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1.
Front Genet ; 13: 954796, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092899

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical features and genetic characteristics of two patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) and to review the relevant literature. Methods: The clinical data of two HHT patients admitted to the author's hospital between April 2019 and February 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Meanwhile, the genetic analysis was performed with their consent. Results: The first patient was a 62-year-old woman who had been complaining of shortness of breath and fever for 20 days. Her previous medical history included brain abscess drainage and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for a pulmonary hemangioma. A right heart catheterization revealed no pulmonary arterial hypertension, and an abdominal enhanced magnetic resonance imaging revealed multiple arteriovenous malformations in the liver. Her ACVRL1 heterozygous variants were discovered through whole-exon gene testing. The second case involved a 47-year-old woman who had been experiencing chest tightness for the past 2 years. Several years ago, she underwent brain abscess drainage and embolization of a pulmonary arteriovenous fistula. Ultrasound revealed generalized hepatic vascular dilation, and enhanced computed tomography revealed numerous pulmonary venous fistulas scattered in both lungs as well as multiple arteriovenous malformations in the liver. Her whole-exon gene testing revealed that she, like her son, had heterozygous ENG variants. Conclusion: HHT patients may experience infection, bleeding, dyspnea, and other symptoms. Imaging is important in disease diagnosis and management because early detection and treatment can prevent major complications and disability or even death.

2.
J Urol ; : 101097JU0000000000002903, 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36097845

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Computer-aided sperm analysis is typically used in andrology labs, not in in vitro fertilization labs, which requires staining for sperm morphology measurement. In in vitro fertilization labs, sperm analysis still relies on manual observation and suffers from subjectivity and inconsistency. We developed a system for automated measurement of sperm concentration, motility, and morphology without the need for sperm staining. The reproducibility and reliability of the system were evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five fresh semen and 25 washed samples were obtained from male partners attending for fertility investigations. Sperm concentration, motility, and morphology were automatically measured simultaneously, leveraging robust sperm tracking for concentration and motility measurement and low contrast image segmentation for morphology measurement of live sperm. Reproducibility of sperm measurements was evaluated by intraclass correlation coefficients. Reliability of sperm measurement was evaluated by Passing and Bablok regression analysis and Bland-Altman analysis. RESULTS: Automated measurement of concentration, motility, and morphology had intraclass correlation coefficients higher than 0.97. The regression and Bland-Altman analysis indicated that automated measurement and off-line manual benchmarking with zoomed-in images were interchangeable. Further analysis on semen and washed samples and the measurement on progressive and nonprogressive motility also showed high reproducibility and reliability. CONCLUSIONS: Automated sperm analysis revealed high reproducibility and reliability. The system is designed for routine use in in vitro fertilization labs to perform quantitative sperm analysis on live samples.

3.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0273110, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36112583

RESUMO

With the continuous development of the world economy, science, and technology, the era of intelligence and information is upon us. Through the implementation of the digital rural construction project in China, agriculture is developing rapidly in the direction of informatization. As a major agricultural province in China, Shandong Province has been ranked first in China for many years in terms of gross agricultural product and the import and export of agricultural products. According to the current situation of agricultural informatization in Shandong Province, this study uses relevant evaluation index data of Shandong Province from 2011 to 2019 and applies the entropy value method, coupling degree analysis model, and coupling coordination degree analysis model to deeply evaluate the mutual influence and coordination degree between the agricultural informatization level and agricultural economic development in Shandong province in each year. We identify the possible problems in the development of agricultural informatization in Shandong province. Finally, in terms of talent construction, infrastructure construction, the main role of government, policies, and farmers' awareness of informatization, we propose some countermeasures and suggestions that are conducive to the coordinated development of agricultural informatization and the agricultural economy.


Assuntos
Agricultura , Análise de Dados , China
4.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 953871, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120306

RESUMO

Inflammation is an innate immune response to infection, and it is the main factor causing bodily injury and other complications in the pathological process. Ginsenoside Rh4 (G-Rh4), a minor ginsenoside of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer and Panax notoginseng, has excellent pharmacological properties. However, many of its major pharmacological mechanisms, including anti-inflammatory actions, remain unrevealed. In this study, network pharmacology and an experimental approach were employed to elucidate the drug target and pathways of G-Rh4 in treating inflammation. The potential targets of G-Rh4 were selected from the multi-source databases, and 58 overlapping gene symbols related to G-Rh4 and inflammation were obtained for generating a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network. Molecular docking revealed the high affinities between key proteins and G-Rh4. Gene ontology (GO) and pathway enrichment analyses were used to analyze the screened core targets and explore the target-pathway networks. It was found that the JAK-STAT signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway, NF-κB signaling pathway, and PI3K-Akt signaling pathway may be the key and main pathways of G-Rh4 to treat inflammation. Additionally, the potential molecular mechanisms of G-Rh4 predicted from network pharmacology analysis were validated in RAW264.7 cells. RT-PCR, Western blot, and ELISA analysis indicated that G-Rh4 significantly inhibited the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß, as well as inflammation-related enzymes in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. Moreover, in vitro experiments evaluated that Ginsenoside Rh4 exerts anti-inflammatory effects via the NF-κB and STAT3 signaling pathways. It is believed that our study will provide the basic scientific evidence that G-Rh4 has potential anti-inflammatory effects for further clinical studies.

5.
Chin J Dent Res ; 25(3): 179-187, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36102887

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differences between temporomandibular articular fossa bone surface and the envelope surface of the mandibular condyle movement. METHODS: Thirty-four healthy adults underwent skull base and mandible scans using CBCT and performed mandibular border movement using the mandibular movement recording system. Landmarks of the fossa and tubercle were indicated and distance and angle parameters were measured on the 3D models reconstructed from the CBCT. The condyle movement envelope surfaces were formed according to models reconstructed from CBCT and the mandibular movement trajectory using computer simulation. The highest and lowest points of the envelope surface were indicated to create parameters. The data were analysed using a paired t test in SPSS (version 24.0, IBM, Armonk, NY, USA). RESULTS: The mandibular fossa bone surface was statistically different to the envelope surface for the height of the first peak of the envelope surface (3.280 ± 1.319 mm) and depth of the mandibular fossa (6.338 ± 2.389 mm) (the ratio was 51.75%), the height of the second peak of the envelope surface (1.463 ± 0.745 mm) and the height of the tubercle (2.000 ± 0.968 mm) (the ratio was 73.15%), and the downwards angle of the envelope surface (25.933 ± 7.539 degrees) and the posterior slope angle of the articular tubercle (35.059 ± 5.224 degrees) (the ratio was 73.97%). CONCLUSION: The downwards angle of the envelope surface was statistically significantly smaller than the posterior slope angle of the articular tubercle, suggesting that the condyle movement is flatter than the mandibular fossa bone surface.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Côndilo Mandibular , Articulação Temporomandibular , Adulto , Simulação por Computador , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Humanos , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Côndilo Mandibular/diagnóstico por imagem , Movimento , Articulação Temporomandibular/diagnóstico por imagem
6.
Am J Transl Res ; 14(8): 5941-5951, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105059

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We examined the epigenetic dynamics of histone H4K20 trimethylation (H4K20me3), a repressive signature in heterochromatin, during goat oocyte meiosis and the reprogramming of somatic cell nuclear transfer (NT) embryos through the first three cell divisions. METHODS: Following NT, oocytes were treated with parthenogenetic activation (PA), by 5 µM calcium ionophore A23187 for 5 min followed by incubation in 2.0 mM 6-dimethylaminopurine with 5 µg/mL cycloheximide for 4 h. NT embryos up to 8-celled stage were incubated with H4K20me3 antibody. RESULTS: Immunofluorescence microscopy revealed the existence of a persistent H4K20me3 signature during oocyte maturation from germinal vesicle phase to metaphase I, anaphase I, telophase I, and metaphase II, with a gradual reduction in staining intensity. NT embryos at the 2-, 4- and 8-celled stage showed lower H4K20me3 intensity than PA and IVF embryos (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: These results indicate that NT embryos exhibit insufficient H4K20me3 modification compared with IVF and PA embryos during early reprogramming, suggesting the existence of a resistant memory of differentiated cell nuclear architecture. These findings help unravel the epigenetic mechanism of histone H4K20me3 in goat nuclear transfer reprogramming.

7.
Cell Metab ; 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36099916

RESUMO

Bile acids (BAs) are complex and incompletely understood enterohepatic-derived hormones that control whole-body metabolism. Here, we profiled postprandial BAs in the liver, feces, and plasma of 360 chow- or high-fat-diet-fed BXD male mice and demonstrated that both genetics and diet strongly influence BA abundance, composition, and correlation with metabolic traits. Through an integrated systems approach, we mapped hundreds of quantitative trait loci that modulate BAs and identified both known and unknown regulators of BA homeostasis. In particular, we discovered carboxylesterase 1c (Ces1c) as a genetic determinant of plasma tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA), a BA species with established disease-preventing actions. The association between Ces1c and plasma TUDCA was validated using data from independent mouse cohorts and a Ces1c knockout mouse model. Collectively, our data are a unique resource to dissect the physiological importance of BAs as determinants of metabolic traits, as underscored by the identification of CES1C as a master regulator of plasma TUDCA levels.

8.
Chin J Dent Res ; 25(3): 215-222, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36102891

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of 10 intraoral scanners for single-crown and three-unit preparation models. METHODS: A maxillary partially edentulous model was fabricated. A dental cast scanner was used to obtain standard tessellation language (STL) data. Ten intraoral scanners, namely Trios 2 (TR2; 3Shape, Copenhagen, Denmark), True Definition (TD; 3M, Saint Paul, MN, USA), CEREC AC Omnicam (OM; Dentsply Sirona, Charlotte, NC, USA), Organical Scan Oral (OS; R+K, Berlin, Germany), PlanScan (PS; Planmeca, Helsinki, Finland), DWIOP (DW; Dental Wings, Montreal, Canada), Xianlin (XL; Hangzhou Xianlin, Hangzhou, China), DL-100 (DL; Guangzhou Longcheng, Guangzhou, China), Trios 3 (TR3; 3Shape) and i500 (MD; MEDIT, Seoul, South Korea) were used to obtain stereolithography data as test groups. Trueness, precision and surface accuracy were evaluated by deviation analysis using 3D image processing software. One tooth with a three-unit preparation for each test group was registered with the reference scan data, and the absolute distance from another tooth was calculated as the absolute accuracy. The data were analysed using a Mann-Whitney U test and Dunn-Bonferroni test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The best trueness, precision and surface accuracy of scanning single crown preparation were recorded with TD (trueness 2.9 µm and precision 1.9 µm) and XL (surface accuracy 20.3 ± 2.9 µm). The best trueness, precision, surface accuracy and absolute accuracy of three-unit preparations were recorded with TD (2.6 µm), XL (1.9 µm), OM (27.1 ± 5.2 µm) and TR3 (79.2 ± 19.6 µm), respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in trueness between single- and multiple-unit preparations for any of the intraoral scanners (P > 0.05). A statistically significant difference in the surface accuracy between single and multiple preparations was found for TR2, TD, OM, DW, XL, DL and MD (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The trueness and precision of intraoral scanners for scanning three-unit preparations were nearly the same as those for single-crown preparations; however, with the exception of OS, PS and TR3, the surface accuracy of single-crown preparations was significantly better than that for three-unit preparations.


Assuntos
Técnica de Moldagem Odontológica , Dente , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Coroas , Dentaduras
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36109842

RESUMO

Due to ample low-coordinated surface atoms, a distorted lattice endows thin-layered transition metal oxides with a flexible electronic structure, making them the ideal candidates for overall ammonia synthesis. This work proposes a novel and facile method for the controllable synthesis of thin-layered Co3O4 catalysts with graphene as a conductive matrix to further enhance the overall N2 fixation performance. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and synchrotron radiation X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) demonstrate that the sandwiched Co3O4-x/GO catalysts enable exposure of more coordination unsaturated active sites, resulting in numerous oxygen vacancies. With a higher conductivity and distorted crystalline structure, excellent electrochemical NRR activity is realized with a NH3 production rate of 5.19 mmol g-1 h-1 and a Faradaic efficiency of 10.68% at -0.4 V vs reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE). The density functional theory (DFT) calculation demonstrates that introducing oxygen vacancies in thin-layered cobalt oxides could result in an increased density of states (DOS) near the Fermi level, which would accelerate the NRR rate-determining step. Charge transfer could be accelerated through a weak Co 3d-N 2p σ hybrid bond with a lower energy level. No obvious performance decay could be found after six cycles. Furthermore, the sandwiched Co3O4-x/GO catalyst exhibits a low overpotential of 280 mV@10 mA cm-2 and an outstanding durability for the anode OER, even better than those of the benchmark RuO2. Such an inexpensive sandwiched transition metal oxide catalyst shows great potential in the field of overall N2 fixation.

10.
Magn Reson Med ; 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111354

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of gadolinium (Gd) retention of macrocyclic (gadobutrol) or linear (gadopentetate) Gd-based contrast agents (GBCAs) on neuron loss, neurological deficits, and sensory behavior in mice with or without stroke. METHODS: Ninety C57BL/6 mice underwent sham (n = 36) or transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) (n = 54) surgery and then received intraperitoneal injections of 5.0 mmol/kg gadobutrol, 5.0 mmol/kg gadopentetate or saline (10 ml/kg/administration) per day for 3 consecutive days. The Gd concentration in the ischemic cerebrum was quantified by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry on Day 1 and Day 28 after the last injection (post-injection, p. i.). Neuron loss, glia activation and neurological deficits were assessed on Day 1 and 28 p. i. Sensory behavior was also assessed on Day 28 p. i. RESULTS: Gd concentrations were higher in the brains of tMCAO mice than in those of sham mice on Days 1 p. i. of both GBCAs (gadobutrol, p < 0.05; gadopentetate, p < 0.001) and 28 p. i of gadopentetate. (p < 0.001). Sham or tMCAO mice injected with GBCAs showed no significant difference in neuron loss, glia activation, neurological deficits, brain atrophy, or hippocampus-dependent memory (all p > 0.05). Both gadobutrol and gadopentetate induced mechanical and heat hyperalgesia in sham mice (all p < 0.05). However, mechanical hyperalgesia but rather heat hyperalgesia was found in tMCAO mice with the highest force tested (1.0 g) and statistically significant in both paws (right and left) with gadopentetate only (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Neither gadobutrol nor gadopentetate worsened neuron loss, glia activation, brain atrophy, neurological deficits, or hippocampus-dependent memory after tMCAO. However, GBCA administration induced mechanical hyperalgesia in sham and tMCAO mice although in the same level, which may be an important consideration for patients with central post-stroke pain and those who are sensitive to pain and about to receive multiple GBCA administrations.

11.
Neurochem Res ; 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36104611

RESUMO

Sleep deprivation, a common perioperative period health problem, causes ocular discomfort and affects postsurgical pain. However, the mechanism of sleep deprivation-induced increased pain sensitivity is elusive. This study aims to explore the role of ROS in sleep deprivation (SD)-induced hyperalgesia and the underlying mechanism. A 48-h continuous SD was performed prior to the hind paw incision pain modeling in mice. We measured ROS levels, microglial activation, DNA damage and protein levels of iNOS, NLRP3, p-P65 and P65 in mouse spinal dorsal cord. The involvement of ROS in SD-induced prolongation of postsurgical pain was further confirmed by intrathecal injection of ROS inhibitor, phenyl-N-tert-butylnitrone (PBN). Pretreatment of 48-h SD in mice significantly prolonged postsurgical pain recovery, manifesting as lowered paw withdrawal mechanical threshold and paw withdrawal thermal latency. It caused ROS increase and upregulation of iNOS on both Day 1 and 7 in mouse spinal dorsal cord. In addition, upregulation of NLRP3 and p-P65, microglial activation and DNA damage were observed in mice pretreated with 48-h SD prior to the incision. Notably, intrathecal injection of PBN significantly reversed the harmful effects of SD on postsurgical pain recovery, hyperalgesia, microglial activation and DNA damage via the NF-κB signaling pathway. Collectively, ROS increase is responsible for SD-induced hyperalgesia through activating microglial, triggering DNA damage and enhancing NLRP3 inflammasome activity in the spinal dorsal cord.

12.
Cancer Gene Ther ; 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056253

RESUMO

Epithelial cell transforming sequence 2 (ECT2) is expressed at high levels in various malignancies and contributes to malignant phenotypes in cancers. However, ECT2 is still not fully understood regarding its function and carcinogenic mechanism in cervical cancer. This research indicated that ECT2 expression was elevated in cervical cancer based on bioinformatics analysis and clinical specimens. Experiments in vitro and in vivo confirmed that ECT2 knockdown could suppress the proliferation and metastasis of cervical carcinoma cells. In addition, we found that silencing ECT2 could enhance the sensitivity to cisplatin and promote cell apoptosis. Mechanistically, we observed that ECT2 knockdown could inhibit the AKT/mTOR pathway and activate apoptosis, while ECT2 overexpression induced the opposite effect. The relationship between ECT2 and AKT was further confirmed by immunoprecipitation and rescue experiments. We found that the ECT2 and AKT could interact to form a complex, and knockdown AKT could offset all of the effects induced by ECT2. Our study emphasized the key point of ECT2 in the reversal of cisplatin resistance, and ECT2 could become a potential therapeutic target in cervical cancer.

13.
Talanta ; 252: 123881, 2022 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055076

RESUMO

This work aims to develop the novel TVB-N sensitive film for monitoring food freshness. The film was fabricated based on carboxymethyl starch sodium (CMS)/agar (AG) complex and natural pigment, red radish anthocyanins (RRA). However, RRA is highly unstable under high humid conditions for their hydrophily. To immobilize RRA in AG film, we brought up CMS (negative charge) to immobilize RRA (positive charge) via electrostatic attractions and combined CMS and AG via hydrogen bond self-assembly. Zeta potential, Fourier transforms infrared (FT-IR) spectra, and X-ray diffraction analysis proved the electrostatic interaction and hydrogen bond self-assembly effect, indicating RRA immobilized effectively. Migration evaluation displayed that RRA remained stable in a high humidity environment (from RH 35%-95%). And its color difference is less than 5% in the low-temperature environment (4 °C). The prepared sensing film was found to be applied to detect the freshness of packaged grass carp and shrimp products. Its colors changed from initial orange-red to light red (3rd day) and then purple (4th day) with the increase of volatile amines inside the packaging. These findings suggested the film can be used as a sensing device for intelligent packaging of protein-rich food.

14.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36066811

RESUMO

Aging is characterized by a progressive deterioration of physiological integrity, leading to impaired functional ability and ultimately increased susceptibility to death. It is a major risk factor for chronic human diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, neurological degeneration, and cancer. Therefore, the growing emphasis on "healthy aging" raises a series of important questions in life and social sciences. In recent years, there has been unprecedented progress in aging research, particularly the discovery that the rate of aging is at least partly controlled by evolutionarily conserved genetic pathways and biological processes. In an attempt to bring full-fledged understanding to both the aging process and age-associated diseases, we review the descriptive, conceptual, and interventive aspects of the landscape of aging composed of a number of layers at the cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, and organismal levels.

15.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 5960004, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36060140

RESUMO

Microbial inoculants are an important tool for increasing arable land productivity and decreasing mineral fertilizer application. This study was aimed at isolating and identifying endophytic antagonistic bacteria from lily (Lilium davidii var. unicolor) roots grown in Northwestern China and at evaluating their antifungal activity and plant growth-promoting characteristics. For this purpose, endophytic bacteria were isolated from plant roots, and plant growth-promoting strains were identified. One bacterial strain, isolated from the root part, was identified as Bacillus halotolerans based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and was designated as LBG-1-13. The strain showed antagonistic activities against important plant pathogens of lily including Botrytis cinerea, Botryosphaeria dothidea, and Fusarium oxysporum. The highest percentage of growth inhibition, i.e., 71.65 ± 2.39%, was observed for LBG-1-13 against Botryosphaeria dothidea followed by 68.33 ± 4.70% and 48.22 ± 4.11% against Botrytis cinerea and Fusarium oxysporum, respectively. Meanwhile, the isolated strain also showed plant growth-promoting traits such as the production of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), siderophore, ACC deaminase, and phosphate solubilization activity. The strain showed ACC deaminase activity and was able to cleave 58.41 ± 2.62 nmol α-ketobutyrate (mg protein)-1 min-1. The strain exhibited tolerance to salt and drought stress in an in vitro experiment. The strain LBG-1-13 was able to grow in the presence of 10% NaCl and 20% polyethylene glycol (PEG) in the growth medium. Inoculation of Lilium varieties, Tresor and Bright Diamond, with LBG-1-13 enhanced plant growth under greenhouse and field conditions, respectively. All these results demonstrated that Bacillus halotolerans LBG-1-13 could be utilized as a good candidate in the biocontrol of lily disease and plant growth promotion in sustainable agriculture.


Assuntos
Lilium , Ascomicetos , Bacillus , Bactérias/genética , Botrytis , Fusarium , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
16.
Ann Palliat Med ; 11(8): 2685-2694, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064359

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the effects of hypoxia degree and sleep duration on vestibular function in obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) patients. We made further study of the low oxygen levels of OSAHS and hypoxic duration on the impact of vestibular function, and further studied the OSAHS the longest apnea time and Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential (VEMP) abnormal rate and the relationship between the vestibular function of canal paralysis (CP). METHODS: A total of 87 OSAHS patients and 47 healthy individuals were enrolled in this study. There was no difference in gender, age and body mass index (BMI) values in matched experimental groups. Other diseases of other systems were excluded. All the participants completed sleepiness questionnaires (i.e., the Epworth sleepiness scale and the STOP-BANG questionnaire) and the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI). Additionally, a caloric test, positional test, electrocochleogram, and VEMP test were administered to evaluate the vestibular function of all the participants. A polysomnography (PSG) was also performed. RESULTS: The current investigation generated the following three major findings: (I) there was a significant correlation between body mass index and canal paresis [CP; P=0.014, odds ratio (OR) =1.791, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.125-2.851] and a significant positive correlation between the DHI score and VEMP results (P=0.0061, OR =3.667, 95% CI: 1.449-9.276); (II) the CP abnormality rate of the OSAHS group was significantly higher than that of the control group (P<0.05); (III) there was a significant correlation between the longest apnea duration and the DHI score (r=-0.191, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The abnormality rate of the vestibular function of OSAHS patients is higher than that of healthy people. OSAHS intermittent hypoxia can affect vestibular function in the inner ear, and the longer the duration of prolonged hypoxia, the more serious the vestibular function damage.


Assuntos
Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Sonolência , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Hipóxia , Polissonografia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/complicações , Síndrome
17.
Opt Lett ; 47(17): 4560-4563, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048704

RESUMO

We propose a novel, to the best of our knowledge, sensor for nanovibration detection based on a microsphere. The sensor consists of a stretched single-mode fiber and a 2 µm microsphere. The light from the optical fiber passes through the microsphere, forming a photonic nanojet (PNJ) phenomenon at the front of the microsphere. The evanescent field in the PNJ enhances the light reflected from the measured object to the single-mode fiber-microsphere probe (SMFMP). Results showed that the system can detect arbitrary nanovibration waveforms in real time with an SMFMP detection resolution of 1 nm. The voltage signal received and the vibration amplitude showed a good linear relationship within the range of 0-100 nm, with a sensitivity of 0.7 mV/nm and a linearity of more than 99%. The sensor is expected to have potential applications in the field of cell nanovibration detection.


Assuntos
Fibras Ópticas , Óptica e Fotônica , Microesferas , Fótons
19.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(9): 2356-2362, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36131650

RESUMO

To explore the dynamics and distribution of soil seed banks under different vegetation types in desert, and reveal the community succession tendency and diversity characteristics of different vegetative types, we took Populus euphratica community, Caragana intermedia community, Leymus secalinus community and Agriophyllum squarrosum community as the research objects in the southeastern margin of the Tengger Desert. Samples of 0-2 cm, 2-5 cm, 5-10 cm, and 10-20 cm soil layers were collected. We examined the characteristics of soil seed banks and their relationships with vegetation. The results showed that there were 13 plant species in the soil seed banks of the four vegetation types, belonging to 3 families and 12 genera, with the annual and biennial herbs dominated and much Chenopodiaceae species. The soil seed bank density was generally low, with an order of C. intermedia community > L. secalinus community > P. euphratica community > A. squarrosum community. The seed bank density and species richness decreased with increasing soil depth. Based on the Shannon index, Simpson index, Pielou index and Patrick richness analysis, the order of species diversity in soil seed banks was P. euphratica community > L. secalinus community > C. intermedia community > A. squarrosum community. The similarity coefficient between soil seed bank and vegetation was the highest in C. intermedia community, followed by P. euphratica community, and the lowest in P. euphratica community and L. secalinus community. On the whole, the arbor forest P. euphratica community was the most stable one, while the sandy land A. squarrosum community was the most vulnerable.


Assuntos
Chenopodiaceae , Banco de Sementes , China , Ecossistema , Florestas , Humanos , Sementes , Solo
20.
Eur Respir J ; 2022 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36137588

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Air pollutants are considered as non-negligible risk factors of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). However, the relationship between long-term air pollution and the incidence of IPF is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To explore the associations of air pollutants with IPF risk and further assess modification effect of genetic susceptibility. METHODS: Land-use regression model estimated concentrations of nitrogen dioxide (NO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10). The polygenic risk score (PRS) was constructed using 13 independent SNPs. The Cox proportional hazard models were used to evaluate the associations of air pollutants with IPF risk and further investigate the modification effect of genetic susceptibility. Additionally, absolute risk was calculated. RESULTS: Among 433 738 participants from the UK Biobank, the incidence of IPF was 27.45/1 00 000 person-years during a median follow-up of 11.78 years. The adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) [95% confidence interval (CIs)] of IPF for each interquartile range increase in NO2, NOx, and PM2.5 were 1.11 (1.03, 1.19), 1.07 (1.01, 1.13), and 1.09 (1.02, 1.17), respectively. PM2.5 had the highest population attribution risk, followed by NOx and NO2. There were additive interactions between NO2, NOx and PM2.5 and genetic susceptibility. Participants with high PRS and high air pollution had the highest risk of incident IPF compared to those with low PRS and low air pollution [NO2: 3.94 (2.77, 5.60); NOx: 3.08 (2.21, 4.27); PM2.5: 3.65 (2.60, 5.13); PM10: 3.23 (2.32, 4.50)]. CONCLUSION: Long-term air pollutants exposures may elevate the risk of incident IPF. There are additive effects of air pollutants and genetic susceptibility on IPF risk.

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