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2.
Int J Cardiol ; 299: 75-80, 2020 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: During chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), sometimes non-CTO lesions are also treated. METHODS: We compared the clinical and procedural characteristics and outcomes of CTO PCIs with and without concomitant treatment of a non-CTO lesion in a contemporary multicenter CTO registry. RESULTS: Of the 3598 CTO PCIs performed at 21 centers between 2012 and 2018, 814 (23%) also included PCI of at least one non-CTO lesion. Patients in whom non-CTO lesions were treated were older (65 ±â€¯10 vs. 64 ±â€¯10 years, p = 0.03), more likely to present with an acute coronary syndrome (32% vs. 23%, p < 0.01), and less likely to undergo PCI of a right coronary artery (RCA) CTO (46% vs. 58%, p < 0.01). The most common non-CTO lesion location was the left anterior descending artery (31%), followed by the circumflex (29%) and the RCA (25%).Combined non-CTO and CTO-PCI procedures had similar technical (88% vs. 87%, p = 0.33) and procedural (85% vs. 85%, p = 0.74) success and major in-hospital complication rates (3.4% vs. 2.7%, p = 0.23), but had longer procedure duration (131 [88, 201] vs. 117 [75, 179] minutes, p < 0.01), higher patient air kerma radiation dose (3.0 [1.9, 4.8] vs. 2.8 [1.5, 4.6] Gray, p < 0.01) and larger contrast volume (300 [220, 380] vs. 250 [180, 350] ml, p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Combined CTO PCI with PCI of non-CTO lesions is associated with similar success and major in-hospital complication rates compared with cases in which only CTOs were treated, but requires longer procedure duration and higher radiation dose and contrast volume.

4.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 10 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638578

RESUMO

AIMS: The retrograde approach is critical for achieving high success rates in chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), but has been associated with higher risk of complications. METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared the technical and procedural outcomes of retrograde (n=1,515) and antegrade-only CTO PCIs (n=2,686) in a contemporary multicenter CTO registry. The mean age of patients undergoing retrograde PCI was 65±10 years and 86% were men, with high prevalence of prior myocardial infarction (51%), prior PCI (71%), and coronary artery bypass graft surgery (45%). The mean J-CTO (3±1 vs 2±1 p<0.001) was higher in retrograde PCIs. The most commonly used collateral channels were septals (65%), epicardials (32%), saphenous venous grafts (14%) and left internal mammary artery grafts (2%). Overall technical (79% vs 91%, p<0.001) and procedural (75% vs 90%, p<0.001) success rates were lower with the retrograde approach, and patients had higher in-hospital major complications rate than antegrade-only PCIs (5.1% vs 0.8%, p<0.001), due to higher mortality (1.1% vs. 0.1%, p<0.001), acute myocardial infarction (1.9% vs 0.2%, p<0.001), repeat-PCI (0.7% vs 0.1%, p=0.001), and pericardiocentesis (1.7% vs 0.3%, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In summary, retrograde approach to CTO PCI is performed in higher complexity lesions and is associated with lower success and higher major complications rates.

5.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 31(9): 253-259, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) often requires administration of large contrast volume. The DyeVert system (Osprey Medical) is a disposable, Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved device that interfaces with standard manifold systems to reduce the amount of contrast used in cardiac catheterization. METHODS: We compared the procedural outcomes of patients in whom the DyeVert system was used vs those in whom it was not used during CTO-PCI at a single center between 2017 and 2018. RESULTS: The DyeVert system was used in 39 of 134 CTO-PCIs performed in 130 patients (30%). Most patients (79%) were men and the mean age was 66.6 ± 10.9 years. The most common target vessel was the right coronary artery (54.5%), followed by the left anterior descending artery (26.1%), and circumflex artery (15.7%). The median contrast volume used in DyeVert patients was significantly lower (200 mL [interquartile range, 153-256 mL] vs 250 mL [interquartile range, 170-303 mL]; P=.04). There were no in-hospital major complications with the DyeVert system, nor device-related procedural complications. One patient in the DyeVert group had contrast-induced nephropathy following CTO-PCI that did not require dialysis. CONCLUSION: Use of the DyeVert system is feasible during CTO-PCI and may reduce the contrast volume administered to the patient. Additional larger studies with a primary clinical endpoint are needed to confirm these findings.

6.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(17): 1635-1649, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422085

RESUMO

Patients who undergo coronary bypass graft surgery often require subsequent cardiac catheterization and repeat coronary revascularization. Saphenous vein graft lesions have high rates for distal embolization that can be reduced with use of embolic protection devices. They also have high restenosis rates, which are similar with drug-eluting and bare-metal stents. Percutaneous coronary interventions of native coronary arteries is generally preferred over saphenous vein graft interventions, but can often be complex, requiring expertise and specialized equipment. Prolonged dual-antiplatelet therapy and close monitoring can help optimize subsequent clinical outcomes.

7.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 31(7): E220-E225, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257217

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left main coronary artery (LMCA) chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has received limited study. METHODS: We reviewed 4436 CTO-PCIs performed in 4340 patients between 2012 and 2018 at 25 sites. LMCA-CTO-PCI was performed in 20 cases (0.45%). We examined the clinical and angiographic characteristics and procedural outcomes of these cases. RESULTS: Mean patient age was 68 ± 11 years and 65% were men. Most patients (85%) had undergone prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery and had a protected left main. Mean J-CTO score was 2.7 ± 1.3, mean PROGRESS-CTO score was 1.3 ± 1.1, and mean PROGRESS-CTO Complications score was 3.8 ± 1.9. Antegrade-wire escalation was the most common successful crossing strategy (50%), followed by retrograde crossing (30%) and antegrade dissection/re-entry (10%). Technical and procedural success rates were both 85%. One patient with failed LMCA-CTO-PCI had periprocedural myocardial infarction. Median procedure time was 178 minutes (interquartile range [IQR], 123-250 minutes), median contrast volume was 190 mL (IQR, 133-339 mL), and patient air kerma radiation dose was 2.6 Gray (IQR, 1.3-3.9 Gray). CONCLUSIONS: LMCA-CTO-PCI is infrequent, is performed mostly in patients with prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and is associated with good procedural outcomes.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Oclusão Coronária/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Idoso , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(3): e007338, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30871357

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We examined the procedural outcomes of chronic total occlusions (CTO) percutaneous coronary interventions in patients with prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared the clinical, angiographic characteristics and outcomes of 3486 CTO interventions performed in patients with (n=1101) and without (n=2317) prior CABG at 21 centers. Prior CABG patients (32% of total cohort) were older (67±9 versus 63±10 years; P<0.001) and had more comorbidities and lower left ventricular ejection fraction (50% [40-58] versus 55% [45-60]; P<0.001). The CTO target vessel in prior CABG patients was the right coronary artery (56%), circumflex (26%), and left anterior descending artery (17%). The mean J-CTO (2.9±1.2 versus 2.2±1.3; P<0.001) and PROGRESS-CTO (Prospective Global Registry for the Study of Chronic Total Occlusion Intervention; 1.5±1.1 versus 1.2±1.0; P<0.001) score was higher in prior CABG patients. Retrograde (53% versus 30%, P<0.001) and antegrade dissection reentry (35% versus 28%; P<0.001) techniques were used more frequently in prior CABG patients. Prior CABG patients had lower technical (84% versus 89%; P<0.001) and procedural (82% versus 87%, P<0.001) success, but similar incidence of in-hospital major complications (3.1% versus 2.5%; P=0.287). In-hospital mortality (1% versus 0.4%; P=0.016) and coronary perforation (7.1% versus 3.1%; P<0.001) occurred more frequently in prior CABG patients, however, CABG patients had a lower incidence of pericardial tamponade (0.1% versus 1.0%; P=0.002) and pericardiocentesis (0% versus 1.3%; P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In a large multicenter CTO percutaneous coronary interventions registry, prior CABG patients had lower success rate but similar overall risk for complications, although mortality was higher and the incidence of tamponade was lower. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT02061436.

10.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(4): 346-358, 2019 02 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30784639

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the frequency and outcomes of radial access for chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: Radial access improves the safety of PCI, but its role in CTO PCI remains controversial. METHODS: We compared the clinical, angiographic, and procedural characteristics of 3,790 CTO interventions performed between 2012 and 2018 via radial-only access (RA) (n = 747) radial-femoral access (RFA) (n = 844) and femoral-only access (n = 2,199) access at 23 centers in the United States, Europe, and Russia. RESULTS: Patients' mean age was 65 ± 10 years, and 85% were men. Transradial access (RA and RFA) was used in 42% of CTO interventions and significantly increased over time from 11% in 2012 to 67% in 2018 (p < 0.001). RA patients were younger (age 62 ± 10 years vs. 64 ± 10 years and 65 ± 10 years; p < 0.001), less likely to have undergone prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery (18% vs. 39% and 35%; p < 0.001), and less likely to have undergone prior PCI (60% vs. 63% and 66%; p = 0.005) compared with those who underwent RFA and femoral-only access PCI. RA CTO PCI lesions had lower J-CTO (Multicenter CTO Registry in Japan) (2.1 ± 1.4 vs. 2.6 ± 1.3 and 2.5 ± 1.3; p < 0.001) and PROGRESS CTO (Prospective Global Registry for the Study of Chronic Total Occlusion Intervention) complication (2.3 ± 1.9 vs. 3.2 ± 2.0 and 3.2 ± 1.9; p < 0.001) scores. The mean sheath size was significantly smaller in the RA group (6.6 ± 0.7 vs. 7.0 ± 0.6 and 7.3 ± 0.8; p < 0.0001), although it increased with lesion complexity. Antegrade dissection re-entry (20% vs. 33% and 32%; p < 0.001) was less commonly used with RA, whereas use of retrograde techniques was highest with RFA (47%). The overall rates of technical success (89% vs. 88% vs. 86%; p = 0.061), procedural success (86% vs. 85% vs. 85%; p = 0.528), and in-hospital major complication (2.47% vs. 3.40% vs. 2.18%; p = 0.830) were similar in all 3 groups, whereas major bleeding was lower in the RA group (0.55% vs. 1.94% and 0.88%; p = 0.013). CONCLUSIONS: Transradial access is increasingly being used for CTO PCI and is associated with similar technical and procedural success and lower major bleeding rates compared with femoral-only access interventions. (Prospective Global Registry for the Study of Chronic Total Occlusion Intervention [PROGRESS CTO]; NCT02061436).

11.
Am J Cardiol ; 123(9): 1422-1428, 2019 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30798947

RESUMO

There is limited data on the use of atherectomy during chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We compared the clinical and procedural characteristics and outcomes of CTO PCIs performed with or without atherectomy in a contemporary multicenter CTO PCI registry. Between 2012 and 2018, 3,607 CTO PCIs were performed at 21 participating centers. Atherectomy was used in 117 (3.2%) cases: rotational atherectomy in 105 cases, orbital atherectomy in 8, and both in 4 cases. Patients in whom atherectomy was used, were older (68 ± 8 vs 64 ± 10 years, p <0.0001) and had higher Japan-chronic total occlusion score (3.0 ± 1.2 vs 2.4 ± 1.3, p <0.0001). CTO PCI cases in which atherectomy was used had similar technical (91% vs 87%, p = 0.240) and procedural (90% vs 85%, p = 0.159) success and in-hospital major adverse cardiac event (4% vs 3%, p = 0.382) rates. However, atherectomy cases were associated with higher rates of donor vessel injury (4% vs 1%, p = 0.031), tamponade requiring pericardiocentesis (2.6% vs 0.4%, p = 0.012) and more often required use of a left ventricular assist device (9% vs 5%, p = 0.031). Atherectomy cases were associated with longer procedural duration (196 [141, 247] vs 119 [76, 180] minutes, p <0.0001), and higher patient air kerma radiation dose (3.6 [2.5, 5.6] vs 2.8 [1.6, 4.7] Gray, p = 0.001). In conclusion, atherectomy is currently performed in approximately 3% of CTO PCI cases and is associated with similar technical and procedural success and overall major adverse cardiac event rates, but higher risk for donor vessel injury and tamponade.


Assuntos
Aterectomia/métodos , Oclusão Coronária/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Sistema de Registros , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Angiografia Coronária , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Hellenic J Cardiol ; 60(3): 165-170, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30677518

RESUMO

Cardiogenic shock develops in up to 10% of patients with acute myocardial infarction and continues to have high mortality. Early invasive treatment is the default therapeutic approach in these patients. On the basis of the results of the CULPRIT-SHOCK trial, culprit-only revascularization during the acute phase is preferred over multivessel revascularization. Routine use of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is not recommended; however, the use of mechanical circulatory support has been increasing despite limited observational data to support its use. Several studies support multivessel revascularization in patients with uncomplicated ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction and simple nonculprit lesions to improve subsequent clinical outcomes.

13.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 31(5): 133-139, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30643040

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For patients needing coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), a planned, staged intervention has been recommended by experts. Ad hoc CTO-PCI, however, occurs in practice. METHODS: Observational, contemporary, multicenter, international registry. Our goals were to determine the frequency, characteristics, procedural techniques, and outcomes of patients who underwent ad hoc vs planned CTO-PCI. RESULTS: Among 2282 patients who underwent CTO-PCI between 2012 and 2017, 318 (14%) were ad hoc. Patients undergoing ad hoc CTO-PCI had lower J-CTO, PROGRESS CTO, and PROGRESS Complications scores. Antegrade-wire escalation was used more often in ad hoc PCI (96% vs 81%; P<.001), whereas antegrade-dissection re-entry (22% vs 32%) and retrograde approaches (14% vs 38%) were more common in planned PCI (P<.001). There was no difference in ad hoc vs planned PCI in technical (85% vs 86%) and procedural success (84% vs 84%). In-hospital major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were more common in patients who underwent planned procedures (0.6% vs 2.9%; P=.02). Multivariable analyses showed that ad hoc CTO-PCI was not associated with technical success or MACE. CONCLUSIONS: Ad hoc CTO-PCI occurs more commonly in less complex lesions and is associated with similarly high success rates as planned CTO-PCI in lower J-CTO score lesions, suggesting that ad hoc CTO-PCI may be an acceptable option for experienced hybrid operators in carefully selected cases. Complex cases, as quantified by the J-CTO score, have a higher in-hospital MACE rate and should preferably be performed following proper planning and preparation.


Assuntos
Oclusão Coronária , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico , Oclusão Coronária/fisiopatologia , Oclusão Coronária/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/métodos , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Sistema de Registros , Risco Ajustado/métodos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tempo para o Tratamento
14.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 93(4): 635-638, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30549189

RESUMO

The standard treatment for large vessel coronary perforations is implantation of a covered stent. Antegrade attempts for crossing a right coronary artery chronic total occlusion resulted in guidewire and microcatheter exit with pericardial bleeding. A balloon was inflated proximal to the perforation site to achieve temporary hemostasis. Retrograde crossing of the chronic total occlusion was achieved through an epicardial collateral using the reverse controlled antegrade and retrograde tracking technique. Stent implantation resulted in hemostasis, likely due to creation of a subintimal flap that sealed the perforation site. If technically feasible, subintimal recanalization can be an alternative treatment strategy for coronary perforations occurring during chronic total occlusion percutaneous coronary intervention.

15.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 93(3): 440-444, 2019 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30461165

RESUMO

Percutaneous coronary intervention of saphenous vein graft (SVG) lesions can be challenging due to high risk for acute and long-term complications. Treating the corresponding native coronary artery lesion(s) is preferable, but may not be feasible in the acute setting, due to high technical difficulty, especially when the native coronary lesion is a chronic total occlusion (CTO). We describe a novel concept of "staged revascularization" in patients presenting with an acute coronary syndrome due to SVG failure, whose native coronary artery supplied by the SVG has a CTO. In the first stage, the culprit SVG lesion is treated restoring flow to the supplied myocardium and minimizing the extent of myocardial injury. During the second stage (typically few weeks later), revascularization of the corresponding native coronary artery lesion(s) is performed, often using the initially treated SVG for retrograde crossing of the native coronary artery CTO. We describe two cases of non-ST segment elevation acute myocardial infarction due to SVG failure that were treated with "staged revascularization": the culprit SVG was initially treated followed by staged revascularization of the corresponding native coronary artery CTO. Staged revascularization of SVG lesions causing acute coronary syndromes may allow optimization of both acute and long-term outcomes.

16.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 31(1): 27-34, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30418166

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The most common re-entry technique during retrograde chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is reverse controlled antegrade and retrograde tracking (rCART). The use of guide-catheter extensions can facilitate rCART, but has received limited study. METHODS: We compared the clinical and procedural characteristics and outcomes of traditional rCART vs guide-catheter extension rCART vs cases in which both techniques were used (combined rCART) in patients with successful retrograde CTO crossing in a contemporary multicenter CTO-PCI registry. RESULTS: Between 2012 and 2018, rCART was used in 467 of 1336 retrograde CTO-PCI cases. Guide-catheter extension rCART was used in 60/467 cases (13%; use increased from 0% in 2012 to 26% in 2017). The traditional rCART group, guide-catheter extension rCART group, and combined rCART group had similar target lesion J-CTO scores (3.3 ± 1.1 vs 3.2 ± 1.2 vs 3.6 ± 0.8, respectively; P=.28), technical success rates (99% vs 100% vs 96.4%, respectively; P=.36), procedural success rates (93.2% vs 93.8% vs 96.3%, respectively; P=.82), and major in-hospital adverse cardiac event (MACE) rates (6.4% vs 9.4% vs 3.6%, respectively; P=.66). Total procedural time was longer in the combined rCART group (196 min [IQR, 146-256 min] vs 200 min [IQR, 164-293 min] vs 255 min [IQR, 195-280 min], respectively; P<.01), with a trend for lower patient air kerma radiation dose in the guide-catheter extension groups (4.11 Gray [IQR, 2.49-5.77 Gray] vs 3.19 Gray [IQR, 1.29-4.74 Gray] vs 3.47 Gray [IQR, 2.89-5.56 Gray]; P=.07). CONCLUSIONS: Guide-catheter extension rCART is increasingly being used for retrograde CTO crossing and is associated with similar success and MACE rates as traditional rCART.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/métodos , Cateteres Cardíacos , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão Coronária/terapia , Segurança do Paciente , Sistema de Registros , Idoso , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Doença Crônica , Estudos de Coortes , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Internacionalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med ; 20(4): 289-292, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30054257

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Patients and lesions at a higher procedural risk for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are an understudied population. We examined the frequency, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of higher risk and non-higher risk PCIs at a large tertiary center. METHODS/MATERIALS: The following procedures were considered higher risk: unprotected left main PCI, chronic total occlusion PCI, PCI requiring atherectomy, multivessel PCI, bifurcation PCI, PCI in prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) patients, pre-PCI left ventricular ejection fraction ≤30%, or use of hemodynamic support. RESULTS: Of the 1975 PCIs performed from 6/29/09 to 12/30/2016 in patients without acute coronary syndromes, 1230 (62%) were higher risk. Patients undergoing higher risk PCI were more likely to have a history of CABG, myocardial infarction, PCI, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral arterial disease, or congestive heart failure. Higher risk PCIs required more stents (2.0 vs. 1.0, p < 0.001), and had longer median fluoroscopy times (17.3 vs. 8.5 min, p < 0.001) and higher median contrast doses (160 vs. 120 mL, p < 0.001). In higher risk PCIs, the risks for technical failure and periprocedural complications were 2.9 (95% CI 1.2-7.4) times and 2.2 (95% CI 0.9-5.4) times higher as compared with non-higher risk PCI procedures. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, over half of the PCIs performed in non-acute coronary syndrome patients were higher risk and were associated with lower odds of technical success and higher periprocedural complication rates as compared with non-higher risk PCIs. SUMMARY: We examined the frequency, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of higher risk and non-higher risk PCIs at a large tertiary center. Higher risk PCI was associated with lower odds of technical and procedural success and higher odds of procedural complications as compared with non-higher risk PCI. However, the risk/benefit ratio may still be favorable for many of these higher-risk patients and should be estimated on a case by case basis.

18.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 93(1): 48-56, 2019 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30312992

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We examined the contemporary incidence, types, predictors, angiographic characteristics, management and outcomes of coronary perforation. BACKGROUND: Coronary perforation is a rare, but important, complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). There is lack of data on perforations stratified as large and distal vessel perforations. METHODS: Retrospective, observational cohort study of all patients who underwent PCI at a high volume, tertiary hospital between the years 2009 and 2016. Angiograms of all coronary perforation cases were reviewed to determine the mechanism, type, and management of perforation. Risk-adjusted periprocedural complication rates were compared between patients with and without coronary perforation. One-year mortality outcomes of patients with large vessel vs. distal vessel perforation were also examined. RESULTS: Coronary perforation occurred in 68 of 13,339 PCIs (0.51%) performed during the study period: 51 (75%) were large vessel perforations and 17 (25%) distal vessel perforations. Most (67%) large vessel perforations were due to balloon/stent inflation, whereas most (94%) distal vessel perforations were due to guidewire exit. Patients with coronary perforations had significantly higher risk for periprocedural complications (adjusted odds ratio 7.57; 95% CI: 4.22-13.50; P < 0.001). Only one patient with large vessel perforation required emergency cardiac surgery, yet in-hospital mortality was high with both large vessel (7.8%) and distal vessel (11.8%) perforations. CONCLUSIONS: Coronary perforation is an infrequent, but potentially severe PCI complication. Most coronary perforations are large vessel perforations. Although coronary perforations rarely lead to emergency cardiac surgery, both distal vessel and large vessel perforations are associated with high in-hospital mortality, highlighting the importance of prevention.


Assuntos
Vasos Coronários/lesões , Traumatismos Cardíacos/epidemiologia , Doença Iatrogênica/epidemiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angiografia Coronária , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Traumatismos Cardíacos/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Traumatismos Cardíacos/terapia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/mortalidade , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/terapia
19.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 30(12): 456-460, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30504514

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) is most commonly used in patients with cardiac arrest and cardiogenic shock. There are limited data on the use of VA-ECMO for elective, high-risk percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We examined the in-hospital and mid-term clinical outcomes in patients undergoing complex, high-risk PCI with VA-ECMO support. METHODS: . We conducted a retrospective review of ECMO-supported elective high-risk PCIs performed at our institution between May 2012 and May 2017. The electronic medical records and angiograms were individually reviewed. We assessed the in-hospital and mid-term major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event (MACCE) rates, and reviewed bleeding and vascular complications. RESULTS: Five patients underwent elective high-risk PCI with ECMO support. Mean age was 66.8 ± 8.6 years and all patients were men. The mean ejection fraction was 26.6 ± 18.0%. Most procedures were unprotected left main PCIs. All PCIs were successful; 1 patient required femoral artery surgical repair. The mean hospital stay post procedure was 6.4 ± 2.0 days. ECMO was successfully weaned in all cases, and the duration of ECMO was <24 hours in 4 cases. There was no occurrence of in-hospital and 1-year MACCE. CONCLUSION: ECMO can be successfully used for hemodynamic support during elective high-risk PCI.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/métodos , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/métodos , Parada Cardíaca/cirurgia , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Choque Cardiogênico/cirurgia , Parada Cardíaca/complicações , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Choque Cardiogênico/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Can J Cardiol ; 34(10): 1264-1274, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30269827

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ostial chronic total occlusions (CTOs) can be challenging to recanalize. METHODS: We sought to examine the prevalence, angiographic presentation, and procedural outcomes of ostial (side-branch ostial and aorto-ostial) CTOs among 1000 CTO percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) performed in 971 patients between 2015 and 2017 at 14 centres in the US, Europe, and Russia. RESULTS: Ostial CTOs represented 16.9% of all CTO PCIs: 9.6% were aorto-ostial, and 7.3% were side-branch ostial occlusions. Compared with nonostial CTOs, ostial CTOs were longer (44 ± 33 vs 29 ± 19 mm, P < 0.001) and more likely to have proximal-cap ambiguity (55% vs 33%, P < 0.001), moderate/severe calcification (67% vs 45%, P < 0.001), a diffusely diseased distal vessel (41% vs 26%, P < 0.001), interventional collaterals (64% vs 53%, P = 0.012), and previous coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) (51% vs 27%, P < 0.001). The retrograde approach was used more often in ostial CTOs (54% vs 29%, P < 0.001) and was more often the final successful crossing strategy (30% vs 18%, P = 0.003). Technical (81% vs 84%, P = 0.280), and procedural (77% vs 83%, P = 0.112) success rates and the incidence of in-hospital major complication were similar (4.8% vs 2.2%, P = 0.108), yet in-hospital mortality (3.0% vs 0.5%, P = 0.010) and stroke (1.2% vs 0.0%, P = 0.030) were higher in the ostial CTO PCI group. In multivariable analysis, ostial CTO location was not independently associated with higher risk for in-hospital major complications (adjusted odds ratio 1.27, 95% confidence intervals 0.37 to 4.51, P = 0.694). CONCLUSIONS: Ostial CTOs can be recanalized with similar rates of success as nonostial CTOs but are more complex, more likely to require retrograde crossing and may be associated with numerically higher risk for major in-hospital complications.


Assuntos
Oclusão Coronária/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros , Doença Crônica , Angiografia Coronária , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico , Oclusão Coronária/epidemiologia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
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