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1.
Cancer Med ; 13(13): e7424, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38988047

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Minichromsome maintenance proteins family member 8 (MCM8) assists DNA repair and DNA replication. MCM8 exerts tumor promotor function in multiple digestive system tumors. MCM8 is also considered as a potential cancer therapeutic target. METHODS: Bioinformatics methods were used to analyze MCM8 expression and clinicopathological significance. MCM8 expression was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining and qRT-PCR. MCM8 functions in GC cell were explored by Celigo cell counting, colony formation, wound-healing, transwell, and annexin V-APC staining assays. The target of MCM8 was determined by human gene expression profile microarray. Human phospho-kinase array kit evaluated changes in key proteins after ribosomal protein S15A (RPS15A) knockdown. MCM8 functions were reassessed in xenograft mouse model. IHC detected related proteins expression in mouse tumor sections. RESULTS: MCM8 was significantly upregulated and predicted poor prognosis in GC. High expression of MCM8 was positively correlated with lymph node positive (p < 0.001), grade (p < 0.05), AJCC Stage (p < 0.001), pathologic T (p < 0.01), and pathologic N (p < 0.001). MCM8 knockdown inhibited proliferation, migration, and invasion while promoting apoptosis. RPS15A expression decreased significantly after MCM8 knockdown. It was also the only candidate target, which ranked among the top 10 downregulated differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in sh-MCM8 group. RPS15A was identified as the target of MCM8 in GC. MCM8/RPS15A promoted phosphorylation of P38α, LYN, and p70S6K. Moreover, MCM8 knockdown inhibited tumor growth, RPS15A expression, and phosphorylation of P38α, LYN, and p70S6K in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: MCM8 is an oncogene and predicts poor prognosis in GC. MCM8/RPS15A facilitates GC progression.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas Ribossômicas , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Proteínas Ribossômicas/metabolismo , Proteínas Ribossômicas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Animais , Camundongos , Prognóstico , Feminino , Masculino , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Progressão da Doença , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Manutenção de Minicromossomo/metabolismo , Proteínas de Manutenção de Minicromossomo/genética , Apoptose , Camundongos Nus , Movimento Celular , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética
2.
Animals (Basel) ; 14(13)2024 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38997981

RESUMO

Trichomonas gallinae (T. gallinae) is a flagellated protozoan and the causative agent of trichomoniasis, or canker, in birds. In the current study, the prevalence of T. gallinae was firstly investigated in five breeds. According to the results of the prevalence study, White King pigeons were selected as the experimental animals. A total of 135 White King squabs at one day of age were randomly divided into two groups and raised in separate isolators. The challenged group (N = 100) was challenged intranasally with 5 × 106 parasites/mL of the T. gallinae strain, and the control group (N = 35) was intranasally administered medium of equivalent volume. At 1, 2, 3 and 5 days post infection (DPIs), the crops and esophagi were collected for RNA extraction and formaldehyde fixation. The results showed that prevalence of T. gallinae in the five breeds ranged from 27.13% (White Carneau) to 43.14% (White King). After the challenge, mild microscopic lesions were observed in both tissues. Apoptosis rates were higher in the challenged group than in the control group at 2 and 5 DPIs in the crop and at 1, 2 and 7 DPIs in the esophagus. For both tissues, relative expression of IL-1ß increased dramatically at the beginning and decreased at 5 DPIs, and TGF-ß increased stably in the challenged group.

3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 60(58): 7503-7506, 2024 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38946591

RESUMO

Three iridium(III) complexes were designed with the purpose of elucidating the photo-physicochemical properties of iridium(III) complexes with narrow band gap at the electronic level. This study indicates that increasing the ligand rigidity and electron delocalization of the compounds can suppress the ring-stretching vibrations of the iridium(III) complex, thus improving their photo-chemical activity and photocytotoxicity.

4.
Hepatol Int ; 2024 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39003652

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The specific CT-related skeletal muscle parameters predictive of postoperative survival in liver transplant (LT) patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unclear. There is increasing evidence supporting the role of fatty acids and their lipid intermediates in regulating skeletal muscle mass and function, the relationship between lipoprotein subfractions and body composition remains unclear. METHODS: Adult patients with HCC who underwent LT between January 2015 and September 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. CT parameters, including skeletal muscle index (SMI), psoas muscle index (PMI), skeletal muscle density (SMD), visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue (VAT and SAT), and the VAT/SAT ratio at the L3 level, and lipid profiles, were assessed prior to LT. RESULTS: Of the 284 LT patients with HCC, 224 underwent CT (L3 level) within 3 months of LT, and 82 (37%) were diagnosed with myosteatosis. Patients with myosteatosis exhibited significantly lower 1- and 3-year survival rates (p = 0.002, p = 0.01), a trend persisting even beyond the Milan criteria (p = 0.004, p = 0.04). After adjusting for covariates, SMD demonstrated a significant negative correlation with post-transplant survival (HR: 0.90, [95% Confidence Interval(CI): 0.83-0.98], C-statistic: 0.78, p = 0.009). Pearson's correlation analysis revealed a positive correlation between high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and apolipoprotein A1(ApoA1) levels and SMD. Multivariate stepwise regression analysis demonstrated that every 10 Hounsfield unit decrease in SMD was associated with a 0.16 mmol/L decrease in HDL-C and a 0.18 g/L decrease in ApoA1. CONCLUSION: Routine abdominal CT scans for assessing skeletal muscle density before LT were significantly associated with post-transplant mortality. Furthermore, abnormal HDL-C and ApoA1 levels before LT were associated with myosteatosis.

5.
RSC Adv ; 14(27): 19581-19585, 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38895521

RESUMO

A facile and efficient strategy for modular access to furo[3,2-c]chromen-4-ones using 4-hydroxycoumarin and ß-nitroalkenes via Lewis acid-catalyzed formal [3 + 2] annulation protocol is described. This reaction proceeds via cascade Michael addition/nucleophilic addition/elimination in the presence of Yb(OTf)3, which involves the formation of two new σ (C-C and C-O) bonds for the construction of a novel furan ring in a single operation. This protocol affords a variety of functional groups, thereby providing a practical and efficient method for the fabrication of a furo[3,2-c]chromen-4-one framework.

6.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 30(6): e14764, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38828629

RESUMO

AIMS: Neuropathic pain is a common chronic pain disorder, which is largely attributed to spinal central sensitization. Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II alpha (CaMKIIα) activation in the spinal dorsal horn (SDH) is a major contributor to spinal sensitization. However, the exact way that CaMKIIα-positive (CaMKIIα+) neurons in the SDH induce neuropathic pain is still unclear. This study aimed to explore the role of spinal CaMKIIα+ neurons in neuropathic pain caused by chronic constriction injury (CCI) and investigate the potential epigenetic mechanisms involved in CaMKIIα+ neuron activation. METHODS: CCI-induced neuropathic pain mice model, Sirt1loxP/loxP mice, and chemogenetic virus were used to investigate whether the activation of spinal CaMKIIα+ neurons is involved in neuropathic pain and its involved mechanism. Transcriptome sequence, western blotting, qRT-PCR, and immunofluorescence analysis were performed to assay the expression of related molecules and activation of neurons. Co-immunoprecipitation was used to observe the binding relationship of protein. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP)-PCR was applied to analyze the acetylation of histone H3 in the Scn3a promoter region. RESULTS: The expression of sodium channel Nav1.3 was increased and the expression of SIRT1 was decreased in the spinal CaMKIIα+ neurons of CCI mice. CaMKIIα neurons became overactive after CCI, and inhibiting their activation relieved CCI-induced pain. Overexpression of SIRT1 reversed the increase of Nav1.3 and alleviated pain, while knockdown of SIRT1 or overexpression of Nav1.3 promoted CaMKIIα+ neuron activation and induced pain. By knocking down spinal SIRT1, the acetylation of histone H3 in the Scn3a (encoding Nav1.3) promoter region was increased, leading to an increased expression of Nav1.3. CONCLUSION: The findings suggest that an aberrant reduction of spinal SIRT1 after nerve injury epigenetically increases Nav1.3, subsequently activating CaMKIIα+ neurons and causing neuropathic pain.


Assuntos
Neuralgia , Neurônios , Sirtuína 1 , Animais , Masculino , Camundongos , Proteína Quinase Tipo 2 Dependente de Cálcio-Calmodulina/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase Tipo 2 Dependente de Cálcio-Calmodulina/genética , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neuralgia/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Sirtuína 1/genética , Medula Espinal/metabolismo
7.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 136: 112386, 2024 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38850794

RESUMO

Epilepsy is a severe central nervous system disorder characterized by an imbalance between neuronal excitation and inhibition, resulting in heightened neuronal excitability, particularly within the hippocampus. About one-third of individuals with epilepsy experience difficult-to-manage seizures, known as refractory epilepsy. Epilepsy is closely linked to inflammatory immune response, with elevated levels of inflammatory mediators observed in individuals with this condition. This inflammation of the brain can lead to seizures of various types and is further exacerbated by the release of inflammatory factors, which heighten the excitability of peripheral neurons and worsen the progression of epilepsy. Pyroptosis is an inflammatory programmed cell death which has been shown to be involved in the pathological process of epilepsy. Inflammatory factors released during pyroptosis increase neuronal excitability and promote abnormal discharge in epilepsy, increasing susceptibility to epilepsy. This article provides an overview of the current knowledge on cell pyroptosis and its potential mechanisms, including both canonical and noncanonical pathways. Additionally, we discuss the potential mechanisms of pyroptosis occurrence in epilepsy and the potential therapeutic drugs targeting pyroptosis as a treatment strategy. In summary, this review highlights the promising potential of pyroptosis as a target for developing innovative therapies for epilepsy.


Assuntos
Epilepsia , Piroptose , Humanos , Epilepsia/metabolismo , Epilepsia/imunologia , Animais , Neurônios/metabolismo , Neurônios/patologia
8.
EJNMMI Res ; 14(1): 55, 2024 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38880858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies on single-target PET imaging of gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPR), prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA), or neurotensin receptor 1(NTR1) have been reported. However, the performance of these three targets in the progression of PCa remains unclear. Our study aims to compare the expression of GRPR, PSMA, and NTR1 in patients with prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN), prostate cancer (PCa), and lymph node metastasis. We synthesized molecular probes targeting the markers to achieve a non-invasive precise detection of PCa patients with PET/CT imaging. METHODS: In this study, the expression of GRPR, PSMA, and NTR1 was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in 34 PIN, 171 PCa, and 22 lymph node metastasis tissues of patients. The correlation between their expression and the clinicopathological parameters of PCa patients was assessed. Sixteen PCa patients with different Gleason scores (GS) underwent dual-tracer (68Ga-NOTA-RM26 and 68Ga-NOTA-PSMA617) PET/CT. RESULTS: In the PIN stage, the expression of GRPR was significantly higher than that of PSMA and NTR1 (P < 0.001), while NTR1 expression was significantly higher than PSMA and GRPR expression in primary PCa (P = 0.001). High PSMA expression in PCa patients was associated with shorter progression-free survival (P = 0.037) and overall survival (P = 0.035). PCa patients with high GS had higher tumor uptake of 68Ga-NOTA-PSMA617 than those with low GS (P = 0.001), while PCa patients with low GS had higher tumor uptake of 68Ga-NOTA-RM26 than those with high GS (P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study presents three novel biomarkers (PSMA, GRPR, and NTR1) as imaging agents for PET/CT, and may offer a promising approach for non-invasive precise detection and Gleason grade prediction of PCa patients.

9.
Nat Med ; 30(5): 1395-1405, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38693247

RESUMO

Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common motor disability in children. To ascertain the role of major genetic variants in the etiology of CP, we conducted exome sequencing on a large-scale cohort with clinical manifestations of CP. The study cohort comprised 505 girls and 1,073 boys. Utilizing the current gold standard in genetic diagnostics, 387 of these 1,578 children (24.5%) received genetic diagnoses. We identified 412 pathogenic and likely pathogenic (P/LP) variants across 219 genes associated with neurodevelopmental disorders, and 59 P/LP copy number variants. The genetic diagnostic rate of children with CP labeled at birth with perinatal asphyxia was higher than the rate in children without asphyxia (P = 0.0033). Also, 33 children with CP manifestations (8.5%, 33 of 387) had findings that were clinically actionable. These results highlight the need for early genetic testing in children with CP, especially those with risk factors like perinatal asphyxia, to enable evidence-based medical decision-making.


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Sequenciamento do Exoma , Heterogeneidade Genética , Humanos , Paralisia Cerebral/genética , Feminino , Masculino , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA/genética , Exoma/genética , Lactente , Testes Genéticos , Estudos de Coortes , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Recém-Nascido
10.
RSC Adv ; 14(24): 17178-17183, 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38808243

RESUMO

Cyclic N-sulfonyl aldimines are well-known aza-[2C]-synthons for various [2 + n] annulation reactions. Herein we describe a novel base mediated [2 + 1] annulation and a regioselective aziridine ring-opening reaction cascade, which provides an efficient and distinct synthetic strategy from readily available cyclic N-sulfonyl aldimines and α-carbonyl sulfonium salts leading to ß-amino ketone derivatives through the corresponding fused tri-substituted aziridines. This one-pot, two-step process involves formation of C-C and C-N bonds and subsequent cleavage of a C-N bond. The features of the developed reaction include the use of mild reaction conditions, broad substrate scope, and excellent yields. The synthetic utility of this approach was demonstrated by gram-scale operation and further product derivatizations.

11.
Poult Sci ; 103(7): 103783, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38713987

RESUMO

Heterosis has been widely utilized in chickens. The nonadditive inheritance of genes contributes to this biological phenomenon. However, the role of circRNAs played in the heterosis is poorly determined. In this study, we observed divergent heterosis for residual feed intake (RFI) between 2 crossbreds derived from a reciprocal cross between White Leghorns and Beijing You chickens. Then, circRNA landscape for 120 samples covering the hypothalamus, liver, duodenum mucosa and ovary were profiled to elucidate the regulatory mechanisms of heterosis. We detected that a small proportion of circRNAs (7.83-20.35%) were additively and non-additively expressed, in which non-additivity was a major inheritance of circRNAs in the crossbreds. Tissue-specific expression of circRNAs was prevalent across 4 tissues. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis revealed circRNA-mRNA co-expression modules associated with feed intake and RFI in the hypothalamus and liver, and the co-expressed genes were enriched in oxidative phosphorylation pathway. We further identified 8 nonadditive circRNAs highly correlated with 16 nonadditive genes regulating negative heterosis for RFI in the 2 tissues. Circ-ITSN2 was validated in the liver tissue for its significantly positive correlation with PGPEP1L. Moreover, the bioinformatic analysis indicated that candidate circRNAs might be functioned by binding the microRNAs and interacting with the RNA binding proteins. The integration of multi-tissue transcriptome firstly linked the association between tissue-specific circRNAs and the heterosis for feed intake and efficiency in chicken, which provide novel insights into the molecular mechanism underlying heterosis for feed efficiency. The validated circRNAs can act as potential biomarkers for predicting RFI and its heterosis.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Vigor Híbrido , RNA Circular , Animais , Galinhas/genética , Galinhas/metabolismo , Vigor Híbrido/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/veterinária , RNA Circular/genética , RNA Circular/metabolismo , Feminino , Ingestão de Alimentos/genética , Transcriptoma , Masculino
12.
J Biol Chem ; 300(6): 107376, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38762176

RESUMO

Liver fibrosis/cirrhosis is a pathological state caused by excessive extracellular matrix deposition. Sustained activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSC) is the predominant cause of liver fibrosis, but the detailed mechanism is far from clear. In this study, we found that long noncoding RNA Fendrr is exclusively increased in hepatocytes in the murine model of CCl4- and bile duct ligation-induced liver fibrosis, as well as in the biopsies of liver cirrhosis patients. In vivo, ectopic expression of Fendrr aggravated the severity of CCl4-induced liver fibrosis in mice. In contrast, inhibiting Fendrr blockaded the activation of HSC and ameliorated CCl4-induced liver fibrosis. Our mechanistic study showed that Fendrr binds to STAT2 and enhances its enrichment in the nucleus, which then promote the expression of interleukin 6 (IL-6), and, ultimately, activates HSC in a paracrine manner. Accordingly, disrupting the interaction between Fendrr and STAT2 by ectopic expression of a STAT2 mutant attenuated the profibrotic response inspired by Fendrr in the CCl4-induced liver fibrosis. Notably, the increase of Fendrr in patient fibrotic liver is positively correlated with the severity of fibrosis and the expression of IL-6. Meanwhile, hepatic IL-6 positively correlates with the extent of liver fibrosis and HSC activation as well, thus suggesting a causative role of Fendrr in HSC activation and liver fibrosis. In conclusion, these observations identify an important regulatory cross talk between hepatocyte Fendrr and HSC activation in the progression of liver fibrosis, which might represent a potential strategy for therapeutic intervention.


Assuntos
Hepatócitos , Interleucina-6 , Cirrose Hepática , RNA Longo não Codificante , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Animais , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/genética , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Humanos , Camundongos , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/genética , Masculino , Células Estreladas do Fígado/metabolismo , Células Estreladas do Fígado/patologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT2/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT2/genética , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Tetracloreto de Carbono/toxicidade
13.
Plant Cell Rep ; 43(6): 157, 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38819475

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: CmMYB308 was identified as a key regulator in chrysanthemum flower color variation from purple to pink by conducting transcriptome and metabolome analysis. CmMYB308 can inhibit anthocyanin biosynthesis by suppressing the expression of CmPAL, CmC4H, and Cm4CL. Flower color variation is a widespread natural occurrence that plays a significant role in floral breeding. We discovered a variation in the flower of the chrysanthemum cultivar 'Dante Purple' (abbreviated as 'DP'), where the flower color shifted from purple to pink. We successfully propagated these pink flowers through tissue culture and designated them as DPM. By conducting transcriptome and metabolome analysis, we identified a reduction in the expression of critical genes involved in anthocyanin biosynthesis-CmPAL, CmC4H, and Cm4CL-in the DPM. This downregulation led to an accumulation of phenylalanine and cinnamic acid within the general phenylpropanoid pathway (GPP), which prevented their conversion into cyanidin and cyanidin 3-glucoside. As a result, the flowers turned pink. Additional transformation and biochemical experiments confirmed that the upregulation of CmMYB308 gene expression in the DPM directly suppressed CmPAL-1 and CmC4H genes, which indirectly affected Cm4CL-3 expression and ultimately inhibited anthocyanin biosynthesis in the DPM. This study offers a preliminary insight into the molecular mechanism underlying chrysanthemum flower color mutation, paving the way for genetic improvements in chrysanthemum flower color breeding.


Assuntos
Antocianinas , Chrysanthemum , Flores , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Pigmentação , Proteínas de Plantas , Chrysanthemum/genética , Chrysanthemum/metabolismo , Flores/genética , Flores/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Antocianinas/metabolismo , Pigmentação/genética , Transcriptoma/genética , Metabolômica/métodos , Metaboloma/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Cor , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
14.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1374522, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584914

RESUMO

Background: Mobile phone addiction has adverse influences on the physical and mental health of college students. However, few studies shed light on the effect of fear of missing out on mobile phone addiction and the underlying mechanisms among college students. Methods: To explore their associations, the present study used the Fear of Missing Out Scales (FoMOS), Loneliness Scale (USL-8), Mobile Phone Addiction Index Scale (MPAI), and Depression-Anxiety-Stress Questionnaire (DASS-21) to investigate 750 college students. Results: The results suggested that fear of missing out significantly positively predicted mobile phone addiction. This direct effect could be mediated by depression, and the indirect effect of fear of missing out on mobile phone addiction could be moderated by loneliness. Specifically, the indirect effect was stronger for students with high levels of loneliness. Conclusion: This study provides a theoretical basis for developing future interventions for mobile phone addiction in higher education students.


Assuntos
Depressão , Solidão , Humanos , Medo , Estudantes , Dependência de Tecnologia
15.
Int J Reprod Biomed ; 22(1): 31-42, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38544669

RESUMO

Background: Precocious puberty (PP) involves early activation of the hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) generator. The RFamide-related peptide/G protein-coupled receptor 147 (RFRP3/GPR147) signaling pathway is vital in inhibiting GnRH and delaying puberty onset. The nourishing Yin-removing fire (NYRF) herbal mixture has shown promising results in treating PP. Objective: This study aimed to assess the impact of the NYRF herbal mixture on the RFRP3/GPR147 signaling pathway in the hypothalamus and its potential in alleviating PP in female rats. Materials and Methods: In a controlled experiment, 24 female Sprague-Dawley rats (11.20 ± 0.69 gr, postnatal day [PD5]) were divided into normal, model, normal saline, and NYRF groups (n = 6/each). PP was induced in the model, normal saline, and NYRF groups by subcutaneous injection of danazol at PD5. The NYRF herbal mixture or normal saline was administered from PD15. Serum sex hormone levels and hypothalamic samples were collected for mRNA and protein expression at PD30. Results: In the model group, hypothalamic GnRH and kisspeptin levels increased, while RFRP3 and GPR147 levels decreased, luteinizing hormone levels elevated, reproductive organ coefficients increased, and the vagina opened earlier compared to the normal group. Conversely, the NYRF group exhibited lower GnRH and kisspeptin levels but higher RFRP3 levels in the hypothalamus. Serum luteinizing hormone levels were reduced, reproductive organ coefficients were reduced, and the vaginal opening was delayed compared to the model and normal saline groups. Conclusion: The NYRF herbal mixture delayed sexual development in rats with PP by hypothalamic upregulating RFRP3 and downregulating GnRH and kisspeptin.

16.
Plants (Basel) ; 13(4)2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38498546

RESUMO

Aluminum toxicity poses a significant constraint on crop production in acidic soils. While phytohormones are recognized for their pivotal role in mediating plant responses to aluminum stress, the specific involvement of gibberellin (GA) in regulating aluminum tolerance remains unexplored. In this study, we demonstrate that external GA exacerbates the inhibitory impact of aluminum stress on root growth of rice seedlings, concurrently promoting reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation. Furthermore, rice plants overexpressing the GA synthesis gene SD1 exhibit enhanced sensitivity to aluminum stress. In contrast, the slr1 gain-of-function mutant, characterized by impeded GA signaling, displays enhanced tolerance to aluminum stress, suggesting the negative regulatory role of GA in rice resistance to aluminum-induced toxicity. We also reveal that GA application suppresses the expression of crucial aluminum tolerance genes in rice, including Al resistance transcription factor 1 (ART1), Nramp aluminum transporter 1 (OsNramp4), and Sensitive to Aluminum 1 (SAL1). Conversely, the slr1 mutant exhibits up-regulated expression of these genes compared to the wild type. In summary, our results shed light on the inhibitory effect of GA in rice resistance to aluminum stress, contributing to a theoretical foundation for unraveling the intricate mechanisms of plant hormones in regulating aluminum tolerance.

17.
Poult Sci ; 103(5): 103589, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471223

RESUMO

Egg production is an economically important trait in poultry breeding and production. Follicular development was regulated by several hormones released and genes expressed in the granulosa cells, impacting the egg production and fecundity of hens. However, the molecular functions of these candidate genes that modulate these processes remain largely unknown. In the present study, bioinformatics analyses were performed to identify the candidate genes related to egg production in the ovarian tissue of White Leghorns with high egg production and Beijing You chicken with low egg production during sexual maturity and peak laying periods. The ovarian granulosa cells were used to assess the function of CYP21A1 by transfecting with CYP21A1-specific small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) and overexpression plasmids. We identified 514 differentially expressed genes (|Log2(fold change) | >1, P <0.05) between the 2 chicken breeds in both laying periods. Among these genes, CYP21A1, which is involved in the steroid hormone biosynthesis pathway was consistently upregulated in White Leghorns. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) further suggested that CYP21A1 was a hub gene, which could positively respond to treatment with follicle stimulation hormone (FSH), affecting egg production. The interference of CYP21A1 significantly inhibited cell proliferation and promoted cell apoptosis. Overexpression of CYP21A1 promotes cell proliferation and inhibits cell apoptosis. Furthermore, the interference with CYP21A1 significantly downregulated the expression of STAR, CYP11A1, HSD3B1, and FSHR and also decreased the synthesis of progesterone (P4) and estradiol (E2) in granulosa cells. Overexpression of CYP21A1 increased the synthesis of P4 and estradiol E2 and the expression of steroid hormone synthesis-related genes in granulosa cells. Our findings provide new evidence for the biological role of CYP21A1 on granulosa cell proliferation, apoptosis, and steroid hormone synthesis, which lays the theoretical basis for improving egg production.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Células da Granulosa , Animais , Feminino , Galinhas/genética , Galinhas/fisiologia , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Células da Granulosa/fisiologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/veterinária , Proteínas Aviárias/genética , Proteínas Aviárias/metabolismo , Ovário/metabolismo , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais/biossíntese , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia
18.
Poult Sci ; 103(5): 103587, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38479099

RESUMO

Trichomonas gallinae (T. gallinae) is a globally distributed protozoan parasite and could cause serious damage to the pigeon industry. MiRNAs have important roles in regulating parasite infection, but its impacts on T. gallinae resistance have rarely been reported. In the present study, we identified a new miRNA (novel-miR-741) and its predicted target OTU deubiquitinase 1 (OTUD1) that might be associated with immunity to T. gallinae in pigeon. Novel-miR-741 and OTUD1 over-expression vectors and interference vectors were constructed. Results from dual luciferase activity assay demonstrated that OTUD1 was a downstream target of novel-miR-741. The Cell Counting Kit-8 and apoptosis assays showed that novel-miR-741 inhibited the proliferation and promoted apoptosis of pigeon crop fibroblasts. Meanwhile, mRNA levels of OTUD1 were significantly reduced in novel-miR-741 mimic-transfected fibroblasts, while mRNA levels of OTUD1 were significantly increased in the novel-miR-741 inhibitor-transfected fibroblasts. The regulatory roles of si-OTUD1 on fibroblasts proliferation, apoptosis, and migration were similar to novel-miR-741 mimic. Our findings demonstrated that novel-miR-741 inhibited the proliferation, and migration of crop fibroblasts, while OTUD1 promoted the proliferation and migration of crop fibroblasts. Therefore, the regulation of OTUD1 by novel-miR-741 was proposed as a potential therapeutic strategy for T. gallinae.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Columbidae , Fibroblastos , MicroRNAs , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Animais , Fibroblastos/fisiologia , Columbidae/fisiologia , Proteínas Aviárias/genética , Proteínas Aviárias/metabolismo
19.
Poult Sci ; 103(5): 103489, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518666

RESUMO

This study aimed to systematically determined the effect of 28 h ahemeral light cycle on production performance, egg quality, blood parameters, uterine morphological characteristics, and gene expression of hens during the late laying period. At 74 wk, 260 Hy-Line Brown layers were randomly divided into 2 groups of 130 birds each and in duplicates. Both a regular (16L:8D) and an ahemeral light cycle (16L:12D) were provided to the hens. The oviposition pattern in an ahemeral cycle shifted into darkness, with oviposition mostly occurring 3 to 5 h after light out. Production performance was unaffected by light cycle (P > 0.05). Nonetheless, compared to the normal group, the ahemeral group exhibited increased egg weight, eggshell weight, eggshell percentage, yolk percentage, eggshell thickness, and eggshell strength (P < 0.05). There were rhythmic changes in the uterine morphological structure in both cycles, however, the ahemeral group maintained a longer duration and had more uterine folds than the normal group. In the ahemeral cycle, the phases of the CLOCK and PER2 genes were phase-advanced for 3.96 h and 4.54 h compared to the normal cycle. The PHLPP1 gene, which controls clock resetting, exhibited a substantial oscillated rhythm in the ahemeral group (P < 0.05), while the expression of genes presenting biological rhythm, such as CRY2 and FBXL3, was rhythmically oscillated in normal cycle (P < 0.05). The ITPR2 gene, which regulates intracellular Ca2+ transport, displayed a significant oscillated rhythm in ahemeral alone (P < 0.05), while the CA2 gene, which presents biomineralization, rhythmically oscillated in both cycles (P < 0.05). The ahemeral cycle caused 2.5 h phase delays in the CA2 gene compared to the normal cycle. In conclusion, the 28 h ahemeral light cycle preserved the high condition of the uterine folds and changed the uterine rhythms of CLOCK, PER2, ITPR2, and CA2 gene expression to improve ion transport and uterine biomineralization.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Oviposição , Fotoperíodo , Útero , Animais , Galinhas/fisiologia , Galinhas/genética , Galinhas/sangue , Feminino , Útero/fisiologia , Útero/anatomia & histologia , Oviposição/fisiologia , Óvulo/fisiologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Casca de Ovo/fisiologia , Expressão Gênica
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341952

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We created a novel, high sensitivity immunochromatographic assay that allows for clear and precise quantitative analysis by employing innovative bimetallic nanoparticles with peroxide-like activity as markers for the preparation of the test strip. METHODS: Initially, we synthesized Pt-Pd bimetallic nanoparticles through the reduction of K2PtCl4 and Na2PdCl4 using ascorbic acid (AA) in an ultrasonic water bath. These bimetallic nanoparticles were then utilized to label purified antigens from the foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) type O (FMDV-146S), resulting in the creation of antigen-captured nanomarkers. Upon completion of the antigen-antibody reaction, we introduced a color-developing agent (3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine) for cascade amplification, significantly enhancing detection sensitivity while ensuring clear and accurate quantitative analysis. RESULTS: The quantitative detection sensitivity achieved was 1:28/test, with a linear range spanning from 1:26 âˆ¼ 1:29 /test. For FMDV type O positive serum, the detection sensitivity reached 96.7 %. Furthermore, this method exhibited a 95 % detection sensitivity for FMDV negative serum, FMDV type A and type AsiaⅠ positive sera, as well as sera positive for other common viral diseases in animals. In comparison to the OIE-recommended LPB-ELISA, this approach displayed higher correlation (correlation coefficient = 0.909). Innovation was at the core of establishing this immunochromatographic assay based on Pt-Pd bimetallic nanoparticles for the detection of FMDV antibodies. CONCLUSION: The findings revealed a striking 24-fold improvement in sensitivity when compared to colloidal gold, accompanied by a strong correlation coefficient (R2 > 0.9). This suggests a robust and consistent linear association in the results. This method represents a significant advancement in the field of rapid immunochromatographic assays, offering a promising alternative application for bimetallic nanoparticles.


Assuntos
Vírus da Febre Aftosa , Febre Aftosa , Animais , Febre Aftosa/diagnóstico , Sorogrupo , Imunoensaio/métodos , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
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