Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 22
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Arab J Urol ; 17(4): 265-269, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31723443

RESUMO

Objective: To validate an Arabic version of the Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS) questionnaire. Patients and methods: In all, 301 patients were evaluated using the Arabic-translated OABSS. They were divided into four groups: 112 patients with OAB symptoms, 115 healthy individuals with no OAB symptoms, 38 with bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) associated with storage lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), and 36 with BOO without storage LUTS. The reliability of the Arabic version was evaluated for internal consistency using Cronbach's α test. Interdomain associations were examined using Spearman's correlation coefficient (r). The discrimination validity was evaluated using the Mann-Whitney test. Results: Higher internal consistency was found for all OABSS domains in the OAB and BOO groups. There were strong correlations between all domains in the OAB group (P < 0.001). Similarly, there were strong correlations between all domains in the BOO group. For discrimination validity, scores were statistically significant higher for all OABSS domains and overall total scores in the OAB and BOO groups compared with their control groups (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The Arabic version of OABSS is a reliable and valid instrument that can be used to evaluate symptoms and health-related quality of life in Arabic patients with OAB. Clinical trial no. (clinicaltrials.gov NCT03533062) Abbreviations : BOO: bladder outlet obstruction; OAB: overactive bladder; OABSS: Overactive Bladder Symptom Score questionnaire; (U)UI: (urgency) urinary incontinence.

2.
Int Neurourol J ; 23(3): 240-248, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607104

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of re-treatment with anticholinergics on refractory idiopathic overactive bladder (OAB) previously treated with intravesical botulinum neurotoxin type A (BTX-A) injections. METHODS: One hundred patients were initially managed by intravesical injections of 100 IU of BTX-A. After the effects of BTX-A faded, patients were randomized into 2 groups: group A patients received solifenacin (10 mg) for 12 weeks (study group), while group B patients received placebo treatment for 12 weeks (control group), then subsequently received solifenacin (10 mg) for another 6 weeks. All patients underwent preoperative urodynamic testing. Patients were asked to complete the validated overactive bladder symptoms score (OABSS) and incontinence quality of life (I-QoL) instruments after the effects of intravesical BTX-A faded and at 12 weeks of follow-up. Univariate and multivariate analyses of the factors affecting treatment response were conducted. RESULTS: At 12 weeks of follow-up, in group A, all OABSS items, including the total score, had improved significantly (P<0.0001). Group A had lower frequency and amplitude of detrusor overactivity and detrusor leak point pressure (P<0.0001, P=0.03, and P=0.01, respectively). Cystometric capacity also increased significantly (P=0.007), as did all I-QoL parameters. In a comparison of patients with failed treatment and patients with successful treatment, female sex, repeated intravesical BTX-A injections, and increased bladder capacity were statistically significant (P=0.001, P=0.0001, and P=0.002, respectively). Repeated intravesical BTX-A injections and increased bladder capacity were independent factors predicting treatment success. CONCLUSION: In patients with refractory idiopathic OAB, reuse of anticholinergics could be an effective treatment option in patients after the effects of BTX-A fade. Repeated intravesical BTX-A injections and increased cystometric capacity could affect treatment response.

3.
BJU Int ; 2019 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30946525

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of tolterodine in the treatment of nocturnal urinary incontinence (NUI) after ileal orthotopic neobladder (ONB). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a prospective randomised placebo-controlled crossover study (clinicaltrials.gov: NCT02877901). Patients with NUI after ONB were randomly allocated into two equal groups. Group T received 4 mg extended-release tolterodine at bed-time and Group P received placebo for 4 weeks followed by 2 weeks of washout, then crossed over to the alternate therapy for 4 weeks. Patients were assessed by the number of pads used per night (PPN) and with the Arabic version of the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF) at both phases of the study. The outcomes were the rate of NUI improvement and medication adverse events. RESULTS: Out of 172 patients, 150 and 122 patients were evaluated at both phases of the study. The mean ICIQ-SF scores and PPN were significantly decreased in Group T compared to Group P in both study phases (P < 0.001). In Group T, 15 (10%) and 11 (9%) patients became dry after the first allocation and crossover, respectively. In Group T, 60 (77.9%) patients reported improvement vs four (5.5%) in Group P (P < 0.001) after the first allocation. Similarly, 46 (73%) and seven (11.9%) patients showed improvement in groups T and P after the crossover, respectively (P < 0.001). Dry mouth occurred in 31 (20.8%) patients. CONCLUSIONS: Tolterodine seems to be a good choice for treatment of NUI after radical cystectomy and ONB. However, further studies are needed to delineate the long-term effects and the associated urodynamic characteristics.

4.
Turk J Urol ; 45(3): 177-182, 2019 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30817281

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to report our 25-year experience on upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) on a larger number of patients with long-term follow-up at a single tertiary urology institute. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 275 patients from 1990 to 2015. Basic patient demographic data with the laboratory and radiologic investigations were collected. We used 1997 TNM classification and the three-tiered WHO grading system. Data were collected using an SPSS® version 21 spreadsheet. RESULTS: The mean age was 59±11 years, and 88% of all the patients were male. Previous and concurrent bladder tumors were found in 16% and 26%, respectively. Computed tomography gave an overall accuracy of 96%. Open nephroureterectomy and bladder cuff excision was performed for 85%, and the remaining by laparoscopy and nephron-sparing surgeries. Tumor was pelvicalyceal, ureteric, and both in 40%, 40%, and 20% respectively. In 97% of the patients, the tumor was transitional cell carcinoma. Nearly two-thirds of the patients were of low grade and non-invasive in stage. Nearly half of the patients (46%) had bladder tumor recurrence after NU. Bladder, urethral, and contralateral recurrence, distant, local metastasis occurred in 46%, 2%, 1%, 7.5%, and 6%, respectively. CONCLUSION: UTUC is a unique disease with synchronous and metachronous urothelial tumor recurrence that requires long-term surveillance. The majority (two-thirds) of the patients are non-invasive in stage of grade II. Tumor stage is of paramount prognostic significance for survival; the five-year survival rate of T1 and T4 is 80% and 0%, respectively.

5.
Arab J Urol ; 16(4): 404-410, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30534439

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effect of oral desmopressin in patients with nocturia associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Patients and methods: With a rise of the use of oral desmopressin in the treatment of nocturia in patients with BPH, a systematic review was performed according to the Cochrane systematic reviews guidelines and in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) checklist. Results: The literature search yielded 18 studies. The studies were published between 1980 and 2017, and included 3072 patients. Eligible patients were men aged ≥50 years with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and persistent nocturia. There was a significant 43% reduction in nocturia after using desmopressin alone. Combined α-blockers and desmopressin lead to a decrease in the frequency of night voids by 64.3% compared to 44.6% when using α-blockers only. The first sleep period, significantly increased from 82.1 to 160.0 min and from 83.2 to 123.8 min when using desmopressin + α-blocker and α-blocker only, respectively. The desmopressin dose ranged from the lowest dose (0.05 mg) to the optimum dose (0.4 mg) at bed time. The incidence of hyponatraemia associated with desmopressin use was 4.4-5.7%. Conclusion: Low-dose oral desmopressin therapy alone is an effective treatment for nocturia associated with LUTS in patients with BPH. Oral desmopressin combined with α-blockers is well tolerated and beneficial for improving the International Prostate Symptom Score and nocturnal symptoms. All patients should be educated about the mechanism of desmopressin action to avoid treatment discontinuation due to adverse events.

6.
Arab J Urol ; 16(2): 197-205, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29892482

RESUMO

Objective: To establish the current evidence and assess the effectiveness and safety of selective transarterial embolisation (STE) to control intractable bladder haemorrhage (IBH). Materials and methods: With a rise in the use of STE for the treatment of IBH, a systematic review was performed according to the Cochrane reviews guidelines and in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) checklist. Results: The literature search yielded 38 studies, of which 11 were excluded because of irrelevance of data. All included studies were observational cohort studies, with no randomisation or control groups apart from in relation to the materials used for embolisation. The studies were published between 1978 and 2016. There were 295 patients with an age range between 51 and 95 years. The success rate ranged from 43% up to 100%. The most reported complication was post-embolisation syndrome, although other complications were described such as mild transient gluteal claudication, nausea, and vomiting. Conclusion: STE of the internal iliac artery is a safe and effective alternative technique to control severe IBH, and has been successfully applied over many years to treat bladder haemorrhage associated with terminal pelvic malignancy.

7.
Turk J Urol ; 44(3): 213-220, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29733795

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Bladder cancer recurrence after management of upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) is a common disease. Although the incidence and risk factors for the development of noninvasive bladder tumor have been reported in many series, rare studies have reported on muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) and its urethral recurrence. We aimed to report the incidence, risk factors and survival rate for the development of MIBC and urethral tumors after surgical management of UTUC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who were surgically treated for UTUC from 1983 to 2013. The tumor was categorized according to the 1997 TNM staging and the 3-tiered WHO grading systems. The primary endpoint of this study was the occurrence of any post-treatment MIBC and its urethral recurrences. We studied the possible risk factors that may contribute to the development of such pathology as well as the prognosis of this pathology. RESULTS: A total of 297 patients were eligible for analysis. Intravesical tumor recurrence was observed in 139 (46.8%) patients and radical cystectomy was warranted for 36 patients (MIBC or multicentric bladder recurrence). Twenty-seven patients were fit for surgery with ileal loop conduit was the urinary diversion for the majority, and others received radiotherapy. Ureteral tumor was the only statistically significant risk factor (p=0.001) and the incidence increased as the ureteral tumors became more distal (p=0.01). Occurrence of invasive or multicenteric bladder recurrence was a predictor for local, urethral recurrence and distant metastasis (p=0.016, 0.0001 and 0.01 respectively). Seven patients had urethral urothelial carcinoma; 5 were diagnosed at the time of cystectomy and 2 were discovered later (1 and 3 years after cystectomy). CONCLUSION: MIBC is a relatively uncommon (6%) post UTUC, and ureteral tumors, especially distal in location, are the independent risk factor. Extended surveillance for those patients is needed. Urethral cancer recurrence is rare (2%); most cases are localized in the posterior urethra, they are noninvasive, and may develop even after cystectomy.

8.
Urol J ; 15(5): 256-260, 2018 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29687437

RESUMO

PURPOSE: There is a lack of reporting of the bladder cuff pathology in the literature and ongoing debate regarding the role of bladder cuff excision (BCE) in the prognosis in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). We aimed to know the risk factors, the survival, and the clinical course of such pathology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was retrospective, from 1983-2013 on 305 patients who had diagnosed with UTUC. Patients were managed by radical open/ laparoscopic nephroureterectomy with bladder cuff excision. The tumor was staged using 1997 TNM classification and the 3-tiered WHO grading system was used for grading. Patients who found to have a malignant bladder cuff on the final pathology were further analyzed for the risk factors for such disease and its effect on survivaltheir outcomes. RESULTS: 13/ 281 (4.6%) cases were found to have malignant bladder cuff. Regarding tumor stage; one case was diagnosed with Tis, eight had T1 and four cases had T2 malignant bladder cuff. All cases were with pure ureteric or multifocalcentric tumors, and none had pure pelvicalyceal tumors (p = .001).Local recurrence at the surgical site and distant metastasis were significantly higher among patients with malignant bladder cuff (p = .001 and .002 respectively), and the last sustained its significance in multivariate analysis. Those patients had a poor prognosis when compared to non-malignant bladder cuff cases (Log Rank test, p = .001)Conclusion: Ureteric tumor is the only independent risk factor for malignant bladder cuff at the final pathology and is associated with increased risks for invasive bladder tumor, distant metastasis and poor survival in comparison with non-malignant bladder cuff. In a clinical implementation, BCE is considered as a mandatory step in management of ureteric tumors, while it could be omitted in pure and low grade renal pelvis tumors.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição , Neoplasias Renais , Nefroureterectomia , Neoplasias Ureterais , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/patologia , Egito/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Nefroureterectomia/métodos , Nefroureterectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Ureter/patologia , Ureter/cirurgia , Neoplasias Ureterais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ureterais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ureterais/patologia , Neoplasias Ureterais/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Urotélio/patologia
9.
Urolithiasis ; 46(3): 291-296, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28555349

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to determine risk factors of hospital admission for treatment of complications after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL). The electronic files and images of all patients who underwent SWL for treatment of renal stones between January 2011 and December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. All patients underwent SWL with the same electromagnetic lithotripter (Dornier Lithotripot S). The data of those who needed hospital admission for treatment of complications within 30 days after SWL were compared with patients who did not require hospital admission. Compared data included patients' demographics (age, gender, BMI, ASA score, and pre-SWL stenting), renal characters (side, hydronephrosis, and solitary kidney), and stone characters (site, length, density, and previous treatment). Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses were used to identify risk factors. The study included 1179 patients. Complications that required hospital admission were observed in 108 patients (9.2%). They included obstructing steinstrasse in 91 (7.7%), peri-renal hematoma in 3 (0.25%), and fever (>38.0 °C) in 14 (1.2%). Independent risk factors on multivariate analysis were solitary kidney (OR 2.855, P = 0.017), pre-SWL stenting (RR 2.03, P = 0.044), ASA II (OR 1.965, P = 0.007), hydronephrosis (RR 1.639, P = 0.024), and stone length (RR 1.083, P < 0.001). Patients with medical co-morbidities, pre-SWL ureteral stents, large stones and those with obstructed and/or solitary renal unit are more liable to post-SWL complications that need hospital admission. The probability of hospital admission has to be explained to patients with these risk factors.


Assuntos
Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Litotripsia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Hematoma/epidemiologia , Hematoma/etiologia , Humanos , Hidronefrose/epidemiologia , Hidronefrose/etiologia , Cálculos Renais/complicações , Litotripsia/instrumentação , Litotripsia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Rim Único/epidemiologia , Rim Único/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Arab J Urol ; 15(3): 216-222, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29071155

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To review the incidence, predictors and prognosis of bladder cancer recurrence after management of upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who were surgically treated for UTUC from 1983 to 2013. The tumours were categorised according to the 1997 Tumour-Node-Metastasis (TNM) staging and the three-tiered World Health Organization grading systems. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of any intravesical recurrence after treatment. We studied the possible risk factors that may contribute to development of intravesical recurrence, as well as the prognosis of the patients who had recurrence. RESULTS: In all, 297 patients were eligible for analysis. Recurrent bladder tumours occurred in 139 patients (46.8%). The mean (range) time to recurrence after surgery was 33 (6-300) months. Neither sex, past history of bladder tumours, concomitant bladder tumour, the side of the tumour, UTUC stage, grade, presence of carcinoma in situ or multicentricity at the time of diagnosis of UTUC, were significant predictors of intravesical tumour recurrence. Ureteric tumour was the only identified risk factor (P = 0.02). Post-treatment bladder recurrence was a significant predictor of later urethral recurrence (P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: In our present series, bladder cancer recurrence of urothelial malignancy occurred in nearly half of the patients after surgical management of UTUC. Ureteric tumour was the only identifiable risk factor, thus patients with ureteric tumours may benefit from prophylactic intravesical chemoimmunotherapy. Bladder recurrence does not appear to affect the cancer-specific survival after surgical management of UTUC.

11.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 49(10): 1741-1749, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28780626

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess how much Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) is detrimental on men sexuality. METHODS: Between January and December 2013, all patients presented for BPH surgery were assessed using IIEF-15 (international index of erectile function-15) and Ej-MSHQ (ejaculatory domain-male sexual health questionnaire). Changes in men's sexuality following HoLEP in relation to control procedure were prospectively assessed. Intervention group included legible consecutive patients treated by HoLEP. Control group included legible patients presented for diagnostic cystoscopy. Changes in IIEF-15, its subdomains and Ej-MSHQ scores were compared between HoLEP group and control. RESULTS: At one year 80 and 70 subjects were included for final analysis following HoLEP and control groups, respectively. Regardless of the baseline erectile function (EF/IIEF) score, there was an increase in EF score similar to control following HoLEP (P = 0.6). However, among subjects with normal preoperative EF (score >25), in comparison with control, there was similar decline in EF score following HoLEP (P = 0.07). Regarding the orgasm domain, there was a significant reduction in orgasm perception following HoLEP in relation to control (P = 0.01). Patients reported desire changes, intercourse satisfaction and overall satisfaction scores similar to control following HoLEP. Using Ej-MSHQ score, there was no statistically significant difference between HoLEP and control groups in percentage of subjects reporting ejaculatory dysfunction at baseline. However, at 12 months, there was statistically significant more ejaculatory dysfunction reporting following HoLEP. The most common ejaculatory abnormality was volume abnormality. Orgasm perception was significantly decreased among subjects with newly reported ejaculatory dysfunction (5.3 ± 1.4 vs. 8.6 ± 1.3, P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Controlled short-term assessment of HoLEP showed potential negative impact on EF in patients with normal preoperative EF. Apart from orgasm perception, sexual function changes following HoLEP were similar to control. High prevalence of postoperative ejaculatory dysfunction following HoLEP remained notable finding.


Assuntos
Ejaculação , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Orgasmo , Ereção Peniana , Hiperplasia Prostática/cirurgia , Idoso , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sexualidade , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Urol Oncol ; 35(12): 671.e11-671.e16, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28843339

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the long-term cumulative incidence of chronic urinary retention (CUR) after radical cystectomy (RC) and orthotopic neobladder (ONB) in women and the possible risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed a prospectively evaluated cohort of women for whom RC and ONB were performed. Patients in CUR were evaluated for the cumulative incidence of CUR using Kaplan-Meier curve and for the possible risk factors using log rank and Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 234 women with mean age ± SD of 52.3 ± 9 years and a median (range) of follow-up of 92 (12-247) months were included. The incidence of CUR increased with time, where 12 (5.2%), 21 (8.97%), 35 (14.9%), 53 (22.6%), and 56 (24%) patients started clean intermittent catheterization in 1, 2, 2 to 5 years, 5 to 10 years, and after 10 years of follow-up, respectively. In univariate and multivariate analysis, diabetes mellitus and urethral Kock pouch were independent predictors of CUR development (HR [95% CI] = 2.45 [1.2-5.1], and 2.1 [1.05-4.2], P = 0.01 and 0.03, respectively). Genital- sparing RC and surgical modification to provide pouch back support were independent factors that reduce CUR development (HR [95% CI] = 9.3 [1.25-69.9], and 2.1 [1.19-3.9], P = 0.02 and 0.01, respectively). CONCLUSION: The incidence of CUR after RC and ONB in women increases with time even after 10 years of follow-up. Presence of diabetes mellitus increases the risk of CUR development. Genital-sparing RC and modification to prevent CUR reduced the likelihood of CUR development.


Assuntos
Cistectomia/métodos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Derivação Urinária/métodos , Coletores de Urina , Retenção Urinária/diagnóstico , Adulto , Doença Crônica , Cistectomia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , /estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Derivação Urinária/efeitos adversos , Retenção Urinária/etiologia
13.
Scand J Urol ; 51(2): 165-169, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28351191

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to report the incidence, severity, outcome and risk factors of acute kidney injury (AKI) following percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) in solitary kidneys. METHODS: The study included consecutive adult patients who underwent PNL for treatment of calculi in a solitary kidney between May 2012 and July 2015. Patients with congenital renal anomalies or with stages 4 and 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) were excluded. Serum creatinine levels were measured the day before PNL, daily after PNL for 2-5 days and after 3 months. AKI was depicted according to changes in early postoperative serum creatinine levels and its severity was determined based on the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) classification. The outcome of AKI was evaluated after 3 months by changes in the stage of CKD. Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses were conducted to determine risk factors for developing AKI. RESULTS: The study included 100 patients (62 males) with a mean ± SD age of 50 ± 11.7 years. Complications were reported for 27 patients. AKI developed in 25 patients; at the 3 month follow-up, 23 of them (92%) had completely recovered from AKI and two (8%) had developed stage 4 CKD. Independent risk factors for developing AKI were multiple PNL tracts and postoperative ureteric obstruction (relative risks were 14 and 22, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of AKI was 25% after PNL for a solitary kidney. The likelihood of renal function recovery was 92%. Multiple PNL tracts and postoperative ureteric obstruction were risk factors for developing AKI.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/etiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/fisiopatologia , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Lesão Renal Aguda/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
14.
Urol Ann ; 9(1): 99-102, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28216943

RESUMO

Non-transitional cell carcinomas (non-TCC) of the upper urinary tract as squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), adenocarcinoma, and small cell carcinoma (SmCC) are rare with few case reports in the literature. We retrospectively reviewed our patients who surgically treated for upper tract urothelial carcinoma from 1983 to 2013 for non-TCC pathological cancer characteristics and survival. Among 305 patients, only 5 (1.6%) cases were found: One case of SmCC, another had adenocarcinoma, and 3 SCC cases. None of them had intravesical recurrence and the cancer-specific survival for non-TCC cohort is markedly decreased (log-rank = 0.01) compared to TCC patients.

15.
BJU Int ; 119(1): 142-147, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27686059

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the protective effects of selenium with vitamins A, C and E (selenium ACE, i.e. antioxidants), verapamil (calcium channel blocker), and losartan (angiotensin receptor blocker) against extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL)-induced renal injury. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A randomised controlled trial was conducted between August 2012 and February 2015. Inclusion criteria were adult patients with a single renal stone (<2 cm) suitable for ESWL. Patients with diabetes, hypertension, congenital renal anomalies, moderate or marked hydronephrosis, or preoperative albuminuria (>300 mg/L) were excluded. ESWL was performed using the electromagnetic DoLiS lithotripter. Eligible patients were randomised into one of four groups using sealed closed envelopes: Group1, control; Group 2, selenium ACE; Group 3, losartan; and Group 4, verapamil. Albuminuria and urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) were estimated after 2-4 h and 1 week after ESWL. The primary outcome was differences between albuminuria and uNGAL. Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging was performed before ESWL, and at 2-4 h and 1 week after ESWL to compare changes in renal perfusion. RESULTS: Of 329 patients assessed for eligibility, the final analysis comprised 160 patients (40 in each group). Losartan was the only medication that showed significantly lower levels of albuminuria after 1 week (P < 0.001). For perfusion changes, there was a statistically significant decrease in the renal perfusion in patients with obstructed kidneys in comparison to before ESWL (P = 0.003). These significant changes were present in the control or antioxidant group, whilst in the losartan and verapamil groups renal perfusion was not significantly decreased. CONCLUSIONS: Losartan was found to protect the kidney against ESWL-induced renal injury by significantly decreasing post-ESWL albuminuria. Verapamil and losartan maintained renal perfusion in patients with post-ESWL renal obstruction.


Assuntos
Bloqueadores do Receptor Tipo 1 de Angiotensina II/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Rim/lesões , Litotripsia/efeitos adversos , Losartan/uso terapêutico , Selênio/uso terapêutico , Verapamil/uso terapêutico , Vitaminas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Ácido Ascórbico/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Vitamina A/uso terapêutico , Vitamina E/uso terapêutico , Ferimentos e Lesões/prevenção & controle
16.
Arab J Urol ; 14(2): 147-55, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27489742

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To review non-morcellation approaches for tissue retrieval after holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) and whether these approaches demolish the advantages of the HoLEP procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed our prospectively maintained laser prostate database for HoLEP procedures where non-morcellation approaches were used for retrieval of the enucleated adenoma. Non-morcellation approaches were adopted in cases of morcellator malfunction or whenever concomitant pathology indicated laparotomy. Patients were stratified into the laparotomy group (Group I) or the transurethral resection (TUR) group (Group II). Safety and efficacy of each approach were assessed and compared. RESULTS: Between August 2012 and July 2015, of 392 HoLEP procedures non-morcellation approaches were used for tissue retrieval in 37 (9.4%). In 19 procedures a laparotomy approach was adopted (17 mini-laparotomies and two conventional laparotomies for concomitant diverticulectomy). TUR of the enucleated adenoma was adopted in 18 patients. Baseline demographic data and indications for surgery were comparable between the groups. However, significantly larger prostates were treated in Group I. There were no significant differences between the groups for tissue retrieval time, histopathological findings of retrieved tissue, and peri-procedure biochemical changes. However, significantly more tissue was retrieved (median tissue weight 115 vs 38 g) and at a faster rate (4.6 vs 1.09 g/min) in Group I. The median hospital stay was similar in both groups, but the median time to catheter removal was longer in Group I (5 vs 2 days). Minimal and similar peri-procedure complications were reported in both groups and in both groups there was a significant and comparable improvement in all urinary outcome measures. CONCLUSION: In the absence or malfunction of a tissue morcellator, or whenever concomitant pathology indicates laparotomy, non-morcellation tissue retrieval approaches are feasible options for endourologists practicing transurethral enucleation of prostate adenoma. These approaches are valid alternatives retaining most of the advantages of the transurethral prostate enucleation procedure.

17.
Arab J Urol ; 13(4): 258-63, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26609444

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the probability of spontaneous stone passage and its predictors after drainage of obstructed kidney by JJ stent, as insertion of an internal ureteric stent is often used for renal drainage in cases of calcular ureteric obstruction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2011 and June 2013, patients for whom emergent drainage by ureteric stents were identified. The patients' demographics, presentation, and stone characteristics were reviewed. The primary endpoint for this study was stone-free status at the time of stent removal, where all patients underwent non-contrast spiral computed tomography (NCCT) before stent removal. Ureteroscopic stone extraction was performed for CT detectable ureteric stones at the time of stent removal. Potential factors affecting the need for ureteroscopic stone extraction at the time of stent removal were assessed using univariate and multivariate statistical analyses. RESULTS: Emergent ureteric stents were undertaken in 196 patients (112 males, 84 females) with a mean (SD) age of 53.7 (16.2) years, for renal obstruction drainage. At the time of stent removal, 83 patients (42.3%) were stone free; with the remaining 113 patients (57.7%) undergoing ureteroscopic stone extraction. On multivariate analysis, stone width [odds ratio (OR) 15.849, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.83; P = 0.002) and radio-opaque stones (OR 12.035, 95% CI 4.65; P < 0.001) were independent predictors of the need for ureteroscopic stone extraction at the time of stent removal. CONCLUSION: Spontaneous ureteric stone passage is possible after emergent drainage of an obstructed kidney by ureteric stenting. Stone opacity, larger stone width, and positive preoperative urine culture are associated with a greater probability of requiring ureteroscopic stone extraction after emergent drainage by ureteric stenting.

18.
J Endourol ; 29(9): 1070-5, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25793431

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of missed internal ureteral stents (IUS) on renal function and to describe different modalities of management and associated morbidity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study included patients with missed IUS (>1 year). The complications of missed IUS were categorized according to the forgotten, encrusted, calcified (FECal) grading system. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation at time of initial stent placement and time of stent removal. An age- and sex-matched group of patients who had IUS and had available follow-up for the same duration of the study group were used as a control. RESULTS: A total of 46 missed IUS in 46 patients were included. Complicated stents were reported in 34 (73.9%) patients. FECal grade 1 was reported in 16 (57.2%) patients followed by grade 2 and 4 in 5 (17.8%) patients each. Retrograde removal, visual cystolitholapaxy, ureteroscopy with laser disintegration of encrustations and combined retrograde and antegrade approach have been used in 21, 5, 10, and 9 patients, respectively. In the missed IUS group, the mean±standard deviation (SD) eGFR has declined from 65.5±26.3 mL/min/1.73m(2) to 54.3±30 mL/min/1.73m(2) (P=0.001). While in the control group, the mean±SD eGFR has increased from 57.5±30 mL/min/1.73 m(2) to 66.7±27 mL/min/1.73 m(2) (P=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Missed IUS were associated with significant complications that necessitated more invasive intervention. In addition, IUS had a negative impact on renal function at time of removal.


Assuntos
Rim/cirurgia , Litotripsia/efeitos adversos , Stents/efeitos adversos , Ureter/cirurgia , Ureteroscopia/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Remoção de Dispositivo , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Nefropatias/patologia , Nefropatias/cirurgia , Testes de Função Renal , Masculino , Análise por Pareamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morbidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
J Urol ; 192(6): 1705-9, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24977320

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We studied acute renal morphological and hemodynamic changes after shock wave lithotripsy of renal stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 adult patients with a single renal stone 25 mm or less in a radiologically normal urinary tract were eligible for shock wave lithotripsy and included in analysis. Study exclusion criteria were hypertension, diabetes mellitus, previous recent stone management and other contraindications to shock wave lithotripsy. Renal perfusion and morphological changes were evaluated by dynamic magnetic resonance imaging before, and 2 to 4 hours and 1 week after lithotripsy. RESULTS: In all cases there was a statistically significant decrease in renal perfusion 1 week after shock wave lithotripsy compared to before and 2 to 4 hours after lithotripsy (66% vs 71% and 72% of the aortic blood flow, respectively, p <0.05). At 1-week followup 39 unobstructed renal units (65%) showed no significant difference in renal perfusion at any time while 21 (35%) obstructed renal units showed a significant decrease in renal perfusion compared to before and 2 to 4 hours after lithotripsy (63% vs 76% and 75%, p = 0.003 and 0.005, respectively). Hematomas were observed in 7 cases (12%) 2 to 4 hours after lithotripsy, of which 5 were subcapsular and 2 were intrarenal. Three subcapsular hematomas resolved after 1 week. Localized loss of corticomedullary differentiation was observed in 2 patients (3.3%) with intrarenal hematoma 2 to 4 hours after treatment. Generalized loss of corticomedullary differentiation was observed 1 week after lithotripsy in 5 cases (8.3%). CONCLUSIONS: Shock wave lithotripsy alone induces minimal, reversible acute renal morphological changes and does not induce significant changes in renal perfusion. Posttreatment obstruction has a major effect on renal perfusion on the treated side and must be managed urgently.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais/terapia , Rim/irrigação sanguínea , Rim/patologia , Litotripsia/efeitos adversos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Adulto , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
20.
Urol Int ; 93(4): 403-5, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24923679

RESUMO

AIM: To analyze the status of renal function after pyeloplasty in a large contemporary adult series and to detect which variables predict improvement of renal function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 85 adult patients were retrospectively identified who had undergone pyeloplasty between January 2002 and May 2011 with available pre- and postoperative diuretic scintigraphy. Preoperative differential renal function (DRF) and single-kidney GFR (SKGFR) were obtained by (99m)Tc-MAG-3 diuretic scintigraphy. Baseline-weighted (bw-) DRF and SKGFR were calculated between baseline conditions and time of last follow-up. Factors that explain the variance of bw-DRF and bw-SKGFR were determined. RESULTS: The mean (SD) preoperative DRF significantly increased from 34% (11.6) to 37.2% (11.8) after pyeloplasty (p < 0.001). Similarly, mean (SD) SKGFR showed a significant improvement from 31.2 (12.9) to 35.9 (15) ml/min (p < 0.001). Patients with a lower baseline DRF (≤40%) showed a significant improvement as opposed to those with a higher baseline DRF (>40%) (p < 0.001 and 0.3, respectively). Baseline DRF and cortical thickness explained the variance in bw-DRF and bw-SKGFR with more contribution of baseline DRF. CONCLUSIONS: Renal function showed improvement after pyeloplasty in adults and preoperative DRF and cortical thickness were the predicting variables.


Assuntos
Rim/fisiopatologia , Obstrução Ureteral/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Cintilografia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Tecnécio Tc 99m Mertiatida , Resultado do Tratamento , Obstrução Ureteral/complicações , Obstrução Ureteral/diagnóstico , Obstrução Ureteral/fisiopatologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/instrumentação , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA