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1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(2): 659-667, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383060

RESUMO

As a new kind of two-dimensional nanomaterial, black phosphorus (BP) nanosheets have attracted significant interests in diverse bioapplications due to their unique structure and physicochemical properties. Despite BP nanosheets' advantages in cancer diagnosis and therapy applications, their biosafety issues are still unclear. Herein, we report a systematic study on the In Vitro and In Vivo toxicity of BP nanosheets. In Vitro experiments showed that BP nanosheets decrease the viability of human bronchial epithelial cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. The mechanism study showed that BP nanosheets interfere with mitochondrial membrane potential, leading to an increase in intracellular ROS. These responses further initiated the activation of the caspase-3 and ultimately dictated cells to undergo apoptosis. Then, the In Vivo experiments of BP nanosheets revealed that single injection of BP nanosheets does not cause toxicity to mice in a short period of time, whereas multiple injections of BP nanosheets exert adverse effects on liver and renal function of mice. Interestingly, the liver and renal function of the mice returned to normal after a recovery period. Our findings provide insights into the rational design of BP nanosheets and guide their applications in biomedical fields.

2.
Bipolar Disord ; 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407477

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Misdiagnosis of bipolar disorder (BD) as unipolar depression (UD) may cause improper treatment strategy to be chosen, especially in the early stages of disease. The aim of this study was to characterize alterations in specific brain networks for depressed patients who transformed into BD (tBD) from UD. METHOD: The module allegiance (MA) from resting-fMRI by applying a multilayer modular method was estimated in 99 patients (33 tBD, 33 BD, 33 UD) and 33 healthy controls (HC). A classification model was trained on tBD and UD patients. HC was used to explore the functional declination patterns of BD, tBD and UD. RESULTS: Based on our classification model, difference mainly reflected in default-mode network (DMN). Compared with HC, both BD and tBD focused on the difference of somatomotor network (SMN), while UD on the abnormity of DMN. The patterns of brain network between patients with BD and tBD were well overlapped, except for cognitive control network (CCN). CONCLUSION: The functional declination of internal interaction in DMN was suggested to be useful for the identification of BD from UD in the early stage. The higher recruitment of DMN may predispose patients to depressive states, while higher recruitment of SMN makes them more sensitive to external stimuli and prone to mania. Furthermore, CCN may be a critical network for identifying different stages of BD, suggesting that the onset of mania in depressed patients is accompanied by CCN related cognitive impairments. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 17(1): 54, 2019 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30992018

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nanomaterials that exhibit intrinsic enzyme-like characteristics have shown great promise as potential antibacterial agents. However, many of them exhibit inefficient antibacterial activity and biosafety problems that limit their usefulness. The development of new nanomaterials with good biocompatibility and rapid bactericidal effects is therefore highly desirable. Here, we show a new type of terbium oxide nanoparticles (Tb4O7 NPs) with intrinsic oxidase-like activity for in vitro and in vivo antibacterial application. RESULTS: We find that Tb4O7 NPs can quickly oxidize a series of organic substrates in the absence of hydrogen peroxide. The oxidase-like capacity of Tb4O7 NPs allows these NPs to consume antioxidant biomolecules and generate reactive oxygen species to disable bacteria in vitro. Moreover, the in vivo experiments showed that Tb4O7 NPs are efficacious in wound-healing and are protective of normal tissues. CONCLUSIONS: Our results reveal that Tb4O7 NPs have intrinsic oxidase-like activity and show effective antibacterial ability both in vitro and in vivo. These findings demonstrate that Tb4O7 NPs are effective antibacterial agents and may have a potential application in wound healing.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Escherichia coli , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Óxidos/química , Oxirredutases/química , Staphylococcus aureus , Térbio/química , Cicatrização , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Sobrevivência Celular , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Hemólise , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Óxidos/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Térbio/farmacologia
4.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(5): 4858-4866, 2019 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30628779

RESUMO

Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanosheets have received considerable interest due to their superior physicochemical performances to graphene nanosheets. As the lateral size and layer thickness decrease, the formed MoS2 quantum dots (QDs) show more promise as photocatalysts, endowing them with potential antimicrobial properties under environmental conditions. However, studies on the antibacterial photodynamic therapy of MoS2 QDs have rarely been reported. Here, we show that MoS2 QDs more effectively promote the creation and separation of electron-hole pair than MoS2 nanosheets, resulting in the formation of multiple reactive oxygen species (ROS) under simulated solar light irradiation. As a result, photoexcited MoS2 QDs show remarkably enhanced antibacterial activity, and the ROS-mediated oxidative stress plays a dominant role in the antibacterial mechanism. The in vivo experiments showed that MoS2 QDs are efficacious in wound healing under simulated solar light irradiation and exert protective effects on normal tissues, suggesting good biocompatibility properties. Our findings provide a full description of the photochemical behavior of MoS2 QDs and the resulting antibacterial activity, which might advance the development of MoS2-based nanomaterials as photodynamic antibacterial agents under environmental conditions.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Dissulfetos , Molibdênio , Pontos Quânticos , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/efeitos da radiação , Antibacterianos/toxicidade , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Dissulfetos/química , Dissulfetos/farmacologia , Dissulfetos/toxicidade , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Molibdênio/química , Molibdênio/farmacologia , Molibdênio/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Processos Fotoquímicos , Pontos Quânticos/química , Pontos Quânticos/efeitos da radiação , Pontos Quânticos/toxicidade , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Infecção dos Ferimentos
5.
Exp Ther Med ; 16(3): 1958-1962, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30186424

RESUMO

Expression of autophagy-related proteins, microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 (LC3) and Beclin1, and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) was investigated in serum and peritoneal fluid of patients with endometriosis (EM). The messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression levels of MMP-2, LC3 and Beclin1 in endometrial tissues of EM patients and correlation of these genes with EM and their significance were evaluated. The serum, peritoneal fluid and endometrial tissues of 84 patients treated in The First Affiliated Hospital of Qiqihar Medical University (Qiqihar, China) from March 2016 to March 2017 were collected. The serum, peritoneal fluid and endometrial tissues of 42 EM patients were used as the experimental group, while those of 42 non-EM patients were used as the control group. The levels of LC3, Beclin1 and MMP-2 in serum and peritoneal fluid of EM patients and non-EM patients were quantitatively detected via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), followed by comparative analysis based on data in both groups. In addition, mRNA expression of LC3, Beclin1 and MMP-2 in the endometrium in both groups were detected via reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), and differences in expression of these genes between the groups were analyzed and evaluated. Correlation of LC3, Beclin1 and MMP-2 with EM was explored. Results of ELISA showed that levels of LC3 and Beclin1 in the EM group were significantly lower than those in the control group, while levels of MMP-2 in serum and peritoneal fluid of the EM group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). Results of RT-qPCR revealed that mRNA expression of LC3 and Beclin1 in the endometrium of patients in the EM group were obviously decreased compared with those in the control group, while the expression of MMP-2 was high, and differences in expression were statistically significant (P<0.05). The expression of MMP-2 is high, and expression of LC3 and Beclin1 is low in serum, peritoneal fluid and endometrium of EM patients, and investigating the expression of MMP-2, LC3 and Beclin1 in EM is helpful to further clarify the pathogenesis of EM, and guide the clinical diagnosis and treatment.

6.
J Food Sci Technol ; 55(6): 2079-2086, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29892108

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to unveil insights into the effects of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on the development of volatile compounds and metabolites during the dough fermentation in making Chinese steamed bread. Changes in gluten structure under the influence of baker's yeast were studied using scanning electron micrographs (SEM). A unique aroma profile was found comprising some previously reported aromatic compounds and some unreported aromatic aldehydes ((E)-2-Decenal and 2-Undecenal) and ketones (2-Heptanone and 2-Nonanone) in the baker's yeast fermentation. Among metabolites, the most preferred sugar for this yeast (glucose) showed a significant decrease in contents during the initial few hours of the fermentation and at last an increase was observed. However, most of the amino acids increased either slightly or decreased by the fermentation time. SEM of fermented dough showed that the yeast had a very little effect on starch stability. This study provided some fermentation features of the bakers' yeast which could be used for the tailored production of steamed bread.

7.
PeerJ ; 6: e5111, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29942714

RESUMO

Background: Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), deoxynivalenol (DON), HT-2, ochratoxin A (OTA), zearalenone (ZEA) are the most common mycotoxins that are found in corn-based animal feed which have multiple toxic effects on animals and humans. Previous studies reported that these mycotoxins impaired mammalian oocyte quality. However, the effective concentrations of mycotoxins to animal oocytes were different. Methods: In this study we aimed to compare the sensitivity of mouse and porcine oocytes to AFB1, DON, HT-2, OTA, and ZEA for mycotoxin research. We adopted the polar body extrusion rate of mouse and porcine oocyte as the standard for the effects of mycotoxins on oocyte maturation. Results and Discussion: Our results showed that 10 µM AFB1 and 1 µM DON significantly affected porcine oocyte maturation compared with 50 µM AFB1 and 2 µM DON on mouse oocytes. However, 10 nM HT-2 significantly affected mouse oocyte maturation compared with 50 nM HT-2 on porcine oocytes. Moreover, 5 µM OTA and 10 µM ZEA significantly affected porcine oocyte maturation compared with 300 µM OTA and 50 µM ZEA on mouse oocytes. In summary, our results showed that porcine oocytes were more sensitive to AFB1, DON, OTA, and ZEA than mouse oocytes except HT-2 toxin.

8.
J Agric Food Chem ; 65(20): 4111-4120, 2017 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28475838

RESUMO

Types of polyketide synthase-terpenoid synthase (PKS-TPS) hybrid metabolites, including arthrosporols with significant morphological regulatory activity, have been elucidated from nematode-trapping fungus Arthrobotrys oligospora. A previous study suggested that the gene cluster AOL_s00215 in A. oligospora was involved in the production of arthrosporols. Here, we report that disruption of one cytochrome P450 monooxygenase gene AOL_s00215g280 in the cluster resulted in significant phenotypic difference and much aerial hyphae. A further bioassay indicated that the mutant showed a dramatic decrease in the conidial formation but developed numerous traps and killed 85% nematodes within 6 h in contact with prey, in sharp contrast to the wild-type strain with no obvious response. Chemical investigation revealed huge accumulation of three new PKS-TPS epoxycyclohexone derivatives with different oxygenated patterns around the epoxycyclohexone moiety and the absence of arthrosporols in the cultural broth of the mutant ΔAOL_s00215g280. These findings suggested that a study on the biosynthetic pathway for morphological regulatory metabolites in nematode-trapping fungus would provide an efficient way to develop new fungal biocontrol agents.


Assuntos
Antinematódeos/metabolismo , Ascomicetos/enzimologia , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/metabolismo , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Nematoides/microbiologia , Animais , Antinematódeos/química , Ascomicetos/genética , Ascomicetos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ascomicetos/metabolismo , Vias Biossintéticas , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/genética , Mutação , Nematoides/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Controle Biológico de Vetores , Policetídeo Sintases/genética , Policetídeo Sintases/metabolismo , Esporos Fúngicos/enzimologia , Esporos Fúngicos/genética , Esporos Fúngicos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Esporos Fúngicos/metabolismo
9.
Tumour Biol ; 37(1): 911-24, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26256045

RESUMO

We unveiled the association of Annexin A7 with vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) and the effect of upregulation of Annexin A7 in Hca-F and Hca-P cells on inhibiting hepatocarcinoma (HCC) lymph node metastasis (LNM) in vitro and in vivo. A total of 200 inbred 615 mice were randomly divided into four equal groups inoculated with Hca-F, Hca-P, FAnxa7-upregulated, and PAnxa7-upregulated cells, respectively. The primary tumor, popliteal, inguinal, and iliac lymph nodes were prepared for immunohistochemical (IHC) staining, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis, Western blot, and hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining. There was over 50 % increase both in the number of FAnxa7-upregulated and PAnxa7-upregulated cells migrated through the filter compared to their controls (FAnxa7-control, Hca-F and PAnxa7-control, Hca-P). However, no significant differences were noted in invasion ability between them (all P > 0.05). Tumor lymph vessels were significantly reduced in FAnxa7-upregulated and PAnxa7-upregulated tumors when compared with Hca-F and Hca-P tumors (all P < 0.05). Blood vessel density did not differ significantly between FAnxa7-upregulated and PAnxa7-upregulated tumors and Hca-F and Hca-P tumors. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for VEGF-C showed that upregulating Annexin A7 decreased VEGF-C secretion in FAnxa7-upregulated and PAnxa7-upregulated cells (P < 0.05). The IHC staining result showed that the level of serum Annexin A7 was found to be statistically higher in all experimental groups than that in the control group (P < 0.05). The present results indicated that alterations in serum Annexin A7 expression may be of prognostic relevance in HCC lymphatic metastasis.


Assuntos
Anexina A7/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Imuno-Histoquímica , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Camundongos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Regulação para Cima , Fator C de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
10.
Obstet Gynecol Surv ; 70(1): 33-8, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25616345

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review of studies comparing the pregnancy outcomes in hydrosalpinx patients treated with salpingectomy versus those treated with proximal tubal occlusion prior to in vitro fertilization (IVF). DATA SOURCES: An extensive PubMed literature search was performed for the period from 1980 to December 2013 using combinations of the following keywords: "hydrosalpinx," "salpingectomy," and "tubal occlusion." METHODS OF THE STUDY SELECTION: Initially, 204 relevant studies were identified from MEDLINE and screened for retrieval. All of the randomized controlled trials comparing ovarian response and the pregnancy outcome of salpingectomy and proximal tubal occlusion for hydrosalpinx patients prior to IVF were considered eligible for analysis. TABULATION, INTEGRATION, AND RESULTS: Two investigators independently reviewed the studies. The data were pooled, and the mean standard difference (SD) was calculated. Eligible randomized controlled trials were selected for this meta-analysis. There were no differences in the response days to controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (SD = -1.112, SE = 0.973, Z = -1.14, P = 0.253), number of oocytes retrieved (SD = 0.404, SE = 0.311, Z = 1.300, P = 0.194), embryos transferred per cycle (SD = -0.757, SE = 0.568, Z = -1.332, P = 0.183), and fertilized oocytes (SD = -0.006, SE = 0.130, Z = -0.045, P = 0.964) between the patients receiving salpingectomy and proximal tubal occlusion. The pooled rates for clinical pregnancy (odds ratio, 0.864; 95% confidence interval, 0.534-1.398; Z = -0.596, P = 0.551) and implantation (odds ratio, 1.558; 95% confidence interval, 0.809-3.003; Z = 1.325, P = 0.185) were not significantly different between the hydrosalpinx patients with salpingectomy versus proximal tubal occlusion. CONCLUSIONS: Similar responses to controlled ovarian hyperstimulation and pregnancy outcome were observed in patients treated with salpingectomy or proximal tubal occlusion.


Assuntos
Doenças das Tubas Uterinas/cirurgia , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Indução da Ovulação , Resultado da Gravidez , Salpingectomia , Esterilização Tubária , Adulto , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Humanos , Gravidez , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
11.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 8(10): 12775-83, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26722467

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs), endogenous noncoding small RNAs, have been reported to play crucial roles in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in cancers. Deregulation of microRNA-204 (miR-204) has been documented in many cancers, but its role in the development of esophageal cancer (EC) has not been studied. Here, we reported the role of miR-204 in invasion and EMT in EC. We identified an inverse correlation between miR-204 expression level and the invasion and EMT phenotype of EC cells, and up-regulation of miR-204 inhibited invasion and EMT phenotype of EC cells. Furthermore, we showed that forkhead box protein M1 (FOXM1) was a direct target gene of miR-204, and miR-204 regulated invasion and EMT in EC by acting directly on the 3'UTR of FOXM1 mRNA and suppressing its protein expression. We also explored the anti-tumor effect of miR-204, and found that overexpression of miR-204 suppressed the growth of esophageal tumors in vivo. These findings suggest that miR-204 might be a suppressor of invasion and EMT in EC, which offers a novel potential therapeutic target for EC.


Assuntos
Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Proteína Forkhead Box M1 , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Regulação para Cima
12.
Ai Zheng ; 26(11): 1204-10, 2007 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17991319

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Mucin (MUC), a glycoprotein with high molecular weight, can lubricate and protect the epithelium. E-cadherin (E-cad) is helpful in keeping the polarity and integrity of the epithelium. The abnormal expression of Mucin and E-cad is involved in the genesis of many tumors. This study was to investigate the expression of MUC1, MUC2, MUC5AC and E-cad in different colorectal tumor tissues, and explore their correlations to clinicopathologic features of colorectal cancer and the correlations of MUC1, MUC2, and MUC5AC expression to E-cad expression. METHODS: The expression of MUC1, MUC2, MUC5AC and E-cad in 150 specimens of normal colorectal mucosa, 150 specimens of colorectal adenoma and 150 specimens of colorectal adenocarcinoma was detected by immunohistochemistry. Patients' survival was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method. The correlations of MUC1, MUC2, and MUC5AC expression to E-cad expression were analyzed by spearman's rank correlation. RESULTS: The positive rates of MUC1 were 0.07% in normal colorectal mucosa, 12.7% in colorectal adenoma, and 45.3% in colorectal adenocarcinoma. Those of MUC2 were 100%, 90.0% and 52.6%, respectively. Those of MUC5AC were 8.7%, 30.7% and 44.0%, respectively. Those of E-cad were 98.7%, 82.0% and 54.0%, respectively. In colorectal adenocarcinoma, the expression of MUC1 and MUC2 was correlated to tumor differentiation, invasion, lymph node metastasis and Dukes' stage (P<0.05); the expression of MUC5AC was correlated to tumor differentiation and invasion (P<0.01); the expression of E-cad was correlated to tumor differentiation (P<0.01). The 5-year survival rate was significantly higher in MUC1-negative group, MUC2-positive group and E-cadherin-positive group than in their counterparts (P<0.05). In colorectal adenocarcinoma, MUC1 expression was negatively correlated to E-cad expression (r=-0.234, P=0.004), MUC2 and MUC5AC expression were positively correlated to E-cad expression (r=0.170, P=0.038; r=0.198, P=0.015). CONCLUSIONS: In colorectal adenocarcinoma, MUC expression is obviously correlated to E-cad expression. The up-regulation of MUC1 and MUC5AC expression and the down-regulation of MUC2 and E-cad expression may be involved in the genesis of colorectal tumors and reflect the prognosis to a certain extent.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Caderinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Mucinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Retais/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenoma/metabolismo , Adenoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucina-5AC/metabolismo , Mucina-1/metabolismo , Mucina-2/metabolismo , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
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