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1.
Exp Clin Transplant ; 19(11): 1173-1181, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34812708

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: After liver transplant, veno-occlusive disease and infectious complications may result from subclinical pulmonary hypertension. In this retrospective study, we investigated whether our preemptive bundle therapy was effective for subclinical pulmonary hypertension and extrasinusoidal platelet aggregation after liver transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After January 2014, nutrition therapy with glutamine, synbiotics, phosphodiesterase 3 inhibitors, prostaglandin E1, prostaglandin I2, closedloop artificial pancreas, and sivelestat has been used to reduce bacterialtranslocation, vascular endothelial cell damage, and extrasinusoidal platelet aggregation, which is administered as preemptive bundle therapy for all livertransplantrecipients. In this study, we evaluated the prognosis of 84 liver transplant recipients who underwent liver transplants through 2018. Subclinical pulmonary hypertension was evaluated in 49 adult liver transplant recipients with an evaluable main pulmonary artery trunk cross-sectional area using enhanced computed tomography in the acute phase after transplant, with 14 of these patients receiving preemptive bundle therapy. RESULTS: Subclinical pulmonary hypertension was reduced in the preemptive bundle therapy group (n = 14) compared with the nontherapy group (n = 35). The preemptive bundle therapy group showed more rapid recovery of platelet, prothrombin time, and bilirubin levels afterlivertransplant compared with the nontherapy group. The prognosis of patients in the preemptive bundle therapy group was significantly better than in the nontherapy group. Extrasinusoidal platelet aggregation was significantly lower in the preemptive bundle therapy group than in the nontherapy group. CONCLUSIONS: Preemptive bundle therapy reduced sinusoidal endothelial cell injury, extrasinusoidal platelet aggregation, and subclinical pulmonary hypertension after liver transplant, resulting in good posttransplant recovery.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398301

RESUMO

Chronic inflammation contributes to tumor development by creating a local microenvironment that facilitates neoplastic transformation and potentiates the progression of cancer. Esophageal cancer (EC) is an inflammation-associated malignancy with a poor prognosis. The nature of the switch between chronic inflammation of the esophagus and EC-related immunological changes remains unclear. Here, we examined the dynamic alterations of immune cells at different stages of chronic esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus (BE) and EC using an esophageal spontaneous carcinogenesis rat model. We also investigated the anticancer effects of metformin. To stimulate EC carcinogenesis, chronic gastroduodenal reflux esophagitis via esophagojejunostomy was induced in 120 rats in metformin-treated and non-treated (control) groups. After 40 weeks, BE and EC developed in 96.7% and 63.3% of the control group, and in 66.7% and 23.3% of the metformin-treated group, respectively. Flow cytometric analysis demonstrated that the balance of M1/M2-polarized or phospho-Stat3-positive macrophages, regulatory T, cytotoxic T, natural killer (NK), NK T cells, and Th17 T cells was dynamically changed at each stage of the disease and were resolved by metformin treatment. These findings clarify the immunity in esophageal carcinogenesis and suggest that metformin could suppress this disease by improving the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment and immune evasion.

4.
SAGE Open Med Case Rep ; 9: 2050313X211012511, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34017592

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors are common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. The major site of metastasis for gastrointestinal stromal tumors is the liver or peritoneum, while metastasis to the ovary is exceptionally rare. A 53-year-old woman visited the hospital for bloating and anorexia and was diagnosed with a huge gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor and peritoneal metastasis in the pelvis on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and abdominal enhanced computed tomography. After administration of imatinib, the tumor was significantly reduced, and we performed laparoscopic pelvic tumor resection and open proximal gastrectomy with transverse colectomy. Intraoperatively, the pelvic tumor was found to be an ovarian tumor. Microscopic examination confirmed a gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor with ovarian metastasis. In conclusion, we experienced a rare case of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor with ovarian metastasis. Preoperative administration of imatinib was successful and radical resection was achieved. Although pelvic tumors are difficult to differentiate preoperatively, the possibility of ovarian metastasis from gastrointestinal stromal tumor should be considered.

5.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 48(4): 465-471, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33976027

RESUMO

Most cancer patients receiving chemotherapy are accompanied by gut dysbiosis and intestinal mucosal barrier dysfunction to a greater or lesser degree. These disorders of the gut can easily cause bacterial translocation, resulting in the formation of immunothrombosis composed mainly of neutrophil extracellular traps and activated platelets in hepatic sinusoid in order to trap bacteria. At the same time, however, a lot of alarmin such as HMGB1, S100A8/S100A9 and VEGF‒A which are released from immunothrombosis, promote to recruit many myeloid‒derived suppressor cells(MDSCs)from bone marrow, leading to the strong immunosuppressive milieu in both liver and cancerous lesions. Therefore, intestinal care must be necessary for protection of intestinal barrier integrity during chemotherapy. Recently, we found that intestinal care using oral L‒glutamine‒ enriched supplement and probiotics including Lactobacillus casei Shirota supplement(Yakult®)and Clostridium butyricum MIYAIRI 588 strain(Miya‒BM®)could induce a strong anti‒tumor immune response through the induction of fully mature tertiary lymphoid structures in some pancreatic cancer patients who received 3 cycles of preoperative chemotherapy(gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m2 plus nab‒paclitaxel 125 mg/m2 on days 1, 8, and 15 of 28‒day cycle). In this review article, we discussed the role of intestinal care in the induction of fully mature tertiary lymphoid structures in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Probióticos , Estruturas Linfoides Terciárias , Glutamina , Humanos , Imunidade , Mucosa Intestinal , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia
6.
Artif Organs ; 45(9): 998-1005, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819346

RESUMO

Hyperglycemia associated with insulin resistance is common in surgical patients with and without diabetes and is associated with poor surgical outcomes. Several studies have recently shown that a closed-loop blood glucose monitoring system in the form of an artificial pancreas is safe and effective for surgical patients. In this study, we analyzed the risk factors for insulin resistance in patients using an artificial pancreas. We investigated 109 patients who underwent surgical management by an artificial pancreas for 24 hours from the start of surgery during either major hepatectomy (MH), defined as resection of more than two liver segments, or pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). The target glucose range was from 80 to 110 mg/dL using an artificial pancreas. We analyzed the risk factors for and predictors of a high insulin dose, including sarcopenia markers, according to the median 24-hour total insulin infusion. The median total insulin dose and glycemic control rate (GCR), which is the rate of achieving the target blood glucose range, per 24 hours were 78.0 IU and 30.4% in the MH group and 82.6 IU and 23.5% in the PD group, respectively. The muscle volume was the only independent factor in the high-dose subgroup, and the GCR was significantly lower in the high-dose subgroup despite a high insulin dose in both the MH and PD groups. The results of this study suggest that preoperative sarcopenia is closely associated with insulin resistance in the perioperative period. Clinicians must effectively manage sarcopenia, which may result in improved perioperative glycemic control and reduced postoperative complications.

7.
Cancer Rep (Hoboken) ; 4(5): e1389, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33793095

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and other immune cells have been reported as a prognostic factor in several tumors, including gastric cancer, and they play an important role in antitumor effect at the primary site. There were few reports on the immune status in peritoneal metastatic lesions for gastric cancer. AIMS: The aims of this study were to assess the prognostic significance of TILs (CD4, CD8, CD19, regulatory T cells [Tregs]), and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in peritoneal metastatic lesions. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 60 patients for gastric cancer with peritoneal metastasis who were treated between 2009 and 2016 in our institute. Immunohistochemistry for CD4, CD8, CD19, FOXP3, and CD33 was performed in the peritoneal metastatic lesions. The absolute numbers of immune cells and ratios were evaluated, and the relationship between immune-related marker and overall survival (OS) was investigated. RESULTS: A high infiltration of CD8+ lymphocytes or high CD8/CD33 ratio was a better prognosis for OS in univariate analysis using all immunologic variables (P = .012, P = .001). In multivariate analysis for clinical and immunologic variables, high CD8/CD33 ratio was identified as an independent prognostic factor for OS (Hazard ratio: 0.291, 95% confidence interval: 0.126-0.670, P = .004). CONCLUSION: High CD8/CD33 ratio and high infiltration of CD8+ lymphocytes in peritoneal metastatic lesions were favorable prognoses for gastric cancer patients with peritoneal metastasis. It is necessary to modify the immune microenvironment result to increase the level of CD8+ lymphocytes in the peritoneal metastatic lesions.

8.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 48(3): 449-451, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33790184

RESUMO

Although radiation therapy for pelvic cancer leads to improved outcomes, it may cause radiation enteritis. Radiation enteritis is classified as early and late reaction. Late reaction indicate progressive and irreversible changes caused by ischemic changes of the intestinal mucosa. Severe cases require a surgical treatment, which is challenging because of severe adhesions and a high risk of suture failure. In addition, the postoperative course may be unfavorable in some cases. We performed surgery for 4 radiation enteritis cases; however, the postoperative course was unfavorable in 2 cases because of impaired absorption and ileus of the remaining short bowel. These patients could not eat adequately after discharge; therefore, we needed to explain and make them understand the benefits and disadvantages of radiation therapy.


Assuntos
Enterite , Obstrução Intestinal , Neoplasias Pélvicas , Lesões por Radiação , Enterite/etiologia , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal , Lesões por Radiação/etiologia
9.
Mol Clin Oncol ; 14(2): 26, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33414907

RESUMO

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has become a standard treatment for borderline resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The present study examined the maximum tolerated dose of NAC with gemcitabine plus nab-paclitaxel (GnP) in patients with resectable PDAC. Between 2015 and 2019, 39 patients with resectable PDAC were enrolled in the present study. GnP was administered for two 28-day cycles on days 1, 8 and 15. The planned doses for levels 1, 2 and 3 were 75, 100 and 125 mg/m2, respectively, for nab-paclitaxel and 600, 800 and 1,000 mg/m2, respectively, for gemcitabine. Dose-limiting toxicity (neutropenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia and/or liver injury) was observed in 44.4% of patients treated at dose level 1 (21 patients) and 60.0% of those treated at dose level 2 (18 patients). Therefore, the maximum tolerated dose was set as level 1. Six patients withdrew from protocol treatment because of non-hematologic adverse events (skin rash, pancreatitis and biliary tract infection). Among the 31 patients with pathologically confirmed PDAC, partial response, stable disease and disease progression were recorded in 4 (12.9%), 24 (77.4%) and 3 (9.7%) patients, respectively. NAC significantly reduced tumor size according to computed tomography, and CA19-9 levels and the 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose maximum standardized uptake value were decreased in positron emission tomography. No postoperative complications attributable to NAC were recognized. Among the 27 patients with PDAC who underwent resection, the pathological treatment effect was judged as grades Ia, Ib and II in 21 (77.8%), 4 (14.8%) and 2 (7.4%) patients, respectively. R0 resection was performed in 24 out of 27 patients (88.9%). Adjuvant chemotherapy with oral S-1 was administered to 21 out of 27 patients (77.8%). In conclusion, NAC with GnP was safe and feasible for resectable PDAC at dose level 1. In the future, verification of the long-term results of the present study will be necessary, and a phase II clinical trial is anticipated.

10.
Gastric Cancer ; 24(1): 31-44, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32488650

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Interleukin-17A (IL-17A) is pro-inflammatory cytokine and acts as profibrotic factor in the fibrosis of various organs. Fibrosis tumor-like peritoneal dissemination of gastric cancer interferes with drug delivery and immune cell infiltration because of its high internal pressure. In this study, we examined the relationship between IL-17A and tissue fibrosis in peritoneal dissemination and elucidated the mechanism of fibrosis induced by IL-17A using human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs) and a mouse xenograft model. METHODS: Seventy gastric cancer patients with peritoneal dissemination were evaluated. The correlation between IL-17A and fibrosis was examined by immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry. A fibrosis tumor model was developed based on subcutaneous transplantation of co-cultured cells (HPMCs and human gastric cancer cell line MKN-45) into the dorsal side of nude mice. Mice were subsequently treated with or without IL-17A. We also examined the effect of IL-17A on HPMCs in vitro. RESULTS: There was a significant correlation between IL-17A expression, the number of mast cell tryptase (MCT)-positive cells, and the degree of fibrosis (r = 0.417, P < 0.01). In the mouse model, IL-17A enhanced tumor progression and fibrosis. HPMCs treated with IL-17A revealed changes to a spindle-like morphology, decreased E-cadherin expression, and increased α-SMA expression through STAT3 phosphorylation. Moreover, HPMCs treated with IL-17A showed increased migration. CONCLUSIONS: IL-17A derived from mast cells contributes to tumor fibrosis in peritoneal dissemination of gastric cancer. Inhibiting degranulation of mast cells might be a promising treatment strategy to control organ fibrosis.

11.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 19: 1533033820948141, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073719

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although cholangiolocellular carcinoma is considered a combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma, we feel that this classification is not appropriate. Therefore, we compared the diagnostic imaging findings, surgical prognosis, and pathological features of cholangiolocellular carcinoma with those of other combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma subtypes, hepatocellular carcinoma, and cholangiocarcinoma. METHODS: The study patients included 7 with classical type combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma; 8 with stem cell feature, intermediate type combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma; 13 with cholangiolocellular carcinoma; 58 with cholangiocarcinoma; and 359 with hepatocellular carcinoma. All patients underwent hepatectomy or living-related donor liver transplantation from 2001 to 2014. RESULTS: cholangiolocellular carcinoma could be distinguished from hepatocellular carcinom, other combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma subtypes, and cholangiocarcinoma by the presence of intratumoral Glisson's pedicle, hepatic vein penetration, and tumor-staining pattern on angiography-assisted CT. Cholangiolocellular carcinoma was associated with a significantly lower SUV-max than that of cholangiocarcinoma on FDG-PET. Hepatocellular carcinoma, classical type, and cholangiolocellular carcinoma had significantly better prognoses than stem cell feature, intermediate type and cholangiocarcinoma. A cholangiocarcinoma component was detected in cholangiolocellular carcinoma that progressed to the hepatic hilum, and the cholangiocarcinoma component was found in perineural invasion and lymph node metastases. CONCLUSIONS: From the viewpoint of surgeon, cholangiolocellular carcinoma should be classified as a good-prognosis subtype of biliary tract carcinoma because of its tendency to differentiate into cholangiocarcinoma during its progression, and its distinctive imaging and few recurrence rates different from other combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma subtypes.

12.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 20(1): 325, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is a serious complication after gastric cancer surgery. The current study aimed to investigate the significance of the anatomic location of the pancreas as a predictor for POPF in both laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) and open gastrectomy (OG). METHODS: In total, 233 patients with gastric cancer were assessed retrospectively. We measured the maximum vertical (P-L height; PLH) and horizontal length (P-L depth; PLD) between the upper border of pancreas and the root of left gastric artery on a preoperative CT in the sagittal direction. The maximum length of the vertical line between the surface of the pancreas and the aorta (P-A length), previously reported as prognostic factor of POPF, was also measured. We investigated the correlations between these parameters and the incidence of POPF in LG and OG groups. RESULTS: Among the patients in this study, 118 underwent OG and 115 underwent LG. In LG, the median PLH and P-A length in patients with POPF were significantly longer compared with those without POPF (p = 0.026, 0.034, respectively), but not in OG. There was no significant difference in the median PLD between the patients with or without POPF in both LG and OG. The multivariate analysis demonstrated that PLH (odds ratio [OR] 4.19, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.57-11.3, P = 0.004) and P-A length (OR 4.06, 95%CI 1.05-15.7, P = 0.042] were independent factors for predicting POPF in LG. However, intraoperative blood loss (OR 2.55, 95%CI 1.05-6.18, P = 0.038) was extracted as an independent factor in OG. The median amylase level in the drained fluid (D-Amy) were significantly higher in patients with high PLH(≥12.4 mm) or high P-A length (≥45 mm) compared with those with low PLH or low P-A length in LG. However, there were no differences in the D-Amy levels by PLH or P-A length in OG patients. CONCLUSIONS: The anatomic location of the pancreas is a specific and independent predictor of POPF in LG but not in OG. PLH is a simple parameter that can evaluate the anatomic position of the pancreas, and it may be useful for preventing POPF after LG.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pâncreas/diagnóstico por imagem , Pâncreas/cirurgia , Fístula Pancreática/epidemiologia , Fístula Pancreática/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
13.
Int J Oncol ; 57(4): 980-988, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945350

RESUMO

The impacts of post­operative abdominal infectious complications increase hematogenous distant metastasis and result in poor long­term survival after curative resection. Even if curative resection can be performed, the presence of circulating tumor cells is affected. The liver, the most common site of metastases, is an important organ in innate immune surveillance. However, the molecular mechanisms of distant hematogenous metastasis are not yet fully known. Platelets are crucial components in the tumor microenvironment that function to promote tumor progression and metastasis. The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of platelets on escape from innate immune surveillance in post­operative abdominal infectious complications. Platelet adherence was assessed by co­culturing human pancreatic cancer cells including transforming growth factor (TGF­ß)­treated BxPC­3. CD44 isoform, transcription factors and epithelial­mesenchymal transition markers were examined using western blotting. We also assessed whether cancer cells surrounded by activated platelets could escape from innate immune surveillance, using infectious and non­infectious mouse models injected intraperitoneally with LPS. Platelets were found to preferentially adhere to mesenchymal cells rather than epithelial cells. BxPC­3 epithelial cells showed upregulation of CD44­variant and epithelial splicing regulatory protein 1 (ESRP­1) expression. However, Panc­1 mesenchymal cells and TGF­ß­treated BxPC­3 cells showed upregulation of CD44­standard and zinc finger E­box­binding homeobox 1 (ZEB­1) expression and a reduction in ESRP­1. In the non­infectious model, cancer cells were not found in the liver. In the infectious model, although epithelial cells without platelet adhesion were in an apoptotic state, mesenchymal cells showed many viable cancer cells surrounded by activated platelets. Cancer cells were suggested to have phenotypic plasticity through the switching of CD44 isoforms. Mesenchymal cells, which express CD44­standard, could escape from immune surveillance by becoming surrounded by adhered activated platelets. Therefore, it may be necessary to administer antiplatelet agents to prevent distant hematogenous metastasis when post­operative abdominal infectious complications occur.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/imunologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/imunologia , Adesividade Plaquetária/imunologia , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Animais , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Plaquetas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Humanos , Receptores de Hialuronatos/imunologia , Receptores de Hialuronatos/metabolismo , Imunidade Inata , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Metástase Neoplásica , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Evasão Tumoral
14.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 5171-5180, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878805

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: In this study, the liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs)-protective effects of beraprost sodium (BPS) were investigated using mice with monocrotaline (MCT)-induced sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mice were divided into BPS, placebo and control groups. They were killed 48 h after MCT administration, and blood samples and liver tissues were evaluated. Immunostaining was performed using anti-SE-1 and anti-CD42b antibodies, whereas plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) levels were evaluated using western blot or real-time RT-PCR. RESULTS: On pathological examination, SOS-related findings were observed in zone 3 in the placebo group; however, these were significantly suppressed in the BPS group. SE-1 staining showed a consistent number of LSECs in the BPS group compared with that in the placebo group, while CD42b staining showed a significant decrease in the number of extravasated platelet aggregation (EPA) in the BPS group. PAI-1 expression was significantly lower in the BPS group than in the placebo group; however, eNOS expression was significantly higher in the BPS group than in the placebo group. CONCLUSION: Prophylactic administration of BPS is useful for suppressing the development of SOS through the protective effects of LSEC.


Assuntos
Epoprostenol/análogos & derivados , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva/tratamento farmacológico , Vasodilatadores/farmacologia , Animais , Biomarcadores , Biópsia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Epoprostenol/farmacologia , Feminino , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva/diagnóstico , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva/etiologia , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva/metabolismo , Imuno-Histoquímica , Transplante de Fígado , Camundongos , Avaliação de Sintomas
15.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 5211-5219, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878809

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: CBP is a transcriptional coactivator in the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway that is related to cell kinetics and differentiation. This study aimed to characterize ß-catenin-activated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and evaluate the direct effects of PRI-724 (a selective inhibitor of Wnt/ß-catenin/CBP signaling) on HCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immunohistochemistry for ß-catenin was performed in 199 HCC resected samples. Moreover, using cultured HCC cell lines, cell kinetics and its related proteins were analyzed after treatment of cells with C-82 (active form of PRI-724). RESULTS: Nuclear ß-catenin expression was found in 18% of HCC cases and the tumor sizes in these positive samples were larger. In HCC cell lines with a constitutively activated ß-catenin, C-82 inhibited cell proliferation. C-82 led to an increase in the percentage of cells in the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle. The percentage of cells in the sub-G1 phase also increased. Moreover, C-82 treatment significantly decreased the expression of cell proliferating markers and increased the expression of apoptosis-related proteins. CONCLUSION: PRI-724(C-82) may be a novel drug for ß-catenin-activated HCC therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Pirimidinonas/farmacologia , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Proteínas Wnt/metabolismo , beta Catenina/antagonistas & inibidores
16.
Ann Transplant ; 25: e922306, 2020 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32661218

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Severe pericentral zone (zone 3)-based liver injury (LI) may become intractable, with allograft dysfunction after liver transplantation. The phosphodiesterase-3 inhibitor, milrinone, has been reported to attenuate hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). This study clarified how hepatic IRI involved zone 3-based LI, in which zone milrinone was effective, and whether milrinone could improve small intestinal injury (SII) with hepatic IRI. MATERIAL AND METHODS Rats were divided into sham, ischemia-reperfusion (IR), or IR+milrinone groups (n=13 per group). Milrinone was administered intraportally via intrasplenic injection, and whole hepatic ischemia was induced for 30 min. Five hours after reperfusion, serum chemistry and histopathological findings were compared. Expression of CD34 for the detection of altered sinusoidal endothelium as sinusoidal capillarization and cleaved caspase-3 as an apoptosis marker were analyzed via immunohistochemistry. Survival rates were examined after 45 min of whole hepatic ischemia. RESULTS Serum aspartate aminotransferase and direct bilirubin levels were significantly decreased in the IR+milrinone group compared with those of the IR group. The degree of LI, sinusoidal capillarization and apoptosis at zone 3 in the IR group was significantly increased compared with those at the periportal zone (zone 1). These findings at zone 3 in the IR group were improved in the IR+milrinone group. SII with villus congestion and apoptosis in the IR group was significantly attenuated in the IR+milrinone group. The 7-day survival rate was significantly elevated in the IR+milrinone group as compared with that of the IR group. CONCLUSIONS A hepatic IRI model caused zone 3-based LI and SII, which were attenuated by intraportal administration of milrinone.


Assuntos
Intestino Delgado/patologia , Isquemia/patologia , Precondicionamento Isquêmico/métodos , Fígado/irrigação sanguínea , Milrinona/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 3/uso terapêutico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Animais , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia
17.
Oncol Lett ; 20(2): 1879-1887, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32724431

RESUMO

Extravasated platelet aggregation (EPA) serves an important role in the cancer microenvironment during cancer progression, and has been demonstrated to interact with tumor cells in several types of cancer. EPA induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) via transforming growth factor-ß, and also recruits immunosuppressive cells, including regulatory T (Treg) cells and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). However, the role of EPA in gastric cancer with peritoneal metastasis remains unknown. The present study analyzed the association between EPA and prognosis in patients with gastric cancer with peritoneal metastasis. The present study evaluated 62 patients diagnosed with advanced gastric cancer with peritoneal metastasis between 2001 and 2016. EPA, EMT, Treg cells and MDSCs in peritoneal metastatic lesions were detected by immunohistochemical evaluation of CD42b, SNAIL, FOXP3 and CD33, respectively. CD42b expression was observed in 56.5% (35/62) of peritoneal metastatic lesions. CD42b expression in peritoneal metastatic lesions was associated with poor overall survival compared with lower frequencies (hazard ratio, 2.03; 95% confidence interval, 1.12-3.69; P=0.018). SNAIL, FOXP3 and CD33 expression were not associated with overall survival, but CD33 expression was markedly higher in CD42b-positive patients (P=0.022). These results indicated that EPA affects immunosuppression by recruiting MDSCs in the tumor microenvironment via the secretion of soluble factors, resulting in tumor progression. EPA may be a novel therapeutic target for gastric cancer with peritoneal metastasis.

18.
Pancreas ; 49(6): 830-836, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32541639

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Severe acute pancreatitis is a serious disease, but its detailed mechanism has not yet been elucidated. We aimed to clarify the interaction between neutrophils and platelets in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis. METHODS: We induced acute pancreatitis in rats by injection of sodium taurocholate into the biliopancreatic duct and killed them over time. We observed the histological changes in pancreatic tissue with special attention to the dynamics of neutrophils and platelets. We also measured the concentrations of neutrophil- and platelet-derived factors in pancreatic tissue and blood samples. RESULTS: Neutrophils and platelets in the pancreatic tissue showed a similar pattern of migration. They initially spread in the interlobular connective tissue and finally into the lobules. The concentration of myeloperoxidase gradually increased in the inflamed pancreas until 24 hours and the concentration of thromboxane B2, plasminogen activator inhibitor 1, and CD41 also increased with time. Finally, the concentration of serum myeloperoxidase, citrullinated histone H3, and high-mobility group box 1 increased over time. CONCLUSIONS: The interaction between neutrophils and platelets in pancreatic tissue plays an important role in the mechanism of advancing severity in acute pancreatitis. Circulating damage-associated molecular patterns induced by excessive local inflammation may lead to other organ injuries.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Pâncreas/metabolismo , Pancreatite/metabolismo , Doença Aguda , Animais , Plaquetas/patologia , Comunicação Celular , Progressão da Doença , Proteína HMGB1/sangue , Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Neutrófilos/patologia , Pâncreas/patologia , Pancreatite/sangue , Pancreatite/induzido quimicamente , Peroxidase/sangue , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Contagem de Plaquetas , Ratos Wistar , Ácido Taurocólico , Tromboxano B2/metabolismo
19.
Clin Nucl Med ; 45(6): e267-e273, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32366791

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Recently, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) has been classified into small duct cholangiocarcinoma (SDC) and large duct cholangiocarcinoma (LDC) according to the origin of the biliary tree. Although the usefulness of F-FDG PET/CT in iCCA is well known, there are no reports evaluating differences in accumulation of F-FDG according to the recently described iCCA subtypes. The aim of this study was therefore to assess F-FDG accumulation and the expression of glucose transporters in SDC and LDC. METHODS: Our institutional review board approved this retrospective study and waived the requirement for informed consent. Fourteen consecutive surgically resected mass-forming iCCA (7 SDCs, 23 ± 6.7 mm; 7 LDCs, 44 ± 26 mm) were enrolled. The SUVmax on F-FDG PET/CT and the expression of glucose transporter 1 (Glut-1), Glut-2, hexokinase 2 (HK2), and glucose-6-phosphatase by immunohistochemistry were evaluated and compared between SDC and LDC. RESULTS: The SUVmax in SDC was significantly lower than that in LDC (3.2 ± 0.8 vs 7.6 ± 3.2, P < 0.01). The staining scores of Glut-1 and HK2 were significantly lower in SDC than in LDC (0 vs 3 ± 1.4, P = 0.0034; 1.6 ± 1.1 vs 3.4 ± 1.1, P = 0.014, respectively). Expression levels of Glut-2 and glucose-6-phosphatase were variable and did not show a significant difference between SDC and LDC. Overall survival was significantly worse in LDC than in SDC (P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: F-FDG accumulation and Glut-1 and HK2 expression were significantly higher in LDC than in SDC. A low-glycolytic feature may be one of the characteristic findings of SDC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/metabolismo , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Colangiocarcinoma/metabolismo , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas Facilitadoras de Transporte de Glucose/metabolismo , Idoso , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/diagnóstico por imagem , Transporte Biológico , Colangiocarcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
In Vivo ; 34(3): 1037-1045, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32354890

RESUMO

AIM: The present study aimed to examine the effects of prophylactic administration of recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (rTM) for the prevention of sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Crl:CD1 mice were allocated to the rTM, placebo, and control groups. The rTM group received an intraperitoneal administration of rTM, with intraperitoneal administration of monocrotaline (MCT) 1 h later. The placebo group received PBS instead of rTM, and the control group received PBS instead of rTM and MCT. Mice were sacrificed 48 h after MCT administration, and blood and liver tissues were evaluated. Immunostaining was performed using anti-CD42b and anti-SE-1 antibodies, and AZAN staining. Levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in whole liver tissues were estimated using RT-PCR. RESULTS: Hematoxylin-eosin staining showed that SOS-related findings were markedly attenuated in the rTM group compared to the placebo group. CD42b immunostaining showed the presence of extravasated platelet activation (EPA) in the Disse space in the placebo group, but this was less noticeable in the rTM group. PAI-1 levels were significantly lower in the rTM group than in the placebo group in RT-PCR. However, eNOS levels were significantly higher in the rTM group than in the placebo group. CONCLUSION: Administration of rTM may prevent SOS by protecting sinusoidal endothelial cells.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva/prevenção & controle , Proteínas Recombinantes/administração & dosagem , Trombomodulina/administração & dosagem , Animais , Biomarcadores , Biópsia , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva/diagnóstico , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva/etiologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Camundongos , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição , Proteínas Recombinantes/uso terapêutico , Trombomodulina/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
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