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1.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 391, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836687

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Astrocytoma is a common type of central nervous system tumor. In this study, we investigated the correlation between ST6GAL1 and CYP19A1 polymorphisms and the risk and prognosis of astrocytoma. METHODS: A total of 365 astrocytoma patients and 379 healthy controls were genotyped using the Agena MassARRAY system. The correlation between ST6GAL1 and CYP19A1 variants and astrocytoma risk was calculated using logistic regression. The survival rate of patients with astrocytoma was analyzed to evaluate prognosis. RESULTS: We found that the ST6GAL1-rs2239611 significantly decreased the risk of astrocytoma in the codominant model (p = 0.044) and dominant model (p = 0.049). In stratified analyses, CYP19A1-rs2255192 might be associated with a higher risk of astrocytoma among the low-grade subgroup under recessive (p = 0.034) and additive (p = 0.030) models. However, CYP19A1-rs4646 had a risk-decreasing effect on the high-grade subgroup in the codominant model (p = 0.044). The results of Cox regression analysis showed that the CYP19A1-rs2239611 and -rs1042757 polymorphisms were significantly correlated with the prognosis of astrocytoma. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that ST6GAL1 and CYP19A1 genes may be a potential biomarker of genetic susceptibility and prognosis to astrocytoma in the Chinese Han population.

2.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33682229

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Primary cilium is a key organelle of regulating bone development and maintenance. The aim of this study is to investigate whether ciliary intraflagellar transporter protein 140 (IFT140) plays a positive role in extraction socket healing by promoting bone formation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A left maxillary first molar extraction model was established using 6-week-old Ift140flox/flox (Ctrl group) and Ift140flox/flox , Osx-cre (cKO group) mice. The maxillary bone samples from 1, 2, and 3 weeks were postoperatively evaluated by micro-CT, molecular biology, and histomorphometry analysis. Alveolar bone marrow stromal cells (aBMSCs) from 4-week-old mice were cultured in vitro and tested for proliferation and osteogenic ability. RESULTS: Ciliated cells were predominantly observed in the early socket healing stage with highly expressed ciliary protein IFT140. Compared with the Ctrl group, the healing of extraction sockets in the cKO group was significantly delayed. The proliferation and osteogenic differentiation ability of aBMSCs were reduced in the cKO group. CONCLUSION: IFT140 has a facilitating role in the early osteogenesis of extraction socket healing and is involved in regulating the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of aBMSCs.

3.
J Fam Psychol ; 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33683912

RESUMO

According to a heuristic model of emotion socialization, the implications of parental reactions to child emotions may vary by child characteristics. Children's knowledge about culturally bound, emotion display rules may be one of such characteristics, as it may alter children's interpretations of their parents' behaviors. The interrelationships among parental unsupportive reactions to child negative emotions, child emotion knowledge, and child social competence, however, have rarely been investigated. The present study examined whether Chinese children's emotion knowledge moderated the associations of mothers' minimizing and punitive reactions with changes in children's peer acceptance, social cognition, and aggression over time. On two occasions separated by about 1 year, data were collected from 330 children, their mothers, and class teachers from 10 kindergartens in Hong Kong, China. The age of children in Wave 1 averaged 4.81 years (SD = 0.38), and 56% of them (n = 186) were girls. Multilevel models indicated that maternal minimizing reactions were not significantly linked to changes in child social competence. But, for children with more knowledge about emotion display rules, maternal punitive reactions were linked to increases in child peer acceptance and social cognition and decreases in aggression over time. Theoretically, findings demonstrated the interplay of parental socialization practices and child individual characteristics in shaping child development. Practically, findings pointed to the importance of explaining emotion display rules to children in Chinese communities and helping children to balance self-expression of emotions with consideration of others' feelings. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33647184

RESUMO

Complex coacervation enables important wet adhesion processes in natural and artificial systems. However, existed synthetic coacervate adhesives show limited wet adhesion properties, non-thermoresponsiveness, and inferior biodegradability, greatly hampering their translations. Herein, by harnessing supramolecular assembly and rational protein design, we present a temperature-sensitive wet bioadhesive fabricated through recombinant protein and surfactant. Mechanical performance of the bioglue system is actively tunable with thermal triggers. In cold condition, adhesion strength of the bioadhesive was only ~50 kPa. By increasing temperature, the strength presented up to 600 kPa, which is remarkably stronger than other biological counterparts. This is probably due to the thermally triggered phase transition of the engineered protein and the formation of coacervate, thus leading to the enhanced wet adhesion bonding. This strategy holds great promise for the fabrication of smart biomaterials such as new generation of thermo-responsive patches for healthcare applications.

5.
Adv Mater ; : e2100098, 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33733490

RESUMO

As a typical inflammatory disease with chronic pain syndromes, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) generally requires long-term treatment with frequent injection administration at 1-2 times per day, because common medications such as interleukin1 receptor antagonist (IL1ra) have poor bioavailability and very limited half-life residence. Here a novel strategy to fabricate nanotherapeutic formulations employing genetically engineered IL1ra protein complexes, yielding ultralong-lasting bioefficacy is developed rationally. Using rat models, it is shown that these nanotherapeutics significantly improved drug regimen to a single subcutaneous administration in a 14-day therapy, suggesting their extraordinary bioavailability and ultralong-acting pharmacokinetics. Specifically, the half-life and bioavailability of the nanoformulations are boosted to the level of 30 h and by 7 times, respectively, significantly greater than other systems. This new strategy thus holds great promise to potently improve patient compliance in RA therapy, and it can be adapted for other therapies that suffer similar drawbacks.

9.
Int J Prosthodont ; 34(1): 13-20, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33570515

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the occlusal fit of zirconia crowns designed using a digital articulator method and the traditional method in a self-controlled clinical trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two zirconia crowns each were prepared for 12 patients with a single posterior tooth defect using two different methods: a digital articulator method and the traditional method. In the traditional method, casts were scanned using a model scanner, and the relative positions of the maxillary and mandibular arches were determined by the intercuspal occlusion of the casts. In the digital articulator method, casts were mounted on a mechanical articulator and scanned, and the relative positions were determined by their respective positions in the articulator. Additional dynamic occlusal adjustments of the digital articulator crowns were performed. Both groups of zirconia crowns were milled in a five-axis milling machine. The time required for occlusal adjustments, the occlusal contacts, the occlusal contact distributions, the number of occlusal contacts, the relative occlusal forces, and patient satisfaction (visual analog scale score) were evaluated. Wilcoxon test, McNemar test, and paired t test were used to compare the parameters between the two methods. RESULTS: The occlusal adjustment times for the digital articulator and traditional method crowns were 327 ± 226 seconds and 395 ± 338 seconds, respectively (P > .05). There were no significant differences in occlusal contacts, occlusal contact distributions, number of occlusal contacts, relative occlusal forces, or VAS scores between the two methods (P > .05). CONCLUSION: A digital articulator method for single-crown restoration was applied successfully. Crowns fabricated using a digital articulator or the traditional method can achieve acceptable occlusal fit for single-crown restorations.


Assuntos
Articuladores Dentários , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Coroas , Humanos , Zircônio
10.
Antimicrob Resist Infect Control ; 10(1): 43, 2021 02 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33640019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The study aimed to elucidate the species taxonomy, clinical manifestations, virulence gene profiles and antimicrobial susceptibilities of Aeromonas strains isolated from life-threatening bacteremia in southeastern China. METHODS: Clinical samples of Aeromonas causing bacteremia were isolated from a teaching hospital in Wenzhou from 2013 to 2018 and a retrospective cohort study was performed. Aeromonas strains were identified at species level by housekeeping gene gyrB. Virulence and drug resistance-associated genes were screened by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) was performed by the VITEK 2 Compact system. RESULTS: A total of 58 Aeromonas isolated from patients with bacteremia were collected during 6 years (2013-2018). 58 isolates were identified to five different species, where Aeromonas dhakensis appeared to be the predominant species (26/58), followed by Aeromonas veronii (13/58), Aeromonas caviae (10/58), Aeromonas hydrophila (7/58) and Aeromonas jandaei (2/58). 16 of 58 patients had poor prognosis. Poor prognosis was significantly associated with liver cirrhosis and inappropriate empirical antimicrobials therapy. The progression of bacteremia caused by Aeromonas was extremely fast, especially in A. dhakensis infections. Virulence genes aer, lip, hlyA, alt, ast, and act, were detected at ratios of 24.1% (14/58), 62.1% (36/58), 65.5% (38/58), 58.6% (34/58), 15.5% (9/58) and 65.5% (38/58), respectively. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing exhibited that 9 out of 58 isolates were identified as multi-drug resistant (MDR) organism. The blaTEM gene was identified in all 9 MDR isolates. blaSHV, blaAQU-1, blaMOX, blaCepH, blaCphA and aac(6')-Ib-cr were detected in 4 isolates, 2 isolates, 1 isolate, 3 isolates, 8 isolates, and 3 isolates, respectively. The majority of Aeromonas strains maintained susceptible to 3rd generation cephalosporins, aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolones and furantoin. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence and dangerousness of Aeromonas infections, especially A. dhakensis, are underestimated in clinic. Continuous monitoring is essential to keep track of MDR Aeromonas due to the increasing prevalence recently and a more effective measure is required to control the spread of resistance determinants.

11.
Int J Cardiol ; 330: 135-141, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529666

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical phenotypes of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) vary greatly even among patients with the same gene mutations. This variability is largely regulated by unidentified modifier loci. The purpose of the study is to identify modifier genes for cardiac fibrosis-a major phenotype of HCM-using the BXD family, a murine cohort. METHODS: The relative severity of cardiac fibrosis was estimated by quantitation of cardiac collagen volume fraction (CCVF) across 66 members of the BXD family. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping for cardiac fibrosis was done using GeneNetwork. Candidate modifier loci and genes associated with fibrosis were prioritized based on an explicit scoring system. Networks of correlation between fibrosis and cardiac transcriptomes were evaluated to generate causal models of disease susceptibility. RESULTS: CCVF levels varied greatly within this family. Interval mapping identified a significant CCVF-related QTL on chromosome (Chr) 2 in males, and a significant QTL on Chr 4 Mb in females. The scoring system highlighted two strong candidate genes in the Chr 2 locus-Nek6 and Nr6a1. Both genes are highly expressed in the heart. Cardiac Nek6 mRNA levels are significantly correlated with CCVF. Nipsnap3b and Fktn are lead candidate genes for the Chr 4 locus, and both are also highly expressed in heart. Cardiac Nipsnap3b gene expression correlates well with CCVF. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that candidate modifier genes of cardiac fibrosis phenotype in HCM are different in males and females. Nek6 and Nr6a1 are strong candidates in males, while Nipsnap3b and Fktn are top candidates in females.

12.
Anal Chem ; 93(6): 3280-3286, 2021 02 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528247

RESUMO

By mimicking nature, various artificial nanofluidic platforms have been widely applied in a range of scientific fields. However, their low performance in terms of gating efficiency (<25) still hinders their practical applications. Herein, we present a highly efficient ionic gating nanosensor by fusing the merits of host-guest chemistry and Au nanoparticles (AuNPs). Based on this strategy, the pillar[6]arene (WP6)-functionalized AuNPs facilely regulated an azobenzene (AZO)-modified nanosensor with an excellent ion rectification ratio (∼22.2) and gating efficiency (∼89.5). More importantly, this gating nanosensor system also demonstrated promising stability and recyclability under conditions of alternative irradiation of visible and ultraviolet light. These excellent results would significantly help in expanding the utilization of artificial nanosensors for controllable drug delivery and biosensors.

13.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 3342, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33558618

RESUMO

Increased length of stay (LOS) in intensive care units is directly associated with the financial burden, anxiety, and increased mortality risks. In the current study, we have incorporated the association of day-to-day nutrition and medication data of the patient during its stay in hospital with its predicted LOS. To demonstrate the same, we developed a model to predict the LOS using risk factors (a) perinatal and antenatal details, (b) deviation of nutrition and medication dosage from guidelines, and (c) clinical diagnoses encountered during NICU stay. Data of 836 patient records (12 months) from two NICU sites were used and validated on 211 patient records (4 months). A bedside user interface integrated with EMR has been designed to display the model performance results on the validation dataset. The study shows that each gestation age group of patients has unique and independent risk factors associated with the LOS. The gestation is a significant risk factor for neonates < 34 weeks, nutrition deviation for < 32 weeks, and clinical diagnosis (sepsis) for ≥ 32 weeks. Patients on medications had considerable extra LOS for ≥ 32 weeks' gestation. The presented LOS model is tailored for each patient, and deviations from the recommended nutrition and medication guidelines were significantly associated with the predicted LOS.

15.
Nanoscale ; 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33432953

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) materials have received tremendous attention from the research community in the past decades, because of their numerous striking physical, chemical and mechanical properties and promising potential in a wide range of applications. This field is strongly interdisciplinary, requiring efficient integration of knowledge with different insights. In this review, we summarize the up-to-date research on the thermal and mechanical properties and thermo-mechanical correlation in 2D materials, including both theoretical and experimental insight. Firstly, the mechanical properties of 2D nanomaterials are discussed, in which the underlying physics is summarized. Then, we discuss the impacts of thermal fluctuation on the mechanical properties. Next, from experimental points of view, we present the methods to introduce strain in 2D materials experimentally and the experimental tools to measure the degree of strain. Finally, we discuss the fundamental phonon and thermal properties of 2D materials, including the strain effects on phonon dispersion, phonon hydrodynamic behavior, phonon topological feature, ballistic thermal conductance and diffusive thermal conductivity. This article presents an advanced understanding of the mechanical and thermal properties of 2D materials, which provides new opportunities for promoting their applications in nanoscale electronic, optoelectronic, and thermal functional devices.

16.
Adv Neonatal Care ; Publish Ahead of Print2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33417328

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Family-centered care contributes to improved outcomes for preterm and ill infants. Little is known about the perceptions of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) healthcare professionals regarding the degree to which their NICU practices or values family-centered care. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to describe attitudes and beliefs of NICU healthcare professionals about family-centered care and to explore professional characteristics that might influence those views. METHODS: Data were derived from the baseline phase of a multicenter quasi-experimental study comparing usual family-centered NICU care with mobile-enhanced family-integrated care. Neonatal intensive care unit healthcare professionals completed the Family-Centered Care Questionnaire-Revised (FCCQ-R), a 45-item measure of 9 core dimensions of Current Practice and Necessary Practice for family-centered care. RESULTS: A total of 382 (43%) NICU healthcare professionals from 6 NICUs completed 1 or more of the FCCQ-R subscales, 83% were registered nurses. Total and subscale scores on the Necessary Practice scale were consistently higher than those on the Current Practice scale for all dimensions of family-centered care (mean: 4.40 [0.46] vs 3.61 [0.53], P < .001). Only years of hospital experience and NICU site were significantly associated with Current Practice and Necessary Practice total scores. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Ongoing assessment of the perceptions of NICU healthcare professionals regarding their current practice and beliefs about what is necessary for the delivery of high-quality family-centered care can inform NICU education, quality improvement, and maintenance of family-centered care during the COVID-19 pandemic. IMPLICATIONS FOR RESEARCH: Further research is needed to identify additional factors that predict family-centered care perceptions and behaviors.

17.
ACS Sens ; 6(3): 808-814, 2021 03 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33480688

RESUMO

Peroxynitrite (ONOO-) is an important reactive oxygen/nitrogen species that participates in a range of physiological and pathological processes by modulating ion flux through biological channels. Inspired by a ONOO--regulated K+ channel in vivo, herein, we describe the construction of a smart ONOO--driven nanosensor using a spirocyclic ring open/close reaction approach. The prepared nanosensor possessed a prominent ONOO- selectivity and sensitivity and rapid response (∼90 s) owing to the specific reaction between ONOO- and ligands on the nanosensor surface with a high ion rectification ratio (∼10) and ion gating ratio (∼4). Moreover, this nanosensor system also exhibits excellent stability and recyclability. Thus, these results will provide a new direction for the design of nanochannel-based sensors for future practical and biological applications.

18.
Am Surg ; : 3134820954829, 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33284051

RESUMO

Perianal abscess and anal fistula are 2 common anorectal diseases in infants and young children. However, their causes, clinical diagnosis, and treatment remain controversial. Compared to adults, infants with these 2 diseases exhibit unique clinical characteristics. Blind pursuit of conservative treatment or surgery may worsen the condition, resulting in increased pain in young patients and greater economic burden and psychological harm to parents. Therefore, it is crucial to select correct and effective treatments. This review summarizes the relevant literature from the past 10 years and systematically explains the pathogenesis, clinical characteristics, and treatment measures of perianal abscess and anal fistula in infants with the goal of providing clinicians a deeper understanding of perianal abscess and anal fistula in infants and summarizing safe and effective treatment methods.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33289255

RESUMO

Development of versatile nanotheranostic platforms that integrate both diagnostic and therapeutic functions have always been an intractable challenge in precise cancer treatment. Herein, an aptamer-tethered deoxyribonucleic acids-gold particle (Apt-DNA-Au) nanomachine has been developed for in situ imaging and targeted multimodal synergistic therapy of mammary carcinoma. Upon specifically internalized into MCF-7 cells, the tumor-related TK1 mRNA activates the Apt-DNA-Au nanomachine via DNA strand displacement cascades, resulting in the release of fluorophore and antisense DNA as well as the aggregation of AuNPs for in situ imaging, suppression of survivin expression and photothermal therapy, respectively. Meanwhile, the controlled released drugs are used for chemotherapy, while under the laser irradiation the loaded photosensitizer produces reactive oxygen species (ROS) for photodynamic therapy. The results confirm that the proposed Apt-DNA-Au nanomachine provides a powerful nanotheranostic platform for in situ imaging-guided combinatorial anticancer therapy.

20.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 122020 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33298623

RESUMO

Background and aims Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and receptor of advanced glycation end products (RAGE), are associated with cognition decline. We aim to investigate the effect of liraglutide on cognitive function in diabetic mice. Results Diabetic mice showed decreased cognitive function. Moreover, lower glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) levels in plasma were detected in db/db mice. Additionally, up-regulated RAGE and down-regulated glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1R) levels were observed in db/db mice. However, decreased GLP-1R and increased RAGE were reversed by liraglutide. We also found decreased cellular activity in cells with AGEs. Moreover, AGEs up-regulated RAGE in PC12 and HT22 cells. However, liraglutide improved the cell activity damaged by AGEs. Although we did not discover the direct-interaction between RAGE and GLP-1R, elevated RAGE levels induced by AGEs were restored by liraglutide. Conclusion We demonstrated that the cognitive function of diabetic mice was improved by liraglutide via the down-regulation of RAGE. Methods db/db mice and db/m mice were used in this study. Liraglutide was used to remedy diabetic mice. Neurons and RAGE in hippocampus were shown by immunofluorescence. And then, PC12 cells or HT22 cells with AGEs were treated with liraglutide. GLP-1R and RAGE were measured by western blotting.

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