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1.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; : 1-6, 2020 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31928265

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the value of using computerized cardiotocography (cCTG) short-term variation (STV) for intrapartum monitoring in monochorionic twins (MC) complicated by selective intrauterine growth restriction (sIUGR).Material and methods: All available cCTGs retrieved from computerized medical records of MC with sIUGR were retrospectively studied regarding the behavior of the STV. sIUGR was defined as intertwin estimated fetal weight (EFW) discordance of ≥20% with the abdominal circumference (AC) below the fifth percentile and/or the EFW of the smaller twin below the 10th percentile. The sIUGR classification system proposed by Gratacos et al. was used using types I-III on the basis of umbilical artery Doppler characteristics of the IUGR twin. The admission (entry) STV and final pre-delivery (last) STV values were analyzed. Cases with intrauterine demise, with structural or chromosomal abnormalities, with twin anemia polycythemia sequence (TAPS) and/or twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) were excluded.Results: During the study period, 64 consecutive cases were managed within our department. Thirty-two cases fulfilled the inclusion criteria for analysis. Mean gestational age at assessment and at delivery was 28.4 ± 2.7 and 31.5 ± 2.2 weeks, respectively. The entry STV and last STV before delivery were not statistically different (mean IUGR STV entry: 9.3 ± 3.4 ms versus last 8 ± 2.2 ms; p = .051; mean co-twin STV entry: 9.1 ± 2.8 ms versus last 9.2 ± 3 ms; p = .87). Neither was the sIUGR-type adjusted STV.Conclusions: In MC pregnancies complicated by sIUGR, the cCTG STV does not distinguish between fetuses, nor does it show differences in cases of fetal deterioration monitored by conventional CTG.

2.
Hypertens Pregnancy ; 39(1): 1-11, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670986

RESUMO

Objective: To increase the detection rate of preterm preeclampsia (PE) first trimester combined screening tests are being developed. The aim of this review is to create an overview of the currently investigated screening markers, algorithms and their validations.Methods: Comprehensive review of the literature concerning first trimester screening for PEResults and conclusions: Studies investigating a total of 160 biochemical, 6 biophysical and 14 ultrasound markers could be identified. Of the 21 algorithms published, mainly the algorithm published by the Fetal Medicine Foundation London has been validated. This algorithm performes significantly better than screening by anamnestic risk factors only.

3.
Front Immunol ; 10: 2624, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31787985

RESUMO

Aims: Periodontal disease is associated with adverse pregnancy outcome, but the underlying pathophysiologic mechanism is still unknown. In this prospective, longitudinal, non-interventional case-control study, 45 women with preterm premature rupture of membranes and 26 controls with uncomplicated pregnancies were examined at three time-points (T1: 20-34 weeks of gestations; T2: within 48 h after delivery; T3: 4-6 weeks post partum). Examinations included subgingival, blood, vaginal, and placenta sampling for microbiologic, cytokine, and histology assessment. Objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that systemic inflammatory changes and not specific bacteria are predominantly involved in the association between periodontal disease and adverse pregnancy outcome. Results: Demographic data and gestational age at T1 were comparable between groups. While there was no correlation between vaginal and gingival fluid microbiome, cytokine levels in the assessed compartments differed between cases, and controls. Vaginal smears did not show a higher rate of abnormal flora in the cases at the onset of preterm premature rupture of membranes. Number and variety of bacteria in the case group placental membranes and vagina were higher, but these bacteria were not found in membranes at birth. Conclusions: On the basis of our results we speculate that an inflammatory pathway sequentially involving periodontal tissue, maternal serum, and finally vaginal compartment contributes to the underlying pathomechanism involved in preterm premature rupture of membranes associated with periodontitis.

4.
Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol ; 223(6): 373-394, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801169

RESUMO

AIMS: This is an official guideline of the German Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (DGGG), the Austrian Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (ÖGGG) and the Swiss Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (SGGG). The aim of this guideline is to improve the prediction, prevention and management of preterm birth based on evidence obtained from recently published scientific literature, the experience of the members of the guideline commission and the views of self-help groups. METHODS: The members of the participating medical societies and organizations developed Recommendations and Statements based on the international literature. The Recommendations and Statements were adopted following a formal consensus process (structured consensus conference with neutral moderation, voting done in writing using the Delphi method to achieve consensus). RECOMMENDATIONS: Part 2 of this short version of the guideline presents Statements and Recommendations on the tertiary prevention of preterm birth and the management of preterm premature rupture of membranes.


Assuntos
Ruptura Prematura de Membranas Fetais , Trabalho de Parto Prematuro/prevenção & controle , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Nascimento Prematuro , Sociedades Médicas , Prevenção Terciária , Incompetência do Colo do Útero , Áustria , Feminino , Ruptura Prematura de Membranas Fetais/prevenção & controle , Ruptura Prematura de Membranas Fetais/terapia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Obstetrícia , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/prevenção & controle , Nascimento Prematuro/terapia , Sistema de Registros
5.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 243: 93-96, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678761

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Angiogenic profiling with the use of sFlt-1/PlGF ratio (soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1/placental growth factor) can be helpful to characterize women with signs of impending preeclampsia (PE). However, little is known about the angiogenic profile of pregnancies complicated by HELLP syndrome. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of angiogenic profiles in cases of HELLP syndrome with and without classical signs of preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: The angiogenic profile of pregnant women with singleton gestation and isolated PE (group 1), PE associated with HELLP syndrome (group 2), and isolated HELLP syndrome (group 3) from 01/2011 to 03/2018, were compared. To overcome gestational age dependent angiogenic behavior, cases (group 3) were matched 1:2 with cases from group 1 and 2. Matching criteria was gestational age (±1 week). PE and HELLP syndrome were defined according to the international Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy (ISSHP) statement 2014. RESULTS: During the observational period, 244 women could be included in the study. Of those, 237 (97.1%) were diagnosed with PE. In 42 cases (17.2%) PE was associated with HELLP syndrome while 7 (2.9%) patients were diagnosed with isolated HELLP syndrome. Angiogenic profiles in terms of sFlt-1/PlGF ratios differed significantly between the three groups, showing highest levels in group 2 (PE/HELLP) while cases with isolated HELLP demonstrated the lowest ratios and sFlt-1 values (p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: We conclude that isolated HELLP syndrome is rare and seems to be a particular entity expressing a different angiogenic behaviour compared to classical PE or PE associated with HELLP syndrome.

6.
World J Stem Cells ; 11(10): 891-903, 2019 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692977

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perinatal complications may result in life-long morbidities, among which cerebral palsy (CP) is the most severe motor disability. Once developed, CP is a non-progressive disease with a prevalence of 1-2 per 1000 live births in developed countries. It demands an extensive and multidisciplinary care. Therefore, it is a challenge for our health system and a burden for patients and their families. Recently, stem cell therapy emerged as a promising treatment option and raised hope in patients and their families. AIM: The aim is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of stem cell treatment in children with CP using a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search on PubMed and EMBASE to find randomized controlled clinical trials (RCT) investigating the effect of stem cell transplantation in children with CP. After the review, we performed a random-effects meta-analysis focusing on the change in gross motor function, which was quantified using the gross motor function measure. We calculated the pooled standardized mean differences of the 6- and/or 12-mo-outcome by the method of Cohen. We quantified the heterogeneity using the I-squared measure. RESULTS: We identified a total of 8 RCT for a qualitative review. From the initially selected trials, 5 met the criteria and were included in the meta-analysis. Patients' population ranged from 0.5 up to 35 years (n = 282). We detected a significant improvement in the gross motor function with a pooled standard mean difference of 0.95 (95% confidence interval: 0.13-1.76) favoring the stem cell group and a high heterogeneity (I 2 = 90.1%). Serious adverse events were rare and equally distributed among both intervention and control groups. CONCLUSION: Stem cell therapy for CP compared with symptomatic standard care only, shows a significant positive effect on the gross motor function, although the magnitude of the improvement is limited. Short-term safety is present and further high-quality RCTs are needed.

7.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31728665

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patient blood management [PBM] has been acknowledged and successfully introduced in a wide range of medical specialities, where blood transfusions are an important issue, including anaesthesiology, orthopaedic surgery, cardiac surgery, or traumatology. Although pregnancy and obstetrics have been recognized as a major field of potential haemorrhage and necessity of blood transfusions, there is still little awareness among obstetricians regarding the importance of PBM in this area. This review, therefore, summarizes the importance of PBM in obstetrics and the current evidence on this topic. METHOD: We review the current literature and summarize the current evidence of PBM in pregnant women and postpartum with a focus on postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) using PubMed as literature source. The literature was reviewed and analysed and conclusions were made by the Swiss PBM in obstetrics working group of experts in a consensus meeting. RESULTS: PBM comprises a series of measures to maintain an adequate haemoglobin level, improve haemostasis and reduce bleeding, aiming to improve patient outcomes. Despite the fact that the WHO has recommended PBM early 2010, the majority of hospitals are in need of guidelines to apply PBM in daily practice. PBM demonstrated a reduction in morbidity, mortality, and costs for patients undergoing surgery or medical interventions with a high bleeding potential. All pregnant women have a significant risk for PPH. Risk factors do exist; however, 60% of women who experience PPH do not have a pre-existing risk factor. Patient blood management in obstetrics must, therefore, not only be focused on women with identified risk factor for PPH, but on all pregnant women. Due to the risk of PPH, which is inherent to every pregnancy, PBM is of particular importance in obstetrics. Although so far, there is no clear guideline how to implement PBM in obstetrics, there are some simple, effective measures to reduce anaemia and the necessity of transfusions in women giving birth and thereby improving clinical outcome and avoiding complications. CONCLUSION: PBM in obstetrics is based on three main pillars: diagnostic and/or therapeutic interventions during pregnancy, during delivery and in the postpartum phase. These three main pillars should be kept in mind by all professionals taking care of pregnant women, including obstetricians, general practitioners, midwifes, and anaesthesiologists, to improve pregnancy outcome and optimize resources.

8.
Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol ; 223(5): 304-316, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623006

RESUMO

AIMS: This is an official guideline of the German Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (DGGG), the Austrian Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (ÖGGG) and the Swiss Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (SGGG). The aim of this guideline is to improve the prediction, prevention and management of preterm birth based on evidence obtained from recent scientific literature, the experience of the members of the guideline commission and the views of self-help groups. METHODS: Based on the international literature, the members of the participating medical societies and organizations developed Recommendations and Statements. These were adopted following a formal process (structured consensus conference with neutral moderation, voting was done in writing using the Delphi method to achieve consensus). RECOMMENDATIONS: Part I of this short version of the guideline lists Statements and Recommendations on the epidemiology, etiology, prediction and primary and secondary prevention of preterm birth.


Assuntos
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Nascimento Prematuro , Áustria , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/prevenção & controle , Prevenção Primária , Sistema de Registros , Prevenção Secundária , Sociedades Médicas
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587255

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Preterm birth is a major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. There is an urgent need to accurately predict imminent delivery to enable necessary interventions such as tocolytic, glucocorticoid, and magnesium sulfate administration. We aimed to evaluate placental α-macroglobulin-1 as a new diagnostic marker in the prediction of preterm birth. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a prospective observational trial in women with intact membranes between 24+0 and 36+6 weeks of gestation. We included both women with and without threatened preterm labor symptoms. We evaluated the test performance of placental α-macroglobulin-1 measurements in cervicovaginal fluid regarding three different presentation-to-delivery intervals: ≤2, ≤7, ≤14 days. In addition, we calculated placental α-macroglobulin-1 performance in combination with other prognostic factors such as ultrasonographic cervical length measurements. RESULTS: We included 126 women in the study. We detected high specificity (97%-98%) and negative predictive value (89%-97%) for placental α-macroglobulin-1 at all time intervals. We assessed placental α-macroglobulin-1 in combination with cervical length measurements (≤15 mm) in the sub-group of women presenting with threatened preterm labor symptoms (n = 63) and detected high positive predictive values (100%) for 7- and 14-day presentation-to-delivery intervals. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides evidence that placental α-macroglobulin-1 testing in cervicovaginal fluid, in combination with cervical length measurements, accurately predicts preterm birth in women with preterm labor symptoms. This novel test combination may be used clinically to triage women presenting with threatened preterm labor, avoiding overtreatment and unnecessary hospitalizations.

10.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 53(3): 508-517, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31502429

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Glucose transporter 9 (GLUT9/SLC2A9) is the major regulator of uric acid homeostasis in humans. Hyperuricemia due to impaired regulation by GLUT9 in pregnancy is closely associated with preeclampsia. While GLUT9 is expressed in two alternative splice variants, GLUT9a and GLUT9b, with different subcellular localizations, no functional differences of the two splice variants are known to date. The aim of this study was to investigate the function of both GLUT9 isoforms. METHODS: To characterize the different pharmacological properties of GLUT9a and GLUT9b electrophysiological studies of these isoforms and their modified variants, i.e. NmodGLUT9a and NmodGLUT9b, were performed using a Xenopus laevis oocytes model. Currents were measured by an electrode voltage clamp system. RESULTS: Functional experiments unveiled that uric acid transport mediated by GLUT9a but not GLUT9b is chloride-dependent: Replacing chloride by different anions resulted in a 3.43±0.63-fold increase of GLUT9a- but not GLUT9b-mediated currents. However, replacement by iodide resulted in a loss of current for GLUT9a but not GLUT9b. Iodide inhibits GLUT9a with an IC50 of 35.1±6.7µM. Modification of the N-terminal domain leads to a shift of the iodide IC50 to 1200±228µM. Using molecular docking studies, we identified two positively charged residues H23 and R31 in the N-terminal domain of hGLUT9a which can explain the observed functional differences. CONCLUSION: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study showing that the N-terminal domain of hGLUT9a has a unique regulatory function and the potential to interact with small negatively charged ions like iodide. These findings may have significant implications in our understanding of hyperuricemia-associated diseases, specifically during pregnancy.


Assuntos
Proteínas Facilitadoras de Transporte de Glucose/metabolismo , Pré-Eclâmpsia/sangue , Processamento Alternativo , Eletrofisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/sangue , Hiperuricemia/metabolismo , Iodetos/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Gravidez , Ácido Úrico/sangue
11.
Cells ; 8(8)2019 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31398924

RESUMO

Perinatal brain injury (PBI) in preterm birth is associated with substantial injury and dysmaturation of white and gray matter, and can lead to severe neurodevelopmental deficits. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) have been suggested to have neuroprotective effects in perinatal brain injury, in part through the release of extracellular vesicles like exosomes. We aimed to evaluate the neuroprotective effects of intranasally administered MSC-derived exosomes and their potential to improve neurodevelopmental outcome after PBI. Exosomes were isolated from human Wharton's jelly MSC supernatant using ultracentrifugation. Two days old Wistar rat pups were subjected to PBI by a combination of inflammation and hypoxia-ischemia. Exosomes were intranasally administered after the induction of inflammation and prior to ischemia, which was followed by hypoxia. Infrared-labeled exosomes were intranasally administered to track their distribution with a LI-COR scanner. Acute oligodendrocyte- and neuron-specific cell death was analyzed 24 h after injury in animals with or without MSC exosome application using terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay and immunohistochemical counterstaining. Myelination, mature oligodendroglial and neuronal cell counts were assessed on postnatal day 11 using immunohistochemistry, Western blot or RT-PCR. Morris water maze assay was used to evaluate the effect of MSC exosomes on long-term neurodevelopmental outcome 4 weeks after injury. We found that intranasally administered exosomes reached the frontal part of the brain within 30 min after administration and distributed throughout the whole brain after 3 h. While PBI was not associated with oligodendrocyte-specific cell death, it induced significant neuron-specific cell death which was substantially reduced upon MSC exosome application prior to ischemia. MSC exosomes rescued normal myelination, mature oligodendroglial and neuronal cell counts which were impaired after PBI. Finally, the application of MSC exosomes significantly improved learning ability in animals with PBI. In conclusion, MSC exosomes represent a novel prevention strategy with substantial clinical potential as they can be administered intranasally, prevent gray and white matter alterations and improve long-term neurodevelopmental outcome after PBI.

12.
Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd ; 79(8): 800-812, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31423016

RESUMO

Aims This is an official guideline of the German Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (DGGG), the Austrian Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (ÖGGG) and the Swiss Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (SGGG). The aim of this guideline is to improve the prediction, prevention and management of preterm birth based on evidence obtained from recent scientific literature, the experience of the members of the guideline commission and the views of self-help groups. Methods Based on the international literature, the members of the participating medical societies and organizations developed Recommendations and Statements. These were adopted following a formal process (structured consensus conference with neutral moderation, voting was done in writing using the Delphi method to achieve consensus). Recommendations Part I of this short version of the guideline lists Statements and Recommendations on the epidemiology, etiology, prediction and primary and secondary prevention of preterm birth.

13.
Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd ; 79(8): 813-833, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31423017

RESUMO

Aims This is an official guideline of the German Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (DGGG), the Austrian Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (ÖGGG) and the Swiss Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (SGGG). The aim of this guideline is to improve the prediction, prevention and management of preterm birth based on evidence obtained from recently published scientific literature, the experience of the members of the guideline commission and the views of self-help groups. Methods The members of the participating medical societies and organizations developed Recommendations and Statements based on the international literature. The Recommendations and Statements were adopted following a formal consensus process (structured consensus conference with neutral moderation, voting done in writing using the Delphi method to achieve consensus). Recommendations Part 2 of this short version of the guideline presents Statements and Recommendations on the tertiary prevention of preterm birth and the management of preterm premature rupture of membranes.

14.
Swiss Med Wkly ; 149: w20097, 2019 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269223

RESUMO

AIMS OF THE STUDY: Iron deficiency (ID) and iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) are important conditions affecting a large proportion of the general population, causing the patients physical and psychosomatic symptoms, particularly fatigue, and significantly affecting their quality of life. General practitioners (GPs) are frequently consulted with nonspecific symptoms due to the ID. However, little evidence is available to guide iron treatment. The aim of the Swiss Delphi study was to generate a broad consensual Swiss expert opinion in various therapeutic areas on diagnosis and treatment of ID/IDA and their practical implications. METHODS: Specific statements regarding clinical relevance, practical diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, and treatment were evaluated by Swiss experts in various therapeutic areas using the Delphi method. “Consensus” was defined as ≥80% agreement; the agreement of 50–79% was defined as “critical”, of <50% as “disagreement”. RESULTS: Consensus was reached for most statements. In patients without systemic inflammation, the threshold of 30 μg/l provide a good accuracy for the diagnosis of ID without anaemia. Ferritin levels within the range 30–50 μg/l with TSAT <20% can indicate ID without anaemia. Iron replacement therapy is accepted for treatment, not only of IDA, but also of symptomatic ID without anaemia. GPs play a central role in diagnosis and management of ID. CONCLUSIONS: This consensus study provides potential therapeutic strategies for management of iron deficiency and is based on opinions of a high number of contributing specialists, providing their views from a wide range of clinical perspectives.  .

15.
Transfus Apher Sci ; 58(4): 412-415, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31285133

RESUMO

Patient blood management (PBM) aims to reduce red blood cell transfusion, minimize preoperative anemia, reduce intraoperative blood loss as well as optimize hemostasis, and individually manage postoperative anemia. Benefits include improved clinical outcome with a reduction in patient morbidity and mortality, but also lower hospital costs and shorter hospital length of stay. To date, it has been successfully implemented in several medical specialties, such as cardiac, trauma and orthopedic surgery. In obstetrics, postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is one of the leading causes of maternal mortality. PBM has the potential to improve outcome of mother and child. However, pregnancy and childbirth pose a special challenge to PBM, and several adaptations compared to PBM in elective surgery are necessary. To date, awareness of the clinical advantages of PBM among obstetricians and midwifes regarding PBM and its concept in PPH is limited. In the following review, we therefore aim to present the current status quo in PBM in obstetrics and its challenges in the clinical routine.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Parto Obstétrico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Hemostasia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/terapia , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Mortalidade Materna , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/mortalidade
16.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 10(1): 105, 2019 03 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30898154

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preterm newborns are at high risk of developing neurodevelopmental deficits caused by neuroinflammation leading to perinatal brain injury. Human Wharton's jelly mesenchymal stem cells (hWJ-MSC) derived from the umbilical cord have been suggested to reduce neuroinflammation, in part through the release of extracellular vesicle-like exosomes. Here, we studied whether exosomes derived from hWJ-MSC have anti-inflammatory effects on microglia-mediated neuroinflammation in perinatal brain injury. METHODS: Using ultracentrifugation, we isolated exosomes from hWJ-MSC culture supernatants. In an in vitro model of neuroinflammation, we stimulated immortalized BV-2 microglia and primary mixed glial cells with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the presence or absence of exosomes. In vivo, we introduced brain damage in 3-day-old rat pups and treated them intranasally with hWJ-MSC-derived exosomes. RESULTS: hWJ-MSC-derived exosomes dampened the LPS-induced expression of inflammation-related genes by BV-2 microglia and primary mixed glial cells. The secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines by LPS-stimulated primary mixed glial was inhibited by exosomes as well. Exosomes interfered within the Toll-like receptor 4 signaling of BV-2 microglia, as they prevented the degradation of the NFκB inhibitor IκBα and the phosphorylation of molecules of the mitogen-activated protein kinase family in response to LPS stimulation. Finally, intranasally administered exosomes reached the brain and reduced microglia-mediated neuroinflammation in rats with perinatal brain injury. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that the administration of hWJ-MSC-derived exosomes represents a promising therapy to prevent and treat perinatal brain injury.

17.
Scand J Clin Lab Invest ; 79(1-2): 91-98, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30785340

RESUMO

Shrunken pore syndrome (SPS) is a condition that manifests itself as the decreased renal clearance of low-molecular-weight proteins but normal clearance of creatinine. Pregnant women with evidence of SPS during the first trimester have an increased risk of developing preeclampsia (PE). The nitric oxide (NO) metabolism markers arginine and ADMA, especially their ratio (Arg/ADMA), are recognized markers of endothelial dysfunction. The aim of this nested case-control study was to establish first-trimester reference intervals (RI) for markers of NO metabolism and to study these markers in women with evidence of SPS at the end of the first trimester. Seventy-four women were stratified in the first trimester according to evidence of SPS (SPS + or SPS-) and the occurrence of PE during subsequent pregnancy (PE + or PE-), as follows: SPS-/PE-, SPS+/PE-, SPS-/PE+, and SPS+/PE+. RIs were determined according to the CLSI EP28-A3c guidelines. Serum Arg and ADMA levels were analyzed. The Arg and ADMA concentrations did not differ among the four groups. However, women in the SPS+/PE + group had a significantly lower Arg/ADMA ratio than those in the other 3 groups (p = .02). In conclusion, we defined the first-trimester RI of Arg, ADMA and the Arg/ADMA ratio as markers of NO metabolism. Our results suggest that SPS in the first trimester predicts a pathophysiological hallmark of subsequent PE, i.e. lower NO production leading to increased vessel tone. Early identification of women at risk for later PE could lead to adaptive prophylactic interventions, such as supplementation with Arg or an NO-donor drug in order to mitigate the risk of developing PE.


Assuntos
Arginina/análogos & derivados , Arginina/sangue , Pré-Eclâmpsia/diagnóstico , Primeiro Trimestre da Gravidez/sangue , Insuficiência Renal/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Pré-Eclâmpsia/sangue , Pré-Eclâmpsia/etiologia , Gravidez , Insuficiência Renal/sangue , Insuficiência Renal/complicações
18.
Fetal Diagn Ther ; 46(4): 223-230, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30517923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Normal morphometry of the vermis and its relation to the posterior fossa (PF) rule out most major anomalies of the cerebellum. However, accurate categorization of the position and size of the fetal vermis remains a challenge. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to test a new method to assess the position and size of fetal vermis on 3-dimensional ultrasound (3D-US). METHODS: We measured the vermian-crest angle (VCA) in normal fetuses using multiplanar 3D-US. We also assessed the diameters (superoinferior, anteroposterior, and horizontal) and volume of the vermis. The Spearman rank test and linear and polynomial regression analyses were used for statistical purposes. RESULTS: We included 126 fetuses. Mean ± SD gestational age (GA) was 26.3 ± 4.6 (range 17-35.5) weeks. Mean ± SD superoinferior, anteroposterior, and horizontal diameters were 16.2 ± 4.9, 11.2 ± 3.6, and 5.6 ± 1.6 mm, respectively. Median (range) vermian volume was 0.50 (0.05-2.9) cm3. The VCA was 64.49° ± 11.45. We found no correlation between GA and VCA (r = 0.15; p = 0.13), a linear correlation between GA and vermian diameters, and a quadratic correlation between GA and vermian volume. CONCLUSIONS: We provide a new method to assess vermian position and size within the PF using 3D-US. The combined information may be of value for screening purposes, particularly to differentiate between the various pathological situations encountered within the PF.

19.
J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord ; 7(1): 122-125, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30385135

RESUMO

Catheter-directed thrombolysis for iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT) aims to reduce acute leg symptoms and to prevent the post-thrombotic syndrome. There are no data from controlled trials in pregnant patients. Reports of thrombolysis for treatment of DVT during pregnancy are scarce. Pregnancy is considered a relative contraindication to thrombolytic therapy because of the risk of bleeding and concerns about the effects of radiation exposure on the fetus. We report on a catheter-directed thrombolysis procedure without radiation and contrast medium exposure in a first-trimester pregnant patient with massive iliofemoral DVT and free-floating thrombus extending to the suprarenal inferior vena cava.

20.
Fetal Diagn Ther ; 45(5): 325-331, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30001539

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Anomalies in cortical development are often associated with an adverse outcome, but prenatal diagnosis is often impeded by the limited knowledge about normal sulci biometries throughout fetal brain development. Our aim was to provide two-dimensional ultrasonographical (2D US) nomograms of the depth of the Sylvian fissure (SF) and insular lobe (IL), as well as of the SF ratio throughout gestation in a large number of fetuses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cross-sectional study of 329 normal singleton pregnancies. Measurements of the SF, IL, and SF ratio were obtained in a standard transthalamic plane of the fetal head. The SF ratio was defined as SF\SF + IL. All measurements were expressed by regression equations as a function of gestational age (GA) according to the method described by Royston and Wright. The first 38 measurements were repeated twice by 2 examiners to assess the reproducibility through the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). RESULTS: A significant correlation was found between GA and SF (r = 0.79; p < 0.0001) as well as IL (r = 0.77; p < 0.0001). Similarly, the SF ratio also showed a significant correlation with GA (r = 0.39; p < 0.0001). When interobserver variability was assessed, ICC was 0.97. CONCLUSIONS: Prenatal 2D US measurements of SF and IL as well as the SF ratio may be feasible and reproducible using a standard view of the fetal head. Our nomograms may be used as a reference for assessing cortical development throughout pregnancy.


Assuntos
Aqueduto do Mesencéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Córtex Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Desenvolvimento Fetal/fisiologia , Idade Gestacional , Nomogramas , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/métodos , Adulto , Aqueduto do Mesencéfalo/embriologia , Córtex Cerebral/embriologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
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