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1.
Zootaxa ; 4958(1): zootaxa.4958.1.23, 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33903470

RESUMO

Four new species of the Neotropical harpactorine genus Heza Amyot Audinet-Serville are newly described: Heza graziae sp. nov. from Ecuador, Heza nebrias sp. nov. from Peru and Brazil, Heza phthinica sp. nov. from Brazil and Peru, and Heza viridipes sp. nov. from Bolivia. Two new country records for two other species are also reported: Heza aurantia Maldonado, 1976 from Ecuador and Heza ventralis Stål, 1872 from Brazil.

3.
Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol ; 34(3): 355-368, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004153

RESUMO

Reclassification of chronic pain as a disease may be helpful because patients with chronic pain require significant treatment and rehabilitation with a clear diagnosis. This can help address critical factors including suffering, quality of life, participation, and with family and social life, which continue to become more important in evaluating the quality of the health care we give our patients today. During the past decade of the opioid epidemic, methadone was the primary treatment for opioid addiction until buprenorphine was approved. Buprenorphine's high-affinity partial agonist properties make it a good alternative to methadone due to lower abuse potential and safer adverse effect profile while maintaining significant efficacy. Expanded out-patient prescribing options have allowed physician and physician extenders such as physician assistants and nurse practitioners to treat these patients that otherwise would have been required to utilize methadone. With unique pharmacological properties, buprenorphine is a safe and effective analgesic for chronic pain. The literature for buprenorphine shows great potential for its utilization in the treatment of chronic pain.

4.
Neurol Ther ; 9(2): 301-315, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32785879

RESUMO

Hereditary variant transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTRv) is a rare genetic defect that affects about 5000-10,000 people worldwide, causing amyloidosis secondary to misfolding of mutant transthyretin (TTR) protein fibrils. TTR mutations can cause protein deposits in many extracellular regions of organs, but those deposits in cardiac and axonal cells are the primary cause of this clinical syndrome. Treatment options are limited, but new drugs are being developed. Patisiran, a novel drug, is a liposomal siRNA against TTR that specifically targets this protein, reducing the accumulation of TTR in tissues, with subsequent improvement in both neuropathy and cardiac function. Patisiran is likely to serve as a prototype for the development of further intelligent drug solutions for use in targeted therapy. In this review we summarize the evidence currently available on the treatment of polyneuropathy in people with ATTRv with patisiran. We review the evidence on its efficacy, safety, and indications of use, citing novel and seminal papers on these subjects.

5.
Zootaxa ; 4742(2): zootaxa.4742.2.13, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32230387

RESUMO

The purpose of this note is to review the usage of the generic names Parsialus Stål, 1863 and Homalosphodrus Stål, 1867 (type species: Parsialus depressus Stål, 1863) for a genus of harpactorine assassin bugs from the Oriental Region, the latter apparently being an unnecessary replacement name proposed for the former. Although Parsialus Stål, 1863 has been used rarely since its replacement and Homalosphodrus is undoubtedly in prevailing usage, it is demonstrated that neither name has been used extensively in the last century; thus, the case for suppression of Parsialus Stål, 1863 lacks strong support, similar to the case of Lanchnophorus Reuter, 1887 in Rhyparochromidae discussed by Kment et al. (2017) and nearly mirroring the case of Cutocoris Stål, 1859 and Cydnocoris Stål, 1867 in Reduviidae discussed by Swanson (2019). As a consequence, Homalosphodrus Stål, 1867 is replaced by its senior objective synonym, Parsialus Stål, 1863.


Assuntos
Heterópteros , Reduviidae , Animais
6.
Zootaxa ; 4624(4): zootaxa.4624.4.12, 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716206

RESUMO

The purpose of this note is to replace the generic name Dasypterus Reuter, 1872, preoccupied by Dasypterus Peters, 1871, in accordance with the principles of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN 1999).


Assuntos
Quirópteros , Heterópteros , Animais , Insetos
7.
Zootaxa ; 4688(2): zootaxa.4688.2.1, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719446

RESUMO

Alabama is one of the most speciose states in the United States, yet many common groups of organisms, including assassin bugs (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Reduviidae), have yet to be fully documented. The purpose of this manuscript is to identify all known assassin bug species occurring in the state using literature records and specimens from natural history collections, most notably the Auburn University Museum of Natural History Entomology Collection, to provide new state records, a checklist, and a morphological species key of the Alabama Reduviidae. All total, 61 species within 36 genera and 10 subfamilies are reported from Alabama. Additionally, 40 new state literature records are documented: 34 from Alabama and six from other states.


Assuntos
Heterópteros , Reduviidae , Triatoma , Alabama , Animais , Universidades
8.
Zootaxa ; 4559(1): 185-188, 2019 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30791036

RESUMO

The purpose of this note is to review the usage of the generic names Cutocoris Stål, 1859 and Cydnocoris Stål, 1866 (type species: Myocoris gilvus Burmeister, 1838) for a genus of harpactorine assassin bugs from the Oriental Region, the latter being an unnecessary replacement name proposed for the former. Although Cutocoris Stål, 1859 has been used rarely since its replacement and Cydnocoris is undoubtedly in prevailing usage, it is demonstrated that neither name has been used extensively in the last century; thus, the case for suppression of Cutocoris Stål, 1859 lacks strong support. As a consequence, Cydnocoris Stål, 1866 is replaced by its senior synonym, Cutocoris Stål, 1859.


Assuntos
Heterópteros , Reduviidae , Animais
9.
Zootaxa ; 4700(2): zootaxa.4700.2.2, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32229981

RESUMO

Herein are erected several new taxa and taxonomic changes based on a study of the Old World genera of Peiratinae: Sphodrembas gen. nov. is erected for a single new species, Sphodrembas fumipennis sp. nov. from Kenya and Tanzania. Ectomocoris caccabatus sp. nov. is newly described and represents the first record of the genus from the Korean Peninsula. Chaulioleistes gen. nov. is erected for Peirates singularis Stål, 1874, resulting in Chaulioleistes singularis (Stål, 1874) comb. nov. Isdegardes Distant, 1909, described in Acanthaspidinae (=Reduviinae), is considered a junior synonym of the peiratine genus Phalantus Stål, 1863 syn. nov., resulting in Phalantus melanocephalus (Distant, 1909) comb. nov. for the type species of Isdegardes. Lestomerus wroughtoni Bergroth, 1915 is transferred to Brachysandalus Stål, 1866, resulting in Brachysandalus wroughtoni (Bergroth, 1915) comb. nov. The previously proposed synonymy of Polychitonocoris formosus Miller, 1940 with Calistocoris caesareus Reuter, 1881 is corroborated. All of the above taxonomic acts are supplemented with a key to the species of Calistocoris, a key to the species of Pachysandalus, and a key to the peiratine genera of the Old World. Also reported are thirteen new country records for eleven other species: Brachysandalus bicolor (Villiers, 1948) (Kenya, Tanzania); Ectomocoris bimaculatus Schouteden, 1909 (Ghana); Ectomocoris fenestratus (Klug, 1830) (Ghana); Ectomocoris maculicrus (Fairmaire, 1858) (Uganda, Zimbabwe); Lestomerus affinis (Audinet-Serville, 1831) (Malaysia); Lestomerus basilewskyi Villiers, 1962 (Kenya); Lestomerus bicolor (Villiers, 1948) (Kenya); Lestomerus dubius Villiers, 1948 (Cameroon); Pachysandalus schoutedeni Villiers, 1962 (Sudan); Peirates collarti Schouteden, 1931 (Cameroon); Peirates quadrinotatus (Fabricius, 1798) (Malaysia); and Phalantus africanus Stål, 1874 (Ghana).


Assuntos
Reduviidae , Distribuição Animal , Animais
10.
Zootaxa ; 4500(3): 397-425, 2018 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30486071

RESUMO

Fifty-one species of Reduviidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) are recorded from Belize; literature citations are provided where relevant, and specimen data are included for examined material. Thirteen previously-described species are reported from Belize for the first time, ten of which represent new generic records: Eupheno histrionicus Stål, 1862 (Cetherinae); Ghinallelia signoreti (Dohrn, 1860) (Emesinae); Rasahus albomaculatus (Mayr, 1865) (Peiratinae); Leogorrus interruptus Champion, 1899; Microlestria laevis Champion, 1899; Nalata quadrituberculata Champion, 1899; Nalata setulosa Stål, 1862; Pseudozelurus superbus (Champion, 1899); Zelurus spinidorsis (Gray, 1832) (all Reduviinae); Oncerotrachelus conformis Uhler, 1894; Saica fuscipes Stål, 1862 (both Saicinae); Gnathobleda litigiosa Stål, 1862; and Stenopoda wygodzinskyi Giacchi, 1969 (both Stenopodainae). Among the ten subfamilies reported, Belizean records for one subfamily, Saicinae, are reported for the first time. Accompanying the checklist are the descriptions of Castolus omega Swanson sp. nov. (Harpactorinae) and Pygolampis aptena Swanson sp. nov. (Stenopodainae).


Assuntos
Heterópteros , Reduviidae , Animais , Belize
11.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 115(50): 12775-12780, 2018 12 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30478043

RESUMO

Hemipteroid insects (Paraneoptera), with over 10% of all known insect diversity, are a major component of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Previous phylogenetic analyses have not consistently resolved the relationships among major hemipteroid lineages. We provide maximum likelihood-based phylogenomic analyses of a taxonomically comprehensive dataset comprising sequences of 2,395 single-copy, protein-coding genes for 193 samples of hemipteroid insects and outgroups. These analyses yield a well-supported phylogeny for hemipteroid insects. Monophyly of each of the three hemipteroid orders (Psocodea, Thysanoptera, and Hemiptera) is strongly supported, as are most relationships among suborders and families. Thysanoptera (thrips) is strongly supported as sister to Hemiptera. However, as in a recent large-scale analysis sampling all insect orders, trees from our data matrices support Psocodea (bark lice and parasitic lice) as the sister group to the holometabolous insects (those with complete metamorphosis). In contrast, four-cluster likelihood mapping of these data does not support this result. A molecular dating analysis using 23 fossil calibration points suggests hemipteroid insects began diversifying before the Carboniferous, over 365 million years ago. We also explore implications for understanding the timing of diversification, the evolution of morphological traits, and the evolution of mitochondrial genome organization. These results provide a phylogenetic framework for future studies of the group.


Assuntos
Insetos/genética , Animais , Calibragem , Ecossistema , Fósseis , Genoma Mitocondrial/genética , Filogenia
12.
Zootaxa ; 4471(3): 446-472, 2018 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30313391

RESUMO

Three new peiratine species in the genus Rasahus Amyot Audinet-Serville, 1843 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Reduviidae: Peiratinae) are described: Rasahus nesiotes sp. nov. from Grand Bahama, Rasahus deliquus sp. nov. from Panama, and Rasahus abolitus sp. nov. from French Guiana. Rasahus castaneus Coscarón, 1983 is reported for the first time from French Guiana. The identity of Reduvius scutellaris Fabricius, 1787 is clarified, resulting in the following taxonomic and nomenclatural changes: Rasahus rufiventris (Walker, 1873) is considered a junior synonym of Rasahus scutellaris (Fabricius, 1787) stat. rev. et syn. nov., and Pirates myrmecinus Erichson, 1848 is resurrected and transferred, resulting in Rasahus myrmecinus (Erichson, 1848) stat. rev. et comb. nov. Most records of Rasahus scutellaris auct. (nec Fabricius) prior to this study remain indeterminate. Additionally, the peiratine fauna known from Panama and French Guiana are enumerated, and an updated key to the species of Rasahus is provided. Lastly, Pirates digramma Walker, 1873 (p. 102), tentatively considered to belong to Rasahus by previous authors, is discussed and transferred to Tydides Stål, 1866, resulting in Tydides digramma (Walker, 1873) comb. nov.


Assuntos
Heterópteros , Reduviidae , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Guiana Francesa , Panamá
13.
Zootaxa ; 4471(1): 179-181, 2018 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30313424

RESUMO

The purpose of the present notice is to identify and clarify a case of mistaken homonymy surrounding the name Argolis, pertaining to Lepidoptera, Hemiptera, and Coleoptera. It is here demonstrated that "Argolis" (Boisduval 1836: 2) is an incorrect original spelling of Ergolis Boisduval, 1836 (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae); therefore, Argolis Stål, 1861 (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) is the valid senior synonym of Caunus Stål, 1865, while Argolis Chapuis, 1874 (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) remains a junior homonym. The following details summarize the situation:.


Assuntos
Besouros , Reduviidae , Animais , Lepidópteros
14.
Inorg Chem ; 57(16): 9696-9707, 2018 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29517233

RESUMO

The 2,2'-biphenylene-bridged bis(iminosemiquinone) complexes ( tBuClip)M [ tBuClipH4 = 4,4'-di- tert-butyl- N, N'-bis(3,5-di- tert-butyl-2-hydroxyphenyl)-2,2'-diaminobiphenyl; M = Pd, Pt] can be reduced to the bis(aminophenoxide) complexes ( tBuClipH2)M by reaction with hydrazobenzene (M = Pd) or by catalytic hydrogenation (M = Pt). The palladium complex with one aminophenoxide ligand and one iminosemiquinone ligand, ( tBuClipH)Pd, is generated by comproportionation of ( tBuClip)Pd with ( tBuClipH2)Pd in a process that is both slow (0.06 M-1 s-1 in toluene at 23 °C) and only modestly favorable ( Kcom = 1.9 in CDCl3), indicating that both N-H bonds have essentially the same bond strength. The mono(iminoquinone) complex ( tBuClipH)Pt has not been observed, indicating that the platinum analogue shows no tendency to comproportionate ( Kcom < 0.1). The average bond dissociation free energies (BDFE) of the complexes have been established by equilibration with suitably substituted hydrazobenzenes, and the palladium bis(iminosemiquinone) is markedly more oxidizing than the platinum compound, with hydrogen transfer from ( tBuClipH2)Pt to ( tBuClip)Pd occurring with Δ G° = -8.9 kcal mol-1. The palladium complex ( tBuClipH2)Pd reacts with nitroxyl radicals in two observable steps, with the first hydrogen transfer taking place slightly faster than the second. In the platinum analogue, the first hydrogen transfer is much slower than the second, presumably because the N-H bond in the monoradical complex ( tBuClipH)Pt is unusually weak. Using driving force-rate correlations, it is estimated that this bond has a BDFE of 55.1 kcal mol-1, which is 7.1 kcal mol-1 weaker than that of the first N-H bond in ( tBuClipH2)Pt. The two radical centers in the platinum, but not the palladium, complex thus act in concert with each other and display a strong thermodynamic bias toward two-electron reactivity. The greater thermodynamic and kinetic coupling in the platinum complex is attributed to the stronger metal-ligand π interactions in this compound.

15.
Zootaxa ; 4341(2): 291-295, 2017 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29245695

RESUMO

The following five new replacement names are proposed for homonymous genus- and species-level names in four different subfamilies of Reduviidae: Dithectocoris nom. nov. for Echinocoris Livingstone & Ravichandran, 1992 nec Echinocoris Miller, 1949 (Ectrichodiinae); Sphedanolestes picturellus tordoi nom. nov. for Sphedanolestes picturellus annulipes Tordo, 1969 nec Sphedanolestes annulipes Distant, 1903 (Harpactorinae); Acanthaspis celidota nom. nov. for Acanthaspis maculata Sucheta & Chopra, 1989 nec Acanthaspis maculata (Distant, 1903); Reduvius lasius nom. nov. for Reduvius villosus Fabricius, 1794 nec (Thunberg, 1783) (Reduviinae); and Oncocephalus enallus nom. nov. for Oncocephalus bipunctatus Livingstone & Ravichandran, 1990 nec Oncocephalus bipunctatus Villiers, 1952. The genus-level replacement also results in Dithectocoris coromandelensis (Livingstone & Ravichandran, 1992) comb. nov.


Assuntos
Reduviidae , Animais , Formigas
16.
Dalton Trans ; 46(28): 9049-9057, 2017 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28660932

RESUMO

1,1'-Bis(4-(2-hydroxy-3,5-di-tert-butylphenyl)aminophenyl)ferrocene (pFlipH4) is prepared in three steps from commercially available 1,1'-ferrocenediboronic acid or its pinacol ester. The suitability of the ligand to bind as a tetradentate ligand in a cis, planar fashion has been confirmed by formation of a square planar palladium bis-iminosemiquinone (pFlip)Pd. The linker unit appears to be structurally similar to 1,1'-ferrocenediyl, but the electronic interaction of the ferrocene with the aminophenols is minimal.

17.
Zootaxa ; 4269(4): 571-585, 2017 05 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28610319

RESUMO

Six heteropteran species are reported for the first time from Illinois based on recently caught specimens from various bioinventories: the flat bug Neuroctenus pseudonymus Bergroth (Aradidae: Mezirinae), the stilt bug Metacanthus multispinus (Ashmead) (Berytidae: Metacanthinae), the leaf-footed bugs Anasa repetita Heidemann and Chelinidea vittiger Uhler (Coreidae: Coreinae), the ambush bug Phymata fasciata fasciata (Gray) (Reduviidae: Phymatinae), and the scentless plant bug Arhyssus nigristernum (Signoret) (Rhopalidae: Rhopalinae). Additionally, three more records for the flat bug Nannium pusio Heidemann (Aradidae) and the scentless plant bugs Aufeius impressicollis Stål and Niesthrea louisianica Sailer (Rhopalidae) are newly-reported for the state based on material in the Illinois Natural History Insect Collection (INHS). Supplementing these notes are dichotomous keys to the species of Mezirinae, Berytidae, Coreidae, Phymatinae, and Rhopalidae of Illinois.


Assuntos
Heterópteros , Animais , Illinois , Reduviidae
18.
Sci Rep ; 6: 22177, 2016 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26916580

RESUMO

Assassin bugs (Reduvioidea) are one of the most diverse (>7,000 spp.) lineages of predatory animals and have evolved an astounding diversity of raptorial leg modifications for handling prey. The evolution of these modifications is not well understood due to the lack of a robust phylogeny, especially at deeper nodes. We here utilize refined data from transcriptomes (370 loci) to stabilize the backbone phylogeny of Reduvioidea, revealing the position of major clades (e.g., the Chagas disease vectors Triatominae). Analyses combining transcriptomic and Sanger-sequencing datasets result in the first well-resolved phylogeny of Reduvioidea. Despite amounts of missing data, the transcriptomic loci resolve deeper nodes while the targeted ribosomal genes anchor taxa at shallower nodes, both with high support. This phylogeny reveals patterns of raptorial leg evolution across major leg types. Hairy attachment structures (fossula spongiosa), present in the ancestor of Reduvioidea, were lost multiple times within the clade. In contrast to prior hypotheses, this loss is not directly correlated with the evolution of alternative raptorial leg types. Our results suggest that prey type, predatory behavior, salivary toxicity, and morphological adaptations pose intricate and interrelated factors influencing the evolution of this diverse group of predators.


Assuntos
DNA Ribossômico/genética , Extremidades/fisiologia , Heterópteros/genética , Comportamento Predatório/fisiologia , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Evolução Biológica , Evolução Molecular , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Transcriptoma/genética
19.
Zootaxa ; 3911(2): 262-72, 2015 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25661610

RESUMO

The monotypic genus Horciniella Miller, 1958 is considered a junior synonym of Archilestidium Breddin, 1900 (new synonymy), resulting in the following taxonomic change for its type species: Archilestidium variabile (Miller, 1958) (new combination). The evidence supporting this conclusion and the new composition of the genus are discussed at length. Updated keys to the reduviine genera of Australia and the Australian species of Horcinia Stål, 1874 are included. Habitus images as well as a new distributional record are provided for several Australian reduviines. 


Assuntos
Reduviidae/classificação , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais/anatomia & histologia , Estruturas Animais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Austrália , Tamanho Corporal , Feminino , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão , Reduviidae/anatomia & histologia , Reduviidae/crescimento & desenvolvimento
20.
Urology ; 84(5): 1117-21, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25443914

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report a series of penile fractures, describing preoperative evaluation, surgical repair, and long-term outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical records from Northwestern Memorial Hospital and Oregon Health & Science University from 2002 to 2011 were reviewed. Clinical presentation, preoperative evaluation, time from injury, mechanism and site of injury, and presence of urethral injury were assessed. Outcomes including erectile dysfunction, penile curvature, and voiding symptoms were evaluated using International Prostate Symptom Score and International Index of Erectile Function scores. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients with 30 separate episodes of penile fractures presenting to the emergency room were identified. Mean patient age was 43 ± 9.6 years. The time from presentation to the initiation of surgery was 5.5 ± 4.4 hours. Mechanism of injury was intercourse in 26 of 30 fractures with the remaining attributed to masturbation or "rolling over." Immediate surgical repair was offered to all patients. Twenty-seven patients underwent surgery. Urethral injury was noted in 5 of the 27. The site of fracture was at the proximal shaft in 11, mid shaft in 12, and distal shaft in 4 patients. The mean follow-up period was 14.3 ± 15.8 weeks. Nine patients reported new mild erectile dysfunction or penile curvature. One patient reported new irritative voiding symptoms. CONCLUSION: The most common mechanism of penile fracture was from sexual intercourse, and frequent concomitant urethral injuries were observed. The frequency of concomitant urethral injury was higher than in previous studies. Although we observed high incidence of erectile dysfunction or penile curvature with early surgical repair, we retain it as the favored approach.


Assuntos
Pênis/lesões , Pênis/cirurgia , Ruptura/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urogenitais , Adulto , Coito , Disfunção Erétil/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Uretra/lesões
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