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Microsc Res Tech ; 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951088


This study was conducted with the tongue samples of different life stages of hilsa, that is, adult Marine hilsa, adult Riverine hilsa, and Riverine juvenile hilsa, respectively. Three types of taste buds (Types I, II, and III based on their elevation from the epithelium at different levels) of the tongue, which may be to ensure full utilization of the gustatory ability of the fish were rocorded. Presence of specific taste buds indicate that the fish hilsa dwells in turbid waters with a possible preference toward diatom like planktonic food source. Enhanced expression of taste receptors (T1R1 and T1R3) and associated stimulatory G-proteins subunits on tongue also indicate occurrence of amino acid like substances that guided sensory cues for feeding by this fish. A firm regularity or stringency of the free surface of the epithelial cells may be attributed to compactly arranged microridges. These structures protect against physical abrasions potentially caused during food manoeuvring and swallowing. In our present observations, the surface architectures of the tongue of hilsa are discussed within the background of migratory adaptation of the species in the context of feeding and habitat preferences.

Environ Monit Assess ; 190(11): 689, 2018 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30377842


Microplankton population of Asia's largest coastal lagoon Chilika was studied for five major groups, bacillariophyceae, cyanophyceae, chlorophyceae, dinophyceae, rotifera, and tintinninae. The study reported presence of 233 species of microplankton whose average annual abundance was 1631 cells/l. The physicochemical parameters contributing to the spatio-temporal fluctuations in microplankton diversity, abundance, and community structure were identified as salinity, pH, DO, nitrate, and silicate. Salinity, transparency, depth, and silicate most explained the abundance of bacillariophyceae; nitrate, pH, and DO influenced cyanophyceae; salinity, transparency, and chlorophyll concentration influenced chlorophyceae; salinity, depth, and water temperature influenced dinophyceae; salinity, free CO2, and nitrate-influenced rotifers, whereas salinity, pH, DO, and depth influenced tintinnids. Biotic-abiotic relationships revealed particular preference of environmental conditions at species level in groups like bacillariophyceae, cyanophyceae, and dinophyceae. Although the lagoon is shallow, bacillariophyceae-environment interaction showed depth can be a critical factor for species like Aulocoseira sp., Amphipleura sp., and Rhophalodia sp. Species of dinoflagellates like Dinophysis caudata, Noctiluca scintillans, and Protoperidinium proliferated in lower level of silicate. Unlike other cyanophyceae species Streptococcus sp., Chroococcus sp., Diplococcus sp., Aphanocapsa sp., and Gloeocapsa sp. were negatively influenced by nitrate concentration. The study provides better scope for ecological management of the lagoon with respect to conserving biodiversity and hydrological quality of the ecosystem.

Cianobactérias/isolamento & purificação , Diatomáceas/isolamento & purificação , Dinoflagelados/isolamento & purificação , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Plâncton/classificação , Rotíferos/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Biodiversidade , Clorofila/análise , Ecossistema , Índia , Nitratos/análise , Salinidade , Estações do Ano , Temperatura Ambiente
Microsc Res Tech ; 81(10): 1122-1131, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30238561


The histological as well as ultramicroscopic structures of olfactory system of an amphihaline migratory fish hilsa Tenualosa ilisha, were studied. The sexually matured riverine fish were collected from a common breeding habitat-the Hooghly, a tributary of river Ganga, West Bengal, India. This study revealed that the riverine hilsa has larger olfactory bulb compared to marine hilsa with the olfactory lobes well exposed through nostrils. The olfactory lamellae (OL) are 40-45 in number and posses three distinct layers of sensory cells across each lamellae, namely, outer receptor cells (RC), middle sensory cells, and inner basal cells (BC). Besides the above arrangement, the sensory part of olfactory epithelium (OE) also bears rich microvillous cells exposed to the surface of the OE. The sensory and non-sensory surfaces on OL are distinguishable, with clear dendritic cells on sensory epithelium and solitary chemosensory cells on non sensory OE. Abundance of both types of cells in the OE is an indication of its chemoattraction ability towards molecules of amino acid origin. The feature of having abundant, dense, and large dendritic knobs on the surface of OE describes resemblance to the typical morphology of the chemosensory septal organs neuron. The expression of four G protein subunits, like Gαs/olf, Gαq, Gαo, and Gαi-3 in OE indicate that its olfaction is a functional attributes of two olfactory systems, namely main olfactory system and Vomaronasal Olfactory System. Expression of ACIII and PLCß2 in OE further confirms two signaling pathways involved in odorant reception in hilsa. RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS: The olfactory bulb in the amphihaline migratory fish hilsa is big in size, with 40-45 lamellae. Its sensory areas showed multilayered cellular features with prominent sensory as well as microvillous cells, whereas non-sensory area possesses solitary chemosensory cells. The expression of four G protein subunits, Gαs/olf, Gαq, Gαo, and Gαi-3 in olfactory epithelium indicates that its olfaction is a functional attributes of two olfactory systems, namely main olfactory system and vomaronasal olfactory system.

Células Quimiorreceptoras/fisiologia , Bulbo Olfatório/anatomia & histologia , Córtex Olfatório/anatomia & histologia , Mucosa Olfatória/anatomia & histologia , Migração Animal/fisiologia , Animais , Peixes/anatomia & histologia , Imunofluorescência , Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Índia , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Neurônios Receptores Olfatórios/fisiologia