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1.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0256870, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520454

RESUMO

Although they represent the cornerstone of analgesic therapy, opioids, such as morphine, are limited in efficacy by drug tolerance, hyperalgesia and other side effects. Activation of microglia and the consequent production of proinflammatory cytokines play a key pathogenic role in morphine tolerance, but the exact mechanisms are not well understood. This study aimed to investigate the regulatory mechanism of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) on microglial activation induced by morphine in mouse microglial BV-2 cells. In this research, BV-2 cells were stimulated with morphine or pretreated with AG1478 (an inhibitor of EGFR). Expression levels of cluster of differentiation molecule 11b (CD11b), EGFR, and phospho-EGFR were detected by immunofluorescence staining. Cell signaling was assayed by Western blot. The migration ability of BV-2 cells was tested by Transwell assay. The production of interleukin-1beta (IL-1ß) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in the cell supernatant was determined by ELISA. We observed that the expression of CD11b induced by morphine was increased in a dose- and time- dependent manner in BV-2 cells. Phosphorylation levels of EGFR and ERK1/2, migration of BV-2 cells, and production of IL-1ß and TNFα were markedly enhanced by morphine treatment. The activation, migration, and production of proinflammatory cytokines in BV-2 cells were inhibited by blocking the EGFR signaling pathway with AG1478. The present study demonstrated that the EGFR/ERK signaling pathway may represent a novel pharmacological strategy to suppress morphine tolerance through attenuation of microglial activation.

2.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 275, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521431

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a disease with distinct management complexities as it displays a remarkably heterogeneous molecular subtype. However, the landscape of angiogenesis for SCC is not fully investigated. METHOD AND MATERIALS: The angiogenesis-related subtypes of SCC were established by using the ConsensusClusterPlus package based on angiogenesis-related genes and TCGA data. We analyzed the alteration of genes and miRNAs as well as pathways associated with angiogenesis subtypes. Next, the regulation network, the correlation with genomic characteristics, immune microenvironment, and clinical features of the angiogenesis subtypes were further investigated. Finally, the prognostic impact of the angiogenesis-related subtypes for SCC was also analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 1368 SCC samples were included in this study. Two angiogenesis subtypes were then identified based on the one hundred and sixty-three angiogenesis-related genes with subtype1 (angiogenesis subtype) of 951 SCC patients and subtype2 (non-angiogenesis subtype) of 417 SCC. GSEA revealed that angiogenesis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition, inflammatory response, and hypoxia were enriched in the angiogenesis subtype. Eight of the 15 immune checkpoints (ADORA2A, BTLA, CD276, CYBB, HAVCR2, SIGLEC7, SIGLEC9, and VTCN1) were significantly upregulated while C10orf54 were significantly downregulated in the angiogenesis subtype. The survival analysis revealed that the patients in the angiogenesis subtype have poorer survival outcomes than those in the non-angiogenesis subtype (P = 0.017 for disease-free interval and P = 0.00013 for overall survival). CONCLUSION: Our analysis revealed a novel angiogenesis subtype classification in SCC and provides new insights into a hallmark of SCC progression.

3.
J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol ; 214: 105991, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Valproate (VPA) is an antiepileptic drug (AEDs) with an ideal effect against epilepsy as well as other neuropsychiatric diseases. There is considerable evidence that women taking VPA are prone to reproductive endocrine disorders. However, few studies have been published about VPA effects on human ovarian granulosa cells. METHODS: By treating human ovarian granulosa cell line KGN with VPA, the cell viability and progesterone production function were evaluated. RNA-sequencing was applied to uncover the global gene expression upon VPA treatment. RESULTS: We revealed that VPA dose-dependently repressed the viability of KGN. VPA treatment at 600 µM inhibited the progesterone production. The mRNA and protein expression of CYP11A1 and STAR, two key enzymes in the biosynthesis of progesterone, were both suppressed. Gene set enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analysis of the transcriptome revealed classical functions of VPA as a neuromodulator and regulator of histone acetylation modifications. In addition to this, VPA commonly affected many steroid metabolism related genes in follicle cells, such as promoting the expression of vitamin D receptor (VDR). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that VPA caused steroids metabolism pathways disturbance related with ovarian function and inhibited progesterone biosynthesis by inhibiting the expression of steroidogenesis genes. Our research may provide theoretical basis for the better use of VPA and the possible ways to counteract its side effects.

4.
Orthop Surg ; 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516712

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical efficacy between robot-assisted minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (robot-assisted MIS-TLIF) and traditional open TLIF surgery in the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis. METHODS: According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 48 cases with lumbar spondylolisthesis who received surgical treatment from June 2016 to December 2017 in the spinal surgery department of Beijing Jishuitan Hospital were analyzed in this study, including 23 patients who received robot-assisted MIS-TLIF and 25 patients who received traditional open TLIF surgery. The two groups were compared in terms of pedicle screw accuracy evaluated by Gertzbein-Robbins classification on postoperative computed tomography (CT), operation time, blood loss, postoperative drainage, hospitalization, time to independent ambulation, low back pain evaluated by visual analog scale (VAS), lumbar function evaluated by Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), paraspinal muscles atrophy on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and complications. RESULTS: Postoperative CT showed that the rate of Grade A screws in the robot-assisted MIS-TLIF group was significantly more than that in the open surgery group (χ2 = 4.698, P = 0.025). Compared with the open surgery group, the robot-assisted MIS-TLIF group had significantly less intraoperative blood loss, less postoperative drainage, shorter hospitalization, shorter time to independent ambulation, and lower VAS at 3 days post-operation (P < 0.05). However, the duration of surgery was longer. The VAS of the robot-assisted MIS-TLIF group decreased from 6.9 ± 1.8 at pre-operation to 2.1 ± 0.8 at post-operation, 1.8 ± 0.7 at 6-month follow-up and 1.6 ± 0.5 at 2-year follow-up. The VAS of the open surgery group decreased from 6.5 ± 1.7 at pre-operation to 3.7 ± 2.1 at post-operation, 2.1 ± 0.6 at 6-month follow-up and 1.9 ± 0.5 at 2-year follow-up. The ODI of the robot-assisted MIS-TLIF group decreased from 57.8% ± 8.9% at pre-operation to 18.6% ± 4.7% at post-operation, 15.7% ± 3.9% at 6-month follow-up and 14.6% ± 3.7% at 2-year follow-up. The ODI of the open surgery group decreased from 56.9% ± 8.8% at pre-operation to 20.8% ± 5.1% at post-operation, 17.3% ± 4.2% at 6-month follow-up and 16.5% ± 3.8% at 2-year follow-up. Paraspinal muscle cross-sectional area in 2-year follow-up in patients of the open surgery group decreased significantly compared to patients of robotic-assisted MIS-TLIF group (P = 0.016). CONCLUSION: In the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis, robot-assisted MIS-TLIF may lead to more precise pedicle screw placement, less intraoperative blood loss, less postoperative drainage, less postoperative pain, quicker recovery, and less paraspinal muscle atrophy than traditional open surgery.

5.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 21(1): 228, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517855

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been a proposed treatment option for ulcerative colitis (UC), however it has been difficult to understand the breadth and depth of evidence as various Chinese medicine therapies may produce effects differently. The aim of this evidence mapping is to visually understand the available evidence in the use of TCM in the treatment of UC, and to identify gaps in evidence to inform priorities of future research. METHODS: A systematic electronic literature search of six databases were performed to identify systematic reviews (SRs) on different Chinese medicine therapies in the treatment in UC. Methodological quality of the included SRs was assessed using AMSTAR 2. RESULTS: The mapping was based on 73 SRs, which included nine interventions that met eligibility criteria. The quality of the included SRs was very low. The diseases stages of patients with UC varied greatly, from active to remission, to non-acute outbreak, to not reported. The results mostly favored the method of intervention. Oral administration combined with enema was the most widely used route of administration in secondary research. CONCLUSION: Based on the current evidence, the treatment of UC with TCM can only be recommended cautiously. A majority of included SRs did not report the location of the disease, the disease classification, and the route of administration of the intervention. Further research is needed on the effectiveness of Chinese medicine alone in the treatment of UC. The effectiveness of combined Chinese and conventional medicine combined with different routes of administration cannot be confirmed. Attention should be paid to the methodological quality of the systematic review. Unifies the outcome indicators used in the evaluation of effectiveness.

6.
Stem Cell Rev Rep ; 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510359

RESUMO

Scar is a common way of healing after tissue injury. The poor scar healing will not only cause dysfunction of tissues and organs but also affect the appearance of the patients' body surface, which causes the pressure of life and spirit to the patients. However, the formation of scar tissue is an extremely complex process and its mechanism is not fully understood. At present, there is no treatment method to eliminate scars completely. Fibroblasts are the most abundant cells in the dermis, which have the ability to synthesize and remodel extracellular matrix (ECM). Myofibroblasts actively participate in the wound healing process and influence the outcome. Therefore, both of them play important roles in wound healing and scar formation. Adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are pluripotent stem cells that can act on target cells by paracrine. Adipose tissue stem cell-derived exosomes (ADSC-Exos) are important secretory substances of ADSCs. They are nanomembrane vesicles that can transport a variety of cellular components and fuse with target cells. In this review, we will discuss the effects of ADSCs and ADSC-Exos on the behavior of fibroblasts and myofibroblasts during wound healing and scarring stage in combination with recent studies.

7.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(9): 844, 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511602

RESUMO

Enhanced DNA damage repair capacity attenuates cell killing of DNA-damaging chemotherapeutic agents. In silico analysis showed that epithelial membrane protein 3 (EMP3) is associated with favorable survival, and negatively regulates cell cycle S-phase. Consistently, loss and gain of function studies demonstrated that EMP3 inhibits breast cancer cell S-phage entry, DNA replication, DNA damage repair, and stem-like properties. Moreover, EMP3 blocks Akt-mTOR signaling activation and induces autophagy. EMP3 negatively modulates BRCA1 and RAD51 expression, indicating EMP3 suppresses homologous recombination repair of DNA double-strand breaks. Accordingly, EMP3 sensitizes breast cancer cells to the DNA-damaging drug Adriamycin. EMP3 downregulates YTHDC1, a RNA-binding protein involved in m6a modification, which at least in part mediates the effects of EMP3 on breast cancer cells. Taken together, these data indicate that EMP3 is a putative tumor suppressor in breast cancer, and EMP3 downregulation may be responsible for breast cancer chemoresistance.

8.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514714

RESUMO

Oridonin, a natural diterpenoid compound extracted from a Chinese herb, has been proved to exert anti-oxidative stress effects in various disease models. The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effects of oridonin on oxidative stress-induced endothelial injury in ischaemic stroke. We found oridonin repaired blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity presented with upregulation of tight junction proteins (TJ proteins) expression, inhibited the infiltration of periphery inflammatory cells and neuroinflammation and thereby reduced infarct volume in ischaemic stroke mice. Furthermore, our results showed that oridonin could protect against oxidative stress-induced endothelial injury via promoting nuclear translocation of nuclear factor-erythroid 2 related factor 2 (Nrf-2). The specific mechanism could be the activation of AKT(Ser473)/GSK3ß(Ser9)/Fyn signalling pathway. Our findings revealed the therapeutic effect and mechanism of oridonin in ischaemic stroke, which provided fundamental evidence for developing the extracted compound of Chinese herbal medicine into an innovative drug for ischaemic stroke treatment.

9.
Mol Biol Evol ; 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515790

RESUMO

Miniaturization has occurred in many animal lineages, including insects and vertebrates, as a widespread trend during animal evolution. Among Hymenoptera, miniaturization has taken place in some parasitoid wasp lineages independently, and may have contributed to the diversity of species. However, the genomic basis of miniaturization is little understood. Diverged approximately 200 million years ago, Telenomus wasps (Platygastridae) and Trichogramma wasps (Chalcidoidea) have both evolved to a highly reduced body size independently, representing a paradigmatic example of convergent evolution. Here we report a high-quality chromosomal genome of Telenomus remus, a promising candidate for controlling Spodoptera frugiperda, a notorious pest that has recently caused severe crop damage. The T. remus genome (129 megabases) is characterized by a low density of repetitive sequence and a reduction of intron length, resulting in the shrinkage of genome size. We show that hundreds of genes evolved faster in two miniaturized parasitoids Trichogramma pretiosum and T. remus. Among them, 38 genes exhibit extremely accelerated evolutionary rates in these miniaturized wasps, possessing diverse functions in eye and wing development as well as cell size control. These genes also highlight potential roles in body size regulation. In sum, our analyses uncover a set of genes with accelerated evolutionary rates in T. pretiosum and T. remus, which might be responsible for their convergent adaptations to miniaturization, and thus expand our understanding on the evolutionary basis of miniaturization. Additionally, the genome of T. remus represents the first genome resource of superfamily Platygastroidea, and will facilitate future studies of Hymenoptera evolution and pest control.

10.
Neurol Ther ; 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515952

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Concentrations of plasma biomarkers associated with Alzheimer's disease have been reported to be as low as several tens of picograms/milliliter (pg/ml). However, in assays measuring these biomarkers, it is likely that repeated measurements are necessary to obtain reliable values. METHODS: We performed assays as a single test or as duplicate, quadruplicate, fivefold and tenfold repeated tests, on samples spiked with different concentrations of amyloid ß 1-40 (Aß1-40; 1-1000 pg/ml), Aß1-42 (1-30,000 pg/ml) and total Tau protein (T-Tau; 0.1-1000 pg/ml), with the aim to to calculate the coefficients of variation (CVs). RESULTS: The results demonstrated common changes in the CVs with changes in the number of tests for a given sample: the CVs decreased with increases in the number of tests from one to ten. All CV values were distributed within the range of 0.35 to 15.5%; as such, the CV values were all lower than the acceptable value of 20%. CONCLUSION: Based on this study, a single assay of Aß1-40, Aß1-42 and T-Tau, respectively, provides reliable results in terms of the measurement of that plasma biomarker.

11.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 17667, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480069

RESUMO

The global sea-level budget is studied using the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) solutions, Satellite Altimetry and Argo observations based on the updated budget equation. When the global ocean mass change is estimated with the updated Tongji-Grace2018 solution, the misclosure of the global sea-level budget can be reduced by 0.11-0.22 mm/year compared to four other recent solutions (i.e. CSR RL06, GFZ RL06, JPL RL06 and ITSG-Grace2018) over the period January 2005 to December 2016. When the same missing months as the GRACE solution are deleted from altimetry and Argo data, the misclosure will be reduced by 0.06 mm/year. Once retained the GRACE C20 term, the linear trends of Tongji-Grace2018 and ITSG-Grace2018 solutions are 2.60 ± 0.16 and 2.54 ± 0.16 mm/year, closer to 2.60 ± 0.14 mm/year from Altimetry-Argo than the three RL06 official solutions. Therefore, the Tongji-Grace2018 solution can reduce the misclosure between altimetry, Argo and GRACE data, regardless of whether the C20 term is replaced or not, since the low-degree spherical harmonic coefficients of the Tongji-Grace2018 solution can capture more ocean signals, which are confirmed by the statistical results of the time series of global mean ocean mass change derived from five GRACE solutions with the spherical harmonic coefficients truncated to different degrees and orders.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473476

RESUMO

Sustainable ultrathin stretchable power sources have emerged with the development of wearable electronics. They obtain energy from living organisms and the environment to drive these wearable electronics. Here, an ultrathin stretchable and triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) improved by chargeable carbon black (CB)/thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) composite material (CT-TENG) is proposed for mechanical energy harvesting and physiological signal sensing. The CB/TPU composite can act as both a stretchable electrode and a triboelectric layer due to the coexistence of conductive CB and dielectric TPU. The CT-TENG demonstrates good stretchability (≈646%), ultrathin thickness (≈50 µm), and a lightweight (≈62 mg). The triboelectric electrode material can be improved by postcharging treatment. With the corona charging process, the output performance of the CT-TENG was improved eightfold and reached 41 V. Moreover, the CT-TENG with a self-powered sensing capability can inspect the amplitude and frequency of different physiological movements. Consequently, the CT-TENG is promising in promoting the development of electronic skins, wearable systems of self-powered sensors, human-machine interactions, soft robotics, and artificial intelligence applications.

13.
Org Lett ; 23(17): 6691-6696, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474567

RESUMO

A novel and efficient strategy for trifluoromethylthiolation and dearomatization of activated alkynes with stable and readily available AgSCF3 has been developed. Reported herein is the unprecedented electrochemical generation of the SCF3 radical in the absence of persulfate for the synthesis of SCF3-containing spiro[5,5]trienones in good yields via a 6-exo-trig radical cyclization.

14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(15): 3934-3942, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472270

RESUMO

The present study aimed to explore the effect of Erxian Decoction on proteomics of osteoblasts stimulated by hydrogen peroxide(H_2O_2) and its protective mechanism with the H_2O_2-induced cell model of oxidative stress. The primary osteoblasts were cultured from the skulls of newborn rats(within 24 hours) and divided into a control group, a model group, a Fosamax group, and an Erxian Decoction group. Blank serum was added in the control group and model group, and the drug-containing serum was added correspondingly to the remaining two groups. After 45 hours, H_2O_(2 )stimulation was conducted for three hours except for the control group, followed by protein extraction. Nano-LC-LTQ-Orbitrap system was used for protein detection, Protein Discovery for protein identification, and SIEVE for quantitative and qualitative analysis. Furthermore, following the blocking of PI3 K signaling pathway by LY294002(10 µmol·L~(-1)), a control group, a model group, an LY294002 group, an Erxian Decoction group, and an Erxian Decoction + LY294002 group were set up to observe the effect of Erxian Decoction on cell proliferation, alkaline phosphatase(ALP) activity, and the relative expression of BMP-2, OPG, p-Akt, p-FoxO1 of osteoblasts stimulated by H_2O_2 under LY294002 intervention. The results revealed that 78 differential proteins were discovered between the Erxian Decoction group and model group, which were involved in the regulation of PI3 K/Akt, glucagon, estrogen, insulin, and other signaling pathways. LY294002 blunted the promoting effect of Erxian Decoction on osteoblast proliferation and significantly down-regulated the expression of OPG and p-FoxO1, whereas its down-regulation on the expression of BMP-2 and p-Akt was not significant. Both LY294002 and Erxian Decoction increased the ALP activity of osteoblasts, which may be related to the cell state and the cell differentiation. The above results suggest that Erxian Decoction can protect osteoblasts stimulated by H_2O_2, with the PI3 K/Akt signaling pathway as one of the internal mechanisms.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Animais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteômica , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais
15.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 17513, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471163

RESUMO

The control of axillary bud development after removing the terminal buds (topping) of plants is a research hotspot, and the control of gene expression, like switching on and off, allows us to further study biological traits of interest, such as plant branching and fertility. In this study, a toxin gene control system for plants based on dexamethasone (DEX) induction was constructed, and the positive transgenic tobacco exhibited growth retardation in the application area (axillary bud). The expression level of the lethal Diphtheria toxin A (DTA) gene under different DEX concentrations at different application days was analyzed. The highest expression levels appeared at 5 days after the leaf injection of DEX. The DTA transcripts were induced by 5 µM DEX and peaked in response to 50 µM DEX at 5 days after leaf injection. Here, a chemical induction system, combined with a toxin gene, were used to successfully control the growth of tobacco axillary buds after topping. The DTA expression system under DEX induction was sensitive and efficient, therefore, can be used to control axillary bud growth and development in tobacco.

16.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5289, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34489419

RESUMO

Microglia are brain-resident immune cells with a repertoire of functions in the brain. However, the extent of their interactions with the vasculature and potential regulation of vascular physiology has been insufficiently explored. Here, we document interactions between ramified CX3CR1 + myeloid cell somata and brain capillaries. We confirm that these cells are bona fide microglia by molecular, morphological and ultrastructural approaches. Then, we give a detailed spatio-temporal characterization of these capillary-associated microglia (CAMs) comparing them with parenchymal microglia (PCMs) in their morphological activities including during microglial depletion and repopulation. Molecularly, we identify P2RY12 receptors as a regulator of CAM interactions under the control of released purines from pannexin 1 (PANX1) channels. Furthermore, microglial elimination triggered capillary dilation, blood flow increase, and impaired vasodilation that were recapitulated in P2RY12-/- and PANX1-/- mice suggesting purines released through PANX1 channels play important roles in activating microglial P2RY12 receptors to regulate neurovascular structure and function.

17.
J Sep Sci ; 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473407

RESUMO

Baihe Dihuang decoction is a commonly used herbal formula to treat depression and insomnia in traditional Chinese medicine. This study established a liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method to investigate the potential active ingredients and the components absorbed in the blood and brain tissue of mice. Using a new data processing method, 94 chemical components were identified, 33 and 9 of which were absorbed in the blood and brain. More interestingly, we analyzed the substance changes during co-decoction and the characteristics of the compounds absorbed in the blood and brain. The results show that 71 newly generated chemical components were discovered from co-decoction: 38 with fragment information and five absorbed in the blood. Ultimately, the results of molecular docking show that these components have excellent performance in proteins of γ-aminobutyric acid, serotonin and melatonin receptors. The docking results of emodin with Monoamine Oxidase A and Melatonin Receptor 1A, and luteolin with Solute Carrier Family 6 Member 4, Glyoxalase I, Monoamine Oxidase B and Melatonin Receptor 1A, may explain the mechanism of action of Baihe Dihuang decoction in treating insomnia and depression. Overall, our research results may provide novel perspectives for further understanding of the effective substances in Baihe Dihuang decoction.

18.
Microb Pathog ; : 105170, 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492305

RESUMO

Bluetongue is a viral disease transmitted by the bite of bloodsucking insects, which mainly occurs in sheep, goats, and cattle. Bluetongue is characterized by fever, leukopenia, and severe catarrhal inflammation of the oral and gastrointestinal mucosa. The present study aimed to evaluate and analyze the prevalence of bluetongue and its associated risk factors in sheep and goats in China. We collected 59 publications from 1988 to 2019 through searches at ScienceDirect, PubMed, the Chongqing VIP Chinese journal database, Wanfang database, and Chinese Web of knowledge. In these studies, a total of 123,982 sheep and goats across 7 regions of China were investigated, and the pooled prevalence of bluetongue in sheep and goats was 18.6%, as assessed using serological methods. The prevalence of bluetongue in Southern China was 30.3%, which was significantly higher than that in Northeastern China (4.7%). The prevalence of bluetongue between sheep (12.9%) and goats (28.1%) was significantly different (P < 0.05). Detection methods subgroup analysis showed that the prevalence of bluetongue was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in the others group (43.8%) than in the agar immunodiffusion (15.9%) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay groups (20.5%). In addition, different geographical factors (latitude range, longitude range, altitude range, average precipitation, and average temperature) could affect the prevalence. Our results suggested that bluetongue is widespread in sheep and goats, and sheep and goats in contact with insect media, such as Culicoides, or in a warm and humid environment, could have an increased prevalence of bluetongue disease. Animal disease prevention and control departments should focus on continuous monitoring of the bluetongue epidemic in sheep and goats to prevent and control outbreaks.

19.
Nutrition ; 93: 111431, 2021 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479047

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Overweight and hyperlipidemia, the two established risk factors for acute ischemic stroke, are paradoxically associated with favorable outcomes. The paradox may be resolved by the concept of protein energy wasting (PEW), in which total cholesterol level and body mass index are used as nutritional indexes for predicting outcomes of chronic kidney disease. METHODS: Among 12 271 people with acute ischemic stroke and chronic kidney disease, 2086 were defined as being at risk of PEW-with a body mass index <22 kg/m2 plus either a serum albumin level <38 g/L or a total cholesterol level <4.14 mmol/L (160 mg/dL) without the use of lipid-lowering drugs-and all the others were a control group. The hazards of PEW for mortality and functional outcomes were evaluated using propensity score matching and multivariate Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: Based on the propensity score, 2081 PEW participants were matched to the same number of non-PEW control participants. PEW was associated with a higher mortality risk at 3 mo (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.19; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02-1.42) and 1 y (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.33; 95% CI1.13-1.52). PEW was also associated with poor functional outcomes (modified Rankin Scale score >2) at 1 mo (adjusted odds ratio, 1.32; 95% CI, 1.08-1.61) and 3 mo (adjusted odds ratio, 1.27; 95% CI, 1.03-1.56). CONCLUSIONS: According to the PEW-based assessment system, a modest decrease in body mass index and total cholesterol levels suggests malnutrition and is associated with adverse outcomes of acute ischemic stroke.

20.
Prev Vet Med ; 196: 105476, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482151

RESUMO

The present study was designed to estimate the prevalence of Salmonella contamination in Taiwanese broilers at slaughter and to identify risk factors associated with the presence of Salmonella in processed batches of broilers. Carcass rinse samples from 362 batches of broilers were collected from 45 chicken abattoirs in Taiwan between February 2013 and November 2014. Univariate analyses and multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify putative risk factors for contamination. Salmonella was detected in 32.6 % (95 % CI: 30.4-34.8) of individual broilers and 56.4 % (95 % CI: 51.1-61.5) of the sampled batches. The multivariable logistic regression model identified season (July to November) (OR = 1.95; 95 % CI: 1.2-3.2) as increasing the risk of infection. Abattoirs in the southern region (Taichung and Kaohsiung) (OR = 0.45; 95 % CI: 0.3-0.8); batches scalded for > 90 s (OR = 0.2; 95 % CI: 0.1-0.3) and batches of commercial white broilers (BR) (OR = 0.21; 95 % CI: 0.1-0.4) all had a decreased risk of contamination compared to abattoirs from the northern region, scalding < 90 s and Taiwan native chickens (TNC), respectively. This study highlights the influence of environmental conditions and poultry breed on the risk of Salmonella contamination of chickens during slaughter.

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