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1.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602276

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Additive manufacturing (AM) is a technology that has been recently introduced into dentistry for fabricating dental devices, including interim restorations. Printing orientation is one of the important and influential factors in AM that affects the accuracy, surface roughness, and mechanical characteristics of printed objects. However, the optimal print orientation for best bond strength to 3D-printed interim restorations remains unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of printing orientation on the surface roughness, topography, and shear bond strength of AM interim restorations to composite resin. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Disk-shaped specimens (Ø20×10 mm) were designed by a computer-aided design software program (Geomagic freeform), and a standard tessellation language (STL) file was obtained. The STL file was used for the AM of 60 disks in 3 different printing orientations (0, 45, and 90 degrees) by using E-Dent 400 C&B material. An autopolymerizing interim material (Protemp 4) was used as a control group (CNT), and specimens were fabricated by using the injecting mold technique (n=20). Surface roughness (Sa, Sz parameters) was measured by using a 3D-laser scanning confocal microscope (CLSM) at ×20 magnification. For shear bond testing, the specimens were embedded in polymethylmethacrylate autopolymerized resin (n=20). A flowable composite resin was bonded by using an adhesive system. The specimens were stored in distilled water at 37 °C for 1 day and thermocycled 5000 times. The shear bond strength (SBS) was measured at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. The data were analyzed by 1-way ANOVA, followed by the Tukey HSD test (α=.05). RESULTS: The 45-degree angulation printing group reported the highest Sa, followed by the CNT and the 90-degree and 0-degree angulations with significant difference between them (P<.001). The CNT showed the highest Sz, followed by the 45-degree, 90-degree, and 0-degree angulations. The mean ±standard deviation SBS was 28.73 ±5.82 MPa for the 90-degree, 28.21 ±10.69 MPa for the 45-degree, 26.21 ±11.19 MPa for the 0-degree angulations and 25.39 ±4.67 MPa for the CNT. However, no statistically significant difference was found in the SBS among the groups (P=.475). CONCLUSIONS: Printing orientation significantly impacted the surface roughness of 3D-printed resin for interim restorations. However, printing orientation did not significantly affect the bond strength with composite resin.

2.
Dent Mater J ; 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602588

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the pulpal responses of monkey's pulp after direct pulp capping (DPC) with the novel mineral trioxide aggregate containing phosphorylated pullulan-based material (MTAPPL). Seventy-two teeth were randomly divided into four groups: MTAPPL; Nex-Cem MTA (NX); TheraCal LC (TH); and Dycal (DY). Histopathological changes in the pulps were observed at days 3, 7 and 70. On day 3, mild inflammatory responses were observed in the MTAPPL, no to moderate inflammatory responses in the TH, whereas moderate inflammatory responses in the NX and DY. No mineralized tissue formation (MTF) was observed in all groups. On day 7, no or mild inflammatory responses were observed in all groups. Initial MTF was observed except for DY. No inflammation with complete MTF including presence of odontoblast-like cells was observed in the MTAPPL, NX and TH groups at day 70. These findings indicate that MTAPPL could be an efficient DPC material.

3.
J Adhes Dent ; 23(5): 461-467, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34549929

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) of a one-step self-etch adhesive (1-SEA) to dentin and its interfacial nanomechanical properties after 8 years of water storage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Flat coronal dentin surfaces of extracted human third molars were bonded with a 1-SEA (Clearfil S3 Bond Plus, CS3+) and built up with a hybrid resin composite (Clearfil AP-X). After storage in water for 24 h or 8 years, non-trimmed stick-shaped specimens were fabricated from the central part of each bonded tooth and subjected to the µTBS test at a crosshead speed of 1.0 mm/min. Failure modes and the morphology of debonded interfaces were analyzed using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). In addition, the elastic modulus (E) and hardness (H) of the adhesive layer and the resin composite were determined by an instrumented nanoindentation test. The acquired µTBS, E, and H data were statistically analyzed using t-tests to examine the effect of storage time (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The 8-year µTBS was slightly lower than that after 24 h, but the difference was not significant (p = 0.123). The SEM observation of debonded surfaces after 8 years revealed extrusions and lacunas. E and H of the adhesive layer and the resin composite significantly decreased over the 8-year water storage (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Although 8 years of water storage did not decrease the µTBS of CS3+ significantly, the observed failure mode patterns and significantly decreased nanomechanical properties indicated resin degradation of the adhesive and the resin composite.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Dentina , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Adesivos Dentinários , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Estresse Mecânico , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
4.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542233

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This in vitro study investigated the influence of resin coating on the bonding performance of self-adhesive resin cements in single-visit computer-aided design (CAD)/computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) resin restorations. MATERIALS AND METHOD: CAD/CAM resin (1.5-mm thick) was mounted on 20 noncoated and 20 resin-coated human dentin surfaces using dual-cured self-adhesive resin cements (Panavia SA Cement Plus or Panavia SA Cement Universal, Kuraray Noritake Dental) in either self-curing or dual-curing mode. These specimens were sectioned into beam-shaped sticks and subjected to microtensile bond strength tests after 24 h of water storage. The obtained data were statistically analyzed with three-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and t tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The three-way ANOVA results revealed the significant influence of resin coating, resin cement, and curing mode. Resin coating and light curing led to higher bond strengths in almost all groups. Resin-coated dentin with Panavia SA Cement Plus exhibited a mean bond strength greater than 35 MPa in both self-curing and dual-curing modes. CONCLUSIONS: In single-visit CAD/CAM resin restorations, resin coating, resin cement selection, and curing mode influenced the bonding performance of self-adhesive resin cements. In addition, resin coating and light curing increased the bond strength of self-adhesive resin cements. Resin coating and light curing are encouraged for predictable bonding performance of dual-cured self-adhesive resin cements in single-visit CAD/CAM resin restorations.

5.
Talanta ; 235: 122718, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517586

RESUMO

A chairside tool for quantitative analysis of dental caries would improve clinical dental inspections. The wireless caries sensing tool with dental-explorer size has been developed comparing two sensing methods, Raman reading and pH reading for evaluating dental caries. The Raman spectra at 575 cm-1 and 960 cm-1 for in inorganic compounds, as well as 1450 cm-1 and 2940 cm-1 for organic compounds reinforced and supported the pH results. An Iridium/Iridium oxide (Ir/IrOx) pH sensing probe and wireless pH sensor (comprising an ESP8266 ESP-01 wireless module and ADS1115 analog digital converter) has been developed to quantitatively evaluate dental caries. All the operations of the wireless pH sensor were performed with a developed LabVIEW-based real-time data monitoring program. The slope and the linear fitting regression value (R2) of the wireless pH sensor using seven standards were -54.9 mV/pH and 0.999, respectively, showing high accuracy and stability for the pH measurements. The pH on the dental caries surface was measured with the wireless pH sensor, and the pH mapping results in the non-caries and caries areas were 6.9 and 5.7, respectively. The developed wireless pH sensor would be useful to understand the condition of dental caries and support dentists' inspection to remove only the caries part while keeping the non-caries structure.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Análise Espectral Raman , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Modelos Lineares , Compostos Orgânicos
6.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34383144

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the anti-demineralization potential of a newly developed surface reaction-type pre-reacted glass-ionomer (S-PRG) filler containing self-adhesive resin cement against acidic attacks on the dentin surface. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 32 bovine teeth were used. Cavities were prepared on crown dentin slaps and filled with three self-adhesive resin cement: (1) S-PRG-based cement, (2) Si-based cement, and (3) RelyX cement. Specimens were then subjected to pH cycling for 28 days, and the depth of demineralization was assessed using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) after 7, 14, 21, and 28 days. Sixty-four root dentin blocks were divided into four groups and then subjected to a pH cycling procedure with the aforementioned three material blocks and one negative control. The mineral loss was observed using transverse microradiography (TMR), and the surface microhardness (SMH) test was conducted to investigate the mechanical properties of treated dentin surfaces. RESULTS: The depth of demineralization for the S-PRG-based cement was significantly lower than that of the Si-based cement after 7, 21, and 28 days. Conversely, the RelyX cement was not significantly different from the Si-based cement after 7, 14, and 21 days (p < 0.05). Regarding the TMR and SMH test, the S-PRG-based cement showed the least mineral loss with the highest resistance to acidic challenge. CONCLUSION: The S-PRG filler containing resin cement can reduce mineral loss and promote remineralization of dentin substrate and has the potential to preserve dentin integrity and resist acidic attack. Clinical significance Self-adhesive resin cement containing S-PRG fillers maintained the surface integrity of dentin after exposure to 28 days of acidic challenge with a significant anti-demineralization effect.

7.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34341862

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This longitudinal study aimed to investigate morphologically and quantitatively the progression of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) using a confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM) and replica models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The samples examined comprised sets of replicas annually obtained from 83 lesions in 16 participants over 3 to 5 years. All lesions were visually categorized as wedge-shaped, saucer-shaped, or mixed-shaped lesions. CLSM images of the replicas were analyzed in terms of axial depth, occlusogingival width (height) in the buccolingual cross-section, and estimated volume using a custom code of the image analysis software to estimate the progression of the NCCLs over time. The morphological characteristics of the NCCLs were also objectively divided into three groups according to the depth to height ratio (D/H ratio). Fisher's exact test and the Cochran-Armitage trend test were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Saucer-shaped lesions progressed mainly in height, whereas wedge-shaped lesions increased both in height and depth. Annual progression in depth and volume significantly increased as the D/H ratio increased. More than half of the NCCLs with a small D/H ratio progressed 50 µm or more in height, whereas none of them progressed more than 50 µm in depth. Annual progression in depth significantly increased as the lesion depth at baseline increased. CONCLUSIONS: Progression patterns significantly differed between NCCLs of different shapes. Most NCCLs progressed slowly in depth regardless of their shape. Moreover, NCCLs may progress through active and inactive stages.

8.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 15734, 2021 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344982

RESUMO

This study investigated the interaction of borate ions released from surface pre-reacted glass ionomer (S-PRG) fillers with the biological apatites of enamel and dentin using solid-state (SS) magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS-NMR) spectroscopy analysis. We further evaluated the effect of borate ions on the pH change. Bovine enamel and dentin powder were submerged in S-PRG eluate (with borate ion concentration of 100 mM) for 3 h, then washed with deionized water (DW). The dried enamel and dentin specimens were used for 11B SS-NMR and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) analysis. Enamel and dentin blocks were treated with three solutions: DW (control), S-PRG eluent and borate solution (100 mM). The treated samples were submerged in the demineralization solution and the pH was measured using a pH meter daily for 6 days. The surfaces of the enamel and dentin blocks were then observed using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). SS-NMR analysis revealed the presence of adsorbed borate ions in the enamel and dentin samples in a tetra-coordinated form. The pH results demonstrated an increase in pH values in the S-PRG and borate groups. SEM images showed that the surfaces of the control group were demineralized, whereas the surfaces of the S-PRG and borate groups were intact. These results concluded that borate ions could be adsorbed to enamel and dentin in the tetra-coordinated form. Borate ions possess a buffer capacity which may help to protect the tooth structure against acid attacks and promote remineralization.

9.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 123: 104758, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34385066

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different preparation and framework designs on the retention of posterior resin bonded fixed dental prostheses (RBFDPs) made from monolithic zirconia ceramic. Forty-eight caries-free upper premolars and forty-eight upper third molars were used in this study. The teeth were randomly divided into six main groups (n = 8 each) according to the preparation design of two-retainer RBFDPs: narrow or wide rest, combined with 0, 1 or 2 retainer wings. All RBFDPs were milled from monolithic zirconia (KATANA Zirconia ML). They were bonded using Panavia V5 with its corresponding primer, and underwent thermodynamic loading (98 N, 1,200,000 cycles). Retention was evaluated for the surviving RBFDPs in a universal testing machine by means of a debonding test. Failure modes were evaluated using a light microscope. Data was statistically analyzed by Kruskal-Shapiro-Wilk followed by Mann-Whitney with Bonferroni correction for multiple testing. The survival rates after the chewing simulation were 75% (group narrow rest/no retainer wing), 62.5% (group wide rest/no retainer wing) and 100% (the other groups). The mean retention ranged from 31 N to 766 N. Designs with two retainer wings showed significantly higher bond strength than the other designs (p ≤ 0.05). The rest width did not show a significant effect on the retention. Posterior RBFDPs with a modified design (occlusal rest and two retainer wings) exhibited promising durability and retention. Designs with two additional retainer wings should be preferred over designs with one or no retainer wing, irrespectively of the rest width.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Prótese Dentária , Dente Pré-Molar , Cerâmica , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Mastigação , Próteses e Implantes , Cimentos de Resina , Zircônio
10.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9731280, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34368356

RESUMO

A fluoride-releasing adhesive system is expected to promote mineralization of demineralized dentin/enamel around a composite restoration, thereby contributing to the longevity of the restoration. Scanning electron microscopic (SEM) and transmission electron microscopic (TEM) observations revealed the formation of an "acid-base resistant zone" (ABRZ) beneath the hybrid layer when dentin was treated with a self-etch adhesive system. A thicker ABRZ was formed from the upper slope to the end of the outer lesion, indicating greater resistance against an acid-base challenge, when a fluoride-releasing self-etch adhesive system was used. The slope formation of a fluoride-releasing adhesive is believed to be due to fluoride-release from the adhesive. Quantitative assessment of the acid resistance was performed at the interface using the region of interest (ROI) mode of a digital image analysis software package. The area of the ABRZ is influenced by the concentration of fluoride release from the adhesive resin. The threshold of fluoride concentration in the adhesive may exist to influence the morphology of the ABRZ. X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) analysis of the dentin treated with different concentrations of NaF-mouth rinses suggested that different fluoride concentrations result in the formation of different chemical compounds, such as fluorapatite and CaF2-like structures, on the dentin surface. This may explain the differences in µTBS values and morphological appearance of the ABRZ. NaF is effective in enhancing the enamel/dentin bond durability and also helps create a high quality of ARBZ to improve the clinical success of restorations.


Assuntos
Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Ácidos/química , Adesivos/química , Álcalis/química , Fluoretos/análise , Dentina/ultraestrutura
11.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34417668

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of experimental cleaners containing 10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (MDP) on the saliva decontamination of ceramic and their influence in restoring zirconia's adherence to resin cement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four hundred sixty alumina-blasted zirconia specimens were categorized into saliva-contaminated and uncontaminated groups which were treated with ceramic primer (P), experimental cleaner 1 (C1), C1 followed by P (C1P), experimental cleaner 2 (C2), and C2 followed by P (C2P). Stainless-steel rods were then attached to the specimens using PanaviaV5 cement (Kuraray Noritake Dental; Tokyo, Japan). Tensile bond strength (TBS) test was performed after 24 h and 5000 thermocycling processes. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis and contact angle measurement of the specimen were performed. The TBS data were analyzed by Weibull analysis and three-way ANOVA. Contact angle data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA (α = 0.05). RESULTS: C2P groups showed the highest TBS in all conditions among tested groups. Saliva contamination led to a significant reduction of TBS in primer- and cleaner-treated groups, with no significant impact on C2P. Adhesive failure was predominant in contaminated groups except with the C1P and C2P groups. XPS revealed that a nitrogen peak was observed on contaminated groups but not in primed groups. The contact angle was significantly affected by saliva contamination, the cleaners, and/or ceramic primer usage (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The MDP cleaner followed by the MDP primer protocol may overcome the effect of saliva contamination and improve the resin-ceramic bond strength. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: It is recommended to use a combination of MDP-containing cleaner 2 and ceramic primer as a chair-side chemical pretreatment for zirconia substrate with or without saliva contamination.

12.
J Adhes Dent ; 23(4): 327-334, 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34269543

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The effect of surface moisture on bur-cut dentin on the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) of universal adhesives with various contents of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and methacrylamide monomers was evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Flat mid-coronal dentin surfaces of human molars were exposed, and a standardized smear layer was prepared using a fine-grit diamond bur. The surfaces were either left wet or air dried for 10 s before bonding with Clearfil Universal Bond Quick (UBQ), experimental UBQ without an amide monomer (UBQexp), Scotchbond Universal (SBU), Prime&Bond Universal (PBU), or BeautiBond Universal (BBU). The specimens were built up with resin composite, sectioned into sticks and subjected to the µTBS test after 24 h or 10,000 thermal cycles. The µTBS data were analyzed using three-way ANOVA followed by pairwise comparisons with Bonferroni's correction (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The level of dentin moisture did not significantly affect µTBS of UBQ and BBU (p > 0.05). HEMA-containing UBQ, UBQexp, and SBU exhibited higher µTBS to dry dentin, while HEMA-free PBU and BBU showed higher µTBS to wet dentin. Thermocycling significantly decreased the µTBS of UBQexp (p < 0.01) and BBU (p < 0.001) irrespective of dentin moisture level, while SBU was significantly affected only on dry dentin (p < 0.001). Thermocycling had no significant effect on UBQ and PBU containing methacrylamide monomers (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Dry surfaces enabled obtaining optimal bonding for HEMA-containing adhesives to bur-cut dentin, while wet surfaces enabled optimal bonding for HEMA-free adhesives. Methacrylamide monomers could contribute to the improvement of the initial and long-term bonding performance of universal adhesives to bur-cut dentin.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Acrilamidas , Adesivos , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
13.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9987860, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34195290

RESUMO

Purpose: The potential of UV-mediated photofunctionalization to enhance the resin-based luting agent bonding performance to aged materials was investigated. Methods: Sixty samples of each material were prepared. Yttria-stabilized zirconia (YZr) and Pd-Au alloy (Pd-Au) plates were fabricated and sandblasted. Lithium disilicate glass-ceramic (LDS) was CAD-CAM prepared and ground with #800 SiC paper. Half of the specimens were immersed in machine oil for 24 h to simulate the carbon adsorption. Then, all of the specimens (noncarbon- and carbon-adsorbed) were submitted to UV-mediated photofunctionalization with a 15 W UV-LED (265 nm, 300 mA, 7692 µW/cm2) for 0 (control groups), 5, and 15 min and subjected to contact angle (Ɵ) measurement and bonded using a resin cement (Panavia™ V5, Kuraray Noritake, Japan). The tensile bond strength (TBS) test was performed after 24 h. The Ɵ (°) and TBS (MPa) data were statistically analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Bonferroni correction tests (α = 0.05). Results: In the carbon-adsorbed groups, UV-mediated photofunctionalization for 5 min significantly decreased Ɵ of all materials and increased TBS of YZr, and UV for 15 min significantly increased the TBS of LDS and Pd-Au. In noncarbon-adsorbed groups, UV-photofunctionalization did not significantly change the Ɵ or TBS except YZr specimens UV-photofunctionalized for 15 min. Conclusion: UV-mediated photofunctionalization might have removed the adsorbed hydrocarbon molecules from the materials' surfaces and enhanced bond strengths of Panavia™ V5 to YZr, LDS, and Pd-Au. Additionally, UV-mediated photofunctionalization improved the overall TBS of YZr. Further investigation on the optimum conditions of UV photofunctionalization on indirect restorative materials should be conducted.

14.
Dent Mater J ; 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234048

RESUMO

This study evaluated the alterations of surface topography of the bovine enamel caused by different pH of in-office bleaching agents. 23% H2O2 with pH 5.5, 7.0 and 8.5 were applied on the bovine tooth specimens (n=10) and photo-irradiated for 10 min. The bleaching procedure was repeated three times and specimens were subjected to linear surface roughness (Ra) and Vickers microhardness test (VHN) at baseline and after three consecutive applications. The morphological alterations were observed before and after third bleaching application. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's HSD. The pH of the bleaching agent significantly affects the Ra and VHN (p<0.05). Low pH yielded a significant increase in Ra and decrease in VHN. All the groups showed morphological alterations and profound effect was found in pH 5.5 group. It was concluded that the pH of the bleaching agent can affect Ra, VHN and surface morphology.

15.
Dent Mater J ; 40(5): 1243-1249, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34121023

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the impact of fluoride-releasing 4-META/MMA-TBB resin on the degree of enamel demineralization typically detected around orthodontic brackets using µCT. Enamel-dentin blocks were prepared from bovine teeth. Brackets were attached with either 4-META/MMA-TBB resin (SBC), fluoride-releasing 4-META/MMA-TBB resin (SBF), or fluoride-releasing RMGIC (FLC). The specimens were subjected to demineralization (pH 4.5, 21 days) and scanned by µCT (0, 7, and 21 days). Fluoride ion release under the experimental conditions was measured. The degree of demineralization detected in SBF and FLC was significantly lower than that in SBC; there were no significant differences in the degree of demineralization detected in SBF and FLC. The level of fluoride ion detected in FLC was significantly higher than that detected in SBC. Fluoride-releasing 4-META/MMA-TBB resin protected against enamel demineralization around orthodontic brackets when compared to the results from the fluoride-free resin.


Assuntos
Braquetes Ortodônticos , Desmineralização do Dente , Animais , Compostos de Boro , Bovinos , Esmalte Dentário , Fluoretos , Metacrilatos , Metilmetacrilatos , Braquetes Ortodônticos/efeitos adversos , Cimentos de Resina , Desmineralização do Dente/prevenção & controle
16.
J Adhes Dent ; 23(3): 233-242, 2021 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34060303

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of several etching products prior to the application of a one-step self-etch adhesive (1-SEA) or two-step self-etch adhesive (2-SEA) on enamel by microshear bond strength (µSBS) testing and observation of the adhesive-enamel interface. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ground human enamel surfaces were randomly assigned to one of eight groups according to the combination of surface treatments (either no conditioner [NC], ME [Multi Etchant], EC [Enamel Conditioner], or KE [K-etchant Gel]) and adhesive (ADU [Adhese Universal] or SE2 [Clearfil SE Bond 2]). All groups were further divided into two subgroups: 0 or 10,000 thermal cycles (TC). Then, the µSBS test was performed. The adhesive-enamel interface after acid-base challenge and the surface structure after conditioner application were also observed. RESULTS: With 10,000 TCs, there was no statistically significant difference between ME-ADU and NC-ADU. On the other hand, the µSBS of EC-ADU or KE-ADU was significantly higher than that of NC-ADU, while that of ME-SE2 was significantly lower than NC-SE2. There was no significant difference between EC-SE2, NC-SE2, and KE-SE2. Formation of an acid-base resistance zone (ABRZ) was confirmed in all groups. However, funnel-shaped erosion, which indicates interfacial defects, was observed in the NC-ADU, ME-ADU, and ME-SE2 groups. CONCLUSION: For enamel bonding, application of EC or KE prior to ADU increased the bond strength and created a stable adhesive-enamel interface. On the other hand, SE2 also had stable shear bond strength and interface without the use of conditioners. However, ME decreased the bonding performance of SE2.


Assuntos
Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Colagem Dentária , Cimentos Dentários , Esmalte Dentário , Humanos , Teste de Materiais
17.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(10)2021 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34064860

RESUMO

The aims of this study were to investigate the feasibility of using a DLP 3D printer to fabricate a crown using scan data before tooth preparation, and to investigate the effect of additional heat curing on the mechanical properties of the urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA)-based 3D printed crown. A silicone fitting test was used to evaluate the internal adaptation of the crown. For ultimate tensile strength (UTS), the specimens were tested after 24 h storage in water at 37 °C or after 10,000 thermal cycles (TC) between 5-55 °C. For shear bond strength (SBS), a PMMA self-curing resin was filled into a Teflon ring mounted onto the polished UDMA specimens. The internal adaptation of the crowns fabricated with cement space was better than those with no cement space. There was no significant difference in UTS between light-curing and additional heat-curing groups after TC. As for the SBS, there was a significant difference after TC between the two groups. Crowns can be fabricated by a DLP 3D printer using pre-preparation scans with a cement space defined in the software. Additional heat curing of the UDMA-based crown reduced residual monomer and improved its mechanical properties.

18.
Dent Mater J ; 40(5): 1122-1128, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33980749

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the effects of a temporary sealing material and cleaning method of resin-coated dentin on the bond strength of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) inlay restorations. Resin-coated dentin surfaces were unsealed or temporarily sealed for 1 h or 1 week. For the temporarily sealed group, a hydraulic temporary sealing material was removed and further divided into four groups: without cleaning, cleaned with a rotational brush, a universal cleaner or an air-polishing device. Some specimens were investigated with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and the others were used for microtensile bond strength (MTBS) test. A sealing material could not be removed with a rotational brush, which resulted in pretest failures in all specimens after 1 h and which resulted in low MTBS after 1 week. An air-polishing device can clean resin-coated dentin temporarily sealed with a hydraulic temporary sealing material and resulted in the similar MTBS as in the unsealed group.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Dentina , Restaurações Intracoronárias , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
19.
Dent Mater ; 37(8): 1260-1272, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33965251

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate morphological, mechanical and chemical characteristics at resin-dentin interfaces using multiple combinations of adhesives and resins after a short-term biofilm-induced degradation. METHODS: Cervical cavities were prepared in bovine incisors, treated by Clearfil SE Bond 2 (SE) or FL-Bond II (FL), restored by Clearfil Majesty ES Flow (ES) or Beautifil Flow Plus (BFP) and grouped into SE-ES, SE-BFP, FL-ES and FL-BFP. After biofilm challenge, interfacial gaps and dentin wall lesions were examined by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Gap depth (GD), gap pattern scale (GPS) and dentin wall lesion depth (WLD) were evaluated from confocal laser scanning microscope. Microhardness of dentin lesions was measured with a Vickers microhardness tester. Chemical elements in resins and dentin wall lesions were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (SEM/EDS). Morphological structures of interfacial gaps were observed by SEM. RESULTS: OCT could detect adhesive-dentin-bonded and adhesive-dentin-debonded gaps. SE-containing groups showed significantly lower GPS than FL-containing groups. FL-BFP showed significantly lower WLD than FL-ES. Microhardness of dentin wall lesions was higher than that of outer lesions and they showed significant differences in FL-BFP. SE-BFP showed a lower GPS curve and higher intensities of Ca and P in the upper half of dentin wall lesions than other groups. From SEM, microgaps between filler and matrix, break and loss of matrix, separation of adhesive matrix with hybrid layer occurred at interfacial gaps. SIGNIFICANCE: The morphological, mechanical and chemical characteristics of resin-dentin interfacial degradation depend on the component and chemistry of restorative materials.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Dentina , Adesivos , Animais , Biofilmes , Bovinos , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Materiais Dentários , Adesivos Dentinários , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Cimentos de Resina , Propriedades de Superfície
20.
Odontology ; 109(4): 828-835, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33991277

RESUMO

The purpose is to evaluate the effect of photo-thermal acceleration on in-office bleaching efficiency using a bleaching agent without photocatalysts in vitro. Artificially discolored bovine lower incisors were prepared, and the mixed in-office bleaching material contained hydrogen peroxide 23% was applied by following treatment for 10 min: high-(HI group) and low-intensity LED lights (LI group), oven at 38 °C (OV group), and room temperature at 23 °C (RT group). Color was measured before and after bleaching and color difference (∆E*) was calculated. The data were statistically analyzed using a two-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc test. The temperature change (∆T) of applied bleaching agent in HI and LI groups was measured using a thermography and was analyzed using a T test. The bleaching procedures were repeated 6 times. Irradiation in the HI group resulted in the highest ΔE, followed by the LI group whose ΔE was significantly lower. Both irradiated modes exhibited higher ΔE compared to non-irradiated OV and RT groups which were not significantly different from each other. The average temperature rise of bleaching agents in HI and LI groups after 10 min irradiation was 15.00 °C and 11.80 °C, respectively. The effect of photo-thermal acceleration was proved for an in-office bleaching agent without photocatalysts in vitro.


Assuntos
Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Aceleração , Animais , Bovinos , Cor , Peróxido de Hidrogênio
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