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1.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 614, 2022 01 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35022453

RESUMO

Bacterial motility provides the ability for bacterial dissemination and surface exploration, apart from a choice between surface colonisation and further motion. In this study, we characterised the movement trajectories of pathogenic and probiotic Escherichia coli strains (ATCC43890 and M17, respectively) at the landing stage (i.e., leaving the bulk and approaching the surface) and its correlation with adhesion patterns and efficiency. A poorly motile strain JM109 was used as a control. Using specially designed and manufactured microfluidic chambers, we found that the motion behaviour near surfaces drastically varied between the strains, correlating with adhesion patterns. We consider two bacterial strategies for effective surface colonisation: horizontal and vertical, based on the obtained results. The horizontal strategy demonstrated by the M17 strain is characterised by collective directed movements within the horizontal layer during a relatively long period and non-uniform adhesion patterns, suggesting co-dependence of bacteria in the course of adhesion. The vertical strategy demonstrated by the pathogenic ATCC43890 strain implies the individual movement of bacteria mainly in the vertical direction, a faster transition from bulk to near-surface swimming, and independent bacterial behaviour during adhesion, providing a uniform distribution over the surface.


Assuntos
Aderência Bacteriana , Escherichia coli/fisiologia , Movimento , Escherichia coli/patogenicidade , Probióticos , Especificidade da Espécie , Virulência
2.
Bull Exp Biol Med ; 167(1): 182-188, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177456

RESUMO

We studied the effect of non-thermal argon plasma on proliferative activity of bone marrow multipotent stromal cells in vitro. Treatment of stromal cell suspension with pure argon did not affect their proliferation. The cells treated with non-thermal argon plasma and explanted in the treatment medium demonstrated growth inhibition by 30-40% in comparison with the control. Multipotent stromal cells treated with plasma and after centrifugation explanted in normal medium within 12 min demonstrated accelerated growth. The total cell growth from the pellet and supernatant significantly exceeded the control values. We also analyzed adhesion and proliferative activity of multipotent stromal cells treated with non-thermal plasma on bioresorbable carriers. The cells adhered and proliferated on all types of studied samples. Adhesion properties of scaffolds differed. Caprolactone was found to be the most suitable material for adhesion and proliferation of multipotent stromal cells.


Assuntos
Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Multipotentes/citologia , Células-Tronco Multipotentes/efeitos dos fármacos , Gases em Plasma/farmacologia , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Animais , Adesão Celular/fisiologia , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Coelhos , Tecidos Suporte/química
3.
J Appl Microbiol ; 116(5): 1129-36, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24517235

RESUMO

AIM: To study the effects exerted by argon microwave nonthermal plasma (NTP) on cell wall-lacking Mollicutes bacteria. METHODS AND RESULTS: 10(8) CFU ml(-1) agar plated Mycoplasma hominis and Acholeplasma laidlawii were treated with the nonthermal microwave argon plasma for 30-300 s. The maximal 10- and 100-fold drop was observed for A. laidlawii and Myc. hominis, respectively. Similarly treated Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus demonstrated the 10(5) and 10(3) drop, respectively. Removal of cholesterol affected resistance of A. laidlawii. 10 mmol l(-1) antioxidant butylated hydroxytoluene decreased mortality by a factor of 25-200. UV radiation alone caused 25-85% mortality in comparison with the whole NTP. Exogenously added hydrogen peroxide H2O2 did not cause mortality. NTP treatment of Myc. hominis triggered growth of microcolonies, which were several tenfold smaller than a typical colony. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the lack of cell wall, A. laidlawii and Myc. hominis were more resistant to argon microwave NTP than other tested bacteria. Mycoplasma hominis formed microcolonies upon NTP treatment. A role of UV and active species was demonstrated. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: The first study of NTP effects on Mollicutes revealed importance of a membrane composition for bacterial resistance to NTP. New specific Myc. hominis morphological forms were observed. The study confirmed importance of the concerted action of reactive oxygen species (ROS) with UV and other plasma bioactive agents for NTP bactericidal action.


Assuntos
Acholeplasma laidlawii/efeitos dos fármacos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Mycoplasma hominis/efeitos dos fármacos , Gases em Plasma/farmacologia , Argônio , Colesterol/fisiologia , Viabilidade Microbiana/efeitos dos fármacos , Micro-Ondas , Mycoplasma hominis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Mycoplasma hominis/ultraestrutura , Oxidantes/farmacologia , Raios Ultravioleta
4.
Acta Naturae ; 4(3): 82-7, 2012 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23150806

RESUMO

Non-thermal plasma (NTP) consists of a huge amount of biologically active particles, whereas its temperature is close to ambient. This combination allows one to use NTP as a perspective tool for solving different biomedical tasks, including antitumor therapy. The treatment of tumor cells with NTP caused dose-dependent effects, such as growth arrest and apoptosis. However, while the outcome of NTP treatment has been established, the molecular mechanisms of the interaction between NTP and eukaryotic cells have not been thoroughly studied thus far. In this work, the mechanisms and the type of death of human colon carcinoma HCT 116 cells upon application of non-thermal argon plasma were studied. The effect of NTP on the major stress-activated protein p53 was investigated. The results demonstrate that the viability of HCT116 cells upon plasma treatment is dependent on the functional p53 protein. NTP treatment caused an increase in the intracellular concentration of p53 and the induction of the p53-controlled regulon. The p53-dependent accumulation of active proapoptotic caspase-3 was shown in NTP-treated cells. The study was the first to demonstrate that treatment of human colon carcinoma cells with NTP results in p53-dependent apoptosis. The results obtained contribute to our understanding of the applicability of NTP in antitumor therapy.

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