Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 30
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32420695

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence suggests that adipose-derived stem cell constituent extract (ADSC-CE) helps hair regrowth in patients with androgenetic alopecia (AGA). However, the effects of ADSC-CE have not been demonstrated in a randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled clinical trial. In this randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled clinical trial, 38 patients (29 men) with AGA were assigned to an intervention group (IG), with twice-daily self-application of the ADSC-CE topical solution over the scalp with fingers, or to a control group (CG). Changes in hair count and thickness from the baseline at 16 weeks were evaluated using a phototrichogram. Overall, 34 (89%) patients (mean age, 45.3 years) completed the study. The phototrichogram at week 8 showed more increase in hair count in the IG than in the CG, and intergroup differences in the change of hair count remained significant until week 16 with overall changes of 28.1% vs 7.1%, respectively. Similarly, a significant improvement in hair diameter was observed in the IG (14.2%) after 16 weeks when compared with hair diameter in the CG (6.3%). Our findings suggest that the application of the ADSC-CE topical solution has enormous potential as an alternative therapeutic strategy for hair regrowth in patients with AGA, by increasing both hair density and thickness while maintaining adequate treatment safety.

2.
World J Mens Health ; 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32202085

RESUMO

As a chronic and relapsing disease, obesity negatively impacts the health of men to a greater extent than that of women, with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease. Since lifestyle modifications alone are often challenging and limited for the maintenance of weight reduction, pharmacotherapy should be considered in a timely manner for obese men or overweight patients with weight-related comorbidities. Recent advances in anti-obesity drugs have enabled the potential of achieving clinically significant weight loss. Increasing evidence has shown that behavior-based interventions with one of these medications can result in greater weight loss than that elicited by usual care conditions. Data from most recent meta-analyses showed that the overall placebo-subtracted weight reduction (%) with the use of anti-obesity drugs for at least 12 months ranges from 2.9% to 6.8%; phentermine/topiramate (-6.8%) liraglutide (-5.4%), naltrexone/bupropion (-4.0%), lorcaserin (-3.1%), and orlistat (-2.9%). However, they have a high cost and may cause adverse outcomes depending on the individual. Very recently, on February 13, 2020, the US Food and Drug Administration requested withdrawal of lorcaserin from the market because a safety clinical trial showed an increased occurrence of cancer. Therefore the decision to initiate drug therapy in obese individuals should be made after the benefits and risks are considered. Thereafter, treatment should be tailored to specific patient subpopulations depending on their chronic conditions, comorbidities, and preferences. Herein, we provide an overview of the latest developments in weight loss medications, which may serve as one of the strategies for long-term obesity control.

3.
Korean J Fam Med ; 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045964

RESUMO

Background: Grip strength is a convenient method to measure muscle strength. Recently, relative handgrip strength (HGS) was recommended as a clinical predictor of metabolic health and disease, such as dyslipidemia, which is considered a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to characterize the association between relative HGS and dyslipidemia. Methods: We included 6,027 adults (2,934 men, 3,093 women) aged 30-69 years who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2014 and 2015. Relative HGS was obtained by dividing the HGS by body mass index. Complex sampling analysis was conducted to compare the general characteristics of participants according to the quartiles of relative HGS. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between quartiles of relative HGS and dyslipidemia. Results: After adjustment for age, prevalence of diabetes mellitus, prevalence of hypertension, alcohol consumption, smoking status, exercise, income, and education level, relative HGS was inversely associated with dyslipidemia in both men and women. In multivariable logistic regression analysis, the odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for dyslipidemia in quartiles 1, 2, and 3 relative to quartile 4 were 1.36 (1.00-1.83), 1.29 (0.98-1.70), 1.23 (0.95- 1.60) in men and 1.81 (1.30-2.50), 1.81 (1.32-2.47), 1.39 (1.07-1.81) in women, respectively. Conclusion: Relative HGS was inversely associated with dyslipidemia risk in Korean adults. Muscle-strengthening exercise is recommended to enhance health outcomes.

4.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 69(12): 1771-1776, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31853101

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between serum C-reactive protein level and health-related quality of life, and to assess the relationship between the two in terms of controlling for obesity and other covariates. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted retrospectively at university hospital in Yangsan from January to December 2017 using the nationally representative 2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). High C-reactive protein was defined as level ≥1.0mg/L. Health-related quality of life was assessed using the Euro-Quality of Life-5 dimensions tool. The association between high C-reactive protein and health-related quality of life was analysed using logistic regression analysis and was adjusted for variables. The subjects were categorised into four groups according to the level of C-reactive protein, and the presence of obesity was analysed. RESULTS: Of the 3376 subjects, 1,413(42%) were men and 1,963(58%) were women. C-reactive protein level was <1.0 in 2490(73.7%) subjects and ≥1.0 in 886(26.2%). High CRP level was associated with low health-related quality of life for mobility and usual activities (p<0.05). However, in multivariable logistic model, the associations ceased to be statistically significant (p>0.05) after adjusting for the presence of obesity. CONCLUSIONS: Obesity was found to play an important role in the association between C-reactive protein and healthrelated quality of life in Korean population.

5.
Korean J Fam Med ; 40(6): 380-387, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31779065

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Serum-ferritin levels may be associated with psychiatric symptoms among the elderly; however, this association has not been extensively studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between serumferritin levels and mental health issues in older Koreans. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included large-scale national data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2012. In total, 1,802 older Koreans (≥65 years old) were included. The assessed psychiatric symptoms included short sleep duration, stress, depressed mood, and suicidal ideation. Any association between serum-ferritin levels and mental health issues according to sex was examined using logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The prevalence of short sleep duration, stress, depressed mood, and suicidal ideation was 50.9%, 21.7%, 18.2%, and 22.5%, respectively. In men, suicidal ideation decreased with increased serum-ferritin levels after multivariate adjustment for sociodemographic and lifestyle factors and comorbidities. The odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of suicidal ideation by quartiles of serum-ferritin level were 1 (reference), 1.132 (95% CI, 0.569-2.252), 0.453 (95% CI, 0.217-0.945), and 0.608 (95% CI, 0.295-1.253), respectively, (P for trend=0.039). In women, no trend was observed. However, compared to the lowest quartile, short sleep duration (<7 h) and stress perception were significantly decreased in the third quartile, with odds ratios of 0.601 (95% CI, 0.461-0.888), and 0.606 (95% CI, 0.386-0.952), respectively. CONCLUSION: Moderate serum-ferritin levels were associated with decreased risk for suicide ideation in men, and were associated with decreased short sleep duration and stress perception in women.

6.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 12: 1727-1733, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564940

RESUMO

Background: Obesity is an important risk factor of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Atherosclerosis can be considered an important signal of CVD. Primary physicians can reduce the risk of CVD by preventing and treating obesity. Therefore, finding a tool to diagnose the association of obesity with arteriosclerosis is important. The association between obesity parameters and arterial stiffness remains controversial. To our knowledge, no previous studies reported the relationships between multiple new anthropometric parameters (a body shape index [ABSI], body round index [BRI], and visceral adiposity index [VAI]) and brachial-ankle wave velocity (ba-PWV) as an indicator of CVD risk, especially in the Korean population. Objective: To investigate the relationships between arterial stiffness (assessed using ba-PWV) and anthropometric parameters estimated on the basis of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), ABSI, BRI, and VAI, and to identify the indicators of obesity that best represents CVD risk. Methods: A total of 2,647 adults (1,474 men and 1,173 women) were recruited for this cross-sectional study. The correlations between the anthropometric indexes (BMI, WC, ABSI, BRI, and VAI) and mean ba-PWV were analyzed. A multivariate linear regression analysis was performed to evaluate the association between each anthropometric and the presence of arterial stiffness. Results: We investigated the relationships between the obesity parameters and ba-PWV by adjusting the covariates (age, diabetes mellitus [DM], hypertension [HTN], and smoking status) related to the mean ba-PWV. In the multivariate regression analysis, ABSI (men: ß =0.066, p<0.01; women: ß =0.087, p<0.001) and VAI (men: ß =0.067, p<0.01; women: ß =0.136, p<0.001) were found to be significantly correlated with the mean ba-PWV in both men and women in Korea. Conclusion: Among the new obesity indices, ABSI and VAI were found to be significantly associated with arterial stiffness, represented by the mean ba-PWV, in both men and women in Korea. These results suggest that ABSI and VAI may be convenient, highly cost-effective, and simple assessment tools for obesity and CVD risk in clinical practice.

7.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 7(6): e13381, 2019 06 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31215513

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known of the effect of wearable devices on metabolic impairments in clinical settings. We hypothesized that a wearable device that can monitor and provide feedback on physical activity may help resolve metabolic syndrome. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the objective effects of the use of these devices on metabolic syndrome resolution. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with metabolic syndrome were recruited. Participants were prescribed regular walking using a wearable device (Coffee WALKIE +Dv.3, GC Healthcare CI, Korea) on their wrist for 12 weeks. Participants received self-feedback on the amount of their exercise through an app on their mobile phone. The information on physical activities of the participants was uploaded automatically to a website. Thus, a trained nurse could provide individuals with feedback regarding the physical activity via telephone consultation on alternate weeks. Blood pressure (BP), body composition, fasting plasma glucose, and lipid profiles were recorded. The primary outcome was metabolic syndrome resolution. The secondary outcome was an improvement in the components of metabolic impairment. RESULTS: Of the 53 participants recruited, 20 participants with a median age of 46 (range 36-50) years completed the trial. There was no significant difference in the amount of calorie expenditure at weeks 4, 8, and 12. After 12 weeks, metabolic syndrome was resolved in 9 of 20 participants (45%), and the mean number of metabolic impairment components per person decreased from 3.4 to 2.9. Particularly, the mean systolic and diastolic BP decreased from mean 136.6 (SD 18.5) mm Hg to mean 127.4 (SD 19.5) mm Hg and from mean 84.0 (SD 8.1) mm Hg to mean 77.4 (SD 14.4) mm Hg (both P=.02), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This study found that a 12-week intervention via feedback, based on a wearable physical activity monitor, helped metabolic syndrome patients to be more engaged in regular walking and it improved impaired metabolic components, especially in BP. However, some practical challenges regarding patients' adherence and sustained engagement were observed.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico/psicologia , Retroalimentação , Síndrome Metabólica/terapia , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis/normas , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aplicativos Móveis/normas , Aplicativos Móveis/estatística & dados numéricos , Projetos Piloto , República da Coreia , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
Korean J Fam Med ; 40(3): 176-181, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31072076

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of chronic kidney disease is increasing worldwide. Several studies have suggested that obesity is associated with early renal dysfunction. However, little is known about the relationship between obesity phenotypes and early renal function decline. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the relationship between obesity phenotypes and early renal function decline in adults without hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of clinical and anthropometric data from 1,219 patients who underwent a routine health checkup in 2014. We excluded adults with cardiovascular disease, renal disease, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, or low glomerular filtration rate (<60 mL/min/1.73 m2). Renal function was determined according to the estimated glomerular filtration rate calculated using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration creatinine-cystatin C equation. RESULTS: Age, sex, body mass index, waist circumference, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein, and fasting glucose had an association with the estimated glomerular filtration rate. After adjusting for age, sex, smoking status, and alcohol intake, the odds ratios of the metabolically abnormal normal weight and metabolically abnormal obese phenotypes for the presence of low estimated glomerular filtration rates were 1.807 (95% confidence interval, 1.009- 3.236) and 1.834 (95% confidence interval, 1.162-2.895), compared with the metabolically healthy normal weight phenotype. However, the metabolically healthy obese phenotype did not show a significant association with early renal function decline. CONCLUSION: In this cross-sectional study, we confirmed the association between the metabolically abnormal normal weight and metabolically abnormal obese phenotypes and early kidney function decline in adults without hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes.

9.
Mar Drugs ; 17(3)2019 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30866485

RESUMO

Recent animal studies found the potential of a collagen peptide derived from skate skin to have anti-obesity effects through the suppression of fat accumulation and regulation of lipid metabolism. However, no studies have yet been performed in humans. Here, this very first human randomized, placebo-controlled, and double-blinded study was designed to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of skate skin collagen peptides (SCP) for the reduction of body fat in overweight adults. Ninety healthy volunteers (17 men) aged 41.2 ± 10.4 years with a mean body mass index of 25.6 ± 1.9 kg/m² were assigned to the intervention group (IG), which received 2000 mg of SCP per day or to the control group (CG) given the placebo for 12 weeks and 81 (90%) participants completed the study. Changes in body fat were evaluated using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry as a primary efficacy endpoint. After 12 weeks of the trial, the percentage of body fat and body fat mass (kg) in IG were found to be significantly better than those of subjects in CG (-1.2% vs. 2.7%, p = 0.024 and -1.2 kg vs. 0.3 kg, p = 0.025). Application of SCP was well tolerated and no notable adverse effect was reported from both groups. These results suggest the beneficial potential of SCP in the reduction of body fat in overweight adults.


Assuntos
Fármacos Antiobesidade/uso terapêutico , Colágeno/uso terapêutico , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Peptídeos/uso terapêutico , Administração Oral , Adulto , Animais , Fármacos Antiobesidade/química , Índice de Massa Corporal , Colágeno/química , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeos/química , Pele/química , Extratos de Tecidos/química , Extratos de Tecidos/uso terapêutico
10.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 12: 131-137, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30666141

RESUMO

Background: High intraocular pressure (IOP) is well established as the most significant risk factor for both the development and progression of primary open-angle glaucoma. Elevated IOP is more frequently seen in the presence of metabolic disturbances that are associated with the components of metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between ocular hypertension and MetS. Patients and methods: We examined the relationship between ocular hypertension and MetS in 17,160 Korean adults without glaucoma aged >19 years (7,368 men and 9,792 women) who participated in the 2008-2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to assess the relationship between MetS and ocular hypertension, after adjusting for age, body mass index, smoking, alcohol consumption, and regular exercise. Results: The prevalence of MetS was 35.1% among males and 30.1% among females. The prevalence of ocular hypertension was 1.3% among males with MetS and 0.7% among females with MetS. Participants with MetS had a significantly higher IOP than those without MetS (P≤0.001), and each component of MetS had a different effect on the IOP. Hypertension was the strongest predictor of an elevated IOP. In multivariate regression analysis, ocular hypertension was significantly associated with MetS (P=0.027 for men; P=0.015 for women). Conclusion: There is a statistically significant relationship between MetS and ocular hypertension.

11.
Am J Hypertens ; 32(2): 202-208, 2019 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30452540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although previous studies have explored the effect of smoking on blood pressure, little is still known about the role of time to first cigarette (TTFC)-an indicator of nicotine dependence-in hypertension. Therefore, we evaluated this association using representative nationwide data. METHODS: Current daily smokers (N = 941; aged 19-79 years) who participated in the 7th version of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I (2016) were included. We categorized participants into 4 groups according to their TTFC. Furthermore, we categorized participants into hypertensive and nonhypertensive groups based on whether they were taking antihypertensive medications or had high blood pressure (≥140/90 mm Hg). The association of daily TTFC and hypertension was examined without adjusting for any covariates; after adjusting for smoking behaviors; and after adjusting for demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, health-related behaviors, and comorbidities. RESULTS: In the fully adjusted weighted regression analysis, participants reporting TTFC ≤ 5 minutes (vs. >60 minutes) had roughly twice the odds of having hypertension (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.07-4.16) and the adjusted odds ratios compared with TTFC of >60 minutes were 1.53 (95% CI = 0.81-2.86) for 6-30 minutes and 1.31 (95% CI = 0.68-2.50) for 31-60 minutes (Ptrend = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Hypertension risk increases with shorter TTFC. Especially, TTFC of ≤5 minutes may prove valuable in assessing the risk of hypertension. Screening smokers based on their TTFC might be useful in assessing their risk of hypertension and smoking cessation programs.

12.
Korean J Fam Med ; 39(6): 347-354, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30376701

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: BMI alone may not serve as an index of obesity because it does not reflect body composition. The present study aimed to compare arterial stiffness as assessed by the brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (ba-PWV) among groups defined by body fat percentage (pBF) and BMI. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was based on 1,700 participants (1,044 men and 656 women) who completed a health screening examination at a national hospital between January 2011 and February 2016. Participants were divided into four groups according to BMI and pBF: normal fat and normal weight (NFNW); excessive fat and normal weight (EFNW); normal fat and obese (NFO); and excessive fat and obese (EFO). The ba-PWV and other cardiometabolic factors were compared among the four groups in men and women separately. RESULTS: For both sexes, the NFNW group had a lower metabolic risk compared to that in the other groups (EFNW, NFO, and EFO). After adjusting for multiple variables, the NFO males had a significantly lower ba-PWV compared to those in the other groups, including NFNW males. The NFO group had significantly more skeletal muscle mass and muscle mass compared the other groups (P<0.05). Among women, the NFNW group had a significantly lower ba-PWV compared the other groups, even after adjusting for multiple variables. CONCLUSION: Lower pBF in obese men may be associated with improved cardiovascular risk.

13.
Nutrients ; 10(9)2018 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30154371

RESUMO

To evaluate associations between handgrip strength (HGS) and dietary nutrients, this study of a representative Korean population of 1553 adults aged ≥60 years (706 men and 847 women) analyzed data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2016). HGS was measured in both hands three times using a digital grip strength dynamometer. Dietary intake data were collected by the 24-h recall method through computer-assisted personal interviews. The study population had a mean age of 70.1 years, body mass index (BMI) of 24.2 kg/m², and HGS of 35.7 kg in men, 21.2 kg in women. Total energy (r = 0.411), protein (r = 0.217), polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) (r = 0.269), fiber (r = 0.272), and vitamin C (r = 0.098) were positively correlated with HGS. In multivariable regression analysis, PUFA (ß = 0.083) and vitamin C (ß = 0.003) were positively associated with HGS among women. Fiber (ß = 0.071) and vitamin C (ß = 0.006) showed a positive association with HGS among men. Community-dwelling older men and women with higher levels of PUFA, fiber, and vitamin C in their diet were more likely to have greater HGS even after adjusting for age, total calorie intake, BMI, chronic diseases and health-related habits.


Assuntos
Força da Mão , Envelhecimento Saudável , Valor Nutritivo , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Ácido Ascórbico/administração & dosagem , Estudos Transversais , Fibras na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Ingestão de Energia , Ácidos Graxos Insaturados/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Masculino , Dinamômetro de Força Muscular , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Estado Nutricional , Recomendações Nutricionais , República da Coreia
14.
BMC Palliat Care ; 17(1): 45, 2018 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29514632

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study investigates the effects of a new medical insurance payment system for hospice patients in palliative care programs and analyzes length of survival (LoS) determinants. METHOD: At the Pusan National University Hospital hospice center, between January 2015 and April 2016, 276 patients were hospitalized with several diagnosed types of terminal stage cancer. This study separated patients into two groups, "old" and "new," by admission date, considering the new system has been applied from July 15, 2015. The study subsequently compared LoS, total cost, and out-of-pocket expenses for the two groups. RESULTS: Overall, 142 patients applied to the new medical insurance payment system group, while the old medical insurance payment system included 134 patients. The results do not show a significantly negative difference in LoS for the new system group (p = 0.054). Total cost is higher within the new group (p <  0.001); however, the new system registers lower patient out-of-pocket expenses (p <  0.001). CONCLUSION: The novelty of this study is proving that the new medical insurance payment system is not inferior to the classic one in terms of LoS. The total cost of the new system increased due to a multidisciplinary approach toward palliative care. However, out-of-pocket expenses for patients overall decreased, easing their financial burden.


Assuntos
Seguro Saúde/normas , Neoplasias/economia , Cuidados Paliativos/economia , Sistema de Pagamento Prospectivo/normas , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Seguro Saúde/economia , Tempo de Internação/tendências , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/terapia , República da Coreia , Análise de Sobrevida
15.
Obes Res Clin Pract ; 11(2): 167-176, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27079120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate associations between degrees of obesity using correlations between obesity indices and cardiometabolic risk factors in women. METHODS: BMI, waist circumference (WC), fasting insulin, fasting glucose, lipids, and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) area using computed tomographic images were measured in 113 women with obesity. Correlations between obesity indices and cardiometabolic risk factors were analyzed in subgroups defined using sequential obesity indices. RESULTS: Mean BMI and WC were 29.6kg/m2 and 92.8cm. BMI showed significant correlations with all five cardiometabolic risk factors until the BMI cut-off point reached 29kg/m2, but when it exceeded 30kg/m2, correlations no longer existed. WC was significantly correlated with all five cardiometabolic risk factors up to a value of 85cm, but when WC exceeded 90cm, correlations no longer existed. CONCLUSIONS: Our cross-sectional study suggest that significant correlations between obesity indices and cardiometabolic risk factors may disappear, when obesity cut-off points exceed certain limits in women.


Assuntos
Glicemia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Insulina/sangue , Gordura Intra-Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Obesidade Mórbida/metabolismo , Circunferência da Cintura/fisiologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade Mórbida/diagnóstico por imagem , Fatores de Risco
16.
J Obes Metab Syndr ; 26(2): 114-121, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31089505

RESUMO

Background: Desacyl ghrelin is acylated by ghrelin O-acyltransferase (GOAT) and converted to acyl ghrelin. To date, little is known about the relationship among the levels of these two forms of ghrelin, GOAT level, and insulin resistance in Asian individuals. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between insulin resistance and the levels of plasma acyl ghrelin, desacyl ghrelin, and GOAT in asymptomatic middle-aged Korean men. Methods: This cross-sectional study evaluated 78 asymptomatic middle-aged Korean men with metabolic syndrome (MS). We examined the correlation between the plasma levels of acyl ghrelin, desacyl ghrelin, and GOAT and sociodemographic, dietary, anthropometric, and metabolic parameters, as well as the association between insulin resistance and plasma levels of acyl ghrelin, desacyl ghrelin, and GOAT. Results: The levels of desacyl ghrelin and total ghrelin were significantly lower in the MS group than in the non-MS group (P<0.017, P=0.01, respectively). HOMA-IR values showed a significant negative correlation with desacyl ghrelin (r=-0.271, P=0.017) and total ghrelin (r=-0.271, P=0.016) levels. Acyl ghrelin and GOAT were not significantly correlated with HOMA-IR, and no correlation was found between the plasma levels of the two ghrelin types and GOAT. Conclusion: The plasma levels of desacyl ghrelin and total ghrelin in middle-aged Korean men with MS were lower than in those without MS. A significant negative correlation was observed between desacyl ghrelin level and HOMA-IR; however, no correlation was found between plasma levels of acyl ghrelin and GOAT and HOMA-IR.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 95(46): e5325, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27861360

RESUMO

Previous studies have reported that uterine leiomyoma (UL) may share pathogenic features with obesity and hypertension, which are components of metabolic syndrome (MetS). We examined the association between UL and MetS in premenopausal parous women.This 1:1 case-control study was conducted on 615 asymptomatic women with UL and 615 women without UL that were matched for age, reproductive history, and hormonal use, who underwent a comprehensive health examination. UL was diagnosed by a gynecologist based on transvaginal ultrasonography findings. Blood pressure (BP), body composition, fasting plasma glucose, lipid profiles, insulin, and HOMA-IR were checked.Median age of the 1230 study subjects was 44 (40-47) years and 7% had MetS. Women with UL had significantly higher waist circumferences and body fat, BP, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) than women without UL. Although nonsignificant, the prevalence of MetS was higher in the UL group than in the non-UL group (9.3% vs 5.7%). In addition, the prevalence of UL increased as the number of abnormal metabolic components increased and was higher than in women without UL. Conditional logistic regression analysis, after adjustment for confounding factors, showed that hyperglycemia was significantly associated with an increased risk of UL (odds ratio = 1.45; 95% confidence interval, 1.10-1.89).Prevalence of abnormal metabolic component was higher in premenopausal women with UL than in normal controls, regardless of age or reproductive history. Furthermore, the study suggests that UL may share pathogenic features with the components of MetS and that women with UL be considered eligible for the early screening of metabolic abnormalities.


Assuntos
Leiomioma/epidemiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Paridade , Pré-Menopausa , Prevalência , Pontuação de Propensão , República da Coreia/epidemiologia
18.
Nutrients ; 8(10)2016 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27775565

RESUMO

Hypovitaminosis D and stress are common problems among the elderly. The aim of this cross-sectional nationally representative study was to evaluate the association between hypovitaminosis D and stress perception using large-scale nationally representative data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2012-2013). In our study, a total of 1393 elders (≥65 years old) were included to evaluate the association between hypovitaminosis D and stress perception. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels were determined using radioimmunoassay, and perceived stress status was assessed by a self-reporting questionnaire. The association between hypovitaminosis D and stress perception according to sex was examined using logistic regression analysis. After multivariate adjustment for sociodemographic and lifestyle factors and comorbidities, hypovitaminosis D was significantly associated with perceived stress (odds ratio, 2.73; 95% confidence interval, 1.10-6.77; p = 0.029) among women; however, this association was not significant among men. Hypovitaminosis D was a risk factor for higher stress perception in older Korean women. Even though the role of vitamin D in stress perception is still unclear, we suggest screening for hypovitaminosis D among the elderly.


Assuntos
Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoensaio , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Razão de Chances , República da Coreia , Fatores de Risco , Autorrelato , Fatores Sexuais , Estresse Psicológico/sangue , Vitamina D/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue
19.
J Womens Health (Larchmt) ; 25(11): 1159-1165, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27351240

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis and tooth loss are major health problems in postmenopausal women in a fast-aging country. In this study, we investigated the relationship between low bone mineral density (BMD) and edentulism. METHODS: Data for this cross-sectional study were obtained from the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2012. BMD was measured, and a dental examination was performed on the 2,129 postmenopausal (50-80 years) female participants. Multivariate logistic regression through complex sampling was used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) for osteopenia and osteoporosis in women with loss of at least eight teeth. RESULTS: The average number of missing teeth was significantly lower in women with a normal BMD than in those with osteopenia and osteoporosis (4.5 ± 0.4 vs. 6.7 ± 0.3 vs. 10.4 ± 0.5; p < 0.001). Women with abnormal BMD of the femoral neck were at higher risk of losing eight or more teeth than women with a normal BMD in the femoral neck (OR, 2.37; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.88-2.99). Women with osteoporosis in the lumbar spine were also at a higher risk of losing eight or more teeth [OR, 1.89; 95% CI, 1.52-2.36] than were women with a normal BMD in the lumbar spine. CONCLUSIONS: Excessive edentulism might be associated with low BMD in postmenopausal women. Regular dental examination is recommended for the postmenopausal women with osteopenia or osteoporosis to prevent tooth loss.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/patologia , Densidade Óssea , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/epidemiologia , Perda de Dente/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Assistência Odontológica , Feminino , Colo do Fêmur/fisiologia , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Vértebras Lombares/fisiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Boca Edêntula/epidemiologia , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Pós-Menopausa , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Saúde da Mulher
20.
Korean J Fam Med ; 37(2): 123-9, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27073612

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vitamin-mineral supplements are the most popular dietary supplements in Korea. However, few studies have assessed the relationship between vitamin-mineral supplementation and associated factors among the Korean elderly. The purpose of this study was to assess the use of vitamin-mineral supplements among elderly in Korea as well as its association with sociodemographic factors, health-related behaviors, medical conditions, and nutrient intake. METHODS: This study was based on data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, conducted by the Korean Ministry of Health and Welfare from 2008 to 2009. Data from 3,294 elderly men and women (65 years of age and older) were analyzed. Multivariable-weighted logistic regression model analysis was used to evaluate the association between vitamin-mineral supplement use and sociodemographic factors, health-related habits, and medical conditions. RESULTS: Vitamin-mineral supplementation was reported by 16.3% of the participants. The most common reason for using dietary supplements was recommendations from friends and acquaintances. Highly educated person, female participants had a greater likelihood of taking vitamin-mineral supplements. In addition, analysis of nutrient intake from food sources alone revealed a lower proportion of vitamin-mineral supplement users with nutrient intakes below the estimated average requirements for vitamin A, vitamin C, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, calcium, iron, and phosphorus, compared to nonusers. However, vitamin-mineral supplementation was not associated with health-related behaviors or medical conditions. CONCLUSION: Highly educated person, elderly Korean women had a greater likelihood of using vitamin-mineral supplements. In addition, nutrient intakes from food sources alone were significantly higher among vitamin-mineral supplement users. Finally, vitamin-mineral supplementation may be an indicator of healthier diet in elderly Koreans.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA