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1.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(11): 1102-1107, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775720

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the current status of clinical treatment and factors influencing postoperative mortality in infants with critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) in China, optimize the perioperative management of CCHD, and provide a new scientific basis for clinical decision-making for the optimal management of these patients. Methods: This is a retrospective single-center study. Infants diagnosed with CCHD in Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital from January 2017 to December 2019 (aged 0-1 years at admission) were enrolled. General clinical information, inpatient treatment information, prognosis and complications were collected and analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to explore the independent risk factors of postoperative death in infants with CCHD. Results: A total of 826 infants with CCHD were included, including 556 males (67.3%) and the age at first admission was 51.0 (5.0,178.3) days. 264 (32.0%) cases were tetralogy of Fallot and 137 (16.6%) cases were total anomalous pulmonary venous return. 195 cases (23.6%) were diagnosed prenatally. 196 cases (23.7%) were treated with prostaglandin. The preoperative invasive ventilation time was 0 (0, 0) hour, and the postoperative invasive ventilation time was 95.0 (26.0, 151.8) hours. A total of 668 cases (80.9%) underwent surgical treatment. The age was 100.5 (20.0, 218.0) days during operation and the operation time was 190.0 (155.0, 240.0) hours. Sixty-two cases (7.5%) received medical treatment, and 96 cases (11.6%) gave up treatment. A total of 675 cases (81.7%) were discharged with improvement, 96 cases (11.6%) were discharged after giving up treatment, 55 cases (6.7%) died and 109 cases (13.2%) were readmitted within one year. Complications occurred in 565 (68.6%) cases, including pneumonia in 334 cases (40.4%) and cardiac arrhythmias in 182 cases (22.0%). Multifactorial analysis showed that delayed chest closure (OR=49.775, 95%CI 3.291-752.922, P=0.005), prolonged post-operative invasive ventilator ventilation (OR=1.003, 95%CI 1.000-1.005, P=0.038) and cardiac hypoplasia syndrome (OR=272.658, 95%CI 37.861-1 963.589, P<0.001) were the independent risk factors for mortality in CCHD infants post-operation. Conclusions: Tetralogy of Fallot and total anomalous pulmonary venous return account for the majority of infants with CCHD. The proportion of infants diagnosed prenatally was less than 1/4. The majority CCHD infants received surgical treatment. The main complications are pneumonia and arrhythmia. Delayed chest closure, prolonged postoperative invasive ventilator ventilation and low cardiac output syndrome are the independent risk factors for postoperative death in infants with CCHD.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas , China/epidemiologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/terapia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
2.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(7): 1286-1291, 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814545

RESUMO

To summarize the development and application of tree-based scan statistic (TreeScan), explain the methodology and provide a reference for future use of this method by reviewing the original pharmacoepidemiological and vaccine studies using the TreeScan. Medline, Embase and Web of Science databases were used for the retrieval of eligible studies using keywords related to TreeScan. A total of 15 eligible studies were included, in which 9 studies explored the adverse events of drugs and 6 studies focused on the safety of vaccines. Three types of models (Poisson probability model, Bernoulli probability model and tree-temporal scan statistic model) of TreeScan were used. The major differences among the three models were 1) whether predefined control was used according to research question, 2) whether the time from exposure to onset of adverse events was considered. Several studies explored its ability by comparing with other methods for adverse event detection or by using known adverse events. This review shows that TreeScan is an effective method for the safety signal detection of drugs or vaccines, which develops rapidly and globally. It is very necessary to promote its use in drug safety monitoring and other related fields in China.


Assuntos
Preparações Farmacêuticas , Vacinas , Mineração de Dados , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Farmacoepidemiologia , Vacinas/efeitos adversos
3.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 44(8): 717-722, 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645138

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationship between clinical characteristics of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with pulmonary hypertension (PH) and COPD exacerbation over a three-year observation period. Methods: A total of 366 cases of stable COPD patients were enrolled from the Department of Respiratory Medicine of the First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Science and Technology. The patients underwent pulmonary function tests(PFT), COPD assessment test (CAT), Saint George's respiratory questionnaire (SGRQ), transthoracic echocardiogrophy(TTE), chest CT and biochemical detection. The likelihood of PH was evaluated based on the peak tricuspid regurgitation velocity (TRV) measured by echocardiography at rest and other indicators, which were represented by low, medium, and high probability, respectively. Highly probability was defined as PH. The mean values of the groups were compared using a two-tailed unpaired t test for normally distributed variables. Qualitative data were assessed using a χ2 test. Pearson correlation analysis was performed, and risk factors were analyzed using logistic regression analysis and stepwise regression analysis. P<0.05 was considered to indicate statistical significance. Results: The prevalence of patients with high likelihood of PH was 18.3% (n=67) in a series of 366 patients with COPD. The median estimated systolic pulmonary artery pressure in patients with PH was (51.7±6.7) mmHg(1mmHg=0.133 kPa). There were differences between patients with high likelihood of PH and those with low to moderate likelihood of PH for the following factors: age (76.0 vs. 64.0), body mass index (BMI) [(21.4±6.0) kg/m2 vs. (22.6±7.2)kg/m2], brain natriureticpeptide (BNP) [(50.8±9.1) pg/ml vs. (36.4±8.1) pg/ml], toral number of acute exacerbation in three-year [(6.1±0.1) times vs. (2.8±0.4) times], CAT (17.0 vs. 10.0), SGRQ (48.9 vs. 32.1), carbon monoxide diffusion percentage of predicted value (DLCO%) [(51.9±21.9)% vs. (67.0±22.1)%]; all the differences being statistically significant(mean P<0.05).There was a negative correlation between DLCO% and SPAP (r=-0.28, P<0.01).In patients with high likelihood of PH, the percentage of low attenuation area (LAA%) and interstitial abnormalities in chest CT were higher than those in patients with low to moderate likelihood of PH (56.1% vs. 34.3% and 30.8% vs. 15.6%, mean P<0.05).LAA% ≥ 30% and pulmonary interstitial abnormalities were independent risk factors for pH [beta value were 1.479, 1.065, OR value was (3.640-5.720), 95%CI (1.462-8.571), mean P<0.01]. The ratio of main pulmonary diameter to aortic artery diameter was significantly correlated with estimated systolic pulmonary artery pressure(r=-0.35, P<0.01).Age ≥75 years, FEV1%predicted value<50% and the presence of PH increased the likelihood of exacerbations of COPD over three years[beta value (0.459-1.211), OR value (3.643-5.722), 95%CI (1.463-8.904), mean P<0.01]. Conclusions: COPD patients with high likelihood of PH assessed by echocardiography were older, had a lower BMI, and presented with a worse health status compared to those with low to moderate likelihood of PH. The presence of PH assessed by echocardiography was related to future COPD exacerbations in COPD patients, and emphysema was closely related to PH assessed by echocardiography.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertensão Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Pulmão , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Testes de Função Respiratória
5.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(8): 1325-1329, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404154

RESUMO

With the rapid development of Internet technology and the continuous advancement of medical informatization, big data in healthcare has gradually become an important resource to innovate health management and meet the growing health needs of people and the application of big data in healthcare has been one of the indispensable parts of national big data strategy in China. Based on the established healthcare big data platform and the application of big data technology, Yinzhou district has made innovative efforts to explore a new model driven by big data for the prevention and control of communicable and non-communicable diseases and the management of vaccination programs. It is expected that the "Internet plus healthcare" model will strengthen the disease prevention and control and public health management in local area, create a new business form and provide strong support for Healthy China 2030. This article introduces this new model driven by big data in Yinzhou and discusses the preliminary efficiency of this model in public health practice.

6.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(2): 351-356, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33626627

RESUMO

Post-marketing vaccine safety surveillance, including both passive and active surveillances, aims to detect and alert to signals of adverse events following immunization (AEFI), and to further ensure public safety and public confidence in vaccination. Active surveillance could proactively seek information of AEFI and timely investigate the potential safety signals, therefore, it has become the main development trend of post-marketing surveillance worldwide. Nowadays, there is an ongoing interest in developing active surveillance systems that can incorporate and use existing electronic data such as administrative claims and electronic health records. Researchers have also began exploring ways of accruing data closer to "real-time" in order to speed the recognition of potential safety problems.This near real-time vaccine safety surveillance is gradually emerging worldwide. This study reviews the development and methodology of near real-time surveillance and aims to accelerate the foundation of the active surveillance system for vaccine safety in China.


Assuntos
Vigilância de Produtos Comercializados , Vacinas , China , Humanos , Vacinas/efeitos adversos
7.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(1): 41-47, 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33412641

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the clinical safety and efficacy of A1-UV aspheric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation over the postoperative 5 years. Methods: Prospective cohort study. The subjects came from a finished multicenter, randomized and controlled clinical trial with a follow-up period of 1 year from April to November 2012. The clinical research centers were Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Peking University Third Hospital, Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital, and Daping Hospital of Army Medical University. Cataract patients in the experimental group were implanted with A1-UV type IOL, while cataract patients in the control group were implanted with SN60WF type IOL, and monocular patients were enrolled. From April to May 2018, patients enrolled in the previous study were recalled for follow-up and continued observation. The visual acuity, spherical equivalent, postoperative complications, non-contact intraocular pressure and subjective evaluation results were statistically analyzed preoperatively, at 1 to 2 days, 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year and 5 years after operation. The main statistical methods included Mann Whitney U test, Wilcoxon signed rank test, independent sample t test, chi square test and Fisher exact test. Results: A total of 42 subjects (22 in the experimental group and 20 in the control group) completed 5-year continuous observation. Among the 42 subjects, 28 were female and 14 were male. The age was (70±9) years, and the time from surgery to recall was (5.77±0.19) years. The age, gender distribution, left/right eye distribution, axial length, IOL power and nucleus hardness classification data of the experimental group and the control group were balanced and comparable (all P>0.05). At different visiting time points, there was no significant difference in the best corrected distance visual acuity (BCDVA), best corrected near visual acuity (BCNVA), uncorrected distance visual acuity (UCDVA) and uncorrected near visual acuity (UCNVA) between the groups (all P>0.05). At 5 years after operation, the UCDVA, BCDVA and BCNVA of the two groups were significantly improved compared with the baseline [all P<0.01; UCDVA was improved from 0.75 (0.30 to 1.30) to 0.10 (-0.10 to 0.70) in the experimental group and from 0.75 (0.30 to 1.60) to 0.20 (-0.10 to 0.80) in the control group; BCDVA was from 0.60 (0.10 to 1.00) to 0.00 (-0.10 to 0.54) in the experimental group and from 0.60 (0.10 to 1.60) to 0.10 (-0.10 to 0.50) in the control group; BCNVA was from 0.55 (0.00 to 1.10) to 0.10 (-0.10 to 0.60) in the experimental group and from 0.55 (0.10 to 1.60) to 0.10 (-0.20 to 0.60) in the control group], but there was no significant change in the UCNVA (both P>0.05). There were no significant differences in the spherical equivalent, intraocular pressure, subjective evaluation of visual adverse symptoms, distance vision spectacle independence and comprehensive evaluation of satisfaction between the groups (all P>0.05). In the experimental group, one eye (4.5%) had an abnormal pupil, one eye (4.5%) had an abnormal IOL with a few particles on the surface of the IOL but no glistening, and 3 eyes (13.6%) had posterior capsular opacification (PCO); in the control group, one eye (5.0%) had an abnormal cornea, five eyes (25.0%) had abnormal IOLs [one eye (5.0%) had IOL calcification, and four eyes (20.0%) had IOL glistening], and one eye (5.0%) had PCO with posterior capsular folds and IOL tilt. There was no significant difference in PCO and IOL abnormality between the two groups (both P>0.05), but there was significant difference in the occurrence of IOL glistening (P=0.04). Conclusion: The long-term effect of A1-UV aspheric IOL on improving the UCDVA is stable and good, with high subjective satisfaction of patients, a low incidence of PCO, no glistening and good biocompatibility, over the postoperative 5 years. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57: 41-47).


Assuntos
Opacificação da Cápsula , Implante de Lente Intraocular , Lentes Intraoculares , Facoemulsificação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Acuidade Visual
8.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(40): 3141-3146, 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142395

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the effect of myotomy and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) to treat symptomatic myocardial bridges (MBs) of the left anterior descending artery (LAD). Methods: From January 2009 to December 2017, a total of 54 eligible patients [34 males, 20 females, with a median age of 60 (51, 64) years old] with symptomatic MBs of LAD who underwent myotomy (31 patients) or CABG (23 patients) at the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery of Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University were included in the study. Surgical effect of the two groups were compared and multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the risk factors of major adverse cardiac events (MACE). Results: No significant differences between the two groups were observed with respect to age, gender, risk factors of coronary artery disease (CAD), symptoms, angiographic findings of MBs and preoperative cardiac status, and 0 surgery-associated death was observed. Among the 31 myotomy patients, 4 patients underwent off-pump myotomy (including one patient who underwent urgent conversion from off-pump to on-pump surgery due to massive hemorrhaging secondary to the right ventricular perforation), and the remaining 27 cases received myotomy under cardiopulmonary bypass with cardiac arrest. All 23 bypass surgery patients underwent off-pump CABG surgery with in situ left internal mammary artery (LIMA) grafting to the distal LAD. After LIMA grafting, the median graft flow was 14 (11, 20) ml/min. During a median follow-up of 26 months, 11 patients developed MACEs (7.4% for myotomy vs 40.9% for bypass surgery, P=0.007). Surgical strategy (CABG surgery vs myotomy) was an independent risk factor for MACE (OR=3.681, 95% CI: 1.812-8.685, P=0.011). Compared with myotomy, CABG surgery had a significantly higher incidence of adverse angiographic results (3.7% of residual compression vs 40.9% of LIMA graft failure, P=0.003). Among 10 CABG surgery patients with LAD-MBs and proximal coronary obstruction, all LIMA grafts were patent, though one case reported recurrent angina pectoris 2 years after the surgery which was relieved after drug therapy. Conclusions: For patients with symtomatic LAD-MBs, myotomy may be associated with favorable mid-term outcomes and angiographic results. However, CABG surgery should be recommended for those with concomitant proximal obstruction of LAD.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Artéria Torácica Interna , Miotomia , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(11): 1078-1082, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33238693

RESUMO

As a stressor, burn not only causes physical damage to the patient, but also causes depression and anxiety, which is not conducive to the rehabilitation and restoration of normal life of the patient. The results of studies on the incidence of depression and anxiety disorders in burn patients are different, and the possible pathogenesis remains to be studied. Whether the screening scales of depression and anxiety disorders that are suitable for the general population are equally suitable for burn patients remains questionable. The efficacy of non-pharmaceutical therapy for depression and anxiety disorders in burn patients remains to be studied. This article reviews the possible pathogenesis of depression and anxiety disorders in burn patients, the commonly used screening scales, and the progress of non-pharmaceutical therapy in recent years, aiming to provide a reference for accurately assessing depression and anxiety disorders in burn patients.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Depressão , Ansiedade , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/etiologia , Queimaduras/complicações , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Humanos
10.
Med Hypotheses ; 145: 110294, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032172

RESUMO

In recent decades, with the rapid development of dental implant technology, dental implants have been widely used in clinical practice. Various complications, including a lack of osseointegration, may occur after dental implantation. However, the occurrence of osteointegration failure after dental implantation is often complicated and unpredictable, and existing treatment methods cannot reverse osteointegration failure to achieve the optimum condition. A noninvasive, easy-to-operate, low-cost, fast-acting mechanotherapy is expected to solve this problem. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) is widely used to treat delayed healing, bone nonunion fractures, femoral head necrosis and other orthopedic diseases and plays a significant role in promoting bone regeneration. Studies have shown that ESWT can promote bone formation and osseointegration of titanium devices in vivo. In previous experiments, ESWT was found to regulate the activity of inflammatory cells, osteoblasts and mesenchymal stem cells. Studies have also mentioned the role of ESWT in promoting angiogenesis and bactericidal activity. Therefore, our hypothesis is that extracorporeal shock wave therapy can facilitate the realization of osteointegration by regulating the immune response, inducing regeneration of the jaw and alveolar bone, and promoting angiogenesis and bactericidal efficacy.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Tratamento por Ondas de Choque Extracorpóreas , Fraturas não Consolidadas , Regeneração Óssea , Fraturas não Consolidadas/terapia , Humanos , Osseointegração
11.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(8): 1220-1224, 2020 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867427

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 monitoring cases in Yinzhou district based on health big data platform to provide evidence for the construction of COVID-19 monitoring system. Methods: Data on Yinzhou COVID-19 daily surveillance were collected. Information on patients' population classification, epidemiological history, COVID-19 nucleic acid detection rate, positive detection rate and confirmed cases monitoring detection rate were analyzed. Results: Among the 1 595 COVID-19 monitoring cases, 79.94% were community population and 20.06% were key population. The verification rate of monitoring cases was 100.00%. The total percentage of epidemiological history related to Wuhan city or Hubei province was 6.27% in total, and was 2.12% in community population and 22.81% in key population (P<0.001). The total COVID-19 nucleic acid detection rate was 18.24% (291/1 595), and 53.00% in those with epidemiological history and 15.92% in those without (P<0.001).The total positive detection rate was 1.72% (5/291) and the confirmed cases monitoring detection rate was 0.31% (5/1 595). The time interval from the first visit to the first nucleic acid detection of the confirmed monitoring cases and other confirmed cases was statistically insignificant (P>0.05). Conclusions: The monitoring system of COVID-19 based on the health big data platform was working well but the confirmed cases monitoring detection rate need to be improved.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Big Data , COVID-19 , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Pandemias , Vigilância da População , RNA Viral/genética , RNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , SARS-CoV-2
12.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(8): 665-669, 2020 Aug 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727178

RESUMO

Objectives: To describe the clinical features and prognosis of pulmonary actinomycosis in a tertiary Chinese hospital. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 32 patients diagnosed with pulmonary actinomycosis between January 2013 and December 2019. General characteristics, clinical manifestations, lab data, chest CT imaging, treatment and follow-up information were reviewed and analyzed. Results: This study consisted of 19 males and 13 females, with a mean age of (58±12) years, ranging from 16 to 76 years. There were 26 cases with co-morbidities. Among them, there were 16 cases with pulmonary co-morbidity. Sixteen cases had a smoking history. Eight cases, 5 men and 3 women, with a mean age of (48±8) years, ranging from 41 to 58 years, received thoracic surgery for diagnosis. The remaining 24 cases who did not receive thoracic surgery consisted of 14 males and 8 females, with a mean age of (54±14)years, ranging from 16 to 76 years. Cough (25cases), expectoration (21 cases) and fever (16 cases) were the common clinical manifestations. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) ranged from 2 to 114 mm/1 h, with a mean value of (28±31) mm/1 h. The ESR was elevated (>20 mm/1 h) in 15 cases. The C-reactive protein (CRP) ranged from 1 to 116 mg/L, with a mean value of (28±45) mg/L. The CRP was elevated (>8 mg/L) in 16 cases. Localized air-space consolidation (18 cases), pulmonary mass or nodules (16 cases) were the common chest CT manifestations. When compared with non-surgical cases, fever was the sole characteristic that was less common in cases with thoracic surgery (1 case in surgical group vs 11 cases in non-surgical group, P<0.05). Actinomyces spp. was found in 7 cases (87.5%) who received thoracic surgery, in 16 (61.5%) specimens collected through bronchoscopy and in 10 (55.6%) sputum samples of good quality. All of our enrolled cases were administrated with oral antibiotics, and 14 cases were prescribed with intravenous antibiotics initially. Among them, 27 cases were administrated with more than one antibiotic. Penicillin, ampicillin and amoxillin were prescribed for 25 cases. Finally, 30 cases showed improvement or cure in our hospital. Conclusions: Pulmonary actinomycosis tended to develop in aged patients with co-morbidities. Cough, expectoration, fever and localized air-space consolidation were the common clinical and radiological manifestations, respectively. Actinomyces spp. could be found more easily in the surgically resected tissues than other specimens. The prognosis of our enrolled cases was good after treatment with combined antibiotics.


Assuntos
Actinomicose , Pneumopatias , Actinomyces , Actinomicose/diagnóstico , Actinomicose/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Broncoscopia , Tosse/etiologia , Feminino , Febre/etiologia , Humanos , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico , Pneumopatias/microbiologia , Pneumopatias/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(10): 1611-1615, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32654429

RESUMO

During the prevention and control of the COVID-19 epidemic, identifying and controlling the source of infection has become one of the most important prevention and control measures to curb the epidemic in the absence of vaccines and specific therapeutic drugs. While actively taking traditional and comprehensive "early detection" measures, Yinzhou district implemented inter-departmental data sharing through the joint prevention and control mechanism. Relying on a healthcare big data platform that integrates the data from medical, disease control and non-health sectors, Yinzhou district innovatively explored the big data-driven COVID-19 case finding pattern with online suspected case screening and offline verification and disposal. Such effort has laid a solid foundation and gathered experience to conduct the dynamic and continuous surveillance and early warning for infectious disease outbreaks more effectively and efficiently in the future. This article introduces the exploration of this pattern in Yinzhou district and discusses the role of big data-driven disease surveillance in the prevention and control of infectious diseases.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Big Data , China , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(2): 320-326, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33879905

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the diagnostic accuracy of Xpert® Mycobacterium tuberculosis/rifampicin (Xpert® MTB/RIF) for the detection of active tuberculosis (TB) and rifampicin-resistance TB in Chinese patients. METHODS: Four Chinese databases (SinoMed, CNKI, WanFang database, and VIP) and three English databases (PubMed, Embase, and The Cochrane Library) were searched from January 1, 2000 to September 15, 2017, to identify diagnostic tests about the accuracy of Xpert® MTB/RIF in Chinese patients. Two investigators screened the articles and extracted the information independently, and then the quality of each included study was evaluated by Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (QUADAS)-2. Bivariate random-effects meta-analysis was conducted to pool the sensitivity and specificity. In addition, subgroup analyses were performed based on patient type (TB patient and TB suspected patient), sample type (sputum, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and others). All statistical analyses were conducted with Stata version 13.0. RESULTS: A total of 47 articles were included in this systematic review. Most of them (38 articles) were in Chinese and only 9 articles were in English. All the articles were published during 2014 to 2017, and the sample size ranged from 31 to 3 151. Forty articles including 42 comparisons about TB were finally included with the pooled sensitivity of 0.94 (95%CI: 0.92, 0.95) and the pooled specificity of 0.87 (95%CI: 0.84, 0.91). Subgroup analysis showed that different patient and specimen types had no significant differences on sensitivity, but the specificity of sputum group was higher than that of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. As for the detection of rifampicin-resistant TB, 33 articles (38 comparisons) were analyzed, the pooled sensitivity and specificity were 0.92 (95%CI: 0.89, 0.94) and 0.98 (95%CI: 0.97, 0.99) respectively. There were no significant differences between the patient and specimen in the subgroup analyses. The Deeks funnel plot showed a possible publication bias for detecting active tuberculosis (P=0.08) and no publication bias for rifampicin-resistant TB (P=0.24). The likelihood ratio scatter gram showed that in clinical applications, Xpert® MTB/RIF had a good diagnostic ability for detecting active tuberculosis, and it had good clinical diagnostic value in detecting rifampicin-resistant TB. CONCLUSION: Xpert® MTB/RIF has good sensitivity and specificity in detecting TB and rifampicin-resistant TB in Chinese people. In particular, it has good clinical value in diagnosing rifampicin-resistance TB.


Assuntos
Antibióticos Antituberculose , Tuberculose Resistente a Múltiplos Medicamentos , Tuberculose Pulmonar , Tuberculose , Antibióticos Antituberculose/farmacologia , Antibióticos Antituberculose/uso terapêutico , China , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Humanos , Rifampina/farmacologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Tuberculose/tratamento farmacológico , Tuberculose Resistente a Múltiplos Medicamentos/diagnóstico , Tuberculose Resistente a Múltiplos Medicamentos/tratamento farmacológico , Tuberculose Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Tuberculose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico
15.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 54(11): 857-862, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795548

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the migration and invasion behaviors of Hep-2 after the targeted knockdown of yes-associated protein (YAP). Methods: Hep-2 cells were knock-downed for YAP by shRNA as YAP-shRNA group, Hep-2 treated with non-specific shRNA as YAP-NC group, and Hep-2 with no treatment as control. Glucose uptake and lactate production in the cells were examined to assess Warburg effect. The migration and invasion behaviors of cells in three groups were observed. The expressions of vimentin and E-cadherin were detected by RT-PCR and Western Blot. The statistical software GraphPad Prism 7.0 was used to analyze significance of data. Two tailed Student' s t-tests was used to determine significance when only two groups were compared. P values of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Downregulation of YAP led to a obvious decrease in glucose uptake [(18.51±1.72)%] and lactate production [103.40±8.32] in Hep-2 cells compared with control [(41.20±1.11)% and 743.69±19.49, t=19.20 and 52.33, respectively, both P<0.01] and YAP-NC group [(39.60±0.78)% and 705.22±17.20, t=19.34 and 54.56, respectively, both P<0.01]. Compared with the control group (78.32±4.04) and YAP-NC group (77.28±3.11), the scratch healing ability of Hep-2 cells was significantly decreased in YAP-shRNA group (44.71±4.68). The P value was less than 0.01 (t=9.42 and 10.04). The number of cells with YAP-shRNA (33.30±4.19) passing through compartments was remarkable fewer than the control group (133.71±6.72) and YAP-NC group (126.32±4.21). The P value was less than 0.01 (t=21.96 and 27.13). The expression of E-cadherin protein in cells of YAP-shRNA group (6.16±0.11) was up-regulated compared with control (0.97±0.10, t=35.70, P<0.01) and YAP-NC group (1.13±0.09, t=36.28, P<0.01), while the expression of vimentin protein in cells of YAP-shRNA group (1.08±0.09) was down-regulated compared with control (5.67±0.12, t=29.91, P<0.01) and YAP-NC group (5.51±0.12, t=29.04, P<0.01). Conclusions: The down-regulation of YAP in Hep-2 inhibits the migration and invasion of cells via suppressing Warburg and EMT program.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Neoplasias Laríngeas/genética , Neoplasias Laríngeas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/biossíntese , Caderinas/biossíntese , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação para Baixo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Humanos , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patologia , Invasividade Neoplásica , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/biossíntese , Vimentina/biossíntese
16.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 42(11): 826-831, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694092

RESUMO

Objectives: Long-term use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) was reported as a risk factor for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) complicated with nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease (NTM-LD). But it was not reported often in China. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients who were diagnosed with COPD and NTM-LD in our department from January 1(st) 2017 to December 31(th) 2018. Results: This study consisted of 10 male and 5 female patients with a mean age of (66±7) years. The detailed clinical data and radiological images were reviewed systemically. There were 4 current smokers (26.7%) and 6 past smokers (40%). All cases were current ICS users, with a mean duration of (27.3±9.7) months, ranging from 3 months to 61 months. Among them, 8 cases (53.3%) used inhaled fluticasone and 7 cases (46.7%) used inhaled budesonide. Aggravated coughing (15 cases, 100%), expectoration (15 cases, 100%) and dyspnea (10 cases, 66.7%) were the common clinical manifestations, although fever was only reported in 4 cases (26.7%). All cases showed normal white blood cell count and lymphocyte count, and some of them (7 cases, 46.7%) showed elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein. Most of them (14 cases, 93.3%) had normal TB-SPOT results. Multiple focal bronchiectasis (9 cases, 60%) and significant emphysema (12 cases, 80%) were the common manifestations of basic high-resolution CT (HRCT) prior NTM infection. The occurrence of bronchiectasis (15 cases, 100%), "tree in bud" sign (12 cases, 80%) and tiny cavities (8 cases, 53.3%) were the common HRCT abnormalities for the NTM-LD cases. According to the 2007's NTM-LD diagnosis criteria, most of them (13 cases, 86.7%) were diagnosed with positive sputum samples at least twice, and 2 cases were diagnosed with positive CT-directed bronchial alveolar lavage fluid. NTM-PCR analysis was performed routinely for the isolated NTM samples to identify the NTM species. Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) was the most common NTM species (8 cases, 53.3%). After treatment with proposed anti-NTM strategies, most cases improved (9 cases, 60%), and some of them (4 cases, 26.7%) were cured and a few cases (2 cases, 13.3%) relapsed. Conclusions: When COPD patients treated with ICS showed aggravated cough, expectation and/or dyspnea, and new occurrence of bronchiectasis and/or "tree in bud" sign in the recent HRCT, the differential diagnosis of NTM-LD should be considered. Respiratory samples should be arranged for NTM cultures and PCR analysis as soon as possible. Earlier antimicrobial strategies according to the identified NTM species would improve the clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas/complicações , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas/microbiologia , Micobactérias não Tuberculosas/isolamento & purificação , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos do Sistema Respiratório/administração & dosagem , Administração por Inalação , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Sistema Respiratório/microbiologia , Sistema Respiratório/fisiopatologia , Fármacos do Sistema Respiratório/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 42(9): 700-704, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484245

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effect of pirfenidone in fibrotic interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (IPAF) after treatment with corticosteroids and immunosuppressants. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 2 adult patients with IPAF in the Peking Union Medical College Hospital. As their fibrotic interstitial lung disease failed to improve with further treatment with corticosteroids and immunosuppressants, they were treated with pirfenidone based on corticosteroids and immunosuppressants. Their clinical, chest radiological data and prognosis were collected and relevant literatures were reviewed. Results: One patient was a 43 year old female, the other was a 53 year old male. IPAF was diagnosed with their classic clinical, serological and radiological features. They were partially responded to corticosteroids and immunosuppressants at the initial period. Pirfenidone was suggested for them as their lung fibrosis was not improved further with immunosuppressive therapy. After 4-5 months treatment with pirfenidone, based on corticosteroids and immunosuppressant administration, their clinical and radiological manifestations improved significantly. Conclusions: Pirfenidone might be a good add-on choice for fibrotic IPAF when the disease did not respond well to corticosteroids and immunosuppressants.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/tratamento farmacológico , Piridonas/uso terapêutico , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/diagnóstico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256531

RESUMO

Objective: To establish a method for determination of methyl ethyl ketone in urine by headspace gas chromatography. Methods: In the urine sample(hereinafter referred to as urine sample), methyl ethyl ketone is pretreated by headspace technology, and a certain amount of head air is injected into the gas chromatograph, separated by capillary column, detected by hydrogen flame ionization detector, and the retention time is qualitative and the peak height is high. Peak area. Results: Good linearity was in the range of 0.01 to 6.0 µg/ml with a regression equation of y=13.316x+0.8497 and γ=0.9997.The minimum detectable concentration of methyl ethyl ketone was 0.01 µg/ml. The range intra-day RSD and inter-day RSD were 2.2%-5.5% and 2.5%-6.1% respectively. Urine samples can be stored for 20 days in the refrigerator at 4 ℃. Conclusion: The method has a high advantage of sensitivity and accuracy, and also easy to operate. Therefore, it is suitable for the determination of methyl ethyl ketone in urine.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Gasosa , Butanonas
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