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1.
Int Heart J ; 61(1): 138-144, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875620

RESUMO

Exercise preconditioning may protect against cardiac injury induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), but the mechanism is unresolved. The aim of this study is to explore whether the general control nonderepressible 2 (GCN2) kinase gene is associated with the protective effect of exercise preconditioning. Eight-week-old male C57BL/6J (n = 40) and GCN2 knockout (KO) (n = 40) mice were divided into four groups: control, LPS (L), exercise preconditioning (E), and exercise preconditioning LPS (EL). Mice in the exercise groups performed exercise for eight weeks. After exercise, all mice were given an equal volume of LPS or saline (10 µg/g). We measured the cardiac function using echocardiography and then collected heart tissue. Exercise preconditioning improved cardiac inflammation (interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor α) and cardiac dysfunction (ejection fraction, fraction shortening) in C57 mice induced by LPS and also decreased the expression levels of GCN2, phosphorylation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α (p-eIF2α), and activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4). Moreover, GCN2 KO decreased inflammation and cardiac dysfunction induced by LPS in sedentary mice. The inflammation and cardiac dysfunction in the GCN2 KO EL group were lower than in the C57 EL group, and the expression of GCN2, p-eIF2α, and ATF4 in the GCN2 KO EL group was lower than in the C57 EL group. Exercise preconditioning alleviated cardiac injury induced by LPS. GCN2 KO also improved cardiac injury. Exercise preconditioning promoted the effect of GCN2 KO in alleviating cardiac injury, and the GCN2 and eIF2α/ATF4 pathways play an important role in the process.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Cardíacos/prevenção & controle , Lipopolissacarídeos/efeitos adversos , Condicionamento Físico Animal/métodos , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Fator 4 Ativador da Transcrição/metabolismo , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ecocardiografia , Fator de Iniciação 2 em Eucariotos/metabolismo , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Traumatismos Cardíacos/induzido quimicamente , Traumatismos Cardíacos/diagnóstico , Traumatismos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fosforilação , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo
2.
Brain Behav ; 9(9): e01370, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359627

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acupuncture at Zusanli (ST36) is often used to facilitate motor recovery after stroke. However, the effect of acupuncture at ST36 on motor cortical excitation and inhibition remains unclear. This study aimed to explore the effect of acupuncture at ST36 on motor cortical excitation and inhibition. METHODS: Twenty healthy volunteers were recruited to receive acupuncture treatment. We selected the acupoint ST36 and its respective sham point as the experimental acupoint. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was used to measure motor-evoked potentials (MEP) at 7 time points-before acupuncture (Pre), acupuncture (T0), 4 and 8 min after acupuncture (T4; T8), needle removal (T12), 4 and 8 min after needle removal (T16; T20). Simultaneously, paired TMS (pTMS) was employed to measure short- and long-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI [short latency intracortical inhibition]; LICI [long latency intracortical inhibition]), respectively, at three time points-before acupuncture (Pre), acupuncture (T0), needle removal (T12). After removing the acupuncture needle, all subjects were asked to quantify their Deqi sensation using a Gas table. RESULTS: The average Deqi sensation score of all subjects during acupuncture at ST36 was higher than that observed at the sham point. With acupuncture at ST36, the MEP amplitude was higher at three time points (T0, T4, T8) than at Pre, although the MEP amplitude tended toward Pre after needle removal. The MEP amplitude was also higher at the same time points (T0, T4, T8) than at the sham point. Furthermore, the Deqi sensation score was correlated with MEP amplitude. With acupuncture at ST36, SICI and LICI at T0 were higher than those at Pre, and SICI and LICI at T0 were higher than those at the sham point. CONCLUSION: Acupuncture at ST36 increased motor cortical excitation and had an effect on the remaining needle phase. Deqi sensation was correlated with MEP amplitude. Acupuncture at ST36 also decreased motor cortical inhibition.

3.
J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) ; 65(6): 491-497, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902862

RESUMO

Exercise can improve obesity and metabolic disorders in mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD), but the role of AMPKα2 in the process remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of AMPKα2 in the exercise-induced improvements in glucose tolerance and metabolic turnover in obesity mice. Male wild-type mice (n=12) and AMPKα2 knockout (AMPKα2 KO) mice (n=12) were fed a HFD for 16 wk and were then randomly divided into four groups: WT HFD group (WT HF), AMPKα2 KO HFD group (AMPKα2 KO HF), WT HFD exercise group (WT HE), and AMPK HFD exercise group (AMPKα2 KO HE). The HF groups continue to be fed a HFD from 16 wk to 24 wk, and the HE groups were fed a HFD and performed exercise training. After 8 wk of exercise, all mice were placed in an energy metabolism chamber to test their metabolic turnover, include locomotor activity, food intake, oxygen consumption (VO2), carbon dioxide production (VCO2), energy expenditure (EE) and respiratory exchange ratio (RER), over a period of 3 d. Exercise improved glucose tolerance, VO2, VCO2 and EE in mice fed a HFD (p<0.05). The VO2, VCO2 and EE in AMPKα2 KO HE group were lower than these in WT HE group (p<0.05). Our findings revealed exercise improved glucose tolerance and metabolic disorders in C57 and AMPKα2 KO mice fed a HFD. AMPKα2 is not essential for exercise-induced improvements in glucose tolerance and metabolic disorders.

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