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Int J Mol Sci ; 22(14)2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34298988


This study evaluated the biocompatibility and biological performance of novel additive-manufactured bioabsorbable iron-based porous suture anchors (iron_SAs). Two types of bioabsorbable iron_SAs, with double- and triple-helical structures (iron_SA_2_helix and iron_SA_3_helix, respectively), were compared with the synthetic polymer-based bioabsorbable suture anchor (polymer_SAs). An in vitro mechanical test, MTT assay, and scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis were performed. An in vivo animal study was also performed. The three types of suture anchors were randomly implanted in the outer cortex of the lateral femoral condyle. The ultimate in vitro pullout strength of the iron_SA_3_helix group was significantly higher than the iron_SA_2_helix and polymer_SA groups. The MTT assay findings demonstrated no significant cytotoxicity, and the SEM analysis showed cells attachment on implant surface. The ultimate failure load of the iron_SA_3_helix group was significantly higher than that of the polymer_SA group. The micro-CT analysis indicated the iron_SA_3_helix group showed a higher bone volume fraction (BV/TV) after surgery. Moreover, both iron SAs underwent degradation with time. Iron_SAs with triple-helical threads and a porous structure demonstrated better mechanical strength and high biocompatibility after short-term implantation. The combined advantages of the mechanical superiority of the iron metal and the possibility of absorption after implantation make the iron_SA a suitable candidate for further development.

Implantes Absorvíveis , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Âncoras de Sutura , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/toxicidade , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Nitrogênio da Ureia Sanguínea , Fosfatos de Cálcio/química , Fosfatos de Cálcio/toxicidade , Sulfato de Cálcio/administração & dosagem , Sulfato de Cálcio/química , Sulfato de Cálcio/toxicidade , Creatinina/sangue , Desenho de Equipamento , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fêmur/ultraestrutura , Ferro , Lasers , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Estrutura Molecular , Osseointegração , Polímeros/química , Polímeros/toxicidade , Porosidade , Coelhos , Distribuição Aleatória , Resistência à Tração , Vísceras , Microtomografia por Raio-X
Exp Ther Med ; 17(4): 2907-2912, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30936960


Obstructive salivary gland diseases are common conditions that arise following the disruption of the secretary ductal system and usually results in the swelling and pain of the affected gland(s). There has been an increase in the use of sialendoscopy for the treatment and diagnosis of obstructive salivary gland infection. If damage occurs to a duct or papilla following sialendoscopy, a stent may be necessary to prevent restenosis and for maintaining the salivary duct open after complete sialendoscopy. Currently, there are only non-biodegradable salivary duct stents available. The aim of the current study was to establish a methodology for the fabrication of a biodegradable poly-L-lactide (PLLA) salivary duct stent and to examine its function in an animal model. In the current study, PLLA was used to fabricate a salivary duct stent, which was compared with other commercially available non-biodegradable products. The mechanical tests revealed that the tensile strength of the PLLA stent was similar to that of the commercially available non-biodegradable stents. The Young's modulus, which measures the stiffness of a solid material, was significantly higher for the PLLA stent compared with the commercially available non-biodegradable stents. In addition, the current study demonstrated that the PLLA salivary duct stent was easily used with current sialendoscopy techniques, allowing accurate stent placement in an animal model.