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ACS Med Chem Lett ; 10(10): 1486-1491, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31620238


C-terminal Src kinase (CSK) functions as a negative regulator of T cell activation through inhibitory phosphorylation of LCK, so inhibitors of CSK are of interest as potential immuno-oncology agents. Screening of an internal kinase inhibitor collection identified pyridazinone lead 1, and a series of modifications led to optimized compound 13. Compound 13 showed potent activity in biochemical and cellular assays in vitro and demonstrated the ability to increase T cell proliferation induced by T cell receptor signaling. Compound 13 gave extended exposure in mice upon oral dosing and produced a functional response (decrease in LCK phosphorylation) in mouse spleens at 6 h post dose.

J Biomol NMR ; 68(4): 237-247, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28711957


An improved expression protocol is proposed for amino acid type-specific [13C], [15N]-isotope labeling of proteins in baculovirus-infected (BV) insect cell cultures. This new protocol modifies the methods published by Gossert et al. (J Biomol NMR 51(4):449-456, 2011) and provides efficient incorporation of isotopically labeled amino acids, with similar yields per L versus unlabeled expression in rich media. Gossert et al. identified the presence of unlabeled amino acids in the yeastolate of the growth medium as a major limitation in isotope labeling using BV-infected insect cells. By reducing the amount of yeastolate in the growth medium ten-fold, a significant improvement in labeling efficiency was demonstrated, while maintaining good protein expression yield. We report an alternate approach to improve isotope labeling efficiency using BV-infected insect cells namely by replacing the yeast extracts in the medium with dialyzed yeast extracts to reduce the amount of low molecular weight peptides and amino acids. We report the residual levels of amino acids in various media formulations and the amino acid consumption during fermentation, as determined by NMR. While direct replacement of yeastolate with dialyzed yeastolate delivered moderately lower isotope labeling efficiencies compared to the use of ten-fold diluted undialized yeastolate, we show that the use of dialyzed yeastolate combined with a ten-fold dilution delivered enhanced isotope labeling efficiency and at least a comparable level of protein expression yield, all at a scale which economizes use of these costly reagents.

Marcação por Isótopo/métodos , Aminoácidos/análise , Aminoácidos/química , Animais , Baculoviridae , Antígenos CD4/biossíntese , Antígenos CD4/química , Antígenos CD4/isolamento & purificação , Isótopos de Carbono , Meios de Cultura/análise , Meios de Cultura/química , Quinase 1 de Adesão Focal/biossíntese , Quinase 1 de Adesão Focal/química , Quinase 1 de Adesão Focal/isolamento & purificação , Isótopos de Nitrogênio , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , Biossíntese de Proteínas , Células Sf9 , Spodoptera
Bioanalysis ; 8(4): 265-74, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26807991


BACKGROUND: A target protein-based affinity extraction LC-MS/MS method was developed to enable plasma level determination following ultralow dosing (0.1-3 µg/kg) of an inhibitor of apoptosis proteins molecule. Methodology & results: Affinity extraction (AE) utilizing immobilized target protein BIR2/BIR3 was used to selectively capture the inhibitor of apoptosis proteins molecule from dog plasma and enable removal of background matrix components. Pretreatment of plasma samples using protein precipitation was found to provide an additional sensitivity gain. A LLOQ of 7.8 pM was achieved by combining protein precipitation with AE. The method was used to support an ultralow dose dog toxicity study. CONCLUSION: AE-LC-MS/MS, utilizing target protein, is a highly sensitive methodology for small molecule quantification with potential for broader applicability.

Análise Química do Sangue/métodos , Fracionamento Químico/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoquinolinas/análise , Limite de Detecção , Oligopeptídeos/análise , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Animais , Cães , Feminino , Humanos , Proteínas Imobilizadas/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Imobilizadas/química , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose/química , Isoquinolinas/química , Isoquinolinas/farmacologia , Masculino , Oligopeptídeos/química , Oligopeptídeos/farmacologia , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/química , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/farmacologia
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 25(9): 1856-63, 2015 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25845281


Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) has been proposed to play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of many diseases including cancer, stroke, bipolar disorders, diabetes and neurodegenerative diseases. GSK-3 inhibition has been a major area of pharmaceutical interest over the last two decades. A plethora of reports appeared recently on selective inhibitors and their co-crystal structures in GSK-3ß. We identified several series of promising new GSK-3ß inhibitors from a coherent design around a pyrrolopyridinone core structure. A systematic exploration of the chemical space around the central spacer led to potent single digit and sub-nanomolar GSK-3ß inhibitors. When dosed orally in a transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease (AD), an exemplary compound showed significant lowering of Tau phosphorylation at one of the GSK-3 phosphorylating sites, Ser396. X-ray crystallography greatly aided in validating the binding hypotheses.

Aminopiridinas/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas , Quinase 3 da Glicogênio Sintase/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Piridonas/química , Pirróis/química , Aminopiridinas/administração & dosagem , Aminopiridinas/química , Animais , Cristalografia por Raios X , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Quinase 3 da Glicogênio Sintase/metabolismo , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
Biotechnol Bioeng ; 105(2): 306-16, 2010 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19739084


Host cell proteins (HCPs) constitute a major group of impurities for biologic drugs produced using cell culture technology. HCPs are required to be closely monitored and adequately removed in the downstream process. However, HCPs are a complex mixture of proteins with significantly diverse molecular and immunological properties. An overall understanding of the composition of HCPs and changes in their molecular properties upon changes in upstream and harvest process conditions can greatly facilitate downstream process design. This article describes the use of a comparative proteomic profiling method viz. two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) to examine HCP composition in the harvest stream of CHO cell culture. The effect of upstream process parameters such as cell culture media, bioreactor control strategy, feeding strategy, and cell culture duration/cell viability on HCP profile was examined using this technique. Among all the parameters studied, cell viability generated the most significant changes on the HCP profile. 2D-DIGE was also used to compare the HCP differences between monoclonal antibody producing and null cell cultures. The HCP species in production cell culture was found to be well represented in null cell culture, which confirms the suitability of using the null cell culture for immunoassay reagent generation. 2D-DIGE is complimentary to the commonly used HCP immunoassay. It provides a direct comparison of the changes in HCP composition under different conditions and can reveal properties (pI, MW) of individual species, whereas the immunoassay sensitively quantifies total HCP amount in a given sample.

Biotecnologia/métodos , Eletroforese em Gel Bidimensional/métodos , Proteínas/análise , Proteômica/métodos , Animais , Reatores Biológicos , Células CHO , Sobrevivência Celular , Cricetinae , Cricetulus , Meios de Cultura/química
BMC Genomics ; 9: 336, 2008 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18627629


BACKGROUND: Protein kinases and phosphatases regulate protein phosphorylation, a critical means of modulating protein function, stability and localization. The identification of functional networks for protein phosphatases has been slow due to their redundant nature and the lack of large-scale analyses. We hypothesized that a genome-scale analysis of genetic interactions using the Synthetic Genetic Array could reveal protein phosphatase functional networks. We apply this approach to the conserved type 1 protein phosphatase Glc7, which regulates numerous cellular processes in budding yeast. RESULTS: We created a novel glc7 catalytic mutant (glc7-E101Q). Phenotypic analysis indicates that this novel allele exhibits slow growth and defects in glucose metabolism but normal cell cycle progression and chromosome segregation. This suggests that glc7-E101Q is a hypomorphic glc7 mutant. Synthetic Genetic Array analysis of glc7-E101Q revealed a broad network of 245 synthetic sick/lethal interactions reflecting that many processes are required when Glc7 function is compromised such as histone modification, chromosome segregation and cytokinesis, nutrient sensing and DNA damage. In addition, mitochondrial activity and inheritance and lipid metabolism were identified as new processes involved in buffering Glc7 function. An interaction network among 95 genes genetically interacting with GLC7 was constructed by integration of genetic and physical interaction data. The obtained network has a modular architecture, and the interconnection among the modules reflects the cooperation of the processes buffering Glc7 function. CONCLUSION: We found 245 genes required for the normal growth of the glc7-E101Q mutant. Functional grouping of these genes and analysis of their physical and genetic interaction patterns bring new information on Glc7-regulated processes.

Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Proteínas Fúngicas/fisiologia , Genes Fúngicos , Proteína Fosfatase 1/fisiologia , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/enzimologia , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética