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1.
J Orthop Sci ; 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32205020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal surgical procedure for the treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) remains controversial because there are few comprehensive studies that have investigated the surgical methods. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate evidence in the literature and to compare the surgical outcomes between anterior decompression with fusion (ADF) and laminoplasty, which are representative procedures for CSM. METHODS: An extensive literature search was performed using PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library to identify comparative studies of ADF and laminoplasty for CSM. The language was restricted to English, and the publication period was from January 2001 to July 2019. We only included studies of CSM and excluded studies that involved patients with ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament and treatments with posterior instrumented fusion. We extracted outcomes from the studies, such as preoperative and postoperative Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores, cervical alignment, surgical complications and reoperation rates. Then, a meta-analysis was performed on these surgical outcomes. RESULTS: Nine studies were obtained, and the quality of the studies was acceptable. In the meta-analysis, the preoperative JOA score was similar between the ADF and laminoplasty groups. The postoperative JOA scores and neurological recovery rates were not different between the ADF and laminoplasty groups. ADF exhibited more favorable results than laminoplasty in terms of postoperative cervical alignment. In contrast, overall complications were more frequently observed in the ADF group than in the laminoplasty group, leading to higher rates of reoperation. However, postoperative neck pain was more frequently observed in the laminoplasty group than in the ADF group. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review and meta-analysis showed both the merits and shortcomings of ADF and laminoplasty. ADF and laminoplasty showed similar results in terms of neurological recovery. Postoperative cervical lordosis was better preserved with ADF than with laminoplasty. However, ADF was associated with a higher incidence of surgical complications than laminoplasty.

2.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0229228, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32126108

RESUMO

Low back pain (LBP) is the most common cause of chronic pain. Numerous clinical scales are available for evaluating pain, but their objective criteria in the management of LBP patients remain unclear. This study aimed to determine an objective cutoff value for a change in the Pain Intensity Numerical Rating Scale (ΔPI-NRS) three months after LBP treatment. Its utility was compared with changes in six commonly used clinical scales in LBP patients: Pain Disability Assessment Scale (PDAS), Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (PSEC), Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS), EuroQoL 5 Dimension (EQ5D), and Locomo 25. We included 161 LBP patients treated in two representative pain management centers. Patients were partitioned into two groups based on patient's global impression of change (PGIC) three months after treatment: satisfied (PGIC = 1, 2) and unsatisfied (3-7). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to explore relevant scales in distinguishing the two groups. We found ΔPI-NRS to be most closely associated with PGIC status regardless of pre-treatment pain intensity, followed by ΔEQ5D, ΔPDAS, ΔPSEC, and ΔPCS. The ΔPI-NRS cutoff value for distinguishing the PGIC status was determined by ROC analysis to be 1.3-1.8 depending on pre-treatment PI-NRS, which was rounded up to ΔPI-NRS = 2 for general use. Spearman's correlation coefficient revealed close relationships between ΔPI-NRS and the six other clinical scales. Therefore, we determined cutoff values of these scales in distinguishing the status of ΔPI-NRS≥2 vs. ΔPI-NRS<2 to be as follows: ΔPDAS, 6.71; ΔPSEC, 6.48; ΔPCS, 6.48; ΔAIS, 1.91; ΔEQ5D, 0.08; and ΔLocomo 25, 9.31. These can be used as definitive indicator of therapeutic outcome in the management of chronic LBP patients.

3.
J Orthop Sci ; 2020 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32122744

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a major cause of chronic pain with nociceptive, neuropathic or both pain components, and a leading cause of disability. The objectives of this study were to determine the impact of background factors including previous use of drugs on outcomes of pharmacological therapy for CLBP in a nationwide multicenter prospective study. METHODS: The subjects were 474 patients (male: 41.9%, median age: 73.0) with CLBP. Background factors that could influence outcomes after pharmacological treatment for 6 months were examined: age, gender, body mass index (BMI), duration of CLBP, osteoporosis, history of spinal surgery, history of malignant tumor, smoking habit, employment status (yes or no), exercise habit (frequency), number of live-in family members, having something to do for pleasure, Center for Epidemiologic Studies depression scale (CES-D) score, and medication at baseline. Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, visual analogue scale (VAS) for LBP, JOA Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire (JOABPEQ), Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RDQ), Short-form 8-item health survey (SF-8), and EQ-5D were used for evaluation at baseline and after 6 months. Multivariate linear regression models were used in statistical analysis. RESULTS: Drugs for neuropathic pain at baseline (p < 0.001), Tramacet® at baseline (p < 0.05), weak opioids at baseline (p < 0.05), older age (p < 0.001), long disease duration (p < 0.005), history of spinal surgery (p < 0.001), and smoking habit (p < 0.001) had significant negative effects on outcomes. Employment (p < 0.05), exercise habit (p < 0.05), and CED-D at baseline (p < 0.001) had positive effects on outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to identify significant prognostic factors for outcomes of pharmacological treatment of CLBP. The neuropathic pain component of CLBP at baseline is a major significant negative factor for most outcomes involving improved pain, activities of daily life, and quality of life. Treatment strategies developed with consideration of these factors may be advantageous for recovery from CLBP.

4.
J Orthop Sci ; 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008876

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal surgical procedure for the treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) remains controversial. Recently, laminectomy/laminoplasty with instrumented fusion (LAMF) has been increasingly applied to treat CSM. However, few comprehensive studies have compared anterior decompression with fusion (ADF) and LAMF. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the evidence in the literature and to compare the surgical outcomes between the 2 procedures. Since the surgical outcomes and risks differ between patients with CSM and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) and between only posterior decompression and decompression with fusion treatments, we excluded patients with OPLL and patients with only posterior decompression in this review. METHODS: An extensive literature search was performed using PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library to identify comparative studies of ADF and LAMF for the treatment of CSM. The language was restricted to English, and the publication period was from January 2001 to July 2019. We only included studies about CSM and excluded studies that involved patients with ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament and with the treatment of posterior decompression without fusion. We extracted outcomes from the studies, such as preoperative and postoperative Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores, neck disability index (NDI) scores, cervical alignment data, and surgical complications. Then, a meta-analysis was performed on these surgical outcomes. RESULTS: Eleven studies were obtained, and the quality of the studies was acceptable. In the meta-analysis, the pre- and postoperative JOA scores were similar between the ADF and LAMF groups. The ADF group exhibited more favorable results than the LAMF group in terms of postoperative cervical alignment and the NDI. Overall complications were similar between the ADF and LAMF groups; however, C5 palsy was more frequently observed in the LAMF group than in the ADF group. CONCLUSIONS: While the ADF and LAMF groups demonstrated similar results in terms of neurological recovery, postoperative cervical lordosis and NDI scores were more favorable with ADF than with LAMF. The overall complication rate was similar between the ADF and LAMF groups. Surgeons should understand the merits and shortcomings of both procedures when deciding on a surgical procedure.

5.
J Clin Neurophysiol ; 37(1): 62-67, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335564

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study investigated whether the prolongation of the cauda equina conduction time (CECT) was related to the type of neurogenic intermittent claudication due to lumbar spinal stenosis. METHODS: In total, 149 patients who underwent surgery due to lumbar spinal stenosis with neurogenic intermittent claudication were classified into three groups as follows: cauda equina-type(n = 67), radicular-type(n = 29), and mixed-type(n = 53). Cauda equina conduction time was measured by placing disc electrodes on the abductor hallucis muscle, electrically stimulating the tibial nerve of the ankle and recording the compound muscle action potentials and F-waves. Motor evoked potentials from the abductor hallucis muscle were measured after magnetically stimulating the lumbosacral spine. Cauda equina conduction time was calculated from the latencies of compound muscle action potentials, F-waves, and motor evoked potentials. The measurement of the dural sac cross-sectional area were assessed using computed tomography myelography or MRI. RESULTS: The values of CECT were as follows: cauda equina-type, 5.6 ± 1.1 ms; mixed-type, 5.1 ± 0.9 ms; and radicular-type, 4.0 ± 0.9 ms. The values of dural sac cross-sectional area were as follows: cauda equina-type, 42.8 ± 18.7 mm; mixed-type, 49.6 ± 20.9 mm; and radicular-type, 75.3 ± 19.1 mm. In the cauda equina-type and mixed-type patients, CECT was significantly prolonged and there were negative correlations between CECT and dural sac cross-sectional area. CONCLUSIONS: Cauda equina conduction time differed according to the type of lumbar spinal stenosis. The prolongation of CECT may be caused by the demyelination of the CE. Cauda equina conduction time may be a useful measure for evaluating the dysfunction of the CE rather than radiculopathy for patients with lumbar spinal stenosis.

6.
J Pain Res ; 12: 2785-2797, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576163

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of pregabalin versus other analgesics among patients with chronic cervical pain with neuropathic components during routine clinical practice in Japan. Patients and methods: The analysis considered patients with chronic cervical pain with a neuropathic pain component (radiating pain to the upper limb) and who were treated with pregabalin with or without other analgesics (pregabalin-containing treatments) or other analgesics alone (usual care) for 8 weeks. Other analgesics included non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), weak opioids, antidepressants, and antiepileptic drugs. A Markov cohort simulation model was constructed to estimate costs and effectiveness (in terms of quality-adjusted life-years, QALYs) of each treatment over a 12-month time horizon. In the model, patients transitioned among three states of pain severity (no/mild, moderate, and severe). Data were derived from a previous observational study (pregabalin-containing treatments, n = 138; usual care, n = 211). Cost inputs included medical costs and productivity losses. QALYs were calculated using the EuroQol five-dimensional, five-level questionnaire. The cost-effectiveness was evaluated using incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs). Sensitivity analyses were conducted to assess the robustness of results. Results: From the payer's perspective, pregabalin-containing treatments were more costly (JPY 61,779 versus JPY 26,428) but also more effective (0.763 QALYs versus 0.727 QALYs) than the usual care, with an ICER of JPY 970,314 per QALY gained. From the societal perspective, which also included productivity losses, the ICER reduced to JPY 458,307 per QALY gained. One-way sensitivity analyses demonstrated the robustness of the results. Given a hypothetical threshold value of one additional QALY of JPY 5,000,000, the probability of pregabalin-containing treatments being cost-effective was 100%. Conclusion: Compared with using other analgesics alone, the use of pregabalin, alone or in addition to other analgesics, was cost-effective for the treatment of chronic cervical pain with a neuropathic pain component in Japan.

7.
J Spinal Cord Med ; : 1-8, 2019 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31180810

RESUMO

Objective: The correlation between the progression of spinal cord lesions using spinal cord evoked potentials (SCEPs) and neurological findings are unclear. The purpose is to electrophysiologically evaluate relative vulnerability of spinal cord in patients with compressive cervical myelopathy (CCM) at C4-C5 intervertebral level using SCEPs and correlate the progression of spinal cord lesions with neurological findings. Design: Retrospective study. Setting: Yamaguchi University Hospital. Participants: 36 patients. Methods: SCEPs following median nerve stimulation (MN-SCEPs), ulnar nerve stimulation (UN-SCEPs), transcranial electric stimulation (TCE-SCEPs), and spinal cord stimulation (SC-SCEPs) were intraoperatively recorded. MN-SCEPs are mediated by posterior horns (4, 5 layers), UN-SCEPs by the Burdach tract, TCE-SCEPs by the lateral corticospinal tract, and SC-SCEPs by the Goll tract. We evaluated the neurological findings (numbness, tactile sense and pain sense in the C6 area, tactile sense in the lower extremities, and triceps tendon reflex [TTR]). Results: The incidence of electrophysiological and clinical abnormalities decreased in the order of UN-SCEPs (100%), TCE-SCEPs (94.4%), MN-SCEPs (77.8%), and SC-SCEPs (69.4%), and in the order of numbness (100%), pain sense (97.2%), TTR (91.7%), tactile sense in the C6 area (83.3%), and tactile sense in the lower extremities (70.0%), respectively. Conclusions: The relative vulnerability of spinal cord occurred in the order of the Burdach tract, the lateral corticospinal tract, posterior horns (4, 5 layers), and the Goll tract in most patients with CCM at the C4-C5 intervertebral level.

8.
J Orthop Sci ; 24(5): 805-811, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31230950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain is a major health problem that has a substantial effect on people's quality of life and places a significant economic burden on healthcare systems. However, there has been little cost-effectiveness analysis of the treatments for it. Therefore, the purpose of this prospective observational study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the pharmacological management of chronic low back pain. METHODS: A total of 474 patients received pharmacological management for chronic low back pain using four leading drugs for 6 months at 28 institutions in Japan. Outcome measures, including EQ-5D, the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, the JOA back pain evaluation questionnaire (BPEQ), the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, the Medical Outcomes Study SF-8, and the visual analog scale, were investigated at baseline and every one month thereafter. The incremental cost-utility ratio (ICUR) was calculated as drug cost over the quality-adjusted life years. An economic estimation was performed from the perspective of a public healthcare payer in Japan. Stratified analysis based on patient characteristics was also performed to explore the characteristics that affect cost-effectiveness. RESULTS: The ICUR of pharmacological management for chronic low back pain was JPY 453,756. Stratified analysis based on patient characteristics suggested that the pharmacological treatments for patients with a history of spine surgery or cancer, low frequency of exercise, long disease period, low scores in lumbar spine dysfunction and gait disturbance of the JOA BPEQ, and low JOA score at baseline were not cost-effective. CONCLUSIONS: Pharmacological management for chronic low back pain is cost-effective from the reference willingness to pay. Further optimization based on patient characteristics is expected to contribute to the sustainable development of a universal insurance system in Japan.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Crônica/economia , Análise Custo-Benefício , Honorários Farmacêuticos , Dor Lombar/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Lombar/economia , Idoso , Analgésicos não Entorpecentes/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos não Entorpecentes/economia , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos Opioides/economia , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/economia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
J Pain Res ; 12: 1411-1424, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31118759

RESUMO

Background: Despite high prevalence of chronic neck pain in Japan and the negative impact pain has on patient's quality of life (QoL), the therapeutic value of pregabalin for chronic neck pain with a neuropathic pain (NeP) component has not been assessed in a typical Japanese health care setting. Methods: An 8-week, non-interventional, multicenter, observational study of Japanese adults (≥20 years) with chronic refractory cervical pain including a NeP element (for ≥12 weeks) and sleep disturbance on the Pain-Related Sleep-Interference Scale (PRSIS) ≥1 (from 0 "does not interfere with sleep" to 10 "completely interferes"). Patients received either usual care with conventional analgesics or pregabalin (150-600 mg/day) for 8 weeks. "Usual care" with analgesics or other treatment(s) was determined based on physician's best clinical judgment. Primary endpoint was change from baseline to week 8 in PRSIS. Secondary endpoints included: change from baseline to week 4 in PRSIS, and to week 4 and 8 in pain Numerical Rating Scale (NRS; from 0 "no pain" to 10 "worst possible pain"), and on the Neck Disability Index (NDI). Other assessments of QoL were undertaken. Safety was monitored. Results: Overall, 369 patients received pregabalin (n=145) or usual care (n=224). The median (range) dose of pregabalin was 49.6 (25.0-251.5) mg/day. Least-squares mean change in PRSIS from baseline to week 8 favored pregabalin (-1.167 vs -0.269; treatment difference -0.898 [95% CI -1.262, -0.535], P<0.001). Similar observations were seen at week 4 in favor of pregabalin versus usual care (P<0.001). Pregabalin significantly improved pain NRS and NDI scores at weeks 4 and 8 (all P<0.001). Improvements in QoL versus usual care were also observed. Pregabalin was generally well tolerated. Conclusion: In this open-label study, pregabalin improved PRSIS and resulted in clinically meaningful reductions in pain in Japanese patients with NeP associated with chronic cervical pain. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02868359.

10.
J Spinal Cord Med ; : 1-9, 2019 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30888308

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors associated with excellent outcomes after conservative treatment in patients with proximal cervical spondylotic amyotrophy (CSA) using electrophysiological, radiological, and neurological findings. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Yamaguchi University Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-seven patients. INTERVENTIONS: Erb-point-stimulated compound muscle action potentials (CMAP) were recorded in deltoid and biceps. The percentages of CMAP amplitudes on the affected side compared to the normal side in deltoid (PD) and biceps brachii (PB) were calculated. Central motor conduction time was calculated by subtracting peripheral motor conduction time from the onset latency of motor evoked potentials. Cervical lordotic angles, the diameter of C5 canal, and the intervertebral range at C4-C5 and C5-C6 levels were assessed on plain radiographs. Magnetic resonance imaging was used to assess the width of the intervertebral foramen (WIF) at C4-C5 and C5-C6 levels in the axial views. First visit and final follow-up strengths of most atrophic muscles were evaluated using manual muscle testing (MMT). Improvements in strength were classified as excellent (five grades recovered), good (more than one grade recovered), unchanged (no improvement), or poor (worsened). RESULTS: The outcomes were excellent in 27 patients (35.1%), good in 22 (28.6%), unchanged in 26 (33.8%), and poor in two (2.5%). Factors associated with excellent outcomes were WIF at C4-C5 and C5-C6 on the normal side, PB, and CMAP amplitudes of the deltoid on the normal side. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with excellent outcomes originally had wide WIF at C4-C5 and C5-C6 levels and the absence of symptomatic spinal cord compression at C3-C4 and C4-C5 levels.

11.
J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol ; 24(1): 55-59, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30760141

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The trapeziometacarpal joint is the second most common site of osteoarthritis in the hand and the most frequent one to require surgery. Arthrodesis of the trapeziometacarpal joint is recognized as one of the valuable technique but unfortunately there has been wide variation in the union rate. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new arthrodesis technique involving a cross-shaped bone graft and locking plate fixation. METHODS: Eleven male patients diagnosed as Eaton's stage III osteoarthritis of the trapeziometacarpal join were treated in our institute. The mean patient age was 62 years (range 50 to 80 years). At the day after surgery, physical therapy was started and free use of the hand was permitted. RESULTS: Patients showed radiographic evidence of trapeziometacarpal joint union after an average postoperative period of 8.3 weeks (range 6-12 weeks). The VAS pain score significantly decreased from 7.2 points preoperatively to 0.4 points after surgery. Mean side pinch strength increased significantly from 3.8 kg (53% compared to unaffected side) prior to surgery to 6.2 kg (86%). The DASH score improved from 38.6 (range 34.1-43.2) preoperatively to 17.0 (6.8-22.7) postoperatively. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggested that our technique is a successful procedure for the trapeziometacarpal joint arthrodesis. Cross-shaped bone grafts have the advantages of restoring thumb length and providing internal stabilization, especially for rotational force. No complications arose at the bone harvest site of the iliac crest. The procedure seems to be technically demanding, particularly for adapting the bone graft to perfectly match the shape of the defect.


Assuntos
Artrodese/métodos , Placas Ósseas , Transplante Ósseo/métodos , Articulações Carpometacarpais/cirurgia , Deambulação Precoce/métodos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Articulações Carpometacarpais/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Ílio/transplante , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite/diagnóstico , Período Pós-Operatório , Radiografia
12.
J Orthop Sci ; 24(5): 798-804, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30777363

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We termed chronic neuropathic pain (NeP) in patients with diseases associated with spinal cord damage as "spinal cord-related pain syndrome". We conducted a survey of patients with the syndrome to assess the type and severity of NeP and its effect on QOL, and treatment modalities. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 185 patients recruited from 15 medical institutions. We analyzed the questionnaires sent to clinicians (basic information, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, type and effectiveness of medications) and patients [modified Neuropathic Pain Symptom Inventory (NPSI) and short form (SF)-36 healthy survey]. RESULTS: The incidence of spinal cord-related pain syndrome was highest in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy, ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) and spinal cord injury. The number of patients with at-level pain was higher than those with below-level pain; dysesthesia/paresthesia, spontaneous and evoked pain types were mainly seen in patients with at-level pain and dysesthesia/paresthesia was common among those with below-level pain. NPSI score was higher than 10 in the majority of patients, and the subscore for dysesthesia/paresthesia was significantly the highest. The NPSI score was the highest in patients with severe hyperintense signal increase on MRI. The scores of all SF-36 sub-items were significantly lower than the national average. The majority of patients used non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs and gabapentin/pregabalin; the latter was significantly effective for allodynia, compared with other medications, regardless of the pain level. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of patients with spinal cord-related pain syndrome suffered from severe NeP, which affected physical activity. The pain phenotype varied according to the level of the lesion and dysesthesia/paresthesia was the most intense. Compared with other medications, gabapentin/pregabalin was significantly effective especially for dysesthesia/paresthesia and evoked pain regardless of the pain level.


Assuntos
Neuralgia/tratamento farmacológico , Neuralgia/etiologia , Doenças da Medula Espinal/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Infect Chemother ; 25(3): 170-174, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30473180

RESUMO

Therapeutic outcomes for septic arthritis vary greatly depending on the span of time between disease-onset and surgery. The most important factor is making an early and definitive diagnosis; however, some cases may be difficult to diagnose. We investigated presepsin, a biomarker of sepsis, to determine whether or not presepsin in synovial fluid would be useful for the diagnosis of septic arthritis. We selected 18 patients with septic arthritis including periprosthetic joint infections (SA group) and 28 patients with osteoarthritis (OA group). We measured the concentrations of synovial fluid presepsin, blood presepsin and procalcitonin (PCT) in the two groups. We compared the sensitivities and specificities of synovial fluid presepsin, blood presepsin and PCT. Synovial fluid and blood presepsin and blood PCT were all significantly higher in the SA group. Synovial fluid presepsin exhibited both 100% sensitivity and 100% specificity in the SA group, which were higher rates than those for blood presepsin and PCT. We found that synovial fluid presepsin is markedly elevated in case of septic arthritis, and therefore, it has potential as a new biomarker of septic arthritis.


Assuntos
Artrite Infecciosa/diagnóstico , Receptores de Lipopolissacarídeos/análise , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/análise , Líquido Sinovial/química , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/análise , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
14.
Orthopedics ; 41(6): e772-e776, 2018 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30168834

RESUMO

Clinical outcomes of total hip arthroplasty for rheumatoid arthritis are reportedly worse than those of total hip arthroplasty for osteoarthritis of the hip. The authors examined pre- and postoperative factors associated with the modified Harris hip score (mHHS). Fifty-one joints of 48 rheumatoid arthritis patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty were studied retrospectively. The authors examined the correlation between preoperative rheumatoid arthritis disease activity (Disease Activity Score in 28 joints-C-reactive protein and C-reactive protein) and mHHS at 1 year after total hip arthroplasty. Furthermore, pre- and postoperative mHHS values were compared between patients with other affected joints and patients with no affected joints in the lower limbs. The mean mHHS improved to 73.5 points postoperatively from 36.4 points preoperatively. Preoperative Disease Activity Score in 28 joints-C-reactive protein and C-reactive protein values were negatively correlated with pre- and postoperative mHHS values. Preoperative mHHS was not significantly different between the affected and not affected groups; however, postoperative mHHS was significantly lower in the affected group than in the not affected group. Total hip arthroplasty showed good clinical results for rheumatoid arthritis at short-term follow-up. However, pre- and postoperative mHHS values were influenced by preoperative rheumatoid arthritis disease activity. Moreover, the presence of additional affected joints in the lower limbs preoperatively resulted in a lower postoperative mHHS. Unlike patients with osteoarthritis, patients with rheumatoid arthritis often have multiple affected joints, which may contribute to a lower mHHS. Comprehensive treatment, including surgery for the other affected joints in the lower limbs, may improve a patient's postoperative mHHS. [Orthopedics. 2018; 41(6):e772-e776.].


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Artrite Reumatoide/cirurgia , Artroplastia de Quadril , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Período Pré-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 13175, 2018 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30181648

RESUMO

Hyperparathyroidism, which is increased parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels in the blood, could cause delayed or non-union of bone fractures. But, no study has yet demonstrated the effects of excess continuous PTH exposure, such as that seen in hyperparathyroidism, for fracture healing. Continuous human PTH1-34 (teriparatide) infusion using an osmotic pump was performed for stabilized tibial fractures in eight-week-old male mice to determine the relative bone healing process compared with saline treatment. Radiographs and micro-computed tomography showed delayed but increased calcified callus formation in the continuous PTH1-34 infusion group compared with the controls. Histology and quantitative histomorphometry confirmed that continuous PTH1-34 treatment significantly increased the bone callus area at a later time point after fracture, since delayed endochondral ossification occurred. Gene expression analyses showed that PTH1-34 resulted in sustained Col2a1 and reduced Col10a1 expression, consistent with delayed maturation of the cartilage tissue during fracture healing. In contrast, continuous PTH1-34 infusion stimulated the expression of both Bglap and Acp5 through the healing process, in accordance with bone callus formation and remodeling. Mechanical testing showed that continuously administered PTH1-34 increased the maximum load on Day 21 compared with control mice. We concluded that continuous PTH1-34 infusion resulted in a delayed fracture healing process due to delayed callus cell maturation but ultimately increased biomechanical properties.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/administração & dosagem , Calo Ósseo/efeitos dos fármacos , Consolidação da Fratura/efeitos dos fármacos , Teriparatida/administração & dosagem , Fraturas da Tíbia/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/farmacologia , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Calo Ósseo/patologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Infusões Subcutâneas , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Teriparatida/farmacologia , Teriparatida/uso terapêutico , Fraturas da Tíbia/patologia
16.
Asian Spine J ; 12(3): 391-397, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29879764

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Biomechanical study. PURPOSE: We examined the dynamic characteristics of different operative procedures using three-dimensional finite-element models. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Cervical laminoplasty is often selected for patients requiring multilevel spinal decompression. Many laminoplasty techniques have been developed and are continually being improved. METHODS: Images were extracted for the two intervertebral joints between C3 and C5 in domestic rabbits. The following models were created: preoperative, laminectomy, Z-plasty, open door laminoplasty, French open door laminoplasty, en-bloc laminoplasty, and double-door laminoplasty. The loads required for sagittal rotation of 2.5°, 5°, and 7.5° were measured in vitro and respectively placed at the bottom of the C5 model. Displacement of the plate in the X, Y, and Z coordinates was measured and the rotational angles of the plate were determined. RESULTS: The sagittal rotation angle was greater in the laminectomy model than in the preoperative model, but was almost the same in the preoperative and Z-plasty models. Compared with the preoperative model, sagittal rotation angles were smaller in the French open door, open door, en-bloc, and double-door laminoplasty models. CONCLUSIONS: Laminectomy and various types of laminoplasty are associated with different mechanical features, such as stability and mobility, allowing for selection of the most appropriate surgical procedure for each case.

17.
J Am Podiatr Med Assoc ; 108(2): 140-144, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29634303

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a rare disorder around the ankle joint. The optimal treatment for diffuse-type PVNS is still controversial because of the high incidence of recurrence. We present the clinical features of our patients and review the current diagnostic and treatment modalities. METHODS: Five patients with PVNS located around the ankle were surgically treated. In three patients, diffuse PVNS arose from the ankle joint, and in the other two it arose from the calcaneocuboid and intercuneiform joints. The average follow-up time after surgery was 2.9 years (range, 2-4.6 years). RESULTS: The average time between onset of pain and diagnosis of PVNS was 6.4 years (range, 4-10 years). Arthrotomic tumor resection was performed in all of the patients. In the three patients with ankle joint PVNS, both medial and lateral approaches were used. One patient experienced mild infection at the surgical site, but this healed conservatively. No tumor recurrences had occurred after minimum follow-up of 2 years, although mild pain persisted in the three patients with ankle PVNS. CONCLUSIONS: Diagnosis of diffuse PVNS is frequently delayed due to vague symptoms and variable growth patterns. Orthopedic clinicians should be aware of the existence of this lesion, and it should be suspected in patients with persistent ankle swelling. To prevent tumor recurrence, accurate evaluation of tumor location and careful operative planning are mandatory. A combined surgical approach involving medial and lateral incision is necessary to expose the entire joint cavity.


Assuntos
Articulação do Tornozelo/patologia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Sinovite Pigmentada Vilonodular/cirurgia , Adulto , Articulação do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/efeitos adversos , Sinovite Pigmentada Vilonodular/diagnóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
18.
Exp Ther Med ; 15(4): 3225-3230, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29545839

RESUMO

Vertebral fractures commonly occur at the thoracolumbar junction. These fractures can be treated with mild residual deformity in many cases, but are reportedly associated with increased risk of secondary vertebral fractures. In the present study, a three-dimensional (3D) whole spine model was constructed using the finite element method to explore the mechanism of development of compression fractures. The 3D model of the whole spine, from the cervical spine to the pelvis, was constructed from computed tomography (CT) images of an adult male. Using a normal spine model and spine models with compression fractures at the T11, T12 or L1 vertebrae, the distribution of strain was analyzed in the vertebrae after load application. The normal spine model demonstrated greater strain around the thoracolumbar junction and the middle thoracic spine, while the compression fracture models indicated focused strain at the fracture site and adjacent vertebrae. Increased load time resulted in the extension of the strain region up to the middle thoracic spine. The present findings, that secondary vertebral fractures commonly occur around the fracture site, and may also affect the thoracic vertebrae, are consistent with previous clinical and experimental results. These results suggest that follow-up examinations of compression fractures at the thoracolumbar junction should include the thoracic spine and adjacent vertebrae. The current data also demonstrate that models created from CT images can be used for various analyses.

19.
Shoulder Elbow ; 10(2): 128-132, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29560039

RESUMO

We describe an unusual case of ulnar nerve compression (cubital tunnel syndrome) caused by synovial protrusion in primary synovial chondromatosis of the elbow in a 59-year-old man. Magnetic resonance imaging is a useful tool for diagnosing this rare condition. Surgical excision of the intra-articular multiple loose bodies and ulnar nerve decompression were performed. The clinician should be aware of primary synovial chondromatosis as one of the causative factors of cubital tunnel syndrome.

20.
Exp Ther Med ; 15(3): 2824-2829, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29599828

RESUMO

Although it is known that aging plays an important role in the incidence and progression of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM), the underlying mechanism is unclear. Studies that used fresh bovine cervical spinal cord report the gray matter of the cervical spinal cord as being more rigid and fragile than the white matter. However, there are no reports regarding the association between aging an tensile and Finite Element Method (FEM). Therefore, FEM was used based on the data pertaining to the mechanical features of older bovine cervical spinal cord to explain the pathogenesis of CSM in elderly patients. Tensile tests were conducted for white and gray matter separately in young and old bovine cervical spinal cords, and compared with their respective mechanical features. Based on the data obtained, FEM analysis was further performed, which included static and dynamic factors to describe the internal stress distribution changes of the spinal cord. These results demonstrated that the mechanical strength of young bovine spinal cords is different from that of old bovine spinal cords. The gray matter of the older spinal cord was significantly softer and more resistant to rupture compared with that of younger spinal cords (P<0.05). Among the old, although the gray matter was more fragile than the white matter, it was similar to the white matter in terms of its rigidity (P<0.05). The in vitro data were subjected to three compression patterns. The FEM analysis demonstrated that the stress level rises higher in the old spinal cords in response to similar compression, when compared with young spinal cords. These results demonstrate that in analyzing the response of the spinal cord to compression, the age of patients is an important factor to be considered, in addition to the degree of compression, compression speed and parts of the spinal cord compression factor.

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