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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 630(Pt B): 714-726, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36347098

RESUMO

In this study, a novel carbon-wrapped-iron hierarchical porous catalyst (Fe/C-Mn800) was prepared from electrolytic manganese residue (EMR) and sewage sludge (SS), which showed outstanding degradation ability toward benzohydroxamic acid (BHA, nearly 90 % was removed within 60 min) with low metal leaching rate. Mechanism exploration found transition metal ions (Fe and Mn) can serve as electron acceptors and facilitate the generation of persistent free radicals (PFRs). These transition metal ions and PFRs mainly participated in the single-electron pathway via activating PMS to generate a large amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS). While the electron negative graphitic N and CO groups not only improve the electronegatively of catalyst, but also acted as the electron sacrificers to favor the electron transfer and directly oxidized the absorbed BHA through the ternary activated outer-sphere complexes. Eley-Rideal (E-R) and Langmuir-Hinshelwood (L-H) analysis further demonstrated the crucial role of pre-adsorption during the degradation process. This work provided a deep insight into the degradation mechanism of metal/carbon composite and promising opportunity widened the horizon of the high-value utilization of EMR and SS.


Assuntos
Peróxidos , Resíduos Sólidos , Peróxidos/química , Porosidade , Hidroxianisol Butilado , Esgotos/química , Carbono/química , Metais , Radicais Livres
2.
J Environ Manage ; 325(Pt B): 116421, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36308953

RESUMO

Inoculation with microorganisms is an effective strategy for improving traditional composting processes. This study explored the effects of inoculation with lignocellulose-degrading microorganisms (LDM) on the degradation of organic matter (OM), methane (CH4) emissions, and the microbial community (bacteria and methanogens) during composting. The results showed that LDM accelerated the degradation of OM (including the lignocellulose fraction) and increased the CH4 releases in the later thermophilic and cooling stages during composting. At the ending of composting, LDM increased the CH4 emissions by 38.6% compared with the control. Moreover, LDM significantly increased the abundances of members of the bacterial and methanogenic community during the later thermophilic period (P < 0.05). In addition, LDM promoted the growth and activity of major bacterial genera (e.g., Ureibacillus) with the ability to degrade macromolecular OM, as well as affecting key methanogens (e.g., Methanocorpusculum) in the composting system. Network analysis and variance partitioning analysis indicated that OM and temperature were the main factors that affected the bacterial and methanogen community structures. Structural equation modeling demonstrated that the higher CH4 emissions under LDM were related to the growth of methanogens, which was facilitated by the anaerobic environment produced by large amounts of CO2. Thus, aerobic conditions should be improved during the end of the thermophilic and cooling composting period when inoculating with lignocellulose-degrading microorganisms in order to reduce CH4 emissions.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Euryarchaeota , Metano , Solo , Lignina/metabolismo , Euryarchaeota/metabolismo , Bactérias/metabolismo , Esterco/microbiologia
3.
J Environ Manage ; 325(Pt B): 116636, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36323126

RESUMO

Sustainable innovation strategies have been taken very seriously by the European Union (EU), which aims to reduce energy consumption and environmental pollutants emissions. For the sake of testing the sustainable performance of EU countries empirically, this research evaluates the sustainable innovation efficiency (SIE) of EU countries through a DEA-SBM model and analyzes the convergence trends of the EU regions by convergence analysis. The results show that the EU has attached great importance to sustainable innovation efficiency, indicating that the EU makes a concerted effort in technological innovation, energy saving, and environmental protection. Significant differences exist in SIE among EU regions, even though the southern region has the highest efficiency. In addition, there are distinct convergence trends in regional sustainable innovation efficiency. Control variables have significant impacts on the convergence of SIE in the EU regions. Furthermore, policymakers are also provided with useful decision support for regional sustainable innovation, energy conservation, and emission reduction policies.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Eficiência , União Europeia , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos , Invenções , Desenvolvimento Econômico
4.
Sci Total Environ ; 857(Pt 2): 159500, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36265629

RESUMO

Chemical boundary conditions (BCs) are important inputs for regional chemical transport models. In this study, we use the brute-force method (BFM), process analysis (PA) and response surface model (RSM) to quantify the effects of BCs on simulated O3 concentrations in different regions of China by the weather research and forecasting with chemistry (WRF-Chem) model. We combine the model with an integrated gas-phase reaction rate (IRR) tool to further analyze the changes in the O3 chemical mechanisms. Our results show that the simulated O3 concentrations in western cities are significantly affected by the O3 in the BCs (BC-O3), which can increase the maximum simulated O3 concentration, such as in Lanzhou (36.6 µg/m3, 26.3 %), Wuhai (30.1 µg/m3, 25.5 %) and Urumqi (50.7 µg/m3, 41.2 %). In contrast, O3 generation in the eastern region is dominated by emissions. Subsequently, we compare the reaction rate changes in O3 generation and consumption under the effects of BC-O3 in the western city of Urumqi and the eastern city of Beijing. The results show that in Beijing, the O3 concentration and the related chemical reaction rates undergo little change, while in Urumqi, the concentration and reaction rates have significant differences. The BC-O3 significantly accelerates the O3 photochemical reaction process in Urumqi, resulting in increased O3 generation and consumption reaction rates; additionally, there may be a chemical reaction pathway for the formation of O3: BC-O3 + NO → NO2 + hv → O + O2 → O3. BC-O3 transmission is the main pathway of changes in the simulated O3 concentration in the study area, and the chemical reactions between BC-O3 and local pollutants are primarily characterized by O3 consumption. In conclusion, the study shows the importance of BCs for regional model simulation while providing supporting information for O3 formation in model studies.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Ozônio , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Ozônio/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Tempo (Meteorologia) , China , Poluição do Ar/análise
5.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 630(Pt A): 70-80, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36215825

RESUMO

Rational design and synthesis of multifunctional electrocatalysts with high electrochemical activity and low cost are significantly important for new-generation lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. Herein, N-doped FeP nanospheres decorated N doped carbon matrix is successfully synthesized by facile one-pot pyrolysis and in-situ phosphorization technique to mitigate the conversion kinetics and suppress the shuttle effect. The large specific surface area with mesopores can incorporate up to 81.5% sulfur, with the conductive carbon and nitrogen co-matrix providing Li+/e- passage and fastening the redox kinetics. The remarkable adsorption properties and the electrocatalytic activity through physical confinement and chemical immobilization is thoroughly verified. Consequently, the FeP/CN@S deliver a high reversible capacity of 1183 mAh g-1 at 0.1C compared to Co/P/CN@S (961 mAh g-1); whereas, at 1C, a negligible decay rate of 0.04% is observed for 1000 cycles, possessing outstanding cycling stability and rate capability. Hence, the cost-effective in-situ phosphorization strategy to synthesize FeP/CN@S as an efficient nanoreactor is constructive to be applied in Li-S batteries.

6.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 630(Pt A): 973-983, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36327713

RESUMO

Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) with high theoretical capacity have broad prospectsin energy storage applications. However, their slow charge transfer kinetics and easy agglomerate hinder their applications in high-performance supercapacitors. Herein, Co2+-doped nickel aluminum layered double hydroxides (NiAl-LDH-Co2+-x, x = 0, 0.3, 0.6, 0.9, 1.2, 1.5) have been designed and prepared by a convenient hydrothermal process. The multicomponent layer structure formed by cobalt doping facilitates sufficient penetration of the electrolyte and accelerates the charge transfer kinetics. Furthermore, the more open layer spacing and electronic interactions induced by Co2+ doping are conducive to accelerating ion de-intercalation, thereby further improving the kinetic behavior of charge storage. Benefiting from the unique microstructure and Co2+ doping effect, the prepared NiAl-LDH-Co2+-0.9 provides a superior specific capacity of 985 C g-1 at 1 A g-1. In addition, the assembled hybrid supercapacitor with the NiAl-LDH-Co2+-0.9 as the positive electrode provides a remarkable energy density of 22.51 Wh kg-1 at a power density of 800 W kg-1 and exhibits an excellent cycle life with 80 % capacity retention after 20,000 cycles. This study demonstrates the great potential of efficient microstructure design and doping strategy in enhancing the charge storage of electrode materials.

7.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 88-102, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35441114

RESUMO

Autologous mosaicplasty is a common approach used to treat osteochondral defects in clinical practice. Gap integration between host and transplanted plugs requires bone tissue reservation and hyaline cartilage regeneration without uneven surface, graft necrosis and sclerosis. However, poor gap integration is a serious concern, which eventually leads to deterioration of joint function. To deal with such complications, this study has developed a strategy to effectively enhance integration of the gap region following mosaicplasty by applying injectable bioactive supramolecular nanofiber-enabled gelatin methacryloyl (GelMA) hydrogel (BSN-GelMA). A rabbit osteochondral defect model demonstrated that BSN-GelMA achieved seamless osteochondral healing in the gap region between plugs of osteochondral defects following mosaicplasty, as early as six weeks. Moreover, the International Cartilage Repair Society score, histology score, glycosaminoglycan content, subchondral bone volume, and collagen II expression were observed to be the highest in the gap region of BSN-GelMA treated group. This improved outcome was due to bio-interactive materials, which acted as tissue fillers to bridge the gap, prevent cartilage degeneration, and promote graft survival and migration of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells by releasing bioactive supramolecular nanofibers from the GelMA hydrogel. This study provides a powerful and applicable approach to improve gap integration after autologous mosaicplasty. It is also a promising off-the-shelf bioactive material for cell-free in situ tissue regeneration.

8.
Diagn Cytopathol ; 50(3): E100-E106, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34870907

RESUMO

Glomus tumors make up 1% of stromal tumors of the stomach. Radiologic diagnosis of glomus tumors can be challenging as they share imaging characteristics with other neuroendocrine tumors and gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) has been reported as a useful method for the evaluation of gastrointestinal lesions. We report two cases of gastric glomus tumors in which EUS-FNA diagnosis was challenging. Cytologically, neoplastic cells were round to oval, uniform, bland appearing epithelioid cells with delicate chromatin and inconspicuous to vague nucleoli. Both samples lacked worrisome features such as high nuclear grade, high mitotic rate, and necrosis. Neoplastic cells were negative for Cam5.2 and AE1/AE3 with focal expression of synaptophysin in one of the cases. A definitive diagnosis was not made based on FNA. Familiarity with glomus tumors in the GI system and procurement of adequate material for cell block allowing the use of immunohistochemistry may allow an accurate preoperative diagnosis.


Assuntos
Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal , Tumor Glômico , Neoplasias Gástricas , Aspiração por Agulha Fina Guiada por Ultrassom Endoscópico/métodos , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/patologia , Tumor Glômico/diagnóstico , Tumor Glômico/patologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
9.
Nat Immunol ; 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36411380

RESUMO

Increasing evidence indicates close interaction between immune cells and the brain, revising the traditional view of the immune privilege of the brain. However, the specific mechanisms by which immune cells promote normal neural function are not entirely understood. Mucosal-associated invariant T cells (MAIT cells) are a unique type of innate-like T cell with molecular and functional properties that remain to be better characterized. In the present study, we report that MAIT cells are present in the meninges and express high levels of antioxidant molecules. MAIT cell deficiency in mice results in the accumulation of reactive oxidative species in the meninges, leading to reduced expression of junctional protein and meningeal barrier leakage. The presence of MAIT cells restricts neuroinflammation in the brain and preserves learning and memory. Together, our work reveals a new functional role for MAIT cells in the meninges and suggests that meningeal immune cells can help maintain normal neural function by preserving meningeal barrier homeostasis and integrity.

10.
Transl Cancer Res ; 11(10): 3774-3779, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388014

RESUMO

Background: The 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) global pandemic has greatly changed the mode of hospital admissions. This study summarized and analyzed the incidence of severe diarrhea and anastomotic leakage during different periods for colorectal cancer surgery. Methods: From January 2017 to September 2020, 2,619 colorectal operations were performed in Peking Union Medical College Hospital. In contrast with previous years, enhanced hand hygiene training, more frequent ventilation of the wards, and separate bed treatments for patients were implemented in 2020. Data on incidence of severe diarrhea and anastomotic leakage were retrieved and collected. Results: The number of cases of severe diarrhea after colorectal surgery was 32 (4.60%), 24 (3.33%), 32 (3.83%), and 11 (2.99%) in 2017, 2018, 2019, and 2020 respectively, while the incidence of anastomotic leakage was 3.30% (23/696), 3.75% (27/720), 2.87% (24/835), and 2.17% (8/368), respectively. There was no significant difference in the incidence of postoperative severe diarrhea or anastomotic leakage across the various years. Conclusions: The number of colorectal surgeries in 2020 was significantly decreased due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Among the different years, no difference was observed regarding the incidence of postoperative flora disorder or anastomosis leakage. Enhanced hygiene measures during the COVID-19 epidemic partially contributed to the decrease of severe diarrhea and anastomotic leakage.

11.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 1029350, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388920

RESUMO

Purpose: To identify the iris morphology-related factors for prediction of outcomes of excessively low vault (< 100 µm) after Implantable Collamer Lens V4c (ICL V4c; STAAR Surgical) implantation. Methods: This retrospective case-control study included 81 eyes from 2,080 patients who underwent ICL implantation. Twenty-seven eyes of 27 patients with excessively low vault (< 100 µm) constituted the case group (excessively low vault group). Patients with vault (250 to 750 µm) were selected as the optimal vault group by matching anterior chamber depth, white-to-white distance and ICL size with cases with excessive low vault (< 100 µm) at a proportion of 1:2. The preoperative biometric parameters and postoperative vault were recorded. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to assess the relationship between the postoperative vault and various variables. Conditional logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the risk factors for excessively low vault. Results: The postoperative vault was associated with preoperative pupil diameter (PD), crystalline lens rise, iris concavity and the ratio of the iris concavity to chord length (P < 0.05). The larger iris concavity increased risk of excessively low postoperative vault (< 100 µm) (OR = 81.10; 95%CI = 2.87 to 2296.58; P = 0.01). Conclusions: Eyes with obviously concave iris were associated with a higher rate of excessively low vault (< 100 µm). Evaluation of iris morphology may provide significant information for predicting excessive postoperative vault.

12.
Int J Bioprint ; 8(4): 611, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36404779

RESUMO

As a major extracellular matrix component within the skin, collagen has been widely used to engineer human skin tissues. However, most collagen is extracted from animals. Here, we introduced recombinant human type III collagen (rhCol3) as a bioactive component to formulate bioinks for the bioprinting of a full-thickness human skin equivalent. Human dermal fibroblasts were encapsulated in the gelatin methacryloyl-rhCol3 composite bioinks and printed on a transwell to form the dermis layer, on which human epidermal keratinocytes were seeded to perform an air-liquid interface culture for 6 weeks. After optimizing the bioink formulation and bioprinting process, we investigated the effect of rhCol3 on skin tissue formation. The results suggest that a higher concentration of rhCol3 would enhance the growth of both cells, resulting in a more confluent (~100%) spreading of the epidermal keratinocytes at an early stage (3 days), compared to the rhCol3-free counterpart. Moreover, in an in vivo experiment, adding rhCol3 in the hydrogel formulation would contribute to the skin wound healing process. Taken together, we conclude that rhCol3 could act as a functional bioink component to promote basic skin cellular processes for skin tissue engineering.

13.
Int J Bioprint ; 8(4): 617, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36404789

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting offers a potentially powerful new approach to reverse engineering human pathophysiology to address the problem of developing more biomimetic experimental systems. Human tissues and organs are multiscale and multi-material structures. The greatest challenge for organ printing is the complexity of the structural elements, from the shape of the macroscopic structure to the details of the nanostructure. A highly bionic tissue-organ model requires the use of multiple printing processes. Some printers with multiple nozzles and multiple processes are currently reported. However, the bulk volume, which is inconvenient to move, and the high cost of these printing systems limits the expansion of their applications. Scientists urgently need a multifunctional miniaturized 3D bioprinter. In this study, a portable multifunctional 3D bioprinting system was built based on a modular design and a custom written operating application. Using this platform, constructs with detailed surface structures, hollow structures, and multiscale complex tissue analogs were successfully printed using commercial polymers and a series of hydrogel-based inks. With further development, this portable, modular, low-cost, and easy-to-use Bluetooth-enabled 3D printer promises exciting opportunities for resource-constrained application scenarios, not only in biomedical engineering but also in the education field, and may be used in space experiments.

14.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 996938, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36406404

RESUMO

Spiroplasma mirum, small motile wall-less bacteria, was originally isolated from a rabbit tick and had the ability to infect newborn mice and caused cataracts. In this study, the whole genome and antigen proteins of S. mirum were comparative analyzed and investigated. Glycolysis, pentose phosphate pathway, arginine metabolism, nucleotide biosynthesis, and citrate fermentation were found in S. mirum, while trichloroacetic acid, fatty acids metabolism, phospholipid biosynthesis, terpenoid biosynthesis, lactose-specific PTS, and cofactors synthesis were completely absent. The Sec systems of S. mirum consist of SecA, SecE, SecDF, SecG, SecY, and YidC. Signal peptidase II was identified in S. mirum, but no signal peptidase I. The relative gene order in S. mirum is largely conserved. Genome analysis of available species in Mollicutes revealed that they shared only 84 proteins. S. mirum genome has 381 pseudogenes, accounting for 31.6% of total protein-coding genes. This is the evidence that spiroplasma genome is under an ongoing genome reduction. Immunoproteomics, a new scientific technique combining proteomics and immunological analytical methods, provided the direction of our research on S. mirum. We identified 49 proteins and 11 proteins (9 proteins in common) in S. mirum by anti-S. mirum serum and negative serum, respectively. Forty proteins in S. mirum were identified in relation to the virulence. All these proteins may play key roles in the pathogeny and can be used in the future for diagnoses and prevention.

15.
ISA Trans ; 2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36404151

RESUMO

Accurate and reliable measurement of key biological parameters during penicillin fermentation is of great significance for improving penicillin production. In this research context, a new hybrid soft sensor model method based on RF-IHHO-LSTM (random forest-improved​ Harris hawks optimization-long short-term memory) is proposed for penicillin fermentation processes. Firstly, random forest (RF) is used for feature selection of the auxiliary variables for penicillin. Next, improvements are made for the Harris hawks optimization (HHO) algorithm, including using elite opposition-based learning strategy (EOBL) in initialization to enhance the population diversity, and using golden sine algorithm (Gold-SA) in the search strategy to make the algorithm accelerate convergence. Then the long short-term memory (LSTM) network is constructed to build a soft sensor model of penicillin fermentation processes. Finally, the hybrid soft sensor model is used to the Pensim platform in simulation experimental research. The simulation test results show that the established soft sensor model, with high accuracy of measurement and good effect, can meet the actual requirements of engineering.

16.
ASN Neuro ; 14: 17590914221136662, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36383501

RESUMO

Depression is a common psychiatric comorbidity in patients with epilepsy, especially those with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). The aim of this study was to assess changes in high mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1) expression in epileptic patients with and without comorbid depression. Sixty patients with drug-resistant TLE who underwent anterior temporal lobectomy were enrolled. Anterior hippocampal samples were collected after surgery and analyzed by immunofluorescence (n = 7/group). We also evaluated the expression of HMGB1 in TLE patients with hippocampal sclerosis and measured the level of plasma HMGB1 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The results showed that 28.3% of the patients (17/60) had comorbid depression. HMGB1 was ubiquitously expressed in all subregions of the anterior hippocampus. The ratio of HMGB1-immunoreactive neurons and astrocytes was significantly increased in both TLE patients with hippocampal sclerosis and TLE patients with comorbid depression compared to patients with TLE only. The ratio of cytoplasmic to nuclear HMGB1-positive neurons in the hippocampus was higher in depressed patients with TLE than in nondepressed patients, which suggested that more HMGB1 translocated from the nucleus to the cytoplasm in the depressed group. There was no significant difference in the plasma level of HMGB1 among patients with TLE alone, TLE with hippocampal sclerosis, and TLE with comorbid depression. The results of the study revealed that the translocation of HMGB1 from the nucleus to the cytoplasm in hippocampal neurons may play a previously unrecognized role in the initiation and amplification of epilepsy and comorbid depression. The direct targeting of neural HMGB1 is a promising approach for anti-inflammatory therapy.


Assuntos
Epilepsia do Lobo Temporal , Epilepsia , Proteína HMGB1 , Humanos , Esclerose/metabolismo , Esclerose/patologia , Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , Epilepsia do Lobo Temporal/cirurgia , Epilepsia do Lobo Temporal/metabolismo , Epilepsia do Lobo Temporal/patologia , Hipocampo/patologia , Epilepsia/cirurgia , Epilepsia/metabolismo , Gliose/patologia , Citoplasma/metabolismo
17.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 17(1): 498, 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36403063

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess the geometrical risk factors for meniscal injuries. We hypothesized that the narrowness of the intercondylar notch and the smaller tibial spine could increase the risk of meniscal injuries. METHODS: We retrospectively studied two hundred and seven patients examined for knee magnetic resonance images. Two experienced orthopedists evaluated the severity of meniscal injuries. The notch width, bicondylar notch width, notch width index, condyle width of the femur, tibial spine height, and intercondylar angle were measured in magnetic resonance image slides by two blinded orthopedists. RESULTS: A total of 112 patients with a meniscus injury and 95 patients were as healthy control in all two hundred and seven patients. The NWI (P = 0.027) in patients with meniscus injuries was significantly different from the control group. A 1 SD (0.04 mm) increase in NWI was associated with a 0.4-fold increase in the risk of meniscal injury. A 1 SD (0.04 mm) increase in NWI was associated with a 0.64-fold increase in the risk of grade 3 meniscal injury. Furthermore, NWI and medial spine height are decreased significantly in grade 2 (P < 0.05) meniscal injury than in other grades. The medial spine height was significantly decreased in the meniscal injury group (P = 0.025), and the decrease in medial spine height would increase the risk of meniscal injury (OR = 0.77) and grade 3 meniscal injury (OR = 0.8). CONCLUSIONS: The stenosis of the femoral intercondylar notch and small medial tibial spine is risk factors of meniscal injury. The decreased NWI and the medial tibial spine height were also associated with the severity of the meniscal injury.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Menisco , Humanos , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/patologia , Joelho
18.
Molecules ; 27(21)2022 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36364377

RESUMO

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have presented potential for detection of specific species and catalytic application due to their diverse framework structures and functionalities. In this work, two novel pillar-layered MOFs [Cd6(DPA)2(NTB)4(H2O)4]n·n(DPA·5DMA·H2O) (1) and [Cu2(DPA)(OBA)2]n·n(2.5DMF·H2O) (2) [DPA = 2,5-di(pyridin-4-yl)aniline, H3NTB = 4,4',4''-nitrilotribenzoic acid, H2OBA = 4,4'-oxydibenzoic acid, DMA = N,N-dimethylacetamide, DMF = N,N-dimethylformamide] were successfully synthesized and structurally characterized. Both 1 and 2 have three-dimensional framework structures. The fluorescent property of 1 makes it possible for sensing specific amino acid such as L-glutamic acid (Glu) and L-aspartic acid (Asp). While MOF 2 was found to be suitable for photocatalytic degradation of Rhodamine B (RhB) in the presence of H2O2. The results imply that MOFs are versatile and metal centers are important in determining their properties.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Aminoácidos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Rodaminas/química
19.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(21)2022 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36365621

RESUMO

In order to improve electrical matching between ethylene-propylene-diene misch-polymere (EPDM) reinforce insulation and crosslinked polyethylene (XLPE) main insulation in direct current (DC) cable accessories, the glyceryl monooleate (GMO) organic compound composed of several polar-groups and one long carbon chain is employed for chemical graft modification on EPDM to ameliorate DC electrical performances. Charge trap characteristics are analyzed by testing thermal stimulation current (TSC) and verified by calculating first-principles electronic properties to elucidate the GMO-graft-modified charge trapping mechanism accounting for DC electric conductance and dielectric breakdown. The grafted GMO molecules introduce substantial shallow charge traps that lead to nonlinear profiles of electric conduction versus electric field and cause hopping transports of percolation conductance. Electric conductance of EPDM is significantly improved by GMO graft for electrical matching with XLPE, while a high level of dielectric breakdown strength is retained sufficiently for reinforce insulation in cable accessories. Shallow charge traps introduced by GMO graft are capable of capturing charge carriers to form homocharge layers near electrodes which can scatter the transporting charge carriers and exclude further charge injections, thus to mitigate the dielectric breakdown strength reduction caused by electric conductivity improvement. Electric field finite-element simulations demonstrate that the electric field in DC cable terminals can be evidently homogenized by using GMO-grafted EPDM as reinforce insulation.

20.
Anim Biotechnol ; : 1-9, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384387

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that melatonin has a certain regulatory effect on the growth of sheep wool. However, the mechanism of melatonin action remains unknown. In the present study, we aimed to understand the role of exogenous melatonin in the dermal papilla cells of Hu sheep. To confirm the optimal melatonin treatment regimen for Hu sheep dermal papilla cells, we detected the cell viability by exposing them to different concentrations of melatonin and different treatment times. The results showed that cell viability was best when dermal papilla cells were treated with 1000 pg/ml of melatonin for 48 h. According to the results of qPCR, CCK-8, EDU, Western blot, and Flow cytometry analysis, we found that 1000 pg/ml melatonin promoted the proliferation and inhibited the apoptosis of dermal papilla cells compared with the exogenous melatonin blank group (control group). Furthermore, we also found that 1000 pg/ml of melatonin promoted the cell cycle progress of dermal papilla cells according to the results of qPCR and Flow cytometry analysis. Overall, our findings showed that melatonin plays an important role in the dermal papilla cells of Hu sheep.

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