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1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(8): 604-609, 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164115

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the methods and appliaction value for self-constructing brainstem fiber bundles by neurosurgeon through 3D-Slicer software in neurosurgical preoperative planning. Methods: The DCIOM format imaging data of 31 patients with neurosurgical brainstem lesions were collected who admitted to Neurosurgery Department at the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from June 2018 to May 2019 and imported into the 3D-Slicer software system. The neurosurgery specialists independently constructed the fiber bundles to generate two-dimensional Fraction Anisotropy maps, Directionally Encoded Color maps and three-dimensional fiber bundle tracing maps. Building a preopertive virtual pathological anatomical imaging system and understanding the three-dimensional pathological anatomical relationship between lesions and brain stem fiber bundles to develop an accurate surgical approach and simulate surgicalprocedures before surgery. Results: All cases were reconstructed by neurosurgeon, and the self-constructed 3D virtual images were used to develop the surgical plan. All the operations were successfully completed under the assistance of microsurgical techniques and neuroendoscopy while avoiding fiber bundles as much as possible, and the total or subtotal tumor was achieved without damage to the fiber bundle. After operation, the symptoms of new brainstem fiber bundle injury were mild. 31 patients were followed up 3 months after operation without obvious symptoms of brainstem fiber bundle injury, and 31 patients were followed up 6 months after operation without obvious symptoms of brainstem fiber bundle injury. Conclusions: Constructing brainstem fiber bundles by neurosurgeon can accurately and purposefully reconstruct the shape of brainstem fiber bundles, so that neurosurgeons can more accurately understand the three-dimensional pathological anatomical relationship between tumor and brain stem fiber bundles. In order to formulate the surgical plan in a more reasonable way, choose the optimal surgical approach, understand the location of the "relative safe area" , and be more confident to avoid damage to the brain stem fiber bundle while achieving subtotal or total resection of the tumor,also the nerve function of the patient is preserved as much as possible.

2.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(2): 139-144, 2020 Feb 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135649

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the prognostic factors of T1-2N0M0 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) treated with definitive radiotherapy. Methods: The clinical data of 196 patients with T1-2N0M0 ESCC who were treated with definitive radiotherapy in 10 hospitals were retrospectively analyzed. All sites were members of Jing-Jin-Ji Esophageal and Esophagogastric Cancer Radiotherapy Oncology Group (3JECROG). Radiochemotherapy were applied to 78 patients, while the other 118 patients received radiotherapy only. 96 patients were treated with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) and 100 treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). The median dose of plan target volume(PTV) and gross target volume(GTV) were both 60 Gy. The median follow-up time was 59.2 months. Log rank test and Cox regression analysis were used for univariat and multivariate analysis, respectively. Results: The percentage of normal lung receiving at least 20 Gy (V(20)) was (18.65±7.20)%, with average dose of (10.81±42.05) Gy. The percentage of normal heart receiving at least 30 Gy (V(30)) was (14.21±12.28)%. The maximum dose of exposure in spinal cord was (39.65±8.13) Gy. The incidence of radiation pneumonia and radiation esophagitis were 14.80%(29/196) and 65.82%(129/196), respectively. The adverse events were mostly grade 1-2, without grade 4 toxicity. Median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 70.1 months and 62.3 months, respectively. The 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates of all patients were 75.1%、57.4% and 53.2%, respectively. The 1-, 3- and 5-year PFS rates were 75.1%、57.4% and 53.2%, respectively. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that patients'age (HR=1.023, P=0.038) and tumor diameter (HR=1.243, P=0.028)were the independent prognostic factors for OS, while tumor volume were the independent prognostic factor for PFS. Conclusions: Definitive radiotherapy is a promising therapeutic method in patients with T1-2N0M0 ESCC. Patients' age, tumor diameter and tumor volume may impact patients' prognosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/radioterapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/radioterapia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Quimiorradioterapia , Relação Dose-Resposta à Radiação , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Humanos , Prognóstico , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Radioterapia Conformacional , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(2): 155-159, 2020 Feb 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135652

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of lung cancer screening in urban areas of Henan province by low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) from 2013 to 2017. Methods: A cluster sampling method was used to select the residents of 40-74 years old in Henan province to investigate the risk factors and conduct lung cancer risk assessment. Subjects with high risk of lung cancer received LDCT for screening. Results: A total of 179 002 residents completed the lung cancer risk assessment, and 35 672 subjects were identified as high risk of lung cancer, with a high risk rate of 19.93%. A total of 13 383 subjects with high risk received LDCT, and the screening rate was 37.52%. There were 786 cases diagnosed as positive nodules, and the detection rate was 5.87%. Among them, 755 cases of solid/partial solid nodule were ≥5 mm, 23 cases of non-solid nodules were ≥8 mm, 8 cases were intratracheal nodules, and 115 cases were diagnosed as suspicious lung cancer. The detection rate in males was 6.74%, which was higher than 5.02% in females. The detection rate was positively related with age (P<0.05). Conclusions: The application of LDCT is a useful screening method which can elevate the early detection rate of positive nodules and other related diseases in lungs. In the future, males and older populations should be paid more attention to improve screening efficacy.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , População Urbana
4.
Int J Surg ; 77: 1-7, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32173609

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The optimal treatment for gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) of the rectum is controversial due to the extremely low incidence of the disease. The aim of the present study was to compare the clinical outcomes of different treatment modalities for rectal GIST by reviewing the 14-year experience in our center. METHOD: Medical records of rectal GIST patients who received surgical treatment in our center between January 2004 to December 2017 were reviewed retrospectively. Overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were used as the observation endpoints. RESULTS: Included in this study were 71 GIST patients, including 42 patients who underwent local excision (LE) and 29 patients who underwent segmental resection (SR). There were differences in tumor size (P = 0.001) and malignant risk grade (P = 0.007). The LE approach achieved a lower rate of R0 resection than SR (29/42 vs.27/29, P = 0.015) and shorter hospital stay (P = 0.004). Preoperative imatinib mesylate (IM) therapy improved the rate of sphincter-sparing surgery for patients with tumors in the very low segment of the rectum (P = 0.012) and offered better R0 resection margins (P = 0.027). Multivariate analysis showed that the resection margin status (P = 0.014), risk stratification (P = 0.001) and IM therapy (P = 0.042) were independent factors affecting RFS of rectal GIST patients but not the surgical modalities (LE vs. SR, P = 0.802). Multivariate analysis showed no significant impact of these variables on OS. CONCLUSION: Selection of surgical modalities has no significant impact on the prognosis. Local excision is the preferred surgical modality for resectable rectal GIST by virtue of less injury and shorter hospital stay. IM therapy has proved to be associated with improved RFS for rectal GIST patients.

5.
J Appl Microbiol ; 2020 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32160376

RESUMO

AIM: To examine the synergistic effect of calycosin combined with polymyxin B against various mcr-1-positive bacterial strains. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, we found a potential inhibitor of MCR-1, calycosin, that could significantly restore the antibacterial activity of polymyxin B. The synergistic effect of calycosin combined with polymyxin B against various mcr-1-positive bacterial strains was confirmed by checkerboard minimum inhibitory concentration assays, time-kill curve assays and disk diffusion assays. The fractional inhibitory concentration indexes ranged from 0·15 ± 0·03 to 0·28 ± 0·05, and the zones of inhibition increased from 13·33 ± 0·47 to 17·67 ± 0·47 mm with the combined therapy of calycosin and polymyxin B. In addition, the combined therapy significantly reduced the number of bacteria in the medium. However, at the concentrations required for the synergistic effect with polymyxin B, calycosin alone showed no effect on bacterial growth or MCR-1 production. Calycosin treatment exhibited no cytotoxicity to HeLa cells or A549 cells at calycosin concentrations below 32 µg ml-1 . CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, our results suggested that calycosin could be used as a potential MCR-1 inhibitor to restore the bactericidal effect of polymyxin B without affecting bacterial viability or existing cytotoxicity. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: The synergistic effect of calycosin combined with polymyxin B against various mcr-1-positive bacterial strains paves the way for future pharmaceutical applications of calycosin in fighting mcr-1-positive bacterial infections.

6.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(3): 314-319, 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187938

RESUMO

Objective: To systematically evaluate the quality of gastric cancer screening guidelines/recommendations, and provide a reference for the update of gastric cancer screening guidelines/recommendations in China. Methods: "guidelines/consensus/specifications/standards" , "stomach/gastric tumors" , "screening/diagnosis" , "guideline/recommendation" , "gastric cancer/gastric tumor," "early detection of cancer/screening" were searched as keywords in PubMed, Embase, Web of knowledge, China Knowledge Network, Wanfang, China Biomedical Literature Database, and Cochrane Library, as well as the US Preventive Services Working Group, the American Cancer Society, the International Agency for Research on Cancer, the Australia Cancer Council and the International Guide Collaboration Network at the end of July 2018. The inclusion criteria were independent guidelines/recommendation documents for gastric cancer screening. The exclusion criteria were guideline abstracts, interpretation and evaluation literature, duplicate publications, updated original guidelines, and clinical treatment or practice guidelines for gastric cancer. The language was limited to Chinese and English. The European Guide to Research and Evaluation Tools (AGREE Ⅱ) and Practice Guideline Reporting Standard (RIGHT) for Gastric Cancer Screening Guidelines/Recommendations were used to compare and evaluate the quality and reporting standard of gastric cancer screening guidelines/recommendations. Results: A total of five guides/recommendations were included. The results of the AGREE Ⅱ quality evaluation showed that the overall quality of five guides/recommendations was different, including one recommended for "A", one for "B", and three for "C". Each guide/recommendation scored higher in the scope and purpose, clarity, and scores were more significant in the areas of rigor and independence. In the participants, the application field scores were generally low. The RIGHT evaluation results showed that the quality of five guides/recommendations should be improved. The six items with poor report quality were background, evidence, recommendations, review and quality assurance, funding and conflict of interest statement and management, and other aspects. Conclusion: The quality of the included gastric cancer screening guidelines/recommendations is generally low, and the standardization should be strengthened.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/normas , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , China , Consenso , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Humanos , Padrões de Referência
7.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(3): 178-182, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187921

RESUMO

The 2019 coronavirus disease(COVID-19) has cost a great loss to the health and economic property of Chines people. Under such a special circumstance, how to deal with such patients with acute aortic syndrome has become a serious challenge. Rapid diagnosis of concomitant COVID-19, safe and effective transportation, implementation of the interventional procedure, protection of vascular surgical team and postoperative management and follow-up of such patients have become urgent problems for us. Combined with the latest novel government documents, the literature and the experiences from Wuhan, we answered the above questions briefly and plainly. We also hope to inspire the national vascular surgeons to manage critical emergencies in vascular surgery and even routine vascular diseases with COVID-19, as a final point to limit the severe epidemic situation, and minimize the damage of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma Aórtico/cirurgia , Betacoronavirus , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardiovasculares/normas , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Aneurisma Dissecante/virologia , Aneurisma Aórtico/virologia , China , Humanos
8.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(2): 123-128, 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074790

RESUMO

Many breakthroughs in the field of surgical clinical researches have been achieved in China, but the overall quality is relatively limited, largely because of the insufficiency in standardization, rationality and scientificity of methodology. In consideration of the nature of surgical procedures and equipments, it is necessary to establish a set of methodological system, suitable for the high-quality clinical research in the surgical field. IDEAL collaboration has put forward a systematic methodological framework for innovation in surgical procedure and equipment. For the clinical research on surgical innovation, the IDEAL framework can be divided into five sequential stages, namely, Idea, Development, Exploration, Assessment and Long-term follow-up. In different stages, the difficulties to be faced, the problems to be solved, and the research design to be adopted are diverse and progressive. Although the IDEAL framework is not perfect, it is currently the best framework for surgical clinical research. While performing surgical clinical research, we should continue to think about how to improve the surgical clinical research methodology.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/normas , Cirurgia Geral , Projetos de Pesquisa , China
9.
Cancer Radiother ; 24(1): 81-84, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32046914

RESUMO

Radiation therapy (RT) is an effective treatment for cancer. Approximately, 70% of cancer patients receive RT in China. The immune-modulating effect of radiation therapy have gained considerable interest in recent years and there have been multiple reports of synergy between radiation and immunotherapy. Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are a group of T cell subsets with immunosuppressive function, which is correlated with cancer. Tregs are involved in the pathogenesis, development, treatment and prognosis of tumors by cell-cell contact, cytokines, and cell metabolism. Based on the immunological characteristics of Tregs, this article reviews the interaction between RT and immune molecules, aiming to provide new ideas for RT combined with immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/imunologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Humanos , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos da radiação
10.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 24(2): 198-204, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003411

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Recently, elevated homocysteine was reported to be associated with frailty in cross-sectional studies. However, whether homocysteine is causally associated with frailty is unknown. Here, we explore the inter-relationships between five non-synonymous genetic variants of homocysteine metabolic four genes, plasma homocysteine levels, and frailty. METHOD: Data of 1480 individuals aged 70-87 years from the ageing arm of Rugao Longevity and Ageing Study were used. Five variants of the four homocysteine metabolic enzyme genes were genotyped. Frailty was defined using Fried's phenotype criteria. RESULTS: The percentage of high homocysteine (>15µmol/L) is 33.3%. Two functional variants that decrease methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) activities, C677T (Ala222Val, rs1801133) and A1298C (Glu429Ala, rs1801131), were significantly associated with increased homocysteine levels (ß=-1.16, p=0.01; and ß=1.46, p<0.001, respectively). In addition, homocysteine increase gradually from CC-CC, CC-AC, CT-AC, CT-AA, CC-AA, to TT-AA genotypes of the C677T-A1298C combinations. The five polymorphisms in the homocysteine metabolic gene was not associated with frailty. However, homocysteine was significantly associated with frailty with an OR of 2.27 (95% 1.36-3.78) for high homocysteine after adjusting for multiple confounding factors. CONCLUSION: Elevated homocysteine is not a causal factor but a biomarker that manifests greater possibility of frailty in high risk elderly individuals for prevention.

11.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(1): 90-96, 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32071469

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There is no universally accepted method for determining the ideal sagittal position of the maxilla in orthognathic surgery. The purpose of this study was to compare how well the Delaire's cephalometric analysis correlated with postoperatively findings in patients who underwent orthognathic surgery planned using other cephalometric analyses, as well as to evaluate the feasibility of the Delaire's cephalometric analysis in predicting the ideal sagittal position of the maxilla and chin. METHODS: In the study, 35 patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion were involved and met the criteria. Treatment plans were developed using photographs, 3-D photographs, radiographs, and standard cephalometric measurements. The Delaire's cephalometric analysis data, like the phase measurements (∠C1-L1 and ∠C1-L2) of the sagittal positions of the maxillary and the chin separating the reference line (L1) of NP point and the reference line (L2) of Me point, were analyzed using Dolphin Imaging software. At the same time, the analyses on standard measurements were also performed. Four orthognathic doctors, 4 orthodontic doctors and 4 college students from non-medical majors were selected as aesthetic evaluators to assess the patients' profile aesthetic by visual analogue scale (VAS). The results through the Delaire's cephalometric analysis were statistically compared with that through standard methods. RESULTS: The mean of ∠C1-L1 was 83.93°±2.99° and∠C1-L2 was 89.08° ±2.48° for males postoperatively, and 85.67° ±3.60° and 88.30° ±4.20° for females postoperatively. Compared with the reference values of Chinese goodlooking people, there was no significant difference of NP point, whereas there was a significant difference of Me point. The postoperative aesthetic scores were: the mean was 6.71±0.25 of upper jaws, 6.81±0.30 of chins and 6.90±0.29 of the overall for males; and 7.19±0.22, 7.26±0.34 and 7.39±0.29 for females. Compared with preoperative scores, there was a significant improvement. Furthermore, the scores of chins and the overall scores were related to the sagittal position of the chins. CONCLUSION: Compared with standard cephalometric analysis, the Deliare's cephalometric analysis well unravel the preoperative deformity and the final esthetic sagittal positions of maxillary and chin in the present sample, and could be a useful tool for the planning of surgery-first approach in orthognathic surgery.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Ortognática , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos , Cefalometria , Queixo , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Maxila
12.
Anim Genet ; 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32091145

RESUMO

Manila clam, Ruditapes philippinarum, is an economically important marine bivalve species. Y-box proteins are members of the cold shock proteins family and highly conserved from bacteria to humans. In this study, a novel Y-box gene (Rpybx) was cloned from the Manila clam and gene expression profiling was performed on three shell color strains (white, zebra and white zebra) and two wild populations (Southern and Northern) of R. philippinarum. The complete ORF length of Rpybx is 1367 bp, encoding 253 amino acids residues. Based on the amino acid sequence analysis and phylogenetic analysis, the Rpybx gene was identified as a member of the invertebrate Y-box proteins family. Rpybx has a similar tertiary structure to human Y-box protein YB-1. The Rpybx mRNA levels were analyzed by qPCR under acute and gradually varied cold stress. Under acute low-temperature stress, the expression of Rpybx mRNA in gills and hepatopancreas was significantly increased in all selected strains and populations (P < 0.05). The Northern population showed the lowest relative expression level of Rpybx. The expressions of Rpybx were greatly upregulated in gills and hepatopancreas of different stains and populations at 5 or -2°C under gradually varied temperature stress (P < 0.05). The results shed light on the biological function of the Rpybx gene in defending against low-temperature challenge and further exploring the molecular mechanism of cold tolerance and resistance in R. philippinarum.

13.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(3): 1233-1242, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32096153

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown the carcinogenic role of long-chain non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) TRERNA1. However, the role of TRERNA1 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not been reported. This research aims to explore the regulatory effect of TRERNA1/FOXL1 axis on the malignant progression of NSCLC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to examine the expression levels of TRERNA1 and FOXL1 in 39 pairs of tumor tissues and paracancerous ones collected from NSCLC patients. The potential relation between TRERNA1 expression and clinical indicators of NSCLC patients was analyzed. Meanwhile, expression levels of TRERNA1 and FOXL1 in NSCLC cell lines were also detected by qRT-PCR. In addition, TRERNA1 knockdown model was constructed in H358 and SPC-A1 cells. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), cell colony formation assay, and flow cytometry were applied to analyze the influence of TRERNA1 on NSCLC cell biological functions. Finally, Dual-Luciferase reporter gene assay and cell reverse recovery experiments were performed to figure out the underlying mechanisms of TRERNA1 in regulating NSCLC progression. RESULTS: QRT-PCR results indicated that the expression level of lncRNA TRERNA1 in tumor tissue samples of NSCLC patients was remarkably higher than that in adjacent tissues. Compared with NSCLC patients with low expression of TRERNA1, patients with high TRERNA1 expression had a worse pathological stage and overall survival. Similarly, compared with cells in sh-NC group, the proliferation ability of cells in sh-TRERNA1 group was remarkably attenuated. In addition, cell ratio in the G1 phase increased after knockdown of TRERNA1, suggesting the arrested G1/S cell cycle. Subsequently, FOXL1 was downregulated in NSCLC cell lines and tumor tissues. Meanwhile, FOXL1 level was verified to be negatively correlated with TRERNA1 level. Additionally, the binding between TRERNA1 and FOXL1 was confirmed by Dual-Luciferase reporter gene assay. Cell reverse investigation indicated the involvement of FOXL1 in TRERNA1-regulated malignant progression of NSCLC. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA TRERNA1 was up-regulated both in NSCLC tissues and cell lines. Its level was associated with pathological stage and poor prognosis in NSCLC. In addition, lncRNA TRERNA1 could promote the malignant progression of NSCLC via modulating FOXL1.

14.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(3): 1367-1377, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32096186

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The role of NEAT1 in cancers has been demonstrated. But the role of NEAT1 in cardiac hypertrophy still remains unknown. This study aimed to elucidate the specific function of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) NEAT1 in cardiac hypertrophy and its underlying mechanism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this study, the in vivo and in vitro cardiac hypertrophy models were constructed by transverse aortic coarctation (TAC) procedure in rats and phenylephrine (PE) induction in primary cardiomyocytes, respectively. The expression levels of NEAT1, microRNA-19a-3p, SMYD2, and cardiac hypertrophic markers were detected by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). Cardiac hypertrophy was evaluated as calculating the surface area of hypertrophic cardiomyocyte by fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-Phalloidin staining. Luciferase Reporter Gene Assay was conducted to detect the binding of NEAT1, SMYD2, and microRNA-19a-3p. RESULTS: The results showed that NEAT1 and SMYD2 were highly expressed in myocardium of rats with cardiac hypertrophy and PE-induced primary cardiomyocytes, whereas microRNA-19a-3p was lowly expressed. Besides, NEAT1 overexpression markedly upregulated levels of the cardiac hypertrophic markers. Moreover, FITC-Phalloidin staining also revealed hypertrophic cardiomyocytes overexpressing NEAT1. On the contrary, microRNA-19a-3p overexpression reduced the cardiomyocyte surface area and downregulated the levels of the cardiac hypertrophic markers. As luciferase reporter gene assay demonstrated, NEAT1 and SMYD2 could bind to microRNA-19a-3p. Finally, the gain-of-function experiments were designed to verify whether NEAT1 exerted its functions in cardiac hypertrophy by modulating SMYD2 and microRNA-19a-3p. Furthermore, both microRNA-19a-3p overexpression or SMYD2 knockdown could inhibit and reduce the cardiomyocyte surface area, and downregulate the levels of the cardiac hypertrophic markers. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, NEAT1 promotes the occurrence and progression of cardiac hypertrophy by upregulating SMYD2 by binding to microRNA-19a-3p.

15.
Public Health ; 181: 141-150, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32032922

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To provide an evaluation of medical expenditures induced by depression and depressive symptoms among rural elderly in China. STUDY DESIGN: The panel dataset used for this study is taken from the China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) data for the years 2012 and 2016. We examined the case of rural elderly who were 60 years old or older at the time of the 2012 survey and 64 years old or older at the time of the 2016 survey and then created a panel dataset that includes 2938 rural elderly for both years to estimate the influence of depressive symptoms/depression on medical cost. METHODS: Both two part model and four part model were used to estimate the influence of depressive symptoms and depression on medical expenditure. Then a counter-factual method was used to calculate the cost of depressive symptoms and depression among rural elderly in China. RESULTS: Mental health status has significant effects on individual medical expenses, and they aggregately contribute to 47.26% of total personal expected medical expenditures. Specifically, the rural group, the female group, the widowed group, and the poorly educated group have higher medical expenditures because of depressive status than the other groups. CONCLUSIONS: Mental health status significantly increased both the chance of undergoing medical care and the degree of medical expenditure among rural elderly in China. This situation is more serious in some vulnerable groups. Therefore, the Chinese government needs to reform its mental health of rural elderly and insurance institutions to eliminate the policy-caused barriers to mental health resources, especially for vulnerable groups.

16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(5): 328-333, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074774

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics in the brain and spinal cord of Chinese patients with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibodies associated diseases (MOGAD). Methods: Forty nine MOGAD patients with seropositive MOG-IgG and 58 AQP4-IgG positive patients were enrolled in this study. The characteristics of brain and spinal cord MRI were retrospectively analyzed. Results: There was no significant difference in the proportion of abnormal brain MRI of the two groups (69.4% vs 65.5%, P=0.177) , while the proportion of abnormal spinal cord MRI of the AQP4-IgG positive group was significantly higher than that in the MOG-IgG positive group (84.5% vs 36.7%, P=0.001) . The proportion of MOG-IgG positive patients with subcortical white matter lesions and large lesions in the brain MRI was significantly higher than that in AQP4-IgG positive group (48.9% vs 13.8%, P=0.003, 46.9% vs 12.1%, P=0.000) . The longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis in spinal cord MRI of AQP4-IgG positive group was significantly higher than that in the MOG-IgG group (70.7% vs 24.5%, P=0.002) . In addition, the proportion of MOG-IgG positive child patients with large lesions in the brain was significantly higher than that in AQP4-IgG positive child patients (76.9% vs 20.0%, P=0.047) . Conclusion: Demyelinating MRI lesions caused by MOG-IgG are heterogeneous, and could lead to a wide range of clinical phenotypes which is significantly different from those with AQP4-IgG.


Assuntos
Glicoproteína Mielina-Oligodendrócito/imunologia , Neuromielite Óptica , Aquaporina 4 , Autoanticorpos , Criança , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(0): E002, 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32066206

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) has cost a great loss to the health and economic property of Chines people. Under such a special circumstance, how to deal with such patients with acute aortic syndrome has become a serious challenge. Rapid diagnosis of concomitant NCP, safe and effective transportation, implementation of the interventional procedure, protection of vascular surgical team and postoperative management and follow-up of such patients have become urgent problems for us. Combined with the latest novel government documents, the literature and the experiences from Wuhan, we answered the above questions briefly and plainly. It also hopes to inspire the national vascular surgeons to manage critical emergencies in vascular surgery and even routine vascular diseases with NCP, as a final point to limit the severe epidemic situation, and minimize the damage of NCP.

18.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(2): 155-159, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074702

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of health belief model-based health education intervention in improving blood pressure control of patients with hypertension in community settings. Methods: From September 2016 to September 2017, 400 newly diagnosed patients with hypertension were recruited from 6 community healthcare centers with comparable population size and health services in the Shunyi District of Beijing. All community healthcare centers were randomly assigned to the intervention group (206 patients) and the control group (194 patients). Patients in the intervention group received 3 lectures (20-30 min for each) of health belief model-based health education. Patients in the control group received usual care. The basic characteristics, health beliefs, and health literacy were collected, and blood pressure was measured before and after the intervention, respectively. The difference-in-difference model was used to analyze the change of blood pressure and the influencing factors between two groups before and after the intervention. Results: A total of 134 patients in the intervention group and 129 patients in the control group completed the study. After adjusting for the age, gender, family income, medical insurance, chronic diseases and family history, the score of perceived barriers was increased by 1.65 (P=0.016), and perceived seriousness was decreased by 0.73 (P=0.018). The systolic blood pressure of patients was decreased by 7.37 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa, P=0.001) and diastolic blood pressure was decreased by 4.07 mmHg (P=0.014), respectively. The ß (95%CI) values were -7.37 (-11.88,-2.86) and -4.07 (-7.30, -0.84). The perceived susceptibility and self-efficacy had a significant influence on the blood pressure of patients (P<0.05). Conclusion: Health belief model-based health education intervention could significantly improve the blood pressure control of patients with hypertension in the community settings.


Assuntos
Hipertensão/prevenção & controle , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Pequim , Pressão Sanguínea , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Psicológicos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
19.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(2): 192-197, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074709

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical performance of p16/Ki-67 dual staining for triage high risk HPV (HR-HPV) infected women. Method: Target objects were women who infected HR-HPV and received colposcopy examination between April and December of 2016 at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. Gynecologists collected the cervical exfoliated cells from eligible women for p16/Ki-67 dual staining, LBC testing and HPV DNA testing. Histology diagnosis were used as gold standard. Sensitivities, specificities, positive predictive values (PPVs), negative predictive values (NPVs) of p16/Ki-67 dual staining, LBC testing and HPV16/18 testing for triage of HR-HPV positive population were calculated and compared. Results: A total of 295 HR-HPV infected women were selected, and the mean age was (44.29±11.48) years old. Positive rates of p16/Ki-67 dual staining, HPV16/18 testing and LBC testing were 70.17% (207), 56.95% (168) and 85.76% (253), respectively. When CIN2+as the endpoint, among the three triage methods, sensitivity of p16/Ki-67 dual staining was 90.00% (95%CI: 85.06%-93.43%), higher than the value of HPV 16/18 testing, but lower than the value of LBC testing. Specificity, PPV and NPV of p16/Ki-67 dual staining were the highest [71.58% (95%CI: 61.81%-79.67%), 86.96% (95%CI:81.69%-90.88%) and 77.27% (95%CI: 67.49%-84.78%)]. When detection for CIN3+, sensitivity of p16/Ki-67 dual staining was 92.90% (95%CI: 87.74%-95.99%), lower than the value of LBC testing, but higher than the value of HPV16/18 testing. Specificity of p16/Ki-67 dual staining was 55.00% (95%CI: 46.74%-63.00%), lower than the value of HPV16/18 testing, but higher than the value of LBC testing. PPV of p16/Ki-67 dual staining was 69.57% (95%CI: 62.99%-75.43%), lower than the value of HPV 16/18 testing, but higher than the value of LBC testing. NPV of p16/Ki-67 dual staining was 87.50% (95%CI: 78.99%-92.87%), higher than value of HPV 16/18 testing, but lower than the value of LBC testing. Conclusion: p16/Ki-67 dual staining has better clinical effects than HPV 16/18 testing and LBC testing for triage women with HR-HPV infection.


Assuntos
Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Coloração e Rotulagem , Triagem/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Papillomavirus Humano 16/isolamento & purificação , Papillomavirus Humano 18/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67/isolamento & purificação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954383

RESUMO

Objective: To discuss the treatment, pathological subtypes and recurrence of sinonasal chondrosarcoma, and to identify the prognostic factors. Methods: Between January 1994 and May 2018, 47 patients with sinonasal chondrosarcoma who were treated in Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital, Shanghai Medwal College, Fudan University were retrospectively reviewed, including 19 males and 28 females, aging from 7 months to 71 years old, with a median age of 38 years old. The clinical symptoms, location of tumor, surgical method, pathological subtype, recurrence and prognosis were collected and analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the disease-specific survival rate, disease-free survival rate and draw survival curve. Log Rank was used to analyze the prognostic factors. Cox regression was used for multivariate analysis. Results: Except for one patient who gave up treatment after tumor biopsy, other 46 patients underwent radical resection, including 31 cases of endoscopic resection and 15 cases of extranasal approach resection. Thirty-nine patients were diagnosed as conventional intramedullary chondrosarcoma with pathological grade Ⅰ of 24 cases and grade Ⅱ of 15 cases. Six cases were diagnosed as mesenchymal chondrosarcoma while 2 cases were diagnosed as myxoid chondrosarcoma. During an average follow-up period of 56.1 months (17-156 months), 23 patients had recurrence (54.8%, 23/42), among whom 9 patients had re-operations and 5 patients died. Thirty-seven patients survived, including 25 patients survived without tumors. In addition, 5 patients were lost to follow-up, including the patient who gave up treatment after tumor biopsy. Five-year overall survival rate and disease-free survival rate was 84.7% and 34.3%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that invasion of skull base was an independent risk factor affecting disease-free survival rate (95% confidence interval: 1.089-5.825, P=0.031). Conclusions: Radical resection is the primary treatment for sinonasal chondrosarcoma. The most common pathological subtype is conventional intramedullary chondrosarcoma. Sinonasal chondrosarcoma has a high local recurrence rate. The long-term prognosis is well after complete excision of the lesion. The most important cause of death is uncontrollable local disease and invasion of adjacent key structures.


Assuntos
Condrossarcoma/patologia , Condrossarcoma/terapia , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais/patologia , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
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