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1.
J Hepatol ; 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33762167

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: A fully automated, novel high-sensitivity hepatitis B core-related antigen assay (iTACT-HBcrAg) has been developed. We demonstrate the clinical utility of iTACT-HBcrAg for monitoring chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and early detection of hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation. METHODS: After fundamental assessments, the clinical performance of iTACT-HBcrAg was compared with other HBV markers. 1) Of our CHB patients, serial sera, available from 161 HBeAg-negative CHB patients with persistently undetectable HBV DNA, were measured by iTACT-HBcrAg and a conventional HBcrAg assay (G-HBcrAg). 2) Serial sera from 13 HBV-reactivated patients were measured by iTACT-HBcrAg and ultra-high-sensitivity hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) immune complex transfer-chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay (lower limit of detection; 0.0005 IU/mL, ICT-CLEIA) for comparison with HBV DNA detection. 3) To elucidate the various HBcrAg components iTACT-HBcrAg detected, OptiPrep density gradient centrifugation analysis was performed on sera obtained before and after HBV reactivation. RESULTS: The analytical performance of iTACT-HBcrAg was satisfactory. The sensitivity of iTACT-HBcrAg (2.1 Log U/mL) was approximately 10-fold greater than that of G-HBcrAg (2.8 Log U/mL). 1) HBcrAg was detectable in 97.5% (157/161) sera of CHB patients by iTACT-HBcrAg, of which 75.2% (121/161) had ≥2.8 Log U/mL HBcrAg; and 22.4% (36/161) had 2.1-2.8 Log U/mL HBcrAg, which was undetectable by G-HBcrAg. 2) Nine and 2 of 13 HBV-reactivated patients were HBcrAg-positive by iTACT-HBcrAg before and at HBV DNA positivity, respectively. Seven and 4 were HBcrAg-positive by iTACT-HBcrAg before and at being HBsAg-positive by ICT-CLEIA, respectively. 3) The HBcrAg detected before HBV reactivation by iTACT-HBcrAg was contained in empty particles (22-KDa precore protein). CONCLUSIONS: iTACT-HBcrAg should be of increased benefit for monitoring novel anti-HBV treatments for HBeAg-negative patients and early detection of HBV reactivation.

2.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(17): 9427-9432, 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33576120

RESUMO

Cyclo-dehydrogenation is of importance to induce the planarization of molecules on noble surfaces upon annealing. In contrast to a number of successful syntheses of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by forming carbon-carbon bonds, it is still rare to conduct conjugation and cleavage of carbon-nitrogen bonds in molecules. Here, we present a systematic transformation of the C-N bonds in11,11,12,12-tetraphenyl-1,4,5,8-tetraazaanthraquinodimethane as well as three other derivatives on Au(111). With bond-resolved scanning tunneling microscopy, we discovered novel the "heterocyclic segregation" reaction of one pyrazine ring with two nitrogen atoms to form two quinoline rings with one nitrogen each. Density functional theory calculations showed that the intramolecular ring-forming and -opening of N-heterocycles are strongly affected by the initial hydrogen-substrate interaction.

3.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(9): 3306-3311, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33636078

RESUMO

Octaaryl-substituted bisquinodimethanes (BQDs) with a zigzag structure were designed as redox-switchable molecules that undergo four-electron oxidation to produce tetracationic pentacenes with a doubly twisted structure. In contrast to one-stage four-electron oxidation of BQDs, stepwise two-electron reduction of tetracationic pentacenes occurs to give dicationic anthracenes and then the original BQDs, step-by-step. Since both tetracations and dications exhibit near-infrared (NIR) absorptions (-1400 nm) based on an intramolecular charge-transfer interaction, changes in not only their structures but also their UV-vis-NIR spectra can be controlled by redox stimuli. In this Communication, we present an unprecedented one-step π-extension to pentacene from non-fused benzene rings by oxidation, and subsequent two-stage deannulation to benzene rings via anthracene upon reduction. All structures were determined by single-crystal X-ray analyses, and their properties were characterized by spectroscopic and theoretical studies.

4.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(76): 11203-11206, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32969426

RESUMO

Essential components of the human circadian clock, BMAL1 and CLOCK, which are intrinsically disordered transcription factors, were expressed and subjected to a fluorescent in vitro binding assay using an E-box DNA fragment. Screening of a chemical library identified 5,8-quinoxalinedione (1), which was found to inhibit binding of the heterodimer BMAL1/CLOCK to E-box at low micromolar concentrations.

5.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(49): 22252-22257, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32830906

RESUMO

Since carbon-carbon (C-C) covalent bonds are rigid and robust, the bond length is, in general, nearly constant and depends only on the bond order and hybrid orbitals. We report herein direct visualization of the reversible expansion and contraction of a C(sp3 )-C(sp3 ) single bond by light and heat. This flexibility of a C-C bond was demonstrated by X-ray analysis and Raman spectroscopy of hexaphenylethane (HPE)-type hydrocarbons with two spiro-dibenzocycloheptatriene units, the intramolecular [2+2] photocyclization of which and thermal cleavage of the resulting cyclobutane ring both occur in a single-crystalline phase. The force constant of the contracted C-C bond is 1.6 times greater than that of the expanded bond. Since formation of the cyclobutane ring and contraction of the C-C bond lower the HOMO level by approximately 1 eV, the oxidative properties of these HPEs with a flexible C-C bond can be deactivated/activated by light/heat.

6.
Eur J Pediatr ; 179(12): 1901-1907, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862279

RESUMO

Little is known whether 2-g/kg IVIG is necessary for older children with Kawasaki disease (KD), because they could have more complications and financial burden. The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes between high- and low-dose IVIG in KD children with higher body weight (25 kg or more), using a national inpatient database in Japan from 2010 to 2017. We identified those receiving 2-g/kg and 1-g/kg IVIG as an initial treatment. Outcomes included the proportions of coronary artery abnormality (CAA) formation, IVIG resistance, adverse effects, length of stay, and medical costs. A propensity score matching analysis was conducted to compare the outcomes between the groups. We identified 1332 patients with KD and created 4:1 propensity score-matched pairs between high- and low-dose IVIG groups. There were no significant differences in the proportions of CAA (5.3% vs. 4.1%; p = 0.587), IVIG resistance, and length of stay. Medical costs were significantly higher in the high-dose group than in the low-dose group (p < 0.001).Conclusion: No significant difference was shown between the high- and low-dose IVIG groups in the proportions of outcomes, while medical costs were higher in the high-dose group. Further studies are needed to ascertain the appropriate IVIG dose in older patients with KD. What is Known: • For treatments of Kawasaki disease at any age in the acute phase, 2-g/kg single-dose intravenous immunoglobulin and aspirin have been the most recommended to reduce fever early and prevent complications of coronary artery abnormalities. What is New: • There was no significant difference in outcomes between children with Kawasaki disease weighing ≥ 25 kg treated with high-dose or low-dose IVIG in terms of coronary artery abnormalities, IVIG resistance, adverse effects, and length of stay, except for medical costs.

7.
FASEB J ; 34(8): 10778-10800, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32619061

RESUMO

Chronic graft-vs-host disease (cGVHD) is a multifactorial inflammatory disease that affects patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Multiple organs, including the lacrimal glands (LGs), are negatively affected by cGVHD and lose function due to the resultant fibrosis. An abnormal immune response is thought to be a major factor in the development of chronic ocular GVHD, which is currently treated primarily with immunosuppressive therapies. However, all the treatments yield unsatisfactory outcomes, and additional treatment strategies are needed. To meet this unmet medical need, we aimed to elucidate an additional pathway of chronic ocular GVHD. Our findings suggest a potential association between chronic ocular GVHD pathogenesis and stress-induced cellular senescence through the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). Senescent cells produce cytokines and chemokines, such as IL-6 and CXCL9. Indeed, senescent cell accumulation was presumably associated with cGVHD development in LGs, as evidenced by the improvement in LGs after the selective elimination of senescent cells (senolysis) with ABT-263. Results in the sclerodermatous cGVHD mouse model suggest that inhibiting the major components of the SASP, including IL-6 and CXCL9, with senolytics is a potential novel strategy for treating cGVHD-affected LGs. Taken together, our results indicate a potential association between the SASP and cGVHD development in LGs and suggest that targeted senolytic treatment may be a new therapeutic option for this disease.

8.
Chem Asian J ; 15(7): 1147-1155, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32030909

RESUMO

When the 1,1,4,4-tetraanilinobutadiene skeleton is attached with two halogenated aryl units at the 2,3-positions, they undergo facile two-electron oxidation to give stable dicationic dyes which exhibit a near-infrared (NIR) absorption whereas the neutral dienes show only pale color. Therefore, a distinct electrochromic response with an absorption change in the NIR region is achieved, which is attracting considerable recent attention from the viewpoint of bioimaging. Herein, we demonstrate that the redox potentials of the 1,1,4,4-tetraanilinobutadiene can be precisely controlled by the donating properties of the amino group on the aniline unit as well as the number of halogen atoms on the aryl units at 2,3-positions on the butadiene. In contrast, the NIR absorption bands mainly depend on the number of halogen atoms irrespective to the donating properties of aniline unit. Thus, the hexaarylbutadiene skeleton is proven to be a versatile scaffold to develop less-explored organic NIR electrochromic materials, whose redox and spectroscopic properties can be finely tuned by modifying/attaching the proper substituents.

9.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 446, 2020 01 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31974383

RESUMO

Afterglow luminescent probes with high signal-to-background ratio show promise for in vivo imaging; however, such probes that can be selectively delivered into target sites and switch on afterglow luminescence remain limited. We optimize an organic electrochromic material and integrate it into near-infrared (NIR) photosensitizer (silicon 2,3-naphthalocyanine bis(trihexylsilyloxide) and (poly[2-methoxy-5-(2-ethylhexyloxy)-1,4-phenylenevinylene]) containing nanoparticles, developing an H2S-activatable NIR afterglow probe (F12+-ANP). F12+-ANP displays a fast reaction rate (1563 ± 141 M-1 s-1) and large afterglow turn-on ratio (~122-fold) toward H2S, enabling high-sensitivity and -specificity measurement of H2S concentration in bloods from healthy persons, hepatic or colorectal cancer patients. We further construct a hepatic-tumor-targeting and H2S-activatable afterglow probe (F12+-ANP-Gal) for noninvasive, real-time imaging of tiny subcutaneous HepG2 tumors (<3 mm in diameter) and orthotopic liver tumors in mice. Strikingly, F12+-ANP-Gal accurately delineates tumor margins in excised hepatic cancer specimens, which may facilitate intraoperative guidance of hepatic cancer surgery.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/análise , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Substâncias Luminescentes/química , Imagem Molecular/métodos , Animais , Neoplasias Colorretais/sangue , Cistationina beta-Sintase/análise , Cistationina beta-Sintase/metabolismo , Cistationina gama-Liase/análise , Cistationina gama-Liase/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/sangue , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/química , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/diagnóstico por imagem , Substâncias Luminescentes/síntese química , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Nanopartículas/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Polímeros/química , Compostos de Vinila/química , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
10.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(16): 6581-6584, 2020 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31930668

RESUMO

Thermally switchable redox properties have been reported to be due to a change in the spin state of newly designed overcrowded ethylenes, which can adopt closed-shell folded and open-shell twisted forms. In this study, tetrathienylanthraquinodimethane derivatives were designed to be in thermal equilibrium between a more stable folded form and less stable but more donating twisted diradical in solution, so that the oxidation potential can be controlled by heating/cooling. This is the first example of a switching of redox properties based on a thermally equilibrated twisted diradical, which can be more readily oxidized to the twisted dication.

11.
Plant J ; 101(5): 1118-1134, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31639235

RESUMO

In Arabidopsis, the ASYMMETRIC LEAVES2 (AS2) protein plays a key role in the formation of flat symmetric leaves via direct repression of the abaxial gene ETT/ARF3. AS2 encodes a plant-specific nuclear protein that contains the AS2/LOB domain, which includes a zinc-finger (ZF) motif that is conserved in the AS2/LOB family. We have shown that AS2 binds to the coding DNA of ETT/ARF3, which requires the ZF motif. AS2 is co-localized with AS1 in perinucleolar bodies (AS2 bodies). To identify the amino acid signals in AS2 required for formation of AS2 bodies and function(s) in leaf formation, we constructed recombinant DNAs that encoded mutant AS2 proteins fused to yellow fluorescent protein. We examined the subcellular localization of these proteins in cells of cotyledons and leaf primordia of transgenic plants and cultured cells. The amino acid signals essential for formation of AS2 bodies were located within and adjacent to the ZF motif. Mutant AS2 that failed to form AS2 bodies also failed to rescue the as2-1 mutation. Our results suggest the importance of the formation of AS2 bodies and the nature of interactions of AS2 with its target DNA and nucleolar factors including NUCLEOLIN1. The partial overlap of AS2 bodies with perinucleolar chromocenters with condensed ribosomal RNA genes implies a correlation between AS2 bodies and the chromatin state. Patterns of AS2 bodies in cells during interphase and mitosis in leaf primordia were distinct from those in cultured cells, suggesting that the formation and distribution of AS2 bodies are developmentally modulated in plants.

12.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(46): 18544-18550, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670509

RESUMO

Molecular isomerism has been discussed from the viewpoint of the tiniest switch and memory elements in electronics. Here, we report an overcrowded ethylene-based molecular conductance switch, which fulfills all the essential requirements for implementation into electronic devices, namely, electric-field-controllable reversible conductance change with a molecular-level spatial resolution, robust conformational bistability under ambient conditions, and ordered monolayer formation on electrode surfaces. The conformational state of this overcrowded ethylene, represented by a folded or twisted conformer, is susceptible to external environments. Nanoscopic measurements using scanning tunneling microscopy techniques, together with theoretical simulations, revealed the electronic properties of each conformer adsorbed on Au(111). While the twisted conformer prevails in the molecularly dispersed state, upon self-assembly into a monolayer, a two-dimensional network structure of the folded conformer is preferentially formed due to particular intermolecular interaction. In the monolayer state, folded-to-twisted and its reverse isomerization can be controlled by the modulation of electric fields.

13.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(45): 18293-18300, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630518

RESUMO

Highly strained hydrocarbons with two di/tribenzocycloheptatriene units were designed as electrochromic overcrowded ethylenes that undergo reversible interconversion with stable dicationic dyes. Due to severe steric repulsion, two configurational isomers (anti,anti-folded and syn,anti-folded forms) were isolated as stable entities. Photo- and thermal interconversion of these isomers proceeded cleanly: one-way photoisomerization occurred from anti,anti- to syn,anti-form and one-way thermal isomerization was observed from syn,anti- to anti,anti-form. Even though both isomers undergo two-electron oxidation into the same twisted dications, quite different oxidation potentials enable completely selective oxidation of syn,anti-isomers. Thus, the present multiconfigurational strained hydrocarbons are capable of switching of activation/deactivation of their electrochromic properties by light/heat.

14.
Intern Med ; 58(17): 2515-2521, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31178480

RESUMO

We herein report a 49-year-old woman with a perivascular epithelial cell tumor (PEComa) of the pancreas. Imaging studies demonstrated a relatively well-demarcated mass, measuring approximately 40 mm in diameter, located in the pancreatic tail. It was heterogeneously enhanced almost to the same degree as the surrounding pancreatic tissue in both the arterial and portal venous phases. We performed endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) using the Acquire® 22-gauge needle and preoperatively obtained a definitive diagnosis with a sufficient sample. Clinicians should consider pancreatic PEComa in their differential diagnosis of patients with a pancreatic mass.


Assuntos
Aspiração por Agulha Fina Guiada por Ultrassom Endoscópico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Células Epitelioides Perivasculares/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pâncreas/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Neoplasias de Células Epitelioides Perivasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias de Células Epitelioides Perivasculares/patologia
15.
Chem Sci ; 10(18): 4782-4791, 2019 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31160955

RESUMO

We demonstrate so-called "chiral diversification", which is a design strategy to create multiple chiral molecules through the assembly and double-bridging of achiral components. We used phenylacetylene macrocycles (PAMs) as an achiral element. In a molecule, two achiral rings of [6]PAM are stacked one above the other, or bound to each other mechanically. As an alternative, a single enlarged ring of [12]PAM was also assumed to be a doubled form of [6]PAM. In any case, one or two ring(s) are doubly-bridged by covalent bonds to exert chirality. Through intramolecular two-bond formation, these multiple chiral molecules were obtained as a set of products in one reaction. The dynamic chirality generated in molecules with either two helically-stacked rings of [6]PAM or a single helically-folded ring of [12]PAM was characterized by induced Cotton effects with the aid of an external chiral source. Thus, a chiral structure based on [12]PAM could be demonstrated as the first success. Alternatively, enantiomeric separation was achieved for molecules with two interlocked rings of [6]PAM to show remarkable chiroptical properties.

16.
Chemistry ; 25(32): 7759-7765, 2019 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30942496

RESUMO

A method to obtain an organic mixed-valence state with long-range delocalization is proposed, which enables the selective generation of half-filled (n/2-charged) polycations from linearly bridged oligomers with n electron-donating units. When π-extended phenylenediamine units are connected by meta-xylylene-type spacers, the resulting oligomers adopt non-folded structures in the neutral state owing to the non-conjugating and flexible nature of the spacer, whereas the structure shows a drastic change into a one-dimensional columnar stack upon oxidation to the corresponding half-filled polycations. Although they are nano-sized discrete molecules, they can mimic the electronic structure of crystalline organic conductors in a mixed-valence state. The key for the oligomer design is adoption of the best-matched spacer that facilitates formation of the singly charged pimer in the dichromophoric system whereas the corresponding doubly charged π-dimer is disfavored.

17.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(38): 5503-5506, 2019 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31020302

RESUMO

We demonstrated dynamic chirality based on assemblies of three achiral rods with a twisted macrocycle. The three-fold twisting of a macrocycle can lead to two different chiral forms with C2- or D3-symmetry. Through a transmission of chirality to each dynamic chiral form, a helical-sense preference was successfully induced.

18.
Eur J Pediatr ; 178(6): 947-955, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30923908

RESUMO

Kawasaki disease is an acute systemic vasculitis in children. Antiplatelet medicines are commonly used for Kawasaki disease to attenuate vasculitis and prevent thromboembolism; however, the mechanisms have not been elucidated. The objective of this study is to assess the effectiveness of antiplatelet medications for Kawasaki disease. We used Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Igaku Chuo Zasshi (Ichushi) from January 1947 to August 2018. Studies describing the platelet functions of antiplatelet drugs for Kawasaki disease were included. Twenty studies met the inclusion criteria. There were no randomized controlled trials. Seven studies compared platelet aggregation ability before and after treatment. Eight studies compared platelet aggregation with that in Kawasaki disease patients without treatment. Four studies compared aggregation among different types of antiplatelet drugs or at different doses. Antiplatelet medications administered in the studies included aspirin, flurbiprofen, dipyridamole, and choline salicylate. Methods for the measurement of platelet aggregation ability varied among studies. The groups with antiplatelet treatment tended to have a decreased platelet aggregation function. The statistical analyses were impossible due to insufficient quantitative data and heterogeneity among the studies.Conclusion: The present systematic review revealed that there was insufficient evidence for the effectiveness of antiplatelet therapy for Kawasaki disease. What is Known: • Antiplatelet therapy is widely used for Kawasaki disease to mitigate cardiac complications. • The mechanisms of antiplatelet therapy for Kawasaki disease are not clarified. What is New: • This systematic review showed that the groups with antiplatelet treatment tended to have a decreased platelet aggregation function. • There is insufficient evidence for the effectiveness of antiplatelet therapy for Kawasaki disease.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos dos fármacos , Criança , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/farmacologia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Chempluschem ; 84(6): 634-642, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31944008

RESUMO

A perfluorobiphenyl-2,2'-diyl dication and its corresponding dihydrophenanthrene-type electron donor are interconvertible upon two-electron transfer. Redox-triggered C-C bond-formation/cleavage caused a drastic change in the torsion angle of the biphenyl unit. Thus, π-delocalization ON/OFF switching was observed as a change in the UV absorption upon electrolysis of the linearly extended analogue with two phenylethynyl groups. A further extended π-system with a molecular length of ca. 3.5 nm, which has two switching units, was synthesized. Spectroelectrograms as well as voltammetric analyses showed that the two units act nearly simultaneously because of the very small inter-unit electrostatic repulsion in the tetracationic state. Thus, the present pair is a promising candidate as a switching unit for "molecular wires" with controllable π-delocalization, in which a higher ON/OFF ratio of delocalization could be realized by incorporating multiple switching units.

20.
Chem Sci ; 9(44): 8416-8425, 2018 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30542591

RESUMO

The gold-catalysed annulation of conjugated alkynes bearing an azido group with arenes gave annulated [c]carbazoles. Using benzene, pyrrole, and indole derivatives as the nucleophiles, benzo[c]-, pyrrolo[2,3-c]-, and indolo[2,3-c]carbazoles were produced, respectively. The reaction proceeded through pyrrole and benzene ring construction accompanied by the formation of two carbon-carbon and one carbon-nitrogen bond and the cleavage of two aromatic C-H bonds. The mechanism of the reaction with pyrrole was investigated by density functional theory calculations. N,N'-dimethylated indolo[2,3-c]carbazole showed dual ultraviolet-visible-near-infrared and fluorescence spectral changes upon electrolysis.

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