Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 264
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(3): e18847, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011502

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acupuncture has been widely used to treat primary dysmenorrhea (PD) with satisfactory outcomes. Sanyinjiao (SP6) is the most commonly used acupoint for PD. Different needling techniques may influence the effect of SP6, and its underlying mechanism needs to be explored. This randomized controlled parallel trial is designed to evaluate the immediate analgesic effect and hemodynamic responses in uterine arterial blood flow of perpendicular needling and transverse needling at SP6 in patients with PD of cold-dampness stagnation pattern using color doppler ultrasonography. METHODS: Forty-eight patients who meet inclusion criteria will be randomized in a ratio of 1:1 to either perpendicular needling or transverse needling groups. Every participant will receive 1 session of acupuncture treatment for 10 minutes at bilateral SP6. In the perpendicular needling group, needles will be inserted vertically 1 to 1.2 cun and will be manipulated to achieve needling sensation. In transverse needling group, the needles will be inserted transversely 1 to 1.2 cun toward the abdomen without any manipulation to avoid needling sensation. Color doppler ultrasonography will be performed before, during, and after needling. The primary outcome measure is visual analog scale for pain. The secondary outcome measures include the uterine artery blood flow changes by measuring pulsatility index, resistance index values, and ratio of systolic peak and diastolic peak, the Hamilton anxiety scale, blood pressure, and heart rate. Adverse events in both groups also will be recorded. DISCUSSION: This trial will be the first study protocol designed to explore the influence of needling techniques on the analgesia effect of solo acupoint and its hemodynamic responses for PD. It will promote more widespread awareness of the benefits of using suitable needling techniques in acupuncture clinical setting and provide a further explanation of the underlying hemodynamic mechanism. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol was registered at the Chinese clinical trial registry (ChiCTR1900026051).

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022423

RESUMO

AIM: To compare the pregnancy outcomes after day 5 blastocyst-stage embryo transfers (BET) versus day 6 BET following vitrified-warmed cycle and to evaluate whether the number of embryos transferred and the chromosomal status of embryo influence effect estimates. METHODS: A literature search (PubMed, Embase and MEDLINE) up to January 2019 was conducted to identify studies where women with day 6 BET were compared to women with day 5 BET. Only studies published in English language, on peer-reviewed journal were considered eligible. The following subgroup analyses were performed: (i) number of embryos transferred and (ii) chromosomal status of embryo. RESULTS: From a total of 1956 articles identified, 23 observational studies were included in the meta-analysis. We observed that day 6 BET were associated with lower implantation rate (risk ratio, RR: 1.17, 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.10-1.24), clinical pregnancy rate (RR: 1.17, 95% CI: 1.10-1.24), ongoing pregnancy rate (RR: 1.15, 95% CI: 1.07-1.24) and live birth rate (RR: 1.22, 95% CI: 1.11-1.33) than day 5 BET following vitrified-warmed cycle. The subgroup analysis found that the superiority of day 5 BET compared with day 6 BET is influenced by the number of embryos transferred and chromosomal status of embryos. CONCLUSION: Current evidence shows that day 5 BET is superior to day 6 BET following vitrified-warmed cycle in clinical practice. Due to the overall low quality of available evidence, more larger and well-conducted studies are needed to compare the pregnancy outcomes between day 5 and day 6 BET before drawing a clear conclusion.

3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(4): 4333-4342, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31935068

RESUMO

The abuse of antibiotics resulted in the emergence of antibiotics-resistant bacteria, which has raised a great social concern together with the impetus to develop effective antibacterial materials. Herein, the synthesis of biocompatible enzyme-responsive Ag nanoparticle assemblies (ANAs) and their application in the high-efficiency targeted antimicrobial treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) have been demonstrated. The ANAs could collapse and undergo stable/collapsed transition on approaching MRSA because of the serine protease-like B enzyme proteins (SplB)-triggered decomposition of the branched copolymers which have been employed as the macrotemplate in the synthesis of responsive ANAs. This transition contributed greatly to the high targeting affinity and efficiency of ANAs to MRSA. The minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration against MRSA were 2.0 and 32.0 µg mL-1, respectively. Skin wound healing experiments confirmed that the responsive ANAs could serve as an effective wound dressing to accelerate the healing of MRSA infection.

4.
Brain Res ; 1730: 146651, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926128

RESUMO

Reactive oxygen species, inflammation, and apoptosis are major contributors to secondary injuries that follow traumatic brain injury (TBI) in diabetic patients. Hydrogen (H2) can selectively neutralize reactive oxygen species and downregulate inflammatory and apoptotic factors. Therefore, we investigated the effects of inhaled high and low concentrations of hydrogen on neurological function after TBI in diabetic rats and the potential mechanism. We found that the inhalation of high concentrations of H2 significantly improved outcomes following TBI in diabetic rats. The inhalation of 42% H2 for one hour per day for 48 h significantly reduced brain edema, decreased the extravasation of sodium fluorescein, and reduced oxidative stress markers (p < 0.05). In addition, the inhalation of a high concentration of H2 (42% for one hour per day for 7 days) improved neurological deficits (p < 0.05) and reduced the expression of apoptotic protein markers (p < 0.05). However, the inhalation of 3% H2 did not yield significant effects. These results showed that the inhalation of 42% H2 can alleviate nerve damage and improve neurological function after TBI in diabetic rats. Therefore, the inhalation of a high concentration of H2 may be associated with the treatment of traumatic brain injuries.

5.
J Dairy Sci ; 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31928753

RESUMO

Ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with a quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometryElevated Energy was used to investigate changes in the metabolite profile of brown milk and fermented brown milk produced using Streptococcus thermophilus S10. Samples were analyzed in both positive and negative electron ionization modes. Data were analyzed by multivariate statistical methods for biomarker metabolites that were differentially abundant in brown milk and fermented brown milk. We identified 43 differentially abundant metabolites based on mass spectrophotometry fragmentation patterns. These metabolites included peptides, AA, fatty acids and related metabolites, carbohydrate metabolites, vitamins, and nucleosides. Some of these metabolites are known to alter the sensorial quality of fermented dairy products. Thus, it is likely that some of the currently identified differentially abundant metabolites also contribute to the unique flavor, taste, and aroma of fermented brown milk. The bitterness and astringency of fermented brown milk are likely to be due to some of these peptides, whereas the sweetness and sourness could be a result of changes in carbohydrate levels. No previous study has analyzed metabolomics changes during fermentation of brown milk. Thus, our data are a valuable reference for future development and improvement of fermented brown milk products.

6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967623

RESUMO

A dual-emissive tris-heteroleptic ruthenium complex is designed, synthesized and applied for the ratiometric photoluminescent detection of amyloid-ß (Aß) aggregation in both steady and transient states. The Aß aggregation is supported by transmission electron microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy analysis. In addition, molecular docking calculations have been performed to gain insights into the interaction mode between the ruthenium complex and Aß fibrils.

7.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 8(2): e1079, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867841

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One of the major challenges in managing invasive breast cancer (BC) is the lack of reliable biomarkers to track response. Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) from liquid biopsy, as a candidate biomarker, provides a valuable assessment of BC patients. In this retrospective study, we evaluated the utility of ctDNA to reflect the efficacy of treatment and to monitor resistance mechanisms. METHODS: Targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) of 416 cancer-relevant genes was performed on 41 plasma biopsy samples of 19 HER2+ and 12 HER2- BC patients. Longitudinal ctDNA samples were analyzed in three BC patients over the treatment course for detecting acquired mutations. RESULTS: In HER2+ BC patients, ERBB2 somatic copy numbers in ctDNA samples were significantly higher in patients progressed on HER2-targeted therapy than those who were still responding to the treatment. Recurrent acquired mutations were detected in genes including ERBB2, TP53, EGFR, NF1, and SETD2, which may contribute to trastuzumab resistance. In longitudinal analyses, the observed mutation allele frequencies were tracked closely in concordance with treatment responses. A novel ERBB2 p.(Leu869Arg) mutation was acquired in one patient upon resistant to trastuzumab therapy, which was further validated as an oncogenic mutation in vitro and contributed to resistance. In HER2- BC patients with chemotherapy resistance, genetic alterations on TP53, PIK3CA, and DNA damage repair genes were frequently observed. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, ctDNA monitoring, particularly longitudinal analyses, provides valuable insights into the assessment of targeted therapy efficacy and gene alterations underlying trastuzumab resistance and chemotherapy resistance in HER2+ and HER2- BC patients, respectively.

8.
Sci Immunol ; 4(42)2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31862865

RESUMO

Redundant mechanisms support immunoglobulin A (IgA) responses to intestinal antigens. These include multiple priming sites [mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs), Peyer's patches, and isolated lymphoid follicles] and various cytokines that promote class switch to IgA, even in the absence of T cells. Despite these backup mechanisms, vaccination against enteric pathogens such as rotavirus has limited success in some populations. Genetic and environmental signals experienced during early life are known to influence mucosal immunity, yet the mechanisms for how these exposures operate remain unclear. Here, we used rotavirus infection to follow antigen-specific IgA responses through time and in different gut compartments. Using genetic and pharmacological approaches, we tested the role of the lymphotoxin (LT) pathway-known to support IgA responses-at different developmental stages. We found that LT-ß receptor (LTßR) signaling in early life programs intestinal IgA responses in adulthood by affecting antibody class switch recombination to IgA and subsequent generation of IgA antibody-secreting cells within an intact MLN. In addition, early-life LTßR signaling dictates the phenotype and function of MLN stromal cells to support IgA responses in the adult. Collectively, our studies uncover new mechanistic insights into how early-life LTßR signaling affects mucosal immune responses during adulthood.

9.
J Clin Invest ; 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874105

RESUMO

Few therapies are currently available for patients with KRAS-driven cancers, highlighting the need to identify new molecular targets that modulate central downstream effector pathways. Here we found the miRNA cluster mir181ab1 as a key modulator of KRAS-driven oncogenesis. Ablation of Mir181ab1 in genetically-engineered mouse models of Kras-driven lung and pancreatic cancer was deleterious to tumor initiation and progression. Expression of both resident miRNAs in the Mir181ab1 cluster, miR181a1 and miR181b1, was necessary to rescue the Mir181ab1-loss phenotype underscoring their non-redundant role. In human cancer cells, depletion of miR181ab1 impaired proliferation and 3D growth, whereas overexpression provided a proliferative advantage. Lastly, we unveiled miR181ab1-regulated genes responsible for this phenotype. These studies identified what we believe to be a previously unknown role for miR181ab1 as a potential therapeutic target in two highly aggressive and difficult to treat KRAS-mutated cancers.

10.
Neuroendocrinology ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammation and oxidative stressplay important roles in energy imbalance and its complications.Recent research indicates that hypothalamic inflammation may contribute to the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome and cardiac dysfunction, but the mechanisms remain unclear. We hypothesized that suppression of proinflammatory pathway of IKKß/NF-κBin the hypothalamuscan improve energy balance and cardiac function in type 2 diabetic (T2D)rats. METHODS AND RESULTS: Normal rats and T2D rats received bilateral hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC) infusions of IKKß inhibitor SC-514 or vehicle via osmotic minipump.Metabolic phenotyping, immunohistochemical analyses, and biochemical analyses were used to investigate the outcomes of inhibition of the hypothalamic IKKß. Echocardiography and glucometer were used for measuring cardiac function and blood glucose,respectively. Blood samples were collected for the evaluation of circulating proinflammatory cytokines (PICs). Heart was harvested for cardiacmorphology evaluations. The ARC was harvested and analyzed for IKKß, NF-κB, PICs, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and NAD(P)H (gp91phox,p47phox) oxidase activitylevels and neuropeptides.Compared with normal rats, T2D rats were characterized by hyperglycaemia, hyperinsulinemia, glucose intolerance, cardiac dysfunction, as well as higher ARC levels of IKKß, NF-κB, PICs, ROS, gp91phox and p47phox. ARC infusion of IKKß inhibitor SC-514 attenuated all these changes in T2D rats, but not in normal rats. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that hypothalamic IKKß/NF-κB pathway plays a key role in modulatingenergy imbalance and cardiac dysfunction, suggesting its potential therapeutic role during type 2diabetes.

11.
BMC Plant Biol ; 19(1): 469, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690290

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Soybean (Glycine max (L.)) is one the most important oil-yielding cash crops. However, the soybean production has been seriously restricted by salinization. It is therefore crucial to identify salt tolerance-related genes and reveal molecular mechanisms underlying salt tolerance in soybean crops. A better understanding of how plants resist salt stress provides insights in improving existing soybean varieties as well as cultivating novel salt tolerant varieties. In this study, the biological function of GmNHX1, a NHX-like gene, and the molecular basis underlying GmNHX1-mediated salt stress resistance have been revealed. RESULTS: We found that the transcription level of GmNHX1 was up-regulated under salt stress condition in soybean, reaching its peak at 24 h after salt treatment. By employing the virus-induced gene silencing technique (VIGS), we also found that soybean plants became more susceptible to salt stress after silencing GmNHX1 than wild-type and more silenced plants wilted than wild-type under salt treatment. Furthermore, Arabidopsis thaliana expressing GmNHX1 grew taller and generated more rosette leaves under salt stress condition compared to wild-type. Exogenous expression of GmNHX1 resulted in an increase of Na+ transportation to leaves along with a reduction of Na+ absorption in roots, and the consequent maintenance of a high K+/Na+ ratio under salt stress condition. GmNHX1-GFP-transformed onion bulb endothelium cells showed fluorescent pattern in which GFP fluorescence signals enriched in vacuolar membranes. Using the non-invasive micro-test technique (NMT), we found that the Na+ efflux rate of both wild-type and transformed plants after salt treatment were significantly higher than that of before salt treatment. Additionally, the Na+ efflux rate of transformed plants after salt treatment were significantly higher than that of wild-type. Meanwhile, the transcription levels of three osmotic stress-related genes, SKOR, SOS1 and AKT1 were all up-regulated in GmNHX1-expressing plants under salt stress condition. CONCLUSION: Vacuolar membrane-localized GmNHX1 enhances plant salt tolerance through maintaining a high K+/Na+ ratio along with inducing the expression of SKOR, SOS1 and AKT1. Our findings provide molecular insights on the roles of GmNHX1 and similar sodium/hydrogen exchangers in regulating salt tolerance.

12.
Mol Immunol ; 116: 56-62, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605961

RESUMO

Macrophages can be polarized towards either a classically activated pro-inflammatory (M1) state, or alternatively towards an activated anti-inflammatory (M2) state. M1 cells are activated by ligands of toll-like receptor (TLR) or interferon (IFN)-γ and have a toxic effect, whereas M2 cells are activated by interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10, and IL-13 and have a regenerative effect in vitro and in vivo. Previously studies have shown that these cells play an important role in the inflammatory responses following spinal cord injury (SCI). Mechanistically, the role of PTEN in the regulation of macrophage polarization has yet to be fully elucidated. In the present study, we first evaluated the expression of PTEN in macrophages after SCI. We found that PTEN expression was accumulated in the macrophages after the SCI surgery. Knock-down of PTEN or inhibition of phospho-PTEN with bpV(pic) in RAW264.7 cells resulted in increased M2 polarization and decreased M1 polarization. In a rat model of SCI, grafts containing bpV(pic) reduced spinal tissue cavitation and promoted locomotor improvement, while combining grafts of bpV(pic) and acellular spinal cord (ASC) scaffolds showed a better effect. Moreover, grafts containing bpV(pic) enhanced M2 polarization and decreased M1 polarization in the macrophages during SCI. Thus, we have established that PTEN is critical for the polarization of macrophages and the functional recovery of SCI. Targeting PTEN enhances the macrophages towards to M2 polarization and promoting the functional recovery in SCI, and this suggest that PTEN may be a future therapeutic target for SCI treatment.


Assuntos
Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos de Vanádio/farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/metabolismo , Células RAW 264.7 , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/metabolismo , Receptores Toll-Like/metabolismo
13.
J Phys Chem A ; 123(39): 8365-8369, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31525035

RESUMO

Benzene cation is a prototypical complex system that exhibits ultrafast conical intersections of different electronic states located close to the Franck-Condon region, yet little information is available about the dynamics of the cationic excited states. Here we utilize femtosecond time-resolved strong field ionization-photo fragmentation (SFI-PF) method to prepare and probe the electronic states of benzene cations. The transient of both the parent ion and the daughter ions are obtained, which present distinct behaviors at different pulse energies of the SFI laser. The results provide the first experimental evidence of B2E2g-X2E1g ultrafast relaxation of benzene cation, which occurs in about 250-270 fs. Our study should pave the way to revealing the ultrafast photochemistry of complex molecular cations.

14.
Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 42(10): 614-621, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31495535

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: AKR1B10, first cloned from liver cancer tissues, has recently been reported to be up-regulated significantly in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues, but the relationship between serum level of AKR1B10 and the risk of HCC is not understood. METHODS: 170 HCC patients and 120 health donors from October 2014 to March 2017 were recruited in the affiliated hospital of Guilin Medical University. Serum AKR1B10 in all cases were detected and in 30 HCC patients were analyzed preoperatively and postoperatively by Time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay. RESULTS: The level of serum AKR1B10 was significantly higher in HCC patients (1800.24±2793.79) than in health donors (129.34±194.129), and downregulation of serum AKR1B10 in HCC patients was observed after hepatectomy. When samples were grouped according to the serum level of AKR1B10 (≥232.7pg/ml), serum AKR1B10 positively correlated to serum AFP (χ2=6.295, P=0.012), ALT (χ2=18.803, P=0.000), AST (χ2=33.421, P=0.000), tumor nodule number (χ2=6.777, P=0.009), cirrhosis (χ2=43.458, P=0.000), and tumor size (χ2=6.042, P=0.014) in the Chi-square test. CONCLUSIONS: Diagnosis of HCC could be improved using the both predictors of serum AKR1B10 and AFP. AKR1B10 was thus considered to be a new serological biomarker for HCC.

15.
Pharm Biol ; 57(1): 595-603, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496325

RESUMO

Context: Oxymatrine (OMT) has various pharmacological effects, including immune reaction regulation, anti-inflammation and anti-hypersensitive reaction. Objective: This is the first report to investigate the molecular mechanism of OMT function in l-arginine (Arg)-induced acute pancreatitis (AP) involving intestinal injury. Materials and methods: Rat pancreatic AR42J and small intestinal IEC-6 cells were treated with Arg (200-800 µM) for 48 h plus OMT (4 mg/mL) treatment. Thirty adult Wistar rats were randomly assigned to control (saline), AP (i.p. of 250 mg/100 g body weight Arg) and OMT (i.p. injection of 50 mg/kg b.w. OMT every 6 h following Arg). Both cells and rats were harvested at 48 h. Results: Arg-induced cell proliferation in both rats AR42J (EC50 633.9 ± 31.4 µM) and IEC-6 cells (EC50 571.3 ± 40.4 µM) in a dose-dependent manner, which was significantly inhibited by OMT (4 mg/mL). Meanwhile, Arg (600 µM) induced expression of proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß, NF-κB, IL-17A/IL-17F and IFN-γ) and activation of p-p38/p-ERK in vitro, which was reversed by OMT. In vivo, OMT (50 mg/kg) inhibited 250 mg/100 g of Arg-induced AP involving intestinal injury, including inhibiting Arg-induced inflammatory in pancreas and intestine, inhibiting Arg-induced increase of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß, NF-κB and p-p38/p-ERK-MAPK signalling, and inhibiting Arg-induced increase of IL-17A/IL-17F, IFN-γ, ROR-γt and T-bet. Meanwhile, OMT inhibited Arg-induced expression of CD44 and CD55 in intestinal injury. Discussion and conclusions: OMT protects against Arg-induced AP involving intestinal injury via regulating Th1/Th17 cytokines and MAPK/NF-κB signalling, which is a promising therapeutic agent in clinics.

16.
ACS Nano ; 13(9): 10074-10084, 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430428

RESUMO

An in situ forming hydrogel has emerged as a promising wound dressing recently. As physically cross-linked hydrogels are normally unstable, most in situ forming hydrogels are chemically cross-linked. However, big concerns have remained regarding the slow gelation and the potential toxicity of residual functional groups from cross-linkers or the polymer matrix. Herein, we report a sprayable in situ forming hydrogel composed of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide166-co-n-butyl acrylate9)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(N-isopropylacrylamide166-co-n-butyl acrylate9) copolymer (P(NIPAM166-co-nBA9)-PEG-P(NIPAM166-co-nBA9), denoted as PEP) and silver-nanoparticles-decorated reduced graphene oxide nanosheets (Ag@rGO, denoted as AG) in response to skin temperature. This thermoresponsive hydrogel exhibits intriguing sol-gel irreversibility at low temperatures for the stable dressing of a wound, which is attributed to the inorganic/polymeric dual network and abundant coordination interactions between Ag@rGO nanosheets and PNIPAM. The biocompatibility and antibacterial ability against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) of this PEP-AG hydrogel wound dressing are confirmed in vitro and in vivo, which could transparently promote the healing of a MRSA-infected skin defect.

17.
Int J Mol Med ; 44(4): 1531-1540, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432093

RESUMO

Advanced oxidation protein products (AOPPs) can trigger NADPH oxidase (NOX) and lead to the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the pathophysiology of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Hydroxytyrosol (HT) is a phenolic composite in olive oil that has antioxidant and anti­inflammatory effects and enhances autophagy. Early research has revealed that HT can activate the silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) pathway to induce autophagy and alleviate the cartilage inflammatory response caused by H2O2. However, whether HT can attenuate AOPP­induced NOX and inflammatory responses remains to be elucidated. The present study aimed to investigate how HT can alleviate the damage caused by AOPPs. In cell experiments, chondrocytes were pre­stimulated with HT and then exposed to AOPPs. First, it was found that HT promoted autophagy through the SIRT1 pathway, increased the expression of autophagy­related proteins including microtubule­associated protein 1 light chain 3, autophagy related (ATG)5 and ATG7, and decreased the expression of P62. Furthermore, HT reduced the expression of NOX, which was affected by AOPPs in chondrocytes through the SIRT1 pathway. Finally, the expression of inflammatory cytokines caused by AOPPs was downregulated following HT treatment. In conclusion, it was found that HT reduced the expression of NOX and inhibited the inflammatory response caused by AOPPs in chondrocytes through the SIRT1 pathway.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374341

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To introduce an effective method combining various endoscopes in the treatment of intravesical migrated intrauterine device (IUD). DESIGN: A step-by-step explanation of the surgery using video, approved by the Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University. SETTING: Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University. INTERVENTIONS: A 39-year-old young woman, in whom an IUD was inserted 2 months prior, presented with frequent urination after IUD insertion. Cystoscope and pelvic computed tomography were performed, and the results showed an IUD in the bladder. The migrated IUD was found partly in the uterus and partly in the bladder by hysteroscope and cystoscope. Management of the migrated IUD consists of 4 steps: (1) lysing the adhesion between the bladder and uterus, (2) suturing the bladder and taking the IUD part out of the bladder, (3) removing the IUD part in the uterus, and (4) suturing the bladder again to reinforce it and suturing the uterus. CONCLUSION: The migrated IUD in the bladder was successfully and completely extracted by the method combining various endoscopes; operative time was 56 minutes. In the follow-up period the patient did not report any symptoms of frequency urination. This surgical process has the following characteristics: Preoperative examination should be performed to clarify the ectopic site of the IUD, various endoscopes should be combined for diagnosis and treatment, and endoscopic surgery is an effective treatment method for migrated IUD.

19.
Fertil Steril ; 112(3): 608-609, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280960

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To introduce an effective approach for excision of ovarian endometrioma by "water injection"-assisted laparoscopy treatment. DESIGN: Step-by-step video explanation of the surgical procedure with still pictures and surgical video clips to demonstrate the detailed technique, approved by the Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University. SETTING: Hospital. PATIENTS: A 26-year-old young woman diagnosed with a 6 cm in diameter right ovarian cyst, who endured 5 years of dysmenorrhea. INTERVENTIONS: The "water injection"-assisted laparoscopic excision of ovarian endometrioma consists of five steps: rupture the ovarian endometrial cyst and remove the "chocolate fluid;" inject the "water" (diluted vasopressin solution) into the interface between endometrioma and ovarian parenchyma; stop injecting until the solution overflow; separate the endometrioma away from the ovarian parenchyma; and suture the ovary. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Value and feasibility of "water injection"-assisted laparoscopic excision of ovarian endometrioma. RESULTS: The "water injection"-assisted laparoscopic excision of ovarian endometrioma was feasible and effective. In the follow-up period, the patient did not report any symptom of dysmenorrhea; and the sex hormone and antimüllerian hormone tests reached to normal levels. CONCLUSION: Our surgical approach demonstrated several noteworthy advantages. After "water injection", the endometrioma and ovarian parenchyma was easily distinguished and separated. The approach avoided normal ovarian tissue destruction during endometrioma separation. The utilization of diluted vasopressin solution might decrease bleeding of ovarian wound. Considering its simplicity of realization, our surgical approach should be promoted to more reproductive-age patients.

20.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol ; 33(9): e22377, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31332898

RESUMO

Hydroxytyrosol (HT), a primary phenolic antioxidant in olive oil, can afford protection from oxidative stress (OS) in different cells, including skin cells. In particular, it regulates several inflammation-associated processes as well as in improving the antioxidant defense system. However, there is no information about HT used in the treatment of hair loss. This work aimed at exploring the potential protective actions of HT against OS in rat dermal papilla cells. After treatment, the related expression of protein and messenger RNA were detected using morphological and molecular analyses. The results showed that HT significantly reduced intracellular reactive oxygen species level, apoptotic markers and inflammation induced by OS and enhanced cell survival by regulating autophagy. Furthermore, HT enhanced the secretion of hair growth factors in the anti-inflammation process. These results suggest that HT has a significant protective ability against OS and encourage the use of this biological ingredient as a possible tool to prevent alopecia.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Álcool Feniletílico/análogos & derivados , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Cabelo/efeitos dos fármacos , Cabelo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Álcool Feniletílico/farmacologia , Ratos , Pele/citologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA