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1.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 210: 111854, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33422839

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the prospective correlation between serum metals before 24 weeks' gestation and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) or glucose in the late second trimester among southern Chinese pregnant women. METHODS: A total of 8169 pregnant women were included in our retrospective cohort study. Logistic regression was used to investigate the relationships between metals (Manganese [Mn], copper [Cu], lead [Pb], calcium [Ca], zinc [Zn], magnesium [Mg]) and GDM. Quantile regression was performed to detect the shifts and associations with metals and three time-points glucose distribution of oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) focused on the 10th, 50th, and 90th percentiles. Weighted quantile sum (WQS) regression was used to explore the relationship of metal mixtures and GDM as well as glucose. RESULTS: Maternal serum concentrations of metals were assessed at mean 16.55 ± 2.92 weeks' gestation. Women with under weight might have 25% decreased risk of GDM for every 50% increase in Cu concentration within the safe limits. A 50% increase in Mn and Zn levels was related to a 0.051 µmol/L (95% CI: 0.033-0.070) and 0.059 µmol/L (95% CI: 0.040-0.079) increase in mean fasting plasma glucose of OGTT (OGTT0), respectively. The magnitude of association with Mn was smaller at the upper tail of OGTT0 distribution, while the magnitude of correlation with Zn was greater at the upper tail. However, there was a 0.012 mmol/L (95% CI: -0.017 to -0.008), 0.028 mmol/L (95% CI: -0.049 to -0.007), and 0.036 mmol/L (95% CI: -0.057 to -0.016) decrease in mean OGTT0 levels for every 50% increase in Pb, Ca, and Mg, respectively. The negative association of Pb, Ca, and Mg was greater at the lower tail of OGTT0 distribution. No significant relationship was observed in Cu and mean OGTT0 level (-0.010 mmol/L, 95% CI: -0.021 to 0.001), however, it showed a protective effect at the upper tail (-0.034 mmol/L, 95% CI: -0.049 to -0.017). No obvious correlation was found between metals and postprandial glucose levels (OGTT1 and OGTT2 from OGTT). The WQS index was significantly related to OGTT0 (P < 0.001). The contribution of Mn (80.19%) to metal mixture index was the highest related to OGTT0, followed by Cu (19.81%). CONCLUSIONS: Higher Mn and Zn but lower Pb, Ca, and Mg concentrations within a certain range before 24 weeks' gestation might prospectively impair fasting plasma glucose during pregnancy; a greater focus is required on Mn. It could provide early markers of metal for predicting later glucose and suggest implement intervention for pregnant women.


Assuntos
Glicemia/análise , Diabetes Gestacional/sangue , Metais/sangue , Adulto , Monitoramento Biológico , Biomarcadores/sangue , China/epidemiologia , Diabetes Gestacional/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32256449

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the size and shape association of OGTT values with adverse pregnancy complications among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in Southern Han Chinese population and further analyze their mediating effects with maternal age in outcomes. Methods: 6,861 women with GDM were included in the study. Logistic regression was used to identify the correlations between OGTT values and adverse pregnancy outcomes of GDM. Restricted cubic spline nested logistic regression was conducted to investigate potential non-linear and linear associations. Mediating effect among maternal age, OGTT and adverse outcomes were explored. Results: Women with GDM had a mean age of 31.83, and 24.49% had advanced maternal age (≥35 years). In logistic regression with adjustment, compared with lower OGTT0 (<5.1 mmol/L), GDM patients with higher OGTT0 (≥5.1 mmol/L) exhibited 1.891 (95% CI: 1.441-2.298, P < 0.001), 1.284 (1.078-1.529, P = 0.005), 1.285 (1.065-1.550, P = 0.009), and 1.302 (1.067-1.590, P = 0.010) times increased risk of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), preterm, neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, and macrosomia, respectively. GDM patients with higher OGTT1 (≥10 mmol/L) had only found to exhibited 1.473-fold (1.162-1.867, P = 0.001) increasing risk of HDP than those with lower OGTT1 (<10 mmol/L). No adverse outcome was identified to associate with higher OGTT2 (≥8.5 mmol/L). Linear relationships (non-linear P > 0.05) were observed between OGTT0 and HDP, preterm, neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, and macrosomia in both maternal age groups (<35 and ≥35 years). Non-linear associations of OGTT1 with incidence of HDP, preterm, and neonatal hyperbilirubinemia were detected in GDM patients younger than 35 years (non-linear P = 0.037, P = 0.049, P = 0.039, respectively), rising more steeply at higher values. Similar non-linearity was noted for OGTT2 with HDP in older patients. All OGTT values had significant mediating effects on some special complications caused by higher age. Conclusion: Higher fasting plasma glucose was more strongly linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes among GDM patients. Both linearity and Non-linearity of associations between glucose and complications should be taken into account. A careful reconsideration of GDM with hierarchical and individualized management according to OGTT is needed.

3.
J Rehabil Med ; 51(9): 692-697, 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418043

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To provide detailed data on the effects of multidisciplinary rehabilitation for patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder with moderate to severe disability. DESIGN: A pilot randomized control study. SUBJECTS/PATIENTS: A total of 39 patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder were randomized into intervention or control groups. METHODS: The intervention group received multidisciplinary rehabilitation 5 times/week for 4 weeks in a hospital, and the patients were guided to continue community- or home-based rehabilitation for 3 months. The control group did not receive any specific rehabilitation intervention. Disability was assessed using the Extended Disability Status Scale (EDSS) and Functional Systems (FS) scores after 4 weeks of rehabilitation and 3 months of follow-up. RESULTS: The mean EDSS score was 7.5 at admission for both groups. Improvements (p<0.05) in the EDSS score and domains of bowel, bladder and motor functions (pyramidal and walking function) were noted in the multidisciplinary rehabilitation group after 4 weeks. After 3 months, the patients in the usual care group showed improvement in EDSS score and walking ability score; however, no significant changes in other variables were noted. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that multidisciplinary rehabilitation potentially promotes motor functional recovery in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders.


Assuntos
Neuromielite Óptica/reabilitação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto
4.
Mol Med Rep ; 19(3): 1687-1693, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30628673

RESUMO

Low­frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields (LPEMFs) have been reported to be protective for multiple diseases. However, whether the administration of LPEMFs inhibits inflammation and oxidative stress following spinal cord injury requires further investigation. In the current study, a contusion spinal cord injury model was used and LPEMFs administration was applied to investigate the molecular changes, including inflammation, oxidative stress and heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) levels. The results revealed that LPEMFs significantly promoted functional recovery following spinal cord injury, as demonstrated by an increased Basso, Beattie and Bresnahan score. The results demonstrated that LPEMFs decreased the expression of inflammatory factors, including tumor necrosis factor­α, interleukin­1ß and nuclear factor­κB. Additionally, LPEMFs exposure reduced the levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase and reactive oxygen species, and upregulated the expression of catalase and superoxide dismutase. Furthermore, treatment with LPEMFs significantly enhanced the expression of HSP70 in spinal cord­injured rats. Overall, the present study revealed that LPEMFs promote functional recovery following spinal cord injury, potentially by modulating inflammation, oxidative stress and HSP70.


Assuntos
Inflamação/terapia , Terapia de Campo Magnético , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos da radiação , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/terapia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos da radiação , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/genética , Humanos , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , NF-kappa B/genética , Ratos , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/genética , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/fisiopatologia
5.
Clin Chim Acta ; 468: 5-9, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28167198

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a postinfectious immune-mediated peripheral neuropathy. Interleukin (IL)-27 and IL-35 have been recognized as novel members of IL-12 family. We evaluated the serum and cerebral spinal fluid (CFS) concentrations of IL-27 and IL-35 in GBS and analyze their correlations with clinical characteristics. METHODS: Serum samples from 50 patients with GBS including 9 acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (AIDP), 33 acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN) and 8 unclassified and 35 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were collected. Thirty CSF samples from these patients and 25 patients with other noninflammatory neurological disorders (ONNDs) as disease controls were collected after lumbar puncture. Serum and CSF IL-27 and IL-35 concentrations were measured using human IL-27 or IL-35 ELISA. RESULTS: Serum IL-27 concentrations were elevated (p=0.002) whereas serum IL-35 concentrations were decreased (p=0.031) in patients with GBS comparing with healthy controls, particularly in patients exhibiting AMAN (p=0.012). Additionally, serum IL-35 concentrations were negatively correlated with disease severity and outcomes in patients with AMAN (r=-0.358, p=0.041; r=-0.416, p=0.016). CONCLUSIONS: IL-27 might be pathogenic, whereas IL-35 be protective in GBS. Additionally, serum IL-35 concentrations may be important biomarkers for the severity and outcomes of AMAN.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Guillain-Barré/sangue , Interleucina-27/sangue , Interleucinas/sangue , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
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