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Phys Rev Lett ; 126(21): 217202, 2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114835


CeIrSn with a quasikagome Ce lattice in the hexagonal basal plane is a strongly valence fluctuating compound, as we confirm by hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and inelastic neutron scattering, with a high Kondo temperature of T_{K}∼480 K. We report a negative in-plane thermal expansion α/T below 2 K, which passes through a broad minimum near 0.75 K. Volume and a-axis magnetostriction for B∥a are markedly negative at low fields and change sign before a sharp metamagnetic anomaly at 6 T. These behaviors are unexpected for Ce-based intermediate valence systems, which should feature positive expansivity. Rather they point towards antiferromagnetic correlations at very low temperatures. This is supported by muon spin relaxation measurements down to 0.1 K, which provide microscopic evidence for a broad distribution of internal magnetic fields. Comparison with isostructural CeRhSn suggests that these antiferromagnetic correlations emerging at T≪T_{K} result from geometrical frustration.

J Phys Condens Matter ; 33(6): 06LT01, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33325375


Resonant inelastic x-ray spectroscopy at the uranium N4 absorption edge at 778 eV has been used to reveal the excitations in UO2 up to 1 eV. The earlier (1989) studies by neutron inelastic scattering of the crystal-field states within the 3H4 multiplet are confirmed. In addition, the first excited state of the 3F2 multiplet at ∼520 meV has been established, and there is a weak signal corresponding to the next excited state at ∼920 meV. This represents a successful application of soft x-ray spectroscopy to an actinide sample, and resolves an open question in UO2 that has been discussed for 50 years. The technique is described and important caveats are drawn about possible future applications.

Phys Rev Lett ; 120(1): 016402, 2018 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29350947


We investigated the crystal-electric field ground state of the 4f manifold in the strongly correlated topological insulator SmB_{6} using core-level nonresonant inelastic x-ray scattering. The directional dependence of the scattering function that arises from higher multipole transitions establishes unambiguously that the Γ_{8} quartet state of the Sm f^{5} J=5/2 configuration governs the ground-state symmetry and, hence, the topological properties of SmB_{6}. Our findings contradict the results of density functional calculations reported so far.