Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 10 de 10
Filtrar
Filtros adicionais











Tipo de estudo
País/Região como assunto
Intervalo de ano
1.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(3): 541-548, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1012322

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objectives: To investigate whether Glasgow Prognostic Score has prognostic significance in patients with upper urinary urothelial carcinoma. Patients and methods: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of 74 patients with upper urinary urothelial carcinoma. We set the cut-off value for C-reactive protein as 1.0mg/dL, and 3.5mg/dL for albumin as Glasgow Prognostic Score. Their blood data including albumin and C-reactive protein for Glasgow Prognostic Score and cytokeratin 19 fragment 21-1 as a tumor marker were measured before starting treatment. The patients were stratified into three groups with Glasgow Prognostic Score: The Group-1, albumin ≥3.5g/dL and C-reactive protein < 1.0mg/dL; Group-2, albumin < 3.5g/dL or C-reactive protein ≥1.0mg/dL; Group-3, albumin < 3.5g/dL and C-reactive protein ≥1.0mg/dL. Results: The median follow-up for all patients was 26.9 months (range: 10.9-91.1 months), during which 37 (50%) patients died. There was a significant difference in the estimated survival rate among the 3 groups stratified by Glasgow Prognostic Score. The estimated survival rate in the Group-1 was significantly higher than those in Groups 2 and 3. In the univariate analysis C-reactive protein, serum cytokeratin 19 fragment 21-1 and Glasgow Prognostic Score were significant predictors of overall survival. On the multivariate analysis, serum cytokeratin 19 fragment 21-1 and Glasgow Prognostic Score were independently associated with shorter overall survival. Conclusion: Our review suggests Glasgow Prognostic Score may play as a prognostic predictor for upper urinary urothelial carcinoma.

2.
Int Braz J Urol ; 45(3): 541-548, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31038863

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether Glasgow Prognostic Score has prognostic significance in patients with upper urinary urothelial carcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of 74 patients with upper urinary urothelial carcinoma. We set the cut-off value for C-reactive protein as 1.0mg/dL, and 3.5mg/dL for albumin as Glasgow Prognostic Score. Their blood data including albumin and C-reactive protein for Glasgow Prognostic Score and cytokeratin 19 fragment 21-1 as a tumor marker were measured before starting treatment. The patients were stratified into three groups with Glasgow Prognostic Score: The Group-1, albumin ≥3.5g/dL and C-reactive protein < 1.0mg/dL; Group-2, albumin < 3.5g/dL or C-reactive protein ≥1.0mg/dL; Group-3, albumin < 3.5g/dL and C-reactive protein ≥1.0mg/dL. RESULTS: The median follow-up for all patients was 26.9 months (range: 10.9-91.1 months), during which 37 (50%) patients died. There was a signifi cant difference in the estimated survival rate among the 3 groups stratified by Glasgow Prognostic Score. The estimated survival rate in the Group-1 was significantly higher than those in Groups 2 and 3. In the univariate analysis C-reactive protein, serum cytokeratin 19 fragment 21-1 and Glasgow Prognostic Score were significant predictors of overall survival. On the multivariate analysis, serum cytokeratin 19 fragment 21-1 and Glasgow Prognostic Score were independently associated with shorter overall survival. CONCLUSION: Our review suggests Glasgow Prognostic Score may play as a prognostic predictor for upper urinary urothelial carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/sangue , Neoplasias Urológicas/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos de Neoplasias/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Carcinoma/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Queratina-19/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Albumina Sérica/análise , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Neoplasias Urológicas/patologia , Urotélio/patologia
4.
Hinyokika Kiyo ; 57(6): 315-8, 2011 Jun.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21795834

RESUMO

The patient was a 43-year-old woman who underwent detailed examinations for a retroperitoneal cystic lesion that was incidentally found during orthopedic treatment. Although the tumor was a non-functioning tumor, and diagnostic imaging was negative for malignancy, the tumor was surgically resected with a flank incision. The histopathological diagnosis was adrenal pseudocyst.


Assuntos
Doenças das Glândulas Suprarrenais/cirurgia , Cistos/cirurgia , Adulto , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Endócrinos/métodos , Feminino , Hemorragia/cirurgia , Humanos , Espaço Retroperitoneal
5.
Int J Urol ; 18(1): 43-7, 2011 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21070384

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The prognosis for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma is generally poorer than that for bladder cancer, and prognostic predictors with a high specificity for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UUT-UC) are needed to optimize treatment. In fact, the only preoperative predictor currently available is C-reactive protein. In the present study, we investigated the usefulness of pretreatment serum CYFRA 21-1 as a new prognostic predictor in UUT-UC. METHODS: A total of 45 UUT-UC patients for whom serum CYFRA 21-1 was measured before treatment were included in this retrospective analysis. Patients were separated into high and low serum CYFRA 21-1 groups based on a cut-off value of 2.7 ng/mL determined from a receiver operating characteristic curve. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were calculated and the overall survival rate was statistically analyzed for the high and low pretreatment serum CYFRA 21-1 groups using the log-rank test. Multivariable analysis was carried out using the Cox proportional hazards analysis. RESULTS: By the median follow-up period of 14.4 months, 20 patients (44.4%) had died. Of the 45 patients, 23 (51.1%) were in the high pretreatment serum CYFRA 21-1 group, and the overall survival rate of this group was significantly lower (P < 0.001). Multivariable analysis identified only distant metastasis (P < 0.001) and pretreatment serum CYFRA 21-1 (P = 0.039) as independent prognostic predictors. Distant metastasis did not significantly differ between the two groups or correlate with pretreatment serum CYFRA 21-1. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that pretreatment serum CYFRA 21-1 values could serve as a prognostic predictor of UUT-UC.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma/sangue , Queratina-19/sangue , Neoplasias Urológicas/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma/diagnóstico , Carcinoma/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Urológicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Urológicas/mortalidade
6.
Nihon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi ; 101(4): 592-6, 2010 May.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20535986

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to analyze the incidence of involvement of ipsilateral adrenal gland from renal cell carcinoma and assess the actual significance of ipsilateral adrenalectomy at nephrectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 1981 to 2007, 588 patients were diagnosed as having renal cell carcinoma pathologically at our institution. Of those patients, we retrospectively reviewed the clinicopathologic data in the 426 renal cell carcinoma patients who were eligible for evaluation. Of the 426 patients, 193 (AD group) and the remaining 233 (AS group) underwent radical or partial nephrectomy with or without adrenalectomy, respectively. RESULTS: Five patients (2.6%) of AD group had adrenal involvement and all of them presented T4 and/or M1 disease. The three patients presented direct involvement of adrenal gland, while metastasis in the remaining 2. All the 5 patients had disease progression after surgery and 4 of them died of disease. The remaining one patient, in whom interferon showed a remarkable response, has been alive with disease for 31 months. The ipsilateral adrenal gland was abnormal on preoperative computed tomography (CT) in 8 patients (1.8%), of whom, 4 had adrenal involvement. One of the five adrenal involvements was overlooked by CT. Thus, in this study, CT showed 80% sensitivity, 98% specificity, 99% negative predictive value and 50% positive predictive value. The 18 patients (7.7%) in AS group later developed nodal and/or visceral metastasis, while no solitary ipsilateral adrenal recurrence was observed in this group. CONCLUSIONS: Ipsilateral adrenal involvement from renal cell carcinoma is rare, especially after the adrenal-sparing surgery. It is concluded that concomitant adrenalectomy appears to give a very limited therapeutic benefit in this


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/patologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/secundário , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/cirurgia , Adrenalectomia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/diagnóstico , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Nefrectomia , Prognóstico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
7.
Urology ; 75(3): 713-7, 2010 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19942268

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To present a novel technique to prevent inguinal hernias after radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP). The incidence of inguinal hernia after RRP has been reported to occur in the range 12%-21%. Indirect hernias are more common than direct hernias after RRP. METHODS: A total of 569 Japanese patients with prostate cancer underwent antegrade RRP between January 2001 and February 2007. Since February 2006, 138 patients underwent procedures for concurrent inguinal hernia prevention at the time of RRP. For hernia prevention, the processus vaginalis was ligated close to the peritoneal cavity and transected. The remaining 431 patients who underwent the same RRP procedures without hernia prevention were considered control group. The incidence rates of postoperative inguinal hernia in the 2 groups were statistically compared. RESULTS: An inguinal hernia developed postoperatively in 105 (24%) of the 431 control patients during follow-up of median 42 months. Hernia-free survival rates were 87%, 81%, and 77%, for 1-, 2-, and 3-year, respectively. By contrast, 2 of the 138 patients (1.4%) who underwent hernia prevention developed an inguinal hernia during follow-up of median 24 months. Hernia-free survival rates were both 99% for 1- and 2-year (P <.0001). The hernia prevention procedure added approximately 10 minutes to the surgery time. There were no significant complications associated with the hernia prevention procedure. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that this prophylactic measure is safe and effective to prevent post-RRP inguinal hernias. However, a longer follow-up period is needed to confirm the results.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal/etiologia , Hérnia Inguinal/prevenção & controle , Prostatectomia/efeitos adversos , Prostatectomia/métodos , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos
8.
BJU Int ; 103(5): 620-4, 2009 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18990143

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the rate of objective response and the skeletal-related event (SRE)-free survival after combined therapy with radiotherapy (RT) and zoledronate in patients with bone metastases from renal cell carcinoma (RCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 23 patients with RCC metastatic to bone were included in this retrospective study, of whom 13 had RT to bone metastases with no bisphosphonate therapy between 2000 and 2006, while the remaining 10 had combined therapy with RT and zoledronate (RT + Z) in 2006 and 2007. Significant calcifications of osteolytic metastases and/or shrinkage of bone lesions, as measured by computed tomography, were defined as a partial response. SREs were defined as any of pathological fracture, spinal cord compression, bone surgery, or additional RT to the bone. RESULTS: In the RT + Z group, six patients had a partial response, showing evidence of calcification of their osteolytic bone metastases, while in the RT group, only one patient did (P = 0.019). One patient in the RT + Z group had an SRE, while 10 in the RT group had SREs (P = 0.003). The median SRE-free survival time was not reached in the RT + Z group, but in the RT group it was 18.7 months (P = 0.046). CONCLUSION: Combined therapy as RT + Z achieved a higher objective response rate (six of 10) and prolonged SRE-free survival than RT alone in patients with bone metastases from RCC.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas , Carcinoma de Células Renais , Difosfonatos/uso terapêutico , Imidazóis/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Renais , Idoso , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ósseas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/radioterapia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/secundário , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Ácido Zoledrônico
9.
Int J Urol ; 15(10): 895-9, 2008 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18721204

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of lymphovascular invasion (LVI) in radical prostatectomy (RP) specimens with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) failure in patients with pT3aN0 prostate cancer (PCA). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of 94 patients with pT3aN0 PCA treated with RP alone. All of the 94 patients were prospectively observed without any treatment until PSA failure was confirmed. We investigated the association of LVI with the adverse pathological findings in RP specimens and the PSA failure-free survival rate. The Cox proportional hazard model was used to elucidate predictors of PSA failure. RESULTS: Median follow up was 47.4 months (quartile range 9.1 to 146.8). LVI was found in 26 (27.7%) of the 94 patients. In a multivariate analysis, PSA (P = 0.0054) and LVI (P = 0.015) were significant and independent predictors of PSA failure. Stratifying patients into four risk groups by LVI status and PSA level, the PSA failure-free survival rate in patients with negative LVI and PSA < or =10 ng/mL was significantly better than any other groups (positive LVI and/or PSA >10 ng/mL). CONCLUSIONS: Adjuvant therapy would not be indicated to patients with pT3aN0 PCA with negative LVI and PSA < or =10 ng/mL.


Assuntos
Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Idoso , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Falha de Tratamento , Neoplasias Vasculares/patologia
10.
Int J Urol ; 15(6): 546-7, 2008 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18489646

RESUMO

Bisphosphonates (BP) are inhibitors of bone-resorption and have become the current standard of care for preventing skeletal complications associated with bone metastases. Although previous reports have also suggested potent antitumor, antiangiogenic and immunomodulatory properties of BP, there is debate about the clinical relevance of experimental in vitro and in vivo findings. We report a renal cell carcinoma case in which multiple lung and bone metastases displayed remarkable remission to BP therapy using 30 mg pamidronate once, 4 mg zoledronate once, and weekly 10 mg incadronate 10 times for 3 months. This is the first case report to demonstrate that BP therapy is effective to non-osseous visceral metastasis as well as bone metastases in the clinical setting.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/secundário , Difosfonatos/uso terapêutico , Imidazóis/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pamidronato , Ácido Zoledrônico
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA