Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 411
Filtrar
1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 224: 117458, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437766

RESUMO

The matter of fluoroquinolone residues in various foods still arouses wide public concern nowadays. In the present work, the strategy of excitation-emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence data coupled with second-order calibration method based on alternating normalization-weighted error (ANWE) algorithm was used to determine ofloxacin, lomefloxacin and ciprofloxacin in milk powder, milk and beef. Owning the unique "second-order advantage", the ANWE-assisted analytical method was proved to successfully and eco-friendly resolve the overlapped fluorescence spectra of multi-component in complex food matrixes without tedious pretreatment steps and sophisticated high-cost instrumentations. The feasibility of the proposed method was validated by experiments. The average spiked recoveries of three fluoroquinolones range from 82.6% to 110.5% with relative standard deviations lower than 7.4%, and the limits of detection range from 0.18 and 2.41 ng mL-1. For further evaluation, analytical figures of merit such as sensitivity and selectivity, as well as the RSDs of intra-day (≦10.6%) and inter-day (≦9.4%) were calculated. The satisfactory analytical results demonstrated that the proposed strategy could be a competitive alternative for simple, rapid and simultaneous determination of multiple fluoroquinolones in animal-derived food samples.

2.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 60(14): 4596-4605, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675076

RESUMO

Purpose: Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is the principal pathological factor contributing to blindness in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). Infiltration of M2 macrophage is thought to contribute to CNV progress, although the way that regulates its differentiation remains unclear. Here, we investigate the role of CHI3L1 in M2 differentiation and angiogenesis in CNV. Methods: Serums from nAMD patients were tested for CHI3L1 expression. Mice were subjected to laser injury to induce CNV, and lesion expansion were tracked using fundus fluorescence angiography (FFA) and immunofluorescence analysis. Several strategies were taken to verify the contribution of M2 macrophage and CHI3L1: macrophage depletion by clodrosome, local CHI3L1 inhibition using intravitreally injection neutralize antibody (mAY), and depletion of CHI3L1 receptor (IL13-Ra2) by small-interfering RNA (siRNA). Tuber analysis was used to further determine angiogenetic effect of CHI3L1. Anti-VEGFA was used as positive control for mAY. Results: Serum levels of CHI3L1 were highly elevated in nAMD patients. CHI3L1 was expressed by infiltrating M2 macrophages and was elevated as CNV progress in a mice model. System macrophage depletion and local suppression of CHI3L1 alleviated CNV formation while enhancing anti-VEGFA therapeutic effect. Stimulation of macrophage with recombinant CHI3L1 activated MAPK signaling cascade and induced transition to M2, while siRNA knockdown of IL13-Ra2 abolished it. In an in vitro coculture system, supernatants from CHI3L1-stimulated M2 macrophages and promoted tube vascularization. Conclusions: These results unveil novel angiogenic regulation of CHI3L1 and M2 polarized macrophages in CNV development. These mechanistic insights may point to CHI3L1 as a new therapeutic target for treatment for nAMD.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(20)2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31600879

RESUMO

The whitefly (Bemisia tabaci), an important invasive pest that causes severe damage to crops worldwide, has developed resistance to a variety of insecticides. Carboxylesterases (COEs) are important multifunctional enzymes involved in the growth, development, and xenobiotic metabolism of insects. However, systematic studies on the COEs of B. tabaci are scarce. Here, 42 putative COEs in different functional categories were identified in the Mediterranean species of B. tabaci (B. tabaci MED) based on a genome database and neighbor-joining phylogeny. The expression patterns of the COEs were affected by the development of B. tabaci. The expression levels of six COEs were positively correlated with the concentration of imidacloprid to which B. tabaci adults were exposed. The mortality of B. tabaci MED adults fed dsBTbe5 (67.5%) and dsBTjhe2 (58.4%) was significantly higher than the adults fed dsEGFP (41.1%) when treated with imidacloprid. Our results provide a basis for functional research on COEs in B. tabaci and provide new insight into the imidacloprid resistance of B. tabaci.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622961

RESUMO

The effect of aminopyridines substituted at different positions on the fluorescence properties deserves to be studied. Since 2-aminopyridyl-based probes have been reported, the effects of 3-aminopyridine and 4-aminopyridine on the performance of fluorescein probes were discussed in here. Two Schiff base fluorescein probes FN-1, FN-2 were designed and synthesized. Among them, since the ligand shows a highly selective and sensitive response to metal charge transfer (LMCT), the fluorescence of FN-1 can be quenched by Ce3+ ions in PBS buffer. At the same time, a specific precipitation reaction between Ce3+ and F- releases the free probe to restore the fluorescence of FN-1. Therefore, FN-1 can be used for the recyclable "ON-OFF-ON" detection of Ce3+and F-. The detection limits for Ce3+and F- are 4.48 µM and 11.58 µM in concentration range of 0 - 50 µM and 0 - 150 µM. However, due to the para position of N and amino groups on 4-aminopyridine, the spatial structure of FN-2 cannot be complexed with ions, resulting in poor selectivity. Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membrane containing FN-1 were prepared for the real-time qualitative detection of Ce3+and F- in real water samples. FN-1 exhibits high water solubility and biocompatibility and has been successfully applied to biological imaging in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs).

6.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 120: 109537, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605951

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) attenuates its anti-contractile effect through an endothelial-dependent mechanism that aggravates endothelial dysfunction in obesity. The present study was conducted to explore whether liraglutide could improve vascular dysfunction, including the anti-contractile effect of PVAT and endothelial function, by modulating PVAT-related signaling pathways in obesity. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were fed a normal-chow diet or a high-fat diet (HFD) with or without liraglutide treatment. Vascular function of the thoracic aorta with or without PVAT were measured. Protein levels of components of the PKA-AMPK-PGC1α and antioxidant signaling pathway in PVAT were determined by western blotting. Brown adipose tissue-related gene in PVAT was measured by qRT-PCR. RESULTS: Metabolic profiles of HFD-fed mice were improved after treatment with liraglutide. Liraglutide improved PVAT-induced anti-contractile capability and PVAT-induced endothelial dysfunction in HFD-fed mice both in vivo and ex vivo. However, blocking PKA, or AMPK, but not cAMP, attenuated these beneficial effects of liraglutide. Treating HFD-fed mice with liraglutide activated the AMPK/eNOS pathway and induced browning-related gene expression. Moreover, liraglutide increased antioxidant capability. The protective effects were related to activation of a cAMP-independent PKA-AMPK pathway, as demonstrated by western blot and PCR. CONCLUSIONS: Liraglutide improved vascular dysfunction by modulating a cAMP-independent PKA-AMPK pathway in PVAT in HFD-induced obese mice. The findings provide a novel mechanism for the cardiovascular protection of liraglutide by modulating PVAT function in obesity.

7.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 186: 109822, 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31634658

RESUMO

Nitroaromatic compounds (NACs) are an important type of environmental organic pollutants. However, it is lack of sufficient information relating to their potential adverse effects on human health and the environment due to the limited resources. Thus, using in silico technologies to assess their potential hazardous effects is urgent and promising. In this study, quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) and classification models were constructed using a set of NACs based on their mutagenicity against Salmonella typhimurium TA100 strain. For QSAR studies, DRAGON descriptors together with quantum chemistry descriptors were calculated for characterizing the detailed molecular information. Based on genetic algorithm (GA) and multiple linear regression (MLR) analyses, we screened descriptors and developed QSAR models. For classification studies, seven machine learning methods along with six molecular fingerprints were applied to develop qualitative classification models. The goodness of fitting, reliability, robustness and predictive performance of all developed models were measured by rigorous statistical validation criteria, then the best QSAR and classification models were chosen. Moreover, the QSAR models with quantum chemistry descriptors were compared to that without quantum chemistry descriptors and previously reported models. Notably, we also obtained some specific molecular properties or privileged substructures responsible for the high mutagenicity of NACs. Overall, the developed QSAR and classification models can be utilized as potential tools for rapidly predicting the mutagenicity of new or untested NACs for environmental hazard assessment and regulatory purposes, and may provide insights into the in vivo toxicity mechanisms of NACs and related compounds.

8.
FASEB J ; : fj201901283RR, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648566

RESUMO

VEGF is a critical driver of ocular neovascularization under disease conditions. Current therapeutic strategies rely on intraocular delivery of VEGF-antagonizing reagents, which results in sustained suppression of pathogenic vascularization. Although significant advancement has been achieved in VEGF antagonism, substantial adverse effects have been reported in retrospective clinical studies. To study mechanisms for VEGF antagonism-associated adverse effects in visual system, we intravitreally delivered recombinant adeno-associated virus-mediated expression of soluble Fms-related tyrosine kinase-1 (rAAV.sFLT-1), the extracellular domain of VEGF receptor, and analyzed the morphology and functions of retinal tissue. Here, we confirmed that intraocular VEGF antagonism induced retinal degeneration and gliosis. The functional deficit in retinal response to visual stimulation was also demonstrated in rAAV.sFLT-1-treated eyes by electroretinogram. Moreover, high-throughput RNA sequencing analysis suggests that VEGF antagonism activates retinal degeneration, inflammation, and other adverse effects. Taken together, our findings have shed light on pathogenic mechanisms for VEGF antagonism-associated adverse effects and potential therapeutic targets.-Xiao, M., Liu, Y., Wang, L., Liang, J., Wang, T., Zhai, Y., Wang, Y., Liu, S., Liu, W., Luo, X., Wang, F., Sun, X. Intraocular VEGF deprivation induces degeneration and fibrogenic response in retina.

9.
J Chromatogr A ; : 460519, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521379

RESUMO

In this work, tetraalkylammonium amino acid ionic liquids (TAA-AAILs) were first applied to non-aqueous capillary electrophoresis (NACE) to establish synergistic systems with a conventional chiral selector, native ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD). Excellent enantioseparations of some dansyl-amino acid (Dns-AA) samples were achieved. A series of comparison experiments and a molecular docking study were performed to validate the synergistic effect of TAA-AAILs and ß-CD in NACE. Several interesting results were observed compared with previously reported chiral ILs-related aqueous CE studies. In particular, the direct enantioselectivity of TAA-AAILs was observed for the first time by using it as sole chiral selector in NACE. This was an encouraging finding because it was the first direct and convincing evidence that AAILs were able to participate in the enantiorecognition process in the conventional chiral selectors-based synergistic systems. The new TAA-AAILs synergistic NACE system was further optimized in terms of alkyl chain length, TAA-AAILs concentration, ß-CD concentration, electrolyte composition and applied voltage, etc. Best enantioseparations of Dns-AAs were obtained when 100 mM ß-CD and 10 mM tetramethylammonium-l-arginine (TMA-l-Arg) were added in an NMF buffer containing 50 mM Tris and 35 mM CA (apparent pH 7.85) under UV detection. The applied voltage was set at 30 kV. The method was then successfully employed for the determination of enantiomeric impurities of a real AA sample. This work proved that the use of chiral ILs as additives in NACE is a promising approach for enantioseparation.

10.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31512101

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early postoperative enteral nutrition is recommended for patients undergoing esophagectomy; however, the optimum method of tube feeding remains controversial. Thus, the aim of this study is to assess two common enteral nutrition methods after minimally invasive McKeown esophagectomy. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was performed with 120 patients who underwent minimally invasive McKeown esophagectomy from January 2017 to December 2018. The patients were randomly divided so that 58 patients were in the jejunostomy feeding (JF) group and 62 patients were in the nasogastric feeding (NF) group. The postoperative outcomes, including complications, nutritional status, quality of life, and survival rate, were studied and used as the main parameters to compare the abovementioned tube feeding methods. RESULTS: The incidence of overall complications was equivalent between the two groups (P = 0.625), except for bowel obstruction (which occurred 4 times in the JF group but did not occur in the NF group). In the first month after surgery (postoperative month 1, POM1), a significantly higher body mass index (BMI) was observed in the JF group (23.6 ± 3.2) than in the NF group (20.9 ± 3.5, P = 0.032). The global quality-of-life scores were better in the JF group than in the NF group (P < 0.001). In addition, there were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of disease-free survival (DFS) (P = 0.816) and overall survival (OS) (P = 0.564). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with NF, JF provides more safety, efficacy, and utility as nutritional support for minimally invasive McKeown esophagectomy patients who have a high incidence of anastomotic leakage. However, the higher risk of intestinal obstruction after JF requires attention.

11.
Inflammation ; 2019 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494795

RESUMO

Sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction (SIMD), lack of effective treatment, accounts for high mortality of sepsis. Mitochondrion-targeted antioxidant peptide SS31 has been revealed to be responsible for certain cardiovascular disease by ameliorating oxidative stress injury. But whether it protects a septic heart remains little known. This study sought to prove that SS31 was capable of improving sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction dramatically. C57BL/6 mice were intraperitoneally administered lipopolysaccharide (LPS), exposed to systemic inflammation. Thirty-five C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into four groups: sham group, LPS group (5 mg/kg), SS31 group (5 mg/kg), and SS31 + LPS group (treatment group). Heart tissues were harvested for pathological examination at the indicated time points. H9C2 cell were treated with LPS with or without the presence of SS31 (10 µM) at 37 °C to assess the effect on cardiomyocytes at the indicated time points. SS31 restored myocardial morphological damage and suppressed inflammatory response as evidenced by significantly decreasing the mRNA levels of IL-6, IL-1ß, and TNF-α in vitro and in vivo. In addition, myocardial energy deficiency secondary to sepsis was remarkedly ameliorated by SS31. Furthermore, we found that SS-31 normalized the activity of malondialdehyde, glutathione peroxidase, and superoxide dismutase in vitro and in vivo, and maintained mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) as well. And western blot was applied to measure the expressions of p-p38MAPK, p-JNK1/2, p-ERK, p62, and NF-κB p65; the results illuminated that the cardioprotective effect of SS31 was partly linked to NF-κB. In conclusion, SS31 therapy effectively protected the heart against LPS-induced cardiac damage.

12.
Cell Metab ; 30(3): 414-433, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484054

RESUMO

In 2009, it was postulated that endothelial cells (ECs) would only be able to execute the orders of growth factors if these cells would accordingly adapt their metabolism. Ten years later, it has become clear that ECs, often differently from other cell types, rely on distinct metabolic pathways to survive and form new blood vessels; that manipulation of EC metabolic pathways alone (even without changing angiogenic signaling) suffices to alter vessel sprouting; and that perturbations of these metabolic pathways can underlie excess formation of new blood vessels (angiogenesis) in cancer and ocular diseases. Initial proof of evidence has been provided that targeting (normalizing) these metabolic perturbations in diseased ECs and delivery of metabolites deserve increasing attention as novel therapeutic approaches for inhibiting or stimulating vessel growth in multiple disorders.

13.
Biosci Rep ; 39(9)2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31413168

RESUMO

The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is undisputedly well-studied as one of the oldest and most critical regulators for arterial blood pressure, fluid volume, as well as renal function. In recent studies, RAS has also been implicated in the development of obesity, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and other diseases, and also involved in the regulation of several signaling pathways such as proliferation, apoptosis and autophagy, and insulin resistance. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), an essential cellular energy sensor, has also been discovered to be involved in these diseases and cellular pathways. This would imply a connection between the RAS and AMPK. Therefore, this review serves to draw attention to the cross-talk between RAS and AMPK, then summering the most recent literature which highlights AMPK as a point of balance between physiological and pathological functions of the RAS.

14.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(9): 636, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432257

RESUMO

The preparation of an organic polymer monolithic column modified with an amino acid ionic liquid and graphene oxide (AAIL-GO) and its application to capillary electrochromatography (CEC) was described. The AAIL tetramethylammonium-L-arginine was bonded to a monolithic column that was previously modified with graphene oxide by using an hydrochloride/N-hydroxysuccinimide coupling reaction. The morphology of a poly(glycidyl methacrylate-co-ethylene dimethacrylate) monolith was examined by scanning electron microscopy. The incorporation of AAIL and graphene oxide was detected by infrared spectroscopy and elemental analysis. The resulting monolithic column produced a strong and stable electroosmotic flow from the anode to the cathode in the pH range from 3 to 9. Compared with a column modified with AAIL or graphene oxide only, the AAIL-GO-modified column has a better separation ability for amino acids, ß-blockers, and nucleotides (the resolution of three amino acids: 2.231 and 2.036, ß-blockers: 2.779 and 2.470 and nucleotides: 8.345 and 3.321). Molecular modeling was applied to demonstrate the separation mechanism of small molecules which showed a good support for experimental results. Graphical abstract Schematic representation of capillary electrochromatography (CEC) systems with an amino acid ionic liquid-graphene oxide modified organic polymer monolithic column as stationary phases for separation of amino acids, ß-blockers, and nucleotides.

15.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(9): 626, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418087

RESUMO

The published version of this article, unfortunately, contains error. The author found out that the given name interchanged with the family name. The second author's family name should be "Yu" and the first name should be "Tao". Given in this article is the correct author name.

16.
J Neurosci Res ; 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407399

RESUMO

The cAMP-dependent protein kinase A family (PKAs), protein kinase C family (PKCs), and Src family kinases (SFKs) are found to play important roles in pain hypersensitivity. However, more detailed investigations are still needed in order to understand the mechanisms underlying the actions of PKAs, PKCs, and SFKs. Neurons in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC) are found to be involved in the regulation of pain hypersensitivity. Here we report that the action potential (AP) firing activity of ARC neurons in culture was up-regulated by application of the adenylate cyclase activator forskolin or the PKC activator PMA, and that the forskolin or PMA application-induced up-regulation of AP firing activity could be blocked by pre-application of the SFK inhibitor PP2. SFK activation also up-regulated the AP firing activity and this effect could be prevented by pre-application of the inhibitors of PKCs, but not of PKAs. Furthermore, we identified that forskolin or PMA application caused increases in the phosphorylation not only in PKAs at T197 or PKCs at S660 and PKCα/ßII at T638/641, but also in SFKs at Y416. The forskolin or PMA application-induced increase in the phosphorylation of PKAs or PKCs was not affected by pre-treatment with PP2. The regulations of the SFK and AP firing activities by PKCs were independent upon the translocation of either PKCα or PKCßII. Thus, it is demonstrated that PKAs may act as an upstream factor(s) to enhance SFKs while PKCs and SFKs interact reciprocally, and thereby up-regulate the AP firing activity in hypothalamic ARC neurons.

17.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 13: 2413-2425, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409975

RESUMO

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is directly attributable to vision loss, posing significant pressure on public health. AMD is recognized to be a multi-factorial disease and among them, complement system is under heated discussion in recent years. In this review, we start with an overview of complement pathways involved in AMD and their therapies correspondingly. Finally, we discuss the development of the therapeutics existed now. Also, we enclose a list of drugs undergoing clinical trials.

18.
J Environ Manage ; 249: 109226, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442909

RESUMO

In this study, the effects of Rhodopseudomonas capsulata present in wastewater effluent on the biodegradation of carbaryl in soil and improvement of soil fertility were investigated. Compared to control treatment, carbaryl was removed efficiently and soil fertility was remediated with the addition of effluent containing R. capsulata. Molecular analysis revealed that carbaryl induced carbaryl hydrolase gene expression to synthesize carbaryl hydrolase through activating MAPKKKs, MAPKKs, MAPKs genes in MAPK signal transduction pathway. The induction and secretion of carbaryl hydrolase occur after one day in R. capsulata, which can be attributed to its characteristics as an ancient bacteria, which require acclimatization to carbaryl before gene induction. However, lack of organics in soil and control treatment could not maintain R. capsulata growth for over one day. The residual organics in the effluent provided sufficient carbon source and energy for R. capsulata under four effluent treatments. This new method resulted in the remediation of carbaryl pollution and improvement of soil fertility and soybean processing wastewater treatment simultaneously, as well as the reutilization of wastewater and R. capsulata as sludge. Meanwhile, the high-order non-linear mathematical model about carbaryl removal rate was established.


Assuntos
Rhodobacter capsulatus , Águas Residuárias , Biodegradação Ambiental , Carbaril , Solo
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31279678

RESUMO

This article has been withdrawn at the request of the author(s) and/or editor. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.

20.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(8): 583, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359150

RESUMO

Carbon dots (CDs) display tunable photoluminescence and excitation-wavelength dependent emission. The color of fluorescence is affected by electronic bandgap transitions of conjugated π-domains, surface defect states, local fluorophores and element doping. In this review (with 145 refs.), the studies performed in the past 5 years on the relationship between the fluorescence mechanism and modes for modulating the emission color of CDs are summarized. The applications of such CDs in sensors and assays are then outlined. A concluding section then gives an outlook and describes current challenges in the design of CDs with different emission colors. Graphical abstract Schematic representation of the relationship between the color-emitting (blue, green, yellow, red and multicolor) modulation of carbon dots and fluorescence mechanism including bandgap transitions of conjugated π-domains and surface defect states.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA