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1.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(6): 507-512, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102736

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the clinical characteristics and abnormal reflux branches of primary isolated chylopericardium. Methods: Totally 43 patients with primary isolated chylopericardium at Department of Lymphatic Surgery, Affiliated Beijing Shijitan Hospital,Capital Medical University from June 2007 to January 2018 were recruited in this study. There were 21 males and 22 females, aging (23.0±15.9) years (range: 2 to 57 years). The levels of triglyceride, total cholesterol, total protein and albumin in pericardial effusion and blood were compared by paired-t test, and the characteristics of lymphatic system in direct lymphangiography and postoperative CT were analyzed. Results: Pericardial effusion was mainly milky white and monocytes, and 95.3%(41/43) were positive for Rivalta test. The level of triglyceride in pericardial effusion was significantly higher than that of blood ((9.67±5.11) mmol/L vs. (1.28±0.89) mmol/L, t=10.557, P<0.01), and the levels of total cholesterol ((2.19±0.52) mmol/L vs. (4.12±1.06) mmol/L, t=-3.732, P<0.01), total protein ((61.25±16.17) g/L vs. (68.26±8.30) g/L, t=-2.958, P=0.005) and albumin ((36.63±7.06) g/L vs. (42.32±4.73) g/L, t=-5.747, P<0.01) were significantly lower than that of blood. In the direct lymphangiography, the imaging of iliac and retroperitoneal lymphatics showed dilated or tortuous in 90.7% (39/43), the thoracoabdominal segment of thoracic duct showed dilation in 46.5% (20/43), and cervical thoracic duct imaging showed dilation in 44.2% (19/43) and stenosis in 55.8% (24/43). The image of lipiodol flowing into the vein showed obstruction at the venous angle. There were 60.5%(26/43) of the patients with lipiodol reflux through the bronchomediastinal trunk (type Ⅰ), 11.6%(5/43) with lipiodol diffusion to the pericardium through the abnormal pathway from the thoracic segment of the thoracic duct (type Ⅱ), while no communication pathway between the thoracic duct and the pericardial cavity (type Ⅲ) found in 27.9%(12/43). CT images obtained after the direct lymphangiography showed 34.9%(15/43) had abnormal distribution of lipiodol in pericardium, mediastinal lymph nodes and lung hilar lymph nodes, 46.5%(20/43) in mediastinal lymph nodes and lung hilar lymph nodes, 14.0%(6/43) only mediastinal lymph nodes, 4.6%(2/43) had no lipiodol in the above areas. Conclusions: Pericardial effusion compared with same period blood, has higher triglyceride, lower total cholesterol, total protein and albumin. The obstruction of the cervical segment of the thoracic duct and the formation of abnormal reflux branches would be corelative to primary isolated chylopericardium.


Assuntos
Derrame Pericárdico , Feminino , Humanos , Linfografia , Masculino , Pescoço , Derrame Pericárdico/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ducto Torácico/diagnóstico por imagem
2.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(6): 401-407, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34154315

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical features of poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitor-related anemia in advanced and relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Methods: Patients diagnosed with advanced or relapsed EOC and treated with PARP inhibitor at National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College between January 2015 to October 2020 were accrued. The data included PARP inhibitors, treatment details, and lab tests before treatment and during treatment were collected and the clinical characteristics of PARP inhibitor-related anemia were analyzed. Results: (1) A total of 98 patients with a median age of 56.5 years old (30-82 years old) were enrolled in this study. All patients were treated with PARP inhibitor (65 cases of olaparib, 17 cases of niraparib, and 16 cases of fluzoparib). The median treatment duration was 37.5 weeks (4-119 weeks). (2) The anemia rate was 40% (39/98), including 5% (5/98) of grade Ⅰ, 14% (14/98) of grade Ⅱ, 11% (11/98) of grade Ⅲ, and 9% (9/98) of grade Ⅳ. Fourteen patients with pre-treatment grade Ⅰ anemia had a higher rate of anemia events than the 80 patients without pre-treatment anemia, 7/14 vs 35% (28/80; χ2=4.281, P=0.039). (3) The median anemia occurrence time was 7.0 weeks (1-52 weeks), including 41% (16/39) of anemia cases occurred in 1-4 weeks, 26% (10/39) occurred in 5-8 weeks, 13% (5/39) occurred in 9-12 weeks, 3% (1/39) occurred in 13-16 weeks, 10% (4/39) occurred in 17-20 weeks, 8% (3/39) occurred ≥21 weeks. At the time of the lowest hemoglobulin tested, the median value of mean corpuscular volume (MCV) was 106 fl,which was higher than the up limit of normal range (100 fl), 74% (29/39) of anemia patients had an elevated MCV level; the median value of mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) was 36 pg, 54% (21/39) of anemia patients had an elevated MCH level; the median value of mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) was 320 g/L, 69% (27/39) of anemia patients had a higher MCHC level; 92% (36/39) of anemia patients had a normal level of serum iron; 79% (31/39) of anemia patients had a normal level of transferrin. 74% (29/39) of the anemia patients were macrocytic orthochromatic anemia. (4) Among the 39 patients with anemia, 20 patients (51%, 20/39) withhold the treatment of PARP inhibitor due to grade Ⅲ or Ⅳ anemia, including 10 patients (50%, 10/20) who resumed the PARP inhibitor treatment by suppling iron, folate, and vitamin B12. The median stopping time of PARP inhibitor was 5.5 weeks (2-10 weeks), while the other 10 patients terminated the PARP inhibitor treatment for not recovering from severe anemia. Conclusions: One of the common adverse effects of PARP inhibitors is anemia, which mostly happened in the first 3 months of treatment. In the treatment of EOC, PARP inhibitor-related anemia mainly manifest as macrocytic orthochromatic anemia, and most patients with normal serum iron and transferrin.

4.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; : 9603271211017609, 2021 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34053323

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The mechanism of cytotoxicity of silibinin on two human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines, HepG2 (p53 wild-type) and Hep3B cells (p53 null), is examined in relation with the induction of autophagy and phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (p-AMPK). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Levels of apoptosis in relation to the levels of autophagy and those of glycolysis-related proteins, glucose transporter 1/4 (Glut1/4) and hexokinase-II (HK2), in HepG2 and Hep3B cells were examined. RESULTS: Silibinin-induced apoptosis was incomplete for HCC cell death in that up-regulated autophagy and/or reduced level of glycolysis, which are induced by silibinin treatment, antagonized silibinin-induced apoptosis. Inhibition of autophagy with 3-methyl adenine (3MA) or blocking of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation with Compound C (CC) enhanced silibinin-induced apoptosis. The results confirm that AMPK involved in autophagy as well as in glycolysis remaining with silibinin is responsible for attenuation of silibinin-induced apoptosis. Blocking of AMPK or autophagy contributes to the enhancement of silibinin's cytotoxicity to HepG2 and Hep3B cells. CONCLUSION: This study shows that incomplete apoptosis of HCC by silibinin treatment becomes complete by repression of autophagy and/or glycolysis.

6.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(5): 553-562, 2021 May 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034475

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the relationship between insulin resistance, glucose and lipid metabolism related molecules and colorectal polyps. Methods: A total of 262 healthy people who underwent colonoscopy in Shandong cancer hospital from June 2019 to September 2020 were selected. The levels of serum vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19), insulin like growth factor (IGF-1), fasting blood glucose and fasting blood insulin were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) was calculated, and the influencing factors of occurrence, pathological type, size and number of polyps were analyzed. Results: Among 262 cases, 116 cases were polyp free, 113 cases were adenomatous polyp and 33 cases were inflammatory polyp. HOMA-IR, VCAM-1 and FGF19 in polyp group were 2.904±1.754, (334.415±139.573) ng/ml and (135.865±98.470) pg/ml, respectively, which were higher than 2.369±1.306, (302.480±99.946) ng/ml and(110.694±76.044) ng/ml in non-polyp group, respectively (P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the gender (OR=4.269, 95%CI: 1.963-9.405) and FGF19 (77.0-131.4 pg/ml: OR=2.385, 95%CI: 1.155-4.926) were independent factors of colorectal polyps. The gender (OR=3.799, 95%CI: 1.650-8.748) and FGF19 (77.0-131.4 pg/ml: OR=2.290, 95%CI: 1.072-4.891) were independent factors of colorectal adenomatous polyps. The gender(OR=6.725, 95%CI: 1.853-24.410) and fasting plasma glucose (≥6.5 mmol/L: OR=0.047, 95%CI: 0.009-0.245) were independent factors of colorectal inflammatory polyps. The gender (OR=3.539, 95% CI: 1.293-9.689) was an independent factor for the occurrence of single polyp. The gender (OR=5.063, 95% CI: 2.048-12.515), FGF19 (77.0-131.4 pg/ml: OR=2.502, 95%CI: 1.102-5.681), fasting plasma glucose (≥6.5 mmol/L: OR=0.282, 95%CI: 0.095-0.839) were independent factors of multiple polyps. The gender (OR=3.416, 95% CI: 1.134-10.289) and fasting insulin (≥9.4 µU/ml: OR=9.480, 95% CI: 1.485-60.521) were independent risk factors for colorectal polyps<0.5 cm. The gender (OR=3.151, 95%CI: 1.244-7.984) and fasting plasma glucose (≥6.5 mmol/L: OR=0.310, 95%CI: 0.102-0.941) were independent risk factors for colorectal polyps with the size of 0.5-0.9 cm. The gender (OR=22.649, 95%CI: 4.154-123.485), age (55 to 64 years old: OR=4.473, 95%CI: 1.070-18.704; ≥65 years old: OR=5.815, 95%CI: 1.300-26.009), BMI (≥28 kg/m(2): OR=5.310, 95%CI: 1.224-23.032) and FGF19 (77.0-131.4 pg/ml: OR=7.474, 95%CI: 1.903-29.351) were independent factors for colorectal polyps with size ≥ 1.0 cm. Gender stratification analysis showed that FGF19 was an independent factor for the occurrence of male polyps (77.0-131.4 pg/ml: OR=6.109, 95%CI: 1.688-22.104) and adenomas (77.0-131.4 pg/ml: OR=6.401, 95%CI: 1.717-23.864). The age (55 to 64 years old: OR=3.783, 95%CI: 1.052-13.611) and VCAM-1 (≥352.8 ng/ml: OR=4.341, 95%CI: 1.142-16.493) were independent risk factors of female polyps. The age (55 to 64 years old: OR=5.743, 95%CI: 1.205-27.362, ≥65 years old: OR=6.885, 95%CI: 1.143-41.467), VCAM-1 (≥352.8 ng/ml: OR=6.313, 95%CI: 1.415-28.159) and IGF-1 (≥7.6 ng/ml: OR=5.621, 95%CI: 1.069-29.543) were independent factors of female adenoma. Conclusions: The occurrences of colorectal polyps and adenomatous polyps are related to insulin resistance and glucose and lipid metabolism. Serum FGF19 is an independent influencing factor for the occurrence of colorectal polyps and adenomatous polyps, and is a potential serological diagnostic marker and therapeutic target for colorectal polyps and adenomatous polyps.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Pólipos do Colo , Neoplasias Colorretais , Resistência à Insulina , Idoso , Feminino , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Humanos , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular
7.
Br Poult Sci ; : 1-9, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33970711

RESUMO

1. The following study provides the first data on the detection and types of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from broiler chickens during processing and from six Taiwanese abattoir environments.2. Listeria monocytogenes was not detected in any cloacal (n = 120) or environmental (n = 256) samples collected before and during processing, indicating that faecal material and the environment of abattoirs were not important sources of L. monocytogenes for poultry carcases. However, 28 of 246 (11.4%; 95% CI: 7.7-16.0) rinse samples collected from carcases post-evisceration from three abattoirs were positive for L. monocytogenes.3. The only serotypes detected were 1/2a (82.1%; 95% CI: 63.1-93.9) and 1/2b (14.3%; 95% CI: 4.0-32.7), with 3.6% (95% CI: 0.1-18.3) non-typable isolates.4. Characterisation by Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE) identified five PFGE types, confirming cross-contamination with L. monocytogenes during evisceration, chilling and post-chilling.5. These findings highlight the potential for cross-contamination to occur through direct contact between carcases, especially whilst in chilling tanks.

10.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 54(7): e10520, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34008753

RESUMO

Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) has brought attention to flap failure in reconstructive surgery. To improve the prognosis of skin transplantation, we performed experimental IRI by surgical obstruction of blood flow and used sodium ferulate (SF) to prevent IRI in rats. After SF treatment, the morphological and histological changes of the skin flaps were observed by H&E and Masson's trichrome staining. We also detected the expression levels of COX-1, HO-1, and Ki67 by immunohistochemical and western blot analysis. Moreover, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to identify the content of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, myeloperoxidase (MPO), malondialdehyde (MDA), and nitric oxide (NO) in peripheral blood and skin tissue. Compared with the model group, SF treatment significantly improved the recovered flap area (%) and promoted collagen synthesis. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression was significantly inhibited by heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) induction after SF treatment. Furthermore, SF significantly inhibited the levels of TNF-α in peripheral blood, MPO and MDA in the skin tissue, and the increased synthesis of NO. Our results showed the protective effects of SF on IRI after flap transplantation and we believe that the protective effects of SF was closely related to the alleviation of the inflammatory response and the inhibition of the oxidative stress injury.


Assuntos
Estresse Oxidativo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Ácidos Cumáricos/farmacologia , Ratos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle
11.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(5): 440-448, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34000774

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the expression of mismatch repair (MMR) protein and the EB virus infection in gastric adenocarcinoma, and to examine the association of MMR expression and EB virus infection with clinicopathological parameters. Methods: A case-control study was performed. Clinicopathological data of patients who was pathologically diagnosed as gastric adenocarcinoma, received radical gastrectomy and had complete clinicopathological data from August 2017 to April 2020 in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital were retrospectively collected and analyzed. The immunohistochemistry (IHC) of MMR proteins and in situ hybridization (ISH) of Epstein-Barr virus encoded RNA (EBER) were reviewed. The associations of MMR and EBER results with clinicopathological parameters were analyzed. The main observations of the study were MMR and EBER expression, and association of MMR and EBER results with clinicopathological parameters. Results: Eight hundred and eighty-six patients were enrolled, including 98 patients who received preoperative neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Of 886 patients, 613 (69.2%) were males and the median age was 60 (22-83) years; 831 (93.8%) were mismatch repair proficiency (pMMR), and 55 (6.2%) were mismatch repair deficiency (dMMR). In dMMR group, 47 cases (85.5%) had the deficiency of both MLH1 and PMS2, 1 case (1.8%) had the deficiency of both MSH2 and MSH6, 4 cases (7.3%) had the deficiency only in PMS2, 2 cases (3.6%) had the deficiency only in MSH6, and 1 case (1.8%) had the deficiency only in MSH2. The deficiency rates of PMS2, MLH1, MSH6 and MSH2 were 5.8% (51/886), 5.3% (47/886), 0.3% (3/886) and 0.2% (2/886), respectively. Among the 871 cases with EBER results, 4.9% (43/871) were positive EBER. Univariate analysis showed that dMMR was more frequently detected in female patients (χ(2)=10.962, P=0.001), cancer locating in the antrum (χ(2)=9.336,P=0.020), Lauren intestinal type (χ(2)=9.718, P=0.018), stage T3 (χ(2)=25.866, P<0.001) and TNM stage II (χ(2)=15.470, P=0.002). The ratio of dMMR was not significantly associated with age, tumor differentiation, histological type, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis or Her-2 immunohistochemical score (all P>0.05). Compared with negative EBER, positive EBER was more frequent in male patients (χ(2)=9.701, P=0.002), cancer locating in gastric fundus and corpus (χ(2)=17.964, P<0.001), gastric cancer with lymphoid stroma (χ(2)=744.073, P<0.001) and poorly differentiated cancer (χ(2)=13.739, P=0.010). Positive EBER was not significantly associated with age, depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, TNM stage or Her-2 immunohistochemical score (all P>0.05). In addition, all dMMR cases were EBER negative, and all cases of positive EBER were pMMR. Conclusions: The positive EB virus status is mutually exclusive with dMMR, indicating that different molecular subtypes of gastric adenocarcinoma are involved in different molecular pathways in tumorigenesis and progression. The overlapping of dMMR or positive EBER status and positive Her-2 expression is found in some cases of gastric adenocarcinoma. Patients with gastric adenocarcinoma after radical surgery should be tested for MMR status if they are female, the tumor locates in gastric antrum, the TNM staging is stage II or T3, or if the Lauren classification is intestinal type. And if patients are male, the tumor locates in the gastric fundus and corpus, the cancer is lymphoid stroma, or poor differentiated, the expression of EBER should be detected. Results of our study may provide evidence for further decision-making of clinical treatment.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Neoplasias Gástricas , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Reparo de Erro de Pareamento de DNA , Feminino , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Endonuclease PMS2 de Reparo de Erro de Pareamento/genética , Endonuclease PMS2 de Reparo de Erro de Pareamento/metabolismo , Proteína 1 Homóloga a MutL/genética , Proteína 2 Homóloga a MutS/genética , Proteína 2 Homóloga a MutS/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(4): 356-361, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33979963

RESUMO

Objective: To comparatively study the similarities and differences between the clinical, pathological, and risk factors of advanced fibrosis in men and women with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods: 267 patients with NAFLD diagnosed by liver biopsy were retrospectively included, and were divided into male and female groups. The difference of clinical and pathological indexes were compared between the two groups. The measurement data were in accordance with normal distribution. The comparison between the two groups was performed by independent sample t-test. The non-parametric test was used for non-normal distribution. The classification data were expressed as a percentage, and the chi-square test was used for comparison between groups. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors. Results: The age of onset of NAFLD was significantly lower in male than female patients (P < 0.01). There was no statistically significant difference between the male and female groups in terms of body mass index and the prevalence of type 2 diabetes (P > 0.05). Biochemical index: The levels of alanine aminotransferase, albumin, total bilirubin and uric acid were significantly higher in male than female patients (P < 0.01). Liver pathology: The proportion of ballooning degeneration was significantly lower in male than female patients (P < 0.01). There was not statistically significant difference between the two groups in the proportion of steatohepatitis score, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (52.0% vs. 61.5%, P = 0.283) and advanced liver fibrosis (14.3% vs. 17.8%, P = 0.162). Thrombocytopenia was a common independent risk factor for advanced stage liver fibrosis (OR = 0.984, 0.978~0.989, P < 0.01). Type 2 diabetes was only an independent risk factor for advanced stage liver fibrosis in men (OR = 6.557, 1.667~25.782), P < 0.01). Elevated AST was only an independent risk factor for advanced stage liver fibrosis in women (OR = 1.016, 1.003~1.028, P = 0.012). Conclusion: In NAFLD patients, there are some clinical and pathological differences between genders. Platelets are a common predictor of advanced liver fibrosis in men and women. Type 2 diabetes in men and elevated aspartate aminotransferase in women can be regarded as independent risk factors for advanced liver fibrosis.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Biópsia , Feminino , Fibrose , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Masculino , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
13.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(4): 514-520, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33963709

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of protein C activator (PCA) from Agkistrodon acutus venom (AAV) in modulating early adaptive immune response of septic rats. OBJECTIVE: Rat models of sepsis were established by intraperitoneal injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 10 mg/kg) in 36 SD rats, which were divided into 6 groups (n=6) for sample collection at 4, 6, 8, 12, 16 and 24 h after LPS injection, with 6 rats injected with saline as the control group. Another 36 rats were divided into two groups, and 30 min after LPS injection, the rats were treated with SEW2871 (a sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1 agonist; 0.5 mg/kg) or PCA group (0.1 mg/kg), and each group was divided into 3 groups (n=6) for sample collection at 6, 12 and 24 h after LPS injection. Plasma IL-4, S1P, IL-12 and IFN-γ levels of the rats were detected using ELISA, and the expressions of S1PR1 and CD103 in the mesenteric lymph nodes were detected with immunofluorescence assay. OBJECTIVE: The plasma levels of S1P, IL-12, IL-4 and IFN-γ (P < 0.05) and the expressions of S1PR1 and CD103 in the mesenteric lymph nodes (P < 0.05) all increased significantly in the rats 24 h after LPS injection; IFN-γ/IL-4 ratio increased progressively within 6 h after LPS injection and then subsided gradually. Compared with those in the corresponding sepsis model subgroups, the levels of S1P, IL-12 and IFN-γ increased while IL- 4 level decreased significantly (P < 0.05), and the expression of S1PR1 and CD103 were reduced significantly (P < 0.05) in SEW2871-treated rats; both the plasma level of IL-4 and the expression of S1PR1 in the mesenteric lymph nodes increased significantly in PCA-treated rats (P < 0.05). OBJECTIVE: PCA can regulate the balance of inflammation and immune response in the early stage of sepsis in rats possibly through the S1P-S1PR1 pathway.


Assuntos
Agkistrodon , Sepse , Imunidade Adaptativa , Animais , Proteína C , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Peçonhas
14.
Cancer Genomics Proteomics ; 18(3 Suppl): 451-459, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33994367

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The prevalence of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) increases with age and is associated with senescence of alveolar epithelial cells (AECs). AEC senescence in pulmonary cells mediates IPF. We herein aimed to determine if YAP1 gene knockdown, a member of the Hippo/YAP signal pathway, in the bleomycin (BLM)-induced mouse model of IPF, inhibits onset of senescence of AECs and alleviates IPF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adeno-associated viruses (AAVs) expressing Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1) short hairpin RNA (shRNA) were delivered into the lung of BLM-induced IPF mice via intratracheal injection, to knockdown the YAP1 gene in AECs. The mice were assigned to 4 groups: G1: control (normal mice); G2: IPF mice; G3: IPF + AAV/YAP1; G4: IPF + AAV/scramble. After 28 days, AECs were examined for senescence using H&E staining, Masson's trichrome Staining, senescence-associated ß-galactosidase (SA-ß-gal) staining, western blotting and co-immunofluorescence staining, to determine the expression of YAP1, Smad-3 and p21, in order to determine the induction of senescence of ACEs. RESULTS: The severity of IPF determined by H&E staining, Masson's staining and immunofluorescence (IF) staining was positively correlated with the senescence of AECs. Down-regulation of YAP1 expression of the Hippo-signaling pathway, determined by western blotting in AECs, alleviated pulmonary fibrosis as determined by Masson's staining. Down regulation of YAP1 expression reduced the senescence of AECs as determined by ß-galactosidase (SA-ß-gal) staining, which alleviated the clinical symptoms of IPF mice, as determined by body weight and lung index. CONCLUSION: Down-regulation of YAP1 expression in AECs inhibited AEC senescence which is thought to be the cause of IPF. Therefore, future studies can focus on inhibiting YAP1 to effectively treat IPF.

15.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(2): 402-405, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33879918

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of different edge compensation angles on the fracture strength of multilayer zirconia all-ceramic crowns and traditional uniform zirconia all-ceramic crowns. METHODS: The resin tooth preparation specimen of the mandibular first molar with a knife-edge was fabricated. A 3D digital model of the specimen was obtained by scanning it with a 3D dental model scanner. The 3D digital model was imported into computer aided design (CAD) software, and three 3D digital models of the full crown with the same surface shape are designed with the edge compensation angles of 30°, 45° and 60°, respectively. Then, the designed 3D digital model is imported into computer aided manufacturing (CAM) software. Three kinds of multilayer and homogeneous zirconia all-porcelain crowns with different edge compensation angles were fabricated, 10 each for a total of 60. The fracture load of each crown was measured under the electronic universal testing machine. RESULTS: Fracture load of multilayer and uniform zirconia all-ceramic crowns, (4 322.86±610.07) N and (5 914.12±596.80) N in the 30° group, (5 264.82±883.76) N and (5 220.83±563.38) N in the 45° group and (4 900.42±345.41) N and (5 050.22±560.24) N in the 60° group, respectively. The fracture load of multi-layer zirconia all-ceramic crowns in the 30° group was significantly lower than that of homogeneous zirconia all-ceramic crowns(P < 0.05); there was no statistical significance in 45° group and 60° group(P>0.05). In the multi-layer zirconia all-ceramic crowns: the fracture load of the 30° group was significantly lower than that of the 45° group (P < 0.05); there was no significant difference between the 30° group and the 60° group, the 45° group and the 60° group (P>0.05).In uniform zirconia full crown group: the 30° group was higher than the 45° group, the 30° group was higher than the 60° group (P < 0.05), and there was no significant difference between the 45° group and the 60° group (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: The fracture loads of three kinds of uniform and multilayer zirconia all ceramic crowns with different edge compensation angles can meet the clinical requirements. A smaller edge compensation angle is recommended when using traditional zirconia all-ceramic crowns, while 45° is recommended when using multi-layer zirconia all-ceramic crowns.


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Resistência à Flexão , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Coroas , Porcelana Dentária , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Zircônio
16.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(2): 406-412, 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33879919

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the differences and indications of three evaluation methods for fitness evaluation of removable partial denture (RPD). METHODS: A RPD was fabricated and seated on the stone cast of a partially edentulous mandible, and the spaces between RPD and stone cast were recorded with polyvinyl siloxane (PVS) impression material forming PVS replicas. Using cross sectional measurement, the average thicknesses of PVS replicas were measured under stereomicroscope with different numbers of selected measuring points in the denture base, major connector, occlusal rest of the RPD, and the average thicknesses of the PVS replicas measured with different numbers of measuring points were compared using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and independent sample t test. Three kinds of method, including cross sectional measurement, three-dimensional analysis on the stone cast, and three-dimensional analysis on the polyether cast, were applied to measure the average thicknesses of the PVS replicas, and the average thicknesses of the PVS replicas measured by these three evaluation methods were compared with ANOVA. RESULTS: For cross sectional measurement, statistically significant differences were found in the average thicknesses of the PVS replicas in the denture base and the major connector among the different numbers of measuring points (P < 0.05), but no differences were found in the average thicknesses of the PVS replicas in the occlusal rest (P>0.05). There were significant differences among the average thicknesses of the PVS replicas measured by these three evaluation methods in each component of the RPD (P < 0.01). The average thickness measured by three-dimensional analysis on the stone cast and three-dimensional analysis on polyether cast were smaller than that measured by cross sectional measurement (P < 0.05). And there were no differences between the average thicknesses of PVS replicas measured by three-dimensional analysis on stone cast and three-dimensional analysis on polyether cast (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: For cross sectional measurement, the average thickness of the PVS replicas was influenced by the number of measuring points, and the measurement accuracy of cross sectional measurement was not reliable enough. Three-dimensional analysis on stone cast which is suitable for evaluation in vitro and three-dimensional analysis on polyether cast which is suitable for evaluation in vivo can evaluate the fitness of RPD more comprehensively and effectively than that of cross sectional measurement.


Assuntos
Prótese Parcial Removível , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Estudos Transversais , Exercício Físico , Projetos de Pesquisa
17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33910292

RESUMO

Objective: To establish a method for the determination of chlorothalonil in air by filtration membrane sampling, solvent elution and gas chromatography. Methods: PTFE filter was used for sampling, eluted with dichloromethane, separated by DB-5 capillary column, and determined by FID. Results: The standard curve was used for quantitative detection, and the correlation of chlorothalonil in the range of 15 µg/ml-300 µg/ml, R(2)=0.9999. The detection limit of this method was 1.70 µg/ml and the lower quantitative limit was 5.70 µg/ml. The minimum detected concentration was 0.045 mg/m(3) (75L air sample was collected) . The recovery rate was 90.14%-91.81%. The precision of the same batch was 1.5%-1.8%, and that of different batches was 2.3%-3.8%. The sampling efficiency can reach above 95%; The samples can be stored for 14 days at room temperature. Conclusion: The results show that the method of filtration membrane sampling-solvent elude-gas chromatography is suitable for the determination of chlorothalonil in the air.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ocupacionais do Ar , Local de Trabalho , Poluentes Ocupacionais do Ar/análise , Cromatografia Gasosa , Nitrilas , Solventes
19.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(4): 340-349, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33887882

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the epidemiological characteristics and treatment outcomes of patients with inhalation injuries combined with total burn area less than 30% total body surface area (TBSA). Methods: A retrospective observational study was performed on medical records of 266 patients with inhalation injuries combined with total burn area less than 30%TBSA who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University from January 2008 to December 2016 and met the inclusion criteria. The following statistical data of the patients were collected, including gender, age, injury site, injurious factors of inhalation injury, degree of inhalation injury, combined total burn area, tracheotomy, time of tracheotomy, mechanical ventilation, whether stayed in intensive care unit (ICU) or not, microbial culture results of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, length of hospital stay, length of ICU stay, mechanical ventilation days, and respiratory tract infections. Single factor and multivariate linear regression analysis were used to screen out the risk factors impacting the length of hospital stay, length of ICU stay, and mechanical ventilation days of patients. Single factor and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to screen out the risk factors impacting respiratory tract infections of patients. Results: The 266 patients included 190 males and 76 females, with the majority age of above or equal to 21 years and below 65 years (217 patients). The major injury site was confined space. The major factor causing inhalation injury was hot air. Mild and moderate inhalation injuries were more common in patients. The combined total burn area was 9.00% (3.25%, 18.00%) TBSA. In 111 patients who had tracheotomy, most of them received the procedures before being admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University. The length of hospital stay of patients was 27 (10, 55) days. The length of ICU stay of 160 patients who were hospitalized in ICU was 15.5 (6.0, 40.0) days. The mechanical ventilation days of 109 patients who were conducted with mechanical ventilation were 6.0 (1.3, 11.5) days. A total of 119 patients were diagnosed with respiratory tract infections, with 548 strains including 35 types of pathogens isolated, mainly Gram-negative bacteria. Single factor linear regression analysis showed that age, injurious factors of inhalation injury, combined total burn area, degree of inhalation injury (moderate and severe), tracheotomy, mechanical ventilation, and respiratory tract infections were the factors impacting the length of hospital stay of patients (ß=-0.198, -0.224, 0.021, 0.127, 0.164, -0.298, 0.357, 0.447, 95% confidence interval (CI)=-0.397--0.001, -0.395--0.053, 0.015-0.028, 0.009-0.263, 0.008-0.319, -0.419--0.176, 0.242-0.471, 0.340-0.555, P<0.1). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that with mechanical ventilation and respiratory tract infections were the independent risk factors impacting the length of hospital stay of patients (ß=0.146, 0.383, 95% CI=0.022-0.271, 0.261-0.506, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Single factor linear regression analysis showed that injurious factors of inhalation injury, combined total burn area, degree of inhalation injury (moderate and severe), tracheotomy (no tracheotomy and prophylactic tracheotomy), mechanical ventilation, and respiratory tract infections were the factors impacting the length of ICU stay of patients (ß=0.225, 0.008, 0.237, 0.203, -0.408, -0.334, 0.309, 0.523, 95% CI=0.053-0.502, 0.006-0.010, -0.018-0.457, -0.022-0.428, -0.575--0.241, -0.687--0.018, 0.132-0.486, 0.369-0.678, P<0.1). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that with respiratory tract infections was the independent risk factor impacting the length of ICU stay of patients (ß=0.440, 95% CI=0.278-0.601, P<0.01). Single factor linear regression analysis showed that injury site, injurious factors of inhalation injury (smoke and chemical gas), combined total burn area, degree of inhalation injury (moderate and severe), tracheotomy (no tracheotomy and prophylactic tracheotomy), and respiratory tract infections were the factors impacting mechanical ventilation days of patients (ß=-0.300, 0.545, 0.163, 0.005, 0.487, 0.799, -0.791, -0.736, 0.300, 95% CI=-0.565--0.034, 0.145-0.946, 0.051-1.188, 0.001-0.009, 0.127-0.847, 0.436-1.162, -1.075--0.508, -1.243--0.229, 0.005-0.605, P<0.1). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that smoke inhalation, severe inhalation injury, and respiratory tract infections were the independent risk factors impacting mechanical ventilation days of patients (ß=0.210, 0.495, 0.263, 95% CI=0.138-0.560, 0.143-0.848, 0.007-0.519, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Single factor logistic regression analysis showed that age, injury site, combined total burn area (10%-19%TBSA and 20%-29%TBSA), degree of inhalation injury (moderate and severe), tracheotomy (prophylactic tracheotomy and no tracheotomy), and mechanical ventilation were the factors impacting respiratory tract infections of patients (odds ratio=1.079, 0.815, 1.400, 1.331, 1.803, 1.958, 0.990, 0.320, 3.094, 95% CI=0.840-1.362, 0.641-1.044, 1.122-1.526, 1.028-1.661, 1.344-2.405, 1.460-2.612, 0.744-1.320, 0.241-0.424, 2.331-4.090, P<0.1). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that with mechanical ventilation was the independent risk factor impacting respiratory tract infections of patients (odds ratio=4.300, 95% CI=2.152-8.624, P<0.01). Conclusions: The patients with inhalation injuries combined with total burn area less than 30%TBSA are mainly young and middle-aged males. Smoke inhalation, degree of inhalation injury, with mechanical ventilation and respiratory tract infections are the factors that affect the outcomes of patients with inhalation injuries combined with total burn area less than 30%TBSA. Additionally, prophylactic tracheotomy shows its potential value in reducing respiratory tract infections in patients with moderate or severe inhalation injuries.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Lesão por Inalação de Fumaça , Superfície Corporal , Queimaduras/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Lesão por Inalação de Fumaça/epidemiologia
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