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1.
BMJ Open ; 10(10): e035332, 2020 10 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039985

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Early monitoring of plasma human chorionic gonadotropin (ß-hCG) level is vital in predicting pregnancy outcome. This study investigated the predictive value of serum ß-hCG level on the seventh day after frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) for ongoing pregnancy (OP) and adverse pregnancy (AP). DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: The Reproductive and Genetic Center of the Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, China. PARTICIPANTS: 1061 pregnant women who underwent FET between January 2014 and January 2017. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Pregnancy outcome. RESULTS: Serum ß-hCG levels on the seventh day after FET were higher in the single OP group compared with the biochemical pregnancy group (p<0.001). Besides, the serum ß-hCG cut-off level at 4.34 mIU/mL on the seventh day showed high predictive value (area under the curve (AUC)=0.852). Serum ß-hCG levels on the seventh day after FET were higher in the twin OP group compared with the single OP group (p<0.001). Also, the serum ß-hCG cut-off level at 17.95 mIU/mL on the seventh day showed high predictive value (AUC=0.903). Serum ß-hCG levels on the seventh day after FET were lower in the ectopic pregnancy group compared with the single OP group (p<0.001) whereas, serum ß-hCG cut-off level at 4.53 mIU/mL on the seventh day exhibited a high predictive value (AUC=0.860). Further, the serum ß-hCG levels on the seventh day after FET were lower in the single early spontaneous abortion group compared with the single OP group (p<0.001) while the serum ß-hCG cut-off level at 5.34 mIU/mL on the seventh day exhibited high predictive value (AUC=0.738). CONCLUSION: Serum ß-hCG on the seventh day after FET has good clinical significance for the prediction of OP and AP.

2.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 11: 581719, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33071986

RESUMO

In the past decade, the number of frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) has increased dramatically with the expansion of surgical indications and the improvement of freezing related technologies. How to improve the success rate and reduce the adverse effects of FET is our research priorities. This study aimed to investigate the safety and effectiveness of Gushen'antai pills (GSATP) by measuring the ongoing pregnancy rate (OPR) in patients from FET and hormone therapy (HT) cycle. From November 2019 to May 2020, 5 Chinese hospitals conducted a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. In total, 271 HT FET cycles in patients were randomly divided (1:1 ratio) to receive GSATP (6 g, tid) or placebo (6g, tid) for 12 weeks of pregnancy. Patients, clinicians, and researchers were blinded to treatment allocation. The primary endpoint was the OPR at week 12 of pregnancy. The secondary endpoints were vaginal bleeding or brown discharge rate, implantation rate (IR), clinical pregnancy rate (CPR) and abortion rate (AR). Adverse events were recorded during the treatment period. The results showed that the OPR remained higher in the GSATP group when compared to placebo group (56.62% vs. 44.44%, p = 0.045). Vaginal bleeding or brown discharge rate was lower in the GSATP group than the placebo group (10% vs. 23.08%, p = 0.032), while the IR (35.16% vs. 27.64%, p = 0.070), CPR (58.82% vs. 48.15%, p = 0.078), incidence of total adverse events (8.09% vs. 3.22%, p = 0.051) and AR (3.75% vs. 7.69%, p = 0.504) were similar between GSATP and placebo groups. Subgroup analysis showed that there were significant differences in CPR (74.19% vs. 54.17%, p = 0.004) and OPR (72.04% vs. 51.04%, p = 0.003) between GSATP group and Placebo group when the patient was younger than 35 years old. This multi-center, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical study showed for the first evidence that GSATP may have potential to improve the OPR and decrease vaginal bleeding or brown discharge rate in HT FET cycle patients.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33124045

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore how waiting time after failed fresh cycle embryo transfer affects the pregnancy outcomes of the next frozen embryo transfer (FET). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was carried out on the data of women who had received at least one FET after a failed fresh embryo transfer between January 2013 to December 2019. The women were grouped based on the "time" of the first FET, referring to the period between a failed fresh embryo transfer and the beginning of the next cycle of FET. This time is divided into two classes: immediate (<90 days after the failed fresh embryo transfer) and delayed (≥90 days after failed fresh embryo transfer). The following parameters were investigated: clinical pregnancy rate; biochemical pregnancy rate; ectopic pregnancy rate; and non-pregnancy rate. RESULTS: A total of 293 cases of fresh embryo transfer cycles were included. No significant differences in the number of obtained oocytes, total number of FET, and the total amount of gonadotropin were seen between the immediate and delayed fresh embryo transfer groups. The pregnancy outcomes of the two groups were similar. CONCLUSION: The duration of waiting time between failed fresh embryo transfer and the next FET does not affect pregnancy outcomes.

4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e22163, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925779

RESUMO

For frozen embryo transplantation patients who failed to use hormone replacement cycle (HRC) transplantation for 2 consecutive times, the third time of transplantation was divided into 2 groups: HRC and natural cycle (NC), and the pregnancy rate of the 2 groups, especially the clinical pregnancy rate, was compared.Retrospective study of 174 patients in the reproductive medicine center of an affiliated hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine between January 2015 and September 2018.The 174 patients were all infertile with regular menstruation. They had undergone 2 consecutive failed cycles of endometrial preparation with hormone replacement therapy and prepare for the third frozen embryo transplantation.A third cycle of treatment was planned using either NC or HRC for endometrial preparation. All the embryos were obtained during the same oocyte retrieval cycle. Patients were divided into groups based on the method of endometrial preparation: 98 were classified as NC and 76 as HRC.The pregnancy outcomes for the 2 groups were compared. Confounding factors that may affect clinical pregnancy rates were analyzed.We found that on the day of endometrial transformation, estrogen levels and endometrial thickness in the NC group were significantly higher than those in the HRC group. There were no significant differences in the rates of biochemical pregnancy, clinical pregnancy, cumulative pregnancy, miscarriage, multiple pregnancy, ectopic pregnancy, or live birth between the 2 groups. It is concluded by binary regression analysis that the different endometrial preparation protocol have no significant effect on the CPR.NC is as effective as HRC after 2 previous cycles of HRC. Because this was a retrospective study design, selection bias is possible, although the baseline characteristics of the 2 groups of patients were matched.


Assuntos
Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Terapia de Reposição Hormonal/métodos , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Taxa de Gravidez , Adulto , Implantação do Embrião/fisiologia , Endométrio/metabolismo , Estrogênios/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Am J Reprod Immunol ; : e13305, 2020 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32683731

RESUMO

The single nucleotide polymorphism T-1031C has shown to have an important role in the regulation and transcription efficiency of TNF-α gene. Yet, the relationship between TNF-α T-1031C gene polymorphism and the development of endometriosis (EM) still remains unclear. The aim of this meta-analysis was to summarize the effects of TNF-α T-1031C gene polymorphism and clarify their possible association with EM. A comprehensive literature search was performed using PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (up to August 10, 2019). A fixed- or random-effects model was employed according to the heterogeneity among studies. The log odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated in the models of allele comparison (T vs C), homozygote comparison (TT vs CC) and (TC vs CC), dominant (TT vs TC + CC), hyperdominant (TT + CC vs TC), and recessive (TT + TC vs CC) to estimate the strength of the associations. A total of 7 case-control studies were included in this meta-analysis. Overall, significant associations between TNF-α T-1031C and EM were identified from (T vs C: log OR [95% CI] = 0.31 [-0.09, 0.71]; TT + CC vs TC: 0.27 [0.04, 0.50]; TC + CC vs TT: -0.83 [-1.19, -0.47]). On the other hand, no significant correlation was found in other gene models (TT vs TC: log OR [95% CI] = 0.89 [0.64, 1.13]; TT vs CC: 0.3 [-0.74, 1.36]; TT + TC vs CC: 0.17 [-0.81, 1.15]). In subgroup analyses by ethnicity or HWE P-value, there was a statistically significant association between TNF-α T-1031C polymorphisms and EM in the dominant model (TT vs TC + CC: log OR [95%] = -0.84 [-1.60, -0.09]) for the European population, and in hyperdominant model (TT + CC vs TC: log OR [95%] = 0.24 [0.001, 0.49]) for Asian population. To sum up, this meta-analysis showed that TNF-α T-1031C polymorphism was associated with EM susceptibility and has a protective effect in Asian and European populations.

6.
Trials ; 21(1): 550, 2020 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32560734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Approximately 15% of couples in the reproductive age are affected by infertility. Women with diminished ovarian reserves (DOR) or with a poor ovarian response (POR) are required to undergo in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) to achieve pregnancy. However, studies indicate that poor response to gonadotropin stimulation has been reported in women undergoing IVF-ET. Results from two recent clinical studies in China suggest that traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula Dingkun pill (DKP) showed a curative effect by improving the clinical pregnancy rate in women with DOR and POR. However, the heterogeneity of the studies does not allow one to draw a definitive conclusion on the therapeutic effect of DKP. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of DKP on improving the clinical outcome of pregnancy of IVF-ET in women with low prognosis. METHODS: A multicenter, double-blinded, randomized placebo-controlled trial was conducted. A total of 460 infertile patients undergoing IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) were recruited from 12 public hospitals in China. Participants were randomly divided into the experimental group (DKP formula) or the placebo group (control) at a ratio of 1:1. All patients were treated with GnRH antagonist protocol and ovarian stimulation performed for 5 weeks (from the 5th day of the previous menstrual cycle to the day of oocyte retrieval). The patients were followed up for 6 months to record their conception outcome. The primary outcome is to compare the pregnancy outcome to those under placebo treatment. Secondary outcomes included the total count of the retrieved oocyte, embryo quality, endometrial thickness on ET day, implantation rate, and early miscarriage rate. DISCUSSION: Currently, no multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials have been performed on the use of the DKP formula to improve on the clinical outcome of the conception of IVF-ET in women with low prognosis. DKP might provide a good clinical solution for females with low prognosis and undergoing IVF. There is no contemporary Western medicine to improve on the clinical outcome of conception in IVF-ET in women with low prognosis. Therefore, it is important to undertake a well-designed randomized trial to determine the effect of DKP in improving the clinical outcome of the conception of IVF-ET in women with low prognosis. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR). TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR1900026614. Registered on 16 October 2019.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(20): e20199, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32443342

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Resistance ovary syndrome (ROS) is a disease characterized by hypergonadotropic amenorrhea but with normal ovarian reserve. Currently, its pathogenesis is still unclear and the treatment methods are complex. Nevertheless, there are evident negative effects of this disease on females' physical and mental health such as gonadal dysplasia, infertility, anxiety, and depression. This article reports a case of successful ovulation induction and pregnancy with letrozole combined with HMG. This can provide clinical treatment guidelines for the disease. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient underwent several hormone replacement cycles and ovulation induction cycles. But the dominant follicles were not extracted even after using large doses of gonadotropin. DIAGNOSIS: Resistant ovary syndrome; Primary infertility INTERVENTIONS:: Larger doses of letrozole combined with HMG were injected to stimulate ovulation and sensitize the ovaries during menstruation. This helped to examine the peripheral effects of letrozole in relation to gonadotropin. OUTCOMES: The patient displayed a dominant follicular growth and notable ovulation which resulted in a full-term pregnancy and successful delivery. CONCLUSIONS: The resistance ovary syndrome (ROS) can be treated and the findings from this case provides a possible treatment for ROS patients with infertility.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Aromatase/uso terapêutico , Letrozol/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Inibidores da Aromatase/administração & dosagem , Quimioterapia Combinada/métodos , Feminino , Gonadotropinas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/diagnóstico , Infertilidade Feminina/tratamento farmacológico , Injeções Intramusculares/métodos , Letrozol/administração & dosagem , Nascimento Vivo , Ovulação/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovulação/fisiologia , Indução da Ovulação/métodos , Gravidez , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Reprod Biol Endocrinol ; 18(1): 42, 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32398082

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Follicular fluid is an important external environment for the growth and development of oocytes. A thorough identification of specific components in follicular fluid can better the existing understand of intracellular signal transduction and reveal potential biomarkers of oocyte health in women undergoing assisted reproductive therapy. To study on follicular fluid metabolomics components at different ages based on lipid metabolism, we have adopted a new method of SWATH to MRM(the sequential window acquisition of all theoretical fragment-ion spectra to multiple reaction monitor)metabolomics to provide extensive coverage and excellent quantitative data. This was done to investigate the differences in follicular fluid of patients undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer in different age groups and to further explore the relationship between follicular fluid, age and reproductive function. METHOD: A combination of Ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography and high resolution mass spectrometry techniques were used to analyze the follicular fluid of 230 patients enrolled for the IVF cycle. The patients were of different ages grouped into two groups:the younger and older patients.The obtained multidimensional chromatographic data were processed by principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA). The charge ratios and mass numbers enabled for the identification of different fragments in the samples. Matching information obtained through database search and the fragment information obtained by fragment ion scan structurally identified substances in the samples. This was used to determine the differential compounds. RESULTS: The quality of oocytes decline with age,and the lipid composition in follicular fluid also changes,The lipid metabolism that changes with age may be related to the quality of oocytes.The main differences were in lipid metabolites. Some were up-regulated: Arachidonate, LysoPC(16:1), LysoPC(20:4) and LysoPC(20:3) while others were down-regulated: LysoPC(18:3) and LysoPC(18:1). CONCLUSIONS: Metabolomic analysis of follicular fluid revealed that with the increase in age, several differential metabolites are at play. Among these metabolites, lipid metabolism undergoes significant changes that affect the development of oocytes thus causing reduced fertility in older women. These differential metabolites related to follicular development may provide possible detection and treatment targets for promoting oocyte health, and provide scientific basis for understanding the environment of oocyte development.

9.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 5968, 2020 04 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32249791

RESUMO

Obesity exerts negative effects on the metabolic homeostasis of cells in various tissues, but how it influences ovum metabolism is not fully understood. Previous studies demonstrate that oocyte genes that regulate oxidative stress, lipid metabolism, and inflammation are highly expressed in obese women. However, the metabolic effects of these genetic variations are not clear. To address this gap, we conducted an exploratory evaluation of follicular fluid (FF) metabolites in underweight, normal-weight, overweight, and obese women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment. The FF samples from the underweight (Group A, n = 40), normal-weight (Group B, n = 40), overweight (Group C, n = 40), and obese women (Group D, n = 40) were analyzed using ultra-performance liquid chromatography high-resolution mass spectrometry. A novel, high-coverage, semi-targeted metabolomics method (SWATH to MRM) and a targeted metabolomics method were employed to identify and verify the differential metabolites between the four groups. Sixteen differentially expressed FF metabolites were identified. Increase of BMI was associated with upregulation of 5 metabolites, ganoderiol H, LPI (18:3), sedoheptulose 1,7-bisphosphate, austalide L and 2 - {[hydroxyl (3-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenylmethylidene] amino} acetic acid, and downregulation of 5 metabolites, 1-phenyl-1,3-elcosanedione, retinol acetate, p-Cresol sulfate, setariol and arachidonyl carnitine. These metabolites were enriched in different metabolic pathways of retinol metabolism and fatty acid metabolism. These obesity-related differential metabolites provide a pathogenesis mechanism that explains the decline of oocyte development during obesity. These results suggest that obesity affects follicular environment prior to pregnancy, a time-window that may be important for lifestyle interventions to decrease obesity levels.


Assuntos
Fertilização In Vitro , Líquido Folicular/metabolismo , Infertilidade Feminina/metabolismo , Metabolômica , Obesidade/metabolismo , Adulto , Cromatografia Líquida , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/complicações , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/fisiologia , Espectrometria de Massas , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/fisiologia , Obesidade/complicações , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18489, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895782

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In a multitude of previous studies, Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) plays an important role in the occurrence of ectopic pregnancy (EP). However, the predictive value of CT infections in the occurrence of EP has not been estimated worldwide. We thus evaluated, by means of a meta-analysis, the current status of the association between CT infections with EP and the potential predictive value of CT infections in EP. METHODS: We evaluated studies performed between the database construction time and August 2018 published in PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and the Web of Science (SCI). The relationship between CT and EP was calculated based upon the predetermined entry criteria for control group selection and the original data. The related articles were analyzed using a random-effects model, and the heterogeneity of the studies was assessed using the I index. Data were analyzed with the STATA 12.0 software. RESULTS: Twenty-five studies that recruited 11960 patients were included in the present meta-analysis, and the relation of CT infections with EP were assessed. The association between CT infections and EP risk showed an odds ratio (OR) of 3.03, with a 95% confidence interval (CI) of 2.37 to 3.89. Our results showed that there was a statistically significant difference between the intervention and control groups. The prevalence of CT infections in EP was then calculated by a subgroup analysis: African (OR, 2.22; 95% CI, 1.14-4.31), European (OR, 3.16; 95% CI, 2.10-4.47), North American (OR, 3.07; 95% CI, 1.78-5.31), and Asian (OR, 3.39; 95% CI, 1.95-5.90). CONCLUSIONS: From the results of numerous studies conducted on different continents, this meta-analysis showed a clear association between EP and prior CT infections, that is, CT infections increase the risk of EP occurrence.


Assuntos
Infecções por Chlamydia/epidemiologia , Gravidez Ectópica/epidemiologia , Adulto , Chlamydia trachomatis , Feminino , Humanos , Razão de Chances , Gravidez , Gravidez Ectópica/etiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
11.
J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod ; : 101661, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31809957

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to explore the outcomes of using the progestin-primed ovarian stimulation (PPOS) protocol in aged infertile women. The patients recruited in the study had displayed a poor ovarian response (POR) in the first IVF/ICSI-ET cycles with the ultra-short gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) protocols. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A self-controlled retrospective study was conducted to investigate the clinical outcomes of 117 aged infertile women who met the inclusion criteria. The patients were grouped into two; group B included patients who had displayed a poor ovarian response (POR) in the first IVF/ICSI-ET cycle with the ultra-short GnRH-a protocol. Group A was made up of patients who underwent the PPOS protocol in the second cycle. The study was done between January 2015 to May 2018 in the reproductive and genetic centre of integrated traditional and western medicine, Affiliated hospital of Shandong University of traditional Chinese medicine. Reproduction-related clinical outcomes in the two groups were compared. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in the serum levels of LH, E2, and P on the trigger day between group A and group B (P>0.05). The number of follicles with a diameter > 14 mm was significantly higher in the PPOS protocol patients than in the ultra-short GnRH-a protocol group (4.83 ± 2.82 vs. 3.25 ± 2.53, P < 0.01). The duration and total dosage of gonadotropin of the PPOS protocol group were less than in the previous ultra-short GnRH-a protocol, although the statistical differences were not significant (P > 0.05). The number of eggs obtained in the PPOS group was significantly higher than that of the previous one (4.29 ± 3.11 vs. 2.76 ± 2.33, P < 0.05). The numbers of MII eggs, cleavage, 2 P N, transplantable embryos, and high quality embryos were higher in the PPOS protocol group than that in the ultra-short protocol group. However, the differences between the two groups in all the above parameters were not statistically significant (P > 0.05). The rate of high-quality embryos was significantly higher in the PPOS protocol group than in the ultra-short protocol group (38.61(100/259) vs. 32.02(65/203), P < 0.05). Although not statistically significant (P > 0.05), the abortion rate of the PPOS protocol group was higher than that of the ultra-short protocol group. The clinical pregnancy and live birth rates were significantly higher in the PPOS protocol group than in the ultra-short protocol group (p < 0.05). The clinical pregnancy rates in the PPOS protocol group and the ultra-short protocol group were 32.35 % and 25.53 % respectively while the live birth rates were 27.45 % and 21.28 % respectively. CONCLUSION: Compared with the ultra-short protocol, the PPOS protocol improves the number of follicles, the number of eggs, clinical pregnancy, and live birth rates in POR patients. The PPOS protocol could, therefore, provide a novel treatment strategy for inducing ovulation in POR patients.

12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17329, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568019

RESUMO

Thus far, all clinical trials evaluating the efficacy of embryo transfer strategies have selectively delayed the first frozen embryo transfer (FET) by at least 1 menstrual cycle. Nevertheless, this approach, which is based solely on clinical experience, may create unnecessary psychological stress on infertile patients who are anxious to conceive as soon as possible. This study aimed to investigate whether the time interval between oocyte retrieval and subsequent FET affects reproductive outcomes.We implemented a large retrospective cohort study in a single assisted reproductive technology (ART) unit at a university-based hospital, including 1540 autologous FET cycles performed in freeze-all cycles. The beginning of the FET was classified as either 'cycle 1' (performing FET within the first menstrual cycle) or 'cycle ≥2' (performing FET after one or more menstrual cycles). Live birth rate (LBR) was the primary outcome of our study.The mean interval for 'cycle 1' and 'cycle ≥2' FETs was 25.72 ±â€Š5.10 days and 75.33 ±â€Š24.85 days, respectively (P < .001). The type of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) and endometrial preparation protocols differed significantly between groups (P = .008 and P = .004, respectively). However, FET groups were similar in many ways. Univariate analysis showed that there was no significant difference in LBR between the different cycles (33.1% after 'cycle 1' FET vs 34.2% after 'cycle ≥2' FET, P = .68). To evaluate whether LBR remained unchanged after adjustment for potential confounders, we performed multivariate logistic regression. FET timing had no significant impact on LBR in the first FET (odds ratio [OR]: 1.06, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.80-1.39).In accordance with the present study, it might not be necessary for clinicians to wait more than 1 menstrual cycle before performing FET. This allows us to reduce otiose deferment in FET, without adversely affecting reproductive outcomes.


Assuntos
Fase de Clivagem do Zigoto , Criopreservação , Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Ciclo Menstrual , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Libyan J Med ; 14(1): 1652058, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405338

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of the duration of gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) use on the outcome of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) during the short-acting long-term hyperstimulation cycle. Methodology: Clinical data from 776 patients receiving controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) after short-term regimen downregulation were retrospectively analyzed. According to the duration of GnRH-a, the patients were divided into 3 groups: Group A, 14 days for GnRH-a; Group B, 15-17 days for GnRH-a; and Group C, >18 days for GnRH-a. The clinical data, treatment and clinical outcomes were compared among the groups. Results: There were no significant differences in fertilization rate, implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate, abortion rate, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) rate(P > 0.05). The total costs in group A were significantly less than those in group B and C(P < 0.001). The number of eggs and quality embryos generated in group A was significantly higher than that in groups B and C (P = 0.014, P = 0.005). Conclusions: In the short-acting GnRH agonist long protocol, satisfactory IVF-ET pregnancy outcome was obtained with the use of GnRH-a for 14 days under the premise of lowering the receptor-regulating standard. Excessive application of GnRH-a will affect the number of eggs and embryos and increase the cost of medical treatment.


Assuntos
Transferência Embrionária/estatística & dados numéricos , Fertilização In Vitro/efeitos dos fármacos , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/agonistas , Indução da Ovulação/métodos , Aborto Induzido/estatística & dados numéricos , Aborto Induzido/tendências , Adulto , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro/estatística & dados numéricos , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/economia , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/farmacologia , Humanos , Síndrome de Hiperestimulação Ovariana/induzido quimicamente , Síndrome de Hiperestimulação Ovariana/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez/tendências , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Mol Cell Endocrinol ; 498: 110548, 2019 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434001

RESUMO

Connexin 43 (Cx43)-coupled gap junctions in granulosa cells play an important role in follicular development, oocyte maturation, and corpus luteum maintenance. Bone morphogenetic protein 6 (BMP6) is highly expressed in human oocytes and granulosa cells and is involved in the regulation of female reproduction. Currently, whether oocyte- and granulosa cell-derived BMP6 affects the expression of Cx43 and its related gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) activity in human granulosa cells remains unknown. In this study, we demonstrate that BMP6 treatment significantly suppressed the expression of Cx43 in both primary and immortalized (SVOG) human granulosa-lutein cells. Using both pharmacological inhibitors and small interfering RNA-mediated knockdown approaches, we demonstrate that ALK2 and ALK3 BMP type I receptors are involved in BMP6-induced suppressive effects on Cx43 expression and GJIC activity in SVOG cells. Furthermore, these cellular activities are most likely mediated by the SMAD1/SMAD5-SMAD4-dependent signaling pathway. Notably, the ChIP analyses demonstrated that phosphorylated SMADs could bind to human Cx43 promoter. Our findings provide new insight into the molecular mechanisms by which an intrafollicular growth factor regulates cell-cell communication in human granulosa cells.

16.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 10873, 2019 07 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31350457

RESUMO

The complexity of follicular fluid metabolome presents a significant challenge for qualitative and quantitative metabolite profiling, and for discovering the comprehensive biomarkers. In order to address this challenge, a novel SWATHtoMRM metabolomics method was used for providing broad coverage and excellent quantitative capability to discover the human follicular fluid metabolites related to recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) after in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer, and to evaluate their relationship with pregnancy outcome. The follicular fluid samples from the spontaneous abortion group (n = 22) and the control group (n = 22) were analyzed using ultra-performance liquid chromatography high-resolution mass spectrometry. A novel, high-coverage, targeted metabolomics method (SWATH to MRM) and a targeted metabolomics method were used to find and validate the differential metabolites between the two groups. A total of 18 follicular fluid metabolites, including amino acids, cholesterol, vitamins, fatty acids, cholic acid, lysophosphatidylcholine and other metabolites, were identified. In the RSA group, 8 metabolites, namely dehydroepiandrosterone, lysoPC(16:0), lysoPC(18:2), lysoPC(18:1), lysoPC(18:0), lysoPC(20:5), lysoPC(20:4), and lysoPC(20:3), were up-regulated, and 10 metabolites, namely phenylalanine, linoleate, oleic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, lithocholic acid, 25-hydroxyvitamin D3, hydroxycholesterol, 13-hydroxy-alpha-tocopherol, leucine, and tryptophan, were down-regulated. These differential metabolites related to RSA may provide a possible diagnostic basis and therapeutic target for RSA, as well as a scientific basis for elucidating the mechanism of RSA.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(27): e16213, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277129

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The borderline form of empty follicle syndrome (EFS) is a phenomenon where only a few mature or immature oocytes are retrieved despite adequate response to controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH). It is a rare phenomenon with an unclear underlying mechanism, and there is currently no effective treatment. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient received 3 assisted reproductive technology cycles, and although her follicular development and estrogen levels were normal during COH, the outcome with respect to the oocytes obtained was unsatisfactory. DIAGNOSES: Borderline form of EFS. INTERVENTIONS: In the context of undergoing GnRH-antagonist protocol, we implemented a double-trigger with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) after 6 hours of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) administration. OUTCOMES: Eleven oocytes were obtained (M I × 3, M II × 8), which underwent in vitro fertilization (IVF). After 18 hours, 7 oocytes showed normal fertilization, with 2 embryos formed 72 hours later (embryo rating, 6C II × 1, 9C II × 1); the embryos were then frozen. LESSONS: Oocyte maturation and ovulation are time-dependent processes, and that different patients require different lengths/intervals of time for treatment. Therefore, the borderline form of EFS, in general, may be treatable, and our novel trigger method provides a new treatment option for such patients in the future.


Assuntos
Gonadotropina Coriônica/farmacologia , Fármacos para a Fertilidade Feminina/farmacologia , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/agonistas , Síndrome de Hiperestimulação Ovariana/terapia , Indução da Ovulação/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Humanos , Recuperação de Oócitos , Gravidez , Substâncias para o Controle da Reprodução/farmacologia
18.
Chin J Integr Med ; 25(4): 252-258, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236889

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on reproductive outcomes in women with Shen (Kidndy) deficiency syndrome after in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET), and explore the underlying molecular mechanism. METHODS: Sixty-six infertile patients with Shen deficiency syndrome undergoing IVF-ET were divided into EA or control groups according to a random table, 33 cases in each group. Before undergoing IVF, patients in the EA and control groups received EA therapy and placebo needle puncture, respectively, for 3 menstrual cycles. Shen deficiency syndrome scores were assessed. Other outcome measures included the number of retrieved oocytes and fertilization, high-quality embryo and clinical pregnancy rates. Follicular fluid was collected on the day of oocyte retrieval, and granulosa cell expression of phosphatidylinositide 3-kinases (PI3K), serine-threonine kinase (Akt) and forkhead box O3 (Foxo3a) mRNA were measured by reverse transcribed and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Syndrome scores for pre- versus post-treatments decreased significantly (16.53±1.75 to 8.67±1.61) in the EA group (P<0.05), but showed no significant change in the control group (17.18±1.58 to 14.74±1.58). A significant difference in score change was found between the EA and control groups (P<0.05). High-quality embryo and clinical pregnancy rates were both increased in the EA group compared with the control group [69.15% (195/282) vs. 60.27% (176/292) and 66.67% (22/33) vs. 42.42% (14/33), respectively, P<0.05]. The fertilization rate was equivalent in EA and control groups. No difference was found in the number of retrieved oocytes between the two groups. Granulosa cell expression levels of PI3K and Akt mRNA were significantly increased in the EA group compared with the control group, while the expression of Foxo3a was reduced (all P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: For infertile patients with Shen deficiency syndrome undergoing IVF, EA for tonifying Shen as an adjunct treatment may alleviate clinical symptoms and improve the high-quality embryo rate. The EA-induced mechanism may involve regulation of PI3K/Akt/Foxo3a expression in granulosa cells to improve the developmental microenvironment of oocytes and inhibit granulosa cell apoptosis, possibly contributing to the improved clinical pregnancy rate (Registration No. ChiCTR 1800016217).


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Transferência Embrionária , Fertilização In Vitro , Proteína Forkhead Box O3/metabolismo , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Rim/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Adulto , Feminino , Proteína Forkhead Box O3/genética , Humanos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Síndrome
19.
Reprod Biol Endocrinol ; 17(1): 45, 2019 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31186025

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex disorder associated with multiple metabolic disturbance, including defective glucose metabolism and insulin resistance. The altered metabolites caused by the related metabolic disturbance may affect ovarian follicles, which can be reflected in follicular fluid composition. The aim of this study is to investigate follicular fluid metabolic profiles in women with PCOS using an advanced sequential window acquisition of all theoretical fragment-ion spectra (SWATH) mass spectrometry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen women with PCOS and twenty-one healthy controls undergoing IVF/ET were recruited, and their follicular fluid samples were collected for metabolomic study. Follicular fluid metabolic profiles, including steroid hormones, free fatty acids, bioactive lipids, and amino acids were analyzed using the principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares to latent structure-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) model. RESULTS: Levels of free fatty acids, 3-hydroxynonanoyl carnitine and eicosapentaenoic acid were significantly increased (P < 0.05), whereas those of bioactive lipids, lysophosphatidylcholines (LysoPC) (16:0), phytosphingosine, LysoPC (14:0) and LysoPC (18:0) were significantly decreased in women with PCOS (P < 0.05). Additionally, levels of steroid hormone deoxycorticosterone and two amino acids, phenylalanine and leucine were higher in the PCOS patients (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Women with PCOS display unique metabolic profiles in their follicular fluid, and this data may provide us with important biochemical information and metabolic signatures that enable a better understanding of the pathogenesis of PCOS.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/análise , Líquido Folicular/química , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Metabolômica/métodos , Folículo Ovariano/química , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/diagnóstico , Adulto , Aminoácidos/análise , Ácidos Graxos não Esterificados/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Lipídeos/análise , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/metabolismo , Análise de Componente Principal
20.
Libyan J Med ; 14(1): 1597327, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30935302

RESUMO

Many undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) procedures treatments have been tried for older infertile patients, but still can not reverse the aging effect on oocyte, and infertility treatment is expensive, even for people in developed countries. The study aimed to compare outcomes following the application of luteal phase ovulation induction (LPOI) and ultra-short gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) protocols in patients aged more than 40 years undergoing IVF-ET and to examine the effectiveness and feasibility of LPOI. A total of 266 IVF-ET cycles in 155 patients aged 40 years and over were retrospectively analyzed. Of these patients, 105 underwent the ultra-short GnRH-a protocol (GnRH-a group) and 50 underwent LPOI (LPOI group). Various clinical outcomes were compared between these two groups using either t-tests or the chi-square test. The study showed patients in the LPOI group required a higher dosage of human menopausal gonadotropin and a lower dosage of recombinant follicle stimulating hormone than those in the GnRH-a group. Furthermore, though the total dosage of gonadotropin was higher in the LPOI, its cost was lower. Finally, fertilization rates were higher and high-quality embryo rates were lower in the LPOI group, and the live birth rate of LPOI group is higher than (GnRH-a group) . These between-group differences were all significant (P < 0.05). Compared with the ultra-short GnRH-a protocol, LPOI may enable higher 2-pronuclear embryo fertilization rates and lower gonadotropin costs to be achieved, indicating that LPOI might be an ideal choice for older patients undergoing IVF-ET.


Assuntos
Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Fertilização In Vitro , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/agonistas , Fase Luteal/fisiologia , Indução da Ovulação/métodos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Feminino , Humanos , Idade Materna , Estudos Retrospectivos
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