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1.
ACS Nano ; 13(11): 13264-13270, 2019 11 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661244

RESUMO

Semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) constitute an ideal platform for developing near-infrared biosensors, single photon sources, and nanolasers due to their distinct optical and electrical properties. Covalent doping of SWCNTs has recently been discovered as an efficient approach in enhancing their emission intensities. We perform pump-probe studies of SWCNTs that are covalently doped with sp3 quantum defects and reveal strikingly different exciton formation dynamics and decay mechanisms in the presence of the defect sites. We show that, in highly doped SWCNTs, ultrafast trapping of excitons at the defect sites can outpace other photodynamic processes and lead to ground-state photobleaching of the quantum defects. Our fitting of the transient data with a kinetic model also reveals an upper limit in the quantum defect density for obtaining highly luminescent SWCNTs without causing irreversible damage. These findings not only deepen our understanding of the photodynamics in covalently doped SWCNTs but also reveal critical information for the design of bright near-infrared emitters that can be utilized in biological, quantum information, and nanophotonic applications.

2.
Nanoscale ; 11(12): 5412-5421, 2019 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30855041

RESUMO

To take peptide materials from predominantly structural to functional assemblies, variations in cofactor binding sites must be engineered and controlled. Here, we have employed the peptide sequence c16-AHX3K3-CO2H where X3 represents the aliphatic structural component of the peptide design that dictates ß-sheet formation and upon self-assembly yields a change in the overall microenvironment surrounding the Zn protoporphyrin IX ((PPIX)Zn) binding site. All peptides studied yield ß-sheet rich nanofibers highlighting the materials' resiliency to amino acid substitution. We highlight that the (PPIX)Zn binding constants correlate strongly with amino acid side chain volume, where X = L or I yields the lowest dissociation constant values (KD). The resulting microenvironment highlights the materials' ability to control interchromophore electronic interactions such that slip-stacked cofacial arrangements are observed via exciton splitting in UV/visible and circular dichroism spectroscopy. Steady state and time-resolved photoluminescence suggests that greater interchromophore packing yields larger excimer populations and corresponding longer excimer association lifetimes (τA) which directly translates to shorter exciton diffusion lengths. In comparison to synthetic porphyrin molecular assemblies, this work demonstrates the ability to employ the peptide assembly to modulate the degree of cofactor arrangement, extent of excimer formation, and the exciton hopping rates all while in a platform amenable for producing polymer-like materials.


Assuntos
Nanofibras/química , Peptídeos/química , Protoporfirinas/química , Sítios de Ligação , Dicroísmo Circular , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica em Folha beta , Espectrofotometria
3.
Nano Lett ; 18(8): 4771-4776, 2018 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29944381

RESUMO

Films containing mixtures of zero- or two-dimensional nanostructures (quantum dots or nanoplatelets) were prepared in order to investigate the impacts of dimensionality on electronic interactions. Electron transfer from CsPbBr3 to CdSe was observed in all of the mixtures, regardless of particle dimensionality, and characterized via both static and transient absorption and photoluminescence spectroscopies. We find that mixtures containing nanoplatelets as the electron acceptor (CdSe) undergo charge transfer more rapidly than those containing quantum dots. We believe the faster charge transfer observed with nanoplatelets may arise from the extended spatial area of the CdSe nanoplatelets and/or the continuous density of acceptor states that are present in nanoplatelets. These results bolster the use of one- or two-dimensional nanomaterials in the place of zero-dimensional quantum dots in the design of related optoelectronic devices such as solar cells, light-emitting diodes, and photocatalysts and further offer the prospect of fewer required hopping events to transport carriers due to the larger spatial extent of the particles.

4.
Nano Lett ; 18(1): 650-655, 2018 01 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29244518

RESUMO

We report on the experimental observation of differential wavevector distribution of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) and fluorescence from dye molecules confined to a gap between plasmonic silver nanowire and a thin, gold mirror. The fluorescence was mainly confined to higher values of in-plane wavevectors, whereas SERS signal was uniformly distributed along all the wavevectors. The optical energy-momentum spectra from the distal end of the nanowire revealed strong polarization dependence of this differentiation. All these observations were corroborated by full-wave three-dimensional numerical simulations, which further revealed an interesting connection between out-coupled wavevectors and parameters such as hybridized modes in the gap-plasmon cavity, and orientation and location of molecular dipoles in the geometry. Our results reveal a new prospect of discriminating electronic and vibrational transitions in resonant dye molecules using a subwavelength gap plasmonic cavity in the continuous-wave excitation limit, and can be further harnessed to engineer molecular radiative relaxation processes in momentum space.

5.
Nat Commun ; 8(1): 2135, 2017 12 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29233993

RESUMO

The originally published version of this Article contained an error in Equation 1. The two ℏ terms were missing from this equation. This has now been corrected in the PDF and HTML versions of the Article.

6.
Nat Commun ; 8(1): 986, 2017 10 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29042536

RESUMO

The creation of energetic electrons through plasmon excitation of nanostructures before thermalization has been proposed for a wide number of applications in optical energy conversion and ultrafast nanophotonics. However, the use of "nonthermal" electrons is primarily limited by both a low generation efficiency and their ultrafast decay. We report experimental and theoretical results on the use of broadband plasmonic nanopatch metasurfaces comprising a gold substrate coupled to silver nanocubes that produce large concentrations of hot electrons, which we measure using transient absorption spectroscopy. We find evidence for three subpopulations of nonthermal carriers, which we propose arise from anisotropic electron-electron scattering within sp-bands near the Fermi surface. The bimetallic character of the metasurface strongly impacts the physics, with dissipation occurring primarily in the gold, whereas the quantum process of hot electron generation takes place in both components. Our calculations show that the choice of geometry and materials is crucial for producing strong ultrafast nonthermal electron components.The creation of energetic electrons through plasmon excitation has implications in optical energy conversion and ultrafast nanophotonics. Here, the authors find evidence for three subpopulations of nonthermal carriers which arise from anisotropic electron-electron scattering near the Fermi surface.

7.
ACS Nano ; 11(9): 9112-9118, 2017 09 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28817256

RESUMO

Light-harvesting biomaterials are an attractive target in photovoltaics, photocatalysis, and artificial photosynthesis. Through peptide self-assembly, complex nanostructures can be engineered to study the role of chromophore organization during light absorption and energy transport. To this end, we demonstrate the one-dimensional transport of excitons along naturally occurring, light-harvesting, Zn-protoporphyrin IX chromophores within self-assembled peptide-amphiphile nanofibers. The internal structure of the nanofibers induces packing of the porphyrins into linear chains. We find that this peptide assembly can enable long-range exciton diffusion, yet it also induces the formation of excimers between adjacent molecules, which serve as exciton traps. Electronic coupling between neighboring porphyrin molecules is confirmed by various spectroscopic methods. The exciton diffusion process is then probed through transient photoluminescence and absorption measurements and fit to a model for one-dimensional hopping. Because excimer formation impedes exciton hopping, increasing the interchromophore spacing allows for improved diffusivity, which we control through porphyrin doping levels. We show that diffusion lengths of over 60 nm are possible at low porphyrin doping, representing an order of magnitude improvement over the highest doping fractions.


Assuntos
Nanofibras/química , Peptídeos/química , Protoporfirinas/química , Tensoativos/química , Luminescência , Modelos Moleculares , Nanofibras/ultraestrutura
8.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 6(3): 569-75, 2015 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26261981

RESUMO

Photoinduced charge-transfer (CT) processes play a key role in many systems, particularly those relevant to organic photovoltaics and photosynthesis. Advancing the understanding of CT processes calls for comparing their rates measured via state-of-the-art time-resolved interface-specific spectroscopic techniques with theoretical predictions based on first-principles molecular models. We measure charge-transfer rates across a boron subphthalocyanine chloride (SubPc)/C60 heterojunction, commonly used in organic photovoltaics, via heterodyne-detected time-resolved second-harmonic generation. We compare these results to theoretical predictions based on a Fermi's golden rule approach, with input parameters obtained using first-principles calculations for two different equilibrium geometries of a molecular donor-acceptor in a dielectric continuum model. The calculated rates (∼2 ps(-1)) overestimate the measured rates (∼0.1 ps(-1)), which is consistent with the expectation that the calculated rates represent an upper bound over the experimental ones. The comparison provides valuable understanding of how the structure of the electron donor-acceptor interface affects the CT kinetics in organic photovoltaic systems.


Assuntos
Compostos de Boro/química , Fulerenos/química , Modelos Moleculares , Ácidos Ftálicos/química , Transporte de Elétrons , Cinética , Conformação Molecular
9.
Opt Lett ; 39(14): 4274-7, 2014 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25121705

RESUMO

In organic photovoltaics many key ultrafast processes occur at the interface between electron donor and acceptor molecules. Traditional ultrafast spectroscopies, such as pump-probe or time-resolved fluorescence, are not ideal for studying the interface because most of their signal is from the bulk material. Time-resolved second-harmonic generation (TRSHG) spectroscopy solves this problem by only generating signal from the interface. We demonstrate an optically heterodyned TRSHG to reduce the impact of stray light, enhance sensitivity, and detect the full complex signal field.


Assuntos
Lasers , Radiometria/instrumentação , Análise Espectral/instrumentação , Eletricidade Estática , Transporte de Elétrons , Desenho de Equipamento , Análise de Falha de Equipamento , Doses de Radiação
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