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Phys Rev Lett ; 127(2): 027602, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296905


How superconductivity interacts with charge or nematic order is one of the great unresolved issues at the center of research in quantum materials. Ba_{1-x}Sr_{x}Ni_{2}As_{2} (BSNA) is a charge ordered pnictide superconductor recently shown to exhibit a sixfold enhancement of superconductivity due to nematic fluctuations near a quantum phase transition (at x_{c}=0.7) [1]. The superconductivity is, however, anomalous, with the resistive transition for 0.4

Sci Adv ; 5(8): eaax3346, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31453340


Charge order is universal among high-T c cuprates, but its relation to superconductivity is unclear. While static order competes with superconductivity, dynamic order may be favorable and even contribute to Cooper pairing. Using time-resolved resonant soft x-ray scattering at a free-electron laser, we show that the charge order in prototypical La2-x Ba x CuO4 exhibits transverse fluctuations at picosecond time scales. These sub-millielectron volt excitations propagate by Brownian-like diffusion and have an energy scale remarkably close to the superconducting T c. At sub-millielectron volt energy scales, the dynamics are governed by universal scaling laws defined by the propagation of topological defects. Our results show that charge order in La2-x Ba x CuO4 exhibits dynamics favorable to the in-plane superconducting tunneling and establish time-resolved x-rays as a means to study excitations at energy scales inaccessible to conventional scattering techniques.

Phys Rev Lett ; 122(14): 147601, 2019 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31050473


Ba(Ni_{1-x}Co_{x})_{2}As_{2} is a structural homologue of the pnictide high temperature superconductor, Ba(Fe_{1-x}Co_{x})_{2}As_{2}, in which the Fe atoms are replaced by Ni. Superconductivity is highly suppressed in this system, reaching a maximum T_{c}=2.3 K, compared to 24 K in its iron-based cousin, and the origin of this T_{c} suppression is not known. Using x-ray scattering, we show that Ba(Ni_{1-x}Co_{x})_{2}As_{2} exhibits a unidirectional charge density wave (CDW) at its triclinic phase transition. The CDW is incommensurate, exhibits a sizable lattice distortion, and is accompanied by the appearance of α Fermi surface pockets in photoemission [B. Zhou et al., Phys. Rev. B 83, 035110 (2011)PRBMDO1098-012110.1103/PhysRevB.83.035110], suggesting it forms by an unconventional mechanism. Co doping suppresses the CDW, paralleling the behavior of antiferromagnetism in iron-based superconductors. Our study demonstrates that pnictide superconductors can exhibit competing CDW order, which may be the origin of T_{c} suppression in this system.