Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 157
Filtrar
1.
BMC Vet Res ; 17(1): 153, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836763

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: T-2 toxin is a mycotoxin produced by Fusarium species that is highly toxic to animals. Recent studies have indicated that Selenomethionine (SeMet) have protective effect against mycotoxins-induced toxicity. The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effect of SeMet on T-2-toxin-induced liver injury in rabbit and explore its molecular mechanism. Fifty rabbits (30 d, 0.5 ± 0.1 kg) were randomly divided into 5 groups: control group, T-2 toxin group, low, medium and high dose SeMet treatment group. The SeMet-treated group was orally pretreated with SeMet (containing selenium 0.2 mg/kg, 0.4 mg/kg and 0.6 mg/kg) for 21 days. On the 17th day, T-2 toxin group and SeMet-treated group were orally administered with T-2 toxin (0.4 mg/kg body weight) for 5 consecutive days. RESULTS: The results showed that low-dose SeMet significantly improved T-2 toxin-induced liver injury. We found that low-dose SeMet can reduce the level of oxidative stress and the number of hepatocyte apoptosis. Moreover, the levels of Bax, caspase-3 and caspase-9 were significantly reduced and the levels of Bcl-2 were increased. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, we confirmed that low-dose SeMet may protect rabbit hepatocytes from T-2 toxin by inhibiting the mitochondrial-caspase apoptosis pathway.

2.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(2): 202, 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33608512

RESUMO

Ring1b is a core subunit of polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1) and is essential in several high-risk cancers. However, the epigenetic mechanism of Ring1b underlying breast cancer malignancy is poorly understood. In this study, we showed increased expression of Ring1b promoted metastasis by weakening cell-cell adhesions of breast cancer cells. We confirmed that Ring1b could downregulate E-cadherin and contributed to an epigenetic rewiring via PRC1-dependent function by forming distinct complexes with DEAD-box RNA helicases (DDXs) or epithelial-mesenchymal transition transcription factors (EMT TFs) on site-specific loci of E-cadherin promoter. DDXs-Ring1b complexes moderately inhibited E-cadherin, which resulted in an early hybrid EMT state of epithelial cells, and EMT TFs-Ring1b complexes cooperated with DDXs-Ring1b complexes to further repress E-cadherin in mesenchymal-like cancer cells. Clinically, high expression of Ring1b with DDXs or EMT TFs predicted low levels of E-cadherin, metastatic behavior, and poor prognosis. These findings provide an epigenetic regulation mechanism of Ring1b complexes in E-cadherin expression. Ring1b complexes may be potential therapeutic targets and biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis in invasion breast cancer.

3.
Vet Res ; 52(1): 30, 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33618766

RESUMO

Host proteins interacting with pathogens are receiving more attention as potential therapeutic targets in molecular medicine. Streptococcus suis serotype 2 (SS2) is an important cause of meningitis in both humans and pigs worldwide. SS2 Enolase (Eno) has previously been identified as a virulence factor with a role in altering blood brain barrier (BBB) integrity, but the host cell membrane receptor of Eno and The mechanism(s) involved are unclear. This study identified that SS2 Eno binds to 40S ribosomal protein SA (RPSA) on the surface of porcine brain microvascular endothelial cells leading to activation of intracellular p38/ERK-eIF4E signalling, which promotes intracellular expression of HSPD1 (heat-shock protein family D member 1), and initiation of host-cell apoptosis, and increased BBB permeability facilitating bacterial invasion. This study reveals novel functions for the host-interactional molecules RPSA and HSPD1 in BBB integrity, and provides insight for new therapeutic strategies in meningitis.


Assuntos
Barreira Hematoencefálica , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Fosfopiruvato Hidratase/metabolismo , Proteínas Ribossômicas/metabolismo , Infecções Estreptocócicas/veterinária , Streptococcus suis/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Técnicas de Cocultura , Células Endoteliais/microbiologia , Fator de Iniciação 4E em Eucariotos/genética , Fator de Iniciação 4E em Eucariotos/metabolismo , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/genética , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Camundongos , Ligação Proteica , Sorogrupo , Infecções Estreptocócicas/microbiologia , Infecções Estreptocócicas/patologia , Streptococcus suis/patogenicidade , Suínos , Doenças dos Suínos/microbiologia , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/genética , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
4.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 3377, 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33564020

RESUMO

Eight dryland winter wheat cultivars (Triticum aestivum L.), which were widely cultivated from the 1940s to the 2010s in Shaanxi Province, China, were selected and grown in plots, and two water treatments (irrigation and drought) were used to identify the contribution of ears, leaves and stems to grain weight and grain number associated with cultivar replacement. The plant height and stem dry weight of the dryland wheat decreased significantly during the cultivar replacement process, but there was a remarkable increase in the dry matter translocation of stems under irrigation. Shaded-ear and defoliation treatment could decrease the grain number and grain weight, and the grain weight was more influenced. Both the leaf and ear are important photosynthetic sources for dryland wheat, and the contribution of ear assimilates showed a significant increase over time; however, the contribution of leaf assimilates showed a negative correlation with cultivation over time. The accumulation of stem assimilates and ear photosynthesis both increased the grain weight potential. In the future breeding process, cultivars with more assimilates stored in the stem and greater assimilative capacity of ears, especially a greater contribution of ear assimilates, are expected to increase the grain yield.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420683

RESUMO

The ethanol extracts of Gracilaria lemaneiformis that have inhibitory effects on Karenia mikimotoi and Skeletonema costatum were separated by liquid-liquid extraction using different polar solvents into five fractions with antialgal activities (petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate, n-butanol, and water-soluble fractions). These fractions were chromatographed on silica gel to give, after repeated preparative thin-layer chromatography (PTLC) purification processes, 1-ß-D-ribofuranosyluracil (1), 3-hydroxymethyl-pyrrolopiperazine-2,5-dione (2), benzene-1,2-propanoic acid (3), 1-O-palmitoyl-2-O-palmitoleoyl-3-O-ß-D-galactopyranosyl glycerol (4), 7-oxabicyclo[4.1.0]-heptan-3-ol (5), linoleic acid (6), 3,4-dimethoxy-6-(methoxymethyl)-tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2,5-diol (7), and 3,7,11,16-tetramethyl -2-heptadecen-1-ol (8). Five of them, natural products 1, 2, 5, 7, and 8, were isolated from Gracilaria lemaneiformis for the first time, and three natural products (3, 5, and 8) were isolated from marine macroalgae for the first time. Among them, natural products (1, 2, 3, 4, and 6) showed the most obvious inhibition activities to the growth of Karenia mikimotoi and Skeletonema costatum at the concentration of 80 µg/mL. Therefore, antialgal activities of these five natural products against Amphidinium carterae, Heterosigma akashiwo, Karenia mikimotoi, Phaeocystis globosa, Prorocentrum donghaiense, and Skeletonema costatum were further tested at different concentrations (0.4, 2, 10, and 50 µg/mL). This was the first report of antialgal activities of five natural products (1, 2, 3, 4, and 6) to these six red tide microalgae. They showed significantly selective antialgal activities against all tested red tide microalgae. At the concentration of 50 µg/mL, the growth of Amphidinium carterae, Heterosigma akashiwo, Karenia mikimotoi, and Phaeocystis globosa was obviously inhibited; for Karenia mikimotoi, natural products 1, 2, and 6 have significant antialgal activities; the growth inhibition of Skeletonema costatum that was exposed to natural products 1, 3, and 4 was remarkable. Furthermore, by analyzing and comparing EC50-96 h values, it has been determined that natural product 3 (natural product 4) showed the superior application potential than potassium dichromate and some reported natural products (such as gossonorol isolated from Porphyra yezoensis, trehalose purified from Ulva pertusa) as a characteristic antialgal agent against Amphidinium carterae (Phaeocystis globosa). In addition, natural products 1 and 3 also showed good superiority than some reported natural products in inhibiting Skeletonema costatum; however, it was a pity that they were inferior to potassium dichromate in the inhibiting this red tide microalgae. Taken together, it is not hard to conclude that Gracilaria lemaneiformis was a good source of natural products with antialgal activities against some red tide microalgae.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33515151

RESUMO

The application of plastic film in field crop production elevated the phthalate esters (PAEs) accumulation in wheat grains, which poses potential risks to human health. However, the variation of grain PAEs contents in different dryland areas is not clear, and the distribution of PAEs in different tissues of grains has not been studied yet. In the present study, field experiments in five sites (three provinces) with two treatments (soil with and without film mulching) were carried out to study the concentration and distribution of PAEs in grains and the effects of environmental factors on them. Results showed that the total PAE concentration (∑PAEs) in wheat grains ranged from 445 to 764 µg/kg, mainly in the forms of di-(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate (DEHP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), and diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP). Compared with control, total PAE concentrations in soils and wheat grains were significantly higher in treatments with film mulching. The effects of film on the proportion of PAEs in the flour and bran varied with experiment sites. Grain PAEs in the control groups presented significantly negative correlation with annual temperature, while there was a positive correlation between soil PAEs and bran PAEs in the film treatment. Results in this study are of great significance to comprehensively evaluate the effect of film mulching on grain safety in dryland wheat production.

7.
Epigenomics ; 13(5): 379-395, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33507103

RESUMO

Aim: To investigate the expression profiles of circRNAs after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Materials & methods: RNA sequencing and qRT-PCR were used to investigate and validate circRNA expression levels. Bioinformatics analysis was performed to explore potential functions of the circRNAs. Results: Expression levels of 15 circRNAs were consistently altered in patients with ICH compared with their expression levels in hypertension. Three circRNAs, hsa_circ_0001240, hsa_circ_0001947 and hsa_circ_0001386, individually or combined, were confirmed as promising biomarkers for predicting and diagnosing ICH. The circRNAs were involved mainly in lysine degradation and the immune system. Conclusion: This is the first study to report expression profiles of circRNAs after ICH and to propose that three circRNAs are potential biomarkers for ICH.

8.
Int Immunopharmacol ; : 107142, 2020 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33268042

RESUMO

Acute lung injury (ALI), a common respiratory distress syndrome in the intensive care unit (ICU), is mainly caused by severe infection and shock. Epithelial and capillary endothelial cell injury, interstitial edema and inflammatory cell infiltration are the main pathological changes observed in ALI animal models. Maresin conjugates in tissue regeneration (MCTR) are a new family of anti-inflammatory proteins. MCTR3 is a key enhancer of the host response, that promotes tissue regeneration and reduces infection; however, its role and mechanism in ALI are still unclear. The purpose of our research was to assess the protective effects of MCTR3 against ALI and its underlying mechanism. The work in this study was conducted in a murine model and the pulmonary epithelial cell line MLE-12. In vivo, MCTR3 (2 ng/g) was given 2 h after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection. We found that the treatment of mice with LPS-induced ALI with MCTR3 significantly reduced the cell number and protein levels in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF); decreased the production of inflammatory cytokines; alleviated oxidative stress and cell apoptosis, consequently decreased lung injury; and restored pulmonary function. These protective effects of MCTR3 were dependent on down-regulation of the PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1) pathway. Additionally, in MLE-12 cells stimulated with LPS, MCTR3 inhibited cell death, inflammatory cytokine levels and oxidative stress via the ALX/PINK1 signaling pathway. Thus, we conclude that MCTR3 protected against LPS-induced ALI partly through inactivation of the ALX/PINK1 mediated mitophagy pathway.

9.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(2): 2231-2250, 2020 12 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33318310

RESUMO

Myocardial infarction is a cardiovascular disease with high mortality. Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) with strong self-renewal capacity and multipotency, provide the possibility of replacing injured cardiomyocytes. hUC-MSCs were cultured on polyacrylamide hydrogels with stiffnesses corresponding to Young's modulus of 13-16kPa and 62-68kPa which mimic the stiffnesses of healthy heart tissue and fibrotic myocardium. The expression of early myocardial markers Nkx2.5, GATA4, Mesp1 and the mature myocardial markers cTnT, cTnI, α-actin were detected by RT-PCR and Western Blot, which showed that soft matrix (13-16 kPa) tended to induce the differentiation of hUC-MSCs into myocardium, compared with stiff matrix (62-68 kPa). Piezos are mechanically sensitive non-selective cation channels. The expression of Piezo1 increased with the stiffness gradient of 1-10kPa, 13-16kPa, 35-38kPa and 62-68kPa on the 1st day, but Piezo2 expression was irregular. The expression of integrin ß1 and calcium ions were also higher on stiff substrate than on soft substrate. hUC-MSCs tend to differentiate into myocardium on the matrix stiffness of 13-16 kPa. The relationship among matrix stiffness, Piezo1 and myocardial differentiation needs further validation.

10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 37(11): 1296-1300, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179244

RESUMO

With the in-depth exploration of all stages in early-stage embryos, in particular zygotic genome activation and first cell lineage differentiation, researchers have found that early embryonic epigenetics follows a strict pattern of temporal and spatial modification. Previous studies have determined the inhibitory effect of H3K9me3 and H3K27me3 on genomic expression, and found that they are involved in many core biological events in the genome such as chromatin reprogramming, genomic imprinting, maintenance of embryonic stem cell pluripotency and somatic cell nuclear transfer, though the detailed molecular mechanism has remained elusive. From the point of developmental biology and epigenetics, this article has expounded the research progress on the methylation of H3K9 and H3K27 histones in early-stage embryos, which may provide a clue for the complex mechanism of embryonic development and improvement of culture method for embryos in vitro.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Histonas , Cromatina , Epigênese Genética , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Histonas/genética , Histonas/metabolismo , Humanos , Metilação , Gravidez
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(46): e23011, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181665

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Subacute thyroiditis (SAT) is a transient and self-limiting inflammatory thyroid disease. There is no clear evidence for specific etiology, but it is generally thought to occur after viral infection. Characteristics of SAT include severe pain of the anterior neck, enlarged firm thyroid, disordered thyroid function, elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP), typical ultrasound findings (hypoechoic areas) and low thyroid uptake of radioactive iodine or technetium-99 m because of the destructive etiology of the hyperthyroidism. Evidences showed Xiaochaihu decoction (XCHD) has a significant effect on improving the symptoms of SAT patients. The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and effectiveness of XCHD for patients with SAT. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The literature that has been identified via searching 6 Chinese electronic databases and eight English electronic databases from inception to September 21, 2020 will be included in the study. Research selection, data extraction as well as research quality assessment will be completed by 2 experienced researchers independently. The primary outcome is remission rate. Data analysis will be conducted by the RevMan 5 software, and GRADE will help to assess the level of evidence. The heterogeneity of data will be investigated by a heterogeneity x test, as well as the Higgins I test. A subgroup analyses and sensitivity analysis will be conducted to explore the sources of heterogeneity. RESULTS: The results of this study will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: This study will draw a conclusion about whether XCHD is safe and effective in treating SAT on the basis of evidence-based medicine. This conclusion will provide areliable scientific evidence for the alternative treatment for the management of SAT. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER:: https://osf.io/8hbue.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Tireoidite Subaguda/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
ACS Chem Neurosci ; 11(21): 3646-3657, 2020 11 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33143428

RESUMO

The occurrence and progression of Parkinson's disease (PD) has been associated with the observation of elevated iron concentrations in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc). While the reasons for the impact of elevated iron concentrations remain unclear, one hypothesis is that the presence of labile iron induces the oxidation of dopamine (DA) to toxic quinones such as aminochrome (DAC) and reactive oxygen species (ROS). As such, one of the proposed therapeutic strategies has been the use of iron chelators such as deferiprone (DFP) (which is recognized to have limitations related to its rapid degradation in the liver) to reduce the concentration of labile iron. In this study, a detailed investigation regarding the novel iron chelator, CN128, was conducted and a kinetic model developed to elucidate the fundamental behavior of this chelator. The results in this work reveal that CN128 is effective in alleviating the toxicity induced by iron and DA to neurons when DA is present at moderate concentrations. When all the iron is chelated by CN128, the formation of DAC and the oxidation of DA can be reduced to levels identical to that in the absence of iron. The production of H2O2 is lower than that generated via the autoxidation of the same amount of DA. However, when severe leakage of DA occurs, the application of CN128 is insufficient to alleviate the associated toxicity. This is attibuted to the less important role of iron in the production of toxic intermediates at high concentrations of DA. CN128 is superior to DFP with regard to the reduction in formation of DAC and elevation in DA concentration. In summary, the results of this study suggest that prodromal application of the chelator CN128 could be effective in preventing the onset and slowing the early stage development of PD symptoms associated with oxidants and toxic intermediates resulting from the iron-mediated oxidation of the neurotransmitter dopamine with CN128 likely to be superior to DFP in view of its greater in vivo availability and less problematic side effects.

13.
Mikrochim Acta ; 187(12): 665, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33205310

RESUMO

A sensitive and robust fluorescent assay of 6-MP is described which relies on the facile assembly of a fluorescence nanoprobe by design of silica nanosphere encapsulated CdTe quantum dots (CdTe QDs) as scaffold, coupling with chemically tethered folic acid (FA)-protected silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) that function as responsive element. In this way a stable ternary core-shell-satellite nanostructure with dual-emission signals can be established. On binding to the target molecules, 6-MP, FA molecules initially occupied by AgNPs are liberated to give dose-dependent fluorescence emission, which can further form a self-calibration ratiometric fluorescence assay using CdTe QDs as an internal reference. The nanoprobe color vividly changes from red to blue, enabling the direct visual detection. The linear concentration range is 0.15~50 µM with the detection limit of 67 nM. By virtue of the favorable selectivity and robust assays, the nanoprobe was applied to 6-MP detection in urine samples, with recoveries from 97.3 to 106% and relative standard deviations (RSD) less than 5%. Graphical abstract.

14.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 89(Pt A): 107029, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045567

RESUMO

Growing evidence shows that gut microbiota and neuroinflammatory responses play a critical role in the pathogenesis of depression. Our previous study demonstrated that schisandrin (SCH) could reduce proinflammatory factors of depressive mice. Therefore, our present study is to research the potential connection between gut microbial and anti-inflammatory effects of SCH on a depressive mouse model induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). We found that SCH pre-treatment could decrease the immobility time of forced swimming test (FST) and tail suspension test (TST). And the results of 16S rRNA demonstrated that SCH pre-administration attenuated the dysbiosis of gut microbiota of depressive mice, along with altered fecal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs). Furthermore, SCH reduced the levels of proinflammatory factors of depressive mice and the expression of TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway in the hippocampus. Overall, our study indicated that SCH might recover the gut microbial disorder of depressive mice through suppressing the expression of TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway.

15.
Cell Biosci ; 10: 116, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33062254

RESUMO

Destruction and death of neurons can lead to neurodegenerative diseases. One possible way to treat neurodegenerative diseases and damage of the nervous system is replacing damaged and dead neurons by cell transplantation. If new neurons can replace the lost neurons, patients may be able to regain the lost functions of memory, motor, and so on. Therefore, acquiring neurons conveniently and efficiently is vital to treat neurological diseases. In recent years, studies on reprogramming human fibroblasts into neurons have emerged one after another, and this paper summarizes all these studies. Scientists find small molecules and transcription factors playing a crucial role in reprogramming and inducing neuron production. At the same time, both the physiological microenvironment in vivo and the physical and chemical factors in vitro play an essential role in the induction of neurons. Therefore, this paper summarized and analyzed these relevant factors. In addition, due to the unique advantages of physical factors in the process of reprogramming human fibroblasts into neurons, such as safe and minimally invasive, it has a more promising application prospect. Therefore, this paper also summarizes some successful physical mechanisms of utilizing fibroblasts to acquire neurons, which will provide new ideas for somatic cell reprogramming.

16.
J Med Virol ; 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064304

RESUMO

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes serious lower respiratory tract infections and there are currently no safer or more effective drugs available. It is important to find novel medications for RSV infection. A series of steroidal pyridines were synthesized for screening and evaluation of their antiviral activity and investigation of their antiviral mechanism of action. Compound 3l had the highest antiviral activity, with a half-maximal effective concentration (EC50 ) of 3.13 µM. Compound 3l was explored for its effects in vitro on RSV 2 h before infection (pretreatment), at the time of infection (competition), and 2 h after infection (postinfection). Toll-like receptor (TLR)-3, retinoic acid-inducible gene (RIG)-I, interleukin (IL)-6, and interferon (IFN)-ß were suppressed at the cellular level. Mouse lung tissue was subjected to hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining and immunohistochemistry, which showed that RSV antigen and M gene expression could be reduced by compound 3l. Decreased expression of TLR-3, RIG-I, IL-6, IFN-ß, and IL-10 was also found in vivo. The results indicated that compound 3l exerted its antiviral effects mainly through inhibition of viral replication and downregulation of inflammatory factors.

17.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5228, 2020 10 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067442

RESUMO

Two major treatment strategies employed in non-small cell lung cancer, NSCLC, are tyrosine kinase inhibitors, TKIs, and immune checkpoint inhibitors, ICIs. The choice of strategy is based on heterogeneous biomarkers that can dynamically change during therapy. Thus, there is a compelling need to identify comprehensive biomarkers that can be used longitudinally to help guide therapy choice. Herein, we report a 18F-FDG-PET/CT-based deep learning model, which demonstrates high accuracy in EGFR mutation status prediction across patient cohorts from different institutions. A deep learning score (EGFR-DLS) was significantly and positively associated with longer progression free survival (PFS) in patients treated with EGFR-TKIs, while EGFR-DLS is significantly and negatively associated with higher durable clinical benefit, reduced hyperprogression, and longer PFS among patients treated with ICIs. Thus, the EGFR-DLS provides a non-invasive method for precise quantification of EGFR mutation status in NSCLC patients, which is promising to identify NSCLC patients sensitive to EGFR-TKI or ICI-treatments.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Aprendizado Profundo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Receptores ErbB/genética , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Intervalo Livre de Progressão
18.
J Control Release ; 328: 575-586, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32946873

RESUMO

The prevalence of infections with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) has progressively increased worldwide, which demonstrated to be closely correlated to its biofilm formation. H. pylori biofilms protect the bacteria by significantly decreasing their sensitivity to antibiotics. Moreover, H. pylori colonizes on the gastrointestinal tract epithelium which is covered by mucus layer, acting as another barrier to prevent antibacterial agents from reaching the colonization sites. Herein, we prepared four types of versatile self-assembled nanodrugs (BD/RHL NDs) containing lipophilic alkyl berberine derivatives (BDs) and rhamnolipids (RHL) to overcome the dual obstructions of both mucus layer and biofilms. Molecular dynamics simulations estimated that the driving forces for self-assembly of BD/RHL NDs were electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions. BD/RHL NDs, characterized by appropriate size, negative charge and enhanced hydrophilicity, successfully penetrated through mucus layer without interacting with mucins. In in vitro experiments, BD/RHL NDs exhibited substantial ability to eradicate H. pylori biofilms by destroying their extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and killing planktonic H. pylori. Furthermore, BD/RHL NDs inhibited the adherence of H. pylori on both biotic and abiotic surfaces, therefore cut off the critical step of the biofilm re-formation which was associated with the recrudescence of infections. In an H. pylori-infected mice model, C10-BD/RHL NDs group showed 40 folds less remnant H. pylori and greater mucosal protection compared with the conventional clinical triple therapy. In conclusion, BD/RHL NDs could penetrate through mucus layer and effectively eradicate H. pylori biofilms in vitro and in vivo, providing a novel strategy for clinical treatment of biofilm-related infections.

19.
Mol Cells ; 43(9): 793-803, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32863280

RESUMO

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) promote tumour progression by contributing to angiogenesis, immunosuppression, and immunotherapy resistance. Although recent studies have shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) can promote the expansion of MDSCs in the tumour environment, the mechanisms involved in this process are largely unknown. Here, we report that microRNA 449c (miR-449c) expression was upregulated in myeloid progenitor cells upon activation of C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 2 (CXCR2) under tumour conditions. MiR-449c upregulation increased the generation of monocytic MDSCs (mo-MDSCs). The increased expression of miR-449c could target STAT6 mRNA in myeloid progenitor cells to shift the differentiation balance of myeloid progenitor cells and lead to an enhancement of the mo-MDSCs population in the tumour environment. Thus, our results demonstrate that the miR-449c/STAT6 axis is involved in the expansion of mo-MDSCs from myeloid progenitor cells upon activation of CXCR2, and thus, inhibition of miR-449c/STAT6 signalling may help to attenuate tumour progression.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32760710

RESUMO

Stem cells constantly encounter as well as respond to a variety of signals in their microenvironment. Although the role of biochemical factors has always been emphasized, the significance of biophysical signals has not been studied until recently. Additionally, biophysical elements, like extracellular matrix (ECM) stiffness, can regulate functions of stem cells. In this study, we demonstrated that soft matrix with 1-10 kPa can induce neural differentiation of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs). Importantly, we used a combination of soft matrix and bone morphogenetic protein receptor (BMPR) inhibition to promote neurogenic differentiation of hUC-MSCs. Furthermore, BMPR/SMADs occurs in crosstalk with the integrinß1 downstream signaling pathway. In addition, BMPR inhibition plays a positive role in maintaining the undifferentiated state of hUC-MSCs on the hydrogel substrate. The results provide further evidence for the molecular mechanisms via which stem cells convert mechanical inputs into fateful decisions.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...