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1.
Environ Res ; 184: 109323, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32145552

RESUMO

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are perceived as serious pollutants due to their great threat to both environment and human health. Recovery and removal of VOCs is of great significance. Herein, novel MOF-199 derived porous carbon materials (MC-T-n) were prepared by using MOF-199 as precursor, glucose as additional carbon source and KOH as activator, and then characterized. Adsorption performance of MC-T-n materials for benzene vapor was investigated. Isotherms of MC-T-n samples towards benzene and water vapor were measured. The adsorption selectivities of benzene/water were estimated by DIH (difference of the isosteric heats) equation. Results indicated that BET surface area and pore volume of MC-T-n materials reached separately 2320 m2/g and 1.05 m3/g. Benzene adsorption capacity of MC-T-n materials reached as high as 12.8 mmol/g at 25 °C, outperforming MOF-199 and some conventional adsorbents. Moreover, MC-T-n materials presented type-V isotherms of water vapor, suggesting their excellent water resistance. The isosteric heats of benzene adsorption on MC-500-6 were much greater than that of water adsorption, leading to a preferential adsorption for C6H6 over H2O. The adsorption selectivity of C6H6/H2O on MC-500-6 reached up to 16.3 superior to some previously reported MOFs. Therefore, MC-500-6 was a promising candidate for VOC adsorption and seperation. This study provides a strong foundation for MOF derived porous carbons as adsorbents for VOC removal.

2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 567: 264-273, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062489

RESUMO

A flower ball-like histidine-functionalized graphene quantum dots/Ni-Co LDH (His-GQD/LDH) composite is synthesized via microwave method. The GQDs are uniformly interspersed on LDH surface and the radius of flower balls is approximately 200 nm. The synergistic effect of His-GQD and LDH can signally increase the specific surface areas and conductivity of the composite, thus endowing the composite high specific capacitance (1526 F g-1) and an admirable cycling stability (82.36% capacitance retention). Moreover, we have manufactured a supercapacitor employing His-GQD/LDH and active carbon (AC) as positive/negative electrodes. The device exhibits the maximum energy of 48.89 W h kg-1 at 0.80 kW kg-1, as well as prominent cycling stability (91.13% capacitance retention). This work provides a practicle experimental method of synthesizing hybridizing histidine-functionalized carbon derivatives with LDH by microwave synthesis. Meanwhile, we are optimistic to believe that the electrode material can be extensively applied for supercapacitor because of its splendid electrochemical properties and facile synthesis.

3.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(5): 542-551, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053571

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The eosinophilic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is known to be more sensitive to corticosteroid. The sputum microbiome has been shown to affect COPD prognosis, but its role in acute exacerbations of eosinophilic COPD is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the dynamic changes of the airway microbiome in patients with acute exacerbations of eosinophilic COPD. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients with acute exacerbations of COPD from the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University between June 2017 and June 2018 were divided into two groups. Patients with eosinophils ≥300 cells/µL in the peripheral venous blood were assigned to the eosinophilic group (Eos) and the rest to the non-eosinophilic group (Noneos). All patients received similar treatment including inhaled budesonide according to the guidelines. The induced sputum microbiome was analyzed on the 1st and 7th day of treatment using the 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) method. The levels of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 were measured in the plasma and the sensitivity to corticosteroids was determined in isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Quantitative data were compared between the two groups using the independent samples t test or Mann-Whitney U test. Categorical data were evaluated using Chi-squared test or Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: Twenty-six patients were classified into Eos group and 31 patients were classified into Noneos group. Prior to treatment, the alpha diversity (Shannon index) (2.65 ±â€Š0.63 vs. 2.56 ±â€Š0.54, t = 0.328, P = 0.747) and the structure of the sputum microbiome were similar in the Eos group and the Noneos group. After 7 days of treatment, alpha diversity increased in both groups, while the microbiome richness (Ace index) was significantly lower in the Eos group (561.87 ±â€Š109.13 vs. 767.88 ±â€Š148.48, t = -3.535, P = 0.002). At the same time, IL-6 (12.09 ±â€Š2.85 pg/mL vs. 15.54 ±â€Š2.45 pg/mL, t = -4.913, P < 0.001) and IL-8 (63.64 ±â€Š21.69 pg/mL vs. 78.97 ±â€Š17.13 pg/mL, t = -2.981, P = 0.004) decreased more significantly in the Eos group, and the percentages of inhibition of IL-8 at dexamethasone concentrations 10 to 10 mol/L were significantly higher in the Eos group than those in the Noneos group (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The induced sputum microbiome richness decreased more significantly following treatment in the Eos patients compared to the Noneos patients. The lower plasma inflammatory factor levels and the higher percentage of inhibition of IL-8 might be due to higher corticosteroid sensitivity in Eos patients.

4.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 153: 112045, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31989940

RESUMO

Ionic liquid composite electrodes have been widely utilized for the fabrication of electrochemical biosensors. However, the biosensing electrode modified with ionic conducting solids remains unexplored. Herein, we prepared a superionic conducting potassium ferrite (K2Fe4O7) under hydrothermal conditions for modifying glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The modified electrode (K2Fe4O7/GCE) showed an excellent electrocatalytic activity towards the oxidation of dopamine (DA). The oxidation peak currents increased linearly with increasing DA concentrations in the range of 1 µM-140 µM, and the detection limit is 0.22 µM (S/N = 3). The developed DA sensor exhibited not only good selectivity for the determination of DA without interfering from ascorbic acid (AA), uric acid (UA), glucose and inorganic ions, but also good reproducibility and stability. Furthermore, the sensor was applied to determine DA concentration in bovine serum and obtained a satisfied result. This study provides a new approach for developing electrochemical biosensors based on ionic conducting solid materials.

5.
Apoptosis ; 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31993850

RESUMO

Arterial media calcification is related to mitochondrial dysfunction. Protective mitophagy delays the progression of vascular calcification. We previously reported that lactate accelerates osteoblastic phenotype transition of VSMC through BNIP3-mediated mitophagy suppression. In this study, we investigated the specific links between lactate, mitochondrial homeostasis, and vascular calcification. Ex vivo, alizarin S red and von Kossa staining in addition to measurement of calcium content, RUNX2, and BMP-2 protein levels revealed that lactate accelerated arterial media calcification. We demonstrated that lactate induced mitochondrial fission and apoptosis in aortas, whereas mitophagy was suppressed. In VSMCs, lactate increased NR4A1 expression, leading to activation of DNA-PKcs and p53. Lactate induced Drp1 migration to the mitochondria and enhanced mitochondrial fission through NR4A1. Western blot analysis of LC3-II and p62 and mRFP-GFP-LC3 adenovirus detection showed that NR4A1 knockdown was involved in enhanced autophagy flux. Furthermore, NR4A1 inhibited BNIP3-related mitophagy, which was confirmed by TOMM20 and BNIP3 protein levels, and LC3-II co-localization with TOMM20. The excessive fission and deficient mitophagy damaged mitochondrial structure and impaired respiratory function, determined by mPTP opening rate, mitochondrial membrane potential, mitochondrial morphology under TEM, ATP production, and OCR, which was reversed by NR4A1 silencing. Mechanistically, lactate enhanced fission but halted mitophagy via activation of the NR4A1/DNA-PKcs/p53 pathway, evoking apoptosis, finally accelerating osteoblastic phenotype transition of VSMC and calcium deposition. This study suggests that the NR4A1/DNA-PKcs/p53 pathway is involved in the mechanism by which lactate accelerates vascular calcification, partly through excessive Drp-mediated mitochondrial fission and BNIP3-related mitophagy deficiency.

6.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 521(2): 318-325, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668812

RESUMO

The inflammatory hypothesis is one of the most important mechanisms of depression. Fucoidan is a bioactive sulfated polysaccharide abundant in brown seaweeds with anti-inflammatory activity. However, the antidepressant effects of fucoidan on chronic stress-induced depressive-like behaviors have not been well elucidated. Here, we used two different depressive-like mouse models, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and chronic restraint stress (CRS) models, to explore the detailed molecular mechanism underlying its antidepressant-like effects in C57BL/6J mice by combining multiple behavioral, molecular and immunofluorescence experiments. Adenovirus-mediated overexpression of caspase-1 and pharmacological inhibitors were also used to clarify the antidepressant mechanisms of fucoidan. We found that acute administration of fucoidan did not produce antidepressant effects in the tail suspension test (TST) and forced swim test (FST). Interestingly, chronic fucoidan administration not only dose-dependently reduced stress-induced depressive-like behaviors in the TST, FST, sucrose preference test (SPT), and novelty-suppressed feeding test (NSFT), but also alleviated the downregulation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-dependent synaptic plasticity via inhibiting caspase-1-mediated inflammation in the hippocampus of mice. Moreover, fucoidan significantly ameliorated behavioral and synaptic plasticity abnormalities in the overexpression of caspase-1 in the hippocampus of mice. Furthermore, blocking BDNF abolished the antidepressant-like effects of fucoidan in mice. Therefore, our findings clearly indicate that fucoidan provides a potential supplementary noninvasive treatment for depression by inhibition of hippocampal inflammation.

7.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 228: 117786, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740123

RESUMO

A dual-function probe NAHH based on naphthalene was synthesized and characterized. Based on the combination effects derived from the inhabitation of photo-induced electron transfer (PET) and CN isomerization, probe NAHH achieved in the recognition of Zn2+ and Al3+ both through obvious fluorescence enhancement and color changes detected by naked eye, respectively. Probe NAHH showed high sensitivity with the limit of detection as low as 3.02 × 10-7 M for Zn2+ and 7.55 × 10-8 M for Al3+, indicated the capability of probe NAHH in trace detection for Zn2+ and Al3+. The binding ratio of NAHH with Zn2+ and Al3+ were all 1:1 determined by Job plot, and the corresponding association constant was calculated as 8.48 × 104 M-1 and 4.45 × 105 M-1, respectively. The mechanism was further confirmed by FT-IR, 1H NMR titration and ESI-MS analysis. Furthermore, probe NAHH was successfully applied in logic gate construction and the detection of Zn2+ and Al3+ in Songhua River and test stripe. Fluorescence imaging experiments confirmed that NAHH could be used to monitor Zn2+ in plant root.

8.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; 60(4): 670-683, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30632770

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has become one of the most prevalent diseases on earth and several treatments have been developed. However, the current intervention approaches have not been as effective as expected. One promising supplementary strategy is the use of probiotics through direct or indirect approaches. Probiotics are microbial food cultures conferring health-promoting properties. In this review, we summarized the current theories and mechanisms of T2DM intervention using probiotics and hypothesize that probiotics intervene T2DM during its onsetting, developing, and complicating. For the first time, we comprehensively analyzed T2DM intervention in animal models using both wide-type probiotics in different forms and using recombinant probiotics. Then, probiotic intervention in T2DM patients was reviewed and the main results were compared with that obtained from animal studies. Finally yet importantly, remaining questions that are important such as in which form and in which state, as well as the future potential of probiotic intervention in T2DM were discussed from a perspective of food microbiologists. In conclusion, probiotic intervention in T2DM is promising but there are still many important issues unsolved yet. Critical review of the advances, questions, and potential of probiotic intervention in T2DM promotes the development of this approach for further application in humans.

9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(23)2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795136

RESUMO

An easily prepared benzothiazole-based probe (BHM) was prepared and characterized by general spectra, including 1H NMR, 13C NMR, HRMS, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Based on the synergistic mechanism of the inhabitation of intramolecular charge transfer (ICT), the BHM displayed high selectivity and sensitivity for Al3+ in DMF/H2O (v/v, 1/1) through an obvious blue-shift in the fluorescent spectrum and significant color change detected by the naked eye, respectively. The binding ratio of BHM with Al3+ was 1:1, as determined by the Job plot, and the binding details were investigated using FT-IR, 1H NMR titration, and ESI-MS analysis. Furthermore, the BHM was successfully applied in the detection of Al3+ in the Songhua River and on a test stripe. Fluorescence imaging experiments confirmed that the BHM could be used to monitor Al3+ in human stromal cells (HSC).

10.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 2019 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770582

RESUMO

Corticosteroid insensitivity is a feature of airway inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Erythromycin exhibits anti-inflammatory activity in COPD, but the concrete mechanism is still unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effects of erythromycin on corticosteroid sensitivity in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and U937 cells (a human monocytic cell line). PBMCs were collected from non-smokers, healthy smoker volunteers, and COPD subjects. U937 cells were incubated with or without erythromycin and stimulated with TNF-α in the presence or absence of cigarette smoke extract (CSE). The dexamethasone (Dex) concentration required to achieve 50% inhibition of TNF-α-induced interleukin (IL)-8 production was determined and the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/Activator protein-1 (AP-1) pathway was also evaluated. Erythromycin improved corticosteroid sensitivity in PBMCs obtained from COPD patients and CSE-treated U937 cells. This improvement in corticosteroid sensitivity was associated with reduced c-Jun expression, which resulted from the inhibition of P38 Mitogen-activated protein kinase (P38MAPK), extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK)1/2, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) phosphorylation. Erythromycin had no effects on the phosphorylated and total protein expression levels of P38MAPK and ERK; however, it induced inhibition of the phosphorylated and total protein expression levels of JNK. This study provides evidence that erythromycin restores corticosteroid sensitivity in PBMCs and U937 cells. JNK inhibition by erythromycin restores corticosteroid sensitivity via the inhibition of c-Jun expression. Thus, JNK/c-Jun is a potential novel therapeutic target for COPD.

11.
Front Chem ; 7: 652, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612128

RESUMO

New hierarchical Fe(III)-doped Cu-MOFs (Fe-HK) were developed via introduction of Fe3+ ions during HKUST-1 synthesis. The obtained products were characterized by N2 adsorption, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, FTIR spectroscopy, and thermal analysis. The adsorption isotherms and kinetics of benzene vapor were measured and consecutive adsorption-desorption cycles were performed. It was found that the hierarchical-pore Fe-HK-2 exhibited optimal textural properties with high BET surface area of 1,707 m2/g and total pore volume of 0.93 cm3/g, which were higher than those of the unmodified HKUST-1. Significantly, the hierarchical-pore Fe-HK-2 possessed outstanding benzene adsorption capacity, which was 1.5 times greater than the value on HKUST-1. Benzene diffusivity of Fe-HK-2 was 1.7 times faster than that of parent HKUST-1. Furthermore, the benzene adsorption on Fe-HK-2 was highly reversible. The hierarchical-pore Fe-HK-2 with high porosity, outstanding adsorption capacity, enhanced diffusion rate, and excellent reversibility might be an attractive candidate for VOCs adsorption. This may offer a simple and effective strategy to synthesize hierarchical-pore MOFs by doping with other metal ions.

12.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 118: 109380, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Corticosteroid is one of the main treatments for interstitial lung disease (ILD). Cryptogenic-organizing pneumonia (COP) is sensitive to corticosteroid therapy, whereas idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is not. Glucocorticoid receptor-α (GR-α) and histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) play critical roles in the sensitivity to corticosteroid therapy; however, it is unclear whether HDAC2 and/or GR-α are expressed in the lung tissues of patients with COP and/or IPF. Possible aberrant expressions of HDAC2 and GR-α in IPF and COP were investigated in the current study. METHODS: Lung tissue samples were obtained from patients with COP (n = 9), IPF (n = 8), pulmonary abscesses (n = 7), or pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumors (n = 6) before corticosteroid treatment, as well as from control subjects (n = 10). The expression of GR-α, HDAC2, PI3K-δ, and NF-κBp65 in the samples was assessed by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: GR-α expression was the same in lung tissues from COP patients and control subjects, but was significantly lower in lung tissue from IPF. In addition, HDAC2 was significantly higher in lung tissues of COP patients compared to both IPF and control subjects. Furthermore, the transcription factor NF-κBp65 was significantly lower in lung tissues from both COP and control compared to IPF subjects, whereas there was no difference in NF-κBp65 when comparing tissues from COP patients to controls. HDAC2 and GR-α were negatively correlated with NF-κBp65 in COP lung tissue. CONCLUSION: HDAC2 and GR-α expression in lung tissues are potential biomarkers for predicting corticosteroid sensitivity when initially treating COP and IPF, as well as other forms of ILD.


Assuntos
Histona Desacetilase 2/metabolismo , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/metabolismo , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/metabolismo , Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia em Organização Criptogênica/complicações , Pneumonia em Organização Criptogênica/patologia , Pneumonia em Organização Criptogênica/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição RelA/metabolismo
13.
Front Chem ; 7: 549, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31428604

RESUMO

A novel Al3+ chemosensor NPA was designed and synthesized on basis of the mechanism of ICT and CHEF. Upon addition of Al3+, the probe NPA displayed a bright green fluorescence under UV radiation and visual color change from yellow to colorless. Spectrum titrations showed that NPA could be recognized as a fluorescent turn-on probe with 10-8 M detection level. The probe was successfully applied in real water sample and test paper. More important, NPA-Al3+ complex were used as a fluorescent turn-off probe for the detection of ClO- with the detection as low as 2.34 × 10-8 M. The performance of NPA to Al3+ and NPA-Al3+ complex to ClO- demonstrated that NPA could be served as a sensitive probe and exhibit INHIBIT logic gate behavior with Al3+ and ClO- as inputs.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31265863

RESUMO

Glutamatergic dysregulation has served as one common pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD) and a promising target for treatment intervention. Previous studies implicate neurotransmission via metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) and Homer1 in stress-induced anhedonia, but the mechanisms have not been well elucidated. In the present study, we used two different animal models of depression, chronic social defeat stress (CSDS) and chronic restraint stress (CRS), to investigate the expression of Homer1 isoforms and functional interaction with mGluRs. We found that chronic stress selectively upregulated the expression of Homer1b/c in the hippocampus, whereas the level of Homer1a was unchanged. Additionally, there was a significant negative correlation between the levels of Homer1-mGluR5 signaling and depressive-like behaviors. Both application of paired-pulse low-frequency stimulation (PP-LFS) and the selective group 1 mGluRs agonist (RS)-3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG) significantly enhanced mGluR-dependent long-term depression (LTD) at CA3-CA1 pyramidal cell synapses in slices from susceptible mice, whereas there was no change in NMDAR-dependent LTD induced by LFS. Furthermore, these effects were associated with the internalization of surface AMPARs in hippocampal pyramidal neurons, including reduced the expression of AMPARs and amplitude of AMPARs-mediated mEPSC. Finally, we found that chronic stress activated the KR-like ER kinase-eukaryotic initiation factor 2α (PERK-eIF2α) signaling pathway, subsequently phosphorylated cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) at the S129 and reduced the BDNF level, eventually leading to the impairment of synaptic transmission and depressive-like behaviors. Therefore, our study suggests that PERK-eIF2α acts as a critical target downstream of Homer1-mGluR5 complex to mediate chronic stress-induced depressive-like behaviors, and highlights them as a potential target for the treatment of mood disorder.

15.
J Fluoresc ; 29(3): 577-586, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30937611

RESUMO

A novel naphthalene based fluorescence probe NBDH was designed and synthesized. Probe NBDH exhibited highly selective and sensitive responses towards Al3+ in HEPES-NaOH buffer solution (pH = 7.4). In addition, the detection of NBDH to Al3+ could be achieved through dual channels embodied in significant fluorescent turn-on signal and ratiometric absorbance response. The stoichiometry ratio of NBDH-Al3+ was 1:1 by fluorescence job' plot and binging mechanism was further varified by the FT-IR, NMR titration and HRMS. Furthermore, NBDH was achieved in real sample detection, and a series of color test paper were developed for visual detecting Al3+ ions.

17.
Inorg Chem ; 58(7): 4394-4398, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30869877

RESUMO

A new proton-conducting material (C6H14N2)[NiV2O6H8(P2O7)2]·2H2O (1) was hydrothermally synthesized by using 1,4-diazabicyclo[2,2,2]octane (DABCO) as the template. Its inorganic framework, determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction, is constructed by the connection of V/NiO6 octahedral to P2O7 pyrophosphate units through sharing oxygen atoms, giving rise to three-dimensional (3D) intersecting 6-, 8-, and 12-ring channels along the [100], [010], and [001] directions, respectively, in which there are ordered protonated DABCO cations balancing negative charge of the framework and disordered water molecules. Complex impedance measurements on polycrystalline samples gave proton conductivities of 4.9 × 10-3 and 2.0 × 10-2 S cm-1 at 25 and 60 °C under high humidity conditions, respectively. The activation energy is 0.38 eV.

18.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 10(1): 97, 2019 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30876443

RESUMO

The original article [1] was submitted and published without co-author Hong Chen's permission.

19.
Mol Med Rep ; 19(5): 3841-3847, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30816538

RESUMO

Angiogenesis serves a key role in tumor growth and metastasis. VX­680, a potent inhibitor targeting the Aurora kinase family, is widely used in the inhibition of tumor progression. However, the effect of VX­680 on angiogenesis remains unknown. The present study identified that VX­680 inhibited human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) proliferation and promoted HUVEC apoptosis by inducing the cleavage of PARP and caspase­3. VX­680 also markedly decreased the migration and tube formation of HUVECs in a dose­dependent manner. In addition, VX­680 significantly suppressed the formation of blood vessels in a dose­dependent manner confirmed by a chicken embryo chorioallantoic membrane assay in vivo. Furthermore, VX­680 inhibited the expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor and phosphorylated RAC­α serine/threonine­protein kinase in HUVECs. These results suggested that VX­680 suppressed angiogenesis and may be a potential novel anti­angiogenic agent.


Assuntos
Aurora Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Membrana Corioalantoide/irrigação sanguínea , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Neovascularização Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Piperazinas/farmacologia , Inibidores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Embrião de Galinha , Membrana Corioalantoide/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos
20.
Curr Drug Metab ; 20(4): 301-304, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30827233

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a systematic inflammatory disease, and smoking is an important risk factor for COPD. Macrolide can reduce COPD inflammation. However, the inflammatory mechanism of COPD remains unclear and the anti-inflammatory mechanism of Macrolide is complex and not exactly known. METHODS: We read and analysed thirty-eight articles, including original articles and reviews. RESULTS: The expression of Nrf2 was lower in COPD patients and might have a protective role against apoptosis caused by CSE-induced oxidative stress. Nrf2 may play an important role in COPD inflammation. Nrf2 is a key factor in downstream of PI3K/Akt and is involved in the regulation of oxidative stress and inflammatory response. Therefore, PI3K/Akt pathway may play an important role in the activation of Nrf2 and COPD inflammation. Macrolide reduces lung and systemic inflammation of COPD by regulating PI3K/Akt pathway. CONCLUSION: This review indicates that PI3K/Ak-Nrf2 may play an important role in COPD inflammation and macrolides may reduce lung and systemic inflammation of COPD by regulating PI3K/Akt-Nrf2 pathway. However, many crucial and essential questions remain to be answered. Further understanding of the mechanisms of macrolide efficacy and PI3K/Akt-Nrf2-mediated inflammatory responses may provide a new clue for exploring COPD treatment in the future.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Macrolídeos/uso terapêutico , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Macrolídeos/administração & dosagem , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/metabolismo
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