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1.
Eur J Med Chem ; 190: 112112, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044580

RESUMO

A new series of pyrimidine derivatives as human carbonic anhydrases (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) inhibitors is here designed by including a 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) moiety, broadly used anticancer medication, in nitrogenous base modulators of the tumor-associated CAs. Most sulfonamide derivatives efficiently inhibit the target CA IX (KIs in the range 0.47-44.7 nM) and CA XII (KIs in the range 2.9-83.1 nM), while the 5-FU coumarin derivatives showed a potent and totally selective inhibitory action against the target CA IX/XII over off-target CA I/II. The X-ray solved crystal structure of CA II in adduct with a representative uracil derivative provided insights on the binding mode to the target of such pyrimidine derivatives. On the basis of potency and selectivity inhibition profiles, coumarin 12a, the sulfonamide CAIs showing the greatest II/IX specificity (4e, 6b and 6d) and the unique subnanomolar CA IX inhibitor 10a were tested in vitro for their antiproliferative action against a panel of eight cancer cell lines. The breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB-231 and T47D were the most susceptible with IC50 values in low to medium micromolar ranges (2.45 ± 0.07-18.86 ± 0.72 µM and 6.86 ± 0.31-40.92 ± 1.59 µM, respectively). A cell cycle analysis showed that 4e and 6d arrest T-47D cells mainly in the G2/M phase. Using an annexin V-FITC apoptosis assay, 4e and 6d were shown to induce an approximately 23.6-fold and 34.8-fold total increase in apoptosis compared to the control, corroborating the concrete potential of 5-FU CAIs for the design of new effective anticancer strategies.

2.
Bioorg Med Chem ; : 115329, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007388

RESUMO

In the present work, a new series of thiopyrimidine-benzenesulfonamide conjugates was designed, synthesized and tested as carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) inhibitors. Our design strategy was based on the molecular hybridization of the benzenesulfonamide moiety as a zinc binding group (ZBG), an alkylated thiopyrimidine moiety as a spacer and (un)substituted phenyl moieties with various electronic and hydrophobic environments as a tail. The designed and synthesized compounds were evaluated against four human (h) CA isoforms hCA I, hCA II, hCA IX and hCA XII. Series 6 showed promising activity and selectivity toward the cytosolic isoforms hCA I and hCA II versus the membrane bound isoforms hCA IX and hCA XII. Compounds 6e and 6f showed Ki of 0.04 µM against hCA II with a selectivity of 15.8- to 980-fold towards hCA II over hCA I, hCA IX, hCA XII isoforms. Molecular docking in the hCA II active site attributed the promising inhibitory activity of series 6 to the interaction of their sulfonamide moiety with the active site Zn2+ ion as well as its hydrogen bonding with the key amino acids Thr199 and Thr200. Through hydrophobic interaction, the benzenesulfonamide and the thiopyrimidine moieties interact with the hydrophobic side chains of the amino acids Val121/Leu198 and Ile91/Phe131, respectively. These results indicated that the designed and synthesized series is an interesting scaffold that can be further optimized for the development of selective antiglaucoma drugs.

3.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 35(1): 598-609, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009479

RESUMO

Inhibitory action of newly synthesised 4-(2-(2-substituted-thio-4-oxoquinazolin-3(4H)-yl)ethyl)benzenesulfonamides compounds 2-13 against human carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) (hCA) isoforms I, II, IX, and XII, was evaluated. hCA I was efficiently inhibited by compounds 2-13 with inhibition constants (KIs) ranging from 57.8-740.2 nM. Compounds 2, 3, 4, and 12 showed inhibitory action against hCA II with KIs between 6.4 and 14.2 nM. CA IX exhibited significant sensitivity to inhibition by derivatives 2-13 with KI values ranging from 7.1 to 93.6 nM. Compounds 2, 3, 4, 8, 9, and 12 also exerted potent inhibitory action against hCA XII (KIs ranging from 3.1 to 20.2 nM). Molecular docking studies for the most potent compounds 2 and 3 were conducted to exhibit the binding mode towards hCA isoforms as a promising step for SAR analyses which showed similar interaction with co-crystallized ligands. As such, a subset of these mercaptoquinazolin-4(3H)-one compounds represented interesting leads for developing new efficient and selective carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (CAIs) for the management of a variety of diseases including glaucoma, epilepsy, arthritis and cancer.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022355

RESUMO

Structure-based drug development is often hampered by the lack of in vivo activity of promising compounds screened in vitro, due to low membrane permeability or poor intracellular binding selectivity. Here we show that ligand screening can be performed in living human cells by 'intracellular protein-observe' NMR, without requiring enzymatic activity measurements or other cellular assays. Quantitative binding information is obtained by fast, inexpensive 1 H NMR experiments, providing intracellular dose- and time-dependent ligand binding curves, from which kinetic and thermodynamic parameters linked to cell permeability and binding affinity and selectivity are obtained. The approach was applied to carbonic anhydrase and, in principle, can be extended to any NMR-observable intracellular target. The results obtained are directly related to the potency of candidate drugs, i.e. the required dose. The application of this approach at an early stage of the drug design pipeline could greatly increase the low success rate of modern drug development.

5.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 35(1): 622-628, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037900

RESUMO

A series of bio-organometallic-hydrazones of the general formula [{(η5-C5H4)-C(R)=N-N(H)-C6H4-4-SO2NH2}]MLn(MLn = Re(CO)3, Mn(CO)3, FeCp; R=H, CH3) were prepared by reaction of formyl/acetyl organometallic precursors with 4-hydrazino-benzenesulphonamide. All compounds were characterized by conventional spectroscopic techniques (infra-red, 1H and 13C NMR, mass spectrometry and elemental analysis). Biological evaluation as carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) inhibitors agents was carried out using four human/h) isoforms, hCA I, II, IX and XII. The cytosolic isoforms hCA I and II were effectively inhibited by almost all derivatives with inhibition constants of 1.7-22.4 nM. Similar effects were observed for the tumour-associated transmembrane isoform hCA XII (KIs of 1.9-24.4 nM). hCA IX was less sensitive to inhibition with these compounds. The presence of bio-organometallic or metallo-carbonyl moieties in the molecules of these CAIs makes them amenable for interesting pharmacologic applications, for example for compounds with CO donating properties.

6.
Bioorg Chem ; 96: 103635, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028060

RESUMO

Implication of carbonic anhydrases (CAs) in many physiological functions made them attractive therapeutic targets. Herein, we report the synthesis of three series of benzenesulfonamide-based compounds (5a-e, 9a-e and 10a-e) as potential ligands to four of the human CA isoforms (hCA I, hCA II, hCA IX and hCA XII). All synthesized compounds were evaluated for their CA inhibitory activity. Most of the compounds preferentially inhibited the tumor-associated isoforms IX and XII. Series 9a-e and 10a-e showed the highest activity. Of particular interest was compound 10a which demonstrated the highest activity among all compounds with Ki of 68.3 and 21.5 nM against hCA IX and hCA XII, respectively, in addition to its highest selectivity index. To get deep insight on the interaction of compound 10a with CA, docking experiment was run to study the binding interaction with key amino acids and zinc ion in the catalytic site of the four isoforms studied.

7.
Eur J Med Chem ; 189: 112019, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31972394

RESUMO

In the present study, we report the design and synthesis of novel CAN508 sulfonamide-based analogues (4, 8a-e, 9a-h and 10a-e) as novel carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitors with potential CDK inhibitory activity. A bioisosteric replacement approach was adopted to replace the phenolic OH of CAN508 with a sulfamoyl group to afford compound 4. Thereafter, a ring-fusion approach was utilized to furnish the 5/5 fused imidazopyrazoles 8a-e which were subsequently expanded to 6/5 pyrazolopyrimidines 9a-h and 10a-e. All the synthesized analogues were evaluated for their inhibitory activity toward isoforms hCA I, II, IX and XII. The target tumor-associated isoforms hCA IX and XII were effectively inhibited with KIs ranges 6-67.6 and 10.1-88.6 nM, respectively. Furthermore, all compounds were evaluated for their potential CDK2 and 9 inhibitory activities. Pyrazolopyrimidines 9d, 9e and 10b displayed weak CDK2 inhibitory activity (IC50 = 6.4, 8.0 and 11.6 µM, respectively), along with abolished CDK9 inhibitory activity. This trend suggested that pyrazolopyrimidine derivatives merit further optimization to furnish more effective CDK2 inhibitor lead. On account of their excellent activity and selectivity towards hCA IX and XII, pyrazolopyrimidines 10 were evaluated for their anti-proliferative activity toward breast cancer MCF-7 and MDA-MB-468 cell lines under normoxic and hypoxic conditions. The most potent anti-proliferative agents 10a, 10c and 10d significantly increased cell percentage at sub-G1 and G2-M phases with concomitant decrease in the S phase population in MCF-7 treated cells. Finally, a docking study was undertaken to investigate the binding mode for the most selective hCA IX and XII inhibitors 10a-e, within hCA II, IX and XII active sites.

8.
Eur J Med Chem ; 188: 112021, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901743

RESUMO

A series of novel sulfonamide derivatives bearing pyrrole and pyrrolopyrimidine scaffolds were synthesized and screened as carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. The inhibition activity of the synthesized compounds was evaluated against the cytosolic human carbonic anhydrase isoforms I and II and the transmembranal isoforms IX and XII. Several candidates showed potent inhibitory activity against IX and XII isoforms. Furthermore, ex vivo screening of cytotoxic selectivity and activity of the most potent derivatives were carried out against normal cells (WI38) and cervical cancer cell line (HeLa) under normal and hypoxic conditions using acetazolamide as reference drug. Compound 11b potency was nearly three folds higher in hypoxic than normoxic condition whereas that of compound 11f was nearly four folds higher in hypoxic vs. normoxic HeLa cells. All the screened derivatives exhibited less potency on normal cells (WI38). Molecular docking was carried out to discover the possible binding mode of compounds within the active site of isoform CA IX.

9.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 35(1): 424-431, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31899985

RESUMO

A series of 16 novel benzenesulfonamides incorporating 1,3,5-triazine moieties substituted with aromatic amines, dimethylamine, morpholine and piperidine were investigated. These compounds were assayed for antioxidant properties by using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging assay, 2,2`-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) radical decolarisation assay and metal chelating methods. They were also investigated as inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) and tyrosinase, which are associated with several diseases such as Alzheimer, Parkinson and pigmentation disorders. These benzenesulfonamides showed moderate DPPH radical scavenging and metal chelating activity, and low ABTS cation radical scavenging activity. Compounds 2 b, 3d and 3 h showed inhibitory potency against AChE with % inhibition values of >90. BChE was also effectively inhibited by most of the synthesised compounds with >90% inhibition potency. Tyrosinase was less inhibited by these compounds.

10.
J Med Chem ; 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31972093

RESUMO

Two series of saccharin/isoxazole and saccharin/isoxazoline hybrids were synthesized by 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition. The new compounds showed to be endowed with potent and selective inhibitory activity against the cancer-related human carbonic anhydrase (hCA) IX and XII isoforms in the nanomolar range, while no affinity was encountered for off-targets, such as hCA I and II. Successive enantioseparation on a milligram scale of the most representative compounds led to the discovery that (S)-isomers were more potent than their corresponding (R)-enantiomers. Lastly, molecular modeling studies were conducted to define those structural requirements that were responsible for the discrimination among selected human isoforms of carbonic anhydrases. Two nanomolar hCA IX and XII inhibitors were also screened for their selective toxicity against non tumoral primary cells (fibroblasts) and against a breast adenocarcinoma cell line (MCF7) in hypoxic environment. The efficacious combination of these compounds with doxorubicin on MCF7 cells was demonstrated after 72 h of treatment.

11.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 35(1): 489-497, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914827

RESUMO

A series of amino acid-sulphonamide conjugates was prepared through benzotriazole mediated coupling reactions and characterised by 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, MS, and FTIR spectroscopic techniques as well as elemental analysis. The carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) inhibitory activity of the new compounds was determined against four human (h) isoforms, hCA I, hCA II, hCA VA, and hCA XII. Most of the synthesised compounds showed effective in vitro CA inhibitory properties. The new amino acid-sulphonamide conjugates showed potent inhibitory activity against hCA II, some of them at subnanomolar levels, exhibiting more effective inhibitory activity compared to the standard drug acetazolamide. Some of these sulphonamides were also found to be effective inhibitors of hCA I, hCA VA, and hCA XII, with activity from the low to high nanomolar range.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/farmacologia , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/farmacologia , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Aminoácidos/síntese química , Aminoácidos/química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/síntese química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/química , Humanos , Isoenzimas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Sulfonamidas/síntese química , Sulfonamidas/química
12.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 35(1): 539-548, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31948300

RESUMO

In an in vitro screening for human carbonic anhydrase (hCA) inhibiting agents from higher plants, the petroleum ether and ethyl acetate extracts of Magydaris pastinacea seeds selectively inhibited hCA IX and hCA XII isoforms. The phytochemical investigation of the extracts led to the isolation of ten linear furocoumarins (1-10), four simple coumarins (12-15) and a new angular dihydrofurocoumarin (11). The structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated based on 1 D and 2 D NMR, MS, and ECD data analysis. All isolated compounds were inactive towards the ubiquitous cytosolic isoform hCA I and II (Ki > 10,000 nM) while they were significantly active against the tumour-associated isoforms hCA IX and XII. Umbelliprenin was the most potent coumarin inhibiting hCA XII isoform with a Ki of 5.7 nM. The cytotoxicity of the most interesting compounds on HeLa cancer cells was also investigated.

13.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 35(1): 506-510, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31928252

RESUMO

The hypothesis that sulfocoumarin acting as inhibitors of human carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) cancer-associated isoforms hCA IX and - hCA XII is being able to also inhibit thioredoxin reductase was verified and confirmed. The dual targeting of two cancer cell defence mechanisms, i.e. hypoxia and oxidative stress, may both contribute to the observed antiproliferative profile of these compounds against many cancer cell lines. This unprecedented dual anticancer mechanism may lead to a new approach for designing innovative therapeutic agents.

14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(2)2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31963423

RESUMO

A series of 2-thio- and 2-seleno-acetamides bearing the benzenesulfonamide moiety were evaluated as Carbonic Anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) inhibitors against different pathogenic bacteria such as the Vibrio cholerae (VchCA-α and VchCA-ß), Burkholderia pseudomallei (BpsCA-ß and BpsCA-γ), Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Rv3723-ß) and the Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (StCA2-ß). The molecules represent interesting leads worth developing as innovative antibacterial agents since they possess new mechanism of action and isoform selectivity preferentially against the bacterial expressed CAs. The identification of potent and selective inhibitors of bacterial CAs may lead to tools also useful for deciphering the physiological role(s) of such proteins.

15.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 35(1): 549-554, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967484

RESUMO

A small series of 2,4-dioxothiazolidinyl acetic acids was prepared from thiourea, chloroacetic acid, aromatic aldehydes, and ethyl-2-bromoacetate. They were assayed for the inhibition of four physiologically relevant carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) isoforms of human (h) origin, the cytosolic hCA I and II, and the transmembrane hCA IX and XII, involved among others in tumorigenesis (hCA IX and XII) and glaucoma (hCA II and XII). The two cytosolic isoforms were not inhibited by these carboxylates, which were also rather ineffective as hCA IX inhibitors. On the other hand, they showed submicromolar hCA XII inhibition, with KIs in the range of 0.30-0.93 µM, making them highly CA XII-selective inhibitors.

16.
Bioorg Chem ; 95: 103544, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915112

RESUMO

We describe the synthesis of a series of 2-arylbenzimidazole derivatives bearing sulfonamide functionality (4a-d, 7a-c and 10) as well as hydroxamic acid (15a-b), carboxylic acid (16a-b), carboxamide (17a-b) and boronic acid (22a-b and 26) functionalities, which act as human carbonic anhydrase (hCA, EC 4.2.1.1) inhibitors. The newly synthesized benzimidazole derivatives were evaluated against 4 physiologically relevant CA isoforms (hCA I, II, IX, and XII), and especially the sulfonamide-containing benzimidazoles demonstrated intriguing inhibitory activity against tumor associated CA IX and XII with KI values in the range of 5.2-29.3 nM and 9.9-41.7 nM, respectively. Notably, compound 4c was the most potent and selective CA IX (KI = 6.6 nM) and XII (KI = 9.9 nM) inhibitor with a significant selectivity ratio over cytosolic CA I and II isoforms in the range of 3.4-25.2. In addition, compounds having hydroxamic acid (15a-b) or carboxylic acid (16a-b) functionalities resulted in greater selectivity ratios for CA IX/XII over CAI/II in the range of 4.1-121.5 although with KI values in lower micromolar potency (KIs = 0.36-0.85 µM for CA IX/XII).

17.
Eur J Med Chem ; 186: 111896, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784185

RESUMO

We report here a thorough structure-activity relationship (SAR) with piperazinylureido sulfamates as inhibitors of human (h) carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1). A SAR investigation over the structure of reported anti-cancer zinc-binder CAIs such as SLC-0111 and S4 was carried out by including the urea outer nitrogen atom into a substituted piperazine ring reducing the linker flexibility. The derivatives were assessed for the inhibition of CA I, II and IV (off-target isoforms) and the tumor-associated CA IX (anticancer drug target). CA I and IV were not effectively inhibited, whereas many low nanomolar inhibitors were evidenced against CA II (KIs in the range of 1.0-705.5 nM), and IX (KIs in the range of 0.91-155.9 nM). Interestingly, a subset of CA II/IX selective inhibitors was detected which might represent interesting lead for the development of new anticancer strategies.

18.
J Med Chem ; 63(1): 321-333, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794211

RESUMO

The sweeteners saccharin (SAC) and acesulfame K (ACE) recently entered the topic of anticancer human carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) inhibitors, as they showed to selectively inhibit the tumor-associated CAs IX/XII over ubiquitous CAs. A drug design strategy is here reported, which took SAC and ACE as leads and produced a series of 2H-benzo[e][1,2,4]thiadiazin-3(4H)-one-1,1-dioxides (BTD). Many derivatives showed greater potency (KIs-CA IX 19.1-408.5 nM) and selectivity (II/IX SI 2-76) than the leads (KIs-CA IX 103, 2400 nM; II/IX-SI 56, >4) against CA IX/XII over off-target isoforms. A thorough X-ray crystallographic study depicted their binding mode to both CA II and IX-mimic. The most representative BTDs were characterized in vitro for their antitumor activity against A549, PC-3, and HCT-116 cancer cell lines both in normoxia and hypoxia. The two most effective compounds were assayed for their effect on several apoptosis markers, identifying promising leads for the development of new anticancer drugs.

19.
Expert Opin Drug Discov ; 15(2): 145-158, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670987

RESUMO

Introduction: Chagas disease (CD) is a neglected disease caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. In terms of novel drug discovery, there has been no progress since the 1960s with the same two drugs, benznidazole and nifurtimox, still in use. The complex life cycle, genetic diversity of T. cruzi strains, different sensitivities to the available drugs, as well as little interest from pharmaceutical companies and inadequate methodologies for translating in vitro and in vivo findings to the discovery of new drugs have all contributed to the lack of progress.Areas covered: In this perspective, the authors give discussion to the relevant points connected to the lack of developments in CD drug discovery and provide their expert perspectives.Expert opinion: There are few drugs currently in the preclinical pipeline for the treatment of CD. Only three classes of compounds have been shown to achieve high cure rates in mouse models of infection: nitroimidazoles (fexinidazole), oxaborole DNDi-6148 and proteasome inhibitors (GNF6702). New biomarkers for Chagas' disease are urgently needed for the diagnosis and detection of cure/treatment efficacy. Efforts from academia and pharmaceutical companies are in progress and more intense interaction to accelerate the process of new drugs development is necessary.

20.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 35(1): 298-305, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31809607

RESUMO

Pursuing on our efforts toward searching for efficient hCA IX and hCA XII inhibitors, herein we report the design and synthesis of new sets of benzofuran-based sulphonamides (4a,b, 5a,b, 9a-c, and 10a-d), featuring the zinc anchoring benzenesulfonamide moiety linked to a benzofuran tail via a hydrazine or hydrazide linker. All the target benzofurans were examined for their inhibitory activities toward isoforms hCA I, II, IX, and XII. The target tumour-associated hCA IX and XII isoforms were efficiently inhibited with KIs spanning in ranges 10.0-97.5 and 10.1-71.8 nM, respectively. Interestingly, arylsulfonehydrazones 9 displayed the best selectivity toward hCA IX and XII over hCA I (SIs: 39.4-250.3 and 26.0-149.9, respectively), and over hCA II (SIs: 19.6-57.1 and 13.0-34.2, respectively). Furthermore, the target benzofurans were assessed for their anti-proliferative activity, according to US-NCI protocol, toward a panel of sixty cancer cell lines. Only benzofurans 5b and 10b possessed selective and moderate growth inhibitory activity toward certain cancer cell lines.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzofuranos/farmacologia , Anidrase Carbônica IX/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/farmacologia , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Benzofuranos/química , Anidrase Carbônica IX/metabolismo , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/síntese química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonamidas/síntese química , Sulfonamidas/química
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