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1.
New Phytol ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614233

RESUMO

Stem pitting is a common virus-induced disease phenotype that tremendously impacts growth of perennial woody plants. How stem pitting develops in the infected trees remains unclear. Here, we assessed the development of stem pits upon infection of citrus by Citrus tristeza virus (CTV), which has been regarded as "phloem-limited". By taking advantage of a highly susceptible virus host - Citrus macrophylla - and a CTV isolate lacking a viral effector - the p33 protein, the development pattern of stem pitting was revealed via time-course observations and histological analyses. The stem pits result from the virus-colonized non-lignified "gumming" malformations which are initiated by virus invasion into multiple spatially separated tissue layers - protophloem, metaphloem, and, unexpectedly, metaxylem. Notably, invasion of CTV into the unspecialized metaxylem cells interrupted the differentiation of the xylem tracheary elements. With the radial spread of CTV into the adjacent cells towards the stem periphery, the clusters of virus-colonized immature metaxylem cells extended in size, merging, at a certain stage, with virus-bearing cells in the proto- and metaphloem layers. Collectively, our data provide a new insight into the process of the stem pitting development and the role of the xylem tissue in the virus pathogenicity.

2.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5755, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599172

RESUMO

Strain glass is a glassy state with frozen ferroelastic/martensitic nanodomains in shape memory alloys, yet its nature remains unclear. Here, we report a glassy feature in strain glass that was thought to be only present in structural glasses. An abnormal hump is observed in strain glass around 10 K upon normalizing the specific heat by cubed temperature, similar to the boson peak in metallic glass. The simulation studies show that this boson-peak-like anomaly is caused by the phonon softening of the non-transforming matrix surrounding martensitic domains, which occurs in a transverse acoustic branch not associated with the martensitic transformation displacements. Therefore, this anomaly neither is a relic of van Hove singularity nor can be explained by other theories relying on structural disorder, while it verifies a recent theoretical model without any assumptions of disorder. This work might provide fresh insights in understanding the nature of glassy states and associated vibrational properties.

3.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600955

RESUMO

The combination of ultrasound and chemotherapy has been proposed as a promising strategy to achieve a better anticancer therapeutic efficacy. Here we present a facile strategy to construct novel bifunctional nanodroplets as smart vehicles for ultrasound and pH responsive delivery of anticancer agents. PFH is used as core and chitosan/alginate complexes are used as the stable shells of the nanodroplets. The effects of alginate/chitosan ratio, and the amount of surfactant as well as PFH on the size, size distribution, and encapsulation efficiency of nanodroplets are systematically investigated with the optimized formulation identified. The release of the encapsulated doxorubicin hydrochloride can be triggered by changing the pH value of the surrounding environment and the exposure to ultrasound. The nanodroplets also show strong ultrasound contrast via droplet-to-bubble transition as demonstrated by B-mode ultrasound imaging. The hemolytic activity and cytotoxicity are further studied, revealing the biocompatibility of the nanodroplets. The in vivo antitumor results demonstrate that the prepared droplets show excellent antitumor therapeutic efficacy and outstanding tumor-targeting ability. The proposed alginate/chitosan stabilized PFH nanodroplets represent an important advance in fabricating multifunctional therapeutic materials with great promises in the applications of combined antitumor therapies.

4.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 101(Pt A): 108166, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628270

RESUMO

Our previous studies demonstrated that Curc-mPEG454, a curcumin derivative modified with short-chain polyethylene glycol (PEG), not only increased the blood concentration of curcumin, but also retained its anti-inflammatory activity. Here, we aimed to evaluate the anti-fibrotic effect of Curc-mPEG454 on a rat liver fibrosis model induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4), and to explore the underlying mechanisms by integrating our total liver RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data with recent liver single-cell sequencing (scRNA-seq) studies. 50 mg/kg and 100 mg/kg Curc-mPEG454 treatment significantly reduced the elevation of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) induced by CCl4, and the incidence of liver cirrhosis decreased from 75% to 37% and 35%, respectively. RNA-seq analysis revealed that Curc-mPEG454 significantly upregulated aldehyde oxidase 1 (AOX1) while downregulated cytochrome p450 26A1 (CYP26A1) and cytochrome p450 26B1 (CYP26B1) resulting in restoring liver retinoic acid (RA) level, increased glutamate-cysteine ligase catalytic subunit (GCLC) and glutamate-cysteine ligase modifier subunit (GCLM) expression to synthesize hepatic glutathione (GSH), and inhibited liver inflammation via down-regulating the Prostaglandin E Synthase 2 (PTGES2)/prostacyclin E2 (PGE2) signaling. Integrating scRNA-seq data revealed that Curc-mPEG454 effectively inhibited the expansion of scar-associated macrophage subpopulation and scar-producing myofibroblasts in the damaged liver, and remodeled the fibrotic niche via regulation of ligand-receptor interactions including platelet-derived growth factor-B (PDGF-B)/platelet-derived growth factor receptor-α (PDGFR-α) signaling. As a multi-target prodrug, PEGylated curcumin deserves further attention and research.

5.
Nanoscale ; 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34651623

RESUMO

Angiogenesis is an essential process for tumor development. Owing to the imbalance between pro- and anti-angiogenic factors, the tumor vasculature possesses the characteristics of tortuous, hyperpermeable vessels and compressive force, resulting in a reduction in the effect of traditional chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Anti-angiogenesis has emerged as a promising strategy for cancer treatment. Tumor angiogenesis, however, has been proved to be a complex process in which the tumor microenvironment (TME) plays a vital role in the initiation and development of the tumor microvasculature. The host stromal cells in the TME, such as cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs), tumor associated macrophages (TAMs) and Treg cells, contribute to angiogenesis. Furthermore, the abnormal metabolic environment, such as hypoxia and acidosis, leads to the up-regulated expression of angiogenic factors. Indeed, normalization of the tumor microvasculature via targeting and modulating the TME has become a promising strategy for anti-angiogenesis and anti-tumor therapy. In this review, we summarize the abnormalities of the tumor microvasculature, tumor angiogenesis induced by an abnormal metabolic environment and host stromal cells, as well as drug delivery therapies to restore the balance between pro- and anti-angiogenic factors by targeting and normalizing the tumor vasculature in the TME.

6.
Curr Med Sci ; 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34652629

RESUMO

The purpose of this review is to provide a comprehensive update on recent advances in heart transplantation in China. Despite advances in pharmacologic and device treatment of chronic heart failure, long-term morbidity and mortality remain high, and many patients progress to endstage heart failure. Heart transplantation has become standard treatment for selected patients with end-stage heart failure, though challenges still exist. However, multiple advances over the past few years will improve the survival and quality-of-life of heart transplant recipients. This article elaborates on the specific characteristics of heart transplantation in China, the current issues, development trends, and related experiences with heart transplantation in Wuhan Union Hospital.

7.
Front Immunol ; 12: 693775, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34484190

RESUMO

Small number of SARS-CoV-2 epidemic lineages did not efficiently exhibit a neutralization profile, while single amino acid mutation in the spike protein has not been confirmed in altering viral antigenicity resulting in immune escape. To identify crucial mutations in spike protein that escape humoral immune response, we evaluated the cross-neutralization of convalescent plasmas and RBD-specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against various spike protein-based pseudoviruses. Three of 24 SARS-CoV-2 pseudoviruses containing different mutations in spike protein, including D614G, A475V, and E484Q, consistently showed an altered sensitivity to neutralization by convalescent plasmas. A475V and E484Q mutants are highly resistant to neutralization by mAb B38 and 2-4, suggesting that some crucial mutations in spike protein might evolve SARS-CoV-2 variants capable of escaping humoral immune response.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Mutação , SARS-CoV-2/genética , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Substituição de Aminoácidos/genética , Substituição de Aminoácidos/imunologia , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Convalescença , Humanos , Evasão da Resposta Imune , Imunidade Humoral , Testes de Neutralização , Ligação Proteica
8.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(38): 11216-11224, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541846

RESUMO

Six new xanthone dimers, diaporxanthones A-F (1-6), and an unusual xanthone monomer diaporxanthone G (7), in addition to seven known analogues (8-14), were isolated and identified from endophytic Diaporthe goulteri L17 harbored in the fruits of the salt-tolerant plant Vitex trifolia. The chemical structures of these metabolites were elucidated on the basis of nuclear magnetic resonance, high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, and reported data in the literature. Their absolute configurations were established by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis together with time-dependent density functional theory electronic circular dichroism calculations. Among these compounds, compounds 1 and 6 exhibited moderate antifungal activities against Nectria sp. and Colletotrichum musae and compound 4 showed significant cytotoxicity against all selected five cancer cell lines.


Assuntos
Colletotrichum , Xantonas , Ascomicetos , Dicroísmo Circular , Estrutura Molecular , Xantonas/farmacologia
9.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 125935, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492864

RESUMO

Carbonaceous materials (CMs) have been applied extensively for enhancing the catalytic performance of environmental catalysts, however, the self-catalytic mechanism of CMs for groundwater remediation is rarely investigated. Herein, we unveiled the catalytic ability of various CMs via Fe(III) reduction through polyvinyl alcohol-coated calcium peroxide nanoparticles (PVA@nCP) for trichloroethylene (TCE) removal. Among selected CMs (graphite (G), biochar (BC) and activated carbon (AC)), BC and AC showed enhancement of TCE removal of 89% and 98% via both adsorption and catalytic degradation. BET and SEM analyses showed a higher adsorption capacity of AC (27.8%) than others. The generation of solution-Fe(II) and surface-Fe(II) revealed the reduction of Fe(III) on CMs-surface. The role of O-containing groups was investigated by the FTIR technique and XPS quantified the 52% and 57% surface-Fe(II) in BC and AC systems, respectively. EPR and quenching tests confirmed that both solution and surface-bound species (HO•, O2-• and 1O2) contributed to TCE degradation. Acidic pH condition encouraged TCE removal and the presence of HCO3- negatively affected TCE removal than other inorganic ions. Both schemes (PVA@nCP/Fe(III)/BC and PVA@nCP/Fe(III)/AC) exhibited promising results in the actual groundwater, surfactant-amended solution, and removal of other chlorinated-pollutants, opening a new direction towards green environmental remediation for prolonged benefits.


Assuntos
Água Subterrânea , Nanopartículas , Tricloroetileno , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Preparações de Ação Retardada , Compostos Férricos , Oxirredução , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
10.
Bioresour Technol ; 341: 125826, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523568

RESUMO

Corn straw (CS) was pretreated by ultrasonic combined aerobic with biogas slurry as medium for anaerobic digestion (AD), that strengthened the degradation efficiency CS, varied in the composition of digestion slurry, thereby the methane production was increased. Central combinatorial design (CCD) test was used to treat CS at ultrasonic power (200, 400, and 600 W), time (10, 20, and 30 min) and AD for 25 days, at 37 ± 1℃. According to data showed that the pH and volatile fatty acids (VFAs) affected methane production directly. With an ultrasonic power 309 W, time 26 min, it reached the maximum content of VFAs with 16.24 g/L, the cumulative methane production achieved the highest with 198.56 mL/g VS, which was 46.73% higher than unpretreated raw material as CK. Ultrasonic-aerobic hydrolysis pretreatment can obtain higher VFAs and methane production content in a short period of time that is great significance to biogas engineering.


Assuntos
Metano , Zea mays , Anaerobiose , Biocombustíveis , Hidrólise , Ultrassom
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34570323

RESUMO

Toluene is one of the pollutants that are dangerous to the environment and human health and has been sorted into priority pollutants; hence, the control of its emission is necessary. Due to severe problems caused by toluene, different techniques for the abatement of toluene have been developed. Catalytic oxidation is one of the promising methods and effective technologies for toluene degradation as it oxidizes it to CO2 and does not deliver other pollutants to the environment. This paper highlights the recent progressive advancement of the catalysts for toluene oxidation. Five categories of catalysts, including noble metal catalysts, transition metal catalysts, perovskite catalysts, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs)-based catalysts, and spinel catalysts reported in the past half a decade (2015-2020), are reviewed. Various factors that influence their catalytic activities, such as morphology and structure, preparation methods, specific surface area, relative humidity, and coke formation, are discussed. Furthermore, the reaction mechanisms and kinetics for catalytic oxidation of toluene are also discussed.

12.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(39): 21377-21383, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34409712

RESUMO

Hollow metal oxide microspheres (HMMs) have drawn enormous attention in different research fields. Reliable and scalable synthetic protocols applicable for a large variety of metal oxides are in emergent demand. Here we demonstrated that polymer hydrogel, such as the resorcinol formaldehyde (RF) one, existed as an efficient synthetic platform to build HMMs. Specifically, the RF gel forms stacked RF microspheres enlaced with its aqueous phase, where the following evaporation of the highly dispersed water leads to a gel-assisted precipitation (GAP) of the dissolved metal precursor onto the embedded polymeric solids suited for the creation of HMMs. By taking advantage of the structural features of hydrogel, this synthesis design avoids the delicate control on the usually necessitated coating process and provides a simple and effective synthetic process versatile for functional HMMs, particularly Nb2 O5 as a high-performance electrode material in Li-ion intercalation pseudocapacitor.

13.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(15)2021 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34372431

RESUMO

Despite the breakthroughs in accuracy and efficiency of object detection using deep neural networks, the performance of small object detection is far from satisfactory. Gaze estimation has developed significantly due to the development of visual sensors. Combining object detection with gaze estimation can significantly improve the performance of small object detection. This paper presents a centered multi-task generative adversarial network (CMTGAN), which combines small object detection and gaze estimation. To achieve this, we propose a generative adversarial network (GAN) capable of image super-resolution and two-stage small object detection. We exploit a generator in CMTGAN for image super-resolution and a discriminator for object detection. We introduce an artificial texture loss into the generator to retain the original feature of small objects. We also use a centered mask in the generator to make the network focus on the central part of images where small objects are more likely to appear in our method. We propose a discriminator with detection loss for two-stage small object detection, which can be adapted to other GANs for object detection. Compared with existing interpolation methods, the super-resolution images generated by CMTGAN are more explicit and contain more information. Experiments show that our method exhibits a better detection performance than mainstream methods.


Assuntos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Redes Neurais de Computação , Adaptação Fisiológica , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa
15.
Pediatr Pulmonol ; 56(10): 3310-3320, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Global Lung Function Initiative (GLI) 2012 equations were developed to resolve the age-related disparity in interpreting spirometry results. Local validation of the equation is needed, especially in Northeast Asian children. This study evaluated the GLI equation in Korean children. METHODS: Spirometry indices (FEV1, FVC, FEV1/FVC, and FEF25%-75%) and clinical information were gathered from three population-based birth cohorts. Predicted GLI reference values and z scores of spirometry results were calculated for 1239 healthy children. The mean, standard deviation of z scores were compared with the expected 0 and 1. Probabilities of falling below the lower limit of normal (LLN) (z score: -1.64) were compared with the expected value 5%. GLI z scores were assessed according to low (<-2), normal (≥-2 and ≤2), and high (>2) BMI z score groups. RESULTS: Mean z scores significantly differed from 0 for FEV1/FVC in males (mean [95% confidence interval]: 0.18 [0.08, 0.27]) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) in females (-0.23 [-0.31, -0.15] and -0.26 [-0.36, -0.16], respectively). The standard deviation was larger than 1 for all variables in males and FVC and FEV1/FVC in females. The probability of falling below the LLN was significantly larger than 5% for FEV1 (12.13% [9.64, 14.77]), FVC (15.86% [13.06, 18.81]), and forced expiratory flow at 25%-75% of forced vital capacity (FEF25%-75%) (7.31% [5.29, 9.49]) in males and FVC (11.91% [9.40, 14.60]) in females. FEV1 and FVC z scores increased across low to high body mass index (BMI) groups, and FEV1/FVC decreased from low to high BMI groups. CONCLUSION: GLI equations marginally differ from real-world values, which should be considered by pulmonologists in practice or research.

16.
Biomed Eng Online ; 20(1): 77, 2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34348731

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fractional flow reserve (FFR) is a widely used gold standard to evaluate ischemia-causing lesions. A new method of non-invasive approach, termed as AccuFFRct, for calculating FFR based on coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) has been proposed. However, its diagnostic accuracy has not been validated. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to present a novel approach for non-invasive computation of FFR and evaluate its diagnostic performance in patients with coronary stenosis. METHODS: A total of 54 consecutive patients with 78 vessels from a single center who underwent CCTA and invasive FFR measurement were retrospectively analyzed. The CT-derived FFR values were computed using a novel CFD-based model (AccuFFRct, ArteryFlow Technology Co., Ltd., Hangzhou, China). Diagnostic performance of AccuFFRct and CCTA in detecting hemodynamically significant coronary artery disease (CAD) was evaluated using the invasive FFR as a reference standard. RESULTS: Diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) for AccuFFRct in detecting FFR ≤ 0.8 on per-patient basis were 90.7, 89.5, 91.4, 85.0 and 94.1%, respectively, while those of CCTA were 38.9, 100.0, 5.71, 36.5 and 100.0%, respectively. The correlation between AccuFFRct and FFR was good (r = 0.76 and r = 0.65 on per-patient and per-vessel basis, respectively, both p < 0.0001). Area under the curve (AUC) values of AccuFFRct for identifying ischemia per-patient and per-vessel basis were 0.945 and 0.925, respectively. There was much higher accuracy, specificity and AUC for AccuFFRct compared with CCTA. CONCLUSIONS: AccuFFRct computed from CCTA images alone demonstrated high diagnostic performance for detecting lesion-specific ischemia, it showed superior diagnostic power than CCTA and eliminated the risk of invasive tests, which could be an accurate and time-efficient computational tool for diagnosing ischemia and assisting clinical decision-making.

17.
Acta Crystallogr D Struct Biol ; 77(Pt 8): 1064-1076, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342279

RESUMO

α-Glucosidase (EC 3.2.1.20) is a carbohydrate-hydrolyzing enzyme which generally cleaves α-1,4-glycosidic bonds of oligosaccharides and starch from the nonreducing ends. In this study, the novel α-glucosidase from Weissella cibaria BBK-1 (WcAG) was biochemically and structurally characterized. WcAG belongs to glycoside hydrolase family 13 (GH13) and to the neopullanase subfamily. It exhibits distinct hydrolytic activity towards the α-1,4 linkages of short-chain oligosaccharides from the reducing end. The enzyme prefers to hydrolyse maltotriose and acarbose, while it cannot hydrolyse cyclic oligosaccharides and polysaccharides. In addition, WcAG can cleave pullulan hydrolysates and strongly exhibits transglycosylation activity in the presence of maltose. Size-exclusion chromatography and X-ray crystal structures revealed that WcAG forms a homodimer in which the N-terminal domain of one monomer is orientated in proximity to the catalytic domain of another, creating the substrate-binding groove. Crystal structures of WcAG in complexes with maltose, maltotriose and acarbose revealed a remarkable enzyme active site with accessible +2, +1 and -1 subsites, along with an Arg-Glu gate (Arg176-Glu296) in front of the active site. The -2 and -3 subsites were blocked by Met119 and Asn120 from the N-terminal domain of a different subunit, resulting in an extremely restricted substrate preference.

18.
Acta Trop ; 223: 106072, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358513

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: On May 2, 2017, an outbreak of unexplained fever with rashes was reported in Lu'an, China. In this study, we aimed to identify the possible pathogens, epidemiological characteristics, and risk factors of this outbreak. METHODS: We conducted descriptive field epidemiological studies. Blood samples were tested using an indirect immunofluorescence assay for Rickettsia rickettsii antibody, and nested polymerase chain reaction and gene sequencing assays were performed. RESULTS: We recruited 39 cases who had symptomatic onset from April 20 to June 8, 2017. Among these, 9 were suspected cases, 18 were probable cases, and 12 were confirmed cases. No one died. The main clinical manifestations were fever (100%), rash (100%), fatigue (97.3%), myalgia (83.8%), and anorexia (83.8%). None of the patients died. Thirty-seven patients who were treated with antibiotics during hospitalization showed significant improvement. The cases were distributed across 14 townships in 2 counties. The median age was 59 (43.0-81.0) years, of which 93.3% had a history of tea picking (28/30), and 77.3% (17/22) had a history of tick bites. The mean incubation period was 5.0 days (2.0-13.0 days). Serum IgG titers were higher in convalescent patients than in the general population (p = 0.016). Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the ompA sequences of Rickettsia sp. Lu'an-2018 had an 86.8%-99.0% sequence identity with the 23 strains of Rickettsia found worldwide. CONCLUSIONS: This was the first reported outbreak of an undetermined species of a human infection with the spotted fever group of Rickettsia in China, which might be caused by ticks biting local residents when picking tea.


Assuntos
Rickettsia , Febre Maculosa das Montanhas Rochosas , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Mordeduras e Picadas , China/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Filogenia , Rickettsia/genética , Febre Maculosa das Montanhas Rochosas/epidemiologia , Carrapatos
19.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 43(3): 469-474, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238425

RESUMO

FAM60A,a cell cycle protein,is a subunit of the SIN3 transcription regulator family member A/histone deacetylase(SIN3-HDAC)complex and plays an important role in cell cycle regulation,cell morphology change,cell proliferation,differentiation and migration,early embryogenesis and so on.Studies in recent years have shown that FAM60A plays a role in the occurrence and development of tumors including human osteosarcoma,esophageal cancer,gastric cancer,lung cancer and liver cancer,providing a new research direction for tumor diagnosis and treatment.Based on the research results in recent years at home and abroad,this paper discussed the effects of FAM60A on cellular functions.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ciclo Celular , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Complexo Correpressor Histona Desacetilase e Sin3
20.
Acta Biomater ; 131: 128-137, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245894

RESUMO

Supramolecular hydrogel composed of aromatic short peptide gelator was an attractive biomaterial owing to its simple and convenient synthetic route, nano-fibrillar microstructure resembling natural collagen fibers and intelligent response to external stimulus. Herein, stimuli-responsive biphenyl-tripeptide supramolecular hydrogels was prepared to simulate extracellular matrix scaffolds by temperature switch, ion induction and pH switch. The amino acid arrangement substantially affected gelation behavior, only BPAA-ßAFF and BPAA-FFßA could form nanostructured supramolecular hydrogels with 8-10 nm nanotubes or nanofibers by potential intermolecular hydrogen bond interactions and π-π stacking. The minimum gelation concentration (MGC) and maximum storage modulus were 0.4 mM (0.023 wt%) and around 8.2 KPa. The two supramolecular hydrogels could support adhesion and proliferation of L929 cells. Moreover, the BPAA-ßAFF hydrogel promoted proliferation and ECM secretion of chondrocytes in vitro, and facilitate the phenotype maintenance of hyaline cartilage. All the results demonstrated that BPAA-ßAFF hydrogel hold great potential application prospects in cartilage tissue engineering. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Diphenylalanine was served as a core segment conjugating with 4-biphenylacetic acid (BPAA) to produce biphenyl-tripeptide compounds with transforming amino sequence, and multiple external stimuli was applied to study the gelation properties of the aromatic short peptide gelators. "FF" brick (phenylalanine-phenylalanine) was crucial for formation of fibrous supramolecular hydrogels. Meanwhile, the sequence of amino acids arrangement also had an essential effect on the gelation behavior. Optimal BPAA-ßAFF with ultra-low minimum gelation concentration (0.4 mM, about 0.023 wt%) and similar microstructure to extracellular matrix (ECM) of nature cartilage tissue could promote the proliferation and ECM secretion of chondrocytes in vitro, and facilitate the formation of hyaline cartilage.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Engenharia Tecidual , Biomimética , Compostos de Bifenilo , Condrócitos , Matriz Extracelular , Cartilagem Hialina , Tecidos Suporte
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