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J Colloid Interface Sci ; 488: 246-250, 2017 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27835818


We present a new ternary semiconductor absorber material - Pb1-xSnxS - for solar cells. Pb1-xSnxS nanocrystals (NCs) were synthesized using the successive ionic layer adsorption reaction (SILAR) process. Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy revealed the Sn ratio for a sample prepared with five SILAR cycles to be x=0.55 (i.e. non-stoichiometric formula Pb0.45Sn0.55S). The optical spectra revealed that the energy gap Eg of the Pb1-xSnxS NCs decreased with an increasing number of SILAR cycles n, with Eg=1.67eV for the sample with n=5. Liquid-junction Pb1-xSnxS quantum dot-sensitized solar cells were fabricated using the polysulfide electrolyte. The best cell yielded a short-circuit current density Jsc of 10.1mA/cm2, an open circuit voltage of 0.43V, a fill factor FF of 50% and an efficiency of 2.17% under 1 sun. The external quantum efficiency spectrum (EQE) covered a spectral range of 300-800nm with a maximum EQE of ∼67% at λ=650nm. At the reduced light of 0.1 sun, the efficiency increased to 3.31% (with a normalized Jsc=17.7mA/cm2) - a respectable efficiency for a new sensitizer. This work demonstrates that Pb1-xSnxS shows potential as a solar cell absorber.

J Colloid Interface Sci ; 473: 60-5, 2016 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27054767


This work investigates the synthesis and application in solar cells of a novel solar absorber material CuBiS2. Ternary copper chalcogenide CuBiS2 nanoparticles were grown on a mesoporous TiO2 electrode by the chemical bath deposition (CBD) method. The synthesized CuBiS2 nanoparticles, size 5-10nm, have an energy gap Eg of 2.1eV. Liquid-junction quantum dot-sensitized solar cells were fabricated from the CuBiS2-sensitized electrode using a polysulfide electrolyte. Three types of counter electrodes (CEs) - Pt, Au and Cu2S - were tested. The photovoltaic performance depends on the CBD reaction time and the CE. The best cell, obtained with the Cu2S CE, exhibited the photovoltaic performance of a short-circuit current density Jsc of 6.87mA/cm(2), an open-circuit voltage Voc of 0.25V, a fill factor FF of 36% and a power conversion efficiency η of 0.62%. The present work demonstrates the feasibility of CuBiS2 as a solar energy material.