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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 318(Pt B): 117016, 2024 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37567427

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Jiawei-Xiaoyao pill (JWX), a traditional Chinese medicine, was recorded in ancient Chinese medicine pharmacopoeia using for treatment of various diseases, including mood disorders. Current mainstream antidepressants have a disadvantage in delayed onset of action. The rapid antidepressant potential of JWX and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: We aimed to assess the rapid antidepressant potential of JWX, within the prescription dose range, and the distinct underlying neuroplasticity signaling mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rapid antidepressant response of JWX were determined using various behavioral paradigms, and in a corticosterone (CORT)-induced depression model in mice. The molecular neuroplasticity signaling and the expression of BDNF in the hippocampus was evaluated using immunoblotting and immunostaining. The contribution of specific signaling was investigated using pharmacological interventions. RESULTS: A single dose of JWX induced rapid and persistent antidepressant effects in both the normal and chronic CORT-exposed mice. The phosphorylation of CaMKII, mTOR, ERK and the expressions of BDNF, synapsin1 and PSD95 increased at 30 min post JWX. JWX restored the expression of BDNF in the hippocampal dentate gyrus reduced by CORT-exposure. The rapid antidepressant effect and upregulation of BDNF expression by JWX was blunted by a mTOR antagonist, rapamycin, or a CaMKII antagonist, KN-93. CaMKII signaling blockade blunted mTOR signaling activated by JWX, but not vice versa. CONCLUSION: JWX elicits a rapid antidepressant effect, via quickly stimulating CaMKII signaling, subsequently activating mTOR-BDNF signaling pathway, and thus enhancing hippocampal neuroplasticity.


Assuntos
Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo , Proteína Quinase Tipo 2 Dependente de Cálcio-Calmodulina , Camundongos , Animais , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase Tipo 2 Dependente de Cálcio-Calmodulina/metabolismo , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Depressão/metabolismo , Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Antidepressivos/uso terapêutico , Antidepressivos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Hipocampo
2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 319(Pt 2): 117214, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37739108

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANC: Pyrolae herba (PH), a kind of Chinese herb, has been identified to have an anti-inflammatory effect, while the potential for treating cognitive impairment (CI), as well as the underlying mechanisms, is unclear. Currently, the interaction between neuroinflammation and neural function play a critical role in pathophysiology of CI. AIM OF THE STUDY: To elucidate therapeutic effect of PH for CI as well as its underlying mechanisms with LPS-treated mice model. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In this study, male C57BL6/J mice received lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection for 10 days to establish CI model and were administrated with PH for 14 days. We used piracetam as a positive control. Memory and spatial function was tested by Morris water maze (MWM). The level of inflammation-related cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-10, IL-6) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in serum and western blot in hippocampus. Immunofluorescence (IF) was used to measure the levels of ionized calcium binding linker molecule 1 (IBA-1), glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), BrdU, Ki67 and doublecortin (DCX) in hippocampus. The mRNA sequencing was used to screen the potential target of PH with therapeutic CI. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to determine the gene alteration of triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) in hippocampus. We used western blot to determine protein expressions of TREM2 and its related signaling, as well as synaptic proteins in hippocampus. RESULTS: The results revealed that LPS contributed to CI, and PH or piracetam treatment significantly ameliorated CI in MWM test. LPS contributed to increasing expressions of TNF-α and IL-1ß in serum and hippocampus, which both reversed by PH or piracetam. PH or piracetam could inhibit the activation of glial cells including microglia and astrocyte in the hippocampus in LPS-induced CI model. The mRNA sequencing and RT-PCR results showed that LPS significantly increased the gene expression of TREM2, which was reversed by PH. The alteration of TREM2 expression was the most significant among the 10 genes (TREM2, Slc24a2, Ptch2, Gck, Il1rapl1, Cadps2, Btbd11, Secisbp2l, Tenm3 and Prepl) in hippocampus. Protein results showed that LPS upregulated the expressions of TREM2 and its related proteins including DAP12, spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) phosphorylation and ADAM 10, which were all reversed by PH or piracetam in hippocampus. Furthermore, LPS was capable of reducing the expression of BrdU and DCX co-labeled positive cells in hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG), which was reversed only by PH. Moreover, PH or piracetam treatment significantly increased the expression of Ki67 and DCX co-labeled positive cells in hippocampal DG. The expression of synapsin1 was obviously decreased by LPS and was significantly reversed by PH or piracetam. CONCLUSIONS: PH could alleviate CI by suppressing the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines and mitigating astrocyte activity by restraining microglia's activation in hippocampus, further facilitating neurogenesis and proliferation, thereby enhancing pre-synaptic protein. This study highlighted on the clinical application of PH, which might promote the use of phytomedicine in CI patients.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Piracetam , Humanos , Camundongos , Masculino , Animais , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Doenças Neuroinflamatórias , Piracetam/farmacologia , Bromodesoxiuridina/metabolismo , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Disfunção Cognitiva/metabolismo , Hipocampo , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Neurogênese , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Receptores Imunológicos/metabolismo
3.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 319(Pt 2): 117259, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37783410

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Shuyu decoction (SYD), an effective traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), has been widely used for treating deficiency-related diseases for thousands of years. Meanwhile, exercise-induced fatigue (EF), a common physiological phenomenon observed in physical training, has been treated as a deficient condition in TCM for decades. Currently, not many studies have been conducted on the effect of SYD on EF and little is known about its underlying pharmacological mechanism. AIM OF THE STUDY: This current study was designed to assess the anti-fatigue roles of SYD and explore its effect on exercise-induced immune dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen rats were randomly divided into three groups: normal control (NC) group, model (M) group, and SYD group (27.8 g/kg). The M and SYD group were given treadmill training for 6 weeks. From the fourth week, the SYD group was administered SYD intragastrically for 3 consecutive weeks. After three weeks of treatment, the rats were anesthetized, and the blood and spleen tissue samples were dissected. The blood sample was devoted to the blood biochemical-related indicators, which were used to evaluate the anti-fatigue of SYD. The expression of Interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1ß, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), IL-17, CD3+, and CD4+ were detected by ELISA and the level of CD8+ of blood was measured through Flow Cytometry (FC). The histopathological changes of spleen tissue samples were determined by Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and an estimation of CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+ expression of spleen tissues were calculated through FC. RESULTS: Compared with the M group, the SYD group observed an increase in tensile force and the ratio of cortisol to testosterone (TTE/COR), whereas a reduction in the levels of lactic acid (LAC), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatine kinase (CK), (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05). ELISA experiments showed that SYD reduced the expressions of IL-6, IL-1ß, and TNF-α, IL-17 and increased the expression of IL-10 (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05). In the HE test, SYD treatment transformed the structure of the spleen. FC experiments further showed that SYD increased the expressions of CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+ in blood and spleen tissues (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that SYD can alleviate EF by improving inflammation and immunity. However, the relationship between inflammatory factors and the related immune response remains to be further investigated.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Interleucina-17 , Ratos , Animais , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Interleucina-6
4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 319(Pt 2): 117263, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37783411

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Mahuang-Lianqiao-Chixiaodou decoction (MLCD) is a traditional Chinese medicinal (TCM) formula recorded in the Treatise on Febrile Diseases. It is commonly used for clinical treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD). However, the potential mechanisms of MLCD intervention in AD combined with mental disorders behaviors such as anxiety and depression remain elusive and deserves further investigation. AIM OF THE STUDY: The study aims to observe the effect of MLCD on anxiety- and depression-like behaviors in AD mice and explore the possible neuroinflammatory mechanism of NOD-like receptor 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The chemical components of MLCD extracts were identified using UHPLC-MS. The AD mice were induced by 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene and treated with MLCD or mometasone furoate (MF, as a positive control) for 7 days. The pathological changes in their skin tissue and brain hippocampus were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining. Elevated plus-maze test (EPM), open field test (OFT), and the suspended tail (TST) were used to measure the anxiety- and depressive-like behaviors in AD mice. Expression of NLRP3 inflammasome-related proteins in brain hippocampus were measured by the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and western blotting (WB). RESULTS: We found that MLCD contain many active ingredients, including ephedrine, Forsythoside A, phillyrin, glycyrrhizic acid, etc. Both MLCD and MF alleviated skin lesions and promoted positive histopathological changes in the hippocampus of AD mince to varying degrees. MLCD however, could further increase their proportion of open arm entry times (Oentries%) in EPM, residence time in the central area (Ctime) and the proportion of the number of times in the central area (Centries%) in OFT significantly. MLCD also reduces their immobility time in TST considerably. Mechanistically, MLCD downregulated the relative mRNA expression and protein level of NLRP3, Caspase-1, IL-1ß, and IL-18 in hippocampal tissue compared to the model group. CONCLUSIONS: MLCD can alleviate anxiety-like and depression-like behaviors in AD mice by intervening in the gene and protein expression of NLRP3 inflammasome-related factors, thus treating AD.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica , Transtornos Mentais , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Dermatite Atópica/induzido quimicamente , Dermatite Atópica/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas NLR
5.
Food Chem ; 436: 137730, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37862992

RESUMO

To produce quality dry red wines with high-acidity grapes of Vitis amurensis, an experiment was designed to adjust pH during winemaking by adding KHCO3 at two time points and two pH levels in conjunction with malolactic fermentation (MLF). The organic acids and volatiles were detected by HPLC and GC-MS separately, combing with the color characteristic and sensory evaluation, we investigated the quality of V.amurensis wines under pH adjustment. Results showed that the pH adjustment weakened the wine color slightly but helped to initiate MLF. The low pH value of alcoholic fermentation favored the development of esters and higher alcohols. Higher pH levels promoted a sufficient MLF and enhanced the global aroma levels by 1.14-1.25 times, which led to higher sensory scores. In conclusion, KHCO3 addition and MLF improved the quality of V. amurensis dry red wines, chemical addition after alcoholic fermentation was more effective for cold regions.


Assuntos
Vitis , Vinho , Vinho/análise , Etanol/análise , Odorantes/análise , Fermentação , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
6.
Sci Total Environ ; 908: 168287, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37924883

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported the impact of ambient air pollutants on assisted reproduction. They concentrated on highly polluted environments and individual pollutants. It is unclear whether these effects continue at lower levels and as mixed effects. We aimed to study the influence of lower pollutant concentrations on pregnancy rates and identify vulnerable populations. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study involving 9465 patients with infertility who received treatment from a local hospital between 2015 and 2021. Daily average levels of six pollutants (PM2.5, PM10, NO2, CO, SO2, and O3) were collected from air quality monitoring stations. We employed generalized linear regression models (logistic, linear, and lasso), weighted quantile sum (WQS) regression, and Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR) to assess the impact of pollutants on pregnancy rates. Additionally, stratified analyses were performed to identify potentially vulnerable populations. RESULTS: Findings from the generalized linear models revealed a significant negative correlation between interquartile range increment exposure to PM2.5 (OR = 1.17, 95 % CI = 1.09-1.26), PM10 (OR = 1.18, 95 % CI = 1.11-1.26), NO2 (OR = 1.21, 95 % CI = 1.13-1.30), CO (OR = 1.02, 95 % CI = 1.00-1.03), SO2 (OR = 1.11, 95 % CI = 1.05-1.17) and pregnancy rate when considering the effects of individual pollutants. The WQS index exhibited a negative correlation with pregnancy rates and the number of oocytes retrieved (aOR = 1.20, 95 % CI = 1.08-1.34). BKMR analyses indicated an overall significant trend of decreasing pregnancy rates as pollutant concentrations increased across percentiles. Stratified analysis unveiled heightened sensitivity to pollutants among individuals aged ≥35 years. CONCLUSIONS: By comparing results obtained from diverse models, we observed that exposure to lower levels of air pollutants led to decreased pregnancy rates. Notably, PM10, NO2, SO2, and CO emerged as the four most prominent pollutants in this context. Moreover, stratified analyses highlighted that individuals aged ≥35 years exhibited heightened susceptibility to pollutants.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Taxa de Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Teorema de Bayes , Poluição do Ar/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Material Particulado/análise , Reprodução , Tecnologia , China/epidemiologia
7.
Am J Rhinol Allergy ; 38(1): 23-30, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37936308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Frontal sinus surgery remained a challenge of restenosis or obliteration of the drainage pathway caused by the scarring and neo-osteogenesis after mucosal stripping and bone drill-out. The pedicled or free nasal mucosal flap is typically used to repair the exposed bone surface to avoid or reduce recurrence. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the histopathological mechanism of mucosal flaps repairing bare bone after mucosal resection and bone drill-out in the rabbit model. METHODS: Thirty New Zealand white rabbits were used. Sixteen rabbits were selected as the experimental group, and Staphylococcus aureus was used to establish the CRS model (CRS group). Fourteen healthy rabbits were allocated to the control group (NCRS group). Each group was divided into two subgroups with or without mucosal flap repair (CRS-FLAP, CRS-NFLAP, NCRS-FLAP, and NCRS-NFLAP, respectively). The bony anterior and lateral walls of the maxillary sinus of each rabbit were abraded by the drill. The bare bone was then covered with a flap in FLAP subgroups. Bone remodeling and mucosal morphological changes were observed and compared by histopathological hematoxylin and eosin and Masson staining. RESULTS: In the CRS-NFLAP subgroup, the regenerated epithelium lacked typical structure, accompanied by numerous inflammatory cell infiltration and collagen deposition. Conversely, the inflammatory reaction was mild in the CRS-FLAP subgroup, and there was less collagen deposition. The restored mucosal structure was like the normal mucosa. The epithelium in the NCRS-NFLAP subgroup was partially exfoliated, with few cilia, goblet cells, and glandular structures. Compared with the NCRS-NFLAP subgroup, the CRS-NFLAP subgroup showed significant bone remodeling with enhanced activity of osteoblast and osteoclast cells. CONCLUSIONS: Pedicled mucosal flap repair could significantly reduce local mucosal and bone remodeling in a rabbit model of CRS.


Assuntos
Rinite , Sinusite , Coelhos , Animais , Rinite/patologia , Sinusite/patologia , Mucosa Nasal/patologia , Seio Maxilar/cirurgia , Colágeno/metabolismo
8.
Ambio ; 53(1): 168-179, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37684552

RESUMO

The consequences of relying on solid fuels are disproportionately borne by minorities, the marginalized, and rural communities. However, the social disparities in transitioning from polluting energy to clean energy are not well understood. We track changes in the main energy source used for cooking among Chinese households between 2010 and 2018. We find that the proportion of households who rely on clean energy increased from 53.7% in 2010 to 80.1% in 2018. We detect substantial disparities in clean energy use between rural and urban areas, across regions, and between ethnic minorities and the Han majority. Urban status, regional variations, and household characteristics entirely accounted for the observed ethnic differences in clean energy use. Over time, disparities across rural-urban, regional, and ethnic boundaries declined, and household characteristics became irrelevant to the ethnic differences. Therefore, China's efforts to mitigate the imbalance in socioeconomic development also reduced ethnic inequalities in clean energy use.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados , População Rural , Humanos , Características da Família , China , Culinária , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise
9.
iScience ; 26(12): 108175, 2023 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38047071

RESUMO

Computational pathology for gigapixel whole-slide images (WSIs) at slide level is helpful in disease diagnosis and remains challenging. We propose a context-aware approach termed WSI inspection via transformer (WIT) for slide-level classification via holistically modeling dependencies among patches on WSI. WIT automatically learns feature representation of WSI by aggregating features of all image patches. We evaluate classification performance of WIT and state-of-the-art baseline method. WIT achieved an accuracy of 82.1% (95% CI, 80.7%-83.3%) in the detection of 32 cancer types on the TCGA dataset, 0.918 (0.910-0.925) in diagnosis of cancer on the CPTAC dataset, and 0.882 (0.87-0.890) in the diagnosis of prostate cancer from needle biopsy slide, outperforming the baseline by 31.6%, 5.4%, and 9.3%, respectively. WIT can pinpoint the WSI regions that are most influential for its decision. WIT represents a new paradigm for computational pathology, facilitating the development of digital pathology tools.

10.
Front Microbiol ; 14: 1257164, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37928668

RESUMO

Coffee is an important cash crop worldwide, but it has been plagued by serious continuous planting obstacles. Intercropping with Areca catechu could alleviate the continuous planting obstacle of coffee due to the diverse root secretions of Areca catechu. However, the mechanism of Areca catechu root secretion in alleviating coffee continuous planting obstacle is still unclear. The changes of coffee rhizosphere soil microbial compositions and functions were explored by adding simulated root secretions of Areca catechu, the primary intercropping plant species (i.e., amino acids, plant hormone, organic acids, phenolic acids, flavonoids and sugars) in current study. The results showed that the addition of coffee root exudates altered soil physicochemical properties, with significantly increasing the availability of potassium and organic matter contents as well as promoting soil enzyme activity. However, the addition of plant hormone, organic acids, or phenolic acids led to a decrease in the Shannon index of bacterial communities in continuously planted coffee rhizosphere soil (RS-CP). The inclusion of phenolic acids specifically caused the decrease of fungal Shannon index. Plant hormone, flavonoids, phenolic acids, and sugars increased the relative abundance of beneficial bacteria with reduced bacterial pathogens. Flavonoids and organic acids increased the relative abundance of potential fungal pathogen Fusarium. The polyphenol oxidase, dehydrogenase, urease, catalase, and pH were highly linked with bacterial community structure. Moreover, catalase, pH, and soil-available potassium were the main determinants of fungal communities. In conclusion, this study highlight that the addition of plant hormone, phenolic acids, and sugars could enhance enzyme activity, and promote synergistic interactions among microorganisms by enhancing the physicochemical properties of RS-CP, maintaining the soil functions in coffee continuous planting soil, which contribute to alleviate the obstacles associated with continuous coffee cultivation.

11.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 23(1): 764, 2023 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37907870

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To construct and validate a nomogram model for predicting clinical pregnancy in individuals with endometriosis undergoing fersh embryo transfer (ET). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 1630 individuals with endometriosis who underwent in vitro fertilization (IVF) with fresh embryo transfer at the Reproductive Medicine Center of Fujian Maternity and Child Health Hospital from January 2018 to January 2022. The research population was sorted into two groups through random sampling, namely, the model group (n = 1141) and the validation group (n = 489), with a ratio of 7:3. Univariate analysis was utilized to determine the influencing factors for clinical pregnancy in the model group. The LASSO algorithm was utilized to select the optimal matching factors, which were then included in a multifactorial forward stepwise logistic regression to determine independent influencing factors and develop a nomogram. The discrimination, accuracy, and clinical efficacy of the prediction model were analyzed utilizing the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, calibration curve, and clinical decision curve. RESULTS: Through multivariate-logistic-regression analysis, these factors were identified as independent influencing factors for the clinical pregnancy in endometriosis patients undergoing fresh embryo transfer: female age (OR = 0.933, 95% CI = 0.902-0.965, P < 0.001), ASRM stage (OR = 0.384, 95% CI = 0.276-0.532, P < 0.001), postoperative to IVF duration (OR = 0.496, 95% CI = 0.356-0.688, P < 0.001), antral follicle count (AFC) (OR = 1.076, 95% CI = 1.013-1.161, P = 0.045), anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) (OR = 1.202, 95% CI = 1.073-1.35, P = 0.002), Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist protocol (OR = 1.536, 95% CI = 1.109-2.131, P = 0.01), number of oocytes retrieved (OR = 1.154, 95% CI = 1.067-1.249, P < 0.001), number of high-quality cleavage embryos (OR = 1.261, 95% CI = 1.164-1.369, P < 0.001), and number of embryos transferred (OR = 1.957, 95% CI = 1.435-2.679, P < 0.001). A prediction model for estimating the clinical pregnancy probability in individuals with endometriosis was constructed per these identified independent factors. The ROC showed an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.807 (95% CI = 0.782-0.832) in the model group and 0.800 (95% CI = 0.761-0.84) in the validation group. The Hosmer-Lemeshow test demonstrated no statistically significant difference between predicted and actual clinical pregnancy probabilities (P > 0.05). The clinical decision curve demonstrated that both the model and the validation groups achieved maximum net benefit at threshold probability values of 0.08-0.96 and 0.16-0.96, indicating good clinical efficacy within this range of threshold probabilities. CONCLUSION: Female age, ASRM stage, postoperative to IVF duration, stimulation protocol, AFC, AMH, number of oocytes retrieved, number of high-quality cleavage embryos and number of transferred embryos are independent influencing factors for the clinical pregnancy rate in individuals with endometriosis receiving fresh embryo transfer. The nomogram model based on these factors demonstrates good clinical predictive value and efficacy, providing a basis for clinical prognosis, intervention, and individualized medical treatment planning.


Assuntos
Endometriose , Criança , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Nomogramas , Indução da Ovulação/métodos , Transferência Embrionária , Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , Taxa de Gravidez
12.
Heliyon ; 9(11): e21011, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37920504

RESUMO

Aging is associated with gradual changes in liver structure, altered metabolites and other physiological/pathological functions in hepatic cells. However, its characterized phenotypes based on altered metabolites and the underlying biological mechanism are unclear. Advancements in high-throughput omics technology provide new opportunities to understand the pathological process of aging. Here, in our present study, both metabolomics and phosphoproteomics were applied to identify the altered metabolites and phosphorylated proteins in liver of young (the WTY group) and naturally aged (the WTA group) mice, to find novel biomarkers and pathways, and uncover the biological mechanism. Analysis showed that the body weights, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) increased in the WTA group. The grips decreased with age, while the triglyceride (TG) and cholesterol (TC) did not change significantly. The increase of fibrosis, accumulation of inflammatory cells, hepatocytes degeneration, the deposition of lipid droplets and glycogen, the damaged mitochondria, and deduction of endoplasmic reticulum were observed in the aging liver under optical and electron microscopes. In addition, a network of metabolites and phosphorylated proteomes of the aging liver was established. Metabolomics detected 970 metabolites in the positive ion mode and 778 metabolites in the negative ion mode. A total of 150 pathways were pooled. Phosphoproteomics identified 2618 proteins which contained 16621 phosphosites. A total of 164 pathways were detected. 65 common pathways were detected in two omics. Phosphorylated protein heat shock protein HSP 90-alpha (HSP90A) and v-raf murine viral oncogene homolog B1(BRAF), related to cancer pathway, were significantly upregulated in aged mice liver. Western blot verified that protein expression of MEK and ERK, downstream of BRAF pathway were elevated in the liver of aging mice. However, the protein expression of BRAF was not a significant difference. Overall, these findings revealed a close link between aging and cancer and contributed to our understanding of the multi-omics changes in natural aging.

13.
Front Immunol ; 14: 1270828, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37915573

RESUMO

With the rapidly evolving of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), it has shown remarkable clinical benefits in treating various cancers. However, immune-related adverse events (irAEs) remain a significant challenge in the management of patients undergoing immunotherapy. There are limited data about immunotherapy re-challenge in patients with renal clear cell cancer who had irAE in the initial ICI therapy. In this study, we reported the case of a patient with advanced renal clear cell cancer who developed serious irAEs but also achieved a partial remission of tumor after ICI combined with pazopanib in the first-line treatment. After intravenous methylprednisolone therapy for two weeks, the patient fully recovered from treatment-related toxicities. After a multidisciplinary treatment (MDT) discussion and a communication with the patient, the decision was made to undergo a new fully humanized programmed death 1 (PD-1) agent, zimberelimab, combined with pazopanib for immune restart therapy. After two cycles of treatment, the patient demonstrated a partial response (PR), and the disease remained in continuous remission without any irAE at our last follow-up after 14 months' treatment. Re-challenging with immunotherapy after irAEs is an emerging strategy that offers the potential for additional clinical benefits to previously responding patients. However, careful patient selection and monitoring are essential to maximize the safety and efficacy of this approach.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/efeitos adversos , Indazóis , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico
14.
Fitoterapia ; 172: 105721, 2023 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37931718

RESUMO

Five new biflavonoids, diphybiflavonoids A - E (1-5), were isolated from the roots and rhizomes of Diphylleia sinensis. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic data, including UV, IR, HR-ESI-MS and 2D NMR. Their absolute configurations were determined by ECD spectra. All isolated compounds were evaluated for acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activity. Compounds 1-4 exhibited the potent AChE inhibitory activities with IC50 values of 1.62, 2.10, 2.08, and 5.15 µM, respectively. The preliminary structure-activity relationship study indicated that the connection mode (C2-O-C4'''/C3-O-C3''' or C2-O-C3'''/C3-O-C4''') of biflavonoid subunits, and 3-hydroxy group of flavonol subunit were important structural factors for AChE inhibitory activity. Biflavonoids, containing a C2-O-C4'''/C3-O-C3''' or C2-O-C3'''/C3-O-C4''' linkage, can be a potentially useful platform for development of cholinesterase inhibitors.

15.
Dalton Trans ; 52(45): 16911-16919, 2023 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37927054

RESUMO

The catalytic activity of a transition metal (host) oxide can be influenced by doping with a second cation (dopant), but the key factors dominating the activity of the doped catalyst are still controversial. Herein, CeO2 doped with Ni, Mn, and Y catalysts prepared using aerosol pyrolysis were used to demonstrate the positive, negative, and additive effects on CO oxidation as a model reaction. Various characterization results indicated that Ni, Mn, and Y had been successfully doped into the CeO2 lattice. The catalytic activities of each catalyst for CO conversion were in the order of Ni-CeO2 > Mn-CeO2 > CeO2 > Y-CeO2. Operando DRIFTS-MS and various characterization methods were applied to reveal the intrinsic nature of the doping effects. The accumulation rate of the surface bidentate carbonates determined the CO oxidation. A definition to evaluate the doping effect was proposed, which is anticipated to be useful for developing a rational catalyst with a high CO oxidation activity. The CO oxidation reactivities displayed strong correlations with the surface factors obtained from operando DRIFTS-MS analysis and the structure factors from XPS and Raman analyses.

16.
Poult Sci ; 103(1): 103224, 2023 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37980753

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of Lactobacillus salivarius (L. salivarius) SNK-6 supple-mentation on the laying performance, egg quality, blood parameters, intestinal morphology, and cecal microbial community of laying hens. A total of 432 healthy 30-wk-age laying hens were randomly divided into 3 groups with 6 replicates under the same husbandry and dietary regimes: control (CON); 2.0 × 108 CFU/kg L. salivarius supplementation (T1); 2.0 × 109 CFU/kg L. salivarius supplementation (T2). The experiment lasted for 10 wk. The results indicated that the supplementation resulted in a significant reduction in the broken egg and unqualified egg ratios, and a significant increase in the eggshell strength, eggshell relative weight, albumen height, and Haugh units (P < 0.05). The L. salivarius-treated hens exhibited significantly reduced serum malondialdehyde levels (P < 0.05); significantly increased total protein, phosphorus, calcitonin, and immunoglobulin M (P < 0.05); significantly increased cecal secretory immunoglobulin A concentration (P < 0.05); significantly improved villus height (VH) in the duodenum and VH to crypt depth ratio in the jejunum (P < 0.05). The serum globulin and interleukin-1ß, immunoglobulin G concentrations, and catalase activity significantly increased in T2 (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the serum interferon-α level in T1 was significantly higher than that of the CON (P < 0.05). The intestinal barrier-related mRNA gene ZO-1, CLDN1, and MUC2 expression in the jejunum was significantly upregulated in the T1 and T2 groups (P < 0.05). The Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio was higher and the relative abundances of Flavonifractor and Clostridiales_noname were significantly higher in the T1 group (P < 0.05). In conclusion, dietary supplementation with L. salivarius SNK-6 may improve hen egg quality, serum antioxidant capacity, immune function, and intestinal health.

17.
Endocr Connect ; 2023 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37988456

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the role of mitochondrial-related protein Mfn2 in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and its impact on oocyte development. The pathological features of PCOS model mice were confirmed by HE staining and immunohistochemistry. The expression of Mfn2 and mitochondrial-related proteins in PCOS oocytes and granulosa cells was detected by qRT-PCR and Western blot. Mitochondrial quantity was measured by mito-tracker staining, and the structure of Mitochondria-associated ER membranes (MAMs) was observed by transmission electron microscopy. The results showed that Mfn2 was significantly downregulated in PCOS oocytes and granulosa cells, and its expression was inhibited in oocytes at different developmental stages. Moreover, the structure of MAMs was also disrupted. Downregulation of Mfn2 expression led to a reduction in mitochondrial quantity in oocytes and granulosa cells, as well as disruption of MAMs structure, while overexpression of Mfn2 had the opposite effect. In conclusion, this study indicates that Mfn2 affects the development of PCOS oocytes by regulating MAMs and may be involved in maintaining the stability of MAMs structure and function, thereby affecting mitochondrial quantity and function. These findings provide new insights into the pathogenesis and treatment of PCOS.

18.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 13(21)2023 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37947699

RESUMO

Spectral imaging technology, which aims to capture images across multiple spectral channels and create a spectral data cube, has been widely utilized in various fields. However, conventional spectral imaging systems face challenges, such as slow acquisition speed and large size. The rapid development of optical metasurfaces, capable of manipulating light fields versatilely and miniaturizing optical components into ultrathin planar devices, offers a promising solution for compact hyperspectral imaging (HSI). This study proposes a compact snapshot compressive spectral imaging (SCSI) system by leveraging the spectral modulations of metasurfaces with dual-channel switchable metasurface filters and employing a deep-learning-based reconstruction algorithm. To achieve compactness, the proposed system integrates dual-channel switchable metasurface filters using twisted nematic liquid crystals (TNLCs) and anisotropic titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanostructures. These thin metasurface filters are closely attached to the image sensor, resulting in a compact system. The TNLCs possess a broadband linear polarization conversion ability, enabling the rapid switching of the incidence polarization state between x-polarization and y-polarization by applying different voltages. This polarization conversion facilitates the generation of two groups of transmittance spectra for wavelength-encoding, providing richer information for spectral data cube reconstruction compared to that of other snapshot compressive spectral imaging techniques. In addition, instead of employing classic iterative compressive sensing (CS) algorithms, an end-to-end residual neural network (ResNet) is utilized to reconstruct the spectral data cube. This neural network leverages the 2-frame snapshot measurements of orthogonal polarization channels. The proposed hyperspectral imaging technology demonstrates superior reconstruction quality and speed compared to those of the traditional compressive hyperspectral image recovery methods. As a result, it is expected that this technology will have substantial implications in various domains, including but not limited to object detection, face recognition, food safety, biomedical imaging, agriculture surveillance, and so on.

19.
Opt Lett ; 48(22): 6000-6003, 2023 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37966773

RESUMO

Controlling the bandwidth and directionality of thermal emission is important for a broad range of applications, from imaging and sensing to energy harvesting. Here, we propose a new, to the best of our knowledge, type of long-wavelength infrared narrowband thermal emitter that is basically composed of aperiodic Tamm plasmon polariton structures. Compared to the thermal emitter based on periodic structures, more parameters need to be considered. An inverse design algorithm instead of traditional forward methodologies is employed to do the geometric parameter optimization. Both theoretical and experimental results show that the thermal emitter exhibits a narrowband thermal emission peak at the wavelength of 8.6 µm in the normal direction. The angular response of emission properties of the thermal emitter is dependent on the emission angle. We believe that our proposed thermal emitter provides an alternative for low-cost, high-effective narrowband mid-infrared light sources and would have a great potential in many applications.

20.
Microbiome ; 11(1): 253, 2023 11 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37974296

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The within-species diversity of symbiotic bacteria represents an important genetic resource for their environmental adaptation, especially for horizontally transmitted endosymbionts. Although strain-level intraspecies variation has recently been detected in many deep-sea endosymbionts, their ecological role in environmental adaptation, their genome evolution pattern under heterogeneous geochemical environments, and the underlying molecular forces remain unclear. RESULTS: Here, we conducted a fine-scale metagenomic analysis of the deep-sea mussel Gigantidas platifrons bacterial endosymbiont collected from distinct habitats: hydrothermal vent and methane seep. Endosymbiont genomes were assembled using a pipeline that distinguishes within-species variation and revealed highly heterogeneous compositions in mussels from different habitats. Phylogenetic analysis separated the assemblies into three distinct environment-linked clades. Their functional differentiation follows a mosaic evolutionary pattern. Core genes, essential for central metabolic function and symbiosis, were conserved across all clades. Clade-specific genes associated with heavy metal resistance, pH homeostasis, and nitrate utilization exhibited signals of accelerated evolution. Notably, transposable elements and plasmids contributed to the genetic reshuffling of the symbiont genomes and likely accelerated adaptive evolution through pseudogenization and the introduction of new genes. CONCLUSIONS: The current study uncovers the environment-driven evolution of deep-sea symbionts mediated by mobile genetic elements. Its findings highlight a potentially common and critical role of within-species diversity in animal-microbiome symbioses. Video Abstract.


Assuntos
Fontes Hidrotermais , Mytilidae , Animais , Filogenia , Mytilidae/genética , Mytilidae/microbiologia , Bactérias , Ecossistema , Metano/metabolismo , Simbiose
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