson Secundária/metabolismo , RNA Antissenso/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Regulação para Cima/genética , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos/metabolismo , Vetores Genéticos/administração & dosagem , Hidroxidopaminas/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Doença de Parkinson Secundária/induzido quimicamente , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Substância Negra/metabolismo
12.
J Neurosurg ; 134(3): 1122-1131, 2020 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32244212

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Central neurocytomas (CNs) are uncommon intraventricular tumors, and their rarity renders the risk-to-benefit profile of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) unknown. The aim of this multicenter, retrospective cohort study was to evaluate the outcomes of SRS for CNs and identify predictive factors. METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed a cohort of patients with CNs treated with SRS at 10 centers between 1994 and 2018. Tumor recurrences were classified as local or distant. Adverse radiation effects (AREs) and the need for a CSF shunt were also evaluated. RESULTS: The study cohort comprised 60 patients (median age 30 years), 92% of whom had undergone prior resection or biopsy and 8% received their diagnosis based on imaging alone. The median tumor volume and margin dose were 5.9 cm3 and 13 Gy, respectively. After a median clinical follow-up of 61 months, post-SRS tumor recurrence occurred in 8 patients (13%). The 5- and 10-year local tumor control rates were 93% and 87%, respectively. The 5- and 10-year progression-free survival rates were 89% and 80%, respectively. AREs were observed in 4 patients (7%), but only 1 was symptomatic (2%). Two patients underwent post-SRS tumor resection (3%). Prior radiotherapy was a predictor of distant tumor recurrence (p = 0.044). Larger tumor volume was associated with pre-SRS shunt surgery (p = 0.022). CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of appropriately selected CNs with SRS achieves good tumor control rates with a reasonable complication profile. Distant tumor recurrence and dissemination were observed in a small proportion of patients, which underscores the importance of close post-SRS surveillance of CN patients. Patients with larger CNs are more likely to require shunt surgery before SRS.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Neurocitoma/cirurgia , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Derivações do Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neurocitoma/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Radiocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
13.
Chemosphere ; 241: 124971, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590024

RESUMO

Organophosphate triesters (OPEs) have caused great concern as a class of emerging environmental contaminants due to their widespread use and their toxicity to organisms. However, the phototransformation behavior of OPE is still not fully understood, which is important for understanding their environmental fate. In the present study, the photodegradation of tricresyl phosphate (TCP), one of the most widely detected OPEs in aqueous environments, was investigated including the direct photolysis and in the presence of several natural water factors, NO2-, Fe3+ and humic acid. The degradation process followed the pseudo-first-order kinetics, with rate constant increasing slightly with increasing initial TCP concentration. The presence of NO2- and Fe3+ was observed to promote the photochemical loss of TCP, while humic acid played a negative role on TCP transformation. Electron spin resonance (EPR) analysis showed that carbon-centered radical was produced in the photolysis process of TCP, and hydroxyl radical contributed to the promotion of rate constant for Fe3+ and NO2-. Four photolysis products were tentatively identified by HPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS analysis, and the possible degradation pathways of TCP were proposed. These findings provide a meaningful reference for the fate and transformation of OPEs in natural water.


Assuntos
Fotólise , Tritolil Fosfatos/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Cloretos/química , Compostos Férricos/química , Substâncias Húmicas/análise , Radical Hidroxila/análise , Cinética , Nitrito de Sódio/química , Tritolil Fosfatos/análise , Tritolil Fosfatos/efeitos da radiação , Água/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/efeitos da radiação
14.
World Neurosurg ; 2019 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30660894

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term clinical outcomes of Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) for residual and recurrent nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) after surgery and the role of GKRS in the management of NFPAs. METHODS: Between January 2000 and December 2010, 204 patients with residual or recurrent NFPAs undergoing GKRS were enrolled in this study according to the inclusion criteria. The median age of the patients was 48 years (mean, 48 years; range, 14-79 years). The median tumor volume was 3.3 mL (mean, 5.2 mL; range, 0.3-26.4 mL). The median margin dose was 14 Gy (mean, 14 Gy; range, 9-18 Gy). The median maximum dose was 31 Gy (mean, 30 Gy; 20-40 Gy). The median duration of follow-up was 86 months (mean, 88 months; range, 12-213 months). RESULTS: Of these 204 patients, the latest follow-up magnetic resonance imaging studies showed tumor regression in 102 patients (50%), tumor stability in 81 patients (40%), and tumor enlargement in 21 patients (10%). The tumor control rate of this cohort was 90%. The cumulative progression-free survival at 3, 5, 8, 10, and 15 years was 97%, 95%, 92%, 92%, and 81%, respectively. Thirty-seven patients (18%) developed new-onset hypopituitarism, with 1 patient experiencing panhypopituitarism. Five patients (2.5%) presented with new or worsening visual dysfunction without tumor growth. No new cranial nerve dysfunction was shown and no second brain tumor was identified. CONCLUSIONS: GKRS provided high tumor control and a low complication rate in our long-term follow-up. We recommend that early GKRS should be considered the routine adjuvant treatment for residual NFPAs approximately 6 months after subtotal surgical resection.

15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(46): 40317-40327, 2018 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335931

RESUMO

Steel corrosion is a global problem in marine engineering. Numerous inhibitory treatments have been applied to mitigate the degradation of metallic materials; however, they typically have a high cost and are not environmental friendly. Here, we present a novel and "green" approach for the protection of steel by a marine bacterium Pseudoalteromonas lipolytica. This approach protects steel from corrosion in seawater via the formation of a biofilm followed by the formation of an organic-inorganic hybrid film. The hybrid film is composed of multiple layers of calcite and bacterial extracellular polymeric substances, exhibiting high and stable barrier protection efficiency and further providing an in situ self-healing activity. The process involving the key transition from biofilm to biomineralized film is essential for its lasting anticorrosion activity, which overcomes the instability of biofilm protection on corrosion. Therefore, this study introduces a new perspective and an option for anticorrosion control in marine environments.


Assuntos
Biofilmes , Pseudoalteromonas , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Microbiologia da Água , Celulose/química , Corrosão , Eletroquímica , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Oceanos e Mares , Plasmídeos/metabolismo , Polímeros/química , Aço , Temperatura , Difração de Raios X
16.
Nanotechnology ; 29(18): 185707, 2018 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29457781

RESUMO

In this work, we realized the large-scale synthesis of WO3 · H2O nanoflakes (NFs), g-C3N4/WO3 · H2O nanocomposite (NC) and graphene (G)/WO3 · H2O NC via a sonochemical process with tungsten salt as the precursor, g-C3N4 or G sheets as the supports, and distilled water as the solvent. Both the g-C3N4/WO3 · H2O NC and G/WO3 · H2O NC exhibited much better electrochromic (EC) performance (higher coloration efficiencies and faster response times) than that of the WO3 · H2O NFs. Using the WO3 · H2O-based materials as electrode materials, EC batteries that integrate the energy storage and EC functions in one device have been assembled. The energy status of the EC batteries could be visually indicated by the reversible color variations. Compared with the plain WO3 · H2O-based EC batteries, the NC-based EC batteries possessed a lower color contrast between the charged and discharged conditions but much longer discharge durations. The EC batteries could be quickly charged in a few seconds by adding H2O2, and the charged batteries exhibited significantly-enhanced discharging durations in comparison with the initial ones. The g-C3N4/WO3 · H2O NC-EC batteries charged by a small amount of H2O2 could produce a long discharging duration up to 760 min.

17.
Sci Total Environ ; 622-623: 1-7, 2018 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29197640

RESUMO

Halogenated organic pollutants (HOPs), as ubiquitous environment contaminants, have attracted increasing concerns due to the potential adverse health impacts on organisms and even humans. Waste water treatment plants (WWTPs) are one source of HOPs to the environment through their discharge of treated effluent. In this study, the presence and profiles of 6 halogenated phenols (HP), 17 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) and 11 hydroxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (OH-PBDE) were investigated in 12 WWTP effluent samples collected near Huang-Bo Sea in Dalian, China. These targeted organohalogen pollutants were found in all the effluent samples with the total concentrations of ΣHPs, ΣPBDEs and ΣOH-PBDEs ranging from 77.2 to 168.5ng/L, from not-detected to 5.3ng/L and from 0.08 to 0.88ng/L, respectively. The most abundant congeners of HPs and PBDEs in the effluents were pentachlorophenol (PCP), BDE-47 and BDE-99, while for OH-PBDEs, 6-OH-BDE-47 and 5-OH-BDE-47 were the most abundant. In addition, the statistical analysis showed that a significant (p<0.05) positive correlation was observed between BDE-47 and its metabolite 6-OH-BDE-47, indicating that PBDEs may be a source of OH-PBDEs detected in the effluents.

18.
Nanotechnology ; 28(13): 135705, 2017 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28206981

RESUMO

A novel sandwich-like MnO2/g-C3N4 nanocomposite (NC) based on the integration of high-density MnO2 nanorods (NRs) onto the surfaces of two-dimensional (2D) g-C3N4 sheets has been successfully fabricated through a facile soft chemical route at low temperature. The MnO2/g-C3N4 NC electrode enhanced the supercapacitor (SC) performance, benchmarked against both the bare MnO2 NRs electrode and the MnO2/graphene oxide (GO) NC electrode, exhibiting high specific capacitance of 211 F/g at a current density of 1 A/g, with good rate capacity and cycling stability. The sandwich-like hybrid structure, the unique 2D structure of the g-C3N4 sheets and the presence of nitrogen in the g-C3N4 all contributed to the promising SC performance of the MnO2/g-C3N4 NC. This work demonstrated the advantages of the g-C3N4 sheets over the commonly-used GO sheets in the design of novel hybrid composite for enhanced capacitance performance of MnO2-based electrochemical SCs, and the results could be extended to other electrode materials for SCs.

19.
ACS Nano ; 10(3): 3648-57, 2016 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26886173

RESUMO

Colloidal nanocrystals of fully inorganic cesium lead halide (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, I, or combinations thereof) perovskites have attracted much attention for photonic and optoelectronic applications. Herein, we demonstrate a facile room-temperature (e.g., 25 °C), ligand-mediated reprecipitation strategy for systematically manipulating the shape of CsPbX3 colloidal nanocrystals, such as spherical quantum dots, nanocubes, nanorods, and nanoplatelets. The colloidal spherical quantum dots of CsPbX3 were synthesized with photoluminescence (PL) quantum yield values up to >80%, and the corresponding PL emission peaks covering the visible range from 380 to 693 nm. Besides spherical quantum dots, the shape of CsPbX3 nanocrystals could be engineered into nanocubes, one-dimensional nanorods, and two-dimensional few-unit-cell-thick nanoplatelets with well-defined morphology by choosing different organic acid and amine ligands via the reprecipitation process. The shape-dependent PL decay lifetimes have been determined to be several to tens to hundreds of nanoseconds. Our method provides a facile and versatile route to rationally control the shape of the CsPbX3 perovskites nanocrystals, which will create opportunities for applications such as displays, lasing, light-emitting diodes, solar concentrators, and photon detection.

20.
J Neurosurg ; 121 Suppl: 143-9, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25434947

RESUMO

OBJECT: The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term clinical outcomes after Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) for patients with neurofibromatosis Type 2 (NF2) and the role of GKS in the management of NF2. METHODS: From December 1994 through December 2008, a total of 46 patients (21 male, 25 female) with NF2 underwent GKS and follow-up evaluation for at least 5 years at the Gamma Knife Center of the Beijing Neurosurgical Institute. GKS was performed using the Leksell Gamma Knife Models B and C. The mean age of the patients was 30 years (range 13-59 years). A family history of NF2 was found for 9 (20%) patients. The NF2 phenotype was thought to be Wishart for 20 (44%) and Feiling-Gardner for 26 (56%) patients. Among these 46 patients, GKS was performed to treat 195 tumors (73 vestibular schwannomas and 122 other tumors including other schwannomas and meningiomas). For vestibular schwannomas, the mean volume was 5.1 cm(3) (median 3.6 cm(3), range 0.3-27.3 cm(3)), the mean margin dose was 12.9 Gy (range 10-14 Gy), and the mean maximum dose was 27.3 Gy (range 16.2-40 Gy). For other tumors, the mean volume was 1.7 cm(3) (range 0.3-5.5 cm(3)), the mean margin dose was 13.3 Gy (range 11-14 Gy), and the mean maximum dose was 26.0 Gy (range 18.0-30.4 Gy). The median duration of follow-up was 109 months (range 8-195 months). RESULTS: For the 73 vestibular schwannomas that underwent GKS, the latest follow-up MR images demonstrated regression of 30 (41%) tumors, stable size for 31 (43%) tumors, and enlargement of 12 (16%) tumors. The total rate of tumor control for bilateral vestibular schwannomas in patients with NF2 was 84%. Of the 122 other types of tumors that underwent GKS, 103 (85%) showed no tumor enlargement. The rate of serviceable hearing preservation after GKS was 31.9% (15/47). The actuarial rates for hearing preservation at 3 years, 5 years, 10 years, and 15 years were 98%, 93%, 44%, and 17%, respectively. Of the 46 patients, 22 (48%) became completely bilaterally deaf, 17 (37%) retained unilateral serviceable hearing, and 7 (15%) retained bilateral serviceable hearing. The mean history of the disease course was 12 years (range 5-38 years). CONCLUSIONS: GKS was confirmed to provide long-term local tumor control for small- to medium-sized vestibular schwannomas and other types of tumors, although vestibular schwannomas in patients with NF2 responded less well than did unilateral sporadic vestibular schwannomas. Phenotype is the most strongly predictive factor of final outcome after GKS for patients with NF2. The risk for loss of hearing is high, whereas the risk for other cranial nerve complications is low.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Neurofibromatose 2/cirurgia , Neuroma Acústico/cirurgia , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Audição , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Neoplasias Meníngeas/mortalidade , Meningioma/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neurofibromatose 2/mortalidade , Neuroma Acústico/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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