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1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(2): 1098-1108, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383110

RESUMO

In this study, the 2D porous graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) nanosheets were successfully fabricated via a facile thermal decomposition polymerization method without any help of templates, and then novel porous g-C3N4/CdS complex catalysts of different mass fractions were is situ synthesized by a simple solvothermal process. The results of photocatalytic experiments demonstrate that the coupling g-C3N4/CdS cocatalysts exhibit significant enhanced visible-light-driven photocatalytic activity for the decolorization of methyl orange (MO) compared with individual porous g-C3N4 and CdS. In particular, an optimal porous g-C3N4 content in the hybridized composite has been determined to be 70 wt.%, corresponding to pseudo-first-order rate constant of 0.046 min-1, which is 7 and 11 times faster than that of pure porous g-C3N4 and CdS, respectively. Photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy measurements clearly confirmed that the recombination of photoproduced electrons and holes in g-C3N4/CdS composites was efficiently inhibited due to the formation of heterojunctions. Furthermore, the possible mechanism of enhanced photocatalytic activity and photostability of prous g-C3N4/CdS are also tentatively proposed.

2.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3928, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477692

RESUMO

Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), one of the most abundant immune components in gastric cancer (GC), are difficult to characterize due to their heterogeneity. Multiple approaches have been used to elucidate the issue, however, due to the tissue-destructive nature of most of these methods, the spatial distribution of TAMs in situ remains unclear. Here we probe the relationship between tumor context and TAM heterogeneity by multiplex immunohistochemistry of 56 human GC cases. Using distinct expression marker profiles on TAMs, we report seven predominant populations distributed between tumor and non-tumor tissue. TAM population-associated gene signatures reflect their heterogeneity and polarization in situ. Increased density of CD163+ (CD206-) TAMs with concurrent high CD68 expression is associated with upregulated immune-signaling and improved patient survival by univariate, but not multivariate analysis. CD68-only and CD206+ TAMs are correlated with high PDL1 expression.

3.
World Neurosurg ; 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476465

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cartilaginous endplate (CEP), a thin layer of hyaline cartilage located between the vertebral endplate and nucleus pulposus, transports the nutrient into the disc. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the influence of T140 (polyphemusin II -derived peptide) on the CEP cells growth, apoptosis and the matrix formation via SDF-1/CXCR4 signaling pathway. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were euthanized by cervical dislocation and dissected for the isolation and the appraisal of CEP cells which were extracted from end plate in rat intervertebral discs and were then added with different concentrations of reagents (SDF-1 and T140). The effect of T140 on CEP cell proliferation and apoptosis was analyzed. The mRNA and protein expressions of CXCR4, CD133, proteoglycans, type II collagen, Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax) and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl2) were analyzed by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis. RESULTS: T140 promoted the proliferation of CEP cells, and inhibited the apoptosis of CEP cells. Besides, T140 suppressed the mRNA and protein expression of CXCR4, CD133 and Bax, and increased the mRNA and protein expression of proteoglycans, type II collagen and Bcl-2. CONCLUSIONS: T140 promotes the proliferation and matrix formation and inhibits the apoptosis of CEP cells by blocking SDF-1/CXCR4 signaling pathway in vitro, which provides a certain therapeutic effect on the degeneration of intervertebral discs.

4.
J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol ; 32(6): 354-364, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480984

RESUMO

As an enrichment strategy supplemented by the diagnostic framework of subjective cognitive decline (SCD), SCD plus identifies features that may increase the likelihood of including future-Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. This study aimed to identify the shared and distinct atrophy patterns between patients specified by SCD plus and amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI, a prodromal stage of AD) and to investigate the extent that automated brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) volumetry can differentiate patients with SCD from normal control (NC) participants and patients with aMCI. We acquired structural MRI brain scans from 44 patients with aMCI, 40 patients with SCD (who met the major criteria of SCD plus), and 48 NC participants. Automatic brain segmentation was performed to quantify the volumetric measures of cognitive-relevant areas. These volumetric measures were compared across the 3 groups with analysis of variance. In addition, we performed support vector machine analyses using volumetric measures of single regions or multiple regions to further evaluate the sensitivity of automated brain volumetry in differentiating a specific group from another. The atrophy patterns in patients with aMCI and SCD were similar. Using the regional volumetric measures, we achieved high performance in differentiating aMCI and SCD from NCs (average classification accuracy [ACC] > 90%). However, the performance was not ideal when differentiating aMCI from SCD (ACC < 63%). In conclusion, patients with SCD specified by SCD plus presented similar atrophy patterns as patients with aMCI, which was distinguishable from NC participants. Future studies should aim to associate the atrophy patterns of SCD with possible conversion to aMCI or AD in a longitudinal design.

5.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 19(1): 166, 2019 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31470814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: King Vision and McGrath MAC video laryngoscopes (VLs) are increasingly used. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of nasotracheal intubation in patients with predicted difficult intubations using non-channeled King Vision VL, McGrath MAC VL or Macintosh laryngoscope by experienced intubators. METHODS: Ninety nine ASA I or II adult patients, scheduled for oral maxillofacial surgeries with El-Ganzouri risk index 1-7 were enrolled. Patients were randomly allocated to intubate with one of three laryngoscopes (non-channeled King Vision, McGrath MAC and Macintosh). The intubators were experienced with more than 100 successful nasotracheal intubations using each device. The primary outcome was intubation time. The secondary outcomes included first success rate, time required for viewing the glottis, Cormack-Lehane grade of glottis view, the number of assist maneuvers, hemodynamic responses, the subjective evaluating of sensations of performances and associated complications. RESULTS: The intubation time of King Vision and McGrath group was comparable (37.6 ± 7.3 s vs. 35.4 ± 8.8 s) and both were shorter than Macintosh group (46.8 ± 10.4 s, p < 0.001). Both King Vision and McGrath groups had a 100% first attempt success rate, significantly higher than Macintosh group (85%, p < 0.05). The laryngoscopy time was comparable between King Vision and McGrath group (16.7 ± 5.5 s vs. 15.6 ± 6.3 s) and was shorter than Macintosh group (22.8 ± 7.2 s, p < 0.05) also. Compared with Macintosh laryngoscope, Glottis view was obviously improved when exposed with either non-channeled King Vision or McGrath MAC VL (p < 0.001), and assist maneuvers required were reduced (p < 0.001). The maximum fluctuations of MAP were significantly attenuated in VL groups (47.7 ± 12.5 mmHg and 45.1 ± 10.3 mmHg vs. 54.9 ± 10.2 mmHg, p < 0.05 and p < 0.01). Most device insertions were graded as excellent in McGrath group, followed by Macintosh and King Vision group (p = 0.0014). The tube advancements were easier in VLs compared with the Macintosh laryngoscope (p < 0.001). Sore throat was found more frequent in Macintosh group compared with King Vision group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Non-channeled King Vision and McGrath MAC VLs were comparable and both devices facilitated nasotracheal intubation in managing predicted difficult intubations compared with Macintosh laryngoscope. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials registration number NCT03126344 . Registered on April 24, 2017.

6.
Aging Cell ; : e13027, 2019 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493351

RESUMO

Aging is characterized by a progressive loss of physiological integrity, while cancer represents one of the primary pathological factors that severely threaten human lifespan and healthspan. In clinical oncology, drug resistance limits the efficacy of most anticancer treatments, and identification of major mechanisms remains a key to solve this challenging issue. Here, we highlight the multifaceted senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP), which comprises numerous soluble factors including amphiregulin (AREG). Production of AREG is triggered by DNA damage to stromal cells, which passively enter senescence in the tumor microenvironment (TME), a process that remarkably enhances cancer malignancy including acquired resistance mediated by EGFR. Furthermore, paracrine AREG induces programmed cell death 1 ligand (PD-L1) expression in recipient cancer cells and creates an immunosuppressive TME via immune checkpoint activation against cytotoxic lymphocytes. Targeting AREG not only minimized chemoresistance of cancer cells, but also restored immunocompetency when combined with classical chemotherapy in humanized animals. Our study underscores the potential of in vivo SASP in driving the TME-mediated drug resistance and shaping an immunosuppressive niche, and provides the proof of principle of targeting major SASP factors to improve therapeutic outcome in cancer medicine, the success of which can substantially reduce aging-related morbidity and mortality.

7.
Int J Dev Neurosci ; 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499143

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The second trimester is a period of neurogenesis and neuronal migration, which may be affected by exposure to anesthetics. Studies have suggested that multiple anesthetic exposures may have a significant impact on neuronal migration. METHODS: Pregnant C57BL/6 mice at embryonic day 14.5 were randomly divided into four groups: Con x 1, Sev x 1, Con x 2, and Sev x 2. Cortical neuronal migration in offspring mice was detected by GFP immunostaining, and the number of cells in the cortex was analyzed. RESULTS: Dual exposure to sevoflurane, not single sevoflurane exposure, caused neuronal migration deficits. Dual exposure to sevoflurane increased the expression of prostaglandin D2 synthase (Ptgds). Furthermore, Ptgds siRNA attenuated neuronal migration deficits induced by dual sevoflurane exposure. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that multiple sevoflurane exposures in pregnant mice may induce neuronal migration deficits in offspring mice. Additional studies comprising long-term behavioral tests are required to confirm the effects of sevoflurane exposure during pregnancy.

8.
Eur Spine J ; 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489485

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of cervical arthroplasty using the ProDisc-C prosthesis. METHODS: Clinical and radiographic evaluations, including dynamic flexion-extension lateral images, were performed at baseline and at 10-year follow-up. RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients who had single-level ProDisc-C arthroplasty were followed up for a mean period of 123 months. The range of motion at the operated level was 8.9° ± 3.9° at baseline and 6.6° ± 3.5° at final follow-up. Twenty of 27 levels (74%) developed heterotopic ossification. According to McAfee's classification, one level was classified as grade I, four levels were classified as grade II, 12 levels were classified as grade III and three levels were classified as grade IV. Three patients developed recurrent cervical radiculopathy or myelopathy due to adjacent segment disease and received the reoperations. The reoperations included two cases of cervical arthroplasty at adjacent segments and one case of cervical laminoplasty. CONCLUSIONS: ProDisc-C arthroplasty had acceptable clinical and radiographic results at 10-year follow-up. Heterotopic ossification was common after ProDisc-C arthroplasty, which decreased the range of motion. These slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.

9.
Cell Death Differ ; 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515511

RESUMO

Acute liver injury is commonly caused by bacterial endotoxin/lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and by drug overdose such as acetaminophen (APAP). The exact role of epigenetic modification in acute liver injury remains elusive. Here, we investigated the role of histone methyltransferase G9a in LPS- or APAP overdose-induced acute liver injury. Under D-galactosamine sensitization, liver-specific G9a-deficient mice (L-G9a-/-) exhibited 100% mortality after LPS injection, while the control and L-G9a+/- littermates showed very mild mortality. Moreover, abrogation of hepatic G9a or inhibiting the methyltransferase activity of G9a aggravated LPS-induced liver damage. Similarly, under sublethal APAP overdose, L-G9a-/- mice displayed more severe liver injury. Mechanistically, ablation of G9a inhibited H3K9me1 levels at the promoters of Gstp1/2, two liver detoxifying enzymes, and consequently suppressed their transcription. Notably, treating L-G9a-/- mice with recombinant mouse GSTP1 reversed the LPS- or APAP overdose-induced liver damage. Taken together, we identify a novel beneficial role of G9a-GSTP1 axis in protecting against acute liver injury.

10.
Neurochem Res ; 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515677

RESUMO

Mas-related G-protein-coupled receptor subtype C (MrgC) has been shown to play an important role in the development of bone cancer pain. Ubiquitination is reported to participate in pain. However, whether MrgC ubiquitination plays a role in bone cancer pain remains unclear. To answer this question, we designed and performed this study. Osteosarcoma cells were implanted into the intramedullary space of the right femurs of C3H/HeJ mice to induce progressive bone cancer pain. MrgC agonist bovine adrenal medulla 8-22 (BAM 8-22) or MrgC antagonist anti-MrgC antibody were injected intrathecally on day 14 after bone cancer pain was successfully induced. The pain behaviors, the MrgC ubiquitination levels and intracellular calcium concentration in spinal neurons were measured before and after injection, respectively. With comparison to normal and sham group, mice in tumor group exhibited serious bone cancer pain on day 14, and the level of MrgC ubiquitination and intracellular calcium concentration in spinal neurons was significantly higher. Intrathecal injection of BAM 8-22 significantly alleviated bone cancer pain, increased the MrgC ubiquitination level and decreased intracellular calcium concentration in spinal neurons; however, these effects were reversed by administration of anti-MrgC antibody. Our study reveals that MrgC ubiquitination participates in the production and maintenance of bone cancer pain in mice, possibly through the regulation of intracellular calcium concentration in mice spinal neurons.

11.
Nanoscale ; 2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517380

RESUMO

Synthetic vesicles of amphiphilic Janus dendrimers are known as dendrimersomes. The understanding of the conditions and formation mechanism of dendrimersomes is meaningful for further controlling the structures. Herein, the characteristics of the self-assembly of amphiphilic Janus dendrimer/water solutions into unilamellar and onion-like dendrimersomes are studied by molecular dynamics simulations via a spherical single-site Janus particle model. The model with two distinct surfaces, one hydrophobic side and another hydrophilic side, describes the amphiphilic nature of Janus dendrimers. By reducing the dendrimers with complex architectures to be simple Janus particles, we investigate the concentration-dependent self-assembled structures as well as the enthalpy-driven formation process of onion-like dendrimersomes, in contrast to the entropy-mediated self-assembly of amphiphilic flexible chains. Three typical equilibrium morphologies including linear micelles, lamellar structures and vesicles are found upon varying the Janus balance and dendrimer concentration. It is observed that the dendrimersomes consisting of the dendrimers with neglectable molecular configuration entropy become very stable, which agrees well with experimental observation. Specifically, different from many lipidsomes and polymersomes which can spontaneously merge, the size of dendrimersomes will not increase through mutual fusion once the well-defined onion-like structure is formed. Moreover, the discharge of water is achieved by water diffusion in our simulations, instead of in the "peeling-one-onion-layer-at-a-time" fashion. Our study combined with the previous ones using flexible chain models could depict a complete picture of dendrimersomes in favor of their applications in drug and gene delivery.

12.
Appl Opt ; 58(19): 5267-5272, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31503624

RESUMO

This paper presents a special design of a new kind of silicon nitride/titanium oxide hybrid waveguide with multi-layer materials laminate structure aiming at broadband athermal operation. By incorporating three layers of titanium oxide whose thermo-optic coefficient (TOC) is negative in the waveguide core and upper cladding regions, the thermal drift of the conventional strip waveguide induced by the positive TOC of silicon nitride is fully compensated, with the effective TOC of the hybrid waveguide achieving zero at 1550 nm and only varying extremely slightly within ±6×10-7/K in the wavelength band from 1350 to 1850 nm. In addition, due to the inherent alternate growth manner of titanium dioxide and silicon nitride thin layers, this new kind of multi-layer material laminate structure waveguide holds the potential of avoiding the challenging growth of low-stress crack-free single-layer silicon nitride film thick enough for realizing an anomalous dispersion waveguide. Furthermore, we numerically demonstrate the different influences of the temperature change on optical frequency comb generation between the traditional waveguide and the hybrid waveguide, and we find that the athermal hybrid waveguide is much more temperature insensitive than the strip waveguide.

13.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(4): 372-377, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31512828

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This work aims to uncover the promoting effect of 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) irrigation on the dentin adhesion of Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis). METHODS: Forty-eight half split samples and twelve dentin slices were randomly divided into three experimental groups and one control group. The experimental groups and the control group were soaked with EDTA in different time lengths and with normal saline, respectively. E. faecalis was inoculated, and its dentin adhesion was measured via scanning electron microscopy, confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), colony forming unit counts, and histological Gram staining. RESULTS: According to histological Gram staining, the depth showed no statistically significant differences between 1 min group and the control group, 1 min group and 3 min groups (P>0.05). E. faecalis intruded in the dentine tubules (measured by CLSM), and the thickness of the biofilm on the dentin surface and the colony numbers of experimental groups were greater than those of the control group (P<0.05). The differences between the three experimental groups were statistically signi-ficant (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: EDTA (17%) irrigation can promote E. faecalis adhesion to dentin. This adhesion would in turn prolong EDTA treatment time.

15.
Blood ; 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387917

RESUMO

Internal tandem duplication (ITD) mutations within the FMS-like tyrosine kinase-3 (FLT3) occur in up to 30% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients and confer a very poor prognosis. The oncogenic form of FLT3 is an important therapeutic target, and inhibitors specifically targeting FLT3 kinase can induce complete remission; however, relapse after remission has been observed due to acquired resistance with secondary mutations in FLT3, highlighting the need for new strategies to target FLT3-ITD mutations. Recent studies have reported that the aberrant formations of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are biological tumorigenesis-relevant mechanisms and potential therapeutic targets. Herein, we discovered a circRNA, circMYBL2, derived from the cell cycle checkpoint gene MYBL2 CircMYBL2 is more highly expressed in AML patients with FLT3-ITD mutations than in those without the FLT3-ITD mutation. We found that circMYBL2 knockdown specifically inhibits proliferation and promotes the differentiation of FLT3-ITD AML cells in vitro and in vivo Interestingly, we found that circMYBL2 significantly influences the protein level of mutant FLT3 kinase, which contributes to the activation of FLT3-ITD-dependent signaling pathways. Mechanistically, circMYBL2 enhanced the translational efficiency of FLT3 kinase by increasing the binding of PTBP1 to FLT3 mRNA. Moreover, circMYBL2 knockdown impaired the cytoactivity of inhibitor-resistant FLT3-ITD-positive cells, with a significant decrease in FLT3 kinase expression, followed by the inactivation of its downstream pathways. In summary, we are the first to reveal a circRNA that specifically influences FLT3-ITD AML and regulates FLT3 kinase levels through translational regulation, suggesting that circMYBL2 may be a potential therapeutic target for F LT3-ITD AML.

16.
J Food Biochem ; 43(8): e12955, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368545

RESUMO

Neurodegenerative diseases (NDDs) are characterized by progressive and irreversible, is a kind of complex illnesses, and the long-term therapy which is frequently associated with adverse side effects. Medicago sativa L., widely consumed as a vegetable, has the effects of improving memory and relieving central nervous system diseases. However, there are less studies on its specific mechanism for NDDs. In this investigation, we applied a method of network pharmacology, which combined molecular docking and network analysis to decipher the mechanisms of M. sativa in NDDs. The pharmacological system generated 55 triterpene saponins from M. sativa, and predicted 27 potential targets with 100 pathways in the treatment of NDDs. As a result, 13 compounds, 10 target proteins, and 6 signaling pathways were found to play important roles in the treatment of NDDs. In addition, in vitro experiments of isolates confirmed activities for NDDs, which were consistent with the results of network pharmacology prediction. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Medicago sativa L. has been widely consumed as a vegetable, which possesses many nutritional components. As a functional food stuff, M. sativa can improve human health, such as memory improving activities, relieving central nervous system diseases, immunomodulatory, antioxidant, anticancer, and anti-inflammatory. In this article, the mechanism of triterpene saponins from M. sativa against NDDs was successfully predicted by network pharmacology method. The results will serve as a reference of M. sativa against NDDs.

17.
Health Policy Plan ; 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419287

RESUMO

In India, most women now delivery in hospitals or other facilities, however, maternal and neonatal mortality remains stubbornly high. Studies have shown that mistreatment causes delays in care-seeking, early discharge and poor adherence to post-delivery guidance. This study seeks to understand the variation of women's experiences in different levels of government facilities. This information can help to guide improvement planning. We surveyed 2018 women who gave birth in a representative set of 40 government facilities from across Uttar Pradesh (UP) state in northern India. Women were asked about their experiences of care, using an established scale for person-centred care. We asked questions specific to treatment and clinical care, including whether tests such as blood pressure, contraction timing, newborn heartbeat or vaginal exams were conducted, and whether medical assessments for mothers or newborns were done prior to discharge. Women delivering in hospitals reported less attentive care than women in lower-level facilities, and were less trusting of their providers. After controlling for a range of demographic attributes, we found that better access, higher clinical quality, and lower facility-level, were all significantly predictive of patient-centred care. In UP, lower-level facilities are more accessible, women have greater trust for the providers and women report being better treated than in hospitals. For the vast majority of women who will have a safe and uncomplicated delivery, our findings suggest that the best option would be to invest in improvements mid-level facilities, with access to effective and efficient emergency referral and transportation systems should they be needed.

18.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3854, 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31451692

RESUMO

Exosomes have been implicated in numerous biological processes, and they may serve as important disease markers. Surface proteins on exosomes carry information about their tissues of origin. Because of the heterogeneity of exosomes it is desirable to investigate them individually, but this has so far remained impractical. Here, we demonstrate a proximity-dependent barcoding assay to profile surface proteins of individual exosomes using antibody-DNA conjugates and next-generation sequencing. We first validate the method using artificial streptavidin-oligonucleotide complexes, followed by analysis of the variable composition of surface proteins on individual exosomes, derived from human body fluids or cell culture media. Exosomes from different sources are characterized by the presence of specific combinations of surface proteins and their abundance, allowing exosomes to be separately quantified in mixed samples to serve as markers for tissue-specific engagement in disease.

19.
Neuroreport ; 30(14): 945-952, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31469718

RESUMO

As one of the major causes of mortality and disability worldwide, ischemic stroke has never been received enough attention. Following ischemia/reperfusion injury, long non-coding RNAs have been extensively found to be involved into inflammatory responses, microvascular endothelial cell death, and angiogenesis in the brain. The small nucleolar RNA host gene 12 was found to be significantly increased following transient middle cerebral artery occlusion. However, the effect and underlying mechanism of small nucleolar RNA host gene 12 in ischemic stroke remain to be explored. We established an oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygen in primary neurons model to mimic ischemic stroke. The 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide assay and lactate dehydrogenase assay were used to prove that knockdown small nucleolar RNA host gene 12 reduced cell viability after oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygen treatment. And the western blot showed that knockdown small nucleolar RNA host gene 12 aggravated the oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygen-induced apoptosis. What's more, the pro-inflammatory cytokine level was increased in small nucleolar RNA host gene 12 knockdown primary neurons. Mechanistically, the specific distribution of small nucleolar RNA host gene 12 in primary neurons was detected by fluorescence in situ hybridisation. Additionally, we demonstrate small nucleolar RNA host gene 12 attenuates oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygen injury through activating Akt signaling pathway. Therefore, the small nucleolar RNA host gene 12 may be the new potential therapeutic target for the alleviation of cerebral ischemic injury.

20.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 2187306, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31467874

RESUMO

Thrombin plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Baicalin, an active flavonoid compound, was shown to attenuate the development of atherosclerosis, but the mechanism remains elusive. In the present study, the role and mechanism of baicalin in thrombin-induced cell injury was investigated in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Our results showed that baicalin significantly reduced thrombin-induced apoptosis of HUVECs. Additional experiments showed that baicalin inhibited thrombin-induced NF-κB activation and PAR-1 expression. In addition, baicalin decreased thrombin-induced PAR-1 expression by inhibiting ERK pathway. These results indicated that baicalin has protective effects on thrombin-induced cell injury in HUVECs possibly through inhibition of PAR-1 expression and its downstream NF-κB activation, which was mediated by ERK1/2 activation.

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