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Med Vet Entomol ; 34(4): 394-401, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32438501


In the past decade, leishmaniasis seems to be re-emerging in Balkan countries. There are serious implications that Kosovo is a visceral leishmaniasis endemic region with autochthonous transmission; nevertheless, surveillance of vectors, reservoirs or the disease is not yet established. Gaining knowledge about sandfly vector species is a prerequisite for the development of a monitoring and control plan in the future. After a long gap in research of over 70 years, sandfly studies in Kosovo were resumed in 2014. During this presence/absence study, nine sandfly species were detected: Phlebotomus papatasi, Ph. perfiliewi, Ph. tobbi, Ph. neglectus, Ph. simici, Ph. balcanicus, Ph. alexandri, Ph. mascittii and Sergentomyia minuta. Three species are new with regard to the fauna of Kosovo - Ph. alexandri, Ph. balcanicus and Ph. mascittii. Besides increased diversity, changes in the number of collected specimens and distribution range of species were recorded, with Ph. neglectus being the most dominant species with the widest distribution. Testing of randomly chosen females for Leishmania spp. DNA resulted the in detection of L. tropica in a specimen of Ph. neglectus. The presence of numerous vector species in the sandfly fauna of Kosovo pose a threat for the re-emergence of vector-borne diseases. Therefore, continuous surveillance is recommended with regular updates on vector distribution and abundance.

Med Vet Entomol ; 34(4): 402-410, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32426867


Toscana virus (TOSV) is a prominent arthropod-borne viral agent of human central nervous system infections occurring in the Mediterranean region. The main transmission route to susceptible individuals involves sandflies as vectors. Despite several reports revealing widespread TOSV activity in Turkey, vectors remained unidentified. A sandfly field survey was carried out in five provinces in Central, Southeast and Mediterranean Anatolia in 2017 to identify TOSV and related sandfly-borne phleboviruses and Leishmania parasites, with evidence for circulation in the region. A total of 7136 sandfly specimens, collected via standard methods, were evaluated in 163 pools. TOSV was detected in 11 pools (6.7%), comprising Phlebotomus major sensu lato, Sergentomyia dentata and Phlebotomus papatasi species. TOSV partial L and S segment sequences were characterized, that phylogenetically clustered with local and global genotype A strains. An amino acid substitution outside the conserved motifs of the viral polymerase, also present in previous TOSV sequences in endemic regions, was observed. Leishmania tropica was detected in a single pool of Ph. sergentii (0.6%). This is the first report of TOSV in sandflies from Turkey, and this study further provides evidence for additional sandfly species with the potential to transmit TOSV.

Med Vet Entomol ; 31(2): 224-229, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27910105


Leishmaniasis is an arthropod-borne disease that affects approximately 2 million people worldwide annually. The aims of this study were to detect the presence of Leishmania (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae) DNA and the feeding preferences of probable vector species in an endemic focus of Leishmania infantum in Turkey. Entomological sampling was performed in August and October 2015 in Aydin province, where cases of human and canine leishmaniasis have been reported previously. A total of 1059 sandfly specimens comprising nine species belonging to two genera, Phlebotomus and Sergentomyia (both: Diptera: Psychodidae), and five subgenera of the Phlebotomus genus (Phlebotomus, Paraphlebotomus, Larroussius, Adlerius and Transphlebotomus) were collected in five villages. Among all Phlebotomus specimens, Phlebotomus neglectus (39%) was noted as the most abundant species, followed by Phlebotomus tobbi (18%). Leishmania DNA was detected in pools from P. neglectus, P. tobbi and Sergentomyia dentata by kDNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Leishmania DNA from Phlebotomus specimens was identified as L. infantum, but Leishmania DNA from Sergentomyia spp. could not be identified to species level by ITS-1 real-time PCR. The detection of Leishmania DNA in wild-caught P. neglectus and the high percentage (24.2%) of human DNA in engorged specimens suggests that P. neglectus is probably an important vector species for L. infantum in Aydin province.

Insetos Vetores/parasitologia , Leishmania/isolamento & purificação , Leishmaniose/parasitologia , Psychodidae/parasitologia , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Leishmania/classificação , Masculino , Phlebotomus/parasitologia , Proteínas de Protozoários/análise , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Turquia
Med Vet Entomol ; 30(3): 321-9, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27339389


Species identification of sandflies is mainly performed according to morphological characters using classical written identification keys. This study introduces a new web-based decision support tool (sandflyDST) for guiding the morphological identification of sandfly species present in Anatolia and mainland Europe and classified in the Phlebotomus and Sergentomyia genera (both: Diptera: Psychodidae). The current version of the tool consists of 111 questions and 36 drawings obtained from classical written keys, and 107 photographs for the quick and easy identification of 26 species of the genus Phlebotomus and four species of the genus Sergentomyia. The tool guides users through a decision tree using yes/no questions about the morphological characters of the specimen. The tool was applied by 30 individuals, who then completed study questionnaires. The results of subsequent analyses indicated that the usability (x‾SUSScore=75.4) and users' level of appreciation (86.6%) of the tool were quite high; almost all of the participants considered recommending the tool to others. The tool may also be useful in training new entomologists and maintaining their level of expertise. This is a dynamic tool and can be improved or upgraded according to feedback. The tool is now available online at

Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Psychodidae/classificação , Animais , Europa (Continente) , Internet , Phlebotomus/anatomia & histologia , Phlebotomus/classificação , Psychodidae/anatomia & histologia , Turquia
Vet Res Commun ; 33(6): 529-34, 2009 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19140021


Serum Cystatin C (sCys-C) is one of the most important serum markers of renal function assessment in dogs. The purpose of this study was to determine the sCys-C concentration in dogs with visceral leishmaniasis (VL). In the study, 16 dogs with VL and 10 clinical healty dogs (control) were used. Mean sCys-C concentration of the infected dogs was significantly higher than that of the control group (p < 0.05). Mean serum creatinine concentration was lower and mean blood urea nitrogen, albumin and globulin concentrations were higher in dogs with VL; however, these changes were not statistically significant. Mean total protein and phosphorus concentrations were found to be higher in dogs with VL than healthy dogs (p < 0.05). No significant correlation had been determined between sCys-C and other variables. Visceral leishmaniasis in dogs has increased sCys-C concentration indicating a possible renal impairment; however, further studies are needed to be performed together with renal biopsies in the investigation sCys-C in dogs with VL.

Cistatina C/sangue , Doenças do Cão/sangue , Leishmaniose Visceral/veterinária , Insuficiência Renal/veterinária , Animais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Cães , Feminino , Leishmaniose Visceral/sangue , Masculino , Insuficiência Renal/sangue