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1.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1232: 323-329, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31893427

RESUMO

Recent guidelines on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) have stressed the necessity to improve the quality of CPR. Our previous studies demonstrated the usefulness of monitoring cerebral blood oxygenation (CBO) during CPR by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). The present study evaluates whether the NIRO-CCR1, a new NIRS device, is as useful in the clinical setting as the NIRO-200NX. We monitored CBO in 20 patients with cardiac arrest by NIRS. On the arrival of patients at the emergency department, the attending physician immediately assessed whether the patient was eligible for this study after conventional advanced life support and, if eligible, measured CBO in the frontal lobe by NIRS. We found that in all patients, the cerebral blood flow waveform was in synchrony with the chest compressions. Moreover, the tissue oxygenation index increased following cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in patients undergoing CPB, including one patient in whom CBO was monitored using the NIRO-CCR1. In addition, although the NIRO-CCR1 could display the pulse rate (Tempo) in real time, Tempo was not always detected, despite detection of the cerebral blood flow waveform. This suggested that chest compressions may not have been effective, indicating that the NIRO-CCR1 also seems useful to assess the quality of CPR. This study suggests that the NIRO-CCR1 can measure CBO during CPR in patients with cardiac arrest as effectively as the NIRO-200NX; in addition, the new NIRO-CCR1 may be even more useful, especially in prehospital fields (e.g. in an ambulance), since it is easy to carry.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Circulação Cerebrovascular , Parada Cardíaca , Monitorização Fisiológica , Oximetria , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Fisiológica/instrumentação , Monitorização Fisiológica/normas , Oximetria/instrumentação , Oximetria/normas , Projetos Piloto , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho/instrumentação , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho/normas
2.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1232: 331-337, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31893428

RESUMO

Obesity, a risk factor of coronary artery disease, is known to cause peripheral microcirculatory disturbances. This study evaluated the relationship between the degree of obesity and peripheral microcirculatory disturbances, using peripheral near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) with a vascular occlusion test (VOT). We compared correlations between the NIRS parameter changes induced by VOT and body mass index (BMI) in patients with and without statin therapy. A NIRS probe was set on the right thenar eminence, brachial artery blood flow was blocked for 3 min, and then released. Although total hemoglobin (ΔcHb), deoxyhemoglobin (ΔHHb) and tissue oxygenation index (ΔTOI) were not correlated with BMI, a significant negative correlation was found between oxyhemoglobin (ΔO2Hb) and BMI in the overall study population (r = -0.255, p-value 0.02). In addition, a significant negative correlation was found between ΔO2Hb and BMI in patients without statin therapy (r = -0.353, p-value 0.02) but not in patients with statin therapy (r = -0.181, p-value 0.27). These findings suggest that ΔO2Hb may be a useful indicator to assess peripheral microcirculation.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Microcirculação/fisiologia , Oxigênio , Consumo de Oxigênio , Oxiemoglobinas/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho/normas
3.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1232: 355-360, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31893431

RESUMO

Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is associated with visceral fat and various cardiac disorders, such as atrial fibrillation and adverse cardiovascular events. Therefore, it is important to develop a simple and non-invasive inspection method to assess EAT, to prevent unfavorable cardiac events. This study assessed correlations between near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) changes induced by a vascular occlusion test (VOT) and EAT volume measured by cardiac computed tomography (CCT) in patients with suspected coronary artery disease. We also assessed correlations between body mass index (BMI) and EAT volume in the same population. In addition, these correlations were compared in patients treated with statin therapy and in those without statin therapy. A NIRS probe was set on the right thenar eminence, and brachial artery blood flow was blocked for 3 min before being released. A negative correlation was found between oxyhemoglobin (ΔO2Hb) and EAT volume in the overall study population (r = -0.236, p = 0.03). Interestingly, although a strong correlation was observed in patients without statin therapy (r = -0.488, p < 0.001), this correlation was not observed in patients with statin therapy (r = 0.157, p = 0.34). These findings suggest that NIRS measurements with VOT may be a useful method to identify patients with high EAT volume and high cardiovascular risks.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Oxiemoglobinas/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco
4.
J Cardiol ; 75(1): 74-81, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31253524

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Relations between characteristics and outcomes of patients in Japan with atrial fibrillation (AF) and the type of medical facility providing their outpatient care are unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared patient characteristics and outcomes between 2 university hospitals (n=1178), 20 general hospitals (n=1308), and 41 private clinics (n=751) (follow-up: 39.3 months) in the prospective SAKURA AF Registry. Private clinic patients were significantly older than university hospital and general hospital patients (73.4±9.2 vs. 70.3±9.8 and 72.6±8.9 years; p<0.001), and these patients' CHADS2 scores were significantly lower than general hospital, but higher than university hospital patients (1.8±1.1 vs. 2.0±1.2 and 1.6±1.1; p<0.001). The Kaplan-Meier incidences of stroke/systemic embolism (SE) (1.72 vs. 1.58 vs. 0.84 events per 100 patient-years; p=0.120), a cardiovascular event (4.09 vs. 2.44 vs. 1.40; p<0.001), and death were higher (2.39 vs. 2.21 vs. 1.24; p=0.015) for university and general hospital patients than for private clinic patients; the incidences of major bleeding were equivalent (1.78 vs. 1.33 vs. 1.16; p=0.273). After multivariate adjustments, this trend persisted. CONCLUSIONS: Adverse clinical events at small to large hospitals appear to be higher than those at private clinics, suggesting that careful attention for preventing stroke/SE and cardiovascular events should be paid to patients at a university or general hospital.

5.
Heart Vessels ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696252

RESUMO

Early detection of atrial fibrillation (AF) is desirable for preventing strokes. Not only does AF often go undetected in patients being followed up for various disease conditions, but the optimal detection method also remains to be elucidated. In a prospective observational study of 24-h Holter monitoring versus 14-day external loop recording performed for detection of previously undiagnosed AF in 868 Japanese outpatients (aged 75 ± 6 years), with a CHA2DS2-vasc score ≥ 1, but no prior AF episodes, AF was detected during the initial monitoring period in 16 (1.8%) patients, in 7 (1.1% [7/645]) by 24-h monitoring and 9 (4.0% [9/223]) by 14-day monitoring (P = 0.005), and overall in 32 (3.7%) during the 1-year study period. Absence of a beta-blocker therapy and the serum N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide level were independent predictors of a new detection of AF. Oral anticoagulation (OAC) therapy was given to 22 (69%) of the 32 patients in whom AF was detected, and no difference in the incidence of subsequent major adverse events was found between the patients managed with and without oral OAC therapy. Previously unknown AF was documented at a prevalence of 3.7% per year among Japanese with a notable CHA2DS2-VASc score, and 14-day external loop monitoring was significantly more effective for detection of the disorder. A large-scale prospective AF screening study conducted to clarify the type or types of patients who would benefit from "early" OAC therapy for primary stroke prevention is warranted.

6.
BMJ Case Rep ; 12(8)2019 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383682

RESUMO

Coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) is a rare cause of myocardial infarction. However, only a few studies have investigated this aspect. An 84-year-old woman with a history of hypertension presented with nausea. showed ST elevation in the inferior leads, and coronary angiography revealed two giant CAAs in the right coronary artery. Percutaneous coronary intervention was difficult because of risk of CAA rupture. Thus, these aneurysms were further evaluated using multimodality cardiac imaging to determine the treatment. MRI using late gadolinium enhancement revealed structural features of the aneurysms and the viability of the myocardium. Only antithrombotic medication was administered on the basis of the results of the multimodality cardiac imaging. Here, we report a rare case of a patient diagnosed with ST elevation myocardial infarction caused by thrombosis in giant CAAs using multimodality cardiac imaging, particularly MRI.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Coronário/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Imagem Multimodal/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Meios de Contraste , Aneurisma Coronário/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Feminino , Gadolínio , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/etiologia
7.
Int Heart J ; 60(4): 812-821, 2019 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31308323

RESUMO

Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) of atrial fibrillation (AF) can reduce the AF burden and, potentially, reduce the long-term risk of strokes and death. However, it remains unclear whether anticoagulants can be stopped after PVI because of post-ablation AF recurrence in some patients. This study aimed to investigate the discontinuation rate of anticoagulants and long-term incidence of strokes after PVI.We enrolled 512 consecutive Japanese patients with AF (mean age, 63.4 ± 10.4 years; 123 women; 234 with non-paroxysmal AF; CHADS2 score/CHA2DS2-VASC score, 1.32 ± 1.12/2.21 ± 1.54) who underwent PVI between 2012 and 2015. During a 28.0 ± 17.1 -month follow-up, anticoagulants were terminated in 230 (44.9%) of the 512 patients, AF recurred in 200 (39.1%), and 10 (1.95%) suffered from a stroke. Death occurred in 5 (0.98%) patients. Although the incidence of strokes, by a Kaplan-Meier analysis, was similar, the incidence of death was lower (Hazard ratio 0.37, 95% confidence interval 0.12-0.93, P = 0.041) in the AF ablation group than the control group without ablation after 1:1 propensity score matching (the control data was derived from 2,986 patients in the SAKURA AF Registry, a large-cohort AF registry).Anticoagulants were discontinued in nearly half the patients who underwent AF ablation; of these, 39.1% experienced AF recurrences, 1.95% suffered from strokes, and 0.98% died, but the risk of death after AF ablation appeared to be lower than that in a propensity score-matched control group without ablation during long-term follow-up.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Eletrocardiografia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Recidiva , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
8.
Curr Med Res Opin ; 35(12): 2053-2062, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31355684

RESUMO

Background: Although atrial fibrillation (AF) and coronary artery disease (CAD) are increasing in prevalence in Japan, real-world data regarding clinical outcomes in Japanese AF patients with CAD are limited.Methods: The SAKURA AF Registry is a prospective multi-center registry created to investigate outcomes of oral anticoagulant (OAC) use in Japanese AF patients. A study was conducted involving 3237 enrollees from 63 Tokyo-area institutions who were followed up for a median of 39.3 months. Clinical adverse events were compared between the patients accompanied with (n = 312) and without CAD (n = 2925).Results: The incidence of cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality rates were significantly higher among patients with CAD than among those without CAD (5.98 vs 2.52 events per 100 patient-years, respectively, p < 0.001; 3.27 vs 1.94 deaths per 100 patient-years, respectively, p = 0.012), but there was no difference in strokes/transient ischemic attacks or systemic embolisms (1.70 vs 1.34). After a multivariate adjustment, CAD remained a risk factor for cardiovascular events (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.57, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.08-2.25, p = 0.018). Among CAD patients, the propensity score-adjusted risk for major bleeding was significantly decreased among direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) users in comparison to that among warfarin users (HR = 0.29, 95% CI = 0.07-0.94, p = 0.04), but other adverse clinical events did not differ significantly between these two groups.Conclusions: CAD did not appear to be a major determinant of strokes/TIAs, major bleeding, or all-cause mortality, but appeared to increase the risk of cardiovascular events in Japanese AF patients. The risk of major bleeding in CAD patients appeared to decrease when a DOAC rather than warfarin was administered. The data suggested that patients with AF and concomitant CAD require careful management and follow-up to reduce cardiovascular risks, and DOACs may be a better choice over warfarin when considering the risk of major bleeding.

9.
Heart Vessels ; 34(12): 2021-2030, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31183513

RESUMO

Direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are widely used in aged Japanese patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), but outcome data for such patients are limited. We compared outcomes between 1895 (58.5%) patients aged < 75 years (non-elderly), 1078 (33.3%) 75-84 years (elderly) and 264 (8.2%) ≥ 85 years (very elderly) enrolled in a prospective multicenter registry. Kaplan-Meier analysis (median follow-up: 39.3 months) revealed a significantly high incidence of stroke/systemic embolism (SE) among the very elderly relative to that among the non-elderly or elderly (3.2 vs. 1.2 and 1.5 events per 100 patient-years, p < 0.001). Major bleeding in the non-elderly group was significantly infrequent relative to that among the elderly or very elderly group (1.1 vs. 1.6 vs. 1.8 events, p = 0.033). After multivariate adjustment, the stroke/SE incidence was comparable between DOAC and warfarin users, regardless of age, but major bleeding decreased significantly among very elderly DOAC users (adjusted HR 0.220, 95% CI 0.042-0.920). The greater increasing incidence of stroke/SE than major bleeding as patients age suggests that stroke prevention should outweigh the bleeding risk when anticoagulants are being considered for aged patients. Our data indicated that DOACs can be a therapeutic option for stroke prevention in very elderly patients.

10.
Curr Med Res Opin ; 35(11): 2007-2013, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31204852

RESUMO

Objective: To explore factors related to changing renal function and the prognostic effect of worsening renal function in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods: The present substudy was based on the SAKURA AF Registry, a Japanese multicenter prospective observational registry that includes 3267 AF patients from 63 institutions in the Tokyo area. Worsening renal function was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decrease equaling more than 20% of the patient's baseline eGFR. Results: During a median 39.3 month follow-up period, patients' eGFR decreased annually by a mean value of 1.07 mL/min/1.73 m2. Multivariable analysis showed that age ≥75 years, body weight ≤50 kg, a history of heart failure and initially preserved renal function (creatinine clearance [CrCl] ≥ 60 mL/min) were significantly associated with a decrease in eGFR, whereas a history of AF ablation was associated with a maintain in eGFR. The 194 patients with worsening renal function were at significantly increased risk of death, stroke and major bleeding (adjusted hazard ratios [HRs]: 2.06, 1.97 and 2.23, respectively). Conclusion: Age ≥75 years, body weight ≤50 kg, a history of heart failure and initially preserved renal function appear to promote renal dysfunction in patients with AF, but a history of AF ablation seems to have a favorable effect. Worsening renal function seems to increase AF patients' risk of adverse clinical events. Renal function can decline quickly; thus, early intervention including AF ablation is warranted.

11.
Circ J ; 83(6): 1247-1253, 2019 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30944275

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Consciousness disturbance is one of the major clinical signs associated with shock state, but its prognostic value has not been previously evaluated in cardiovascular shock patients. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of neurological status for 30-day mortality in cardiovascular shock patients without out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Methods and Results: Patients with out-of-hospital onset cardiovascular shock were recruited from the Japanese Circulation Society Shock Registry. Neurological status upon hospital arrival was evaluated using the Japan Coma Scale (JCS). Patients were divided into 4 groups according to the JCS: alert, JCS 0; awake, JCS 1-3 (not fully alert but awake without any stimuli); arousable, JCS 10-30 (arousable with stimulation); and coma JCS 100-300 (unarousable). The primary endpoint was 30-day all-cause death. In total, 700 cardiovascular shock patients without OHCA were assessed. The coma group was associated with a higher incidence of 30-day all-cause death compared with other groups (alert, 15.3%; awake, 24.4%; arousable, 36.8%; coma, 48.5%, P<0.001). Similar trends were observed in etiologically divergent subgroups (acute coronary syndrome, non-ischemic arrhythmia, and aortic disease). On multivariate Cox regression analysis, arousable (hazard ratio [HR], 1.82; 95% CI: 1.16-2.85, P=0.009) and coma (HR, 2.72; 95% CI: 1.76-4.22, P<0.001) (reference: alert) independently predicted 30-day mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Neurological status upon hospital arrival was useful to predict 30-day mortality in cardiovascular shock patients without OHCA.

12.
Circ J ; 83(4): 727-735, 2019 03 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30726797

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Off-label dosing of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) is encountered clinically among patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), although data on the clinical outcomes of over- and under-dosing are lacking in Japan. Methods and Results: We examined the clinical outcomes of off-label DOAC dosing using the SAKURA AF Registry, a prospective multicenter registry in Japan. Among 3,237 enrollees, 1,676 under any of the 4 DOAC regimens were followed up for a median of 39.3 months: 746 (45.0%), appropriate standard-dose; 477 (28.7%), appropriate low-dose; 66 (4.0%), over-dose; and 369 (22.2%) under-dose. Compared with the standard-dose group, patients in the under- and over-dose groups were significantly older and had a higher stroke risk. After multivariate adjustment, stroke/systemic embolism (SE) and death events were equivalent between the standard- and under-dose groups, but major bleeding events tended to be lower in the under-dose group (hazard ratio [HR] 0.474, P=0.0739). Composite events (stroke/SE, major bleeding, or death) were higher in the over-dose than in the standard-dose group (HR 2.714, P=0.0081). CONCLUSIONS: Clinical outcomes were not worse for under-dose than for standard-dose users among patients with different backgrounds. Over-dose users, however, were at higher risk for all clinical events and required careful follow-up. Further studies are needed to clarify the safety and effectiveness of off-label DOAC dosing in Japan.

13.
Heart Vessels ; 34(8): 1241-1249, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30715570

RESUMO

Cardiogenic shock frequently leads to death even with intensive treatment. Although the leading cause of cardiogenic shock is acute coronary syndrome (ACS), the clinical characteristics and the prognosis of ACS with cardiogenic shock in the present era still remain to be elucidated. We analyzed clinical characteristics and predictors of 30-day mortality in ACS with cardiogenic shock in Japan. The Japanese Circulation Society Cardiovascular Shock registry was a prospective, observational, multicenter, cohort study. Between May 2012 and June 2014, 495 ACS patients with cardiogenic shock were analyzed. The primary endpoint was 30-day all-cause mortality. The median [interquartile range; IQR] age was 71.0 [63.0, 80.0] years. The median [IQR] value of systolic blood pressure (SBP) and heart rate were 75.0 [50.0, 86.5] mm Hg and 65.0 [38.0, 98.0] bpm, respectively. Multivariable analysis showed an odds ratio (OR) of 4.76 (confidence intervals; CI 1.97-11.5, p < 0.001) in the lowest SBP category (< 50 mm Hg) for SBP ≥ 90 mm Hg. Moreover, age per 10 years increase (OR 1.38, CI 1.18-1.61, p = 0.002), deep coma (OR 3.49, CI 1.94-6.34, p < 0.001), congestive heart failure (OR 3.81, CI 2.04-7.59, p < 0.001) and left main trunk disease (LMTD) (OR 2.81, CI 1.55-5.10, p < 0.001) were independent predictors. Severe hypotension, older age, deep coma, congestive heart failure, and LMTD were independent unfavorable factors in ACS complicated by cardiogenic shock in Japan. A prompt assessment of high-risk patients referring to those predictors in emergency room could lead to appropriate treatment without delay.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Sistema de Registros , Choque Cardiogênico/mortalidade , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pressão Sanguínea , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Choque Cardiogênico/etiologia , Choque Cardiogênico/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo
14.
J Cardiol ; 73(3): 210-217, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30591323

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence and causes of death among patients in Japan treated for atrial fibrillation (AF), a major determinant of strokes and death, with direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are unclear. This study's aim was two-fold: to compare the incidence and causes of death between DOAC and warfarin users in Japan and to identify the factors associated with vascular and nonvascular death in the Japanese AF population. METHODS: The study was based on the SAKURA AF registry, in which clinical events were tracked in 3267 enrollees from 63 institutions for 2-4 years. Enrollees included warfarin users (n=1577) and users of any of 4 DOACs (n=1690). The incidence, cause, and major determinants of death were analyzed. RESULTS: During a median 39.3-month follow-up, 200 patients died, with most succumbing to cardiac death (25%), malignancies (21%), or respiratory infections (20%). There was no significant difference in deaths from any cause between warfarin and DOAC users (108 vs. 92 patients, p=0.34). An age ≥75 years was found to be a major determinant of death, but the relative risk (vs. <75 years) was greater for nonvascular death (hazard ratio: 2.85 and 4.97 for age 75-84 and ≥85 years, respectively) than vascular death (2.14 and 2.98 for 75-84 and ≥85 years, respectively). Heart failure, renal dysfunction, and the type of institution were major determinants of vascular death, and a male sex, weight <50kg, and anemia were major determinants of nonvascular death. CONCLUSIONS: The results of our AF registry-based study, in which two thirds of the enrolled patients succumbed to cardiac death, malignancies, or respiratory infections within 2- 4 years and use of DOACs rather than warfarin did not reduce the mortality, indicated that a management of AF that includes prophylaxis for vascular and nonvascular events in addition to strokes is warranted.

15.
Int Heart J ; 59(6): 1266-1274, 2018 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30369576

RESUMO

The burden of anticoagulation treatment affects patient satisfaction, which in turn affects adherence to treatment. Thus, we must thoroughly understand the advantages of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) over vitamin K antagonists (VKAs)/warfarin given for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). We compared satisfaction with anticoagulation therapy between 654 DOAC and 821 warfarin users enrolled in the SAKURA AF Registry. Satisfaction was assessed by means of the Anti-Clot Treatment Scale (ACTS), which includes 12-item burdens and 3-item benefits scales, and the treatment satisfaction questionnaire for medication II (TSQM II), which includes 2-item effectiveness, 3-item side effects, 3-item convenience, and 2-item global satisfaction domains. There were no significant between-group differences in TSQM II convenience (67.6 ± 14.5 versus 68.9 ± 14.5, P = 0.280), effectiveness (65.0 ± 13.3 versus 66.0 ± 15.0, P = 0.422), side effects (93.6 ± 13.7 versus 92.8 ± 14.4, P = 0.067), and global satisfaction (64.7 ± 14.9 versus 66.0 ± 14.6, P = 0.407) scores. In contrast, although there was no significant between-group difference in the ACTS benefits scores (9.8 ± 3.1 versus 10.1 ± 3.2, P = 0.051), the ACTS burdens scores (54.5 ± 6.3 versus 52.7 ± 6.9, P < 0.0001) were significantly higher in the DOAC users, independent of age, sex, and DOAC type. We can expect greater burden satisfaction with anticoagulation treatment in patients given a DOAC versus VKA/warfarin. The reduced burden of treatment will translate to greater patient adherence to their treatment plans and a positive effect on clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Varfarina/uso terapêutico , Administração Oral , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Prospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Circ J ; 82(10): 2500-2509, 2018 09 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30078823

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are widely used in Japanese patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), large-scale investigations into their use, with suitable follow-up times and rates, are lacking. Methods and Results: The SAKURA AF Registry is a prospective multicenter registry created to investigate therapeutic outcomes of oral anticoagulant (OAC) use in Japanese AF patients. We conducted a study involving 3,237 enrollees from 63 institutions in the Tokyo area being treated with any of 4 DOACs (n=1,676) or warfarin (n=1,561) and followed-up for a median of 39.3 months (range 28.5-43.6 months). Analyses of 1- and 2-year follow-up data available for 3,157 (97.5%) and 2,952 (91.2%) patients, respectively, showed no significant differences in rates of stroke or systemic embolism (SE), major bleeding, and all-cause mortality for DOAC vs. warfarin users (1.2 vs. 1.8%/year, 0.5 vs. 1.2%/year, and 2.1 vs. 1.7%/year, respectively). Under propensity score matching, the incidence of stroke or SE (P=0.679) and all-cause death (P=0.864) remained equivalent, but the incidence of major bleeding was significantly lower (P=0.014) among DOAC than warfarin users. CONCLUSIONS: A high follow-up rate allowed us to obtain reliable data on the status of OAC use and therapeutic outcomes among AF patients in Japan. Warfarin and DOACs appear to yield equivalent 3-year stroke and all-cause mortality rates, but DOACs appear to reduce the risk of major bleeding.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Varfarina/uso terapêutico , Administração Oral , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Antitrombinas/efeitos adversos , Antitrombinas/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Embolia/etiologia , Inibidores do Fator Xa/efeitos adversos , Inibidores do Fator Xa/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Varfarina/efeitos adversos
17.
Int Heart J ; 59(4): 791-801, 2018 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29794379

RESUMO

Few data exist regarding the association of plasma arginine vasopressin (AVP) and noradrenaline (NA) levels with subsequent cardiac events in acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) patients. We measured plasma AVP and NA levels in ADHF patients on admission. In the follow-up (median: 487 days) of 291 patients, 41 cardiac events (cardiac death or re-hospitalization due to HF) were documented. The plasma AVP (26.4 versus 15.5 pg/mL, P = 0.014) and plasma NA (2347 versus 1524 pg/mL, P = 0.007) levels in the cardiac events group were significantly higher than those in the non-cardiac events group. The multivariable hazard ratios (HR) (95% confidence intervals [CI]) in the first tertile (1T) versus the third tertile (3T) of plasma AVP and NA levels were 2.97 (1.06-8.32) and 3.34 (1.21-9.26) for cardiac events, respectively. Group High (3T of combined AVP and NA) had a significantly higher incidence of cardiac events than Group Low (1T of combined groups) (HR: 3.50, 95% CI: 1.17-10.42, P = 0.017). Similarly, the relative risk ratio of cardiac events according to this stratification was more than that of plasma AVP or NA level alone (3.51, 2.65, and 2.95). Higher levels of plasma AVP and NA measured on admission may be associated with the incidence of cardiac events. Combined evaluation of these two parameters may be useful for assessing the prognosis of ADHF survivors.


Assuntos
Arginina Vasopressina/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Norepinefrina/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Medição de Risco/métodos
18.
J Arrhythm ; 33(4): 289-296, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28765759

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Large-scale investigations on the use of oral anticoagulants including direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) have not included Japanese patients. METHODS: We established the multicenter SAKURA AF Registry to support prospective observational research on the status of anticoagulation treatment, especially with DOAC, for AF in Japan. We enrolled 3266 AF patients treated with warfarin (n=1577) or any of 4 DOACs (n=1689) from 63 institutions (2 cardiovascular centers, 13 affiliated hospitals or community hospitals, and 48 private clinics) in the Tokyo area. RESULTS: We conducted our first analysis of the registry data, and although we found equivalent mean age between the DOAC and warfarin users (71.8±9.5 vs. 72.3±9.4 years, p=0.2117), we found a slightly lower risk of stroke (CHADS2 score of 0 or 1 [46.9% vs. 39.4%, p<0.0001]) and significantly better creatinine clearance in DOAC users (70.4±27 vs. 65.6±25.7 mL/min, p<0.0001). Importantly, we documented under-dosing in 32% of warfarin users and inappropriate-low-dosing in 19.7-27.6% of DOAC users. CONCLUSIONS: Our initial analysis of the SAKURA AF Registry data clarified the real-world use of anticoagulants, which includes DOACs and warfarin in Japan. The DOAC users were at a lower risk for stroke than the warfarin users. In 20-30% of DOAC users, the dose was inappropriately reduced.

19.
Circ J ; 80(4): 852-9, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27001192

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are little data about cardiovascular shock caused by various diseases. We evaluated the characteristics and predictors of 30-day mortality in patients with cardiovascular shock in Japan. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Japanese Circulation Society Cardiovascular Shock registry was a prospective, observational, multicenter, cohort study. Between May 2012 and June 2014, 979 patients with cardiovascular shock were analyzed. The primary endpoint was 30-day all-cause mortality. The mean systolic blood pressure on hospital arrival was 78±18 mmHg. The main causes of shock were acute coronary syndrome (51.0%), non-ischemic arrhythmia (16.4%), and aortic disease (14.9%). The 30-day all-cause mortality was 34.3%. After adjustment for independent predictors of 30-day mortality, the odds ratios for systolic blood pressure (per 10-mmHg decrease), consciousness disturbance, congestive heart failure, out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, estimated glomerular filtration rate (per 10-ml/min/1.73 m(2)decrease), and causes of shock (non-ischemic arrhythmia, aortic disease, and myocarditis) were 1.15 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.08-1.22), 2.62 (95% CI, 1.80-3.82), 2.58 (95% CI, 1.67-3.99), 1.62 (95% CI, 1.05-2.51), 1.20 (95% CI, 1.10-1.30), and 0.48 (95% CI, 0.30-0.77), 3.98 (95% CI, 2.32-6.81), and 3.25 (95% CI, 1.20-8.84), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The 30-day mortality for cardiovascular shock was still high at 34%. Primary predictors of mortality were cardiorenal function on hospital arrival and shock etiology.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Doenças da Aorta , Arritmias Cardíacas , Miocardite , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar , Choque Cardiogênico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças da Aorta/complicações , Doenças da Aorta/mortalidade , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/complicações , Arritmias Cardíacas/mortalidade , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Circulação Sanguínea , Pressão Sanguínea , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocardite/complicações , Miocardite/mortalidade , Miocardite/fisiopatologia , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/etiologia , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/mortalidade , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Choque Cardiogênico/etiologia , Choque Cardiogênico/mortalidade , Choque Cardiogênico/fisiopatologia , Sociedades Médicas
20.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 789: 121-128, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23852485

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The 2010 CPR Guidelines recommend that extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) using an emergency cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) should be considered for patients with cardiac arrest. However, it is not yet clear whether this therapy can improve cerebral circulation and oxygenation in these patients. To clarify this issue, we evaluated changes of cerebral blood oxygenation (CBO) during ECPR using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). METHODS: We employed NIRS to measure CBO in the bilateral frontal lobe in patients transported to the emergency room (ER) after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest between November 2009 and June 2011. RESULTS: Fifteen patients met the above criteria. The tissue oxygenation index (TOI) on arrival at the ER was 36.5 %. This increased to 67.8 % during ECPR (P < 0.001). The one patient whose TOI subsequently decreased had a favorable neurological outcome. CONCLUSION: Increase of TOI during ECPR might reflect an improvement in cerebral blood flow, while decrease of TOI after ECPR might reflect oxygen utilization by the brain tissue as a result of neuronal cell survival. NIRS may be useful for monitoring cerebral hemodynamics and oxygen metabolism during CPR.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Circulação Cerebrovascular/fisiologia , Cérebro/irrigação sanguínea , Cérebro/metabolismo , Hipotermia/metabolismo , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Hipotermia/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/metabolismo , Oxigênio/sangue , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho/métodos
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