Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 572
Filtrar
1.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 934632, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35935846

RESUMO

Laryngeal carcinoma is the most common head and neck malignancy globally, and chemotherapy is still the most common treatment for this type of carcinoma. Monotherapy has become powerless because of the lack of drugs in the anticancer agent library, the difficult process of new drug discovery, and the widespread drug resistance. Combination therapy with two agents, in particular Chinese herbal medicines with chemotherapy drugs, is a potential alternative to chemotherapy alone. However, combination therapy faces difficulties in delivering multiple drugs to tumor tissue in a precise ratio. Here, a cocktail polymeric prodrug micelle (PHPPM) was developed using an oxidation and reduction dual-responsive polymeric paclitaxel (PTX) and polymeric honokiol (HK) prodrugs. Both of them were obtained by covalently conjugating the drug to dextran via diselenium bonds. Following optimization and characterization, the PHPPM with the precise mass ratio of PTX and HK was obtained, enabling ratiometric drug loading, synchronized drug release in response to tumor high-level reactive oxygen species and glutathione environment, long blood circulation, and high tumor accumulation. This co-delivery system can effectively inhibit laryngeal carcinoma growth in vitro and in vivo. Codelivery of chemotherapy agents and Chinese herbal medicine with a precise ratio and controlled release of the two drugs at the tumor site provides an effective approach to clinical therapy for other laryngeal carcinomas.

2.
J Cancer Surviv ; 2022 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35932356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Resilience is important in cancer survivorship and has great potential to predict long-term quality of life (QoL) in breast cancer. The study was designed to develop a new prediction model to estimate pretest probability (PTP) of 1-year decreased QoL combing Resilience Index (RI) and conventional risk factors. METHODS: RI was extracted from 10-item Resilience Scale Specific to Cancer (RS-SC-10) based on the Principal Component Analysis (PCA). Patients were enrolled from Be Resilient to Breast Cancer (BRBC) and the prediction model was developed based on a sample of 506 consecutive patients and validated in an internal cohort (N1 = 314) and two external cohorts (N2 = 223 and N3 = 189). Integrated Discrimination Improvement (IDI) and Net Reclassification Improvement (NRI) were utilized to estimate the incremental value of RI. RESULTS: RI improved prediction above conventional risk factors. AUC increased from 0.745 to 0.862 while IDI and NRI were 8.39% and 18.44% respectively (P < 0.0001 for all). Five predictors were included in the final model: RI, age, N stage, M stage, and baseline QoL. The new model demonstrated good calibration ability in the internal and external cohorts resulting in C-indexes of 0.862 (95%CI, 0.815-0.909), 0.828 (95%CI, 0.745-0.910), 0.880 (95%CI, 0.816-0.944), and 0.869 (95%CI, 0.796-0.941). CONCLUSION: RI contributed to a more accurate estimation for PTP of 1-year decreased QoL above conventional risk factors and could help optimize decision making of treatment for breast cancer. IMPLICATIONS FOR CANCER SURVIVORS: A promising prognostic indicator of RI could improve QoL-related management in Chinese patients with breast cancer.

3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(32): e29838, 2022 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35960132

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis to compare the risk of all-cause mortality between biological/targeted synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (b/tsDMARDs) and non-b/tsDMARDs involving patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We performed a systematic review of articles published up to August 2021 using electronic databases. We included studies that reported all-cause mortality in RA patients and compared b/tsDMARDs and non-b/tsDMARDs. RESULTS: We included a total of 77 studies involving 64,428 patients. These comprised 44,227 patients treated with b/tsDMARDs and 20,201 treated with non-b/tsDMARDs. The occurrence of all-cause mortality was the primary outcome. The risk of all-cause mortality between the 2 treatments was not significantly different (relative risk = 1.08; 95% confidence interval = 0.98-1.19). However, subgroup analyses showed significant increase in risks of mortality in anti-TNFs users with RA compared with non-b/tsDMARDs (relative risk = 1.47, 95% confidence interval = 1.02-2.12). No significant differences were found after subgroup analyses based on other molecules involved and study duration. CONCLUSION: In comparison with non-b/tsDMARDs, our results suggest that antitumor necrosis factor therapy is associated with observed increased risks of mortality and further investigation is needed.

4.
Front Neurosci ; 16: 866735, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35864986

RESUMO

Gifted children and normal controls can be distinguished by analyzing the structural connectivity (SC) extracted from MRI data. Previous studies have improved classification accuracy by extracting several features of the brain regions. However, the limited size of the database may lead to degradation when training deep neural networks as classification models. To this end, we propose to use a data augmentation method by adding artificial samples generated using graph empirical mode decomposition (GEMD). We decompose the training samples by GEMD to obtain the intrinsic mode functions (IMFs). Then, the IMFs are randomly recombined to generate the new artificial samples. After that, we use the original training samples and the new artificial samples to enlarge the training set. To evaluate the proposed method, we use a deep neural network architecture called BrainNetCNN to classify the SCs of MRI data with and without data augmentation. The results show that the data augmentation with GEMD can improve the average classification performance from 55.7 to 78%, while we get a state-of-the-art classification accuracy of 93.3% by using GEMD in some cases. Our results demonstrate that the proposed GEMD augmentation method can effectively increase the limited number of samples in the gifted children dataset, improving the classification accuracy. We also found that the classification accuracy is improved when specific features extracted from brain regions are used, achieving 93.1% for some feature selection methods.

5.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 20(1): 340, 2022 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35858873

RESUMO

Practice of tumor-targeted suicide gene therapy is hampered by unsafe and low efficient delivery of plasmid DNA (pDNA). Using HIV-Tat-derived peptide (Tat) to non-covalently form Tat/pDNA complexes advances the delivery performance. However, this innovative approach is still limited by intracellular delivery efficiency and cell-cycle status. In this study, Tat/pDNA complexes were further condensed into smaller, nontoxic nanoparticles by Ca2+ addition. Formulated Tat/pDNA-Ca2+ nanoparticles mainly use macropinocytosis for intercellular delivery, and their macropinocytic uptake was persisted in mitosis (M-) phase and highly activated in DNA synthesis (S-) phase of cell-cycle. Over-expression or phosphorylation of a mitochondrial chaperone, 75-kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP75), promoted monopolar spindle kinase 1 (MPS1)-controlled centrosome duplication and cell-cycle progress, but also driven cell-cycle-dependent macropinocytosis of Tat/pDNA-Ca2+ nanoparticles. Further in vivo molecular imaging based on DF (Fluc-eGFP)-TF (RFP-Rluc-HSV-ttk) system showed that Tat/pDNA-Ca2+ nanoparticles exhibited highly suicide gene therapy efficiency in mouse model xenografted with human ovarian cancer. Furthermore, arresting cell-cycle at S-phase markedly enhanced delivery performance of Tat/pDNA-Ca2+ nanoparticles, whereas targeting GRP75 reduced their macropinocytic delivery. More importantly, in vivo targeting GRP75 combined with cell-cycle or macropinocytosis inhibitors exhibited distinct suicide gene therapy efficiency. In summary, our data highlight that mitochondrial chaperone GRP75 moonlights as a biphasic driver underlying cell-cycle-dependent macropinocytosis of Tat/pDNA-Ca2+ nanoparticles in ovarian cancer.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Animais , Cálcio , DNA/química , Feminino , Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Terapia Genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70 , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana , Camundongos , Nanopartículas/química , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Plasmídeos , Transfecção
6.
Appl Catal B ; 317: 121709, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35812172

RESUMO

Ribavirin (RBV) is an antiviral drug used for treating COVID-19 infection. Its release into natural waters would threaten the health of aquatic ecosystem. This study reports an effective approach to degrade RBV by the trace N-oxyl compounds (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-N-oxyl (TEMPO) and N-Hydroxyphthalimide (NHPI)) enhanced UV activated free chlorine (UV/Chlorine) process. The results indicated that TEMPO and NHPI at low concentrations (0.1 µM and 1 µM, respectively) could strongly enhance RBV degradation in both deionized water with different pHs and practical surface water. The enhancement was verified to be attributed to the transformation of TEMPO and NHPI into their reactive forms (i.e., TEMPO+ and PINO), which generations deeply relied on radicals. The two N-oxyl compounds inhibit ClO• yield by hindering the reaction of free chlorine vs. HO• and Cl•. The analyses on acute toxicities of RBV degradation products indicate that UV/Chlorine/N-oxyl compounds process can detoxify RBV more efficiently than UV/Chlorine process.

7.
Water Res ; 221: 118794, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35785695

RESUMO

Ultraviolet-based advanced oxidation processes (UV-AOPs) are highly effective for micropollutant degradation. However, it is considerably time and labor consuming to evaluate the practical performance of UV-AOPs. This study developed a novel method, through combination of model simulation with portable measurement (MS-PM), to facilitate prediction of the photon fluence-based rate constant of micropollutant degradation (k'p,MP) by UV/H2O2, a commercially available UV-AOP. Model simulation was performed with photochemical, hydroxyl radical (HO•) concentration steady-state approximation, and quantitative structure-activity relationship models; and portable measurement was conducted on a mini-fluidic photoreaction system to quantify the HO• scavenging capacity (HRSC) of a water matrix. The method was established and further verified experimentally in seven test waters by taking sulfamethazine (SMN) as a model micropollutant. A lower k'p,SMN was predicted in a water matrix with a higher HRSC, for example, 57.5 and 347.8 m2 einstein-1 in the raw water (HRSC = 5.91 × 105 s-1) and sand-filtered effluent (HRSC = 5.25 × 104 s-1) of a drinking water treatment plant at an H2O2 dose of 25 mg L-1, respectively. The predicted values agreed generally well with the experimental ones. The MS-PM method has advantages of high efficiency and convenience, low cost, and acceptable accuracy, which will significantly facilitate the design and field assessment of UV-AOPs for micropollutant removal from drinking water.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Oxirredução , Sulfametazina , Raios Ultravioleta
8.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 628(Pt A): 22-30, 2022 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35908428

RESUMO

The development of highly-catalytic counter electrode (CE) materials is vital to the construction of quantum dot-sensitized solar cells (QDSCs) but is still challenging. Here, a novel self-assembly double-faced decorated carbon nanosheets with MOF-derived CuxS nanospheres (DF-CuxS/C NSs) were prepared as high-performance hybrid CEs for improving the catalytic activity towards polysulfide electrolytes and enhancing the performance of QDSCs. It is shown that the MOF-derived CuxS nanospheres disperse well on the surface of the carbon NSs in the obtained DF-CuxS/C NSs hybrids. Electrochemical characterization demonstrated that the DF-CuxS/C NSs with moderate mass ratio exhibited enhanced electrocatalytic activity towards the reduction of the polysulfide redox couple (Sn2-/S2-) and decreased charge transfer resistance at the interface of the CE/electrolyte. Benefitting from the merits of this novel hybrid CE, the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the CdSeTe QDs-based QDSCs is increased to 9.39%, which is higher than the pristine carrageenan (CA)-derived CEs (5.84%) and Cu-BTC-derived CEs (7.74%). With the further optimization of the substrate, the highest PCE of 11.36% was achieved based on the Ti mesh substrate supported hybrid CE.

9.
EBioMedicine ; 82: 104164, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35843176

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exercise training protects the heart against pathological cardiac remodeling and confers cardioprotection from heart failure. However, the underlying mechanism is still elusive. METHODS: An integrative analysis of multi-omics data of the skeletal muscle in response to exercise is performed to search for potential exerkine. Then, CCDC80tide is examined in humans after acute exercise. The role of CCDC80tide is assessed in a mouse model of hypertensive cardiac remodeling and in hypertension-mediated cell injury models. The transcriptomic analysis and immunoprecipitation assay are conducted to explore the mechanism. FINDINGS: The coiled-coil domain-containing protein 80 (CCDC80) is found strongly positively associated with exercise. Interestingly, exercise stimuli induce the secretion of C-terminal CCDC80 (referred as CCDC80tide hereafter) via EVs-encapsulated CCDC80tide into the circulation. Importantly, cardiac-specific expression of CCDC80tide protects against angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis in mice. In in vitro studies, the expression of CCDC80tide reduces Ang II-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, cardiac microvascular endothelial cell (CMEC) inflammation, and mitigated vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and collagen formation. To understand the cardioprotective effect of CCDC80tide, a transcriptomic analysis reveals a dramatic inhibition of the STAT3 (Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3) signaling pathway in CCDC80tide overexpressing cells. Mechanistically, CCDC80tide selectively interacts with the kinase-active form of JAK2 (Janus kinase 2) and consequently inhibits its kinase activity to phosphorylate and activate STAT3. INTERPRETATION: The results provide new insights into exercise-afforded cardioprotection in pathological cardiac remodeling and highlight the therapeutic potential of CCDC80tide in heart failure treatment. FUNDING: This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China [Grant/Award Numbers: 81770428, 81830010, 82130012, 81900438, 82100447); Shanghai Science and Technology Committee [Grant/Award Numbers: 21S11903000, 19JC1415702]; Emerging and Advanced Technology Programs of Hospital Development Center of Shanghai [Grant/Award Number: SHDC12018129]; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation [2021M692108]; and China National Postdoctoral Program for Innovative Talents [BX20200211].

10.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35778791

RESUMO

Understanding the laminar brain structure is of great help in further developing our knowledge of the functions of the brain. However, since most layer segmentation methods are invasive, it is difficult to apply them to the human brain in vivo. To systematically explore the human brain's laminar structure noninvasively, the K-means clustering algorithm was used to automatically segment the left hemisphere into two layers, the superficial and deep layers, using a 7 Tesla (T) diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI)open dataset. The obtained layer thickness was then compared with the layer thickness of the BigBrain reference dataset, which segmented the neocortex into six layers based on the von Economo atlas. The results show a significant correlation not only between our automatically segmented superficial layer thickness and the thickness of layers 1-3 from the reference histological data, but also between our automatically segmented deep layer thickness and the thickness of layers 4-6 from the reference histological data. Second, we constructed the laminar connections between two pairs of unidirectional connected regions, which is consistent with prior research. Finally, we conducted the laminar analysis of the working memory, which was challenging to do in the past, and explained the conclusions of the functional analysis. Our work successfully demonstrates that it is possible to segment the human cortex noninvasively into layers using dMRI data and further explores the mechanisms of the human brain.

11.
Front Physiol ; 13: 871968, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35832482

RESUMO

Fibronectin (FN) enhances K+ channel activity by integrin-mediated mechanisms. As vascular smooth muscle (VSM) K+ channels mediate vasodilation, we hypothesized that modification of fibronectin, via advanced non-enzymatic glycation, would alter signaling of this extracellular matrix protein through these channels. Bovine FN (1 mg/ml) was glycated (gFN) for 5 days using methylglyoxal (50 mM), and albumin was similarly glycated as a non-matrix protein control. VSM cells were isolated from rat cerebral arteries for measurement of macroscopic K+ channel activity using whole cell patch clamp methodology. Pharmacological inhibitors, iberiotoxin (0.1 µM) and 4-aminopyridine (0.1 mM), were used to identify contributions of large-conductance, Ca2+-activated, K+ channels and voltage-gated K+ channels, respectively. Compared with baseline, native FN enhanced whole cell K+ current in a concentration-dependent manner, whereas gFN inhibited basal current. Furthermore, native albumin did not enhance basal K+ current, but the glycated form (gAlb) caused inhibition. gFN was shown to impair both the Kv and BKCa components of total macroscopic K+ current. Anti-integrin α5 and ß1 antibodies attenuated the effects of both FN and gFN on macroscopic K+ current at +70 mV. Consistent with an action on BKCa activity, FN increased, whereas gFN decreased the frequency of spontaneous transient outward current (STOCs). In contrast, gAlb inhibited whole cell K+ current predominantly through Kv, showing little effect on STOCs. A function-blocking, anti-RAGE antibody partially reversed the inhibitory effects of gFN, suggesting involvement of this receptor. Further, gFN caused production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by isolated VSMCs as revealed by the fluorescent indicator, DHE. Evoked ROS production was attenuated by the RAGE blocking antibody. Collectively, these studies identify ion channel-related mechanisms (integrin and ROS-mediated) by which protein glycation may modify VSMC function.

12.
Pak J Med Sci ; 38(5): 1376-1381, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35799718

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of Fu Yan Qing prescription on sequelae of pelvic inflammatory disease of accumulation of dampness heat and blood stasis type. Methods: Total 80 patients with sequelae of sequelae of pelvic inflammatory disease of accumulation of dampness heat and blood stasis type were admitted to Baoding No.1 Central Hospital from December, 2018 to April, 2020 and divided into two groups according to the random number table, with 40 cases in each group. Patients in the control group were treated with conventional western medicine, while patients in the observation group were treated with Fu Yan Qing prescription orally. The clinical efficacy, the changes of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes, local sign scores, visual analog scale (VAS) of pain, pelvic mass size, pelvic fluid volume and uterine blood flow parameters of the two groups before and after treatment were observed and compared, and the safety of the two groups was evaluated. Results: The total efficacy after treatment in the observation group was 87.5%, which was significantly higher than that of 67.5% in the control group (p<0.05). The TCM syndrome scores, local signs scores, pain scores, size of pelvic mass and pelvic effusion in both groups decreased significantly after treatment (p<0.05), PSV indexes of the two groups were significantly increased after treatment (p<0.05), and these changes were even more pronounced in the observation group (p<0.05). Compared with before treatment, PI and RI indexes of the observation group were significantly decreased after treatment (p<0.05). The observation group experienced an adverse reaction in 7.5% cases considerably lower than the 27.5% of the control group (p<0.05). Conclusion: Fu Yan Qing prescription is a safe and reliable treatment for patients with sequelae of pelvic inflammatory disease of accumulation of dampness heat and blood stasis type. It is worth promotion in clinical practice.

13.
Animals (Basel) ; 12(13)2022 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35804617

RESUMO

The objective of the study was to elucidate the stearoyl-coenzyme A desaturase (SCD1)-dependent gene network of c9, t11-CLA biosynthesis in MAC-T cells from an energy metabolism perspective. The cells were divided into the CAY group (firstly incubated with CAY10566, a chemical inhibitor of SCD1, then incubated with trans-11-octadecenoic acid, (TVA)), the TVA group (only TVA), and the control group (without CAY, TVA). The c9, t11-CLA, and TVA contents were determined by gas chromatography. The mRNA levels of SCD1 and candidate genes were analyzed via real-time PCR. Tandem mass tag (TMT)-based quantitative proteomics, bioinformatic analysis, parallel reaction monitoring (PRM), and small RNA interference were used to explore genes involved in the SCD1-dependent c9, t11-CLA biosynthesis. The results showed that the SCD1 deficiency led by CAY10566 blocked the biosynthesis of c9, t11-CLA. In total, 60 SCD1-related proteins mainly involved in energy metabolism pathways were primarily screened by TMT-based quantitative proteomics analysis. Moreover, 17 proteins were validated using PRM analysis. Then, 11 genes were verified to have negative relationships with SCD1 after the small RNA interference analysis. Based on the above results, we concluded that genes involved in energy metabolism pathways have an impact on the SCD1-dependent molecular mechanism of c9, t11-CLA biosynthesis.

14.
Blood Cancer J ; 12(7): 104, 2022 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35798714

RESUMO

To improve clinical outcomes and shorten the vein-to-vein time of chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cells, we developed the FasT CAR-T (F-CAR-T) next-day manufacturing platform. We report the preclinical and first-in-human clinical studies evaluating the safety, feasibility, and preliminary efficacy of CD19 F-CAR-T in B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). CD19 F-CAR-T cells demonstrated excellent proliferation with a younger cellular phenotype, less exhaustion, and more effective tumor elimination compared to conventional CAR-T cells in the preclinical study. In our phase I study (NCT03825718), F-CAR-T cells were successfully manufactured and infused in all of the 25 enrolled pediatric and adult patients with B-ALL. CD19 F-CAR-T safety profile was manageable with 24% grade 3 cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and 28% grade 3/4 neurotoxicity occurring predominantly in pediatric patients. On day 14, 23/25 patients achieved minimal residual disease (MRD)-negative complete remission (CR), and 20 subsequently underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) within 3 months post F-CAR-T therapy. Fifteen of 20 patients were disease-free with a median remission duration of 734 days. One patient relapsed and 4/20 died from transplant-related mortality. Of the three patients who did not undergo allo-HSCT, two remained in CR until 10 months post-F-CAR-T. Our data indicate that anti-CD19 FasT CAR-T shows promising early efficacy for B-ALL. Further evaluations in larger clinical studies are needed.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Linfoma de Células B , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Adulto , Antígenos CD19 , Criança , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva/efeitos adversos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia
15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(27): 31435-31447, 2022 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35767708

RESUMO

To obtain high energy density for magnesium (Mg)-metal batteries, a promising low-cost energy storage technology, a thin Mg-metal anode of tens of micrometers must be used. However, the Coulombic efficiency (CE) and the anode utilization rate (AUR) of thin Mg metal are far from sufficient to sustain a long cycle life. This drawback is closely related to the morphological instability during galvanostatic cycling. In this work, we observed that the morphological evolution of Mg metal can be controlled with a pre-applied overpotential. With a properly pre-applied overpotential (e.g., -0.5 V), we show that the average AUR and the average CE of thin Mg metal (16 µm, equivalent to 6 mA h cm-2) in a Mg/Mo asymmetric cell can be substantially improved from 29.8 to 74.8% and from 97.7 to 99.5%, respectively, under a practical current density of 2 mA cm-2. These advances can theoretically improve the energy density and cycle life of Mg-S batteries to more than 1000 W h kg-1 and 100 cycles, respectively. This work deepens our understanding of the morphological and compositional evolution of Mg metal during stripping and plating processes and suggests a facile and effective method to substantially improve the cycling stability of thin Mg metal.

16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(27): 31285-31295, 2022 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35771675

RESUMO

Exploring polymeric hole-transporting materials (HTMs) with passivation functions represents a simplified and effective approach to minimize the perovskite defect density. To date, most of reported polymeric HTMs were applied to fabricate n-i-p regular perovskite solar cells (PSCs). The polymers compatible for p-i-n inverted PSCs were very limited. Moreover, the passivation polymers were devoted to passivate the uncoordinated Pb2+. However, the MA+ cation defect has profound unwanted effect on device efficiency and long-term stability. In order to synchronously passivate the Pb2+ and MA+ defects in p-i-n inverted PSCs, a new nonfused polymer was intentionally explored via mild polymerization. The aromatic bridge instead of long alkyl chains enabled polymer BN-12 to achieve excellent thermal stability and good wettability of perovskite precursor. Furthermore, the incorporation of chemical anchor sites ("C═O" and "F") strongly controlled the crystallization of perovskite and restrained the MA+ ion migration. As a result, a significant fill factor (FF) of 82.9% and an enhanced power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 20.28% were achieved for MAPbI3-based devices with the dopant-free BN-12, exceeding those with the commercial HTM PTAA (FF = 81.7%, PCE = 19.51%). More importantly, the unencapsulated devices based on BN-12 realized outstanding long-term stability, maintaining approximately 95% of its initial efficiency after stored for 85 days. By contrast, the PTAA-based device showed rapid decrease which retained only 50% of its initial value after 45 days.

17.
Pest Manag Sci ; 78(8): 3704-3716, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35643940

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Research on selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) in chemical defense and chemotherapy of plants has developed rapidly owing to their high microbial toxicity, environmental safety, and degradability. Pine wilt disease (PWD) threatens pine forests worldwide; however, it is difficult to kill the nematodes (Bursaphelenchus xylophilus) inside the tree that cause PWD using traditional pesticide formulations. SeNPs could be the key to controlling PWD. RESULTS: In this study, approximately 50 nm SeNPs were prepared using a simple and green method, and chitosan was used to increase their biocompatibility and stability. The preparation and characterization results showed that the prepared SeNPs coated with chitosan (SeNPs@CS) were spherical and evenly dispersed. The bioassay results showed that SeNPs@CS had an LC50 of 15.627 mg L-1 against B. xylophilus. In addition, the killing mechanism of SeNPs@CS against B. xylophilus was studied. Confocal microscopy and transmission electron microscopy demonstrated that B. xylophilus were killed by reactive oxygen species, and the penetration of nano-form materials to B. xylophilus was higher than that of non-nano-form materials. To verify the effective penetration of SeNPs in pine tissues, Cy5-labeled SeNPs@CS was observed inside pine needles and branches using frozen sections and confocal microscopy. In addition, the cytotoxicity of SeO2 and SeNPs@CS was tested, and the results showed that the cytotoxicity of SeNPs@CS to MC3T3-E1 cells was reduced. CONCLUSION: These results show that SeNPs are expected to be used as a new strategy for the control of PWD with oxidative damage and high penetration to B. xylophilus and effective target penetration and biosafety. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Nanopartículas , Pinus , Rabditídios , Selênio , Animais , Estresse Oxidativo , Selênio/farmacologia , Xylophilus
18.
J Hazard Mater ; 437: 129331, 2022 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35709623

RESUMO

While it is recognized that instrumentation techniques can provide precise and sensitive solutions to heavy metal ion monitoring, it remains challenging to transform laboratory testing into a convenient, on-site, and quantitative sensing platform for point-of-care testing (POCT) in a resource-constrained setting. To address these limitations, an affordable and user-friendly colorimetric POCT sensing system is proposed here for selectively monitoring four metal ions (Fe3+, Co2+, Pb2+, and Cd2+) based on the sulfur quantum dots (S dots). Quadruple distinct visual signals (green, brown, precipitation, and bright yellow) are presented on the fabricated paper-based analytical devices (PADs) when mixing S dots and metal ions. The high-quality photographs of the PADs are captured by a scanner, while a smartphone App converts visual signals to HSV values. The quantitative analysis relies on the digital colorimetric reading, and the limits of detection are 0.59, 0.47, 0.82, and 0.53 µM for Fe3+, Co2+, Cd2+, and Pb2+, respectively. This metal ions-responsive platform is engineered as a smart strategy for multiple logic operations (YES, NOT, AND, INHIBIT, and NOR) by integrating multi-responsive blocks into the S dots with encoded patterns, which improves the computing capability. Accordingly, this strategy demonstrates its potential for on-site environmental testing and sophisticated molecular computation.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Chumbo , Íons/análise , Lógica , Testes Imediatos
19.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0154122, 2022 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35766496

RESUMO

NADC34-like porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) has been reported to be prevalent in China since 2018 and became one of the main epidemic strains in some areas of China. Yet, the pathogenicity of NADC34-like PRRSV tested by experimental infection has seldomly been investigated. In this study, we infected pigs with JS2021NADC34 PRRSV, a Chinese NADC34-like PRRSV isolated in Jiangsu province in 2021, to study the pathogenicity of this virus strain. Pigs infected with this virus had lasting fever and reduced body weight with high morbidity and mortality. Histopathological changes, including interstitial pneumonia, lymphocyte depletion, acute hemorrhage, and infiltration of neutrophils in the lymphoid tissues, were observed with the viral proteins detected by immunohistochemistry staining using PRRSV-specific antibody. These results suggested that JS2021NADC34 PRRSV is highly pathogenic to pigs. As it is the latest emerging PRRSV strain in China, the prevalence and pathogenicity of NADC34-like PRRSV need to be further investigated. IMPORTANCE NADC34 PRRSV was initially reported in the United States in 2018. Subsequently, this virus strain spread to other countries, including Peru, South Korea, and China. The virus was first found circulating in Northeast China and then spread to more than 10 provinces in China. NADC34 PRRSV causes severe abortion of sows and high mortality of piglets, which lead to huge economic losses to the Chinese pig industry. However, the pathogenicity of NADC34 PRRSV was rarely experimentally evaluated on pigs. In this study, pigs were infected with JS2021NADC34 PRRSV, a Chinese NADC34-like PRRSV isolated in Jiangsu province in 2021. The infected pigs had lasting fever and reduced body weight with high morbidity and mortality. Interstitial pneumonia, lymphocyte depletion, acute hemorrhage, and infiltration of neutrophils were observed in the lymphoid tissues, and high virus load was proved by immunohistochemistry staining. The above results indicated that NADC34 PRRSV has high pathogenicity on pigs.

20.
PLoS One ; 17(6): e0269552, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35666755

RESUMO

Cancer cell adhesion to the endothelium is a crucial process in hematogenous metastasis, but how the integrity of the endothelial barrier and endothelial cell (EC) mechanical properties influence the adhesion between metastatic cancer cells and the endothelium remain unclear. In the present study, we have measured the adhesion between single cancer cells and two types of ECs at various growth states and their mechanical properties (elasticity) using atomic force microscopy single cell force spectroscopy. We demonstrated that the EC stiffness increased and adhesion with cancer cells decreased, as ECs grew from a single cell to a confluent state and developed cell-cell contacts, but this was reversed when confluent cells returned to a single state in a scratch assay. Our results suggest that the integrity of the endothelial barrier is an important factor in reducing the ability of the metastatic tumor cells to adhere to the vascular endothelium, extravasate and lodge in the vasculature of a distant organ where secondary metastatic tumors would develop.


Assuntos
Adesivos , Neoplasias , Adesão Celular , Comunicação Celular , Células Endoteliais , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...