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1.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(1): 538-547, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256425

RESUMO

Tribbles homolog 3 (TRB3) has been accounted for regulation of a few cell processes through interaction with other significant proteins. The molecular mechanisms underlying TRB3 in tumorigenesis in lung adenocarcinoma have not been entirely elucidated. The present study is aimed at determining the function and fundamental mechanisms of TRB3 in lung adenocarcinoma progression. TRB3 was highly expressed in A549 and H1299 cells and lung adenocarcinoma tissues compared with human bronchial epithelial cells (HBEpC) and adjacent normal lung tissues. Hypoxia significantly upregulated the expression of TRB3 protein in A549 and H1299 cells in a time-dependent way. Gene expression profiling interactive analysis data analysis indicated that patients with lung adenocarcinoma with excessive expression of TRB3 mRNA had fundamentally shorter survival time. TRB3 knockdown in A549 cells can inhibit cell proliferation and migration, and promote cell apoptosis. TRB3 knockdown reduced the expression of p-ERK and p-JNK, but did not affect the expression of p-P38 MAPK. TRB3 overexpression enhances the malignant transformation abilities of HBEpC such as cell proliferation, migration and colony formation, which could be reversed by U0126 and SP600125. TRB3 overexpression promotes the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) but was not affected by U0126 and SP600125. The results of coimmunoprecipitation experiments indicated that TRB3 binds directly to ERK and JNK. This study suggests that TRB3 has a potentially carcinogenic role in lung adenocarcinoma by binding to ERK and JNK and promoting the phosphorylation of ERK and JNK. TRB3 can be a possible therapeutic focus for lung adenocarcinoma.

2.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 107: 110209, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761232

RESUMO

In this paper cobalt oxide (Co3O4) nanoparticles were mixed with polyacrylonitrile to prepare Co3O4 doped carbon nanofiber (CNF) composite by electrospinning and carbonization, which was further used to modify on carbon ionic liquid electrode (CILE). Hemoglobin (Hb) was immobilized on Co3O4-CNF/CILE surface with Nafion acted as the protective film to fabricate an electrochemical biosensor (Nafion/Hb/Co3O4-CNF/CILE). Electrochemical behavior of Hb on the electrode was investigated with a pair of quasi-reversible redox peak appeared on cyclic voltammogram and electrochemical parameters were calculated. Moreover, this biosensor had good analytical capabilities for electrocatalytic reduction of different substrates including trichloroacetic acid, potassium bromate and sodium nitrite with wider detection range from 40.0 to 260.0 mmol L-1, 0.1 to 48.0 mmol L-1 and 1.0 to 12.0 mmol L-1 by cyclic voltammetry, respectively. The proposed method showed excellent anti-interferences ability with good selectivity and was successful used for quantitative detection of real samples, which displayed the potential applications to develop into a new analytical device.

3.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(21)2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683704

RESUMO

High dynamic range (HDR) has wide applications involving intelligent vision sensing which includes enhanced electronic imaging, smart surveillance, self-driving cars, intelligent medical diagnosis, etc. Exposure fusion is an essential HDR technique which fuses different exposures of the same scene into an HDR-like image. However, determining the appropriate fusion weights is difficult because each differently exposed image only contains a subset of the scene's details. When blending, the problem of local color inconsistency is more challenging; thus, it often requires manual tuning to avoid image artifacts. To address this problem, we present an adaptive coarse-to-fine searching approach to find the optimal fusion weights. In the coarse-tuning stage, fuzzy logic is used to efficiently decide the initial weights. In the fine-tuning stage, the multivariate normal conditional random field model is used to adjust the fuzzy-based initial weights which allows us to consider both intra- and inter-image information in the data. Moreover, a multiscale enhanced fusion scheme is proposed to blend input images when maintaining the details in each scale-level. The proposed fuzzy-based MNCRF (Multivariate Normal Conditional Random Fields) fusion method provided a smoother blending result and a more natural look. Meanwhile, the details in the highlighted and dark regions were preserved simultaneously. The experimental results demonstrated that our work outperformed the state-of-the-art methods not only in several objective quality measures but also in a user study analysis.

4.
Chemosphere ; 242: 125178, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675587

RESUMO

The comprehensive recovery of iron and titanium resources from early tailings were systematically attempted from fundamental work to industrial application. Geochemical characterization of the tailings was first conducted, followed by the iron recovery and titanium recovery. Iron recovery was mainly achieved through a series of magnetic separation, and titanium recovery was on the combination of magnetic pre-concentration and flotation separation. Special for titanium recovery, different pretreatment methods including ultrasonic cleaning and attrition-scrubbing were studied to reduce the influence of serious surface pollution of early tailings on ilmenite floatability, and attrition-scrubbing proved to be the best one. Associated mechanisms of flocculants influence on ilmenite floatability and the attrition-scrubbing effects were explored using micro-flotation and XPS tests. After a series of fundamental studies, the industrial production of iron and ilmenite concentrate went into operation and the industrial debugging results were roughly satisfactory. At last, a brief economic analysis was given for the present work.

5.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711726

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain. A common complaint is soreness. However, until now, no assessment tool is available to address soreness and evaluate its impact on disease severity. We aimed to establish a questionnaire for soreness assessment and to evaluate its validity in fibromyalgia patients. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia per the American College of Rheumatology criteria (2011) were recruited. The Revised Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire with an integration of Soreness Assessment (FIQRS) was established by adding five items pertinent to soreness sensation to the existing FIQR. The participants were asked to evaluate their soreness symptoms by filling out the FIQRS twice. The test-retest reliability and internal consistency were assessed. Construct validity was evaluated by correlations with the FIQR and fibromyalgia symptom severity (SS) score. RESULTS: Sixty-two patients with fibromyalgia were recruited, including 57 females (91.9%; mean age: 51.4 years). The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of test-retest reliability was 0.92 for the FIQRS overall score. The Cronbach's α of all the items in the FIQRS was 0.93. The correlation coefficient of the FIQRS total score with the FIQR was 0.97 (p < 0.0001) and that with the fibromyalgia SS scale was 0.52 (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: The FIQRS has good reliability and internal consistency for the assessment of disease impact on fibromyalgia patients, thus providing a reliable tool for soreness evaluation. Future studies are warranted for further validation regarding its correlation with other psychometric properties and life quality measurements.

6.
Diagn Cytopathol ; 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713988

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Differentiating parathyroid from thyroid lesions can be difficult on fine-needle aspiration (FNA) due to overlapping cytomorphologic features. While the traditional parathyroid hormone (PTH) assays can help in the distinction, these tests may be cumbersome, particularly when the lesion is unexpected clinically and a needle wash is not collected at the time of FNA. Therefore, we chose to investigate the application of immunohistochemical staining (IHC) with GATA 3 and thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) on air-dried cytology smears to distinguish parathyroid and thyroid lesions. METHODS: Air-dried touch preparation (TP) slides were prepared from consecutively selected parathyroid and thyroid specimens. Thirteen FNA cases with the clinical concern for parathyroid lesions were also included in the study. IHC was performed on unstained and ultrafast Papanicolaou (UFP) stained air-dried slides. RESULTS: On TP slides, GATA 3 expression was observed in all cases of parathyroid origin but no immunoreactivity was present in thyroid lesions. TTF-1 expression was observed in all cases of thyroid origin but not in parathyroid lesions. GATA 3 and TTF-1 expression of 13 FNA cases were consistent with the clinical impression or concurrent PTH tests. CONCLUSIONS: IHC with GATA 3 and TTF-1 on air-dried cytology smears is a simple and effective way to differentiate parathyroid vs thyroid lesions on FNA. Air-dried unstained and UFP-stained slides perform equally well with IHC, but UFP-stained slides provide the added benefit of morphologic evaluation and assessment of smear cellularity prior to IHC.

7.
Pain Med ; 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31722404

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Central neuropathic pain (CNP) often appears following spinal cord injury (SCI), but current treatments are not always successful. In this study, we evaluated the analgesic effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) applied over the hand area of the motor cortex in patients with acute CNP after SCI. METHODS: A total of 48 patients with complete or incomplete SCI and acute CNP participated in this study and were randomized to receive either rTMS (10 Hz, 1,500 stimuli; N = 24) or a sham intervention (N = 24) for three weeks. The numeric rating scale (NRS) and Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire-2 (Chinese Edition; SF-MPQ-2-CN) were analyzed to assess the degree of pain. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and nerve growth factor (NGF) were collected to explore expression influenced by rTMS. Motor-evoked potential (MEP) latency and maximal amplitude were measured to determine neurophysiological changes. The assessments were carried out at baseline (T0), three days (T1), one week (T2), two weeks (T3), and three weeks (T4) after onset of treatment. RESULTS: The analysis showed significant treatment-time interactions for the quality and intensity of pain, as measured by NRS (P < 0.001, η2 = 0.441) and SF-MPQ-2 (P < 0.001, η2 = 0.590). Compared with the sham group, the NRS and SF-MPQ2-CN scores were significantly lower on the third day (P < 0.001, Cohen's d = 1.135; P = 0.006, Cohen's d = 0.616) and after one week (P < 0.001, Cohen's d = 0.846; P = 0.012, Cohen's d = 0.557) of treatment. In addition, the serum levels of BDNF and NGF were significantly higher in the treated group after three weeks (P = 0.015, Cohen's d = 0.539; P = 0.009, Cohen's d = 0.580), and the MEP amplitude increased by 109.59% (P = 0.033, Cohen's d = 0.464). CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that 10 Hz rTMS over the hand area of the motor cortex could alleviate acute CNP in the early phase of SCI and could enhance MEP parameters and modulate BDNF and NGF secretion.

8.
Food Funct ; 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696200

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the anti-fatigue function of anwulignan from Schisandra and its underlying mechanism. METHODS: After an excessive fatigue mouse model was created, anwulignan was administered to the mice, and its effect on exercise tolerance was studied by the weight-bearing swimming test, rotarod test, grip strength test, and tail suspension test. The biochemical indicators closely related to fatigue, including blood urea nitrogen (BUN), lactic acid (LD), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and creatine kinase (CK) in the serum; liver glycogen (LG) in the liver tissue; muscle glycogen (MG); inorganic phosphate (Pi) and Annexin V in the gastrocnemius; superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities; malondialdehyde (MDA), catalase (CAT), and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS); and the 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) content in both serum and the gastrocnemius were detected. Morphological changes were also observed. The anti-fatigue-related proteins of the NRF2/ARE, Bcl2, and PGC-1α pathways in the gastrocnemius of the mice were detected by western blot. RESULTS: Anwulignan significantly increased the exercise tolerance by decreasing BUN, LD, LDH, CK, Pi, MDA, TBARS, 8-OHdG, ROS, and Annexin V levels and increasing LG, MG, SOD, CAT, and GSH-Px levels, significantly upregulated the expression of NRF2 and Bcl2 proteins, which are anti-oxidation and anti-apoptosis regulators, and also activated the p38MAPK-PGC-1α pathway. CONCLUSION: Anwulignan can increase exercise tolerance and relieve fatigue in an excessive fatigue mouse model. The underlying mechanism may be through its regulatory effect on the NRF2 and PGC-1α signaling pathway. This study will provide scientific data for anwulignan to be developed as a novel and efficient component in anti-oxidant or anti-fatigue health food.

9.
Ophthalmic Physiol Opt ; 39(6): 451-458, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696541

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the differences in mean ocular dimensions between urban and rural children and identify possible influencing factors. METHODS: This work uses previously published data from the Shandong Children Eye Study, which was based on a random cluster sampling applied to a cross-sectional school-based study design in the rural Guanxian County and Weihai city. All children underwent auto-refractometry and biometry under cycloplegia. RESULTS: The study included 3290 children (aged 9.35 ± 2.93 years), consisting of 888 pairs of boys and 757 pairs of girls matched by sex, age and refractive error (each pair matching one child from urban cohort with one from the rural cohort). Overall urban children were significantly taller and heavier than rural children (t-test; p < 0.001), which was confirmed for all age groups for weight. Urban ocular axial lengths were significantly longer by 0.23 mm compared to the rural population (t-test; p < 0.001), mostly in younger children and boys. Meanwhile, corneal curvatures were flatter in the urban cohort by 0.08 mm (p < 0.001). This association of axial length with urban vs rural region was reduced in magnitude by 69.7% after accounting for height. CONCLUSIONS: For the same, matched refractive error, children from urban regions had significantly longer eyes and flatter corneal curvature than rural children. Since corneal curvature is defined during the first 2 years of life, early environmental factors may be the source of these differences in ocular dimensions.

10.
Plant Biol (Stuttg) ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671249

RESUMO

Human-induced disturbances, including grazing and clipping, that cause defoliation are common in natural grasslands. Plant functional type differences in the ability to compensate for this tissue loss may influence interspecific competition. To explore the effects of different intensities of clipping and nitrogen (N) addition on compensatory growth and interspecific competition, we measured accumulated aboveground biomass (AGB), belowground biomass (BGB), tiller number, non-structural carbohydrates concentrations and leaf gas exchange parameters in two locally co-occurring species (the C3 grass Leymus chinensis and the C4 grass Hemarthria altissima) growing in monoculture and in mixture. For both grasses, the clipping treatment had significant impacts on the accumulated AGB, and the 40% clipping treatment had the greatest effect. BGB gradually decreased with increasing defoliation intensity. Severe defoliation caused a significant increase in tiller number. Stored carbohydrates in the belowground biomass were mobilized and transported to aboveground for the growth of new leaves to compensate for clipping-induced injury. The net CO2 assimilation rate (A) of the remaining leaves increased with clipping intensity and peaked under the clipping intensities of 20% or 40%. Nitrogen addition, at a rate of 10 g N m-2 yr-1 , enhanced the A of the remaining leaves and non-structural carbohydrate concentrations, which benefited plant compensatory growth, especially for the C3 grass. Under the mixed planting conditions, the clipping and N addition treatments lowered the competitive advantage of the C4 grass. The results suggest that the combination of defoliation and N deposition have the potential to benefit the coexistence of C3 and C4 grasses.

11.
Hear Res ; 384: 107826, 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683074

RESUMO

The prevalence of tinnitus is positively correlated with hearing loss, although, tinnitus can also present alongside clinically normal pure-tone thresholds. As standard pure tone audiograms (PTA) only sample at octave or inter-octaves, they potentially can miss lesions between the tested frequencies. Here we investigate if tinnitus patients with normal audiograms have hearing loss missed by standard PTA testing, referred as "missed hearing loss" in the paper. Hearing thresholds in 106 tinnitus patients who have a normal PTA were tested using fine frequency resolution (1/24 octave step) audiometry, referred as precision PTA (P-PTA), at ±1/3 octave band centered at their tinnitus frequencies. Tinnitus pitch, loudness and residual inhibition were evaluated based on the result of P-PTA. DPOAEs were also tested to evaluate the function of outer hair cells (OHC). Using the P-PTA test, we found that 49% (52 out of 106) of tinnitus patients with normal audiograms showed sharply notched hearing loss and most of the notches were at their tinnitus frequencies. Using a fine frequency step (1/24 octave) to assess tinnitus pitch, the successful matching rate increased to 84%, significantly higher than the rate measured in traditional method (51%, Fisher's test, P < 0.0001, n = 106). The number of patients whose tinnitus loudness was less than 5 dB SL increased from 26% to 55% after the loudness reassessment based on the tinnitus pitch match (n = 106, Chi-Square test, P < 0.01). The percentage of patients who showed positive residual inhibition of tinnitus also increased from 31% to 54% (Chi-Square test, P < 0.05). DPOAEs revealed significantly reduced OAE amplitude in the tinnitus patients, suggesting that OHC dysfunction may contribute to their notched hearing loss. However, in 13 out of 31 patients with notched hearing loss, their DPOAE did not show any reduction which suggests that their notched hearing loss may be induced by the dysfunction of the inner hair cells or afferent synapses (synaptopathy). Our study confirmed hidden cochlear impairments in tinnitus patients with seemingly normal audiograms. We conclude that P-PTA can help identify a mild hearing impairment that may otherwise be missed by conventional PTA and that P-PTA can also improve tinnitus evaluation accuracy.

12.
Environ Pollut ; : 113555, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733957

RESUMO

(±) - PEN is a chiral fungicide widely used to control powdery mildew in agriculture. Currently, only a few studies have investigated the toxic effects of (±) - penconazole ((±) - PEN) on non-target organisms, and whether (±) - PEN from the enantiomeric level have toxic effects remains unclear. In this study, we systematically evaluated the effects of exposure to (±) - PEN, (+) - PEN and (-) - PEN on liver function in mice. Biochemical and histopathological analyses showed that exposure to (±) - PEN and (-) - PEN led to significant liver damage and inflammation. However, exposure to (+) - PEN treatment did not cause no adverse effects on liver function and inflammation. 1H-NMR-based metabolomics revealed that exposure to (±) - PEN, (+) - PEN and (-) - PEN led to the animals developing liver metabolic disorder that was caused by changes in glycolipid metabolism. Quantitative analysis of genes regulating glycolipid metabolism revealed that expression of gluconeogenesis and glycolytic pathway genes were altered in individuals exposed to (±) - PEN, (+) - PEN and (-) - PEN. We also found that (±) - PEN, (+) - PEN and (-) - PEN have different effects on lipid metabolism of the liver. Exposure to (±) - PEN and (-) - PEN resulted in significant accumulation of lipids by regulating fatty acid synthesis, triglyceride synthesis, and fatty acid ß oxidation pathways. In summary, we found different toxicological effects in individuals exposed to (±) - PEN, (+) - PEN and (-) - PEN. The results of this study are important for assessing the potential health risks of (±) - PEN.

13.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109618, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31731189

RESUMO

Amyloid-ß (Aß) activating the pyroptotic cell pathway has been reported to act as a component in the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). As another major pathophysiological protein process in AD, the abnormal hyperphosphorylation of tau proteins exerts neurotoxic effects through a variety of mechanisms. However, data describing the relationship between hyperphosphorylated tau proteins and pyroptosis are very scarce. In this study, we used two hyperphosphorylated tau models, intracerebroventricular (ICV) forskolin (FSK, a PKA activator) rat model and ICV-streptozotocin (STZ) rat model; also, FSK and STZ treated PC12 cells as in vitro models to test the relationship between hyperphosphorylated tau proteins and pyroptosis. We found that FSK and STZ significantly increased the hyperphosphorylated tau level, pyroptosis-related protein in PC12 cell and rats' brain, and inhibited the activity of caspase-1 by caspase-1 inhibitor, caspase-1 siRNA, or incubated with Interleukin(IL)-1ß/IL-18 neutralizing antibody could notably alleviate the FSK and STZ induced PC12 cells damage and improve the cognitive disorder in ICV-FSK and ICV-STZ rats. Suppressed the level of hyperphosphorylated tau by LiCl also significantly decreased caspase-1 activity and the content of inflammatory cytokines in FSK or STZ treated PC12 cells. In summary, our results demonstrated that inflammasomes mediated pyroptosis at least one underlying pathogenic mechanism for the neurotoxicity induced by hyperphosphorylated tau in PC12 cells and dementia rats. IL-1ß and IL-18, the downstream of caspase-1, in turn increased hyperphosphorylated tau while spreading neuroinflammation.

14.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(12): 783, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31732804

RESUMO

Porous carbon was prepared from wheat flour by alkali treatment and carbonization. The resulting biomass-derived porous carbon (BPC) was employed to prepare a Pt-Au-BPC nanocomposite by a hydrothermal method. The material was then placed on the surface of a carbon ionic liquid electrode (CILE). The Pt-Au-BPC was characterized by SEM, XPS, and the modified CILE by electrochemical methods. They revealed a porous structure, a large specific surface with high conductivity. Pt-Au-BPC/CILE was applied to the sensitive determination of quercetin. Electrochemical response was studied by cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV). Under optimized experimental conditions, the oxidation peak current (measured at 0.48 V vs. Ag/AgCl by DPV) increases linearly in the 0.15 to 6.0 µM and in the 10.0 to 25.0 µM quercetin concentration range. The detection limit is 50.0 nM (at 3σ). The Pt-Au-BPC/CILE was applied to the direct determination of quercetin in ginkgo tablets sample and gave satisfactory results. Graphical abstract A Pt-Au-BPC nanocomposite modified carbon ionic liquid electrode was applied to differential pulse voltammetric determination of quercetin. BPC: biomass-derived porous carbon.

15.
J Immunother Cancer ; 7(1): 313, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The standard treatment for epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) is surgery followed by platinum/paclitaxel-based chemotherapy, but the overall survival rate is poor. The purpose of this study was to investigate the therapeutic potential of chemotherapy combined with inhibition of B and T lymphocyte attenuator (BTLA) for clinical use to treat EOC. METHODS: Initially, we evaluated the potential application of chemotherapy combined with anti-BTLA antibody in an animal model. We then analyzed the distribution and regulation of BTLA expression on immunocytes in vitro. Finally, we examined the correlation between BTLA expression levels in cancerous tissues and prognosis in 254 EOC cases. RESULTS: The combination of chemotherapy and anti-BTLA antibody for inhibiting BTLA significantly reduced peritoneal tumor volume and extended survival in tumor-bearing mice. In addition, BTLA could be identified mostly on B lymphocytes, especially on CD19hi B cells, rather than on T lymphocytes and natural killer cells. Under regulation of interleukins 6 and 10, more BTLA+CD19hi B lymphocytes could be induced through AKT and STAT3 signaling pathways. Detectable BTLA expression in ovarian cancerous tissues was associated with worse disease-free and overall survivals of EOC patients. CONCLUSIONS: BTLA detected in cancerous tissues can predict poor outcome of EOC patients. Inhibition of BTLA combined with chemotherapy can elevate immune activation and generate potent anti-tumor effects. Thus, the combination of chemotherapy and anti-BTLA antibody may hold potential clinical application for the treatment of EOC patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The Trial Registration Number was NCT00854399.

16.
Travel Med Infect Dis ; : 101513, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712181

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little comprehensive analysis combining epidemiological and clinical data has been done with mosquito-borne diseases imported into Guangzhou by air travelers. METHODS: We screened international travelers (body temperature >36.5 °C) arriving at Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport, and recorded their epidemiological and clinical information. Whole-blood samples were collected for laboratory diagnosis of dengue virus (DENV), chikungunya virus (CHIKV), zika virus (ZIKV) infections and malaria. RESULTS: Between March 1, 2016 and December 31, 2017, 155 (6.6%) cases (100 of DENV, 21 of CHIKV, 1 of ZIKV, 34 of malaria, including one co-infection of DENV and CHIKV) were identified among 2350 febrile travelers. DENV (90.0%) and CHIKV (100.0%) cases mainly came from Southern and Southeast Asia. Malaria cases (91.2%) mainly came from sub-Saharan Africa. Traveling abroad (28/74, 37.8%) and living/working abroad (11/22, 50.0%) were the most common causes of DENV infection and malaria for Chinese, respectively. Cases with these four mosquito-borne diseases were more likely to have nervous, musculoskeletal and skin symptoms and signs than other febrile diseases (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: It is important to strengthen the surveillance of mosquito-borne diseases among tourists and workers returning from Southeast Asia, Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, especially those with nervous, musculoskeletal and skin symptoms and signs.

17.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(12): 826, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754803

RESUMO

A photoelectrochemical (PEC) aptasensor for Pb(II) detection is described. A nanocomposite consisting of CdS (2.5 µm) and TiO2 nanoparticles (10 nm) was used as a photoactive material, and gold nanochains (Au NCs) as the support for immobilization of the Pb(II)-binding aptamer. The quercetin-copper(II) complex was further employed as the intercalator for the improvement of the photoactivity by embedding it into dsDNA. In the presence of Pb(II), a Pb(II)-stabilized G-quadruplex was formed between Pb(II) and DNA S1. This is accompanied by unwinding of the dsDNA and the release of the quercetin-copper(II) complex from the surface of the sensor. This results in a decrease of the photocurrent that drops linearly from 5.0 × 10-12 to 1.0 × 10-8 mol·L-1 Pb(II) concentration range with a detection limit of 1.6 × 10-12 mol·L-1. The method was applied to the determination of Pb(II) in various samples and gave satisfactory results. Graphical abstractA photoelectrochemical aptasensor was fabricated for the detection of Pb(II) based on CdS-TiO2 nanocomposite modified indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode. Gold nanochains (AuNCs) were used as anchor to immobilize the aptamers S1 and S2 that form a double helix structure by DNA hybridization. After embedding of quercetin-copper(II) complex as intercalator and electron donor, the concentrations of Pb(II) were determined by the changes of photocurrents.

18.
Phys Rev Lett ; 123(19): 190603, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765219

RESUMO

Quantum dynamics induced in quenching a d-dimensional topological phase across a phase transition may exhibit a nontrivial dynamical topological pattern on the (d-1)D momentum subspace, called band inversion surfaces (BISs), which have a one-to-one correspondence to the bulk topology of the postquench phase. Here we report the experimental observation of such dynamical bulk-surface correspondence through measuring the topological charges in a 2D quantum anomalous Hall model realized in an optical Raman lattice. The system can be quenched with respect to every spin axis by suddenly varying the two-photon detuning or phases of the Raman couplings, in which the topological charges and BISs are measured dynamically by the time-averaged spin textures. We observe that the total charges in the region enclosed by BISs define a dynamical topological invariant, which equals the Chern number of the postquench band and also characterizes the topological pattern of a dynamical field emerging on the BISs, rendering the dynamical bulk-surface correspondence. This study opens a new avenue to explore topological phases dynamically.

19.
Sci Total Environ ; 701: 134660, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704401

RESUMO

The biogeochemical cycles of plant nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) are interlinked by ecological processes, and the N and P cycles become uncoupled in response to global change experiments. However, the complex natural hydrothermal conditions in arid, semiarid and humid grassland ecosystems may have different effects on the availability of soil nutrients and moisture and may induce different balances between the N and P cycles. Here, we evaluated how the aridity index (AI) affects the balance between N and P of alpine grassland by the collected 115 sites along water and heat availability gradients on the Tibetan Plateau. We found that AI was negatively related to the variation in the coefficients of soil total dissolved N (TDN) and soil availability of P (SAP), and positive effects of AI, TDN and SAP on the coupling of plant N and P were detected. Thus, AI was positively correlated with soil nutrients and moisture, which may favor the co-uptake of soil nutrients by plants, resulting in a small variation in plant N and P in humid environments. Conversely, in arid environments with temporally variable soil nutrients, the plants tend to be more flexible in their N:P stoichiometry. Generally, our findings suggest that plant N and P could be more strongly coupled in humid conditions than in arid environments across alpine grasslands, with potential decoupling of the N biogeochemical cycle from P in an arid environment with an asynchronous dynamic of temperature and precipitation.

20.
Clin Exp Med ; 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31745677

RESUMO

To investigate the expression levels of fibroblast activation protein (FAP) in human osteosarcoma tissues and its possible correlations with clinical pathological characteristics of patients with osteosarcoma, and to explore the potential effects of FAP on progression and development of osteosarcoma. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) assay was initially performed to detect the expression levels of FAP in 66 tumor tissues and adjacent non-tumor tissues. Patients were sequentially divided into two groups based on different expression levels of FAP. The correlations between the expression levels of FAP and the clinical pathological characteristics were investigated, and the role of FAP in proliferation, migration, and invasion of osteosarcoma cells was assessed via colony formation, MTT, wound healing, and transwell assays, respectively. The possible effects of FAP on tumor growth and metastasis were evaluated in vivo. We further attempted to reveal the underlying mechanism of FAP involved in tumor growth through bioinformatics and IHC assays. High expression levels of FAP were noted in human osteosarcoma tissues. It also was unveiled that FAP was significantly associated with the tumor size (P = 0.005*) and clinical stage (P = 0.017*). Our data further confirmed that knockdown of FAP remarkably blocked proliferation, migration, and invasion of osteosarcoma cells in vitro, and suppressed tumor growth and metastasis in mice via AKT signaling pathway. The possible role of FAP in progression and development of osteosarcoma could be figured out. Our data may be helpful to develop a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of osteosarcoma.

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