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1.
J Med Microbiol ; 2020 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32639226

RESUMO

Introduction. Empirical vancomycin (VAN) treatment failure for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteraemia, with significantly higher mortality, has been reported for MRSA strains with reduced VAN susceptibility.Aim. Our goal was to study the effect of sub-culture on VAN minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values compared to direct susceptibility of MRSA-positive blood cultures.Methodology. Using 19 MRSA-positive blood cultures and 19 seeded MRSA-positive blood cultures, we compared the VAN MICs from direct susceptibility testing of MRSA-positive blood cultures and MRSA sub-cultured from positive blood cultures.Results. In comparing direct VAN MICs from MRSA-positive blood cultures and standard agar dilution, nearly half of the MICs from agar dilution were lower, with one sample decreasing from 1.5 to 0.75 µg ml-1. Furthermore, in seeded blood cultures, 80 % or more showed lower values from standard agar dilution compared to direct VAN MICs.Conclusion. Our results reveal a trend towards lower MICs after positive blood culture isolates are sub-cultured. Some clinical failures among MRSA infections treated with VAN may result from this phenomenon.

2.
World Neurosurg ; 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32553602

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Central sleep apnea due to occipitocervical compression myelopathy is an extremely rare condition. Here, we report a case of surgical treatment for central sleep apnea due to occipitocervical compression myelopathy in a patient with Klippel-Feil syndrome. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 60-year-old man had become aware of a gradually progressive clumsiness and gait disturbance without any cause of injury 5 years before. He had complicated respiratory discomfort during sleep for the previous month and visited our hospital. Neurological examination revealed severe myelopathy. Polysomnography showed central sleep apnea and Cheyne-Stokes respiration. Imaging findings showed C2-3 vertebral fusion and severe spinal cord compression caused by hypoplasia of the C1 posterior arch complicated by an anomaly of the vertebral artery. We diagnosed the patient with central sleep apnea due to occipitocervical compression myelopathy complicated by Klippel-Feil syndrome. After a simulation using a full-scale three-dimensional model, resection of the C1 posterior arch and C4-5 laminoplasty was performed. After surgery, both clumsiness and gait disturbance gradually improved. Polysomnography 1 month after surgery showed that the CSA and the Cheyne-Stokes respiration disappeared. CONCLUSIONS: Although a recent report has indicated the cause of sleep apnea in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and occipitocervical disorders as obstructive sleep apnea, a significant improvement of central sleep apnea was observed with decompression surgery in this case. Appropriate surgical planning resulted in a favorable outcome.

3.
J Infect Chemother ; 2020 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32565151

RESUMO

The nationwide surveillance on antimicrobial susceptibility of bacterial respiratory pathogens from the patients in Japan was conducted by the Japanese Society of Chemotherapy, the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases, and the Japanese Society for Clinical Microbiology in 2016. The isolates were collected from clinical specimens obtained from well-diagnosed adult patients with respiratory tract infections during the period between February 2016 and August 2016 by three societies. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was conducted at the central reference laboratory according to the method recommended by Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute. Susceptibility testing was evaluated in 1062 strains (143 Staphylococcus aureus, 210 Streptococcus pneumoniae, 17 Streptococcus pyogenes, 248 Haemophilus influenzae, 151 Moraxella catarrhalis, 134 Klebsiella pneumoniae, and 159 Pseudomonas aeruginosa). Ratio of methicillin-resistant S. aureus was 48.3%, and those of penicillin-susceptible S. pneumoniae was 99.5%. Among H. influenzae, 14.1% of them were found to be ß-lactamase-producing ampicillin-resistant strains, and 41.1% to be ß-lactamase-non-producing ampicillin-resistant strains. Extended spectrum ß-lactamase-producing K. pneumoniae and multi-drug resistant P. aeruginosa with metallo ß-lactamase were 4.5% and 0.6%, respectively.

4.
Mol Vis ; 26: 409-422, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32565669

RESUMO

Purpose: Glaucoma is a group of chronic optic neuropathies characterized by the degeneration of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and their axons, and they ultimately cause blindness. Because neuroprotection using neurotrophic factors against RGC loss has been proven a beneficial strategy, extensive attempts have been made to perform gene transfer of neurotrophic proteins. This study used the inner retinal injury mouse model to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of tyrosine triple mutated and self-complementary adeno-associated virus (AAV) encoding brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF; tm-scAAV2-BDNF). Methods: C57BL/6J mice were intravitreally injected with 1 µl of tm-scAAV2-BDNF and its control AAV at a titer of 6.6 E+13 genome copies/ml. Three weeks later, 1 µl of 2 mM N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) was administered in the same way as the viral injection. Six days after the NMDA injection, we assessed the dark-adapted electroretinography (ERG). Mice were sacrificed at one week after the NMDA injection, followed by RNA quantification, protein detection, and histopathological analysis. Results: The RNA expression of BDNF in retinas treated with tm-scAAV2-BDNF was about 300-fold higher than that of its control AAV. Meanwhile, the expression of recombinant BDNF protein increased in retinas treated with tm-scAAV2-BDNF. In addition, histological analysis revealed that tm-scAAV2-BDNF prevented thinning of the inner retina. Furthermore, b-wave amplitudes of the tm-scAAV2-BDNF group were significantly higher than those of the control vector group. Histopathological and electrophysiological evaluations showed that tm-scAAV2-BDNF treatment offered significant protection against NMDA toxicity. Conclusions: Results showed that tm-scAAV2-BDNF-treated retinas were resistant to NMDA injury, while retinas treated with the control AAV exhibited histopathological and functional changes after the administration of NMDA. These results suggest that tm-scAAV2-BDNF is potentially effective against inner retinal injury, including normal tension glaucoma.

5.
Intern Med ; 59(12): 1481-1488, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32536675

RESUMO

Objective This study aims to elucidate the association between the clinical characteristics of post-colonoscopy colorectal cancer (PCCRC) and quality indicators (QIs) of colonoscopy. Methods Patients with PCCRC who underwent total colonoscopy (TCS) and were histologically diagnosed with adenocarcinoma within six months to five years of the last examination were included in this study. PCCRC and normally detected cancer (NDC) identified within the same period were compared in terms of their clinicopathological characteristics. Furthermore, the QIs at PCCRC detection were compared to those at the last examination. Results Patients with PCCRC had a significantly higher rate of colon surgery history than those with NDC (PCCRC: 25/76, 32.9%; NDC: 31/1,437, 2.2%; p<0.001), but the invasion depth in these patients was significantly shallower (PCCRC: ≤Tis/≥T1, 37/39; NDC: ≤Tis/≥T1, 416/1,021; p<0.001). Among patients with PCCRC, the T1b group had significantly more non-polypoid growth (NPG)-type cases than PG-type CRC cases (p=0.018). The adenoma detection rate (ADR) of colonoscopists performing TCS was 30.2-52.8%. Furthermore, the ADR of colonoscopists at the time of PCCRC detection (36.7%±5.9%) was significantly higher than that of colonoscopists who performed the last examination (34.9%±4.4%; p=0.034). The withdrawal time for negative colonoscopy (WT-NC) at detection was significantly longer than that at the last examination (at detection: 494.3±253.8 s; at last examination: 579.5±243.6 s; p=0.010). Conclusion Given that these PCCRC cases were post-colon surgery cases, had a long WT-NC, and were detected by colonoscopists with a high ADR, most cases showed lesions that were missed during the previous colonoscopy. Caution should be practiced in order to avoid missing flat, NPG-type tumors.

6.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2020 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32578957

RESUMO

AIMS: In the updated guidelines for cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) proposed by the Japanese Circulation Society (JCS), the definition of isolated CS (iCS) was established for the first time. This prompted us to examine the characteristics of patients with CS including iCS according to them by reviewing patients undergoing 18 F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron-emission tomography/computerized tomography (FDG-PET/CT), compared with those with CS determined by the conventional international criteria. METHODS AND RESULTS: From 2013 to 2019, 94 patients (61 ± 15 years, 50 female patients) with suspected CS underwent whole-body and cardiac FDG-PET/CT scanning. In contrast to 22 patients with CS based on the international criteria, 34 [27 with systemic sarcoidosis including cardiac involvement (sCS) and 7 with definitive iCS] were diagnosed with CS according to the new JCS guidelines (P = 0.012), and 60 were not (4 suspected iCS, 13 systematic sarcoidosis without cardiac involvement, and 43 no sarcoidosis). In addition to 26 of 34 patients with CS, corticosteroids were also started in 6 of 60 without CS according to clinical need. CONCLUSIONS: Diagnostic yield with the new JCS guidelines was higher, with approximately 1.5-fold of the patients diagnosed with CS compared with the previous international criteria and definitive iCS accounting for approximately 20% of the whole CS cohort. In addition to 75% of the patients with sCS or definitive iCS in the updated guidelines, 10% in whom CS was not documented were also started on corticosteroids for clinical indications such as reduced cardiac function or arrhythmia.

7.
Heart Vessels ; 2020 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32350637

RESUMO

Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) using Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography has been established as a standard noninvasive tool for risk stratification of coronary artery disease (CAD). We evaluated the diagnostic performance of on-site workstation-based computed tomography-derived fractional flow reserve (CT-FFR) in comparison with MPI using invasive fractional flow reserve (invasive FFR) as a gold standard. We enrolled 97 patients with suspected CAD. Diagnostic performance of CT angiography (CTA), and CT-FFR was compared in 105 lesions of 97 patients. Invasive FFR ≤ 0.8 was detected in 38 (36%) lesions. Diagnostic performance of CT-FFR was improved compared with CTA (AUC 0.83 vs. 0.60, p < 0.0001). The lesions with both CTA and MPI findings (n = 47), invasive FFR ≤ 0.8 was detected in 19 (40.4) lesions. CT-FFR (AUC 0.81, 95% CI 0.72-0.94) significantly improved diagnostic performance compared with CTA-50% (AUC 0.59, p = 0.00019) and MPI (AUC 0.64, p = 0.0082). In lesions with ≥ 50% on CTA (n = 42), diagnostic accuracy of CT-FFR (AUC 0.81) was significantly superior to MPI (AUC 0.64, p = 0.0239). In conclusions, CT-FFR improved diagnostic accuracy to detect invasive FFR ≤ 0.8 compared with luminal stenosis on CTA and ischemia on MPI. Patients with ≥ 50% stenosis on CTA would be the candidates for CT-FFR.

8.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 6748, 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32317768

RESUMO

We aimed to clarify the differences in therapeutic outcomes of patients with pure undifferentiated-type and mixed undifferentiated-type cancers who underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), and whether pre-treatment diagnosis of mixed undifferentiated-type cancer is associated with requiring additional surgery after ESD. Patients subjected to ESD as initial treatment between May 2005 and March 2017 were enrolled. There were 277 undifferentiated-type cancers (265 patients). Histologically, 258 lesions were pure-type and 19 were mixed-type. We compared therapeutic outcomes and pre-treatment factors (tumour diameter, tumour depth, ulcerative findings, tumour location, and the macroscopic, and histological type of the biopsy specimen) between pure-type and mixed-type lesions, and between cases not requiring additional surgeries and cases requiring additional surgeries. Tumour diameter >20 mm, submucosal invasion, and the presence of ulcerative findings made pre-treatment diagnosis more difficult for mixed-type than for pure-type lesions. In cases requiring additional surgery, pre-treatment diagnosis of mixed-type lesions was significantly more likely than pre-treatment diagnosis of pure-type lesions. For mixed-type lesions, pre-treatment histological diagnosis and careful consideration are necessary to determine indications for ESD to avoid additional surgery after ESD.

9.
J Clin Neurosci ; 2020 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32336629

RESUMO

We sought to assess the utility of simultaneous apparent T2 mapping and neurography with the nerve-sheath signal increased by inked rest-tissue rapid acquisition of relaxation-enhancement imaging (SHINKEI-Quant) for the quantitative evaluation of compressed nerves in patients with lumbar radiculopathy. Thirty-two patients with lumbar radiculopathy and 5 healthy subjects underwent simultaneous apparent T2 mapping and neurography with SHINKEI-Quant. Regions of interest (ROIs) were placed in the lumbar dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and the spinal nerves distal to the lumbar nerves bilaterally at L4-S1. The T2 relaxation times were measured on the affected and unaffected sides. The T2 ratio was calculated as the affected side/unaffected side. Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated to determine the correlation between the T2 relaxation times or T2 ratio and clinical symptoms. An ROC curve was used to examine the diagnostic accuracy and threshold of the T2 relaxation times and T2 ratio. We observed no significant differences in the T2 relaxation times between the nerve roots on the left and right at each spinal level in healthy subjects. In patients, lumbar neurography revealed swelling of the involved nerve, and prolonged T2 relaxation times compared with that of the contralateral nerve. The T2 ratio correlated with leg pain. The ROC analysis revealed that the T2 relaxation time threshold was 127 ms and the T2 ratio threshold was 1.07. To our knowledge, this is the first study to show the utility of SHINKEI-Quant for the quantitative evaluation of lumbar radiculopathy.

10.
J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) ; 28(2): 2309499020918424, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32329403

RESUMO

Morquio syndrome is a relatively rare entity that is often associated with atlantoaxial instability from early childhood due to odontoid dysplasia based on a mucopolysaccharoidal disorder. Here, we present the case of a 55-year-old male patient with Morquio syndrome who developed cervical myelopathy, which is an extremely rare condition in the older population. Myelopathy developed gradually with upper-limb paresthesia and clumsiness of both hands. The patient had a characteristic "gargoyle-like" coarse face with a trunk shortening-type short stature. Imaging of the cervical spine demonstrated several problems, including diminutive structures called platyspondyly with small pedicles and fragile bone quality, hypoplasia of the C1 posterior arch that migrated into the spinal canal, and os odontoideum with atlantoaxial instability. With intraoperative navigation guidance, posterior decompression of C1 followed by occipito-cervico-thoracic spinal fusion was successfully performed in this complicated case. Clinical and radiographic outcomes were both excellent and have been maintained for 2 years postoperatively.

11.
J Nippon Med Sch ; 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32238736

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to measure the serum levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) and normal tension glaucoma (NTG) patients in Japan. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational study that examined serum BDNF levels in 78 patients who underwent cataract surgery or trabeculectomy (27 glaucoma patients and 51 non-glaucoma cataract patients as controls). The patients' age was 68.8 ± 11.1 years (mean ± standard deviation; range 35-86 years). The number of patients with POAG and NTG was 16 and 11, respectively. The diagnosis of POAG was done by intraocular pressure measurement, gonioscopy, optic nerve head change, and the presence of a visual field defect. RESULTS: The serum BDNF concentration was significantly lower in the glaucoma group, including both POAG and NTG, than in the control group (7.2 ± 3.6 ng/mL vs. 12.2 ± 9.3 ng/mL, p=0.004). The serum BDNF concentration was lower in the early phase than in the moderate phases of glaucoma. There was no correlation between the serum BDNF concentration and age. When the NTG and POAG patient groups were compared, the serum BDNF concentration was lower in NTG patients than in POAG patients. No significant correlations were found between glaucoma parameters, including optical coherence tomography and visual field defects, and the serum BDNF concentration. CONCLUSION: This is the first study to have investigated serum BDNF concentrations in glaucoma patients in Japan. Further investigations are needed to evaluate the role of BDNF as a potential biomarker of glaucoma.

12.
J Clin Neurosci ; 76: 74-80, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32295748

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to try oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) using percutaneous pedicle screws (PPS) with mobility. Twelve patients who underwent single-level OLIF were observed for at least one year. These included 6 patients with conventional PPS (rigid group), and 6 with movable PPS (semi-rigid group). Mobile PPS used cosmicMIA, which is a load sharing system. The anterior and posterior disc height, screw loosening and bone healing period, and implant failure were evaluated at final observation by CT. Moreover, the stress on the vertebral body-cage, on the vertebral body-screw/rod and on the bone around the screw was estimated using a three-dimensional finite element assessment in both groups. There was no significant difference in surgical time, amount of bleeding, JOA score, or low back pain VAS between groups. There were no differences between groups in anterior and posterior disc height, screw loosening, and implant failure at final observation. The bone healing period was significantly shorter in the semi-rigid screw group (18.3 months vs 4.8 months, p = 0.01). The finite element analysis showed that the lower stress on the rod/screw would contribute to fewer implant fractures and that lower stress on the bone around the screw would reduce screw loosening, and that higher compressive force on the cage would promotes bone healing. OLIF combined with a movable screw accelerated bone healing by nearly 75%. We conclude that mobile PPS in combination with OLIF promotes bone healing and can be a better vertebral fusion technique.

13.
COPD ; 17(3): 230-239, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237910

RESUMO

Patients who have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and bronchial asthma (BA) share symptoms such as, dyspnoea, cough and wheeze. Differentiating these diseases in the ambulatory setting can be challenging especially in older adult smokers who are being treated with a variety of medications. The objective of this study was to test the value of adding a maximal inspiratory manoeuvre to basic spirometry to differentiate COPD and BA. One hundred forty-three COPD patients and 142 BA patients had measurements of maximal inspiratory and expiratory flow during routine spirometry. Parameters from these tests were used to assess diagnostic accuracy using receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analyses followed by logistic regression. The association of two independent parameters were analyzed using linear regression analyses. Results show that forced expiratory volume in one second/forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC%) <62.4 was the best independent predictor to diagnose COPD. The combination of FEV1/FVC% <62.4 and the ratio of peak inspiratory flow/maximal expiratory flow at 50% FVC (PIF/MEF50) >3.06 significantly predicted COPD. Post-test probability for prediction of COPD was 82.0% when patients had both parameters. When asthmatic patients with a smoking history were compared with COPD patients, FEV1/FVC% <63.4 and PIF/MEF50 >3.29 were both independent predictors of COPD. The post-test probability for COPD was 94.4% when patients had both parameters. The association between FEV1/FVC% and PIF/MEF50 was significantly different between COPD and BA. In conclusion, the addition of the maximal inspiratory effort to routine pulmonary function measurements provides a simple test to help differentiate COPD and BA.

14.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 6739, 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32317683

RESUMO

Lumbar spondylolysis generally occurs in adolescent athletes. Bony union can be expected with conservative treatment, however, the fracture does not heal in some cases. When the fracture becomes a pseudoarthrosis, spondylolysis patients have the potential to develop isthmic spondylolisthesis. A cross-sectional study was performed to determine the incidence of spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis, and to elucidate when and how often spondylolisthesis occurs in patients with or without spondylolysis. Patients undergoing computed tomography (CT) scans of abdominal or lumbar regions for reasons other than low back pain were included (n = 580). Reconstruction CT images were obtained, and the prevalence of spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis were evaluated. Of the 580 patients, 37 patients (6.4%) had spondylolysis. Of these 37 patients, 19 patients (51.4%) showed spondylolisthesis, whereas only 7.4% of non-spondylolysis patients showed spondylolisthesis (p < 0.05). When excluding unilateral spondylolysis, 90% (18/20) of spondylolysis patients aged ≥60 years-old showed spondylolisthesis. None of the patients with isthmic spondylolisthesis had received fusion surgery, suggesting that most of these patients didn't have a severe disability requiring surgical treatment. Our results showed that the majority of bilateral spondylolysis patients aged ≥60 years-old show spondylolisthesis, and suggest that spondylolisthesis occurs very frequently and may develop at a younger age when spondylolysis exists.

15.
Circ J ; 84(6): 958-964, 2020 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32321902

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical congestion is the most dominant feature in patients with acute decompensated heart failure (HF). However, uncertainty exists due to the permutations and combinations of congestion status and decongestion strategies. This study investigated the effect of congestion status and its improvement on 1-year mortality.Methods and Results:In all, 453 consecutive patients hospitalized for acute decompensated HF between July 2015 and March 2017 were prospectively included in the study. Congestion was evaluated using the congestion score. The 1-year mortality rate was 22.7%. The mean (±SD) congestion scores at admission, on Day 3, and at discharge were 10.7±3.9, 3.4±3.5, and 0.3±0.8, respectively. The improvement rate in congestion scores during the first 3 days was 78%; 46.6% of patients had residual congestion. The Day 3 congestion score and the improvement rate during the first 3 days were related to 1-year all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality. Combined predictive values were examined by calculating multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios for associations of residual congestion and improvement rate during the first 3 days, and prognostic variables identified by the Cox regression model. Residual congestion and lesser improvement (<64%) were associated with higher relative risk of 1-year all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality than residual congestion and higher improvement (≥64%) or resolved congestion. CONCLUSIONS: Rapid decongestion could be a prerequisite regardless of residual congestion in hospitalized acute decompensated HF patients.

16.
J Clin Neurosci ; 75: 225-228, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32178992

RESUMO

Atlantoaxial rotatory fixation (AARF) in an adult without any trauma is an extremely rare condition. Here we report a case of surgical treatment for existing atlantoaxial rotatory fixation in an adult with spastic torticollis. A 50-year-old man had become aware of torticollis without any cause of injury 6 weeks before he visited our hospital, where he presented with a one-week history of severe neck pain. Based on the local and imaging findings, we diagnosed him as having existing AARF of Fielding classification type I. The AARF was not reduced by 3 weeks of Glisson traction. Thus, we performed C1-C2 posterior fusion surgery 3 months after his initial visit. Although CT findings just after surgery showed that the C1-2 facet subluxation was reduced, the complaint of torticollis was not improved, with scoliosis at the middle to lower cervical level because of left sternocleidomastoid hypertonia. Administration of diazepam was initiated 2 weeks after surgery and botulinum toxin injections to the left sternocleidomastoid were added 2 months after surgery under the neurological diagnosis of spastic torticollis. As a result, the complaint of his torticollis was significantly improved 3 months after surgery. There were no relapses of the torticollis and complete fusion of the C1-C2 laminae was observed at the 2-year final follow-up. Surgical treatment for AARF in an adult should be considered if the diagnosis of AARF is delayed. In addition, appropriate treatment for spastic torticollis applied after surgery resulted in a favorable outcome of this case.

17.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 21(1): 131, 2020 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32111198

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is one of the most serious complications in patients treated with a halo-vest brace. However, the cause of dysphagia development by halo-vest fixation is not yet clear. We therefore investigated the incidence of dysphagia and cervical alignment as well as clinical data from medical charts in patients treated with a halo-vest brace. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed clinical data from the medical charts of 49 patients who had undergone halo-vest fixation. Occipito (O)-C2 angle, C2-C6 angle, and pharyngeal inlet angle were assessed by lateral plain X-rays of the cervical spine. The impacts of these parameters on incidence and severity of dysphagia were analyzed. RESULTS: Thirteen patients (32%) suffered from dysphagia during halo-vest fixation, and age and length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay were greater in the dysphagia group (p = 0.044 and 0.013, respectively) than in those who did not develop dysphagia. O-C2 angle was smaller in the dysphagia group (p = 0.016). After multivariate logistic analysis, body mass index, ICU stay, and O-C2 angle remained as independent risk factors related to incidence of dysphagia. Spearman rank correlation showed a negative correlation between ICU stay and Food Intake Level Scale (FILS) (p = 0.026), and a positive correlation between O-C2 angle and FILS (p = 0.008). CONCLUSION: This study suggested that O-C2 angle is related to both incidence and severity of dysphagia due to halo-vest fixation.

18.
J Radiat Res ; 61(3): 487-493, 2020 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32211861

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the rectal dose reduction with hydrogel spacer in 3D conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT), volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT), helical tomotherapy (HT), CyberKnife (CK) and proton therapy. Twenty patients who had hydrogel spacer for prostate radiotherapy were retrospectively enrolled. Computed tomography (CT) images with or without hydrogel spacer were used to evaluate rectal dose reduction. In total, 200 plans (20 patients × 2 CT images × 5 techniques) were created using the following criteria: 3DCRT, VMAT and HT [76 Gy/38 fractions (Fr), planning target volume (PTV) D50%], CK (36.25 Gy/5 Fr, PTV D95%) and proton therapy (63 GyE/21 Fr, PTV D50%). Rectal dose reduction was evaluated using low-/middle-dose (D20%, D50% and D80%) and high-dose (D2%) ranges. Rectal dose reduction of each dose index was compared for each technique. Significant rectal dose reduction (P < 0.001) between the treatment plans on pre- and post-CT images were achieved for all modalities for D50%, D20% and D2%. In particular, the dose reduction of high-dose (D2%) ranges were -40.61 ± 11.19, -32.44 ± 5.51, -25.90 ± 9.89, -13.63 ± 8.27 and -8.06 ± 4.19%, for proton therapy, CK, HT, VMAT and 3DCRT, respectively. The area under the rectum dose-volume histogram curves were 34.15 ± 3.67 and 34.36 ± 5.24% (P = 0.7841) for 3DCRT with hydrogel spacer and VMAT without hydrogel spacer, respectively. Our results indicated that 3DCRT with hydrogel spacer would reduce the medical cost by replacing the conventional VMAT without spacer for prostate cancer treatment, from the point of view of the rectal dose. For the high-dose gradient region, proton therapy and SBRT with CK showed larger rectal dose reduction than other techniques.

19.
J Nippon Med Sch ; 87(2): 92-99, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009068

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The GUCY2D (guanylate cyclase 2D) gene encodes a photoreceptor guanylate cyclase (GC-E), that is predominantly expressed in the cone outer segments. Mutations in the GUCY2D lead to severe retinal disorders such as autosomal dominant cone-rod dystrophy (adCRD) and autosomal recessive Leber congenital amaurosis type 1. The purpose of this study was to identify the phenotype of a Japanese patient with a probably pathogenic GUCY2D variant. METHODS: Detailed ophthalmic examinations were performed, and whole exome sequencing was performed on DNA obtained from the patient. The variants identified by exome sequencing and targeted analysis were further confirmed by direct sequencing. RESULTS: A 47-year-old man had atrophic and pigmentary changes in the macula of both eyes. Amplitudes and implicit times on full-field electroretinograms (ERGs) were within normal limits; however, the densities of multifocal ERGs in the central area were reduced in both eyes. Whole exome sequencing identified heterozygous variant c.2527G>C, p.Glu843Gln in the GUCY2D gene within the mutation hot spot for adCRD. The allelic frequencies of this variant are extremely low and, according to American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics standards and guidelines, the variants are classified as likely pathogenic. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report of a heterozygous variant, c.2527G>C, p.Glu843Gln, in the GUCY2D, in a patient presenting with mild macular dystrophy without a general reduction in cone function. Our findings expand the spectrum of the clinical phenotypes of GUCY2D-adCRD and help clarify the morphological and functional changes caused by defects of dimerization of GC-E in the phototransduction cascade.

20.
Transfus Apher Sci ; 59(3): 102737, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051100

RESUMO

Predictors of peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) yield can potentially improve the comfort, safety, and efficacy of CD34+ cell collection from donors treated with recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). We investigated 181 apheresis procedures on 109 healthy allogeneic donors to identify factors correlating with efficient PBSC collection. Apheresis started on Day 4 or 5 and continued up to Day 6 of G-CSF administration. CD34+ cell yields on Days 4 and 5 were comparable, and significantly higher than on Day 6. This suggests that starting apheresis on Day 4 rather than Day 5 may be preferable, to reduce G-CSF exposure and optimize yield, even if multi-day collection is required. More CD34+ cells were collected from male and cytomegalovirus (CMV)-seronegative donors than from female and CMV-seropositive donors, respectively. The yields of CD34+ cells were similarly high in both male and female donors aged 20-29 years; yields decreased in female donors in their thirties, and were comparably low in both male and female donors in their forties and thereafter. These findings should guide decision-making about when to begin apheresis, and encourage careful consideration of donor factors such as gender, age, and CMV serostatus when collecting PBSCs.

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