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1.
Environ Int ; 153: 106501, 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836339

RESUMO

Antimicrobial resistance is an increasingly serious threat to public health worldwide. The presence of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in human airways and relevant environments has not received significant attention. In this study, abundances of ARGs and microbes from airborne particulate matter, dust, and human airways in a hospital were profiled using high-throughput qPCR and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. More diverse ARGs and microbes in indoor dust and higher levels of ARGs in particulate matter PM10 and PM2.5 were observed. Macrolides and aminoglycoside resistance genes were the most abundant ARGs in the airway and environmental samples, respectively. Moreover, the co-occurrences of priority pathogens, ARGs, and mobile genetic elements (MGEs) were shown by the Network analysis. Campylobacter spp. and Staphylococcus spp. positively correlated with fluoroquinolone (vatC-02, mexD) and ß-lactams (blaZ, mecA) resistance genes, respectively. In this regard, based on SourceTracker analysis, inhalable particles contributed to 4.0% to 5.5% of ARGs in human airway samples, suggesting an important exchange between airborne inhalable particles and human commensals. This study may advance knowledge about ARGs in airborne particulate matter and dust associated environments, reveal their potential link between environments and humans, and provide a new sight and fundamental data for ARG risk assessment.

2.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 103: 12-19, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33743895

RESUMO

Antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) as emergence contaminations have spread widely in the water environment. Wild fish may be recipients and communicators of ARGs in the water environment, however, the distribution and transmission of ARGs in the wild fish and relevant water environment were rarely reported. Here, we have profiled ARGs and bacterial communities in wild freshwater fish and relevant water in a peri-urban river using high-throughput qPCR and 16S rRNA gene sequence. A total of 80 and 220 unique ARG subtypes were identified in fish and water samples. Fish and water both showed significant ARG seasonal variations (P < 0.05). The highest absolute abundance of ARGs in fish and water occurred in summer (1.32 × 109 copies per g, on average) and autumn (9.04 × 106 copies per mL), respectively. In addition, the bipartite network analysis showed that 9 ARGs and 1 mobile genetic element continuously shared in fish and water. Furthermore, bacteria shared in fish and water were found to significantly correlate with shard ARGs. The findings demonstrate that bacteria and ARGs in fish and water could interconnect and ARGs might transfer between fish and water using bacteria as a spreading medium.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Rios , Animais , Antibacterianos/análise , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Genes Bacterianos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Água
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742379

RESUMO

Abuse of antibiotics in aquaculture have been alarming and might aggravate spread of resistance genes in the environment. Holistic ARGs proliferation checks require deeper analyses of coupled absolute abundances in 16S rRNA bacteria communities at the phylum level to detect biomarkers. Sulfanilamide (sul) and copper II sulfate (CuSO4 II) were, therefore, designed and added as separate or combined treatments in 9 replicate engineered goldfish tanks comprising 3 individual sul, 3 CuSO4 II, 3 (sul + CuSO4 II) combinations, and 3 controls within 180 days. The DNA from water and fish guts was sequenced under qPCR to determine 16S rRNA bacteria biomarkers co-occurring with the correspondent ARGs. Combined chemical addition at 0.8-1.5 mg sul + 0.5-1.0 mg CuSO4 II/3 L of tank waters reduced sequenced 16S rRNA bacteria absolute abundances in fish gut and water samples while portraying the biomarkers. Absolute abundances of the entire 16S rRNA bacteria was higher in fish guts (3.4 × 1014-4.9 × 108 copies/g) than water samples (1.5 × 109-2.6 × 1015 copies/L), respectively. Much as sul 1(log) were dominant over intl 1(log) genes, and their fundamental profiles were also higher in the fish guts than water samples; the Spearman's correlation analyses revealed positive relationship (p < 0.01 and r = 0.873) among the biomarkers of both ARG pairs at the phylum level and the physicochemical parameters. In the fish gut and water samples ratios, Bacteroidetes (10-85:12-85%) > Proteobacteria (10-50:15-65%) > Planktomycetes (10-52:8-25%) featured prominently based on LEfSe use as the hot-spotted biomarkers, hence justifying its higher prospects towards innovative environmental microbiological and biotechnological studies.

4.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 378, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742089

RESUMO

Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) are critical for cellular activity regulation. Visualization of PPIs using bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) techniques helps to understand how PPIs implement their functions. However, current BiFC is based on fluorescent proteins and the brightness and photostability are suboptimal for single molecule tracking experiments, resulting in either low spatiotemporal resolution or incapability of tracking for extended time course. Here, we developed the TagBiFC technique based on split HaloTag, a self-labeling tag that could conjugate an organic dye molecule and thus offered better brightness and photostability than fluorescent proteins for PPI visualization inside living cells. Through screening and optimization, we demonstrated that the reconstituted HaloTag exhibited higher localization precision and longer tracking length than previous methods. Using TagBiFC, we reveal that the dynamic interactions of transcription factor dimers with chromatin DNA are distinct and closely related to their dimeric states, indicating a general regulatory mechanism for these kinds of transcription factors. In addition, we also demonstrated the advantageous applications of TagBiFC in single nucleosome imaging, light-burden imaging of single mRNA, low background imaging of cellular structures. We believe these superior properties of our TagBiFC system will have broad applications in the studies of single molecule imaging inside living cells.

5.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 1868, 2021 03 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33767166

RESUMO

It is very attractive yet underexplored to synthesize heterocyclic moieties pertaining to biologically active molecules from biomass-based starting compounds. Herein, we report an electrocatalytic Achmatowicz reaction for the synthesis of hydropyranones from furfuryl alcohols, which can be readily produced from biomass-derived and industrially available furfural. Taking advantage of photo-induced polymerization of a bipyridyl ligand, we demonstrate the facile preparation of a heterogenized nickel electrocatalyst, which effectively drives the Achmatowicz reaction electrochemically. A suite of characterization techniques and density functional theory computations were performed to aid the understanding of the reaction mechanism. It is rationalized that the unsaturated coordination sphere of nickel sites in our electrocatalyst plays an important role at low applied potential, not only allowing the intimate interaction between the nickel center and furfuryl alcohol but also enabling the transfer of hydroxide from nickel to the bound furfuryl alcohol.


Assuntos
Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Furanos/química , 2,2'-Dipiridil/química , Biomassa , Catálise , Níquel/química
6.
Sci Total Environ ; 771: 144814, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33540158

RESUMO

Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in China have been upgraded or renovated with a variety of emerging processes, but a comprehensive understanding of the behavior of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in these WWTPs is still lacking. Here, the distribution of ARGs and bacterial community were investigated in a wastewater treatment plant with upgrading processes (WWTP-UP). 238 unique ARGs were detected in all samples. During the study period, the average ARGs concentration decreased by 98.4% along the entire treatment process. The removal efficiency of A2/O-membrane bioreactor (MBR) process was significantly higher than that of A2/O-high efficiency flocculent settling/cloth media filter (HEFS/CMF) process (p < 0.05), which corresponded to 3.5 and 2.1 log values on average, respectively. Notably, 35 ARGs and 14 mobile genetic elements (MGEs) were persistent in all samples. Based on the co-occurrence pattern revealed by network analysis, persistent ARGs possibly spread through the transfer of persistent MGEs among persistent bacteria. Using multiple linear regression analysis, we obtained 3 to 5 possible indicators for major ARG types, which might be served to evaluate the general distribution of ARGs or even predict the abundance of different ARG types. Our findings provide new insights into the impacts of upgrading process on ARGs and highlight the need for better strategies to improve ARGs elimination in WWTPs.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Purificação da Água , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , China , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Genes Bacterianos , Águas Residuárias
7.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33606350

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the effects of metformin on osteogenic differentiation of alveolar bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) from type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients (DM-BMSCs) and implant osseointegration in rats, screen the optimal concentration, and investigate whether metformin could protect against the adverse impact of T2DM on BMSC osteogenic capacity. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Different concentrations of metformin were administered to human-derived BMSCs and Wistar rats receiving implants. ALP detection, alizarin red staining, real-time RT-PCR and Western blotting were performed to detect osteogenesis and investigate the mechanism. Toluidine blue staining was performed to analyse bone-implant contact in rats. RESULTS: Metformin increased implant osseointegration in a rat model and promoted the osteogenic capacity of DM-BMSCs via the AMPK/BMP/Smad signalling pathway, and 125 µM was the optimal concentration; however, concentrations over 200 µM, metformin showed an inhibitory effect on DM-BMSCs. Additionally, metformin at the optimal concentration (125 µM) identified in this study could compensate for the negative impacts of T2DM on the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. CONCLUSIONS: Metformin can promote the osteogenesis of BMSCs from T2DM patients and osseointegration in rats, and it might be an effective drug for increasing the success rate of T2DM-associated implants.

8.
EMBO Rep ; 22(3): e51094, 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33559938

RESUMO

Current understandings on cell motility and directionality rely heavily on accumulated investigations of the adhesion-actin cytoskeleton-actomyosin contractility cycles, while microtubules have been understudied in this context. Durotaxis, the ability of cells to migrate up gradients of substrate stiffness, plays a critical part in development and disease. Here, we identify the pivotal role of Golgi microtubules in durotactic migration of single cells. Using high-throughput analysis of microtubule plus ends/focal adhesion interactions, we uncover that these non-centrosomal microtubules actively impart leading edge focal adhesion (FA) dynamics. Furthermore, we designed a new system where islands of higher stiffness were patterned within RGD peptide coated polyacrylamide gels. We revealed that the positioning of the Golgi apparatus is responsive to external mechanical cues and that the Golgi-nucleus axis aligns with the stiffness gradient in durotaxis. Together, our work unveils the cytoskeletal underpinning for single cell durotaxis. We propose a model in which the Golgi-nucleus axis serves both as a compass and as a steering wheel for durotactic migration, dictating cell directionality through the interaction between non-centrosomal microtubules and the FA dynamics.

9.
Cell Res ; 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33514913

RESUMO

Organization of the genome into euchromatin and heterochromatin appears to be evolutionarily conserved and relatively stable during lineage differentiation. In an effort to unravel the basic principle underlying genome folding, here we focus on the genome itself and report a fundamental role for L1 (LINE1 or LINE-1) and B1/Alu retrotransposons, the most abundant subclasses of repetitive sequences, in chromatin compartmentalization. We find that homotypic clustering of L1 and B1/Alu demarcates the genome into grossly exclusive domains, and characterizes and predicts Hi-C compartments. Spatial segregation of L1-rich sequences in the nuclear and nucleolar peripheries and B1/Alu-rich sequences in the nuclear interior is conserved in mouse and human cells and occurs dynamically during the cell cycle. In addition, de novo establishment of L1 and B1 nuclear segregation is coincident with the formation of higher-order chromatin structures during early embryogenesis and appears to be critically regulated by L1 and B1 transcripts. Importantly, depletion of L1 transcripts in embryonic stem cells drastically weakens homotypic repeat contacts and compartmental strength, and disrupts the nuclear segregation of L1- or B1-rich chromosomal sequences at genome-wide and individual sites. Mechanistically, nuclear co-localization and liquid droplet formation of L1 repeat DNA and RNA with heterochromatin protein HP1α suggest a phase-separation mechanism by which L1 promotes heterochromatin compartmentalization. Taken together, we propose a genetically encoded model in which L1 and B1/Alu repeats blueprint chromatin macrostructure. Our model explains the robustness of genome folding into a common conserved core, on which dynamic gene regulation is overlaid across cells.

10.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(14): 1774-1777, 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33475118

RESUMO

Nitrogen doped carbon functionalized CoSe2 nanowires (CoSe2@N-C NWs), which act as potential oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalysts with a large current density and high stability have been reported. Owing to the collaborative optimization of electrical conductivity, free adsorption energy and binding strength of OER intermediates, the prepared CoSe2@N-C NWs exhibit an enhanced 6.61-fold catalytic activity compared to the pristine CoSe2 NW electrode in 1.0 M KOH solution at the overpotential of 340 mV.

11.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 246: 119028, 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068897

RESUMO

Tyrosinase (TYR) is a crucial enzyme in melanin metabolism and catecholamine production, its abnormal overexpression is closely associated with many human diseases involving melanoma cancer, vitiligo, Parkinson's disease and so on. Herein, a dual-signal fluorescence sensing system for monitoring TYR activity is constructed depending on the transformation of blue-green fluorescence emission of copolymer. The developed sensing system is based on TYR catalyzing the hydroxylation of mono-phenol to o-diphenol and the conversion of fluorescence copolymer (FCP) blue emission (430 nm) and green emission (535 nm) in the presence of PEI. In the system, both blue and green emission exhibit a high selectivity and sensitivity (S/B up to 300 and 30 for blue and green emission, respectively) toward TYR in the range from 0.5 to 2.5 U/mL with the detection limit of 0.002 U/mL and 0.06 U/mL, respectively. Additionally, this assay is used to detect TYR in human serum with excellent recovery even at 30% human serum concentrations. Furthermore, it still has been successfully applied to TYR inhibitor screening by taking kojic acid as a model. We believe that our developed sensor has great potential application in TYR-associated disease diagnosis and treatment and drug discovery.

12.
Anal Chem ; 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33284601

RESUMO

This work reports a plasmonic surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) biosensor that allows for quantitative analysis of hematin in erythrocytes without the need of separating it from hemoglobin (Hb). The biosensor exploits the tunable localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) characteristics of multibranched gold nanoparticles (M-AuNPs) and the strong plasmon coupling between an Au thin film and a flexible substrate consisting of M-AuNPs embedded in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) (i.e., M-AuNP-embedded PDMS substrate). In the assay, the hematin (or hematin-containing erythrocyte hemolysate) was deposited on Au film surface and covered with M-AuNP-embedded PDMS. Strong SERS signals were generated under excitation at 785 nm; the signals were sensitive to hematin concentration but not to several common coexisting biological substances. The intensities of the SERS signal (at 1623 cm-1) displayed a wide linear range using hematin concentrations in a range of at least ∼1.5 nM-1.1 µM; the limit of detection (LOD) was ∼0.03 ± 0.01 nM at a signal/noise (S/N) of 3. This assay is simple and sensitive without tedious separation procedures, thereby saving time and enhancing efficiency. This biosensor can be used to determine hematin concentration in human erythrocyte cytosols giving concentrations of ∼18.5 ± 4.5 (by averaging eight samples) and 51.5 ± 6.2 µM (by averaging three samples) for healthy and sickle erythrocytes, respectively, making it a potential application in clinical detection.

13.
BMC Biol ; 18(1): 189, 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33272269

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The adenosine-to-inosine (A-to-I) editing in anticodons of tRNAs is critical for wobble base-pairing during translation. This modification is produced via deamination on A34 and catalyzed by the adenosine deaminase acting on tRNA (ADAT) enzyme. Eukaryotic ADATs are heterodimers composed of the catalytic subunit ADAT2 and the structural subunit ADAT3, but their molecular assemblies and catalytic mechanisms are largely unclear. RESULTS: Here, we report a 2.8-Å crystal structure of Saccharomyces cerevisiae ADAT2/3 (ScADAT2/3), revealing its heterodimeric assembly and substrate recognition mechanism. While each subunit clearly contains a domain resembling their prokaryotic homolog TadA, suggesting an evolutionary gene duplication event, they also display accessory domains for additional structural or functional purposes. The N-lobe of ScADAT3 exhibits a positively charged region with a potential role in the recognition and binding of tRNA, supported by our biochemical analysis. Interestingly, ScADAT3 employs its C-terminus to block tRNA's entry into its pseudo-active site and thus inactivates itself for deamination despite the preservation of a zinc-binding site, a mechanism possibly shared only among yeasts. CONCLUSIONS: Combining the structural with biochemical, bioinformatic, and in vivo functional studies, we propose a stepwise model for the pathway of deamination by ADAT2/3. Our work provides insight into the molecular mechanism of the A-to-I editing by the eukaryotic ADAT heterodimer, especially the role of ADAT3 in catalysis.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210241

RESUMO

Systematic imaging can be broadly defined as the systematic identification and characterization of biological processes at multiple scales and levels. In contrast to "classical" diagnostic imaging, systematic imaging emphasizes on detecting the overall abnormalities including molecular, functional, and structural alterations occurring during disease course in a systematic manner, rather than just one aspect in a partial manner. Concomitant efforts including improvement of imaging instruments, development of novel imaging agents, and advancement of artificial intelligence are warranted for achievement of systematic imaging. It is undeniable that scientists and radiologists will play a predominant role in directing this burgeoning field. This article introduces several recent developments in imaging modalities and nanoparticles-based imaging agents, and discusses how systematic imaging can be achieved. In the near future, systematic imaging which combines multiple imaging modalities with multimodal imaging agents will pave a new avenue for comprehensive characterization of diseases, successful achievement of image-guided therapy, precise evaluation of therapeutic effects, and rapid development of novel pharmaceuticals, with the final goal of improving human health-related outcomes.

15.
Protein Cell ; 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155082

RESUMO

The eukaryotic genome is folded into higher-order conformation accompanied with constrained dynamics for coordinated genome functions. However, the molecular machinery underlying these hierarchically organized three-dimensional (3D) chromatin architecture and dynamics remains poorly understood. Here by combining imaging and sequencing, we studied the role of lamin B1 in chromatin architecture and dynamics. We found that lamin B1 depletion leads to detachment of lamina-associated domains (LADs) from the nuclear periphery accompanied with global chromatin redistribution and decompaction. Consequently, the inter-chromosomal as well as inter-compartment interactions are increased, but the structure of topologically associating domains (TADs) is not affected. Using live-cell genomic loci tracking, we further proved that depletion of lamin B1 leads to increased chromatin dynamics, owing to chromatin decompaction and redistribution toward nucleoplasm. Taken together, our data suggest that lamin B1 and chromatin interactions at the nuclear periphery promote LAD maintenance, chromatin compaction, genomic compartmentalization into chromosome territories and A/B compartments and confine chromatin dynamics, supporting their crucial roles in chromatin higher-order structure and chromatin dynamics.

16.
Public Health Nutr ; : 1-23, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183388

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between total alcohol intake, specific alcoholic beverages, and sleep quality in a community-based cohort. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: The Kailuan community, China. PARTICIPANTS: Included were 11,905 participants who were free of a history of cardiovascular diseases, cancer, Parkinson's disease, dementia, and head injury in or prior to 2012. Alcohol consumption (amount and frequency intake) and alcoholic beverage type were collected in 2006 (baseline) and 2012. Participants were grouped into non-, light- (women: 0-0.4 serving/day; men: 0-0.9 serving/day), moderate- (women: 0.5-1.0 serving/day; men: 1.0-2.0 servings/day), and heavy- (women: >1.0 servings/day; men: >2.0 servings/day) drinker. Overall sleep quality was measured in 2012 and included four sleep parameters (insomnia, daytime sleepiness, sleep duration, snoring/obstructive sleep apnea). RESULTS: We observed a dose-response association between higher alcohol consumption in 2006 and worse sleep quality in 2012 (P-trend <0.001), after adjusting for age, sex, social-economic status, smoking status, physical activity, obesity, plasma lipid profiles, diabetes and hypertension. A similar association was observed when alcohol consumption in 2012 was used as exposure. Alcohol was associated with higher odds of having short sleep duration (adjusted odds ratio for heavy- vs. non-drinkers = 1.32; 95% confidence interval: 1.09-1.57), and snoring (adjusted odds ratio for heavy- vs. non-drinkers: 1.38; 95% confidence interval: 1.22-1.57). Consumption of hard liquor, but not beer or wine, was significantly associated with poor sleep quality. CONCLUSIONS: Higher alcohol consumption was associated with poorer sleep quality and higher odds of having snoring and short sleep duration.

17.
Aging Cell ; 19(11): e13263, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33105070

RESUMO

Epidemiological studies of human longevity found two interesting features, robust advantage of female lifespan and consistent reduction of lifespan variation. To help understand the genetic aspects of these phenomena, the current study examined sex differences and variation of longevity using previously published mouse data sets including data on lifespan, age of puberty, and circulating insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) levels in 31 inbred strains, data from colonies of nuclear-receptor-interacting protein 1 (Nrip1) knockout mice, and a congenic strain, B6.C3H-Igf1. Looking at the overall data for all inbred strains, the results show no significant difference in lifespan and lifespan variation between sexes; however, considerable differences were found among and within strains. Across strains, lifespan variations of female and male mice are significantly correlated. Strikingly, between sexes, IGF1 levels correlate with the lifespan variation and maximum lifespan in different directions. Female mice with low IGF1 levels have higher variation and extended maximum lifespan. The opposite is detected in males. Compared to domesticated inbred strains, wild-derived inbred strains have elevated lifespan variation due to increased early deaths in both sexes and extended maximum lifespan in female mice. Intriguingly, the sex differences in survival curves of inbred strains negatively associated with age of female puberty, which is significantly accelerated in domesticated inbred strains compared to wild-derived strains. In conclusion, this study suggests that genetic factors are involved in the regulation of sexual disparities in lifespan and lifespan variation, and dissecting the mouse genome may provide novel insight into the underlying genetic mechanisms.

18.
Metab Brain Dis ; 35(8): 1433, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32926290

RESUMO

The original article contains mistake. The authors want to add Wenhui Pei as first co-author and Fang Fang as co-corresponding author.

19.
J Int Med Res ; 48(9): 300060520949755, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32954908

RESUMO

Amniotic band syndrome is an unusual congenital condition characterized by manifestations of disfigurement and disablement. Patients with this condition may experience an array of clinical deformities, including constriction rings, digital defects, and even visceral defects. Although this disease has been identified for centuries, its etiology is still unknown. The present male patient was born by cesarean section at 34 weeks and 4 days of gestation. At birth, an amniotic band that encircled and constricted his right upper limb was observed. Four hours after the amniotic band was cut off, amputation was performed because the right limb remained insensate. The patient suffered from amniotic band syndrome and presented with a gangrenous limb leading to amputation at birth, which is extremely rare. Moreover, the patient's mother suffered from a uterine septum, which has not been previously reported in this situation. Timely surgical treatment avoided further tissue necrosis threating the patient's life. This rare case of amniotic band syndrome provides new clinical evidence for the "extrinsic theory".

20.
DNA Repair (Amst) ; 96: 102974, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32998084

RESUMO

The dynamic structure of nuclear chromatin and its regulation in the formation of repair complex is essential in DNA damage response and repair. Using single molecule localization microscopy STORM this work discovered that the nuclear chromatin organization was relaxed from 200 to 400 nm thick irregular frame and remodeled to dispersed sub-100 nm structure in HeLa cells after X-ray irradiation. The DSB repair factors (γ-H2AX, MDC1, 53BP1) showed distribution as microscale-colocalized and nanoscale interlaced substructure in the DSB repair complex. The dual-color nanoscopic imaging of γ-H2AX and chromatin at the DSB sites suggest that DNA damage response and repair cascade are chromatin structure-dependent and also partly dependent on the distance to the DSB sites. The sub-100 nm structure of fibers and nanoclusters of the relaxed nuclear chromatin and the DSB repair factors highly resembled the cross-section view of chromatin organization. These data demonstrated the polymorphic and dynamic behavior of the chromatin organization in vivo, and provided nanoscale insight into the interplay between chromatin remodeling and DNA damage response and DNA repair.

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