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1.
Am J Sports Med ; : 3635465211045998, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34652232

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intramedullary screw fixation is the most common operative procedure used for treatment of fifth metatarsal stress fractures in athletes. However, the optimal implant in intramedullary screw fixation is still being investigated. PURPOSE: To review experiences with intramedullary screw fixation using the Herbert screw for fifth metatarsal stress fractures in high-level athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed 37 high-level athletes (Tegner activity score ≥7) who underwent intramedullary screw fixation using the Herbert screw for fifth metatarsal stress fractures between August 2005 and August 2017. The minimum follow-up period of the patients was 2 years. In assessing the surgical results, time to obtain bone union, time to return to original level of sport participation, and treatment failures/complications were reviewed. Additionally, the effect of intraoperative plantar gap widening caused by the screw insertion was analyzed. The surgical results of the 2 groups, the no-gap group (intraoperative plantar gap widening, <1 mm) and the gap group (intraoperative plantar gap widening, ≥1 mm), were compared, while correlations between intraoperative plantar gap widening and the surgical results were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: Bone union and return to the original sport were attained in all patients without treatment failures/complications such as delayed union, nonunion, or refracture. The mean time to obtain bone union was 10.1 weeks, and the mean time to return to sport was 10.9 weeks. In comparing the no-gap group (n = 16) and the gap group (n = 21), no significant differences in the time to obtain bone union (P = .392) or to return to sport (P = .399) were noted. Additionally, there was no correlation between intraoperative plantar gap widening and the time to obtain bone union (r = 0.131; P = .428) or to return to sport (r = 0.160; P = .331). CONCLUSION: The use of the Herbert screw for intramedullary screw fixation to treat fifth metatarsal stress fractures in high-level athletes provided satisfactory results enabling all the athletes to return to the original sport without treatment failures/complications. Additionally, intraoperative plantar gap widening does not affect the surgical results using this technique.

2.
Case Rep Orthop ; 2021: 9970975, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34513103

RESUMO

Background: Posttraumatic patellar dislocation is rare, and consistent surgical strategy therefore has not been defined due to multifactorial factor. In this case study, we treated a case of a patellar dislocation with hip osteoarthritis and increased femoral anteversion by performing a two-staged surgery. In the first stage, total hip arthroplasty was performed, and in the second stage, simultaneous patellofemoral arthroplasty and medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction using semitendinosus tendon autograft were performed. Case Report. A 56-year-old female patient who previously had right hip osteoarthritis complained of right knee pain after a fall. Radiographic examination showed lateral dislocation of the patella with osteoarthritic (OA) change in the patellofemoral joint and an excessive femoral anteversion with OA change on the right hip joint. Total hip arthroplasty was performed firstly to decrease femoral anteversion. Then, simultaneous patellofemoral arthroplasty and medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction was performed for residual patellar dislocation and patellofemoral OA without tibiofemoral joint OA. At the time of the 5-year follow-up after surgery, the patient was able to walk with a wheelbarrow without any complications. Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of a patellar dislocation with an increased femoral anteversion and patellofemoral OA treated by a combination of total hip arthroplasty, patellofemoral arthroplasty, and medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction. The clinical outcome improved at 5 years after these surgeries. Therefore, these surgical options can be considered to be useful.

3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(34): e26681, 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34449453

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Recently, the number of osteosarcomas has been increasing in elderly patients due to human longevity. Lung metastases are the primary cause of death from osteosarcomas. Complete resection of lung metastases can prolong the survival. However, complete resection in elderly patients is often difficult due to high risk of operative complications. Computed tomography (CT) guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a minimally invasive technique to destroy tumor nodules using heat. In this report, we present the first case older than 65 years applying RFA for lung metastases due to osteosarcoma. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 74-year-old male presented with 1-year history of heel pain. A conventional high-grade osteosarcoma in his calcaneus was diagnosed. Below-knee amputation was performed. However, lung metastases were found in both lungs 1 year after amputation. CT-guided lung RFA was chosen since surgical intervention for lung metastases was abandoned because of tumor multiplicity and medical comorbidities. A total of 18 lung metastases were treated by CT-guided RFA. The most frequent complication was pneumothoraxes in 4 of 8 (50%) procedures and chest tube drainage was required in 2 of these (2 of 8 (25%) procedures). DIAGNOSES: Six lung metastases of osteosaroma were found in both lungs at 1 year after surgery. INTERVENTIONS: CT-guided lung RFA was performed. A total of 18 lung metastases were treated in 8 lung RF procedures. OUTCOMES: The patient has been alive with disease for 5.5 years after the initial surgery. LESSONS: CT-guided lung RFA is effective for elderly patients with osteosarcoma lung metastases in spite of discouragement of lung metastasectomy due to multiplicity of metastases and medical-comorbidities.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Ablação por Radiofrequência/métodos , Idoso , Calcâneo/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Radiografia Intervencionista , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
4.
Arthroplast Today ; 11: 32-37, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34458531

RESUMO

An 84-year-old woman who underwent bilateral cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) for dysplastic osteoarthritis 22 years ago was subjected to analysis. A huge soft-tissue mass was revealed in her left medial thigh. Plain radiographs of the left hip joint revealed severe osteolysis around the stem, cup, and ischium. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a 25 × 14-cm multilobulated mass with a thick-walled pseudocapsule. Two-stage surgery was performed with resection of the mass followed by a subsequent revision THA. The mass was diagnosed as a chronic expanding hematoma through gross and histologic findings. Two years after the revision THA, there was no recurrence of a hematoma. Two-stage revision THA was useful for definitive diagnosis, and good functional recovery was obtained after surgery.

5.
Knee ; 31: 136-143, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34144326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether double-level osteotomy (DLO) combining closed-wedge osteotomy in the distal femur and open-wedge osteotomy in the proximal tibia deformity can prevent change in leg length and excessive coronal inclination of the tibial articular surface in surgical correction of the severe varus knee. The purpose of this study was to examine the postoperative change in leg length as well as radiological and clinical outcomes following DLO compared with the results obtained from knees undergoing isolated open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (OW-HTO). METHODS: In cases of severe varus knee deformity (hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA) > 10°) 29 patients undergoing DLO and 35 patients undergoing OW-HTO were included. If the predicted mechanical medial proximal tibial angle (mMPTA) was 95° or greater or the wedge size was 15 mm or greater in the surgical simulation, then DLO was considered as the surgical of option. In cases where these criteria were not met, OW-HTO was selected. All patients were followed up for a minimum of 2 years. RESULTS: The changes in the length of the whole leg in the DLO and OW-HTO groups averaged 2.3 ±â€¯4.8 mm and 9.3 ±â€¯7.2 mm, respectively (P < 0.001). mMPTA of more than 95° was found in no knee in the DLO group. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that DLO could avoid leg length change and non-physiologic joint lines when performed in patients with varus HKA > 10°, and the predicted mMPTA was 95° or greater or the wedge size was 15 mm or greater in the surgical simulation.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho , Osteotomia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Humanos , Joelho , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Perna (Membro) , Força Muscular , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Tíbia/cirurgia
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34141591

RESUMO

Purpose: To analyze the change in rotational alignment caused by double level osteotomy (DLO) based on comparative three-dimensional image analysis of pre- and postoperative CT images. Methods: Pre- and postoperative CT examination of the lower extremities were performed with informed consent for 39 consecutive knees undergoing DLO for varus knee deformity. The DLO procedure consisted of closed wedge distal femoral osteotomy (CWDFO) and open wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO). Among those cases, 20 knees complicated with hinge fracture at the osteotomy site were excluded from the analysis to eliminate a confounding factor affecting the results. Consequently, data obtained from 19 knees were subjected to the study analysis while osteotomies with hinge fractures complications were excluded from the study. In the three-dimensional CT image analysis of axial plane images, femoral torsion (the angle between midline along the femoral neck axis and the tangent of the posterior edges of the medial/lateral femoral condyles) and tibial torsion (the angle between the tangent of the posterior edges of the medial/lateral tibial condyles and the transmalleolar axis) were measured. The torsion angle was measured in each of the femurs and the tibias on both pre- and postoperative CT axial images, and the change induced by the osteotomy was calculated and statistically(using Wilcoxon signed-rank test) compared. Results: The mean pre- and postoperative femoral torsion (anteversion) angles were 29.3° and 31.4° with a significant postoperative increase in internal rotation of the bony segment distal to the osteotomy(P = 0.002). On the tibial side, the mean pre- and postoperative torsion angles were 26.5° and 25.7°, indicating no significant postoperative change(P = 0.199)(NS). Conclusions: This study showed that the DLO procedure (combining CWDFO and OWHTO) increased torsion (anteversion) of the femur by 2.1° on average while inducing no significant rotational change on the tibial side.

7.
Regen Ther ; 18: 112-116, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34141835

RESUMO

Background: Achilles tendon rupture is one of the most common serious injuries in athletes. Various studies to accelerate the healing process of the Achilles tendon have been performed as it takes a longer time to repair the tissue compared to other tendons. Here, we report a case of an acute Achilles tendon rupture in a male basketball player treated by a combination of an intra-tissue injection of freeze-dried platelet-derived factor concentrate, which included a platelet-derived growth factor with an early rehabilitation protocol after the operative treatment to facilitate the biological healing of the injured tendon tissue. To the best of our knowledge, this case is the first instance that enabled the athlete to return to original sport activity at only 3-months after the injury. Case report: A 23-year-old male basketball player who belonged to a university basketball team sustained an Achilles tendon rupture during running in a training match. The remaining time period until the final tournament of the university league as a senior player was only 3 months. The patient received a combination of an intra-tissue injection of freeze-dried platelet-derived factor concentrate and early rehabilitation protocol after operative treatment. Surgery was performed 4 days after the injury and the early rehabilitation protocols were applied postoperatively. A freeze-dried platelet-derived factor concentrate was injected into the ruptured site of the Achilles tendon under ultrasound guide at 4 weeks postoperatively. The patient could return to play at the pre-injury level without any symptoms and disfunctions at 3 months after surgery. At two years postoperatively, the patient could play basketball without symptoms or rerupture. Conclusions: We reported a case of an Achilles tendon rupture which was treated by a combination of intra-tissue injection of freeze-dried platelet-derived factor concentrate and an early rehabilitation protocol after the operative treatment. The patient could return to play basketball at the pre-injury activity level at only 3-months after the injury, suggesting that the role of applying excessively early rehabilitation of mechanical loading could facilitate tendon tissue healing when combined with an intra-tissue injection of freeze-dried platelet-derived factor concentrate.

8.
Case Rep Orthop ; 2021: 5560581, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34123448

RESUMO

Background: Ballet dance involves extreme range of motion (ROM) in the hip joint. This ROM can cause injuries including labral strain, tears, and subluxation episodes. Case Presentation. A 69-year-old female classical ballet dance instructor presented bilateral hip pain. The plain radiograph showed end-stage osteoarthritic change in the bilateral hip. She could neither dance nor perform daily activities. Bilateral hybrid total hip arthroplasty (THA) was performed. After surgery, she was able to demonstrate the split position on the floor as an active classical ballerina. The plain radiograph was taken in the split position, and the radiograph did not show any characteristics of impingement or subluxation of the femoral head. Conclusion: She was able to continue working as a classical ballet instructor after bilateral THA. Additionally, any characteristics of impingement or subluxation of the femoral head were not revealed in the postoperative radiograph in the split position.

9.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 16(1): 357, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34074291

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The postoperative pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remains a critical issue. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical effectiveness of percutaneous periarticular injection at 1 day following simultaneous bilateral TKA. METHODS: A total of 88 knees in 44 patients who underwent simultaneous bilateral TKA were randomly assigned to receive a percutaneous periarticular injection at 1 day following surgery (n = 22 patients) or no injection (n = 22 patients). In the additional injection group, we injected a solution including methylprednisolone, ropivacaine, and epinephrine into the muscle belly of the vastus medialis at 1 day after surgery. In both groups, patients received an intraoperative periarticular multi-drug injection and postoperative intravenous and oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The primary outcome measure was the postoperative pain at rest using a visual analog scale (VAS) and analyzed with Student's t test. RESULTS: Compared to the no additional injection group, the additional periarticular injection group had significantly lower VAS score at 8:00 PM postoperative day 1, 6:00 AM postoperative day 2, 12:00 PM postoperative day 2, 6:00 AM postoperative day 5, 12:00 PM postoperative day 5, and 8:00 PM postoperative day 5 (p < 0.05). The rate of complication did not differ between groups (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Additional percutaneous periarticular injection at 1 day following TKA adding to intraoperative periarticular injection provided better postoperative pain relief. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Registered at the University Hospital Medical Information Network (registration number: UMIN000029759 ).

10.
J Med Case Rep ; 15(1): 284, 2021 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34078448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To the best of our knowledge, arthroscopic treatment for symptomatic mucoid degeneration of the posterior cruciate ligament in young athletes has not been reported before. CASE PRESENTATION: An 18-year-old Asian male college soccer player presented with a 3-month history of right knee pain without episodes of trauma. Despite conservative treatment over the preceding 3 months, his symptoms persisted. Physical examination of the right knee revealed full range of motion, though posterior knee pain was induced when the knee approached full flexion. On ligament examination, posterior sagging and Lachman test were negative, and no clinical finding indicative of ligament insufficiency was noted. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a diffusely thickened posterior cruciate ligament with increased signal intensity on the T2-weighted sequence. A few intact fibers were observed with continuous margin from origin to insertion. Based on the patient's history and the magnetic resonance imaging findings, we suspected mucoid degeneration of the posterior cruciate ligament as the cause of the patient's symptoms. Since conservative treatment had failed to relieve the symptoms, arthroscopic treatment was indicated. Arthroscopic examination revealed yellowish crumbly tissues along the thickened posterior cruciate ligament. Tension and bulk of the posterior cruciate ligament were well preserved. Curettage of degenerative tissue and decompression of the posterior cruciate ligament resulted in symptom relief without instability of the knee joint. The patient returned to play at 3 months. At 12 months, postoperative magnetic resonance imaging showed no evidence of recurrence and indicated that the remaining posterior cruciate ligament was thicker than before the surgery. At 2 years follow-up, the patient remained asymptomatic and could play soccer at the same level as before the onset of pain. CONCLUSIONS: Arthroscopic decompression of the posterior cruciate ligament may relieve knee pain and facilitate early return to play with good functional results.


Assuntos
Ligamento Cruzado Posterior , Futebol , Adolescente , Artroscopia , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Ligamento Cruzado Posterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamento Cruzado Posterior/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular
11.
World Neurosurg ; 151: e821-e827, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33964494

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to compare clinical outcomes between patients undergoing transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) using percutaneous pedicle screw (PPS) and cortical bone trajectory (CBT) by a single surgeon. METHODS: This was a retrospective matched-cohort study of 77 patients (mean age, 71.7 years; 56% female) who underwent TLIF using CBT or PPS. Thirty-nine consecutive patients in the CBT group and 38 patients in the PPS group were matched for age, sex, and fused levels. All CBT screws were inserted by using a three-dimensional patient-specific guide (MySpine MC, Medacta). Perioperative outcomes of operative time, estimated blood loss, numeric rating scale scores, and serum concentration of creatine kinase were compared between the 2 groups. At 1 year postoperatively, clinical outcomes and radiographic outcomes, including cage subsidence, screw loosening, and fusion rates, were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: The numeric rating scale scores on postoperative days 3 and 7 and serum creatine kinase levels on postoperative days 1 and 3 were significantly lower in the CBT group than in the PPS group (all P < 0.005). There were no significant intergroup differences in operation time and estimated blood loss. At postoperative 1 year, there were no significant differences in cage subsidence, screw loosening, and fusion rates between the CBT group and PPS group. Clinical outcomes were equivalent between the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: The CBT technique using three-dimensional patient-specific guides resulted in lower perioperative pain and quicker recovery after surgery, which suggests that CBT is a less invasive procedure than PPS.


Assuntos
Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Osso Cortical/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Parafusos Pediculares , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Hell J Nucl Med ; 24(1): 36-44, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33866337

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical utility of quantitative values obtained with bone single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) for primary bone neoplasms. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Bone SPECT/CT scans of 23 patients with 19 benign bone neoplasms (5 osteoid osteomas, 4 bone giant cell tumor, 4 osteofibrous dysplasia, 3 intraosseous ganglion, 2 aneurysmal bone cyst, 1 intraosseous hemangioma) and 5 malignant bone neoplasms (2 osteosarcoma, 1 periosteal osteosarcoma, 1 malignancy in bone giant cell tumor, 1 Ewing sarcoma) were retrospectively analyzed with maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), peak SUV (SUVpeak), mean SUV (SUVmean), metabolic bone volume (MBV), and total bone uptake (TBU) of primary lesions. RESULTS: Mean SUVmax of 19 benign and 5 malignant primary bone neoplasms were 6.89±3.26 (range 3.9-15.13) and 10.31±3.19 (5.0-13.45) respectively, with statistically significant difference (P=0.048). Mean SUVpeak of those were 5.87±2.83 (range 3.5-13.63) and 9.18±3.05 (4.09-12.03) respectively, with statistically significant difference (P=0.032). Mean SUVmean of those were 4.43±2.11 (range 2.59-9.37) and 7.13±2.90 (3.3-10.42) respectively, with statistically significant difference (P=0.027). Mean MBV of those were 22.0±30.0 (range 2.47-110.61) and 27.8±39.94 (8.59-99.24) respectively, with no statistically significant difference (P=0.72). Mean TBU of those were 80.64±94.57 (range 10.50-373.57) and 166.60±203.97 (28.68-528.13) respectively, with no statistically significant difference (P=0.17). CONCLUSION: Quantitative values obtained with bone SPECT/CT may serve as osteoblastic biomarkers for primary bone neoplasm.

13.
Knee ; 29: 411-417, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33714928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the status of cartilage repair by second-look arthroscopy following double-level osteotomy (DLO) performed for osteoarthritic knees with severe varus deformity. METHODS: Forty-seven consecutive knees in 33 patients who underwent DLO were included in the study. The surgical technique used was a minimally invasive DLO procedure combining lateral closed-wedge distal femoral and medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomies. In the second-look arthroscopic evaluation, the following grading system proposed by Koshino was adopted: Stage A, no repair; stage B, pink fibrous tissue with or without partial coverage with white fibrocartilage; and stage C, total coverage with cartilage. The findings corresponding to stage B or C were considered as repaired. Arthroscopic assessment was performed for each compartment. Clinical outcomes were evaluated using the validated outcome measures. RESULTS: The mean age at surgery was 62.8 ± 6.2 years (range: 45-75 years), and the mean time period from DLO to second-look arthroscopy was 17.1 ± 5.0 months (range: 12-33 months). Cartilage repair to some extent was identified in over 90% of the medial femoral and tibial condyles, and 12.8% of the patellar facet. As for clinical scores, both Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and the International Knee Documentation Committee Subjective Knee Form (IKDC) subjective scores significantly improved after surgery (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Evaluation of the present study subjects showed that DLO could induce cartilage repair in the majority of the affected femoral and tibial articular surfaces with significant clinical improvement. In the patellar facet, however, cartilage repair could be identified in only 12.8% of cases.


Assuntos
Artroscopia , Cartilagem Articular/patologia , Cartilagem Articular/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Cirurgia de Second-Look , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Deformidades Articulares Adquiridas/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteotomia/métodos
14.
Spine Surg Relat Res ; 5(1): 16-21, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33575490

RESUMO

Introduction: Delirium after spine surgery is an important complication; identification of risk factors associated with postoperative delirium (PD) is essential for reducing its incidence. Prophylactic intervention for PD has been reported to be effective. This study aimed to identify risk factors for PD and determine the efficacy of a prevention program using a delirium risk scoring system for PD after spine surgery. Methods: This study was conducted in two stages. First, 294 patients (167 males, 127 females) who underwent spine surgery from 2013 to 2014 were assessed to examine the incidence and risk factors of PD and to establish a novel PD screening tool (Group A). Second, preoperative intervention was performed on 265 patients who underwent surgery from 2016 to 2017 (Group B) for the purpose of preventing PD using a delirium risk scoring system. Outcomes, including PD incidence and rates of adverse events, were compared between Group A and Group B. Results: A logistic regression analysis revealed that psychiatric disorders (odds ratio [OR] = 10.3, P < 0.001), benzodiazepine use (OR = 4.9, P < 0.001), age > 70 years (OR = 4.2, P < 0.001), hearing loss (OR = 3.7, P = 0.001), and admission to intensive care unit (ICU) (OR = 3.7, P = 0.006) were independent risk factors associated with PD. Based on these results, we established a novel delirium screening tool after spine surgery. PD incidence was significantly higher in Group A than in Group B (22% vs. 13%, P = 0.0008). The occurrence of dangerous behavioral symptoms was significantly higher in Group A than in Group B (66% vs. 40%, P = 0.02). The catheter problem tended to be higher in Group A than in Group B (19% vs. 9%, P = 0.245). Conclusions: In this study, psychiatric disorders, benzodiazepine use, age > 70 years, hearing loss, and admission to ICU were independent risk factors associated with PD. With the introduction of the delirium risk score, the onset of delirium was delayed, and adverse outcomes of delirium were reduced.

15.
Knee ; 29: 167-173, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33636565

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Correction of coronal plane deformity by osteotomies around the knee is theoretically three-dimensional (3D) and can be associated with changes in other planes. It has been shown that 3D rotational changes are induced by biplanar high tibial osteotomy; however, relevant information in biplanar lateral closed-wedge distal femoral osteotomy (LCW-DFO) has not been reported in literatures. This study aimed to investigate rotational changes in axial and sagittal planes in LCW-DFO using computer-aided design (CAD) simulations. METHODS: LCW-DFO is composed of three cuts: one ascending cut and two transverse cuts. In the simulations, the following geometrical parameters were adopted as factors potentially influencing 3D changes occurring in the osteotomy. The ascending cut angle measured as the angle between the edge of the ascending cut and the edge of the transverse cut in the lateral view, and the ascending cut obliquity measured as the angle corresponding to anterior/posterior inclination of the ascending cut with reference to the posterior condylar tangent line in the axial view. In the analysis, the effects of these bony cut angles on associated rotational changes in the axial and sagittal planes (internal/external rotation and flexion/extension) were calculated. Variation of wedge size ranged from 2 to 8 mm. RESULTS: The degree of the ascending cut obliquity substantially correlated with associated change in the sagittal plane (extension/flexion) while inducing only minimal change in rotation in the axial plane (internal/external rotation). When the osteotomy was made without ascending cut obliquity, the change in knee extension/flexion was minimal for the conditions analyzed while coupled internal rotation of the distal bony segment was induced. CONCLUSIONS: In biplanar LCW-DFO, the ascending cut angle substantially influenced the amount of internal rotation of the distal bony segment with little effect on flexion/extension angles. By contrast, ascending cut obliquity in the axial plane yields an effect on flexion/extension angles and little effect on internal rotation of the distal bony segment.


Assuntos
Fêmur/cirurgia , Joelho/cirurgia , Osteotomia/métodos , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Humanos , Joelho/anatomia & histologia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Modelos Anatômicos , Orientação Espacial , Rotação
16.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 112(2): e83-e85, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33482167

RESUMO

A 67-year-old woman presented with a thoracic dumbbell-shaped tumor at the left T3-4 level. One-staged surgical resection using the spinal and robotic-assisted thoracic approach without repositioning was planned. The patient was placed in the prone position under general anesthesia. First the tumor was dissected from the dura after T3 left hemilaminectomy and T3/4 left facetectomy. Then posterior spinal fixation was performed. Second 3 ports were placed in her left thoracic cavity without repositioning, and the tumor was resected using a robotic-assisted thoracic approach. The tumor was a schwannoma without malignant potential. Convalescence was uneventful, and she was discharged 14 days postoperatively.


Assuntos
Neurilemoma/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Neoplasias Torácicas/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Torácicos/métodos , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico , Posicionamento do Paciente , Neoplasias Torácicas/diagnóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
17.
Spine J ; 21(2): 343-351, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32853793

RESUMO

BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Spinal cord injury (SCI) can lead to increased phosphorylation of p38 in spinal cord microglia. This is one of the main causes for the development of persistent pain. Recently, we reported our study on the activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) in spinal microglia, which has been considered the key molecule for the onset and maintenance of neuropathic pain after peripheral nerve injury, using a rat model. We also reported that the RhoA/Rho-associated coiled-coil containing protein kinase (ROCK) pathway mediates p38 activation in spinal microglia in peripheral nerve injury. But the precise mechanisms of neuropathic pain induced by SCI are still unclear. PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the activation of microglia and the p38 MAPK expression in the lumbar spinal cord after thoracic SCI in rats, and the correlation to the therapeutic effect of ROCK inhibitor ripasudil in rats with SCI. STUDY DESIGN: Male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent thoracic (T10) spinal cord contusion injury using an Infinite Horizon impactor device. SCI rats received ROCK inhibitor ripasudil (24 nmol/day or 240 nmol/day) from just before SCI to 3 days after SCI. METHODS: The mechanical threshold in the rat's hind paws was measured over four weeks. Morphology of microglia and phosphorylation of p38 (p-p38) in the lumbar spinal cord and were analyzed using immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: The p-p38 positive cell and Iba1 (a maker of microglia) positive area were significantly increased at the lumbar spinal dorsal horn (L4-5) 3 days and 7 days after SCI compared with the sham-control (p<.05), whereas phosphorylated p38 was co-localized with microglia. Three days after SCI, the intensity of phosphorylated p38 and Iba1 immunoreactive cells in the dorsal horn was significantly lower in the ripasudil treated groups than in the saline group. However, administration of ROCK inhibitor did not affect the numbers of microglia. Moreover, the withdrawal threshold of the ripasudil-treated rats was significantly higher than that of the saline-injected rats on 14 days and 28 days after SCI. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that activation of ROCK in spinal cord microglia is likely to have an important role in the activation of p38 MAPK, which has been considered as a key molecule that switches on neuropathic pain after SCI. Inhibition of ROCK signaling may offer a means in developing a novel neuropathic pain treatment after SCI. It may help patients with neuropathic pain after SCI. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The findings in the present study regarding intracellular mechanisms suggest that modulation of ROCK signaling may be a focus for novel treatment for neuropathic pain after SCI.

18.
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc ; 29(2): 381-388, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32248273

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We hypothesized that patient treated with OWHTO who participate in high-impact sports would attain satisfactory outcome. The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical and radiological outcomes in a consecutive series of opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) in highly active patients. METHODS: Seventy-seven consecutive patients who underwent OWHTO with varus osteoarthritic knees were included in the study. The mean age of the study population was 56.1 years. All patients were followed for a minimum of 2 years. Clinical and radiological evaluations were performed at 12 and 24 months after surgery. The clinical results were evaluated using the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) Subjective Score. In regards to radiological assessment, the following parameters were measured in full-length weightbearing radiographs both pre- and postoperatively; mechanical tibiofemoral angle (mTFA), mechanical lateral distal femoral angle (mLDFA), and weight bearing line (WBL) ratio. RESULTS: Fifty-eight patients (75.3%) returned to the same high-impact sports activities as before surgery, with a mean time to return of 8.7 ± 2.7 months (6-14 months). In the clinical assessments, the IKDC subjective score and KOOS both improved from the mean preoperative scores of 38.4 and 217.4 points to the mean postoperative scores of 74.5 and 421.6 points, respectively. The mean pre-symptomatic Tegner activity scale was 5.3 ± 0.6 and significantly decreased to 4.8 ± 1.2 at 2 years postoperative (p < 0.05). In the radiological evaluation, the postoperative mTFA, mMPTA, and WBL ratio values averaged 1.3° ± 2.2° valgus, 90.7° ± 2.9°, and 51.6% ± 8.4°, respectively, at 24 months after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical outcomes based on postoperative patient-reported outcome measures and rate of return to high-impact sports activities were favorable after OWHTO in patients with knee OA who desired to continue sporting activities with the Tegner activity score of ≥ 5 points. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Retrospective case series, IV.


Assuntos
Atletas , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteotomia/métodos , Volta ao Esporte , Tíbia/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Fêmur/cirurgia , Humanos , Joelho/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Escore de Lysholm para Joelho , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Radiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esportes , Resultado do Tratamento , Suporte de Carga
19.
Clin Spine Surg ; 34(1): E26-E31, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32349057

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective single-center study. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the incidence of anterior longitudinal ligament rupture (ALLR) and to identify the risk factors for ALLR in patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LIF) has been widely used for ASD surgery. However, ALLR has been occasionally identified after posterior spinal correction surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 43 consecutive patients (8 male and 35 female patients) who underwent posterior corrective surgery involving LIF (128 levels) for ASD between 2014 and 2018. The mean age was 72±7 years (range: 62-81 y), and the minimum follow-up period was 1 year [mean: 34±15 mo (range: 12-58 mo)]. Posterior correction and fusion surgery using the cantilever technique was performed following LIF. Oblique LIF was performed in 27 patients, and extreme lateral interbody fusion (XLIF) was performed in 16 patients. The mean number of spinal fused levels was 8.9±1.8 levels (range: 8-15), and the mean number of LIF levels was 3±0.6 levels (range: 2-4). ALLR was considered if a LIF cage showed no contact with the vertebral endplates. The radiographic parameters were thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis (LL), pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt, and sagittal vertical axis. RESULTS: ALLR occurred in 10 patients (22%) and at 11 levels (8.6%). XLIF and preexisting osteoporotic vertebral fracture were identified as independent risk factors for ALLR. The change in LL was ∼10 degrees greater in the ALLR group than in the non-ALLR group (P=0.017), and overcorrection was observed in the ALLR group (PI-LL: -7.9±7 degrees). The change in the segmental lordotic angle at the ALLR level was much larger than after LIF and correction surgery. ALLR-related reoperation was performed in 2 cases (decompression surgery owing to posterior impingement and rod breakage). CONCLUSIONS: ALLR occurred in 10 patients (22%). XLIF and preexisting osteoporotic vertebral fracture were independent risk factors for ALLR. Overcorrection was observed in patients with ALLR.

20.
Geriatr Gerontol Int ; 21(1): 54-59, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33245209

RESUMO

AIM: We speculated that low back pain, which is the most common ailment in older adults, is associated with frailty and/or sarcopenia and contributes to the progression of either condition. Our objective was to evaluate the relationship between low back pain, sarcopenia and frailty in rural Japanese community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: We recruited 730 participants aged ≥65 years who underwent a comprehensive health examination between November 2016 and December 2018. The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) was used to assess low back pain quantitatively, and scores were compared for the frail groups determined by the Japanese version of Cardiovascular Health Study, and the sarcopenia groups as determined by the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia 2019. RESULTS: Among 730 participants, the prevalence of low back pain was 57.8%. There were significant differences in the ODI scores between the robust, prefrail and frail groups (P < 0.001). In contrast, there were no significant differences in the ODI scores among the robust, low appendicular skeletal muscle and sarcopenia groups. Logistic regression analysis showed that the prevalence of low back pain and the ODI scores were significantly associated with frailty after adjustment for age, sex and body mass index (odds ratio 3.41, 95% confidence interval 1.39-8.39, P = 0.008, and odds ratio 1.06, 95% confidence interval 1.04-1.09, P < 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to show the close association between low back pain and frailty, and suggests that not only the decline in physical function but also neuropsychiatric factors, including chronic pain, constitute a vicious cycle of frailty in community-dwelling older adults. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2021; 21: 54-59.

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