Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 161
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Hypertens ; 38(1): 21-29, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790375

RESUMO

: The Lancet Commission on Hypertension identified that a key action to address the worldwide burden of high blood pressure (BP) was to improve the quality of BP measurements by using BP devices that have been validated for accuracy. Currently, there are over 3000 commercially available BP devices, but many do not have published data on accuracy testing according to established scientific standards. This problem is enabled through weak or absent regulations that allow clearance of devices for commercial use without formal validation. In addition, new BP technologies have emerged (e.g. cuffless sensors) for which there is no scientific consensus regarding BP measurement accuracy standards. Altogether, these issues contribute to the widespread availability of clinic and home BP devices with limited or uncertain accuracy, leading to inappropriate hypertension diagnosis, management and drug treatment on a global scale. The most significant problems relating to the accuracy of BP devices can be resolved by the regulatory requirement for mandatory independent validation of BP devices according to the universally-accepted International Organisation for Standardization Standard. This is a primary recommendation for which there is an urgent international need. Other key recommendations are development of validation standards specifically for new BP technologies and online lists of accurate devices that are accessible to consumers and health professionals. Recommendations are aligned with WHO policies on medical devices and universal healthcare. Adherence to recommendations would increase the global availability of accurate BP devices and result in better diagnosis and treatment of hypertension, thus decreasing the worldwide burden from high BP.

2.
J Hypertens ; 37(12): 2490-2497, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373922

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify associations between the smoothness index of central SBP (CSBP) and changes of ambulatory carotid femoral pulse wave velocity in response to 20-week treatments with losartan and amlodipine vs. losartan and hydrochlorthiazide combinations. METHODS: For 142 (losartan and hydrochlorthiazide: 72, losartan and hydrochlorthiazide: 70) patients examined with ambulatory central blood pressure (BP) monitoring device, we calculated smoothness indices and trough-to-peak ratios of brachial SBP, CSBP, ambulatory pulse pressure amplification (APPA), ambulatory augmentation index at heart rate 75 beats per minute (AAIx75) and ambulatory carotid femoral pulse wave velocity (AcfPWV). RESULTS: Mean age was 58.9 ±â€Š12.3 years, and women accounted for 25.9%. Changes in office SBP/DBP were not different between groups (losartan and hydrochlorthiazide: -15.2 ±â€Š15.0/-7.8 ±â€Š8.0 vs. losartan and amlodipine: -14.9 ±â€Š13.7/-9.2 ±â€Š7.5 mmHg). Reduction of 24-h CSBP was not significantly different (losartan and hydrochlorthiazide: 6.4 ±â€Š1.1 vs. losartan and amlodipine: 9.2 ±â€Š1.1 mmHg, P = 0.074). Reduction in nocturnal AcfPWV was greater in the losartan and amlodipine group (losartan and hydrochlorthiazide: 0.09 ±â€Š0.05 vs. losartan and amlodipine: 0.26 ±â€Š0.05 m/s, P = 0.0216). Intraindividual SIs for CSBP were higher in the losartan and amlodipine group (0.40 ±â€Š0.57 vs. 0.65 ±â€Š0.74, P = 0.022). In multivariable regression analysis, smoothness index of CSBP was independently associated with the losartan and amlodipine group. In model additionally considering the changes in arterial stiffness, decrease in AcfPWV instead of the treatment group was independently associated with smoothness indices. In mediation analysis, smoothness index was fully mediated by reduction in night-time AcfPWV. CONCLUSION: Losartan and amlodipine combination was superior to the losartan and hydrochlorthiazide combination in terms of achieving higher smoothness index for CSBP after 20-week treatments. The effect of losartan and amlodipine on smoothness index was fully mediated by reduction of night-time AcfPWV.

3.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(16): e013019, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412746

RESUMO

Background Arterial stiffness predicts both cardiovascular events and incident hypertension. However, whether brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) is predictive of incident hypertension based on the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) High Blood Pressure Guidelines has not been established. We performed a large cohort study to investigate whether incident hypertension could be predicted from baPWV measurements as a measure of arterial stiffness, even when applying updated hypertension criteria. Methods and Results A total of 10 360 Korean adults who underwent baPWV examination during a health-screening program between 2010 and 2016 were enrolled. Hypertension was defined according to the 2017 ACC/AHA Guidelines as 130/80 mm Hg. Cox proportional hazard analysis was used to assess the risk of incident hypertension according to baPWV quartiles. The mean age of the study subjects was 40.2 years and 75.6% were men. During the follow-up period (median 2.17 years), 2000 subjects (19.3%) developed hypertension. The subjects in the highest baPWV quartile group showed an increased risk of hypertension compared with the lowest baPWV quartile group as confirmed by multivariate adjusted hazard ratios of 1.64 (95% CI 1.41-1.89; P<0.001) in men and 12.36 (95% CI 4.41-34.62; P=0.005) in women. The increased risk of developing hypertension was consistent after adjusting for several confounding factors. Conclusions Arterial stiffness measured by baPWV is associated with incident hypertension according to the updated 2017 ACC/AHA Guidelines and is a useful independent predictor of incident hypertension among relatively healthy people.

4.
Trials ; 20(1): 389, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262348

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, even in the elderly. Fimasartan is a new non-peptide angiotensin II receptor blocker with a selective type I receptor blocking effect. The objective of this study is to confirm the safety and the non-inferiority of the blood pressure-lowering effect of fimasartan compared with those of perindopril, which has been proven safe and effective in elderly patients with hypertension. METHODS: This is a randomized, double-blind, active-controlled, two-parallel group, optional-titration, multicenter, phase 3 study comparing the efficacy and safety of fimasartan and perindopril arginine. The study population consists of individuals 70 years old or older with essential hypertension. The primary outcome will be a change in sitting systolic blood pressure from baseline after the administration of the investigational product for 8 weeks. The secondary outcomes will be a change in sitting diastolic blood pressure from baseline and changes in sitting systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure from baseline after the administration of the investigational product for 4, 16, and 24 weeks. The sample size will be 119 subjects for each group to confer enough power to test for the primary outcome. DISCUSSION: Research to confirm the efficacy and safety of a new medicine compared with those of previously proven anti-hypertensive drugs is beneficial to guide physicians in the selection of therapeutic agents. If it is confirmed that the new drug is not inferior to the existing drug, the drug will be considered as an option in the treatment of hypertension in elderly patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03246555 , registered on July 25, 2017.

5.
Hepatology ; 2019 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31325180

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The effects of low-level alcohol consumption on fatty liver disease and the potential for effect modification by obesity is uncertain. We investigated associations among low-level alcohol consumption, obesity status, and the development of incident hepatic steatosis (HS), either with or without an increase in noninvasive liver fibrosis score category (from low to intermediate or high category). APPROACH AND RESULTS: A total of 190,048 adults without HS and a low probability of fibrosis with alcohol consumption less than 30 g/day (men) and less than 20 g/day (women) were followed for up to 15.7 years. Alcohol categories of no, light, and moderate consumption were defined as 0, 1-9.9, and 10-29.9 g/day (10-19.9 g/day for women), respectively. HS was diagnosed by ultrasonography, and the probability of fibrosis was estimated using the fibrosis-4 index (FIB-4). Parametric proportional hazards models were used to estimate multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). A total of 43,466 participants developed HS, 2,983 of whom developed HS with an increase in FIB-4 index (to intermediate or high scores). Comparing light drinkers and moderate drinkers with nondrinkers, multivariable-adjusted HRs (95% CI) for incident HS were 0.93 (0.90-0.95) and 0.90 (0.87-0.92), respectively. In contrast, comparing light drinkers and moderate drinkers with nondrinkers, multivariable-adjusted HRs (95% CI) for developing HS plus intermediate/high FIB-4 were 1.15 (1.04-1.27) and 1.49 (1.33-1.66), respectively. The association between alcohol consumption categories and incident HS plus intermediate/high FIB-4 was observed in both nonobese and obese individuals, although the association was stronger in nonobese individuals (P for interaction by obesity = 0.017). CONCLUSIONS: Light/moderate alcohol consumption has differential effects on the development of different stages of fatty liver disease, which is modified by the presence of obesity.

6.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 9062, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31308382

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of liver disease, and yet the natural course remains unclear. Study population included 36,195 individuals who participated in a health-screening program and diagnosed with fatty liver by abdominal ultrasound. Participants were provided written information regarding fatty liver and advised to make lifestyle changes. Ultrasound was repeated after at least 6 months. After a mean follow up of 4.9 years (±3.4), 19.6% resolved their fatty liver. Individuals who resolved were more likely female (22.9% vs. 12.3%), thinner (body mass index [BMI], 25.2 ± 2.7 vs. 26 ± 2.7), and with lower HOMA-IR (1.4 vs. 1.7) (P .70.001). Decrease in BMI predicted resolution of fatty liver with 42% of those in the top quartile of BMI decline resolving compared with 5.7% in the lowest quartile (odds ratio [OR] (95% confidence interval [CI]) 15.65 (14.13-17.34), P < 0.001)). Baseline HOMA-IR also predicted resolution with those in the top quartile (most insulin resistant) being least likely to resolve (12%) vs. those in the lowest quartile (25%) (OR 0.36 [0.31-0.42], P < 0.001). Fatty liver disease is persistent. Individuals with higher degree of insulin resistance are also the most likely to have persistent steatosis at follow up.

7.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 8425, 2019 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31165750

RESUMO

A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.

8.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) ; 21(8): 1057-1062, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243882

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between sodium intake and blood pressure (BP) control in hypertensive patients taking antihypertensive medications by using 24-hour urine collection and 24-hour ambulatory BP. This is a cross-sectional community-based study and conducted in 2011 and 2012. A total of 1128 participants were recruited from five cities in Korea. Among them, 740 participants who had complete 24-hour urine collection and valid 24-hour ambulatory BP data were included in this study. Participants were divided into four groups: normotensives (NT, n = 441), untreated hypertensive patients (UTHT, n = 174), controlled hypertensive patients (CHT, n = 62), and uncontrolled hypertensive patients (UCHT, n = 63). UCHT and CHT groups showed higher mean age than NT and UTHT groups. UCHT and UTHT groups showed higher 24-hour systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) than NT and CHT groups. UCHT group had the highest level of 24-hour urine sodium. Multivariate analysis adjusted with age, gender, body mass index, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and use of diuretics showed higher level of 24-hour urine sodium in UCHT group than that in CHT group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed independent association of the amount of 24-hour urine sodium with uncontrolled BP in hypertensive patients on antihypertensive drug treatment. Higher level of 24-hour urine sodium excretion in uncontrolled hypertensive patients suggests that excessive sodium intake could be associated with blunted BP lowering efficacy of antihypertensive medications.

9.
Diab Vasc Dis Res ; 16(5): 450-457, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31081361

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although reported to be independent of obesity, the longitudinal changes of left ventricular structure and function have not been well characterized in normal-weight individuals with type 2 diabetes compared with overweight/obese individuals with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A total of 558 participants in the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study who underwent tissue Doppler echocardiography at baseline (cycle 4) and after 8 years (cycle 8) were classified into three groups based on body mass index and diabetes status: (1) normal-weight individuals without type 2 diabetes, (2) normal-weight individuals with type 2 diabetes and (3) overweight/obese individuals with type 2 diabetes. RESULTS: Only overweight/obese individuals with type 2 diabetes group had higher adjusted left ventricular mass index and lower tissue Doppler imaging early diastolic velocity and E/Em ratio compared with the normal-weight individuals without type 2 diabetes group at baseline and after 8 years. Participants in overweight/obese individuals with type 2 diabetes group also showed the higher prevalence and odds of left ventricular hypertrophy (16.0%; adjusted odds ratio: 2.24; 95% confidence interval: 1.22-5.06) and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (49.1%; 3.45; 1.01-4.32). Among participants with normal left ventricular structure and function at baseline, only overweight/obese individuals with type 2 diabetes group was associated with greater incidence of left ventricular hypertrophy (relative risk: 2.28; 1.04-4.98) over 8 years but not diastolic dysfunction. CONCLUSION: Cross-sectional and longitudinal observations suggest that increasing body mass index category and its associated metabolic abnormalities at baseline are associated with an increased risk for left ventricular hypertrophy and greater impairment in left ventricular diastolic parameters.

10.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(11): e011946, 2019 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31140347

RESUMO

Background There are limited outcome studies of hypertension among young adults, especially using the new blood pressure ( BP ) categories from the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association. We examined associations between the new BP categories and the risk of incident cardiovascular disease ( CVD ) in low-risk and young adults. Methods and Results A cohort study was performed in 244 837 Korean adults (mean age, 39.0 years; SD , 8.9 years) who underwent a comprehensive health examination at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital from January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2016; they were followed up for incident CVD via linkage to the Health Insurance and Review Agency database until the end of 2016, with a median follow-up of 4.3 years. BP was categorized according to the new American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) hypertension guidelines. During 924 420.7 person-years, 1435 participants developed new-onset  CVD (incidence rate of 16.0 per 104 person-years). The multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (95% CI s ) for CVD comparing elevated BP , stage 1 hypertension, stage 2 hypertension, treated and strictly controlled (systolic BP /diastolic BP <130/80 mm Hg with antihypertensive use), treated and controlled (systolic BP 130-139 and diastolic BP 80 to 89 mm Hg with antihypertensive use), treated uncontrolled, and untreated hypertension to normal BP were 1.37 (1.11-1.68), 1.45 (1.26-1.68), 2.12 (1.74-2.58), 1.41 (1.12-1.78), 1.97 (1.52-2.56), 2.29 (1.56-3.37) and 1.93 (1.53-2.45), respectively. Conclusions In this large cohort of low-risk and young adults, all categories of higher BP were independently associated with an increased risk of CVD compared with normal BP , underscoring the importance of BP management even in these low-risk populations.

11.
Am J Hypertens ; 32(10): 992-1002, 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31099387

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to evaluate non-inferiority of office mean systolic blood pressure (BP) reduction efficacy and superiority of 24-hour ambulatory central BP reduction efficacy between losartan combined with fixed dose amlodipine (L/A group) and dose up-titrated hydrochlorothiazide (L/H group) according to office BP. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized, double-blind multicenter trial in 231 patients with hypertensive (mean age = 59.2 ± 12.2 years). Patients received losartan 50 mg monotherapy for 4 weeks, followed by additional use of amlodipine 5 mg or hydrochlorothiazide 12.5 mg for 20 weeks after randomization. The patients who did not achieve the BP goal after 4 weeks' randomization received an increased dose of 100 mg/5 mg for the L/A group and 100 mg/25 mg for L/H group, respectively. The 24-hour ambulatory central BP was measured at baseline and after 20 weeks' treatment. RESULTS: Office mean systolic BP reduction of L/A group was not inferior to L/H group after 4 weeks' treatment (-17.6 ± 13.3 vs. -14.4 ± 12.6 mm Hg, P = 0.0863) and was not significantly different after 20 weeks' treatment. (-15.7 ± 14.0 vs. -14.7 ± 15.1 mm Hg, P = 0.6130) The 24-hour ambulatory central systolic BP was significantly more reduced in the L/A group compared with that in the L/H group after 20 weeks' treatment (-9.37 ± 10.67 vs. -6.28 ± 10.50 mm Hg, P = 0.0407). The 24-hour ambulatory central systolic BP at the completion of the study and its reduction magnitude were independently associated with reductions in aortic pulse wave velocity, pulse pressure, and wave reflection magnitude. CONCLUSION: Office systolic BP reduction with L/A was not inferior to L/H after 4 week's treatment. The combination of losartan and amlodipine was more favorable in 24-hour ambulatory central hemodynamics beyond BP-lowering efficacy than the combination of losartan and hydrochlorothiazide, regardless of office BP. CLINICAL TRIALS REGISTRATION: NCT02294539.

12.
Am J Hypertens ; 32(9): 833-841, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31045225

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine longitudinal associations between blood pressure (BP) categories and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) in treated hypertensive patients without CVD. METHODS: A cohort study was performed in Korean adults who underwent a comprehensive health examination from 1 January 2011 to 31 December 2016 and was followed for incident CVD via linkage to the Health Insurance and Review Agency database until the end of 2016, with a median follow-up of 4.3 years. RESULTS: Among 263,532 participants, 8,418 treated hypertensive patients free of CVD at baseline were included. The incident CVD end point was defined as new hospitalization for CVD, including ischemic heart disease, stroke, and transient ischemic attack. During 32,975.6 person-years of follow-up, 200 participants developed new-onset CVD (incidence rate of 60.6 per 104 person-years). The multivariable-adjusted hazard ratio (HR; 95% confidence intervals [CI]) for CVD according to systolic blood pressure (SBP) levels (comparing SBP < 110, SBP = 120-129, SBP = 130-139, SBP = 140-149, SBP = 150-159, and SBP ≥160 to SBP 110-119 mm Hg [reference]) were 0.83 (0.53-1.30), 1.31 (0.91-1.89), 1.18 (0.74-1.87), 1.46 (0.79-2.72), 3.19 (1.25-8.12), and 5.60 (2.00-15.70), respectively. In multivariable analysis for CVD according to diastolic blood pressure (DBP) levels, HR (95% CI) of DBP < 60, DBP = 70-79, DBP = 80-89, DBP = 90-99, and DBP ≥100 compared to DBP = 60-69 mm Hg [reference]) were 0.51 (0.12-2.14), 1.13 (0.76-1.67), 1.26 (0.83-1.92), 1.62 (0.89-2.97), and 1.68 (0.51-5.55), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In this large cohort of middle-aged treated hypertensive patients, SBP < 120 mm Hg and/or DBP < 70 mm Hg were acceptable and showed a trend of protection of incident CVD.

13.
PLoS One ; 14(4): e0214293, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30964905

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are recommended for treating patients with hypertension. However, comparative safety and efficacy of ARB use in elderly patients have not been well established. This study was designed to determine the efficacy of fimasartan, an ARB, in hypertensive elderly patients by measuring clinic and home blood pressures (BPs) and evaluating safety compared to nonelderly patients. METHOD: In the K-MetS study, a nationwide prospective observational study of hypertensive patients on fimasartan, elderly patients (60 years and older) who were treated for 1 year with fimasartan were recruited. BP was evaluated in clinic and at home. RESULTS: Of the 6 399 enrolled patients, 2 363 were elderly (46.9% males, mean age 67.3 ± 5.7 years). Fimasartan reduced systolic and diastolic BP (SBP and DBP) in clinic from 144.1 ± 17.3 to 127.7 ± 12.9 mmHg and from 85.1 ± 10.4 to 76.8 ± 8.4 mmHg, respectively, (all p<0.0001) in 1 year. Similar results were found in home BPs. These BP changes were consistent with those in nonelderly patients. However, pulse pressure, a better predictor of cardiovascular events in the elderly, decreased more in elderly than in nonelderly patients by -8.2 ± 0.3 in elderly and -7.0 ± 0.2 mmHg (p<0.0001), respectively, after adjustment for confounding factors. Adverse events were reported in 1.6% of elderly hypertensives, independent of dose, which was consistent with results in nonelderly patients. CONCLUSIONS: Fimasartan resulted in better pulse pressure reduction with similar BP reduction efficacy and safety in hypertensive elderly patients compared with nonelderly patients.

14.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 4222, 2019 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30862894

RESUMO

The association between physical activity (PA) and atrial fibrillation (AF) remains unclear. We thus investigated association of PA with the development of AF. Type and duration data for PA were acquired from 211,992 AF-free individuals using the validated Korean version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short From between March 2002 and December 2014. Individuals were divided into four groups according to self-reported PA level and previous international PA guidelines: no PA with a sedentary lifestyle, insufficient PA, sufficient PA, and health-enhancing PA. AF was diagnosed by annual 12-lead electrocardiogram. During a median follow-up of 5.6 years, AF occurred in 304 participants (annual AF incidence rate 2.5/10,000 person-years). After adjusting for age and sex, PA level was not associated with AF incidence (P for trend = 0.26). The multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) for incidental AF was 1.00 (0.74-1.37) for the insufficient PA group, 1.34 (0.91-1.97) for the sufficient PA group, and 1.27 (0.72-2.23) for the health-enhancing PA group compared with the no PA group (P for trend = 0.18). Thus, our study does not support an association between the risk of AF and PA level in a young Korean population.

15.
Diabetes Metab J ; 2019 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30877706

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a known predictor of diabetes mellitus (DM), but whether longitudinal changes in MetS status modify the risk for DM remains unclear. We investigated whether changes in MetS status over 2 years modify the 10-year risk of incident DM. METHODS: We analyzed data from 7,317 participants aged 40 to 70 years without DM at baseline, who took part in 2001 to 2011 Korean Genome Epidemiology Study. Subjects were categorized into four groups based on repeated longitudinal assessment of MetS status over 2 years: non-MetS, resolved MetS, incident MetS, and persistent MetS. The hazard ratio (HR) of new-onset DM during 10 years was calculated in each group using Cox models. RESULTS: During the 10-year follow-up, 1,099 participants (15.0%) developed DM. Compared to the non-MetS group, the fully adjusted HRs for new-onset DM were 1.28 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.92 to 1.79) in the resolved MetS group, 1.75 (95% CI, 1.30 to 2.37) in the incident MetS group, and 1.98 (95% CI, 1.50 to 2.61) in the persistent MetS group (P for trend <0.001). The risk of DM in subjects with resolved MetS was significantly attenuated compared to those with persistent MetS over 2 years. In addition, the adjusted HR for 10-year developing DM gradually increased as the number of MetS components increased 2 years later. CONCLUSION: We found that discrete longitudinal changes pattern in MetS status over 2 years associated with 10-year risk of DM. These findings suggest that monitoring change of MetS status and controlling it in individuals may be important for risk prediction of DM.

16.
Clin Ther ; 41(4): 728-741, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30904178

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Dyslipidemia and hypertension increase the risk for cardiovascular disease. Combination therapy improves patient compliance. This study was conducted to compare the efficacy and tolerability of the combination therapies telmisartan/amlodipine + rosuvastatin, telmisartan/amlodipine, and telmisartan + rosuvastatin in patients with hypercholesterolemia and hypertension. METHODS: In this Phase III, multicenter, 8-week randomized, double-blind study, participants with hypertension and dyslipidemia (defined as a sitting systolic blood pressure [sitSBP] of ≥140 mm Hg, a low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol [LDL-C] level of ≤250 mg/dL, and a triglyceride level of ≤400 mg/dL) were screened. After a 4-week washout/run-in period involving therapeutic lifestyle changes and telmisartan 80 mg once a day, eligible patients had a sitSBP of ≥140 mm Hg and met the LDL-C level criteria according to the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III cardiovascular disease risk category. Patients were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: (1) telmisartan/amlodipine 80/10 mg + rosuvastatin 20 mg (TAR group); (2) telmisartan/amlodipine 80/10 mg (TA group); or (3) telmisartan 80 mg + rosuvastatin 20 mg (TR group). The primary efficacy end points were the percentage changes from baseline in LDL-C in the TAR and TA groups and the mean changes in sitSBP in the TAR and TR groups at week 8 compared to baseline. Continuous variables were compared using the unpaired t test or the Wilcoxon rank sum model, and categorical variables were compared using the χ2 or Fisher exact test. Tolerability was assessed based on adverse events found on physical examination including vital sign measurements, laboratory evaluations, and 12-lead ECG. FINDINGS: A total of 134 patients were enrolled. The least squares mean percentage changes in LDL-C at 8 weeks after administration of the drug compared to baseline were -51.9% (3.0%) in the TAR group and -3.2% (2.9%) in the TA group (P < 0.001). At 8 weeks after baseline, the least squares mean (SE) changes sitSBP were -28.3 (2.4) mm Hg in the TAR group and -10.7 (2.1) mm Hg in the TR group (P < 0.001). The prevalence rates of treatment-emergent adverse events were 15.0%, 25.0%, and 12.2% in the TAR, TA, and TR groups, respectively; those of adverse drug reactions were 15.0%, 22.7%, and 10.2%. None of the differences in rates were significant among 3 groups. IMPLICATIONS: Triple therapy with TAR can be an effective treatment in patients with dyslipidemia and hypertension. The TAR combination has value for hypertensive patients with hyperlipidemia in terms of convenience, tolerability, and efficacy. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03566316.

17.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 26(9): 952-960, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30729801

RESUMO

AIMS: We investigated the dose-response association of 24-hour urine sodium and potassium with 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure. DESIGN: Cross-sectional community-based study. METHODS: Among the 1128 participants in the community-based cross-sectional survey, 740 participants (aged 20-70 years) with complete 24-hour urine collection and valid 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring were included in the study. Participants were grouped into younger (<55 years, n = 523) and older (≥55 years, n = 217). RESULTS: In the older population, nighttime blood pressure linearly increased with 24-hour urine sodium and the sodium to potassium ratio. For 24-hour urine sodium, adjusted ß was 0.171 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.036-0.305) for nighttime systolic blood pressure and 0.144 (95% CI 0.012-0.276) for nighttime diastolic blood pressure. For the 24-hour urine sodium to potassium ratio, adjusted ß was 0.142 (95% CI 0.013-0.270) for nighttime systolic blood pressure and 0.144 (95% CI 0.018-0.270) for nighttime diastolic blood pressure. The 24-hour blood pressure linearly increased with the 24-hour urine sodium to potassium ratio and adjusted ß was 0.133 (95% CI 0.003-0.262) for 24-hour systolic blood pressure and 0.123 (95% CI 0.003-0.244) for 24-hour diastolic blood pressure. Daytime blood pressure and 24-hour systolic blood pressure showed a significant but non-linear association with 24-hour urine sodium among the older population. In the younger population, 24-hour urine sodium, potassium and the sodium to potassium ratio were not associated with ambulatory blood pressure. CONCLUSION: In the older population, 24-hour urine sodium and the sodium to potassium ratio showed a linear and positive association with nighttime blood pressure, and 24-hour urine sodium was associated with 24-hour systolic blood pressure and daytime blood pressure in a non-linear fashion.

18.
J Korean Med Sci ; 34(6): e48, 2019 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30787681

RESUMO

Background: Continuous metabolic syndrome (MS) severity scores that can track metabolic risk in individuals over time have been developed for Western populations. The present study aimed to develop gender- and age-specific equations for MS severity scores in Korean adults. Methods: Using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) IV (2010-2012) and VI (2013-2015), we performed a confirmatory factor analysis of single MS factor that allowed for differential loadings across groups to generate gender- and age-specific, continuous MS severity scores. Then, we validated this equation in a different dataset of Korean adults. Results: In confirmatory analysis, waist circumference had the highest factor loading, indicating that waist circumference had the strongest correlation with MS among Korean adults. Lower factor loadings (< 0.4) among Korean adults aged 40-59 years were noted for systolic blood pressure and fasting glucose. MS severity score values were significantly correlated with metabolic parameters, including high-sensitivity C-reactive-protein, glycated hemoglobin, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance. Furthermore, MS severity scores well predicted traditional MS according to receiver operating characteristic analysis in a validation dataset (KNHANES VII). In a longitudinal cohort dataset, participants diagnosed with Adult Treatment Program III (ATP-III) MS after an initial assessment had progressively higher baseline MS severity scores in relationship to their time until ATP-III MS diagnosis. Conclusion: The new MS severity score equations for Korean adults proposed in this study provide a clinically-accessible continuous measure of MS for potential use in identifying adults at higher risk for MS-related diseases and following changes within individuals over time.


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica/patologia , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Adulto , Área Sob a Curva , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , República da Coreia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
19.
PLoS One ; 14(1): e0208736, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30673698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Decreased lung function is associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), based on linking mechanisms such as insulin resistance and systemic inflammation However, its association with the risk of developing NAFLD is unclear. Our aim was to investigate whether baseline lung function is associated with incident NAFLD in middle-aged healthy Koreans. METHODS: A cohort study of 96,104 subjects (mean age: 35.7 years) without NAFLD were followed up from 2002 to 2015. NAFLD was diagnosed by ultrasound after the exclusion of other possible causes of liver diseases. Baseline percent predicted forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1%) and forced vital capacity (FVC%) were categorized in quartiles. Adjusted hazard ratios (aHR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) (using the highest quartile as reference) were calculated for incident NAFLD at follow-up, controlling for covariates and potential confounders. RESULTS: During 579,714.5 person-years of follow-up, 24,450 participants developed NAFLD (incidence rate, 42.2 per 1,000 person-years). The mean follow-up period was 5.9±3.4 years. Regardless of smoking history, the risk for incident NAFLD increased with decreasing quartiles of FEV1 (%) and FVC (%) in a dose-response manner (p for trend<0.001). In never smokers, the aHRs (95% CIs) for incident NAFLD were 1.15 (1.08-1.21), 1.11 (1.05-1.18), and 1.08 (1.02-1.14) in quartiles 1-3 for FEV1 (%) and 1.12 (1.06-1.18), 1.11 (1.05-1.18), and 1.09 (1.03-1.15) in quartiles 1-3 for FVC (%), compared with the highest quartile reference. Similar inverse association was present in smoke-exposed subjects (aHR for incident NAFLD were 1.14, 1.21, 1.13 and 1.17, 1.11, 1.09 across FEV1(%) and FVC(%) quartile in increasing order, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Reduced lung function was a risk factor for incident NAFLD in a large middle-aged Korean cohort with over half a million person-years of follow-up.


Assuntos
Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Volume Expiratório Forçado/fisiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Testes de Função Respiratória , Fatores de Risco , Capacidade Vital/fisiologia
20.
Atherosclerosis ; 282: 188-195, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30528193

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The relationship between blood pressure (BP) levels given in the new hypertension guidelines by the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) and subclinical coronary atherosclerosis in low-risk young adults is unknown. We evaluated the association between the new BP categories and coronary artery calcium (CAC) in low-risk, young and middle-aged adults. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 96,166 Koreans who underwent a health examination including cardiac tomography estimation of CAC scores in 2012-2017. BP categories were defined according to the 2017 ACC/AHA guidelines. We used Poisson regression models with robust variance to calculate prevalence ratios (PRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for prevalent CAC >0. RESULTS: Overall, higher BP categories were associated with higher CAC scores in both young (aged 20-39) and middle-aged people (aged 40 years or more). After adjusting for possible confounders, including traditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, the multivariable-adjusted PRs (95% CI) for prevalent CAC, comparing elevated BP and stage 1 and 2 hypertension to normal BP, were 1.27 (1.08-1.49), 1.45 (1.28-1.63), and 2.02 (1.67-2.43), respectively, among those aged 20-39 years and 1.25 (1.15-1.36), 1.29 (1.23-1.35), and 1.46 (1.36-1.57), respectively, among those aged ≥40 years. This association was also evident in those with a 10-year CVD risk of <10%. CONCLUSIONS: Higher BP categories were positively associated with prevalent CAC, and that association began in the elevated BP category, even in a young and low-risk population.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA