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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 443(Pt A): 130200, 2023 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36274548

RESUMO

In this study, a suite of Fe-rich biochars derived from Fenton-like treated digestate (Fe-BC) were fabricated under different pyrolysis temperatures (300, 500, and 800 °C), which were firstly utilized as peroxymonosulfate (PMS) activators for promoting digestate dewaterability with wide applicability. Results showed that compared to the Fe-BC300/Fe-BC500 + PMS treatments, Fe-BC800 + PMS process performed superior digestate dewaterability in which specific resistance to filtration reduction and water content reduction improved by > 12.5% and > 130%, respectively, under the optimal conditions. Mechanistic results demonstrated that in Fe-BC800 + PMS system, HO• and SO4•- oxidation played a pivotal role on promoted digestate dewaterability, while HO• and 1O2 oxidation was dominated in Fe-BC300/Fe-BC500 + PMS treatments. Fe-BC800 containing higher Fe and CO contents could efficiently interact with PMS to generate numerous HO• and SO4•- via iron cycle. These highly reactive oxygen species proficiently reduced the hydrophilic biopolymers, protein molecules, and amino acids in extracellular polymeric substances, leading to remarkable decrease in particle size, hydrophilicity, adhesion, network strength, and bound water of digestate. Consequently, the flowability and dewaterability of digestate could be significantly enhanced. The cost-benefit result indicated the Fe-BC + PMS treatment possessed desirable reusability, applicability, and economic viability. Collectively, the Fe-BC + PMS is a high-performance and eco-friendly technique for digestate dewatering, which opens a new horizon towards a closed-loop of digestate reutilization.


Assuntos
Ferro , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Ferro/química , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Esgotos/química , Anaerobiose , Peróxidos/química , Oxirredução , Água/química
2.
J Hazard Mater ; 443(Pt A): 130198, 2023 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36279648

RESUMO

Laccases are multicopper oxidases of significant importance for the degradation of phenolic pollutants. Because of the inherent defects of natural laccases in practical applications, herein, we discovered highly effective and non-cytotoxic laccase-like metallo-nanofibers based on the supramolecular assembly of single unnatural amino acid, benzophenone-alanine (BpA), in combination with copper ions. Structural analysis revealed that the catalytic BpA-Cu nanofibers possess a Cu(I)-Cu(II) electron transfer system similar to that in natural laccase. Our BpA-Cu nanofibers exhibit 4 times higher substrate affinity and 24% higher catalytic efficiency than the well-known high-performance industrialized laccase (Novozym 51003) in 2,4-dichlorophenol degradation. In addition, the BpA-Cu nanofibers were demonstrated to be stable (>75% residual activity) in long-term storage at a wide range of pH, ionic strength, temperature, ethanol, and water sample, and to be readily recovered for pollutant degradation, keeping 83% of the laccase activity after 10 catalytic recycles. Remarkably, the nanofibers displayed a wide substrate spectrum, detecting and degrading a variety of phenolic pollutants with high activity than other laccase mimics reported in the literature. Furthermore, the biocompatibility of the material was proved with cultured cells. These findings demonstrated the potential of BpA-Cu nanofibers in mimicking laccases for environmental remediation.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Lacase , Lacase/metabolismo , Cobre/química , Alanina , Fenóis/química , Benzofenonas
3.
Theriogenology ; 195: 122-130, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36332371

RESUMO

Taihang chickens are a domestic breed distributed throughout Hebei province in the Taihang Mountains of China and are characterized by their high meat and egg quality. However, the relatively limited egg production by this breed constrains their more widespread commercial utilization. The follicle selection process is closely linked to oocyte development and ovulation, making it a key determinant of laying performance and fecundity in hens. To understand the biological basis for such follicle selection and to identify the associated regulatory pathways, we conducted a genome-wide analysis of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) and mRNAs from the pre-hierarchical follicles and hierarchical follicles of Taihang laying hens. We identified 81 lncRNAs and 528 mRNAs that were differentially expressed during follicle selection, and integrated network analyses suggested that these RNAs were associated with the cell cycle, focal adhesion, oocyte meiosis, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor signaling, and steroid hormone biosynthesis pathways. The identified lncRNAs were also predicted to influence a series of target genes in cis and trans, suggesting that they may be important regulators of ovarian follicular development. Overall, the present analysis of lncRNA and mRNA expression patterns associated with ovarian follicle development offers a new foundation for future studies of reproductive physiology in Taihang chickens, highlighting new opportunities to improve the laying performance of this important domestic breed.


Assuntos
RNA Longo não Codificante , Animais , Feminino , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Galinhas/genética , Folículo Ovariano , Ovulação/genética
4.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(3): 485-491, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36018151

RESUMO

Recent studies have proposed three lymphatic drainage systems in the brain, that is, the glymphatic system, the intramural periarterial drainage pathway, and meningeal lymphatic vessels, whose roles in various neurological diseases have been widely explored. The glymphatic system is a fluid drainage and waste clearance pathway that utilizes perivascular space and aquaporin-4 protein located in the astrocyte endfeet to provide a space for exchange of cerebrospinal fluid and interstitial fluid. The intramural periarterial drainage pathway drives the flow of interstitial fluid through the capillary basement membrane and the arterial tunica media. Meningeal lymphatic vessels within the dura mater are involved in the removal of cerebral macromolecules and immune responses. After ischemic stroke, impairment of these systems could lead to cerebral edema, accumulation of toxic factors, and activation of neuroinflammation, while restoration of their normal functions can improve neurological outcomes. In this review, we summarize the basic concepts of these drainage systems, including drainage routes, physiological functions, regulatory mechanisms, and detection technologies. We also focus on the roles of lymphatic drainage systems in brain injury after ischemic stroke, as well as recent advances in therapeutic strategies targeting these drainage systems. These findings provide information for potential novel strategies for treatment of stroke.

5.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 913869, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36324753

RESUMO

This review aimed to summarize the evidence of elevated remnant cholesterol and the risks of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and to search for further guidance in clinical therapy. The lipids-lowering treatments such as statins and ezetimibe targeted on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) have always been the first-line therapy for ASCVD. However, even after statins or new lipid-lowering drugs lowered LDL-C to recommended concentrations, and with other risk factors well-controlled, such as high blood pressure, the risks of developing ASCVD remained. Remnant cholesterol (RC) referred to the cholesterol contained in all remnant lipoprotein particles, which was the cholesterol in the hydrolyzed very-low-density lipoprotein and intermediate-density lipoprotein in the fasting state, and the cholesterol in the chylomicron remnants in the postprandial state. Evidence from in vitro and animal pathogenic mechanisms studies, epidemiology, and genetic studies all indicated that RC played an important role in predicting the incidence of ASCVD. As a new indicator to reflect atherosclerosis, especially when LDL-C has been controlled to a recommended level, RC was considered as a priority treatment target for people at high risk of ASCVD. The use of statins, fibrates, APOC3 inhibitors, PCSK9 inhibitors, and omega-3 fatty acids to reduce RC levels in the plasma may provide long-term benefits. However, the standardized detection of RC was still controversial, and more studies on appropriate treatments of elevated RC are urgently needed. These positive trials may benefit more patients at high ASCVD risks worldwide in the future.

6.
Cell Oncol (Dordr) ; 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36331797

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Integrin alpha 2 (ITGA2, also known as CD49b or VLA-2) is the alpha subunit of a transmembrane receptor for collagens and related proteins. Previously, we found that ITGA2 may regulate immune cell infiltration in pancreatic cancer by inducing PD-L1 expression. As yet, however, whether ITGA2 regulates immune cell infiltration in pancreatic cancer by other mechanisms remains unclear. METHODS: RNA sequencing was performed to identify differentially expressed genes in ITGA2-silenced pancreatic cancer cells. Protein-protein interactions were detected via co-immunoprecipitation. The infiltration level of immune cells was assessed using an immunofluorescence staining assay. RESULTS: We found that ITGA2 can activate the cytosolic DNA-sensing pathway and promote STING expression in pancreatic cancer cells. In addition, we found that ITGA2 induces DNMT1 degradation by disrupting the interaction between DNMT1 and Kindlin2 in pancreatic cancer cells. As a DNA methyltransferase, we found that DNMT1 overexpression induced by ITGA2 silencing significantly up-regulated the methylation level of the STING gene promoter. Finally, ITGA2 silencing combined with DNMT1 inhibitor treatment induced immune cell infiltration in pancreatic cancer. CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that ITGA2 induces STING expression by interacting with DNMT1 and inducing the degradation of DNMT1. ITGA2 silencing combined with DNMT1 inhibitor treatment may be a novel therapeutic strategy for pancreatic cancer.

7.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 39(11): 1211-1215, 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36317205

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical significance of miRNA-146, OX-LDL and ROS in patients with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI). METHODS: 100 patients with POI were prospectively collected and 100 women with normal ovarian function were randomly selected as control group. Serum miRNA-146 expression level was detected by qRT-PCR and serum OX-LDL and ROS expression levels were detected by ELISA. Ovarian granulosa cells of mouse were transfected with miRNA-146 mimics or inhibitors, and then treated with OX-LDL. Cell viability, colony forming ability, apoptosis rate and toll like receptor 4 (TLR4)/nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) of pathway proteins were evaluated respectively. RESULTS: Compared with control group, the expression level of miRNA-146 in POI group was significantly lower, the expression level of OX-LDL and ROS were significantly higher, and the ovarian volume and peak systolic blood flow velocity of ovarian artery were significantly decreased in POI group. Upregulation of miRNA-146 expression had a protective effect on OX-LDL injured ovarian granulosa cells, as evidenced by increased ovarian granulosa cell viability and colony number, reduced apoptosis, and downregulation of TLR4/NF-κB expression. CONCLUSION: miRNA-146 can target downstream TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway affects oxidative stress and inflammatory response of POI induced by OX-LDL and ROS, and is expected to become a biomarker for early prediction of POI and a new target for treatment.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária , Humanos , Feminino , Camundongos , Animais , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/farmacologia , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/genética , Apoptose/genética
8.
Microorganisms ; 10(11)2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36363811

RESUMO

Two different qualities of pumpkin, cultivars G1519 and G1511, were grown in the same environment under identical management. However, their qualities, such as the contents of total soluble solids, starch, protein, and vitamin C, were significantly different. Do rhizospheric microbes contribute to pumpkin quality? To answer this question, this study investigated the soil microbial compositions in the rhizospheres of different quality pumpkin cultivars to determine the differences in these soil microbial compositions and thus determine how soil microbes may affect pumpkin quality. Firstly, a randomized complete block design with two pumpkin cultivars and three replications was performed in this study. The soil microbial compositions and structures in the rhizospheres of the two pumpkin cultivars were analyzed using a high-throughput sequencing technique. In comparison with the low-quality pumpkin cultivar (G1519), higher microbial diversity and richness could be found in the rhizospheres of the high-quality pumpkin cultivar (G1511). The results showed that there were significant differences in the soil bacterial and fungal community compositions in the rhizospheres of the high- and low-quality pumpkin cultivars. Although the compositions and proportions of microorganisms were similar in the rhizospheres of the two pumpkin cultivars, the proportions of Basidiomycota and Micropsalliota in the G1519 rhizosphere were much higher than those in the G1511 rhizosphere. Furthermore, the fungal phylum and genus Rozellomycota and Unclassified_p__Rozellomycota were unique in the rhizosphere of the high-quality pumpkin cultivar (G1511). All the above results indicate that soil microbes were enriched differentially in the rhizospheres of the low- and high-quality pumpkin cultivars. In other words, more abundant soil microbes were recruited in the rhizosphere of the high-quality pumpkin cultivar as compared to that of the low-quality cultivar. Rozellomycota and Unclassified_p__Rozellomycota may be functional microorganisms relating to pumpkin quality.

9.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 1022053, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36353499

RESUMO

Neurological diseases impose a tremendous and increasing burden on global health, and there is currently no curative agent. Puerarin, a natural isoflavone extracted from the dried root of Pueraria montana var. Lobata (Willd.) Sanjappa and Predeep, is an active ingredient with anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-apoptotic, and autophagy-regulating effects. It has great potential in the treatment of neurological and other diseases. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signal pathway is a crucial signal transduction mechanism that regulates biological processes such as cell regeneration, apoptosis, and cognitive memory in the central nervous system, and is closely related to the pathogenesis of nervous system diseases. Accumulating evidence suggests that the excellent neuroprotective effect of puerarin may be related to the regulation of the PI3K/Akt signal pathway. Here, we summarized the main biological functions and neuroprotective effects of puerarin via activating PI3K/Akt signal pathway in neurological diseases. This paper illustrates that puerarin, as a neuroprotective agent, can protect nerve cells and delay the progression of neurological diseases through the PI3K/Akt signal pathway.

10.
Am J Cancer Res ; 12(10): 4502-4519, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36381328

RESUMO

Tumor metastasis is the major cause of cancer mortality; therefore, it is imperative to discover effective therapeutic drugs for anti-metastasis therapy. In the current study, we investigated whether ivermectin (IVM), an FDA-approved antiparasitic drug, could prevent cancer metastasis. Colorectal and breast cancer cell lines and a cancer cell-derived xenograft tumor metastasis model were used to investigate the anti-metastasis effect of IVM. Our results showed that IVM significantly inhibited the motility of cancer cells in vitro and tumor metastasis in vivo. Mechanistically, IVM suppressed the expressions of the migration-related proteins via inhibiting the activation of Wnt/ß-catenin/integrin ß1/FAK and the downstream signaling cascades. Our findings indicated that IVM was capable of suppressing tumor metastasis, which provided the rationale on exploring the potential clinical application of IVM in the prevention and treatment of cancer metastasis.

11.
Front Med ; 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36385596

RESUMO

Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare congenital disease with genetic alterations in chromosome 15. Although genetic disorders and DNA methylation abnormalities involved in PWS have been investigated to a significant degree, other anomalies such as those in erythrocytes may occur and these have not been clearly elucidated. In the present study, we uncovered slight anemia in children with PWS that was associated with increased red blood cell (RBC) distribution width (RDW) and contrarily reduced hematocrit (HCT) values. Intriguingly, the increased ratio in RDW to HCT allowed sufficient differentiation between the PWS patients from the healthy controls and, importantly, with individuals exhibiting conventional obesity. Further morphologic examinations revealed a significant deformity in erythrocytes and mild hemolysis in PWS patients. Comprehensive mechanistic investigations unveiled compromised membrane skeletal assembly and membrane lipid composition, and revealed a reduced F-actin/G-actin ratio in PWS patients. We ascribed these phenotypic changes in erythrocytes to the observed genetic defects, including DNA methylation abnormalities. Our collective data allowed us to uncover RBC deformation in children with PWS, and this may constitute an auxiliary indicator of PWS in early childhood.

12.
Molecules ; 27(21)2022 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36364117

RESUMO

One of the main challenges of transmucosal drug delivery is that of enabling particles and molecules to move across the mucosal barrier of the mucosal epithelial surface. Inspired by nanovehicles and mucus-penetrating nanoparticles, a magnetically driven, mucus-inert Janus-type nanovehicle (Janus-MMSN-pCB) was fabricated by coating the zwitterionic polymer poly(carboxybetaine methacrylate) (pCB) on the mesoporous silica nanorod, which was grown on one side of superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticle using the sol-gel method. X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, vibrating sample magnetometry, and Fourier infrared spectroscopy were used to characterize the structure and morphology of the nanovehicles, proving the success of each synthesis step. The in vitro cell viability assessment of these composites using Calu-3 cell lines indicates that the nanovehicles are biocompatible in nature. Furthermore, the multiparticle tracking, Transwell® system, and cell imaging experimental results demonstrate that both the modification of pCB and the application of a magnetic field effectively accelerated the diffusion of the nanovehicles in the mucus and improved the endocytosis through Calu-3. The favorable cell uptake performance of Janus-MMSN-pCB in mucus systems with/without magnetic driving proves its potential role in the diagnosis, treatment, and imaging of mucosal-related diseases.


Assuntos
Muco , Nanopartículas , Muco/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/química , Dióxido de Silício/metabolismo , Polímeros/química , Magnetismo
13.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(21)2022 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36364498

RESUMO

This study aimed to modify EndoREZ with 2.5% dimethylaminododecyl methacrylate (DMADDM) and 1% magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) to study its sealing property, penetration and long-term antibacterial and therapeutic effect in the single-cone technique (SCT) compared with EndoREZ and iRoot SP. Thirty single-root human maxillary premolars were assigned into three groups and obturated with three different root canal sealers by SCT. Every specimen was then scanned using micro-CT to analyze void fraction, and void volumes and confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM) was used to study the dentin penetration. The long-term antimicrobial effects were tested in vitro before and after aging 1 and 4 weeks by the single-strain Enterococcus faecalis biofilm model. In addition, the beagle canine model of apical periodontitis (AP) was utilized to judge and compare the therapeutic effect of three sealers in SCT. The void fraction and void volumes of the modified root canal sealer were not significantly different from iRoot SP (p > 0.05) but were lower than EndoREZ (p < 0.05). The modified root canal sealant displayed a greater penetration, long-term antibacterial property, and treatment effect than the other groups (p < 0.05). This indicated that after being modified with DMADDM and MNP, it showed better performance in SCT.

14.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36351048

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA1) is the principal protein component of high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Although low HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) levels are known to be associated with greater cardiovascular risk, recent studies have also shown heightened mortality risk at very high HDL-C levels. AIM: To investigate the sex-specific association between elevated ApoA1 levels and adverse outcomes, and their genetic basis. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of United Kingdom Biobank participants without coronary artery disease at enrollment was performed. The primary exposure was serum ApoA1 levels. The primary and secondary outcome measures were cardiovascular and all-cause death, respectively. RESULTS: In 402,783 participants followed for a median of 12.1 years, there was a U-shaped relationship between ApoA1 levels and both cardiovascular as well as all-cause mortality, after adjustment for traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Individuals in the highest decile of ApoA1 levels (1.91-2.50 g/L) demonstrated higher cardiovascular (HR 1.21, 95% CI 1.07-1.37, P < 0.0022) and all-cause mortality (HR 1.14, 95% CI 1.07-1.21, P < 0.0001) compared to those within the lowest risk eighth decile (1.67-1.75 g/L). The U-shaped relationship was present in both sexes, though more pronounced in men. Sensitivity analyses showed that cardiovascular mortality rates were higher in those with greater alcohol intake (P < 0.004). Adjustment for polygenic variation associated with higher ApoA1 levels did not attenuate the effect of very high ApoA1 levels on mortality. In the sub-group with very elevated HDL-C levels (>80 mg/dL in men, > 100 mg/dL in women), there was no association between ApoA1 levels and mortality. CONCLUSION: Both very low, as well as very elevated ApoA1 levels are associated with higher cardiovascular and all-cause mortality.

15.
Redox Rep ; 27(1): 270-278, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36357965

RESUMO

Objectives: Caffeine has been shown to reduce the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). To investigate the protective mechanism of caffeine in a hyperoxia-based cell model of BPD in vitro.Methods: Type II alveolar epithelial cells (AECs II) were isolated and randomly divided into 6 groups: the normal, hyperoxia, caffeine (50 µM caffeine), antagonist (5 µM ZM241385), agonist (5 µM CGS21680), and DMSO groups. Transfection with siRNA against adenosine A2A receptor (siA2AR) was performed in AECs II.Results: Caffeine alone or in combination with adenosine A2A receptor (A2AR) antagonist inhibited apoptosis, promoted proliferation and reduced oxidative stress (OS). The cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), protein kinase A (PKA) mRNA, A2AR mRNA and the protein levels of A2AR, phospho-Src, phospho-ERK1/2, phospho-P38 and cleaved caspase-3 were decreased in the caffeine and antagonist groups compared with that in the hyperoxia group. However, the effects of caffeine above were weakened by the A2AR agonist. Knockdown of A2AR showed similar results to caffeine.Discussion: Caffeine can reduce apoptosis, promote proliferation, and alleviate OS in hyperoxia-induced AECs II injury by inhibiting the A2AR/cAMP/PKA/Src/ERK1/2/p38MAPK signaling pathway. Caffeine and A2AR may serve as a promising therapeutic target for BPD in prematurity.


Assuntos
Hiperóxia , Lesão Pulmonar , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Receptor A2A de Adenosina/genética , Receptor A2A de Adenosina/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de AMP Cíclico/farmacologia , Cafeína/farmacologia , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/farmacologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Hiperóxia/complicações , Hiperóxia/tratamento farmacológico , Transdução de Sinais , AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , AMP Cíclico/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/farmacologia
16.
Anal Methods ; 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36349883

RESUMO

Rapid and reliable detection and quantification of pesticide residues in complex matrices by surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) remain challenging due to the low level of target molecules and the interference of nontarget components. In this study, SERS was combined with dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) to develop a rapid and reliable method for the detection of organophosphorus pesticides (OPPs). In this method, DLLME was used to extract and enrich two representative OPPs (triazophos and parathion-methyl) from a liquid sample, and a portable Raman spectrometer was used to analyze the separated sediment using homemade gold nanoparticles colloids as enhancing substrates. The results showed that the developed method displayed good sensitivity and stability for the detection and quantification of triazophos and parathion-methyl with R2 ≥ 0.98. The calculated limits of detection (LODs) in the simultaneous detection of triazophos and parathion-methyl were 2.17 × 10-9 M (0.679 ppb) and 2.28 × 10-8 M (5.998 ppb), and the calculated limits of quantification (LOQs) were 7.23 × 10-9 M (2.26 ppb) and 7.62 × 10-8 M (19.098 ppb), respectively. Furthermore, the developed SERS method was successfully applied to the detection of triazophos and parathion-methyl in apple juice with recoveries between 78.07% and 110.87% and relative standard deviations (RSDs) ≤ 2.06%. Therefore, the developed DLLME facilitated liquid SERS method exhibited good sensitivity and stability for the rapid detection and quantification of OPPs and had the potential to be applied to the rapid detection of OPPs in complex matrices.

17.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36349965

RESUMO

Both herbivory and jasmonic acid (JA) activate the biosynthesis of defensive metabolites in maize, but the mechanism underlying this remains unclear. We generated maize mutants in which ZmMYC2a and ZmMYC2b, two transcription factor genes important in JA signaling, were individually or both knocked out. Genetic and biochemical analyses were used to elucidate the functions of ZmMYC2 proteins in the maize response to simulated herbivory and JA. Compared with the wild-type (WT) maize, the double mutant myc2ab was highly susceptible to insects, and the levels of benzoxazinoids and volatile terpenes, and the levels of their biosynthesis gene transcripts, were much lower in the mutants than in the WT maize after simulated insect feeding or JA treatment. Moreover, ZmMYC2a and ZmMYC2b played a redundant role in maize resistance to insects and JA signaling. Transcriptome and Cleavage Under Targets and Tagmentation-Sequencing (CUT&Tag-Seq) analysis indicated that ZmMYC2s physically targeted 60% of the JA-responsive genes, even though only 33% of these genes were transcriptionally ZmMYC2-dependent. Importantly, CUT&Tag-Seq and dual luciferase assays revealed that ZmMYC2s transactivate the benzoxazinoid and volatile terpene biosynthesis genes IGPS1/3, BX10/11/12/14, and TPS10/2/3/4/5/8 by directly binding to their promoters. Furthermore, several transcription factors physically targeted by ZmMYC2s were identified, and these are likely to function in the regulation of benzoxazinoid biosynthesis. This work reveals the transcriptional regulatory landscapes of both JA signaling and ZmMYC2s in maize and provides comprehensive mechanistic insight into how JA signaling modulates defenses in maize responses to herbivory through ZmMYC2s. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

18.
Autophagy ; 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36374269

RESUMO

Mcroautophagy/autophagy plays an important role in maintaining homeostasis during nutrient starvation. However, whether epitranscriptomic events are involved in this process remains unclear. Our recent findings suggest that m6A reader YTHDF3 has an essential role in autophagy induction. Elevated m6A modifications installed by METTL3 enable YTHDF3 to promote autophagosome formation and lysosomal function upon nutrient deficiency. This is due to YTHDF3 binding to the m6A modifications at the coding DNA sequence (CDS) and 3' untranslated region (UTR) around the stop codon of Foxo3 mRNA, recruiting EIF3A and EIF4B to facilitate FOXO3 translation, thus boosting autophagy. In this punctum, we discuss our finding for how YTHDF3 responds to nutrient starvation to promote autophagy flux, providing insights into RNA post-transcriptional modifications linking nutrient cues to autophagic upcycling.

19.
Mar Drugs ; 20(11)2022 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36355011

RESUMO

We successfully prepared a series of l-arginine Schiff bases acylated chitosan derivatives, aiming to improve the antioxidant activity and antimicrobial activity of chitosan by introducing a furan ring, pyridine ring, and l-arginine structure. The accuracy of the structures of ten compounds was characterized by FT-IR and 1H NMR. In terms of DPPH radical scavenging activity, except for compound CR3PCA, the scavenging rate of other compounds was higher than chitosan, especially CRCF and CRBF had strong scavenging abilities. At the same time, in the superoxide-radical scavenging activity assay, CRCF, CRBF, CR3PCA, CR2C3PCA, and CR2B3PCA were comparable to positive control at 1.60 mg/mL. Simultaneously, CRFF, CRCF, and CRBF had a certain inhibitory effect on Botrytis cinerea. Furthermore, the inhibitory effect of CRFF, CRCF, and CR3PCA on Staphylococcus aureus was very well, close to the positive control at 1.00 mg/mL. CRCF and CR2B3PCA showed better inhibitory effects on Escherichia coli than other compounds. The MTT assay was used to determine the cytotoxicity of the chitosan derivatives, which proved their safety to fibroblast cells. In summary, the study indicated that some of these compounds have the potential for further development and utilization in the preparation of antioxidants and antimicrobial agents.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Quitosana , Bases de Schiff/farmacologia , Bases de Schiff/química , Quitosana/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Escherichia coli , Arginina/farmacologia
20.
Arch Biochem Biophys ; 731: 109430, 2022 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36326546

RESUMO

Diabetic cardiovascular complication is a common systemic disease with high morbidity and mortality worldwide. We hypothesise that exosomes derived from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs-exos) can rescue these disorders and alleviate vascular remodeling in diabetes. Morphological, non-targeted metabolomics and 4D label-free proteomics techniques were used to analyze the aortas of db/m mice as normal control group (NCA), saline treated db/db mice (DMA), and hUCMSCs-exos treated db/db mice (DMTA), and to clarify the molecular mechanism of the protection of hUCMSCs-exos in vascular remodeling from a new point of view. The results showed that 74 metabolites were changed significantly in diabetic aortas, of which 15 were almost restored by hUCMSCs-exos. In proteomics, 30 potential targets such as Stromal cell-derived factor 2-like protein 1, Leukemia inhibitory factor receptor, Peroxisomal membrane protein and E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase MYCBP2 were detected. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway-based analysis showed that Central carbon metabolism in cancer and Galactose metabolism pathway were up-regulated to near normal by hUCMSCs-exos in metabolomics, with janus associated kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK-STAT) pathway displayed in proteomics. According to bioinformatics and integrated analysis, these targeted molecules of hUCMSCs-exos to attenuate the vascular remodeling were mainly associated with regulation of energy metabolism, oxidative stress, inflammation, and cellular communications. This study provided a reference for the therapy of diabetes-induced cardiovascular complications.


Assuntos
Exossomos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Exossomos/metabolismo , Cordão Umbilical , Proteômica , Remodelação Vascular , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Aorta
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